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December 28, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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December 28, 1962

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2--THE PRoGREss Doc 28, ,962 Peace And Unity Tenor 1 Catholic Pictorial Review of 1962 and international affairs, see,, fda i: i: Sof Wmh2neinl,e, the foun- be remembered the year of the Second Council-- the 21st the history of the Catho- llc Church and the first in 90 years. His Holiness e John XXIII also made by issuing the third teat social encyclical, er et Magistra; by Ch- arging the present Sacred ege of Cardinals to a 87 members; by the name of St. to be included in the of the Mass, and by dding Martin de Porres, a :;Tth century Negro Domini- d:an Brother to the list of anonized saints. The Holy ather is pictured (right enter) affixing his signa- re to the document offici- ally convoking the Second atican Council. Top row :rom the left, Dr. Francis J. Braceland, former presi- dent of the American Psy- chiatric Association, re- ceived the University of Notre Dame's Laetare Medal honoring t h e outstanding Catholic layman of 1962; Miriam T. Rooney, former dean of the Seton Hall Uni- versity Law School, was named "Outstanding Wom- an of 1962" by the National Association of Women Law- yers; German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and ,French President Charles "De Gaulle accompany alias Cardinal Doepfner, :hbishop of Municl and Freising, into Munich's Ca- thedral of Our Lady; St. Patrick's church, Oklahoma City, was judged best ex- ample of Catholic Church architecture in U.S.; Peter R. Kesling of Seattle, Wash., and the University of Notre Dame, was named "Outstanding C a t h o 1 i c Youth" for 1962; and the Most Rev. Paul J. Hallinan ight) was enthroned as e first Archbishop of At- lanta, Go. Shown in second row from the left are: An- thony J. Celebreeze, former Cleveland mayor, who be- came the 17th Catholic to hold a U.S. cabinet post as he became Secretary of Health, Education and Wel. fare; Edwin O'Connor who received the 1962 Pulitzer Prize for fiction with his book "The Edge of Sad- ness"; Michaelangelo's famed "Pieta" which was offered for exhibit at the 1964 New York World's Fair by His Holiness Pope :John XXIII; the first Cuban priest ordained in -exile, Father Robert Soler giving 'his first blessing to Bishop Coleman F. Carroll of Miami; and two Catholic priests, F a t h e r s Jerome .Hammer of France (left) and John B. Sheerin, C.S.P., editor of the Catholic ?World, New York, who ,? were among observers at the annual meeting of the Cen- tral Committee of the World Council of Churches held in Paris in July. Pic- a: tared in the third row are: : Mary Ann Kingry of Sagi- naw, Mich., who received :. the Young American Medal ". from President Kennedy for outstanding community service; Frank Duff (left), founder of the Legion of i The year 1962 will an. simply as the beginning of a new chapter in the history of Of C h r is t m a s he said: the modern world, it is most "Crtainly no solemnity of the Church is better suited' to pleasing to observe the part characterize the council than played by Our radio message, spokefi as it was in harmon- the birth of Christ which was ious and exultant chorus with announced in Heavenly glory the voice of the bishops of the and in the joy of brotherhood of all men -- both those who Catholic Church from every have been created and those part of the world, who were gathered here in Rome for the still destined to become in- work of the council." habitants of the cartli. "Goodwill Indispensable" "The Christian spirit per- ceives at once a happy likeness The Pope said that "the between the acclamation of the good will of each and every Fathers of the council and the one" is indispensable for angelic voices which ring out peace, which he styled "the every year at Christmas time most precious and important" above the watchful shepherds." of life's blessings. Speaking of the council, he He then repeated the said: "Truly the grace of the Christmas hymn of the an- Lord has been poured out on gels: "Glory to God in the His Church beyond all expecta- highest and on earth peace tion." among men of good will." He said: "A characteristic He stated: "Let peace, then, result of the ecumenical coun- be our objective at all times. cil has been the spontaneous Let us aim at creating peace revelation, almost