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Catholic Northwest Progress
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December 25, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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December 25, 1964

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Missionaries in Sudan Danger KAMPALA, Uganda (NC)  Blood rioting be- tween Negroes and Arabs in the Sudanese capital of Khar- toum early in December has posed new threats to the small number of Christian missiona- ries remaining in that country. Mobs of Arabs stormed into the Negro quarter in Khartoum shouting "No more priests!" and "Burn all the churches!" Several mission buildings were burned and nearly 200 persons died before the street fighting , ended. The Arab press added fuel to the violent feelings by de- claring that missionaries were "the only (ones) responsible for the incidents." The smoldering animosity be- tween the two racial groups exploded when a large group of Negroes assembled at the Khartoum airport to greet In- terior Minisler Clement Mboro, a Negro and a Catholic. As they waited, a Negro boy was struck and killed at the air- port by a car driven by an Arab. Infuriated, the crowd at- tacked and burned the car, then marched into the city at- e. tacking both whites and Arabs. A short time later, the mob ran into a large crowd of Arabs near an American Protestant mission in Khartoum. As the fighting spread, many Negroes fled into the mission compound for safety. They were followed by Arabs who broke up a church service in progress, forcing those inside to escape back into the streets where many of them were beaten or killed. The mission and its li. brary were burned. A Catholic school was the next target for the rioters. For four hours during the first day of fighting, furious Arabs huffed stones and missiles at the ex- terior of Cambem College be- fore government troops re- stored order. Two other Catholle missions near the city were attacked and burned by the Arab crowds. Some of the mob leaders were urging a return to the practice of the Mahdi theocracy (1881-98) when mill- tant Moslems in the Sudan overthrew British and Egyp- tian rule, killing nearly aH the Christian missionaries. On the following days, Ne- groes were hunted through the slreets of Kbartoum by Arabs. Thousands of Negroes were herded into a sports stadium by police for protection. By week's end it was reported that many Neeroes were returning to the southern part of the country where they are in the majority, a movement which may result in a de facto ra- cial separation in what is Afri- ca's largest nation geographi- cally. The Arab-controlled central government announced the ap- pointment of a commission to investigate the riots. N EA Discloses Plans For School Aid Push WASHINGTON (NC) -- The National Education Association has fired the opening gun in what it said will be a major assault to win massive Feder- al aid for public schools this year. The association, whose 903,- 0O0 members make it the coun- t' try's biggest professional or- ganization, wants $1.5 billion spent annually to help public schools. Robert McKay of Burlin, game, Calif., chairman of the NEA's legislative commission, told newsmen December 16 the association favors alloca- tion of $1.25 billion each year to the states on no-strings- , attached basis. States could de- : termine how the Federal funds would be spent. K' Ntrohal Education Trust Fund would disperse the U.S. tax funds. The NEA also favors near- ly doubling from its present $300 million a year level the Federal program of aid to so- called impacted areas. Under this program, public school districts in areas judged to be crowded by children of Federal employes get federal assistance. Money from this Now It's 'Under God' Bumper Stickers '= PARK RIDGE, N.J. (NC)-- Controversy over flying the '.'