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December 12, 1947     Catholic Northwest Progress
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December 12, 1947
 

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Vital News Through facilities of the N. C. W. C. Service The Progress pro- senta, in every issue, vital Cath- olic news and views from all the world. Christmas Edition The Progress presents its annual Christmas Edition, in four sections. It  goes to our readers with the cordial wishes of many busine friend You can reciprocate by patronizing the ad- vertisers. J | Vol. 50, No. 49. FIRST OF FOURSECTIONS , SEATTLE, WASHINGTON,.FRIDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1947 ,,z (Pullishel Every Friday) $2.50 Per Year i i MILLIONS TO RENEW LEGION ,C,F DECENCY PLEDGE Greek Rite Bishop Slain By, Red Troops 'Sudden Death' Report Is Amplified With Details of Brutal Murder HOMESTEAD, Pa., Dec. lO.-- (NC)--Shocking particulars con- cerning the "sudden' deaths" of Bishop Theodore G. Romzha of the Byzantine-Slavonic Catholic dio- cese of Mukacevo, (Soviet Car- patho-Ukraine) two priests and two seminarians, last October 25, were revealed here Friday by Bishop Daniel Ivancho, coadjutor of the Greek Rite Diocese of Pittsburgh. (The "sudden" death of Bistt- .p Romzha,. under unexplained circumstances, was previously reported in a Prague dispatch to N.C.'W.C. News Service, dated November 24.) According to reports received by Bishop [vancho fro,m reliable sources abroad, the story behind the deaths of 36-year-old Bishop Romzha and his companions is as follows: On October 25, Bishop Romzha, the Roy. Daniel Bachinsky (a classmate of Bishop Ivancho), and the Roy. Nestor Silvay, accom- panied by two unidentified .simi- narians, were driivng in a horse- drawn cart to the large parish of Veliki Lucki, near Uzhorod, Bishop Romzha's See city. Both of the priest victims, according to Bishop Ivancho, have relatives who are priests in North America. On Way To Reconsecrate Church Some years ago, the people of the Veliki Lucki parish had gone over to the schismatic Russian Or- thodox Church, but after the ar- rival of the communists they had become disillusioned. They re- pented and petitioned for reunion with the Byzantine-Slavonic Rite. Their petition was granted and Bishop Romzha and his compart- ions were enroute to the parish to reconsecrate the church. NEW VIEW OF.00 BETHLEHEM In this new view of Bethiehem, the =riist has nmrked by a cross the location of the Basilica of the Nativity, behveen the wo belfries, (Catholic one at the left). . ..... it is ihe bells of }-ile -atholic Church here which are heard around the world on the radio at Christmas. The lower level of the-Grotto of the Nativity (below) contains the recess (X) which long held the Manger, the wooden pieces of which are now in the Basilica of St. Mary Major in Rome. The natural rock is covered with marble slabs, lighted by lamps and adorned with paintings of the Adoration of the Shepherds. It is in exclusive Catholic Attacks Releasec Time Rel,g,on Program, .ASK:; [. 16Protestanfs Reject.__ It SAN ANTONIO, Dee. ll.--A UI SI SUPREME vehement attack upon the re- leased - time religious - education COURT CONSIDERS program in American public I schools was made here in an ad- dress before the annual meeting of ATHEIST'S APPF00LJ the Texas state Teachers Asscia- tion by Mrs. Eugene Meyer, widely- known writer and speaker on so- cial problems and wife of the pub- WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 9--- lisher of the Washington Post. Three Million Catholics .In Soviet Zone Secret_ Police Harassing Church Workers in Germaq,___&rea By MAX ,IORDAN" (N. C. W. C. News Service) BERLIN, Dec. ll.--There is now a total of 3,308,668 Catholics in the Soviet zone of occupation in Ger- many," according to latest sta- The United States Supreme Court today heard the plea of a professed atheist that Champaign, Illinois public schools be prohibited from permitting religious instruction classes in their buildings. The classes are conducted by Protestant, Catholic and Jewish instructors, after regular classes and without cost to the schools. Pupils take the instructions after their parents sign requests. Solemn Promises To Be Made Sunday In All U. S. Churches Mrs. Vashi McCollum, the pro- fessed atheist appeallant, is the wife of a University of Ilinois pro- fessor. She says her 14-year-old son James was embarrassed by be- ing the only child in his class who did not take religious instructions. The Illinois state court rejected her contention that the giving of the instructions violated the First Amendment of the U. S. Constitu- i tion. The U. 'S. Supreme Court, at conclusion of the appeal hearing, today, took the case under advise- ment. The finding of facts in the case by the Illinois courts, presented to the justices of the United (Continued on Page 7) JEHOYAH WITNESS Legion Reports Percentage of Objectionable Films Increased Markedly In Present Year I N concert with millions hocs throughout the United States, members of all parishes in the Diocese of Seattle will renew the pledges of the Legion of Decency, Sunday next. Congregations at every Mass will rise to their feet and solemnly pronounce the promises to see only" good motion Mrs. Meyer appealed to the new tisties. 