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Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
December 12, 1947     Catholic Northwest Progress
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December 12, 1947
 

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The CATHOLIC NORTHWEST PROGRESS Page Seventy Seven , Deal:h Comes To Chungli By FRANKY,U Condensed from The China Monthly, New York) THE Cs, tholie Cathed,, maguificent | building standing in the centre of Chunglii contrasted sharply with the small, low, earthen huts below it. Its bell rang serenely, and the Catholics, who made up 90 per cent of the entire population, were heeding its call to attend their usual morning Mass. All was calm and fran- C qUi]. There was no warning of any kind a*ainst the horrible massacre that was to break loose within a few hours. iAt dusk, three Communist brigades, numbering at least 6,000 converged on the town, which was defended by several lmndred men of thd local vigilance corps. The vigilance men were quickly round- e d up and driven into the seminary, the only large building in the area. Outnum- bered fifteen to one, they were easily overcome by the attackers, who consti- tuted the main force of the Communists in that district. Some guards retreated and made good their escape, but about 2000 were trapped. The seminary was immediately put to the torch by the Com- munists. Several of the doomed men climbed out through the windows, surviving wit- nesses said, but they were tossed back into the burning building The other Cath- olic establishments were also set on fire, including the almshouse and the bishop's residence. Ten of the 34 inmates of the almshouse, all over 60 years old, ' perished in the blaze. While the Cathedral and the other HOQUIAM GREETINGS IF, ST. COAST PLYWOOD CO. MANUFACTURERS OF TRU-BILT PLYWOOD PORT DOCK HOQM. 1840 @ ALLMAH-HUBBLE TUGBOAT C0. General and Coastwise Towing 717 Levee Phone Hoqm. 6;17 i KNACK MFG. CO. CABINET MAKERS DOORS - SASHES 115 M St. Phone Hoqm. 1245 GREETING S For the Best Bread DEMAND HOLSUM HOQI.IlAM - ABERDEEN ANDY'S MOTORCYCLE SHOP Body and Fender Repair MASONIC TEMPLE BLDG. i 724 K Street Phone Hoqm. 561 N. & A. CABINET WORKS :Manufacturers of Kitchen Cabinets - Corner Cabinets Doors - MIIIwork - Glass On Easy Payments 2017 Simpson Ave. Hoqulam 1475 BISHOP'S GROCERY Groceries Bakery Goods Fruits and Vegetables FRESH and CURED MEATS 356 Emerson Phone Hoqm. 32 Grayport Transfer & Storage Co. 601 Ninth Phone Hoqm. 520 CARTWRIGHrS JEWELRY Jewelry Manufacturing - Watch & Jewelry I Repairing WATCHES - CLOCKS DIAMONDS- SILVERWARE 707 Simpson Ave. Hoqm. ,78 Home Grocery & Meat Co. : Comllete Stk Staple and Fancy Groceries Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Bakery Goods $RD and "K" STS. HOUIAM 208 BOWER'S PHARMACY Lincoln and Chenault Sts. Hoqulam 868 PRESCRIPTIONS - DRUGS Fountain Service . School Supplies SUB. POST OFFICE The Only Drug Store in the North End C. E, BOWER, Prop. e 704 Hoquiam Concrete Co. CONTRACTORS House Ralslng and Repalrlng Concrete Work of All Kinds Concrete Foundation Blocks For Sale Estimates Given "M" St. Ph. Hoqm. 1767 Root Paint and Glass Co. Painting - Decorating - Wallpaper Window Glass SAFETY AUTO GLASS Murphy Paints and Varnishes For All Occasions 508 Simpson Ave. Hoqm: 997 SMITH'S MILK-end ICE CREAM HOQUIAM 462 ] e HARRY S. ELWAY PLUMBING and HEATING 2709 Slmpslt Phone Hoqm. 289 i ii NORTH END GROCERY FRESH and LUNCH MEATS REFRIGERATED VEGETABLES Delivery ervlce PROPRIETARY DRUG8 18 Lincoln St. Hoqm. 891 PICK-RITE GROCERY Staple 'and Fancy Groceries Fruits and Vegetables Quality Meats "Phone For Food" . We Deliver 701 Monroe St. Hoqm. 181 SEASON'S GREETINGS ' D A R T'S Catholic Prayer Books - Gifts OFFICE EQUIPMENT Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Dart 171 Simpson Ave. Hoqm. 776 buildings were burning, bands of Com- munist soldiers began rounding up those who, in their eyes, were "hostile" to Communism. These "hostile" elements constituted almost the whole local popu- lation of 3,000. Half of the 3,000, fearing the worst, had fled to the nearby mountains. But those left were herded together by the invaders, and some were tied in groups. The Com- munists decided to teach these Catholics a convincing lesson. The spacious court- yard of the bishop's residence was chosen as the setting. So, on the night of De- cember 9, 1946, with the huge blaze of lhe burning Cathedral and other buildings to' light the scene, one of the bloodiest massacres in history was enacted. These