.One Ntion Under God" pen- nants in New Jersey towns has boomed sales of an allied item @bumper stickers. Within two weeks, the Young Republican Club here reported it sold more than 500 of an as- signment of 1,000. "The re- sponse has been wild," accord- ihg to George Young of the club. Meanwhile, the list of towns joining the pennant parade Continued to grow. Latest to a,lthorize flying the pennants are utler, Clifton, Fort Lee, l'nToln Park, Montville and Wanaque. The pennant flying originated in Hasbrouck Heights a little more than a month -" ago. In another development stem- ming from the controversy, the board of education in Lodi authorized public schools to provide a minute for silent prayer at the beginning of each school day. program goes into every state and 321 of the 437 Congression- al districts. In response to reporters' questions, McKay said he hoped civil rights problems and the issue of aiding children in parochial schools will "not prove to be stumbling blocks to this kind of legislation." J. L. McCaskill, executive secretary of the commission, told newsmen the plan of giv- ing states a flat amount with- out instructions in its use would permit states to deter- mine if private schools should receive aid. "Our proposal leaves the definition of public education to each state which we believe is as it should be," said Me-. caskill , The .majority '.f the states are 'ohihited by either con- stitutional or statutory provi- sions from channeling money to private schools or their pu- pils. In nearly 20 states, for example, the U.S. Agriculture Department deals directly with private schools in operation of the school lunch program. McCaskill noted the legal suit in Maryland in which state grants to four church- affiliated schools are being challenged by a public school group supported financially in part by the NEA. "This suit could solve the whole issue (of Federal aid to parochial and other private schools) and certainly will solve it on the state level," he said. The Federal government now spends about $3 billion a year on a variety of aid to educa- tion on all levels. President Johnson is known to be going over the propo- sals of a "task force on education" which has framed suggestions for his legislat- ive program The contents of the report and members of the task force have been kept secret. McKay said the NEA's pro- posals bad not been presented to the President and it "re- mains to be seen what the ad- ministration will think of them." The NEA also will support this year a plan to provide Federally financed e o 1 ! e g e scholarships and fellowships to train teachers. McCaskill said the NEA will not object to use of these aids at the school of the recipient's choice. : Coadjutor Abbot Will Be Chosen : OLYMPIA  Election of a coadjutor abbot for St. Martin's Abbey will be held Wednesday, Dec. 30, here. The election comes with the lermission of the Holy See through the request of Rt. Rev. Raphael Heider, OSB, Abbot Of St. Martin's since 1943. ;.. In Today's] :Progress h i964 Year of Change ...... 2 SU Grad Is Vietnam Hero 3 Keep Trying (Editorial) .... 4 Grandparents Take Over Child-Rearing .............. 5 Happy New Year to You .... 6 How Track Meet Was Arranged ................... 8 The Rt Rev Denis Stritt- matter, OSB, Arehabbot of St. Vineent's Archabbey, La. trobe, Pa., will preside at the election to be enndueted by all Benedictine priests be- longing to the monastic com- munity Archabbot Denis is president of the American Cassinese Congregation of Benedictines. Preliminaries of the election will take place December 29 and the election proper the fol- lowing day. Abbot Raphael will con- tinue to hold a place of hon- or in the community by ranking first in order at cer- tain monastic funetions. The coadjutor, after his elec- tion has been confirmed hy the Holy See, will take over the responsibility of day-to-day administration of the abbey. POPE SCORES RACISM: Christmas Message Urges Disarmament By James C. O'Neill looks, exclusive interests and 41 VATICAN CITY--Pope self-sufficient ambitions, if not Vol. 67, No. 52 Seattle, Wash. Friday, Dec. 25, 1964 Paul VI's 1964 Christmas greedy and overbearing forms message to the world of imperialism. This enemy of human brothezhood is today warned against excessive gaining strength." IN THE WHITE HOUSE nationalism, racism and To offset exclusive nation- militarism es obstacles to at- alism, the Pope said: raining the great reality of "We appeal to governments brotherhood of all mankind, and people to be watchful and Creche In Eas00 Room In his December 22 broad-tomoderatethisfacileinstinet ' cast over Vatican Radio, the of prestige and rivalry. Pope said his recent trip to As for racism, he deelared India confirmed "what Chris- it "separates and opposes the tianity has been saying for can- different branches eonstitut. turies . . . all men ere broth, ing the great human family, ' ors." resulting in pride, mistrust, To foster brotherhood