5EO00 Catholic 'Protestant preserve--t h e First Of these 1,158,668 resided in the Amendment group headed by zone at the end of the war, while ,Methodist Bishop G. Bromley Ox-2,150,000 came in afterwards as Youths March nam to stop the "battering down of" refugees and expellees from the public school doors" by sectarian eastern provinces annexed by Bus- clergymen. Only if they see to it sia and Poland: that the released-time program is Priests now on duty in the zone ThroughRome eliminated, she said; 'vill Pro- number 1,324; 500 of them refu- I testants be justified"in opposing gets. I Catholic claims for public support Only one Catholic _publisher has I Iof their parochial schools." so far been licensed in the Russian Pope Tells Them Courage, zone, but he is overburdened with orders from the Soviet administra- tion and unable to get out any Catholic publications. Soviet authorities have opened a special department for."Ininism" at the university of Leipzig. Stu- dents willng to take part in these courses are gven a monthly com- pensation of between 350-400 marks md one food parcel per month. Secret Police Hamper Catholic Activities On the other hand, all Catholic j She also held that an "unreal- istic Catholic leadership," though allegedly without support from Catholics generally, looks upon public health and welfare aid to parochial school children as a "stepping stone toward their am- bition that their schools be recog- nized as an integral part of the American educational system, with the same rights as our public schools to public support." Scores Catholics Mrs. Meyer said that Catholic theologians, lawyers and historians Conviction, Awareness Needed Now VATICAN CITY, Dec. 8.--(Ra- dio, NC)His Holiness Pope Plus XTI called upon young Catholics today to be aware of their mission and their duties *'which the pres- ent moment imposes upon you in a peremptory manner." Addressing 5,000 members of the Roman Diocesan Federation 'of Italian Catholic Action Youth Organizations, the ,H01y Father set forth three principal qualities as distinguishing marks of Oath- olic youth: (1) Adherence to clear and strong principles nd convic- tions, (2) Personal courage and (8) Awareness of the inseparable union between religinn mad. life. -The :yomg-people-']zd-gat2zered for the observnee oft.he 35tii en: niversary of " their organization and marched from the Lateran Basilica through Rome to the Vat- ican where the Pope received them in the Hall of Benedictions. In his address the Pope recalled that "it was the Feast of the Ira- stitutions . . ." The result, she contended, is that "the leaders of the Catholic Church are becoming GERMAN DIVISION a serious threat to ou'r national unity, stability and educational SPUR CAMPAIGN progress..." Mrs. Meyer deplored the recent report of the non-sectarian Ameri- can Council on Education on "The are busy at attempts to destroy activities continue to be severely I the First Amendment. She said handicapled y the' communist- that the American Bishops' recent I cntrlled secret police which has statement on secularism was part / its stooges everywhere. Otto Gal- 'of a campaign to "confuse Ameri- lus' a Catholic youth leader, re- t cans and create among us a dis- cently disappeared after attending /trust of our own most sacred .in- a meeting of his group. Worrier Ihmels,-prominent Lu the :Prot- taut movement of Saxony, suffered the same fate together with a num- ber of young students. Only two recent items that are not depressing can be reported in this connection. The Sisters of Charity were authorized to reopen their fCatholic hospital in Dresden tion pictures, to protest the show- ing of ?indecent and immoral pic- tures and those which glorify crime and criminals," and to re- main away altogether from places of amusement that show objection- able pictures as a matter of policy. Following the united counsel of the Hierarchy, all Catholics in the United States renew these pledges on the Sunday within the Octave of th feast of the Lmmaculate Conception. Each week The Progress pub- lishes the Legion of Deeeflcy classification of films currently being shown in this area. A de- tailed list of pictures now being distributed appears on page eight of this issue. )' -Figures released at the National Legion of Decency headquarters in New York show that motion pictures rated "objeetionable in part" reached a new record in percentages this year,as CatholicS across the nation prepare to re- new their Legion of Decency pledges on Sunday, December 14. Commenting on the recent strong opposition .% the piclhtre "Forever Amber" by Bmllops, priests and the laity aound the country, the Rev. Patrick J. MtmLm, exeete secretary " of the Naonal: Legion, 'd "this llying to the' support of the Legion exceeds any other similar action in years." Nearly one in every six films 15.91 per cent--were put in Class "B" by the Legion reviewers. This compares with an overall average of 10 per cent in this classifica- While driving to Vellki Lucki, {possession. Copyrighted photos by Albina Bros., Jerusalem. (NCWC) FRANKFURT, DeC. 9.