inhuman Comnmnists and their agents made no distinction on the grounds of sex or age. They subjected all to their fiendish hate. Besides killing some in the usual way, by means of rifle fire, the machine gun and the bayonet, they de- vised new ways of liquidating those who dared to think other than they did. They strangled many; they stripped others to the skin and let them freeze to death in the December cold; they bashed in the heads of others with large pieces of rock, while they tied some to poles and beat them to death. They made some of the women suffer an even worse fate. They violated them, then killed them. And having put them to death, they desecrated the bodies of not a few of their victims. GRAYS HARBOR VENEER, INC. HOQUIAMf WASH. Manufacturers of Fruit and Vegetable Package Material SCOffS FOOD MARKET Simpson Ave. Hoqm. 0 GROCERIES - MEARS FRESH FRUITS & PRODUCE ]Delivery Service SCOffS WEST END GROCERY GROCERIES - MEATS FRESH PRODUCE .Delivery Service Phone HoQ. ' Corner Emerson and "L" Sta. HAY'S DAIRY, Inc. HOMOGENIZED MILK Pasteurized Cream  Butter Cottage and American Cheese PHONE 124 F. G. FOster Company Incorporated WHOLESALE HARDWARE Iron and Steel, Pipes and Fittings LOGGING and MILL SUPPLIESf WIRE ROPE, BELTING, HOUSEHOLD FURNISHINGS Robert Gray Shingle Co. Manufacturers of RED CEDAR SHINGLES WHOLESALE & RETAIL Phone Hoqm. 718 Hoquiam Electric Co. Electrical Contractors 20 8th St. Phone Hoqm. 400 They skinned one child who was about 14 years old, from the scalp to the breast. They chopped a young man's body into pieces in the process of removing his heart. During this macabre scene, they forced those still alive to stand and watch their butchery until their turn came. A great many fainted while watching the dying agony of their friends and relatives. The toll of this wholesale slaughter, which" lasted three days, was estimated at about 500 civilians, including 15 old men, a few children, and a number of' women. In addition, 300 vigilance guards were killed or burned to death. Another 1500 civilians and some hundred vigilance corps members were taken away by the Communists when they retreated on De- cember 12. About 200 of them were later killed, or allowed to freeze to death. When we correspondents arrived at this small town on December 80, 18 days after the massacre. Four bare walls and the main pillars were all that was left of the 30-year-old Cathedral, with its bell still hanging iron- ically high up on the facade. The main hall, hich accommodated more than 1,000, was nothing but a heap of debris and ashes. A fev bullet holes were still visible on the pillars. To the left of the Cathedral was the bishop's residence. In the large court- yard surrounding it, there still lay some 250 Corpses, all frozen hard. The bullet holes, bayonet cuts, wounds, aud various disfigurements were evidence that the Communists had used a variety of means in slaughtering their victims. In the middle of the yard there were Beveral coffins..One of them was un- usually large. Inside it was a big heap ef ashes, black and putrid. That was what was left' of the flesh and bones of those who were trapped in the burning Cathedral. In the backyard of the compound was another group of about 30 bodies. These were slain militiamen. Their remains re- vealed that they had been subjected to prolnged torture. One had his eyes smashed. His eyeballs had been forced out. Fther Hsu, Catholic priest, and two farmers were among those the Commu- nists carried away with them. Many thus carried away died of cold and exposure. Some were killed for refming tO continue the forced trip. While we' were interview trig the local citizens, a late report came a that about 100 bodies had been dis- covered at the foot of a mountain some 1 miles east of Chungli. It was evident that death had been dealt out ruthlessly and indiscriminately. For example, a sick peasant, who had come to Chungli from a neighboring town to see the nurse in the Catholic clinic, since it was the only one with medical facilities in that part of the province, was caught in the slaughter and lost his life without knowing why. "The Chungll massacre was a show of horror, aimed at terrifying the people," said General Fu Tso-yt, Commander of the Twelfth War Zone, in the press con- ference after the correspondents had toured the scene. The 20 correspondents who witnessed the actual scene could find no other explanation for the tragcdy. ELMA STRUBEL & GLANCEY MERCANTILE CO. Fresh and Cured Meats Groceries, Flour, Feed and Hardware Member Red &, White Chain Stores Corp. MINARD & CO. HARDWARE, FURNITURE, GROCERIES, MEATS, FEEDS, IMPLEMENTS it "If YOU Get It at Mlnard's It'e Good" .qT The CATHOLIC NORTHWEST PROGRESS Page Seventy Seven , Deal:h Comes To Chungli By FRANKY,U Condensed from The China Monthly, New York) THE Cs, tholie Cathed,, maguificent | building standing in the centre of Chunglii contrasted sharply with the small, low, earthen huts below it. Its bell rang serenely, and the Catholics, who made up 90 per cent of the entire population, were heeding its call to attend their usual morning Mass. All was calm and fran- C qUi]. There was no warning of any kind a*ainst the horrible massacre that was to break loose within a few hours. iAt dusk, three Communist brigades, numbering at least 6,000 converged on the town, which was defended by several lmndred men of thd local vigilance corps. The vigilance men were quickly round- e d up and driven into the seminary, the only large building in the area. Outnum- bered fifteen to one, they were easily overcome by the attackers, who consti- tuted the main force of the Communists in that district. Some guards retreated and made good their escape, but about 2000 were trapped. The seminary was immediately put to the torch by the Com- munists. Several of the doomed men climbed out through the windows, surviving wit- nesses said, but they were tossed back into the burning building The other Cath- olic establishments were also set on fire, including the almshouse and the bishop's residence. Ten of the 34 inmates of the almshouse, all over 60 years old, ' perished in the blaze. While the Cathedral and the other HOQUIAM GREETINGS IF, ST. COAST PLYWOOD CO. MANUFACTURERS OF TRU-BILT PLYWOOD PORT DOCK HOQM. 1840 @ ALLMAH-HUBBLE TUGBOAT C0. General and Coastwise Towing 717 Levee Phone Hoqm. 6;17 i KNACK MFG. CO. CABINET MAKERS DOORS - SASHES 115 M St. Phone Hoqm. 1245 GREETING S For the Best Bread DEMAND HOLSUM HOQI.IlAM - ABERDEEN ANDY'S MOTORCYCLE SHOP Body and Fender Repair MASONIC TEMPLE BLDG. i 724 K Street Phone Hoqm. 561 N. & A. CABINET WORKS :Manufacturers of Kitchen Cabinets - Corner Cabinets Doors - MIIIwork - Glass On Easy Payments 2017 Simpson Ave. Hoqulam 1475 BISHOP'S GROCERY Groceries Bakery Goods Fruits and Vegetables FRESH and CURED MEATS 356 Emerson Phone Hoqm. 32 Grayport Transfer & Storage Co. 601 Ninth Phone Hoqm. 520 CARTWRIGHrS JEWELRY Jewelry Manufacturing - Watch & Jewelry I Repairing WATCHES - CLOCKS DIAMONDS- SILVERWARE 707 Simpson Ave. Hoqm. ,78 Home Grocery & Meat Co. : Comllete Stk Staple and Fancy Groceries Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Bakery Goods $RD and "K" STS. HOUIAM 208 BOWER'S PHARMACY Lincoln and Chenault Sts. Hoqulam 868 PRESCRIPTIONS - DRUGS Fountain Service . School Supplies SUB. POST OFFICE The Only Drug Store in the North End C. E, BOWER, Prop. e 704 Hoquiam Concrete Co. CONTRACTORS House Ralslng and Repalrlng Concrete Work of All Kinds Concrete Foundation Blocks For Sale Estimates Given "M" St. Ph. Hoqm. 1767 Root Paint and Glass Co. Painting - Decorating - Wallpaper Window Glass SAFETY AUTO GLASS Murphy Paints and Varnishes For All Occasions 508 Simpson Ave. Hoqm: 997 SMITH'S MILK-end ICE CREAM HOQUIAM 462 ] e HARRY S. ELWAY PLUMBING and HEATING 2709 Slmpslt Phone Hoqm. 289 i ii NORTH END GROCERY FRESH and LUNCH MEATS REFRIGERATED VEGETABLES Delivery ervlce PROPRIETARY DRUG8 18 Lincoln St. Hoqm. 891 PICK-RITE GROCERY Staple 'and Fancy Groceries Fruits and Vegetables Quality Meats "Phone For Food" . We Deliver 701 Monroe St. Hoqm. 181 SEASON'S GREETINGS ' D A R T'S Catholic Prayer Books - Gifts OFFICE EQUIPMENT Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Dart 171 Simpson Ave. Hoqm. 776 buildings were burning, bands of Com- munist soldiers began rounding up those who, in their eyes, were "hostile" to Communism. These "hostile" elements constituted almost the whole local popu- lation of 3,000. Half of the 3,000, fearing the worst, had fled to the nearby mountains. But those left were herded together by the invaders, and some were tied in groups. The Com- munists decided to teach these Catholics a convincing lesson. The spacious court- yard of the bishop's residence was chosen as the setting. So, on the night of De- cember 9, 1946, with the huge blaze of lhe burning Cathedral and other buildings to' light the scene, one of the bloodiest massacres in history was enacted. These inhuman Comnmnists and their agents made no distinction on the grounds of sex or age. They subjected all to their fiendish hate. Besides