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December 12, 1947     Catholic Northwest Progress
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December 12, 1947
 

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Vital News Through fadlities of the N. C, W. C. Service The Progress pr seats, in every issue, vital Cath- olic news and'views from all the world. Christmas Edition The Progress presents its annual Christmas Edition, in four sections. It goes to our readers with the cordial wishes of many business friends. You can reciprocate by patronizing the ad- vertisers. | I Vol. 50, No. 49. FIRST OF FOUR SECTIONS , SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1947 -  (Published Every Friday) " $2.50 Per Year I | I I MILLICNS TO RENEW LEGION OF DECENCY PLEDGE Greek Rite Bishop Slain : By Red Troops 'Sudden Death' Report Is Amplified With Details of Brutal Murder HOMESTEAD, Pa., Dec. 10.-- (NC)---Shocking particulars con- cerning the "sudden deaths" of Bishop Theodore G. Romzha of the Byzantine-Slavonic Catholic dio- cese of Mukacevo, (Soviet Car- patho-Ukraine) two priests and two seminarians, last October 25, were revealed here Friday by Bishop Daniel Ivancho, coadjutor of the Greek Rite Diocese of Pittsburgh. (The "sudden" death of Bisii- up Romzha, under unexplained circumstances, was previoUsly reported in a Prague dispatch to N.C.W.C. News Service, dated November 24. ) According to reports received by Bishop 'Ivancho from reliable sources abroad, the story behind the deaths of 36-year-old Bishop Romzha and his companions is as follows: On October 25, Bishop Romzha, the Rev. Daniel Bachinsky (a classmate of Bishop Ivancho), and the Rev. Nestor Silvay, accom- panied by two unidentified simi- narians, were driivng in a horse- drawn cart to the large parish of Veliki Lucki, near Uzhorod, Bishop Romzha's See city. Both of the priest victims according to Bishop Ivancho, have relatives who are priests in North A.merica. On Way To Reconsecrate Churca Some years ago, the pegple ,:of: the Veliki Lucki parish had gone ovex to the schismatic Russian Or- thodox Church, .but after, tha at= rival of the communists they had become disillusioned. They re- pented and petitioned for reunio with the Byzantine-Slavonic Rite. Their petition was granted and Bishop Romzha and his compan- ions were enroute to the parish to reconsecrate the church. While driving to Veliki Lucki, a military tank came from he- NEW VIEW OF BETHLEHEM z tracks Released-TimeIThree Million Religion Program, Asks Catholics In Protestants Reject It Soviet Zone U, S, SUPBEME A.IqTON10, Dec. 11.--A ] vehement attack upon the re- I leased - time religious - education COURT CONSIDERS ,program in American public I schools was made here in an ad- dress before the annual meeting of ATHEIS00S APPEAL WASI-HNGTON, D. C., Dec. 9-- The United States Supreme Court today heard the plea of a professe d atheist that Champaign, IUinois public schools be prohibiteql from permitting religious instruction classes in their buildings. The classes are conducted by Protestant, Catholic and Jewish instructors, after regular classes and without cost to the schools. Pupils take the instructions after their parents sign requests. Mrs. Vashi McCollum, the" pro- fessed atheist appeallant, is the wife of a University'of Ilinois pro- fessor. She says her 14-year-old thee Texas State Teachers Associa- tion by Mrs. Eugene Meyer, widely- known writer and speaker on so- cial problems and wife of the pub- lisher of the Washington Post. Mrs. Meyer appealed to the new Protestant preserve t h e First Amendznent group headed by Methodist Bishop G. Bromley Ox- ham to stop the "battering down'of public school doors" by sectarian clergymen. Only if they see to it that the released-time program is elimin.ated, she said, "will Pro- testants be justified in opposing Catholic claims for public support l of their parochial schools." i She also held that an "unreal- istic Catholic leadership," though allegedly without support from Catholics generally, looks upon public health and welfare, aid to parochial school children as a "stepping stone toward their am- bition that their schools be" recog- nized as an integral part of the American educational system, with the same rights as our public schools to public support." -Scores Catholics Mrs. Meyer said that Catholic theologians, lawyers and historians are busy at attempts to destroy the First Amendment. She" said that' the "American Bishops" recent statement on secularismwas part of a campaign to "confuse Ameri- cans and create among us a dis- son James was embarrassedby be- i.ng the only child in his.class who did not take religious instructions. The Illinois state-co.urt rejected her contention that. the giving of the instructions violated the First Amendment of the U. S. Constitu- tion ...... The U. S. Supreme Court, at conclusion o the: appeal hehrg, today, took the case ufider advise- ment. - . .. The finding of-facts in the: case I YAH W}t trust of our own most sacred .in. " It is 1the belis-'ofthe Catholic Church here which are heard aroUnd the " ,stitutiorm . . :' The result, she contended, is that "the leaders of wo,,00 Do / DIVISION The lower level of the CROWD of the Nativity (below)contains flzeJ GERMAN a serious threat to our national recess (X) which long held the Manger, the wooden pieces of which[ unit, stability and educational are now in the Basilica of St. Ma" Major in Rome. The natural roek  by the Illinois courts, ': presentqd J In Otis new v|e, of Bethiehem, the .rlst  .marked hy a cross the I to the(continued.ustices onfPagethe 7)United loeatl0n of the Basilica of the Nativity, between the wo belfries, I " " (Catholic one at the left). is Covered with marble slabs, lighted by lamps and adorned with paintings of the Adoration of the Shepherds. It is in exclusive Catholic possession. Copyrighted photos by Albina Bros., Jerusalem. (NCWC) (Continued on Page 5) FOUR SENTENCE Sta l i n Wo n'f Stop, IN WARSAW TRIALI M'A rt h u r C a n Sto p W'ARSAW--(IC) -- Dr. W2odzi- mierz Bllan and Jan Stepien were sentenced to death and Jan Kor- necki and Franciszek Kacki were Him, Says Bullitt oLUMBuS, O., Dec. 9.--(NC)-- I To keep China out of Stalin's] hands, the United States must I send her munitions, economic aid and MacArthur. To keep Western Europe free from communist domination, the U. S. must supply economic and financial aid and,take the lead in establishing a democratic political union in that area. These were the recommendations of William C. Bullitt, former U. S. Ambassador to Russia and France,' in his address here in the Erskine Lecture series, sponsorl by the College of St. Mary of the Spring. sentenced to 8 and 5 year prison terms respectively at the close of tile, recent Warsaw trial of mem- bers of the Polish National Party, which has been outlawed by the Communist Warsaw regime. Dr. Bilan, a Przemysl lawyer, prewar president of the National Party for the Przemysi district, an active member of Catholic or- ganizations, and a leader of the Polish underground during the German occupation, was charged, along with his co-defendants, with conspiracy against the regime. They were declared to have plot- ted the overthrow of the regime by force. Mr. Bullitt gave his listeners a sharp warning: "America is in danger. Stalin like Hitler wm not stop. I4e can only be stopped." He rejected the idea 'of a preventive war, however, as morally unfeasible. "We cannot create the custom of all nations treating one another as a peace group by launching a war, fid blotting the peoples of the Soviet Union off the earth with atomic bombs, during the rears when we have the bombs and they do not have the bombs. The former dipIomat criticized American policy with regard to Modern Music, Art Can Be -Fitting in W c,rship, Says New Encyclical on Liturgy China. He said the Yalta Agrde- ment under which the Russians were given interests in Manchuria was the most "unnecessarily dis- graceful and potentially disastrous document.., ever signed by a President of the, United States." He said General Marshall failed in his mission to China because he accepted the preva- lent U. S. Government view that the Soviet Union was a "peace- loving democracy" and that the (By N.C.W.C. News Service) The following are unofficial translations of excerpts from the papal Encyclical "Mediator Dei" on the Sacred Liturgy, issued by His Holiness Pope Plus XII. "l'lle  official English translation of the encyclical has not yet been issued by the Holy ee. 'TF WE must lament on the one hand that in some areas the understanding of the sacred lit- urgy is at times neglected or al- most ignored, We note on the other hand with apprehensive solic- itude that some, too desirous of innovations, stray from the path of sound doctrine and prudence. For in promoting a liturgical renais- sance they often advance principles which either in theory or in prac- tice compromise this sacred cause and not infrequently even contam- inate it with errors .regarding Catholic faith and ascetical doc- trine." Secret Police Harassing Church Workers in German Area By MAX JORDAN (N. C. W. C. News Service) BERLIN, Dec. ll.--There is now a total of 3,308,668 Catholics in the Soviet zone of occupation in Ger- many, according to latest sta- tistics. Of these, 1,158,668 resided in the zone at the end of the war, while 2,150,000 came in afterwards as refugees and expellees from the eastern provinces annexed by Rus- sia and Poland. Priests now on duty in the zone number 1,324; 500 of them refu- gees. Only one Catholic publisher has so far been licensed in the Russian zone, but he is overburdened with orders from the Soviet administra- tion and unable to get out any Catholic publications. Soviet authorities have opened a special department for "Leninism" at the university of Leipzig. Stu- dents willing to take part iR these courses are given a monthly com- pensation of between 350-400 marks and one food parcel per month. Secret Police [amper Catholic Activities On the other hand, all Catholic activities continue to be severely handicapped by the communist- controlled secret po]jee which has its stooges evervhere.. Otto Gal- lus, a Catholic youth leader, re- cently disappeared after attending a meeting of ..i_q-group. Way-nor nrae-iromimmt .in tJae .:'m. fanf mbvement of Saxony, suffered the same fate't0gether with a num- ber of young students. Solemn Promises To Be Made Sunday In All U. S. Churches Legion Reports Percentage of Objectionable Films Increased Markedly In Present Year I N concert with millions of Catholics throughout the United States, members of all parishes in the Diocese of Seattle will renew the pledges of the Legioff of Decency, Sunday next. Congregations at every Mass will rise to their feet and solemnly pronounce the promises to see only good motion 5,000 Catholic Youths March Through Rome Pope Tells Them Courage, Conviction, Awareness Needed Now VATICAN CITY, Dec. 8.