--(NC)-- The United Nations and all gov- j a military tank came from be- ernments are "the work of the i (Continued on Page 5)4tl II C'La I : ,AH ', m devil," speakers of Jehovah's Wit- FOU 00ff=-g-c00n n t I nesses told street crowds in | II V| | | 4ff|' Igassel over a public address ays- M A zz Item installed on a truck. Because I1|   II [they are "devilish," the speakers IN WARSAWTRJAL rTrt, ,r tn lz Isaid, "it is wrong for the estab- | | | |  | -  II |  II ' zO I lished churches to pray for them." WARSAW--(IC) -- Dr. Wlodzi- mierz Bilan and Jan Stepien were sentenced to death and Jan Kor- necki and Franciszek Kacki were' sentenced to 8 and 5 year prison terms respectively at the close of the recent Warsaw trial of mem- bers of the Polish National Party, which has been outlawed by the Communist Warsaw regime. Dr. Bilan, a Przemysl lawyer, prewar president of the National Party for the Przemysl district, an active member of Catholic or- ganizations, and a leader of the Polish underground during the German occuPation , was charged, along with his co-defendants, with conspiracy against the regime. They were declared to have plot- ted the overthrow of the regime by force. H im, Says OLUMBUS, O., Dec. 9.--(NC)-- To keep China out of Stalin's hands, the United States must send her munitions, economic aid and MacArthur. To keep Western Europe free from communist domination, the U. S. must supply economic and financial aid and take the lead in establishing a democratic political union in that area. These were the recommendations of William C. Bullitt, former U. S. Ambassador to Russia and France, in his address here in the Erskine Lecture series, sponsored by the College of St. Mary of the Spring. Modern Music, Art Can Be Fitting in Worship, Says New Encyclical on Liturgy "Venerable brothers . . . not without sorrow have We learned that there are those who use the vernacular in the celebration of the augusL Sacrifice of the Eu- charist . . . The use of the Latin language in the great part of the Church is a clear and noble sign of unity and an effective antidote to every corruption of pure doc- trine. In many rites, of course, the use of the vernacular can be very helpful to the people, but only the Holy See has the power to 'grant this concession. Therefore, noth- ing may licitly be done in this re- gard without the counsel and ap- proval of the Holy See; for, as We have said, regulations on the sacred liturgy depend exclusively I on its authority." .,Laity's Participation In Mass "Venerable brothers, it must be clearly explained to your flocks, that the faithful, in taking part in (Continued on Page 5) Builitt (By N.C.W.C. News Service) The following are unofficial translations of excerpts from the papal Encyclical "Mediator Dei" on the Sacrcd Liturgy, issued by His Holiness Pope. Pins Xll. Tle official English translation ot the encyclical has not yet been issued by the Holy See. "|F W'E must lament on the one hand that in some areas the understanding of the sacred lit- urgy is at times neglected or al- most ignored, We note on the other hand with apprehensive solic- itude that some, too desirous of innovations, stray from the path of sound doctrine and prudence. For: in promoting a liturgical renais- sance they often advance principles which either in theory or in prac- tice compromise this sacred cause and not infrequently even conta'm- Mr. Bullitt gave his listeners a sharp warning: "Arerica is in danger. Stalin like Hitler will not stop. Be can only be stopped." He rejected the idea of a preventive war, however, as morally unfeasible. "We cannot create the custom of all nations treating one another as a peace group by launching a war, and blotting the peoples of the Soviet Union off the earth with atomic bombs, during the years when we have Z2ze bombs and they do not have the bombs. The former diplomat criticized American policy with regard to inate it with errors regarding B Catholic faith and ascetical doc- trine." China. He said the Yalta Agree- ment under which the Russians were given interests in Manchuria vas the most "unnecessarily dis- graceful and potentially disastrous document . . . ever signed by a President of the United States." He said General Marshall failed in his mission to China because he accepted the preva- lent U. S. Government view tlaat the Soviet Union was a "peace- loving democrac) "' and that the Chinese communists were mere agrarian reformers not allied with Moscow. Mr. Bullitt advocated the im- mediate turning over to the Chiang Kai Shek government of tbe mili- tary .material "I:otting and ruSt- ing in the Aleutians, Japan, Oki- nawa, Guam and the Ph.ilippines," plus 60 to 75 million dollars worth of cotton, oil, gasoline, wheat, to- bacco and machinery. He declared Lhat a relatively small amount of aid now would have a tremendous effect on Chinese morale. "But most of all," he stated, "we need to have in China a general of the firs}- order to or- ganize at once with the Gener- alissimo ways and means to preserve the vital interest ot the United States in Chinese