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December 28, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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December 28, 1962

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TO ALL OUR READERS: May God Grant His Peace and Grace In 1963 Pope Stresses Peace To Diplomats: Asks That All Nations Christmas CHRISTMAS 1962 has its various customs and modes in various parts of the world. President Kennedy (left photo) officiates at the annual ceremony of lighting the national Christmas tree on the White House lawn in Wash- ington, D.C. The President said that 1962 was a "year of peril when peace was threatened but a year when that threat had been faced." He added that hopes for peace are a little brighter now but "we still need to ask that God's Will be done." Christmas, he declared, is the "most sacred and hopeful day of our civilization." And in Rome a fireman (center photo) is dwarfed as he climbs an aerial ladder high over the Piazza di Spagna to place a bou- is Still Christmas Whether In Washington, Rome or Moscow quet of flowers oll the towering statue of the Blessed Mother. Each year, flowers are placed by a fireman in the arms of the statue, which overlooks the rooftops of the Eternal City. Christmas is also marked in, of all places, Moscow. The photograph to the right was taken in one of the Russian capital's leading department stores. Tradition in Russia is strong enough to offset Communist anti-religious and proJatheist policies so at the very least Christmas can be observed as a secular holiday. --(Religious News Service Photos) _ Christian Nationwide Prayers Se t For Sunday Culture Series e Archbishops and bi,sh- 'xIY.-.2L-s-/----.- .- "r-a2"2 n__ I ops of the United States Official Newspaper for the Archdiocese of Seattle ruge o have set Sunday, Dec. 30, as a National Day of prayer and reparation for the persecuted of the world. In an official letter in today's Progress, Archbishop Connolly asks that prayers be offered in all churches and chapels in the Archdiocese of Seattle for people "both in Russia and in the sixteen countries that are still captive to Communism." A special prayer is suggested on Page 3 for the faithful in petitioning Our Lord in behalf of the suffering of the world. Headlines and Deadlines: Experience It Is Best Teacher By George Kramer, Ph.D. The years seem to be getting shorter all the time. The reason may not be that we are getting older, which we are, but that life is becoming m cluttered up with crises and frenzied activ- ity that the Hews weeks and the anah, s;s months slip by dr'U | II almost unno- ' ticed. There Is precious little oppor- tunity for reflection, much less meditation, to evaluate what is happening around us. But once a year at least we come to the end of a brief cycle and start another by wishing one another a Happy New Year. At the same time this causes us unconsciously to take a fleeting glance at the past 12 months. Then we try to peer into the future, wistfully, expectantly, hopefully, wishing that the next (Continued on Page 5) I In Today's i Progress . . . Catholic Pictorial Review of 1962 ................... 2 Thousands Throng Nativity Site for Mass Offered by Patriarch ............ 3 "Time-Savingitis" (Editorial) ............... 4 Your Story in Book of Life ............ 5 Blindness No Obstacle to Higher Learning ......... 7 Tacoma Teens Choose King and Queen ......... 8 C0uneiPs First Vol. 65--No. 53  41 Seaffle, Wash., Friday, December 28, 1962 Of All 1962 Events, The Council Was Greatest By William E. Ring (N.C.W.C. News Service) History will probably record 1962 as the year of the Second Vatican Councilthe 21st such official convention in Church history and the first in more than 90 years. With 2,600 prelates from all parts of the world in attendance, His Holi- ness Pope John XXIII convened the council at the Vatican on October 11. He adjourned the first session December 8, fixed September 8, 1963, for opening of the second session and set Christmas, 1963, as the target date for closing the council. The year 1962 will --Catholic schools were in- tegrated racially in New Or- leans and Atlanta, Go., with only minor disturbances. Three N e w Orleans segregationists were excommunicated for try- ing to block the integration plan. --The U.S. Supreme Court ruling that a prayer com- posed by a state board and recited in New York state public schools was uncoasti- be remembered also as the period when: tutional touched off a nation- wide controversy. --Congress, for the second straight year, adjourned with- out approving any major U. S. aid-to-schools legislation, as de- bate continued on the issue of assistance to private schools. --Pope John again broke precedent by enlarging the Sacred College of Cardinals to Believe Site of Sacred Bible Is Discovered the excavation, he said, ts that it allows a history with dates, worked out archaeo- logically, to be set back-te- back with an oral tradition that predates the writing of the Bible. The archaeologists who made the discovery came from Har- vard, the McCormick Theolog- ical Seminary, Chicago, Drew University, Madison, N.J., and