--(Ra- clio, NC)--HIS Holiness Pope Pins XII called upon young Catholics today to be aware of their mission and their duties "which the pres- ent moment imposes,upon you in a peremptory manner." Addressing 5,000 members of the Roman Diocesan Federation of Italian Catholic Action Youth Organizations, the Holy Father set forth three principal qualities as distinguishing marks of Cath- olic youth: (I) Adherence to clear and strong principles d convic- tions, (Z) Personal courage and (3) Awareness of the inseparable union between religion and life, ra yomsg le a'ga fdr the-observadde of e 35th eJ- niversary of their organization and marched from the Lateran Basilica through Rome to the Vat- tion pictures, to protest the show- Lug of 'lndecent and immoral pic- tures- and those which glorify crime and criminals," and to re- ma away altogether from places of amusement that show objection- able pictures as a matter of policy. Following the united counsel of the Hierarchy, all Catholics in the United States renew these pledges on the Sunday within the Octave of th feast of the Lmmaculate Conception. Each week The Progress pub- lishes the Legion of Decency classification of films currently being shown in this area. A de- tailed list of pictures now being distributed appears on page eight of this issue. Figures released at the National Legion of Decency headquarters in New York show that motion pictures rated "objectionable in part" reached a new record in percentages this year,as Catholics acax)ss the nation prepare to rs- llew their Legion of Decency pledges on Sunday, December 14. Commenting on the receu strong opposition . the Plctvwe "JB'orever Amber" by Biops, priests and the laity around tl3e country, the Rev. Patrick J. Masterson, executive ueeeta d _the t,)nal Legion, uaut rallying to the support of the Legion exceeds any other similar action in years.," Chinese communists were mere "Venerable brothers . . . not agrarian reformers not allied without sorrow have We learned with bloscow. that there are those who use the vernaCular in the celebration of Mr. Bullitt advocated the im- the august Sacrifice of the Eu- mediate turning over to the Chiang charist . . . The use of the Latin Kai hek government of the mili- language in the great art of the tary ,material "rotting and rust- Church is a clear and noble siq ing in the Aleutians, Japan, Oki- of unity and an effective antidote nawa, Guam and the Philippines," plus 60 to 75 million dollars worth to every corruption of pure doe- [ of cotton off gasohne wheat to trine. In many rites, of course, the ' ", " , , " [ use of the bernacular can be very bacco and machinery. He declared I that a relatively small amount of helpful to the people, but only the - I .. o^^ .- . ....... ^ gr-* l aid now would have a tremendous Hux  xXz t, Zl _JUWL U ztt, ! effect on Chinese morale this concession. Therefore, noth- " ] ing may licitly be done in this re- "But most of all," he stated, ! gard without the counsel and ap- "we need to have in China a proval of the Holy See; for, as general of the first order to or- WIe have said, regulations on the ganize at once with the Gener- scred liturgy depend exclusively alissimo ways and means to on its authority." preserve the vital interest ot Laity's Participation In Mass the United States in Chinese in- "Venerable brothers, it must be dependence. We have such a clearly explained to your flocks, General already in the Far East, that the faithful, in taking part in only five hours by plane from . (Continued on Page 5) Nanking--MacArthur.,' SPUR CAMPAIGN FRANKFURT, Dec. 9.(NC)-- The United Nations and all gov- ernments are "the work of the devil," speakers of Jehovah's Wit- nesses told street crowds in Kasset over a public address sys- tem installed on a truck. Because they are "devilish," the speakers said, "it is wrong for the estab- lished churches to pray for them." Teachings of this sort are in- cluded in the publications of Je- American-Born r iornremSe hovah's Witnesses who now seem to be more active than ever in var- Installed As Bishop. ious parts of Germany. They have just applied to American authori- ties for permission to send 250,000 copies of their books into the American zone for free distribu- tion. In view of the danger that teach- ings such as those spread in Kas- i sel might incite rebellion and en- courage subversive activities the request is not