in- dependence. We have such a General already in the Far East, only five hours by plane from NankingMacArthur.', Teachings of this sort are in. cluded in the publications of Je- hovah's Witnesses who now seem to be more active than ever in var- ious parts of Germany. They have just applied to American authori- ties for permission o send 250,000 copies of their books into the American zone for free distribu- tion. In view of the danger that teach- ings such as those spread in Kas- sol might incite rebellion and en- courage subversive activities th request is not likely to be granted. August Stock of the Cologne branch of the "Witnesses" was re- cently sentenced to three months in jail for serious libel of the Catholic Church. Relation of Religion to Public Edu- -cation." She said that the Council, which had urged that relion be presented as an integral part of all branches of learning, had gone "further than any church groups have ever dared to go, in defying the American traditions of separa- tion of Church and State." American-Born Prelate Installed As- Bishop" In Moslem Provinc, DACCA, India, Dec. 11 (NC)-- To an American-born prelate, Bishop Lawrence Graner, C.S.C., of Dacca, went the honor of being the first bishop to be installed in eastern Pakistan since the estab- lishment of the Moslem Ste. Archbishop Ferdinand Perier, S.J., of Calcutta presided at the in- stallat{on ceremonies. Bishop Graner is a native of Franklin, Pa. He has spent most of his priestly life in the Bengal mission fields. , and to rebuild their chapel which was destroyed in an air raid. The Russians have also permitted the opening of 'a seminary for students of the former Archdiocese of Bres- lau in Neuzelle, near Guben. Peru To Mark 'Peace Week' At Christmas Time LIMA, Peru -- (NC) -- A na- tional Peace Wee.k, to be observed during the Christmas holidays from December 26 to 31, will be held throughout Peru under the patronage of Sonora Maria de Je- sus de Bnstamante, the first lady of the land. As part of the celebration Peru's cities will fly white flags and there will be a campaign to give wide diffusion to the words of the Gospel, wkich,  said Sonora de Bustamante, "will interpret with profound eloquence the true feel- ing of this crusade of Christian brotherhood." New Church fo r Tacoma Parish This is the new St. John of the Woods Church, in the Midland district near Tacoma, which !1 be dedi- cated, Sunday, December 14. The Right Rev. Monsignor W. J. Noonan, pastor of St. Patrick Parish, Tacoma, will officiate at the dedication ceremonies, beginning at 10:30 a. m. , The new church, built at a cost of $42,500, replaces one destroyed by fire on Christmas ever, 1940. The Rev. Robert E. Logan, pastor of the parish, announces that a mission, to be preached by the Roy. Charles Surer, S.J., will begin in the church on its dedication day. @ maculate Conception and said he wished to place young Catholics all over the world under the pro- tection of the Blessed Virgin so that they might advance victor- iously under her banner. The sight of Catholic youth marching through the streets of Rome presented a striking con- trast to the colum of commu- nist partisans who 'paraded in Rome over the week-end. Pilgrims From All Americas In Mexico For Guadalupe Feast MEIXICO CITY, Dec. 9.--(NC) --,?llgrims from all countries of the American continent have been gathering here this week in prep- aration for the celebration of the Feast of our Lady of Guadalupe on December 12. The Archbishop offered the "Dawn of Day" Mass at the Guad- alupe Shrine at 4:30 a. m. today. Archbishop Jose Martinez of Mex- ico, will offer the solemn pontiff- cal Mass on the feast day in the beautiful Basilica. tion since the first Legion ratings were issued in February, 1936. Amber Film Still Rated Objectionable YORK, Dec. 9.--(NC) the National Legion" of Decency has announced here that the film "Forever Amber," the first pro- duction of Twentieth Century-Fox to receive the "C" or "Con- demned" classification has been removed from that rating and placed in the "B" or "Morally Ob- jectionable in Part" category with the following comment: "Revisions made in this film are deemed sufficient to meet sub- stantially the original objection of the Legion that the film glorifies immorality. However, 'Forever Amber' still lacks the adequate morally compensating v a 1 u e s which should be present in a story of this kind.' .... - Official Legion of Decency "iI Pledge Renewal To the Clergy and Laity of the Diocese of Seattle: THE pledge of the Legion of Decency wiil be renewed in all parish and mission churches on Sunday, December 14, 1947. The form of the pledge to be read is published herewith. December 12, 1947. Bishop of Seattle In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. I condemn indecent and immoral pictures and those which glorify crime or criminals. I promise to unite with all who protest against them. I acknowledge my obligation to form a right conscience about pictures that are dangerous to my moral life. As a member of the Legion of Decency, I pledge myself to see only good pictures. I promise, further, to stay away altogether from places