unexpected around us so that it may spread throughout the entire by most people, of the sense world. Let us shield it fro of unity, or rather of the at- all that could harm it and take As bells ring our, we chime in wi'l'h a hearfy wish for a happy New Year. SUNNY JIM FOOD PRODUCTS Mary, "who received the Va- riety Club International Humanitarian Award from Ireland's President Eamon de Valera in Dublin; and the Most Rev. John E. Tay- lor, O.M.I., who became the first American named to a European See as he was en- throned as Bishop of Stock- holm, Sweden  at left is Auxiliary Bishop Fulton J. Sheen of New York who was coconsecrator. In fourth row from left are seen: the outstanding Catholic family of 1962, Mr. and Mrs. Frank E. O'Dowd of Wil. motto, Ill., attending a Cath- olic Family Life Convention in St. Louis; hundreds of white robed prelates walking in procession on their way to St. Peter's Basilica in Rome for the opening cere- monies of the Second Vati- can Council, October 11 more than 2,500 Council Fathers joined in the pro- cession; and (at far right) Father Theodore M. Hes- burgh, president of the Uni- versity of Notre Dame, and Frank M. Folsom, a mem- ber of the executive com- mittee of the National Catholic Community Serv- ' icesNCWC, represent the Holy See at the sixth gen- eral conference of the Inter- national A t o m i c Energy Agency in Vienna. Pictured in fifth row from the left: Augustin C a r d i n a I Boa, S.J., president of the Secre- traiat for Promoting Chris- tian Unity, exchanges greet- ings with the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. A r t hu r Ramsey at Lambeth Palace, the Anglican Primate's Lon- don residence; Congo Pre- mier Cyrille Adoula is re- ceived by Francis Cardinal Spelhnan, Archbishop of New York, during the for- mer's visit to New York where he a d d r e s s e d the Mexico. In the bottom row, United Nations General As- His Holiness Pope John is sembly; Aloysius Cardinal shown: receiving Michael Muench, only American Cardinal Brown, O.P., member of the Roman master general of the Curia died in February; Dominicans and one of the Teresa Neumann, famed ten Cardinals named by the Bavaraian stigmatic, also Holy Father in February; died; Martin de Porres, during opening ceremonies Negro Dominican lay of the Second Vatican Brother from Lima, Peru, Council (two pictures); was c a n o n iz e d by Pope speaking with the Russian John; and President and observers to the Council; Mrs. Kennedy are shown and greeting trainmen dur- outside the Marian shrine ing his historic 400-mile at Guadalupe, near Mexico trip to Loreto and Assisi City, where they attended just b e f o re the Council Mass during their visit to opened. Council Foremost Event of The Year (Continued from Page I) York's Francis Cardinal Spell- man, on a 15-day visit to U.S. Armed Forces in Germany ,and France, o f f e r e d Christmas Masses in Berlin. The medical commission of the Sacred Congregation of Rites approved two miracles in the beatification cause of Venerable John Nepomueene Neumann, fourth Bishop of Philadelphia. January In his State of the Union message to Congress President Kennedy repeated his belief that "across-the-board" Fed- eral aid to private schools is unconstitutional. House Speak- er John W. McCormack said he believes U.S. loans to pri- vate schools are valid but he would vote for a bill of aid to public schools only. Controver- sies raged in ll states over whether private school students are entitled to rides in tax-paid public school buses. More than 20 missionary priests and nuns were slain by rampaging troops in the Congo, and 17 Religious were arrested, tortured and im- prisoned in an antireligious outbreak in Czechoslovakia. O t h e r January headlines: Claim of Church Freedom In Russia Denied By Russian Orthodox Bishops . . . Premier Castro Automatically Excom- municated For Impeding Work of Cuban Clerics, Prelate States. February Pope John named 10 new cardinals, bringing member- ship in the College of Cardinals to an all-time high of 87 in a month when three cardinals died: Gaetano Cardinal Cicog- nani, 80, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites; Teo- dosio Cardinal de Gouveia, 72, Archbishop of Lourenco Mar- ques, Mozambique; and Aloi- sius Cardinal Muench, 72, first U.S. member of the Vatican administrative staff. The Pope also established the Atlanta, Go., province with Bishop Paul A. Hallinan of Charleston, S.C., as first