likely to be granted. . August Seeck of the Cologne ranch of the "Witnesses" was re- I cent] sentenced to tlwee months in jail for serious libel of the Catholic Church. progress . . ." Mrs. Meyer deplored the recent report of the non-sectarian Ameri- can Council on Education on "The Relation of Religion to Public Edu- cation." She said that the Council, which had urged that religion be presented as an integral part of all branches of learning, had gone "further than any church groups have ever dared to go. in defying the American traditions of separa- tion of Church and State." In Moslem Province DACCA, India, Dec. 11 (NC)-- To an American-born prelate, Bishop Lawrence Graner, C.S.C., of Dacca, went the honor of being the first bishop to be installed in eastern Pakistan since the estab- lishment of the Moslem State. Archbishop Ferdinand Perier, S.J., of Calcutta presided at the in- stallation ceremonies. I Bishop Graner is a native of l Franklin, Pa. He has spent most! of his priestly life in the Bengal! mission fields. I Only two recent items that are i not depressing can be reported in icon where the Pope received them this connection. The Sisters of in the Hall of Benedictions. I Charity were authorized to reopen In his address the Pope recalled It heir Catholic hospital in Dresden that .it was the Feast of the Im- ]and to rebuild their chapel which maculate Conception and said' he Iwas destroyed in an air raid. The wished to place young Catholics IRussians have also permitted the all over the world under the pro- i opening of a seminary for students of the former Archdiocese of Bres- tection of the Blessed Virgin so that the3" might advance victor- lau-in Neuzelle, near Guben. iously under her banner. "ToMa- The sight of Catholic youtl Per m,g through the streets o Rome presented a striking con' 'Pea-*- At' 00ast to oo,m.ns of c00mu- nist partisans who paraded in Christmas Time Rome over the week-end. LIMA, Peru -- (NC) -- A na- tional Peace Week, to be observed during the Christmas holidays from December 26 to 31, will be held throughofit Peru under the patronage of enora Maria de Je- sus de Bustamante, the first lady of the land. As part of the celebration Peru's cities will fly white 'lags and there will be a campaign to give wicle diffusion to the words of the Gospel, which, said Senora de Bustamante, '%rill interpret with profound eloquence the true feel- ing of this crusade of Christian brotherhood." # New Church for Tacoma Parish This is the new St. John of the Woods Church, in the Midland district near Tacoma, which will be dedi- cated, Sunday, December 14. The Right Rev. Monsignor W. J. Noonan, pastor of St. Patrick Parish, Tacoma, will officiate at the dedication ceremonies, beginning at 10:30 a. m. The new church, built at a cost of $42,500, replaces one destroyed by fire on Christmas ever, 1940. The Ray. Robert E. Logan, pastor of the parish, announces that a mission, to be preached by the Ray. Charles Suver, S.J., will begin in the church on its dedication day. Pilgrims From All Americas In Mexico For Guadalupe Feast MEXICO CITY, Dec. 9.(NC) --Pilgrims from all countries of the American continent have been gathering here this week in prep- aration for the "celebration of the Feast of our Lady of Guadalupe on December 12. The Archbishop offered the "Dawn of Day" Mass at the Guad- alupe Shrine at 4:30 a. m. today. Archbishop Jose Martinez of Mex- ico, will offer the solemn pontiff- " col Mass on the feast day in the beautiful Basilica. Nearly one in every six films--- 15.91 per cent--were put in Class "B" by the Legion reviewers. This compares With an overall average of 10 per cent in this classifica- tion since the first Legion ratings were issued in February, 1936. Amber Film Still Rated Objectionable YORK, Dec. 9.--(NC) The National Legion of Decency has announced here that the film "Forever Amber," the first pro- duction of Twentieth Century-Fo to receive the "C" or "Con- demned" clarification, has been removed from that rating and placed in the "B" or "Morally Ob- jectionable in Part" category with the following comment: "Revisions made in this film are deemed sufficient to meet ub- stantialiy the original objection of the Legion that the film glorifies immorality. However, 'Forever Amber' still lacks the adequate morally compensating v a 1 u e s which should be present in a story of this kind." Official Legion of Decency Pledge Renewal To the Clergy and Laity of the Diocese of Seattle: THE pledge of the Legion of Decency will be renewed in all parish and mission churches on Sunday, December 14, 1947. The form of the pledge to be read is published herewith. December 12, 1947. Bishop of Seattle In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. I condemn indecent and immoral pictures and those which glorify crime or criminals. I promise to unite with all who protest against them. I acknowledge my obligation to form a right conscience about pictures that are dangerous to my moral life. As a member of the Legion of Decency, I pledge nyself to see only good pictures. I promise, further, to stay away altogether from places