of amusement which show pictures than can be an occasion of sin. l` ,ttm ,to-Page 3 for other official notices ,' Vital News Through facilities of the N. C. W. C. Service The Progress pro- senta, in every issue, vital Cath- olic news and views from all the world. Christmas Edition The Progress presents its annual Christmas Edition, in four sections. It  goes to our readers with the cordial wishes of many busine friend You can reciprocate by patronizing the ad- vertisers. J | Vol. 50, No. 49. FIRST OF FOURSECTIONS , SEATTLE, WASHINGTON,.FRIDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1947 ,,z (Pullishel Every Friday) $2.50 Per Year i i MILLIONS TO RENEW LEGION ,C,F DECENCY PLEDGE Greek Rite Bishop Slain By, Red Troops 'Sudden Death' Report Is Amplified With Details of Brutal Murder HOMESTEAD, Pa., Dec. lO.-- (NC)--Shocking particulars con- cerning the "sudden' deaths" of Bishop Theodore G. Romzha of the Byzantine-Slavonic Catholic dio- cese of Mukacevo, (Soviet Car- patho-Ukraine) two priests and two seminarians, last October 25, were revealed here Friday by Bishop Daniel Ivancho, coadjutor of the Greek Rite Diocese of Pittsburgh. (The "sudden" death of Bistt- .p Romzha,. under unexplained circumstances, was previously reported in a Prague dispatch to N.C.'W.C. News Service, dated November 24.) According to reports received by Bishop [vancho fro,m reliable sources abroad, the story behind the deaths of 36-year-old Bishop Romzha and his companions is as follows: On October 25, Bishop Romzha, the Roy. Daniel Bachinsky (a classmate of Bishop Ivancho), and the Roy. Nestor Silvay, accom- panied by two unidentified .simi- narians, were driivng in a horse- drawn cart to the large parish of Veliki Lucki, near Uzhorod, Bishop Romzha's See city. Both of the priest victims, according to Bishop Ivancho, have relatives who are priests in North America. On Way To Reconsecrate Church Some years ago, the people of the Veliki Lucki parish had gone over to the schismatic Russian Or- thodox Church, but after the ar- rival of the communists they had become disillusioned. They re- pented and petitioned for reunion with the Byzantine-Slavonic Rite. Their petition was granted and Bishop Romzha and his compart- ions were enroute to the parish to reconsecrate the church. NEW VIEW OF.00 BETHLEHEM In this new view of Bethiehem, the =riist has nmrked by a cross the location of the Basilica of the Nativity, behveen the wo belfries, (Catholic one at the left). . ..... it is ihe bells of }-ile -atholic Church here which are heard around the world on the radio at Christmas. The lower level of the-Grotto of the Nativity (below) contains the recess (X) which long held the Manger, the wooden pieces of which are now in the Basilica of St. Mary Major in Rome. The natural rock is covered with marble slabs, lighted by lamps and adorned with paintings of the Adoration of the Shepherds. It is in exclusive Catholic Attacks Releasec Time Rel,g,on Program, .ASK:; [. 16Protestanfs Reject.__ It SAN ANTONIO, Dee. ll.--A UI SI SUPREME vehement attack upon the re- leased - time religious - education COURT CONSIDERS program in American public I schools was made here in an ad- dress before the annual meeting of ATHEIST'S APPF00LJ the Texas state Teachers Asscia- tion by Mrs. Eugene Meyer, widely- known writer and speaker on so- cial problems and wife of the pub- WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 9--- lisher of the Washington Post. Three Million Catholics .In Soviet Zone Secret_ Police Harassing Church Workers in Germaq,___&rea By MAX ,IORDAN" (N. C. W. C. News Service) BERLIN, Dec. ll.--There is now a total of 3,308,668 Catholics in the Soviet zone of occupation in Ger- many," according to latest sta- The United States Supreme Court today heard the plea of a professed atheist that Champaign, Illinois public schools be prohibited from permitting religious instruction classes in their buildings. The classes are conducted by Protestant, Catholic and Jewish instructors, after regular classes and without cost to the schools. Pupils take the instructions after their parents sign requests. Solemn Promises To Be Made Sunday In All U. S. Churches Mrs. Vashi McCollum, the pro- fessed atheist appeallant, is the wife of a University of Ilinois pro- fessor. She says her 14-year-old son James was embarrassed by be- ing the only child in his class who did not take religious instructions. The Illinois state court rejected her contention that the giving of the instructions violated the First Amendment of the U. S. Constitu- i tion. The U. 'S. Supreme Court, at conclusion of the appeal hearing, today, took the case under advise- ment. The finding of facts in the case by the Illinois courts, presented to the justices of the United (Continued on Page 7) JEHOYAH WITNESS Legion Reports Percentage of Objectionable Films Increased Markedly In Present Year I N concert with millions hocs throughout the United States, members of all parishes in the Diocese of Seattle will renew the pledges of the Legion of Decency, Sunday next. Congregations at every Mass will rise to their feet and solemnly pronounce the promises to see only" good motion Mrs. Meyer appealed to the new tisties. 