Arch- bishop of Atlanta; named Bishop Joseph T. McGucken of Sacramento, as Archbishop of San Francisco; created the new Dioceses of Oakland, Stockton an d Santa Rosa, Calif., with Auxiliary Bishop Floyd L. Begin of Cleveland, Auxiliary Bishop Hugh A. Don- ohoe of San Francisco, and Msgr. Leo T. Maher of San Francisco, respectively, as the first bishops. The Pope scheduled Octo. ber 11 as the opening date of the Second Vatican Council; and issued an Apostolic Con- stitution reconfirming Latin as the Church's official lan- guage, forbidding any effort to supplant it. In a Catholic Press Month statement, Bishop Albert R. Zuroweste of Belleville, Ill., N.C.W.C. P r e s s Department episcopal chairman, said 1961 was the greatest year for the Catholic press in the U. S. Throughout the nation, pray- ers were offered as Marine Lt. John H. Glenn orbited the earth three times in a space capsule. Other February headlines: U. S. Catholics Donate 16 Mil- lion Pounds Of Relief For World Needy In t961 Clothing Drive . . . Philippine President Consecrates Nation To Christ. March New Orleans' Archbishop Jo- seph F. Rummel announced that all Catholic schools in his archdiocese would be inte- grated racially in September. Pope John announced that all members of the Sacred College of Cardinals will be bishops and scheduled consecration of 12 cardinal-deacons for Holy Thursday, April 18. Bishop James J. Byrne of Boise, Idaho, was named Arch- bishop of Dubuque. Former President Harry S. Truman said he opposed U. S. aid to private schools but still favors U.S.-Vatiean dip- lomatic ties. Mrs. John F. Kennedy, U.S. First Lady, on route to India, was received by Pope John during a Rome stop-off. Rev. Frederick J. Stevenson, Philadelphia e d u c a t o r, was named N.C.W.C. Youth De- partment director. The Pope received in audience Rt. Rev. Archibald C, Craig, Scotland's Presbyterian church leader. A joint letter of 38 Central American B i s h o p s reported "with deep sadness" their en- tire area is infected with Com- munism. Pope John estab- lished a national hierarchy for Korea, raising I1 vicariates to archdioceses and dioceses. Other M a r ch headlines: French Prelates Condemn Vio- lence Connected With Cease- fire In Algeria War . . . Pope Pledges To Send Michelange- lo's Pieta Statue To 1964 New York World's Fair . . . Polish Bishops Renew Demand For Investigation Of Illegal State Actions Against Church. April Archbishop Rummel excom- municated three New Orleans segregationist leaders--Mrs. B. J. Galliot, Jr., Jackson G. Ricau and Leander H. Perez, Sr.--for trying to block his or- der for racial integration of the archdiocese's C a t h o I i c schools. In his Easter message Pope John said Christ's Res- urrection inspires the Church's missionary effort and its "cour- ageous defense of the principles on which the edifice of human dignity and Christian civiliza- tion is founded." The National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington announced a five- year program to add 30 chap- els, install 56 tower bells, a chancel and a great organ. Death claimed: Bishop Jo- seph M. Gilmore, 69, of Hel- ena, Mont., in San Francisco. Enthroned we r e : Arch- bishop Joseph T. MeGucken of San Francisco; Bishop Charles H. Helmsing of Kan- sas City-St. Joseph, Mo.; Bishop Leo T. Maher of San- ta Rosa, Calif., after his con- (Continued on Page 7) SEATTLE traction, informed, conscious and well-received, t o w a r d care not to endanger it by any- brotherhood.., thing that could disrupt or "There have been few compromise it . . . times in the course of the "The constant endeavor of Christian era--20 eenturies in the four years of Our humble duration--when so ardent a service . . . is to act as the longing has been felt in ha- servant of the servants of God, man hearts for the unity de- who is in truth the Lord and sired by the Lord. Prince of Peace." "Such sensitivity as has been observed in this first presenta- Cardinal Implies: tion of the problem of religion to our contemporaries by Illlql14:#ll means of the council gathers muunmnnuum S all together in the imagery of the one fold and of the one shepherd." "That All May Be One" He exclaimed twice "that they may be one" and contin- ued: " 'That all may be one as Thou, Father, in me and I in Thee; that they also may be one in us, that the world may believe that Thou hast sent me' (John 17, 21). "This is the ultimate ex- planation of the miracle of love, begun in