some Other American and for- eign institutions, Wright said. The Drew-McCormick-Har- vard expedition was begun in 1956. The city of Sichem, with its 4,000 years of his- CAMBRIDGE, M a s s., Dec. 25 (NC)--a team of archaeologists believes it has uncovered the sa- cred site in the Biblical city of Sichem where Abra- ham and Jacob worshipped in the 19th century before Christ. Harvard University professor G. Ernest Wright said the site, which is mentioned in Genesis and reappears from time to time in the Old Testament, was uncovered this past sum- mer below the courtyard of Sichem's temple-fortress erect- ed over the site in about 1650 B.C. He said that the existence of such a site, where an altar to tory, now lies buried in a 10- acre mound just east of Nab- hs in Jordan, Wright said. Sichem is the first city men- tioned in the Bible. When Ab- raham and Jacob visited it, the city was a stronghold of an empire ruled from Egypt. the Lord and a sacred oak were located, was reported in an oral tradition kept alive by Israelite people for some 1,O00 years bcfore the Bible began to be written around the llth cen- tury before Christ. The major significance of HI1li[1iilii11111l]i1! A GOOD START-- YOU CAN help give The Progress a good start for the New Year by renewing your subscription NOW. Prompt renewals save mailing statements and much unproductive expense. Statements with the January and February due dates were mailed December 29. Session "Good" .......... 10 iiliH"Ii"iH"iiiiIIlIiIHHIIHiIIljiIIIIIilIHHIHIHtIlIitLIII 87 with the naming of 10 new members. --The Pope added four new saints to the Church's list by canonizing Martin de Pores, 17-century N e g r o Dominican Brother of Lima, Peru; Peter Julian Eymard, 19th-century Frenchman, founder of the Blessed Sacrament Fathers; and two Italians, Francis Croese of Camporosso, a Capu- chin, and Anthony Pucci, a Servite, who also lived in the 19th century. --The U.S. Church map was enlarged by the creation of the Province of Atlanta, Go., by raising Atlanta from a diocese to an archdiocese; establishing the new dioceses of Oakland, Stockton and Santa Rosa, Calif.; and by elevating the Vicariate Apostolic of Alaska to the Diocese of Fairbanks. --The name of St. Joseph was ordered included in the Canon of the Mass; the Pope decreed that all members of the College of Cardinals shall be bishops; the Pope re- ceived in audience l:rs. John F. Kennedy, the U.S. "first lady," Vice President Lyn- don B. Johnson and a num- ber of non-Catholic religious leaders. --The death list included Gaetano Cardinal Cicognani, Teodos'o Cardinal de Gouveia, Aloisius Cardinal Muench, Fa- ther Bernard R. Hubbard, S.J., famed "glacier priest", and Therese Neumann, 64, Konners- reuth, Germany, a stigmatic. Here are some of 1962's out- standing events: Last Days of 1961 His Holiness Pope John XXIII in his Christmas mes- sage pleaded with world lead- ers to "shun all thoughts of violence" and renew efforts for world peace. The Pope also issued a bull convoking the Second Vatican Council in 1962 but did not specify a date. New (Continued on Page 2) Prayerful LILIANO SILVERIO OF MIAMI, Fla., fingers her rosary beads as she awaits the return of her boy friend from imprisonment in Cas- tro's Cuba. He and two cousins were among Cuban invasion prisoners flown to Florida in exchange for food and medicine demanded by Fidel Castro. Share Space Programs VATICAN CITY, Dec. 24 (Radio, NC)His Holiness Pope John XXIII has called for support of existing international institutions for the "maintenance and firm establishment of peace." He has also urged that space programs be shared among all nations. Following his appeal to the world for peace i his traditional Christmas message December 22, Pope John received December 23 members of the diplo- matic corps accredited to the Holy See. In reply to a speech of greeting addressed to him by the ambassador of Belgium and dean of the diplomatic corps, Baron Prosper Poswick, the Pope pointed out that "public opinion has recognized that the Church is working for the interest of mankind." The Church's purpose, the Pontiff continued, is to help men fulfill their primary duty of acknowledging and worshipping God, "for it well knows that: the benefits men most earnestly seek are the consequence of that (duty): peace and genuine happiness in this world and the next." He reminded the representatives of 50 diplomatic missions th at the Church seeks no temporal dominion and that its purposes are not earthly alone. Instead, he noted, its hierarchy of values is stated in the Lord's Prayer. First, he sat.d, is "the name, the kingdom and the will of God, and after that the bread and needs of daily life." Whenever the Church is faithful to this pro- gram, he said, "the more efficacious is its work for the well being of humanity and above all for the cause of peace." Defines Policy Taking these words--"tl c.use of peace"-- as his theme, the Pope gvc a statement of the Church's policy in international diplomacy. He told the diplomats: "The cause of peace is your own, gentlemen, for are you not by pro- fession the craftsmen of negotiation, the enemies of hasty and