the exclusivism, discrimination Pope urged promotion of pru- and sometimes even oppres- deuce by magnanimous dis- sion, thus ruining the mutual armament and at the same respect and due esteem which time a drive to overcome the ought to turn the diverse world's hunger, misery, sick. ethnical groups into a peace. ness and ignorance. Moreover, ful concert of brotherly he called for respect for the peoples." beliefs of others and the true Moreover, he warned against freedom of the exercise of the "a militarism no longer religion of one's choice, focused on the legitimate de- The Pope began by extend- tense of the countries con. ing Christmas wishes to all corned" or "dedicated to the the faithful and then also "to preservation of world peace. all men of all ages, of all He said militarism is leading countries, and of all beliefs to stock piles of weapons ever . . This year the message more powerful and destructive. we address to all our hearers He warned that this con- is one of brotherhood, a sumes "enormous quamities of brotherhood which is more money and manpower, feeds meaningful, is more accepted, the public mind on the thought more universal, than the of power and war and induces type which now unites men." men to make mutual fear the Among other obstacles to treacherous and inhuman basis brotherhood the Pope listed of world peace." class barriers and the spirit of With reference to these devel- division and strife which today opments, the Pontiff affirmed are stamping our society "wi/h "we have no hesitation in ex- tragic and bitter marks of di- pressing our hopes that the vision and hatred. Men are not rulers of nations will find a happy because they do not live way to prcnnote, prudently and as brothers." magnanimously, the process of The Pope noted that some disarmament." He then ear- may ask "is not religion a me- Tied this idea one step further tire for the division among by stating: men? And especially the Cath- "We would like to see a olic religion, so dogmatic, so generous minded investigation demanding and so discriminat- of how--at least in part and ing?" by states--military expendi. His answer was "Yes." But tures could be devoted to he added: "It is not of its very humanitarian ends; and this nature a divisive element . . . (Continued on Page 3) It is not the nature of religion to opposeitselftopeople. Itis oly La d in behalf of people, of their H n fundamental aspirations to God, and their right to manifest this externally inaworthyformof Marks Birh worship" that religion works. He added: It is for the .t , .t"l'r:s* Church to express its sorrow ............. ._ when these activities are "im- JERUSALEM (NC)-'. peded, hindered, forbidden, and ' even punished by focea of The Holy Land of Pales, public power." fine, sharply divided by IN A WINDOW ALONG the long wall of the East Room in the executive mansion is The Pope said he wished to religion and politics, has proclaim what the Church once again paused to hon- a manger scene made up of 42 individual 18th Century Neopolitan figures. The figures, has continued to proclaim: or the birth of Him who came made in Naples of terra cotta and carved wood, represent the Holy Family, angels, "Justice and religious liberty on earth to bring peace to men shepherds, peasants, kings and animals. The tableau is a pyramid in shape and rises well understood." This in- of good will. against the background of a green velvet curtain in the ballroom window. Golden drape- eludes safeguards against an- On Christmas Eve, hundreds , ries are on either' side and white azaleas for a base. The art work was loaned by Mrs. dermining "the foundation of of pilgrims passed from Israel Howell Howard of New York City, an artist and collector of antique figures, the beliefs of others when into Jordan and traveled the they are not contrary to the 19 miles from here to Bethle- common good"; against im- hem to observe Christmas at 320 Missioners About Shared Time: posing "a faith not really ac- the Church of the Holy Nativity. copter" and against the use According to long tradition, of "odious discrimination or the Latin-rite celebration began In Aft ey Gene I undeservodvexations." at theChurchofSt. Catherine, Congo '()rn ra Moreover, he said there is adjacent to the main shrine, Trouble Zones also demanded "the promoting After the chanting of Lauds and of respect for whatever is good Matins, Latin-rite Patriarch/d-/. ROME (NC)--There