of amusement which show pictures than can be an occasion of sin. Please turn to Page 3 for other official notices Vital News Through fadlities of the N. C, W. C. Service The Progress pr seats, in every issue, vital Cath- olic news and'views from all the world. Christmas Edition The Progress presents its annual Christmas Edition, in four sections. It goes to our readers with the cordial wishes of many business friends. You can reciprocate by patronizing the ad- vertisers. | I Vol. 50, No. 49. FIRST OF FOUR SECTIONS , SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1947 -  (Published Every Friday) " $2.50 Per Year I | I I MILLICNS TO RENEW LEGION OF DECENCY PLEDGE Greek Rite Bishop Slain : By Red Troops 'Sudden Death' Report Is Amplified With Details of Brutal Murder HOMESTEAD, Pa., Dec. 10.-- (NC)---Shocking particulars con- cerning the "sudden deaths" of Bishop Theodore G. Romzha of the Byzantine-Slavonic Catholic dio- cese of Mukacevo, (Soviet Car- patho-Ukraine) two priests and two seminarians, last October 25, were revealed here Friday by Bishop Daniel Ivancho, coadjutor of the Greek Rite Diocese of Pittsburgh. (The "sudden" death of Bisii- up Romzha, under unexplained circumstances, was previoUsly reported in a Prague dispatch to N.C.W.C. News Service, dated November 24. ) According to reports received by Bishop 'Ivancho from reliable sources abroad, the story behind the deaths of 36-year-old Bishop Romzha and his companions is as follows: On October 25, Bishop Romzha, the Rev. Daniel Bachinsky (a classmate of Bishop Ivancho), and the Rev. Nestor Silvay, accom- panied by two unidentified simi- narians, were driivng in a horse- drawn cart to the large parish of Veliki Lucki, near Uzhorod, Bishop Romzha's See city. Both of the priest victims according to Bishop Ivancho, have relatives who are priests in North A.merica. On Way To Reconsecrate Churca Some years ago, the pegple ,:of: the Veliki Lucki parish had gone ovex to the schismatic Russian Or- thodox Church, .but after, tha at= rival of the communists they had become disillusioned. They re- pented and petitioned for reunio with the Byzantine-Slavonic Rite. Their petition was granted and Bishop Romzha and his compan- ions were enroute to the parish to reconsecrate the church. While driving to Veliki Lucki, a military tank came from he- NEW VIEW OF BETHLEHEM z tracks Released-TimeIThree Million Religion Program, Asks Catholics In Protestants Reject It Soviet Zone U, S, SUPBEME A.IqTON10, Dec. 11.--A ] vehement attack upon the re- ]leased - time religious - education COURT CONSIDERS ,program in American public I schools was made here in an ad- dress before the annual meeting of ATHEIS00S APPEAL WASI-HNGTON, D. C., Dec. 9-- The United States Supreme Court today heard the plea of a professe d atheist that Champaign, IUinois public schools be prohibiteql from permitting religious instruction classes in their buildings. The classes are conducted by Protestant, Catholic and Jewish instructors, after regular classes and without cost to the schools. Pupils take the instructions after their parents sign requests. Mrs. Vashi McCollum, the" pro- fessed atheist appeallant, is the wife of a University'of Ilinois pro- fessor. She says her 14-year-old thee Texas State Teachers Associa- tion by Mrs. Eugene Meyer, widely- known writer and speaker on so- cial problems and wife of the pub- lisher of the Washington Post. Mrs. Meyer appealed to the new Protestant preserve t h e First Amendznent group headed by Methodist Bishop G. Bromley Ox- ham to stop the "battering down'of public school doors" by sectarian clergymen. Only if they see to it that the released-time program is elimin.ated, she said, "will Pro- testants be justified in opposing Catholic claims for public support l of their parochial schools." i She also held that an "unreal- istic Catholic leadership," though allegedly without support from Catholics generally, looks upon public health and welfare, aid to parochial school children as a "stepping stone toward their am- bition that their schools be" recog- nized as an integral part of the American educational system, with the same rights as our public schools to public support." -Scores Catholics Mrs. Meyer said that Catholic theologians, lawyers and historians are busy at attempts to destroy the First Amendment. She" said that' the "American Bishops" recent statement on secularismwas part of a campaign to "confuse Ameri- cans and create among us a dis- son James was embarrassedby be- i.ng the only child in his.class who did not take religious instructions. The Illinois state-co.urt rejected her contention that. the giving of the instructions violated the First Amendment of the U. S. Constitu- tion ...... The U. S. Supreme Court, at conclusion o the: appeal hehrg, today, took the case ufider advise- ment. - . .. The finding of-facts in the: case I YAH W}t trust of our own most sacred ,in. " It is 1the belis-'ofthe Catholic Church here which are heard aroUnd the " ,stitutiorm . . :' The result, she contended, is that "the leaders of wo,,00 Do / DIVISION The lower level of the CROWD of the