5EO00 Catholic 'Protestant preserve--t h e First Of these 1,158,668 resided in the Amendment group headed by zone at the end of the war, while ,Methodist Bishop G. Bromley Ox-2,150,000 came in afterwards as Youths March nam to stop the "battering down of" refugees and expellees from the public school doors" by sectarian eastern provinces annexed by Bus- clergymen. Only if they see to it sia and Poland: that the released-time program is Priests now on duty in the zone ThroughRome eliminated, she said; 'vill Pro- number 1,324; 500 of them refu- I testants be justified"in opposing gets. I Catholic claims for public support Only one Catholic _publisher has I Iof their parochial schools." so far been licensed in the Russian Pope Tells Them Courage, zone, but he is overburdened with orders from the Soviet administra- tion and unable to get out any Catholic publications. Soviet authorities have opened a special department for."Ininism" at the university of Leipzig. Stu- dents willng to take part in these courses are gven a monthly com- pensation of between 350-400 marks md one food parcel per month. Secret Police Hamper Catholic Activities On the other hand, all Catholic j She also held that an "unreal- istic Catholic leadership," though allegedly without support from Catholics generally, looks upon public health and welfare aid to parochial school children as a "stepping stone toward their am- bition that their schools be recog- nized as an integral part of the American educational system, with the same rights as our public schools to public support." Scores Catholics Mrs. Meyer said that Catholic theologians, lawyers and historians Conviction, Awareness Needed Now VATICAN CITY, Dec. 8.--(Ra- dio, NC)His Holiness Pope Plus XTI called upon young Catholics today to be aware of their mission and their duties *'which the pres- ent moment imposes upon you in a peremptory manner." Addressing 5,000 members of the Roman Diocesan Federation 'of Italian Catholic Action Youth Organizations, the ,H01y Father set forth three principal qualities as distinguishing marks of Oath- olic youth: (1) Adherence to clear and strong principles nd convic- tions, (2) Personal courage and (8) Awareness of the inseparable union between religinn mad. life. -The :yomg-people-']zd-gat2zered for the observnee oft.he 35tii en: niversary of " their organization and marched from the Lateran Basilica through Rome to the Vat- ican where the Pope received them in the Hall of Benedictions. In his address the Pope recalled that "it was the Feast of the Ira- stitutions . . ." The result, she contended, is that "the leaders of the Catholic Church are becoming GERMAN DIVISION a serious threat to ou'r national unity, stability and educational SPUR CAMPAIGN progress..." Mrs. Meyer deplored the recent report of the non-sectarian Ameri- can Council on Education on "The are busy at attempts to destroy activities continue to be severely I the First Amendment. She said handicapled y the' communist- that the American Bishops' recent I cntrlled secret police which has statement on secularism was part / its stooges everywhere. Otto Gal- 'of a campaign to "confuse Ameri- lus' a Catholic youth leader, re- t cans and create among us a dis- cently disappeared after attending /trust of our own most sacred .in- a meeting of his group. Worrier Ihmels,-prominent Lu the :Prot- taut movement of Saxony, suffered the same fate together with a num- ber of young students. Only two recent items that are not depressing can be reported in this connection. The Sisters of Charity were authorized to reopen their fCatholic hospital in Dresden tion pictures, to protest the show- ing of ?indecent and immoral pic- tures and those which glorify crime and criminals," and to re- main away altogether from places of amusement that show objection- able pictures as a matter of policy. Following the united counsel of the Hierarchy, all Catholics in the United States renew these pledges on the Sunday within the Octave of th feast of the Lmmaculate Conception. Each week The Progress pub- lishes the Legion of Deeeflcy classification of films currently being shown in this area. A de- tailed list of pictures now being distributed appears on page eight of this issue. )' -Figures released at the National Legion of Decency headquarters in New York show that motion pictures rated "objeetionable in part" reached a new record in percentages this year,as CatholicS across the nation prepare to re- new their Legion of Decency pledges on Sunday, December 14. Commenting on the recent strong opposition .% the piclhtre "Forever Amber" by Bmllops, priests and the laity aound the country, the Rev. Patrick J. MtmLm, exeete secretary " of the Naonal: Legion, 'd "this llying to the' support of the Legion exceeds any other similar action in years." Nearly one in every six films 15.91 per cent--were put in Class "B" by the Legion reviewers. This compares with an overall average of 10 per cent in this classifica- While driving to Vellki Lucki, {possession. Copyrighted photos by Albina Bros., Jerusalem. (NCWC) FRANKFURT, DeC. 9.