Bethlehem, of which the shepherds and the magi were the first fruits: the salvation of all men, their union in faith and charity, through the visible C h u r c h founded by Christ. "That they may be one. This is the design of Divine Provi- dence that we must put into effect, venerable brothers, and it rests a serious obligation upon each one's conscience. "On the day of iudgment, particular and general, each one will be asked, not whether he achieved unity, but whether he prayed and worked and suffered for it; whether he enforced a wise and prudent discipline, pa- tient and farseeing, and whether he was responsive to the impulses of charity. "This desire of the heart of Christ should be an invitation to us to dedicate ourselves a- new to the task of establishing among Catholics a firm and abiding love for and witness to that unity which is the first mark of the Church; and of helping, in the vast field of Christian denomination and be- yond, to bring about the unity toward which the aspirations of upright and generous souls reached out." Peace For All Men Pope John then said: "It is Our wish that this Christmas of 1962 should be one of deep- er, truer joy and peace of soul Illness Is 'Grave' ROME, Dec. 23 (Radio, NC)A close collaborat- or of His Holiness Pope John XXIII has used expressions in asking prayer for the Pontiff which imply a grave and almost hopeless illness. Agostino Cardinal Bea, S.,L, President of the Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity, asked prayers for the Pope with faith "which moves mountains." Speaking of the anxi.ety felt all over the world for the Pope's condition, the Cardinal said: "It is a question of whether we are really capable of the faith which moves mountains and of taking com- pletely seriously the words of Jesus: 'All things whatever you ask for in prayer, believ- ing you shall receive.' " Cardinal Bea recalled Christ's words that "all things are possible to him who believes" and went on to say that the Pope has been the first one to give the good example of faith. He said: "In the same way that the council was a groat act of faith for him, so he now without doubt looks upon his recent illness with unshakeable faith and trust in God, though always with due abandonment to the hands of God." Cardinal Boa concluded his statement by asking the maga- zine readers to exprs the same faith with the .prayer, "May the Lord preserve for a long time his life which is so precious for the e nti Church and indeed for all r ( humanity." Slum Dwellers Given Moral Atmosphere AUCKLAND, New Zealand (NC)  A priest who heads a ragpickers' center in Osaka, Japan, said here that the center was set up to provide some "Chris- tian charity and a moral at- mosphere" for the city's slum dwellers. Father Henri A u g m a r d, M.E.P., director since 1959 of the Gyokokai ragpickers' cen- ter in Osaka, said that al- though the people of the slums need food and clothes, it is more important to give them a job to "help them help them- selves and gain a little self- respect." The Paris Foreign Missioner has been in New Zealand for a month giving lectures, ser- mons and showing slides in Auckland, Wellington and in Christchurch. New Zealanders gave him $5,560 before he left December 15 for a 10-month tour of the United States, Cana- da and Europe. REV. HENRI AUGMARD, M.E.P. The Gyokokai (Dawn Light Association) was founded in 1956 by Father Robert Vallade, M.E.P., to help the most desti- tute of the 200,000 slum dwellers of Kobc. He started the Osaka branch in 1957. Archbishop Sets Record: Five Enthronements In Same DiOcese VICTORIA, B.C., Dec. 24 (NC) -- Enthroning bishops of Victoria is getting to be a habit for Archbishop W. M. Duke of Vancouver, B.C. Bishop Remi De Roo, new- ly enthroned Bishop of Vic- toria, is the fifth Ordinary of this See to be enthroned by 83-year-old Archbishop Duke, Metropolitan of the ecclesias- tical province of Vancouver. (The Most Reverend Thomas E. Gill, Auxiliary Bishop Se- attle, represented the Most Reverend Archbishop Connolly at the enthronement rites for Bishop De Roo). The other Bishops of Victoria enthroned over the years by Archbishop Duke are the late Bishop Gerald Murray, C.SS.R., in 1930; Bishop J. H. Mac- Donald, now Archbishop of Ed- monton, in 1933; Bishop J. C. Cody, now Bishop of London, Ont., in 1937; and the late Bish- op J. M. Hill, in 1946. Archbishop Duke's five en- thronements in the same dio- cese set a record for Canada.