Nativity (below)contains flze] GERMAN a serious threat to our national recess (X) which long held the Manger, the wooden pieces of which[ unit, stability and educational are now in the Basilica of St. Ma" Major in Rome. The natural roek  by the Illinois courts, ': presentqd J In Otis new v|e, 0f Bethiehem, the .rlst  .marked hy a cross the I to the(continued.ustices onfPagethe 7)United loeatl0n of the Basilica of the Nativity, between the wo belfries, I " " (Catholic one at the left). is Covered with marble slabs, lighted by lamps and adorned with paintings of the Adoration of the Shepherds. It is in exclusive Catholic possession. Copyrighted photos by Albina Bros., Jerusalem. (NCWC) (Continued on Page 5) FOUR SENTENCE Sta l i n Wo n'f Stop, IN WARSAW TRIALI M'A rt h u r C a n Sto p W'ARSAW--(IC) -- Dr. W2odzi- mierz Bllan and Jan Stepien were sentenced to death and Jan Kor- necki and Franciszek Kacki were Him, Says Bullitt oLUMBuS, O., Dec. 9.--(NC)-- I To keep China out of Stalin's] hands, the United States must I send her munitions, economic aid and MacArthur. To keep Western Europe free from communist domination, the U. S. must supply economic and financial aid and,take the lead in establishing a democratic political union in that area. These were the recommendations of William C. Bullitt, former U. S. Ambassador to Russia and France,' in his address here in the Erskine Lecture series, sponsorl by the College of St. Mary of the Spring. sentenced to 8 and 5 year prison terms respectively at the close of tile, recent Warsaw trial of mem- bers of the Polish National Party, which has been outlawed by the Communist Warsaw regime. Dr. Bilan, a Przemysl lawyer, prewar president of the National Party for the Przemysi district, an active member of Catholic or- ganizations, and a leader of the Polish underground during the German occupation, was charged, along with his co-defendants, with conspiracy against the regime. They were declared to have plot- ted the overthrow of the regime by force. Mr. Bullitt gave his listeners a sharp warning: "America is in danger. Stalin like Hitler wm not stop. I4e can only be stopped." He rejected the idea 'of a preventive war, however, as morally unfeasible. "We cannot create the custom of all nations treating one another as a peace group by launching a war, fid blotting the peoples of the Soviet Union off the earth with atomic bombs, during the rears when we have the bombs and they do not have the bombs. The former dipIomat criticized American policy with regard to Modern Music, Art Can Be -Fitting in W c,rship, Says New Encyclical on Liturgy China. He said the Yalta Agrde- ment under which the Russians were given interests in Manchuria was the most "unnecessarily dis- graceful and potentially disastrous document.., ever signed by a President of the, United States." He said General Marshall failed in his mission to China because he accepted the preva- lent U. S. Government view that the Soviet Union was a "peace- loving democracy" and that the (By N.C.W.C. News Service) The following are unofficial translations of excerpts from the papal Encyclical "Mediator Dei" on the Sacred Liturgy, issued by His Holiness Pope Plus XII. "l'lle  official English translation of the encyclical has not yet been issued by the Holy ee. 'TF WE must lament on the one hand that in some areas the understanding of the sacred lit- urgy is at times neglected or al- most ignored, We note on the other hand with apprehensive solic- itude that some, too desirous of innovations, stray from the path of sound doctrine and prudence. For in promoting a liturgical renais- sance they often advance principles which either in theory or in prac- tice compromise this sacred cause and not infrequently even contam- inate it with errors .regarding Catholic faith and ascetical doc- trine." Secret Police Harassing Church Workers in German Area By MAX JORDAN (N. C. W. C. News Service) BERLIN, Dec. ll.--There is now a total of 3,308,668 Catholics in the Soviet zone of occupation in Ger- many, according to latest sta- tistics. Of these, 1,158,668 resided in the zone at the end of the war, while 2,150,000 came in afterwards as refugees and expellees from the eastern provinces annexed by Rus- sia and Poland. Priests now on duty in the zone number 1,324; 500 of them refu- gees. Only one Catholic publisher has so far been licensed in the Russian zone, but he is overburdened with orders from the Soviet administra- tion and unable to get out any Catholic publications. Soviet authorities have opened a special department for "Leninism" at the university of Leipzig. Stu- dents willing to take part iR these courses are given a monthly com- pensation of between 350-400 marks and one food parcel per month. Secret Police [amper Catholic Activities On the other hand, all Catholic activities continue to be severely handicapped by the communist- controlled secret po]jee which has its stooges evervhere.. Otto Gal- lus, a Catholic youth leader, re- cently disappeared after attending a meeting of ..i_q-group. Way-nor nrae-ir6mimmt .in tJae .:'m. fanf mbvement of Saxony, suffered the same fate't0gether with a num- ber of young students. Solemn Promises To Be Made Sunday In All U. S. Churches Legion Reports Percentage of Objectionable Films Increased Markedly In Present Year I N concert with millions of Catholics throughout the United States, members of all parishes in the Diocese of Seattle will renew the pledges of the Legioff of Decency, Sunday next. Congregations at every Mass will rise to their feet and solemnly pronounce the promises to see only good motion 5,000 Catholic Youths March Through Rome Pope Tells Them Courage, Conviction, Awareness Needed Now VATICAN CITY, Dec. 8.