--(NC)-- The United Nations and all gov- j a military tank came from be- ernments are "the work of the i (Continued on Page 5)4tl II C'La I : ,AH ', m devil," speakers of Jehovah's Wit- FOU 00ff=-g-c00n n t I nesses told street crowds in | II V| | | 4ff|' Igassel over a public address ays- M A zz Item installed on a truck. Because I1|   II [they are "devilish," the speakers IN WARSAWTRJAL rTrt, ,r tn lz Isaid, "it is wrong for the estab- | | | |  | -  II |  II ' zO I lished churches to pray for them." WARSAW--(IC) -- Dr. Wlodzi- mierz Bilan and Jan Stepien were sentenced to death and Jan Kor- necki and Franciszek Kacki were' sentenced to 8 and 5 year prison terms respectively at the close of the recent Warsaw trial of mem- bers of the Polish National Party, which has been outlawed by the Communist Warsaw regime. Dr. Bilan, a Przemysl lawyer, prewar president of the National Party for the Przemysl district, an active member of Catholic or- ganizations, and a leader of the Polish underground during the German occuPation , was charged, along with his co-defendants, with conspiracy against the regime. They were declared to have plot- ted the overthrow of the regime by force. H im, Says OLUMBUS, O., Dec. 9.--(NC)-- To keep China out of Stalin's hands, the United States must send her munitions, economic aid and MacArthur. To keep Western Europe free from communist domination, the U. S. must supply economic and financial aid and take the lead in establishing a democratic political union in that area. These were the recommendations of William C. Bullitt, former U. S. Ambassador to Russia and France, in his address here in the Erskine Lecture series, sponsored by the College of St. Mary of the Spring. Modern Music, Art Can Be Fitting in Worship, Says New Encyclical on Liturgy "Venerable brothers . . . not without sorrow have We learned that there are those who use the vernacular in the celebration of the augusL Sacrifice of the Eu- charist . . . The use of the Latin language in the great part of the Church is a clear and noble sign of unity and an effective antidote to every corruption of pure doc- trine. In many rites, of course, the use of the vernacular can be very helpful to the people, but only the Holy See has the power to 'grant this concession. Therefore, noth- ing may licitly be done in this re- gard without the counsel and ap- proval of the Holy See; for, as We have said, regulations on the sacred liturgy depend exclusively I on its authority." .,Laity's Participation In Mass "Venerable brothers, it must be clearly explained to your flocks, that the faithful, in taking part in (Continued on Page 5) Builitt (By N.C.W.C. News Service) The following are unofficial translations of excerpts from the papal Encyclical "Mediator Dei" on the Sacrcd Liturgy, issued by His Holiness Pope. Pins Xll. Tle official English translation ot the encyclical has not yet been issued by the Holy See. "|F W'E must lament on the one hand that in some areas the understanding of the sacred lit- urgy is at times neglected or al- most ignored, We note on the other hand with apprehensive solic- itude that some, too desirous of innovations, stray from the path of sound doctrine and prudence. For: in promoting a liturgical renais- sance they often advance principles which either in theory or in prac- tice compromise this sacred cause and not infrequently even conta'm- Mr. Bullitt gave his listeners a sharp warning: "Arerica is in danger. Stalin like Hitler will not stop. Be can only be stopped." He rejected the idea of a preventive war, however, as morally unfeasible. "We cannot create the custom of all nations treating one another as a peace group by launching a war, and blotting the peoples of the Soviet Union off the earth with atomic bombs, during the years when we have Z2ze bombs and they do not have the bombs. The former diplomat criticized American policy with regard to inate it with errors regarding B Catholic faith and ascetical doc- trine." China. He said the Yalta Agree- ment under which the Russians were given interests in Manchuria vas the most "unnecessarily dis- graceful and potentially disastrous document . . . ever signed by a President of the United States." He said General Marshall failed in his mission to China because he accepted the preva- lent U. S. Government view tlaat the Soviet Union was a "peace- loving democrac) "' and that the Chinese communists were mere agrarian reformers not allied with Moscow. Mr. Bullitt advocated the im- mediate turning over to the Chiang Kai Shek government of tbe mili- tary .material "I:otting and ruSt- ing in the Aleutians, Japan, Oki- nawa, Guam and the Ph.ilippines," plus 60 to 75 million dollars worth of cotton, oil, gasoline, wheat, to- bacco and machinery. He declared Lhat a relatively small amount of aid now would have a tremendous effect on Chinese morale. "But most of all," he stated, "we need to have in China a general of the firs}- order to or- ganize at once with the Gener- alissimo ways and means to preserve the vital interest ot the United States in Chinese in- dependence. We have such a General already in the Far East, only five hours by plane from NankingMacArthur.', Teachings