were still Sees No Barrier aod trueineveryreligionend bertoGori, O.F.M..ofJerusa- about 320 Catholic men and wo- in every human opinion, with lem offered Mass at midnight, men missioners in the rebel: the special intention of promot- then led a procession bearing a ing civil concord and collab- figure of the infant Jesus to the controlled regions of the Congo OLYMPIA, Wash. (NC) rectors of a school district, if oration in every sort of aetiv- spot where tradition says He in early December, the mission ,, news agency Fides said here. Shared time school pro- it so desires, from admitting ity." was born nearly 20 centuries Its information came from DIA, grams, in which nonpublic nonpublic school students to The Pope declared this today ago. certain public school classes on Throughout Christmas day, the Leopoldville Catholic news school students attend some a regular basis, he stated, is more than ever our pro- gram, convinced as we are Masses were offered at the service, public school classes, face no "Whether or not such a that the world needs love, needs Grotto of the Nativity in Beth- The Fides report lists 36 legal barriers in the state of program would be feasible or lehem. ' Catholic missioners killed in Washington, Atty. Gen. John J. practicable is a matter which to break the bonds of selfish-., the recent massacres in the O'Connell bus ruled, must be decided by each ness within itself and needs to In the Iraell sector of Jeru- Congo, along with two Prates- However, O'Connell said in board of directors," O'Con- embark on a sincere, ever in- salem, midnight Mass was of- tents, Dr. Paul Carlson and the reply to questions from state nell added, creasing, universal brother- fared at the Benedictine Moa. superintendent of public instruc- He said shared time plans hood. theaSterYAmericanf theHolyDOrmitlon,Land Col-at Rev. Joseph Tucker. For 30 Years tion Louis Bruno, local school give only indirect benefit to In treating of the major ob- Three European Women ar- lege chapel, the Church Of riving in Leopoldville from SENORA EUGENIA Angel districts may not claim state non-public schools while at the statics to brotherhood the po,,e Notre Dame de France and at Bafwasende, a town 150 miles de Velez of MedeUin, Colom. school funds for students attend- same time serving the state's stated that nationalism John the Baptist Church ill northeast of Stanleyville, re- bia, has provided the hosts ing less than a full school day. interest in providing "equal sides people, putting them in Ein Karem. The attorney general noted education for all children resid- opposition to one another." Na- In Nazareth. to ihe north, portedtages ofthatthe14rebelsmiSsionarYwere slainhs" used at all Eucharistic Con- that under the state constitu- ing within the school district." tionalism leads to "closed out- Melkite-rite Bishop GecrRes gresses -- regional, national there. Miss Louise Rimmer, tion and state law all children Among precedents for such Hakim of Acre celebrated Mass 66, Miss Oliver McCarten, 30, and international -- that have a right to attend public programs he noted that under a On Feas'" Da dredsat the Melkiteof Latin-riteCathedral'pilgrimsHUn" both of London, and Mrs. Do. have come to her attention, school on a fulltime basis. 1963 law school districts may lena Burkof Cangary Alberta, She provided all the hosts "There is no constitutional or permit nonpublie school stu- went to Nazareth through the A chbish p Christian Pilgrimage ARency arrived in Lenpoldville along for the Eucharistic Congress statutory barrier which would dents to enroll in high school r O sponsored by Bishop Hakim. with 11 Italian nuns. just held in Bombay, limit or prohibit a board of di- driver education courses. Little of Tru Peace This Yuletid Off M Many ofthemwerepresentf0r e e ers ss a midnight Mass offered at the parish church of St. Joseph A Semina y there. r Most of the non-Catholic Ily Georqe N. Kramer, Ph, D. Christmas s e a s o n. To omit, not, prevail because men at tary premier since last Jan. 20 Eastern Churches- the Greek To those who read this however, the central word from large lack good will or because until three months ago, when His Excellency the Most and Syrian Orthodox Churches, week's early edition we the h o I i d a y period seems they do not first give glory to agitation for a civilian govern- Reverend Thomas A. Con- the Copts and Armenians--will strangely hollow. God in the