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December 28, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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December 28, 1962

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6--THE PROGRESS Friday, Dec. 28, 1962 THEOLOGY FOR THE LAYMAN: Chapter 171 Kingdom Is Re.Established (Continued) Redeemer--King Besides a law and someone to teach it, every society needs AUTHORITY by which the law can be enforced. What good is a law if you can not enforce it? From the very beginning God saw to it that there was leader- ship and authority in His King- dom. God singled out one man, Moses. to set up His society. It was this same Moses who lead the Chosen People out of Egypt redeeming them from the slavery of their oppressors. When Moses died it was Josue who actually lead the Jews into the Promised Land. Then followed a long period of confusion in which the so- ciety of the Jews lacked proper him as a god as did their pagan neighbors. It is interesting to note" that the Kingdom of God suffered or prospered depending upon the quality of its King. This is the human element in God&apos;s King- dom and it ought not to surprise us considering the fact that in God's plan man is to be a co- operator with Yahweh in human redemption and is not just a mute, dumb spectator. Along with the human, weak element there is also the divine dement ever present, for at no time did God allow His nation to be de- stroyed. Hope Preserved Throughout it all, throughout the long precarious history of the Chosen People Yahweh was faithful and did not allow the seemingly overwhelming powers of darkness to snuff out the ray (Lesson 7) CULTURE (the sons of Levi) were the fam- ily whom God had designated to be the priests of the Jewish re- ligious society. Victims Were Many There were many and varied victims: animals, bread, wine, first-fruits, to mention but a few. However it is performed, sac- rifice which implies a priesthood and victims to be offered, is es- senual to religion. We might de- scribe a sacrifice as the offering of a victim by a priest to God alone; and the destruction of that victim in some way to ac- knowledge that God is the Crea- tor of all things. He who offers the sacrifice to God the Father for the people and in their name is called a priest. The victim is the thing offered. The Sacrifices of the Old Law prepare the world for the perfect sacrifice of the perfect Priest and Victim, Jesus Christ, who offered Him- were abolished when the Messiah did come. Their task of fore- shadowing had been fulfilled (Matt. V:17). They gave way to the new "Sacred-Signs" insti- tuted by Christ. We call these n e w "Sacred-Signs" SACRA- 00ER|[S Moses He welded that race into a religious society with a specific goal and the means necessary to attain it. The goal for God's re- ligious society was holiness. The means to attain that goal were: LAW, PROPHETS, REDEEM- READ: Genesis 4:3.6; 9:20.22; 14:18.24. Exodus 24:4.8; 29 Leviticus: read entire book; sacrifice on almost every page. MENTS. The Sacraments which Christ instituted are far more efficacious, more useful, easier to administer and to receive as well as being fewer in number. All this we shall see in detail in a later chapter. God The Father's Great Love For Us Before we move to the next stage in the drama of man's Re- demption, let us take a back- ward glance to see how much God the Father has shown His IF )EXI TS puopmm'rs .mtv L,sms ol- "rs<s+ oa.D ms1'Js i "t '" " ,V,;'.:1 Jr I I MOSES ouo. o l,j'.jla)ii,;  m..-...K---V PENTAIPIEUCI . 0tR. UtS I [/. , MAIA$ 100/1 ......... DD00IIN'C_. ,o. 11 ll00. I ,h,s c.ap,00 ,s, ,urt00er oescrip- l B.UI il1J " " " " ' d DIVISION PALL FALL ItEIIN ERA  tion of this sect,on of the histori- nrnrri ira ,. 0u, ,..r , ,:], ca, L, nart. r. see zne rrogress, lii.lll|Jl. . September 28. AAROH &I/D T/I= ION OP' LV'I OALnll ILE .VICTIM "- o',zan op ant.,. 'mZAD, wa.s, 1ms-r. Fn II I. '>  I_1 /.I I .'-'.-. ,&l=l .,.-"" .