violent solutio!Js to the difficul- ties between nations? But the cause of peace, to speak more truly, is the cause of the whole world. Pope John recalled how the events of the past year "gave cause for fear and trembling" and then spelled out a policy which made the diplo- mats sit forward with attention. He said: "One thing that is obviously essential for the maintenance and firm establishment of peace is that international law, based as it is on the natural law, should be respected by all on every occasion. Whoever strives to apply the rule of law to quarrels between states is working for the true good of men and per- forms a service that earn God's blessing. "It is a characteristic of the modern world that there do in fact exist at the imenatie,lal level instilutions which devote themselves to rite task of making law respected and of restraining violence. We have no hesitation in saying that it is everyone's duty to assure the success of their efforts." It is because of the efforts of such men who foster peace, the Pontiff said, "that mankind can devote itself in a noble rivalry not only to the great economic and social tasks that con- front it, but also to the further exploration Of the universe and to the daring achievements Of modern technology." Every Mastery Is Applauded Every mastery over the forces of nature is applauded by the Church, he added. Pope John also expressed the wish that the development of space programs be shared among nations, saying: "May the year about to begin witness many more of these peaceful conquests of the genius of man. And may God deign to inspire the or- ganizers of these great space enterprises with the idea of associating in their projects and dis coveries brave and able men of every race and nation. In doing this they will be working effec- tively for the brotherhood and peace which a the object of the wishes and prayers of all.", Peace And Unity Tenor Of Pontiff's Message By Patrick Riley VATICAN CITY, Dec. 22(Radio, NC) His Holi- ness Pope John XXIII, in a world-girdling broad- cast marking the birth of the Prince of Peace, repeated the peace appeal he launched at the height of the Cuban crisis and remarked that his word had not been "wasted on the air," He also asserted that the S e c o n d Vatican Ecumenical Council has resulted in the "spontaneous revelation, al- most unexpected by most peo- ple," of a sense of Christian unity and brotherhood. He likened the council's first sessionl from October 11 to December 8, to a "bright bea- con" inviting all Christians "from the farthest comers of the world to heed the call of the Son of God made Man, the Child of Bethlehem." He also likened this invita- tion of the council to the song of the angels on Christmas ,night. "... To Preserve Peace" He quoted from his impas- sioned plea for peace of Octo- ber 25 when Soviet merchant- men carrying nuclear weapons were steaming toward a Cuba blockaded by U. S. warships. At that time the Pope said: "We beg all governments not to be deaf to this cry of man- kind. Let them do all in their power to preserve peace." In his Christmas message he said: "The recollection of this appeal is nil the more joyful for Us, venerable brothers and dear children, beeanse of the clear signs of deep under- standing which show that the words were not wasted on the air, but touched minds and hearts and are serving to open up new prospects of broiherly trust and to hold out bright hopes of true so- cial and international peace,, ' Pope John continued: "On the subject of these hap- py developments in national (Continued on Page 2) ' i Anniversary Mass for Bishop O'Dea Set An anniversary Mass for the repose of the soul of the M0st Reverend ldward John O'Dea, third Bishop of Seattle. will be celebrated at 8:15 a.m, Friday, Jan. 4, in St. James Cathedral. Celebrant will be the Most Reverend Thomas A. ConnoUy, Archbishop of Seattle. Priests, religious and laity are invited to assist at the Mass "in gratitude toward the beloved Bishop for his years: of labor among them." St. Patrick Choir Will Appear In Tacoma Concert THIS 33-VOICE St. Patrick Boys' Choir of Tacoma will Hill and Mike O'Brien; (second row) John Bonica, Joe join the Town and Gown Liturgical Choir in a Christmas Wilson, Bill Lasby, Charles Vincent, Dan Turnbull, ,n, Concert at 4 pan. Sunday, Dec. 30, in Bellarmine High thony Renggli, James Vincent and Charles Kent; G School's MacAstocker Auditorium. Open free to the public, the concert is entitled "The Fifth Day of Christmas." St. Patrick choristers, comprised of sixth and seventh grade pupils in the parish school, are directed by Miss Joyce Wolover (left). They (from left) include (first row) Guy Zoller, Blaise Hagen, Mike Moon, Kevin Cdlaghan, Richard Eltrich, Eugenio Bigornia, Lee Nelson, Frank Hubka, Chris Fredericks, Anthony Riccobono, Mark Morgan, Mike Wig- gilt, John Cvitovich, Bob Schwarr, Jim Bennecker and PSt Leonard; (back row) Thomas Disbro, John Adams, J0hm Heinrick, Douglas Graham, Lonnie Weir, Dan Moore and Ronald Glassburn. Directed by Mrs. Henry Hellenkarnp the Town and Liturgical Choir lists 20 la adult singe from every parish in Tacoma. (Photo by Bob Treleven) i,