--(Ra- clio, NC)--HIS Holiness Pope Pins XII called upon young Catholics today to be aware of their mission and their duties "which the pres- ent moment imposes,upon you in a peremptory manner." Addressing 5,000 members of the Roman Diocesan Federation of Italian Catholic Action Youth Organizations, the Holy Father set forth three principal qualities as distinguishing marks of Cath- olic youth: (I) Adherence to clear and strong principles d convic- tions, (Z) Personal courage and (3) Awareness of the inseparable union between religion and life, ra yomsg le a'ga fdr the-observadde of e 35th eJ- niversary of their organization and marched from the Lateran Basilica through Rome to the Vat- tion pictures, to protest the show- Lug of 'lndecent and immoral pic- tures- and those which glorify crime and criminals," and to re- ma away altogether from places of amusement that show objection- able pictures as a matter of policy. Following the united counsel of the Hierarchy, all Catholics in the United States renew these pledges on the Sunday within the Octave of th feast of the Lmmaculate Conception. Each week The Progress pub- lishes the Legion of Decency classification of films currently being shown in this area. A de- tailed list of pictures now being distributed appears on page eight of this issue. Figures released at the National Legion of Decency headquarters in New York show that motion pictures rated "objectionable in part" reached a new record in percentages this year,as Catholics acax)ss the nation prepare to rs- llew their Legion of Decency pledges on Sunday, December 14. Commenting on the receu strong opposition . the Plctvwe "JB'orever Amber" by Biops, priests and the laity around tl3e country, the Rev. Patrick J. Masterson, executive ueeeta d _the t,)nal Legion, aut rallying to the support of the Legion exceeds any other similar action in years.," Chinese communists were mere "Venerable brothers . . . not agrarian reformers not allied without sorrow have We learned with bloscow. that there are those who use the vernaCular in the celebration of Mr. Bullitt advocated the im- the august Sacrifice of the Eu- mediate turning over to the Chiang charist . . . The use of the Latin Kai hek government of the mili- language in the great art of the tary ,material "rotting and rust- Church is a clear and noble siq ing in the Aleutians, Japan, Oki- of unity and an effective antidote nawa, Guam and the Philippines," plus 60 to 75 million dollars worth to every corruption of pure doe- [ of cotton off gasohne wheat to trine. In many rites, of course, the ' ", " , , " [ use of the bernacular can be very bacco and machinery. He declared I that a relatively small amount of helpful to the people, but only the - I .. o^^ .- . ....... ^ gr-* l aid now would have a tremendous Hux  xXz t, Zl _JUWL U ztt, ! effect on Chinese morale this concession. Therefore, noth- " ] ing may licitly be done in this re- "But most of all," he stated, ! gard without the counsel and ap- "we need to have in China a proval of the Holy See; for, as general of the first order to or- WIe have said, regulations on the ganize at once with the Gener- scred liturgy depend exclusively alissimo ways and means to on its authority." preserve the vital interest ot Laity's Participation In Mass the United States in Chinese in- "Venerable brothers, it must be dependence. We have such a clearly explained to your flocks, General already in the Far East, that the faithful, in taking part in only five hours by plane from . (Continued on Page 5) Nanking--MacArthur.,' SPUR CAMPAIGN FRANKFURT, Dec. 9.(NC)-- The United Nations and all gov- ernments are "the work of the devil," speakers of Jehovah's Wit- nesses told street crowds in Kasset over a public address sys- tem installed on a truck. Because they are "devilish," the speakers said, "it is wrong for the estab- lished churches to pray for them." Teachings of this sort are in- cluded in the publications of Je- American-Born r iornremSe hovah's Witnesses who now seem to be more active than ever in var- Installed As Bishop. ious parts of Germany. They have just applied to American authori- ties for permission to send 250,000 copies of their books into the American zone for free distribu- tion. In view of the danger that teach- ings such as those spread in Kas- i sel might incite rebellion and en- courage subversive activities the request is not likely to be granted. . August Seeck of the Cologne ranch of the "Witnesses" was re- I cent] sentenced to tlwee