killing some in the usual way, by means of rifle fire, the machine gun and the bayonet, they de- vised new ways of liquidating those who dared to think other than they did. They strangled many; they stripped others to the skin and let them freeze to death in the December cold; they bashed in the heads of others with large pieces of rock, while they tied some to poles and beat them to death. They made some of the women suffer an even worse fate. They violated them, then killed them. And having put them to death, they desecrated the bodies of not a few of their victims. GRAYS HARBOR VENEER, INC. HOQUIAMf WASH. Manufacturers of Fruit and Vegetable Package Material SCOffS FOOD MARKET Simpson Ave. Hoqm. 0 GROCERIES - MEARS FRESH FRUITS & PRODUCE ]Delivery Service SCOffS WEST END GROCERY GROCERIES - MEATS FRESH PRODUCE .Delivery Service Phone HoQ. ' Corner Emerson and "L" Sta. HAY'S DAIRY, Inc. HOMOGENIZED MILK Pasteurized Cream  Butter Cottage and American Cheese PHONE 124 F. G. FOster Company Incorporated WHOLESALE HARDWARE Iron and Steel, Pipes and Fittings LOGGING and MILL SUPPLIESf WIRE ROPE, BELTING, HOUSEHOLD FURNISHINGS Robert Gray Shingle Co. Manufacturers of RED CEDAR SHINGLES WHOLESALE & RETAIL Phone Hoqm. 718 Hoquiam Electric Co. Electrical Contractors 20 8th St. Phone Hoqm. 400 They skinned one child who was about 14 years old, from the scalp to the breast. They chopped a young man's body into pieces in the process of removing his heart. During this macabre scene, they forced those still alive to stand and watch their butchery until their turn came. A great many fainted while watching the dying agony of their friends and relatives. The toll of this wholesale slaughter, which" lasted three days, was estimated at about 500 civilians, including 15 old men, a few children, and a number of' women. In addition, 300 vigilance guards were killed or burned to death. Another 1500 civilians and some hundred vigilance corps members were taken away by the Communists when they retreated on De- cember 12. About 200 of them were later killed, or allowed to freeze to death. When we correspondents arrived at this small town on December 80, 18 days after the massacre. Four bare walls and the main pillars were all that was left of the 30-year-old Cathedral, with its bell still hanging iron- ically high up on the facade. The main hall, hich accommodated more than 1,000, was nothing but a heap of debris and ashes. A fev bullet holes were still visible on the pillars. To the left of the Cathedral was the bishop's residence. In the large court- yard surrounding it, there still lay some 250 Corpses, all frozen hard. The bullet holes, bayonet cuts, wounds, aud various disfigurements were evidence that the Communists had used a variety of means in slaughtering their victims. In the middle of the yard there were Beveral coffins..One of them was un- usually large. Inside it was a big heap ef ashes, black and putrid. That was what was left' of the flesh and bones of those who were trapped in the burning Cathedral. In the backyard of the compound was another group of about 30 bodies. These were slain militiamen. Their remains re- vealed that they had been subjected to prolnged torture. One had his eyes smashed. His eyeballs had been forced out. Fther Hsu, Catholic priest, and two farmers were among those the Commu- nists carried away with them. Many thus carried away died of cold and exposure. Some were killed for refming tO continue the forced trip. While we' were interview trig the local citizens, a late report came a that about 100 bodies had been dis- covered at the foot of a mountain some 1 miles east of Chungli. It was evident that death had been dealt out ruthlessly and indiscriminately. For example, a sick peasant, who had come to Chungli from a neighboring town to see the nurse in the Catholic clinic, since it was the only one with medical facilities in that part of the province, was caught in the slaughter and lost his life without knowing why. "The Chungll massacre was a show of horror, aimed at terrifying the people," said General Fu Tso-yt, Commander of the Twelfth War Zone, in the press con- ference after the correspondents had toured the scene. The 20 correspondents who witnessed the actual scene could find no other explanation for the tragcdy. ELMA STRUBEL & GLANCEY MERCANTILE CO. Fresh and Cured Meats Groceries, Flour, Feed and Hardware Member Red &, White Chain Stores Corp. MINARD & CO. HARDWARE, FURNITURE, GROCERIES, MEATS, FEEDS, IMPLEMENTS it "If YOU Get It at Mlnard's It'e Good" .qT