of this sort are in. cluded in the publications of Je- hovah's Witnesses who now seem to be more active than ever in var- ious parts of Germany. They have just applied to American authori- ties for permission o send 250,000 copies of their books into the American zone for free distribu- tion. In view of the danger that teach- ings such as those spread in Kas- sol might incite rebellion and en- courage subversive activities th request is not likely to be granted. August Stock of the Cologne branch of the "Witnesses" was re- cently sentenced to three months in jail for serious libel of the Catholic Church. Relation of Religion to Public Edu- -cation." She said that the Council, which had urged that relion be presented as an integral part of all branches of learning, had gone "further than any church groups have ever dared to go, in defying the American traditions of separa- tion of Church and State." American-Born Prelate Installed As- Bishop" In Moslem Provinc, DACCA, India, Dec. 11 (NC)-- To an American-born prelate, Bishop Lawrence Graner, C.S.C., of Dacca, went the honor of being the first bishop to be installed in eastern Pakistan since the estab- lishment of the Moslem Ste. Archbishop Ferdinand Perier, S.J., of Calcutta presided at the in- stallat{on ceremonies. Bishop Graner is a native of Franklin, Pa. He has spent most of his priestly life in the Bengal mission fields. , and to rebuild their chapel which was destroyed in an air raid. The Russians have also permitted the opening of 'a seminary for students of the former Archdiocese of Bres- lau in Neuzelle, near Guben. Peru To Mark 'Peace Week' At Christmas Time LIMA, Peru -- (NC) -- A na- tional Peace Wee.k, to be observed during the Christmas holidays from December 26 to 31, will be held throughout Peru under the patronage of Sonora Maria de Je- sus de Bnstamante, the first lady of the land. As part of the celebration Peru's cities will fly white flags and there will be a campaign to give wide diffusion to the words of the Gospel, wkich,  said Sonora de Bustamante, "will interpret with profound eloquence the true feel- ing of this crusade of Christian brotherhood." New Church fo r Tacoma Parish This is the new St. John of the Woods Church, in the Midland district near Tacoma, which !1 be dedi- cated, Sunday, December 14. The Right Rev. Monsignor W. J. Noonan, pastor of St. Patrick Parish, Tacoma, will officiate at the dedication ceremonies, beginning at 10:30 a. m. , The new church, built at a cost of $42,500, replaces one destroyed by fire on Christmas ever, 1940. The Rev. Robert E. Logan, pastor of the parish, announces that a mission, to be preached by the Roy. Charles Surer, S.J., will begin in the church on its dedication day. @ maculate Conception and said he wished to place young Catholics all over the world under the pro- tection of the Blessed Virgin so that they might advance victor- iously under her banner. The sight of Catholic youth marching through the streets of Rome presented a striking con- trast to the colum of commu- nist partisans who 'paraded in Rome over the week-end. Pilgrims From All Americas In Mexico For Guadalupe Feast MEIXICO CITY, Dec. 9.--(NC) --,?llgrims from all countries of the American continent have been gathering here this week in prep- aration for the celebration of the Feast of our Lady of Guadalupe on December 12. The Archbishop offered the "Dawn of Day" Mass at the Guad- alupe Shrine at 4:30 a. m. today. Archbishop Jose Martinez of Mex- ico, will offer the solemn pontiff- cal Mass on the feast day in the beautiful Basilica. tion since the first Legion ratings were issued in February, 1936. Amber Film Still Rated Objectionable YORK, Dec. 9.--(NC) the National Legion" of Decency has announced here that the film "Forever Amber," the first pro- duction of Twentieth Century-Fox to receive the "C" or "Con- demned" classification has been removed from that rating and placed in the "B" or "Morally Ob- jectionable in Part" category with the following comment: "Revisions made in this film are deemed sufficient to meet sub- stantially the original objection of the Legion that the film glorifies immorality. However, 'Forever Amber' still lacks the adequate morally compensating v a 1 u e s which should be present in a story of this kind.' .... - Official Legion of Decency "iI Pledge Renewal To the Clergy and Laity of the Diocese of Seattle: THE pledge of the Legion of Decency wiil be renewed in all parish and mission churches on Sunday, December 14, 1947. The form of the pledge to be read is published herewith. December 12, 1947. Bishop of Seattle In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. I condemn indecent and immoral pictures and those which glorify crime or criminals. I promise to unite with all who protest against them. I acknowledge my obligation to form a right conscience about pictures that are dangerous to my moral life. As a member of the Legion of Decency, I pledge myself to see only good pictures. I promise, further, to stay away altogether from places of amusement which show pictures than can be an occasion of sin. l` ,ttm ,to-Page 3 for other official notices ,'