months in jail for serious libel of the Catholic Church. progress . . ." Mrs. Meyer deplored the recent report of the non-sectarian Ameri- can Council on Education on "The Relation of Religion to Public Edu- cation." She said that the Council, which had urged that religion be presented as an integral part of all branches of learning, had gone "further than any church groups have ever dared to go. in defying the American traditions of separa- tion of Church and State." In Moslem Province DACCA, India, Dec. 11 (NC)-- To an American-born prelate, Bishop Lawrence Graner, C.S.C., of Dacca, went the honor of being the first bishop to be installed in eastern Pakistan since the estab- lishment of the Moslem State. Archbishop Ferdinand Perier, S.J., of Calcutta presided at the in- stallation ceremonies. I Bishop Graner is a native of l Franklin, Pa. He has spent most! of his priestly life in the Bengal! mission fields. I Only two recent items that are i not depressing can be reported in icon where the Pope received them this connection. The Sisters of in the Hall of Benedictions. I Charity were authorized to reopen In his address the Pope recalled It heir Catholic hospital in Dresden that .it was the Feast of the Im- ]and to rebuild their chapel which maculate Conception and said' he Iwas destroyed in an air raid. The wished to place young Catholics IRussians have also permitted the all over the world under the pro- i opening of a seminary for students of the former Archdiocese of Bres- tection of the Blessed Virgin so that the3" might advance victor- lau-in Neuzelle, near Guben. iously under her banner. "ToMa- The sight of Catholic youtl Per m,g through the streets o Rome presented a striking con' 'Pea-*- At' 00ast to oo,m.ns of c00mu- nist partisans who paraded in Christmas Time Rome over the week-end. LIMA, Peru -- (NC) -- A na- tional Peace Week, to be observed during the Christmas holidays from December 26 to 31, will be held throughofit Peru under the patronage of enora Maria de Je- sus de Bustamante, the first lady of the land. As part of the celebration Peru's cities will fly white 'lags and there will be a campaign to give wicle diffusion to the words of the Gospel, which, said Senora de Bustamante, '%rill interpret with profound eloquence the true feel- ing of this crusade of Christian brotherhood." # New Church for Tacoma Parish This is the new St. John of the Woods Church, in the Midland district near Tacoma, which will be dedi- cated, Sunday, December 14. The Right Rev. Monsignor W. J. Noonan, pastor of St. Patrick Parish, Tacoma, will officiate at the dedication ceremonies, beginning at 10:30 a. m. The new church, built at a cost of $42,500, replaces one destroyed by fire on Christmas ever, 1940. The Ray. Robert E. Logan, pastor of the parish, announces that a mission, to be preached by the Ray. Charles Suver, S.J., will begin in the church on its dedication day, Pilgrims From All Americas In Mexico For Guadalupe Feast MEXICO CITY, Dec. 9.(NC) --Pilgrims from all countries of the American continent have been gathering here this week in prep- aration for the "celebration of the Feast of our Lady of Guadalupe on December 12. The Archbishop offered the "Dawn of Day" Mass at the Guad- alupe Shrine at 4:30 a. m. today. Archbishop Jose Martinez of Mex- ico, will offer the solemn pontiff- " col Mass on the feast day in the beautiful Basilica. Nearly one in every six films--- 15.91 per cent--were put in Class "B" by the Legion reviewers. This compares With an overall average of 10 per cent in this classifica- tion since the first Legion ratings were issued in February, 1936. Amber Film Still Rated Objectionable YORK, Dec. 9.--(NC) The National Legion of Decency has announced here that the film "Forever Amber," the first pro- duction of Twentieth Century-Fo to receive the "C" or "Con- demned" clarification, has been removed from that rating and placed in the "B" or "Morally Ob- jectionable in Part" category with the following comment: "Revisions made in this film are deemed sufficient to meet ub- stantialiy the original objection of the Legion that the film glorifies immorality. However, 'Forever Amber' still lacks the adequate morally compensating v a 1 u e s which should be present in a story of this kind." Official Legion of Decency Pledge Renewal To the Clergy and Laity of the Diocese of Seattle: THE pledge of the Legion of Decency will be renewed in all parish and mission churches on Sunday, December 14, 1947. The form of the pledge to be read is published herewith. December 12, 1947. Bishop of Seattle In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. I condemn indecent and immoral pictures and those which glorify crime or criminals. I promise to unite with all who protest against them. I acknowledge my obligation to form a right conscience about pictures that are dangerous to my moral life. As a member of the Legion of Decency, I pledge nyself to see only good pictures. I promise, further, to stay away altogether from places of amusement which show pictures than can be an occasion of sin. Please turn to Page 3 for other official notices