highest, according ment resulted in his appoint- nelly, Archbishop of So- observe Cbristmas January 6. wish a Blessed, Peaceful The significance of the new to the message delivered On the ment to what corresponded to attle, o f f e r e d Mass at St. and Merry Christmas! expression is not entirely first Christmas morn? Defense Minister in charge of Thomas the Apostle Seminary Fortunate for us that momen- clear, but if it is the begin- 'Younq Turks' all armed forces. Chapel Monday morning, Dec. Cafholic Agency tarily, at least, the world seems ning of a trend to obscure the At present the U.S. advis- 29, marking the feast day of to stand still, thus affording an essential meaning of Christ- Probably at the top of world ory officials in Saigon refuse St. Thomas the Apostle l'ds pa- Tops In Cuban . opportunity to step aside from, mas or even to overshadow news this week is the latest of the mad whirl of everyday rou- it, the Happy Holiday bit is a series of incomprehensible to meet with the "Young tron saint and the seminary's. tine. to be deplored, charges that have occurred in Turks" until they restore the The traditional event was at- Refugee Effor The indescribable a u r a of And so, in the true and ori- South Vietnam during the past High National Council and re- tended by the student 0ody MIAMI, Fla. (NC)-.Catholie Christmas is unique, apart from ginal meaning of the celebra- year. lease some 20 civilians they who, according to the n e w Relief Services--National Cath- the phenomenon of shopping for tion, let us resolve to keep A surprise weekend purge, have arrested. Eucharistic fast, were permit- olie Welfare Conference has gifts. Christmas has a meaning Christ in Christmas. which resulted in the dissolu- Placing on it the mildest in- ted to have breakfast at 7 registered and resettled more all its own. Throughout the world, there tion of the civilian High Na- terpretation possible, the rapid o'clock and receive Communion than twice as many Cuban refu- The ventral theme, of no- tional Council, was engi- turnover in government there at the 6 o'clock Mass. gees as all other agencies com- cessity, must be ,the eom- seems to be precious little of neared and executed by nine seems to point in the direction Guest at the ceremony was bined, according to govern- memoration of the birth of what may be called real peace, of final disaster, because no the Very Rev. John P. Me- the Prince of Peace, else it even though open armed con- y o u n g Vietnamese military ment figures. officers known as the "Young success in the bloody guerrila Cormiek, S.S., rector of the A report by the Cuban Refu- is nothing, flict as we usually picture it is Turks." warfare against the Viet Cong Theological College of the gee Center, a Department of For that reason, we call to not very extensive. This was the sixth political seems feasible if there is no Catholic University of Amer- Health, Education and Welfare a disconcerting observation this Among the nations, how- upheaval within the past 14 stability in the capital, iea, Washington, D.C., and agency here, said that since year regarding the widespread ever, political, sue i a ! and months. Backcjroulld former president of St. Ed- J'anuary, 1961, 118,171 refugees use of the expression "Happy economic differences have de- At deadline, the news is that Although at this writing Pro- ward Seminary, Kenmore. had registered with CRS -- Holidays" instead of the fatal- veloped into enmities, while Lt. Gem Nguyen Khanh has mier Tran Van Huong has not After the Holy Sacrifice and NCWC and 50,290 bad been re- liar "M e r r y Christmas" or in the halls of the so-called been ousted as commander of resigned, there is a probability the recitation of the Itinerar- settled by the U.S. Catholic re- similar traditional greeting. "last best hope of mankind" the armed forces and that the that he may do so, despite the ium (Prayer for a safe Jour- lief agency. True, the glad season is not dissension appears to, be the lea d i n g Vietnamese generals strong position he bus assumed nay), the seminarians left for For other agencies, the totals intended to be restricted to a order of the day.  are jockeying for position, ever since he took office as their respective homes a n d were 56,773 refugees registered single day, but to the entire Could it be that peace does Khanh had served as mill- (Continued on Page 5) their Christmas vacation, and 34,799 resettled. A /