\\;. iIUI II IBM/ AvS OF PROPOSITION RITES OF IESTLY NSECRATION " :i 1] I]ALW 31H3 RITUAL LIBATIONS SPRINKLING OF T[ BLOOD OF ANIM of eternal hope that burned in the heart of His People. The books of Exodus, ]osue, ]udges, Four Books of Kings, First and Second Paralipomena, Prophetic Books, First and Sec- ond Machabees, all trace the his- tory of Jewish authority from Moses to the great and perfect leader, redeemer and k  n g: JESUS CHRIST. Sacrifice One of the greatest revelations of the Old Testament is that Ex.; Lev.; Num.; Deut. Read Exodus 19:24 Authority and Leadership. As might be expected, the Kingdom suffered greatly as a result. Dur- ing this period, however, it is true that there was some author- ity in the Kingdom. From time to time God Himself raised up heroes who saved the nation from destruction. These famous national leaders were known as "JUDGES". M o s t illustrious among them were: Sampson, Gedeon, Jephte and Deborah. This period of the Judges is Read Josue 5 & 6 Read Judges 4 & 5 Read I Sam. 8-12 Read I Sam. 16; II Sam. 6&7 READ: 1290 B.C. Moses at Sinai 1250 . 1200 B.C. Josue conquers the Holy Land 1200 . 1020 B.C. The Judges 1020 . 1000 B.C. The Monarchy King Saul 1000 961 B.C. David (II Kings) 961 922 B.C. 922 B.C. 336 40 Solomon (III Kings) Read III Kings 3; 8; 9. Division of the Kingdom (3.& 4 Read III & IV Kings. Kings) 721 B.C. Fall of Israel Read IV Kings 17:1.41 586 B.C. Fall of Jerusalem Read IV Kings 24 & 25 538 B.C. Return from Exile (Esdras & Nohemias)Read Esdras 5 323 B.C. The Era of Alexander 167 B.C. Revolt of Maccabees Read I & II Maccabees 63 B.C. Pompey in Jerusalem 4 B.C. Herod the Great Read Matthew 2 4 B.C. Jesus Christ King most significant for it shows most graphically what happens to any society deprived of cen- tralized authority. Given First King In time, God consented to give the Jews the type of cen- tralized authority and leadership they desired.-He gave His King- dom its first King. However, this King was not to be like other kings. God laid down spe- cific laws to the effect that this King was to have but one func-. Lion: he was to be an instrument of God. God alone would be sole ruler Of the Jewish Kingdom; but now God would rule His people through the instrumen- tality of a r@resentative, a hu- man being called a King. God laid down strict laws governing the duties and privileges of His kings for there was great danger that the Jews would worship man is totally dependent upon Yahweh for everything. But if every individual depends totally upon God, then so does every society; for a society is composed of dependent men. God has al- ways demanded that men indi- viduall and socially ackn0wl- edge this dependence. For this reason God has always demand- ed SACRIFICE. When sacrifice is offered officially and publicly by a religious society it must be done in a representative manner. There must be a person or select group who perform the rite or ceremony to which the other members join their worship. Those who offer the sacrifice are called priests; that which is of- fered is called the victim. A Priesthood and a Victim are es- sential to religion as God the Father established it in the Old Testament. Aaron and his sons I. ER - KING, SACRIFICE a n d SACRED-SIGNS. These ele- ments are so very human; they O kind by perfecting the essential elements of the Old Law; who will build a perfect society upon the foundations of the old, a so- ciety with all the means neces- sary for fallen man to once again be friends of God. The Jews were looking for Him who would be Perfect LAW-GIVER, P e r f e c t PRO- PHET, P e r f e c t REDEEMER- KING, Perfect OFFERER OF, SACRIFICE and Perfect INSTI-' TUTER of SACRED-SIGNS. The Jews were looking for Him READ: Genesis 17 and Leviticus 12;3 concerning Circum. cision: O.T. Bapt. Exodus 29:38-42; Numbers 28:3-8 concern- ing Holocaust offerings which symbolized man's recognition of God's universal sovereignty. Leviticus 23:13 concerning liba- tions of wine as a part of the sacrificial ritual. There are exam- ples of Sacred-Signs on almost every page of the first five books of the Bible. are what we would expect tak- ing man's dual nature of matter and spirit into account, as well as the fact that that nature has been wounded by Original Sin. God even in the beginning did not wish to create us angels but men, nor does He desire to save us as angels, but as men. In this course of instructions, along with the Jews of old, we await the coming of that Great Redeemer who will save man- who would restore paradise. Without realizing it they were looking for God Himself to be- come a man and dwell amon us. And God so loved the that He did just that: He sent us His Only Begotten Son. What greater possible love could God have for human nature than to become a man in order to re- deem human nature? Certainly, the Father's love for us is in- finite ! self upon the altar of the Cross through the Kingdom's Sacrifice in the perfect sacrifice of Cal- vary, which sacrifice is perpetu- ated in an unbloody manner through the Mass. Sacred Signs Since man s a composite of body as well as soul, of matter as well as spirit, he instinctively seeks to use the material world to express what is in his soul. The material plays an important and necessary role in the reli- gious life of any society. Thus from the beginning man used various outward material signs to point to spiritual reali- ties or to stimulate inward dis- positions of piety. Some of these signs were thought up by the Jews while others were directly instituted by God Himself. At any rate, outward signs such as crcumcision, ceremonies of legal purification, the loaves of propo- sition, rites of priestly consecra- tion, ritual libations and sprinkl- ing of the blood of animals these and many more were ap- proved and commanded by God for the good of the Chosen Peo- ple. Sacred Signs Were Guideposts As one can easily see, the "Sacred-Signs" of the Old Law were extremely important and numerous. These were great guide posts which prepared for and pre-figured the grace which was to be given through the Pas- sion, Death and Resurrection of Christ the Redeemer! And while the Old Law Sacred-Signs did not grant grace of them- selves, they did confer an ex- ternal legal cleanness. All of these signs strengthened the peo- ple's faith in Christ the Messiah and in virtue of this faith grace was granted. Longed for Redeemer No wonder the Jews of the Old Convenant longed for their Redeemer. For the Christ was not only to bring Redemption from sin but he was to do so through a new and more perfect Kingdom, the "Sacred-Signs" of which He, Himself, would in- stitute. In point of fact, the Sacred-Signs of the Old Law love for us. Not only did the Father give our first parents life itself, creating them as He did from the slime of the earth; not only did He bestow upon them every possible gift of nature and Grace; but even after they threw these gifts back in His face through deliberate sin, God de- vised a plan for mankind's Re- demption. Almost immediately after the fall, God promised our first parents a Redeemer who would restore to fallen man the gifts of paradise. Through the Patriarchs of the Old Law God set aside a Chosen race who would one day bring forth the Saviour. Under = To be Read During Entire Meeting: Entire Lesson. 1. Human wisdom always urges men to appoint or elect a president or chairman or leader of some sort over fraternities and clubs and organizations = of all sorts. Men see that it is necessary to have a leader or head. And we say that human wisdom is a reflection of Divine Wisdom. Is it reasonable -== that men should balk at a Leader or human Representative of God in the = Christian Religion? 2. Was freedom from sin a quality that God gave to the leaders he ap- _ pointed over Jews? Does God at times act through unworthy representatives? =-= -= 3. If a person were looking for the true religion today, should he ex- = pect to find sacrifice a part of that religion? = 4. What is the essential role of a priest? Is there any real difference = = between a priest in the Old Law and a priest in the New Law? 5. Can you remember any fortelling of the Sacrifice of the Mass in == the Old Testament? (Cf. Malachias 1:11). 6. We might well consider the "sacred signs" mentioned in this lesson - as visual aids to religion or sensory suggestions of God's presence. Why did God consider them important? = 7. Discuss this point: To understand the elements as characteristics of Christianity we should go back to the Old Testament and see the elements that God made necessary in a true religion. (Keeping this point in mind, == the study of the Old Testament will be greatly enhanced.) :lllllllll[lllllltl  Iflllltlllll$1111[lll IIIITIIIIHITIIIItlIHIIII1 ................................................................................................................................. Brandy Quality makes it the favorite 80 PROOF PREPARED, BLENDED & BOTTLED BY MONT LA SALLE VINEYARDS, REEDLEY, CALIF.