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Catholic Northwest Progress
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December 11, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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December 11, 1964

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2--THEPROGRESS Friday, Dec. l[, [964 HitsCharges Church "n Congo 'Ta get' ric piigr age Ends *g ' r Histo im ains w,y was Fu]gence Buyaoula "I am quite positive about Plus Xll H-errTh being hunted? that. Many of the current Do- ) e Church itself was the real "This Christian trade union- litical leaders in Brazzaville are (Continued From Page 1) NEW YORK (NC)mA target in the torture of ist is not a criminal. But in Marxisls who were indoctrin- ordained priests at the Oval, then proceeded to Bombay's Holy Name cathedral where a large gathering of nuns was delighted when he offered a dialogue Mass in their pres- ence .... After Mass, the Pope went to Cardinal Gracias' residence, which was to be his home dur- ing the visit, and held the first of many receptions. He thanked Vice President Hussain and Prime Minister Shastri for his welcome and exchanged gifts with them. Thursday, December 3, Pope Paul'S first full day in Born- bay, started with an unsched- uled visit by Naga tribesmen, a once fierce tribe of head- hunters who are now mostly Christians. They presented the Pope with a spear which he hefted with a smile. Next he met briefly with the mayor of Bombay, then spoke privately for a time with 81-year-old Catholicos Basilica Ougen 10f the Syrian Orthodox Church of India: According to his state- ment released later, the Pope said he was working "humbly but confidently for the recon- ciliation of all Christians in the unity of the one and only Church of Christ." There followed two more receptions, one for non.Catho- lic religious leaders and an- other for the diplomatic corps; then the Pope traveled to the governor's house to meet with Indian President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. A student of philosophy, the president discarded his pre- pared text to speak about St. Thomas Aquinas. The Pope, in turn, talked about Indian leaders Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, and gave the president $50,000 for In- digs poor. The high point of the day came that evening when Pope Paul returned to the congress Oval to consecrate six bishops. He entered the Oval in a white jeep standing next to Cardinal Grecias. Many in the large crowd were not Christions, but they listened respectfully to the unfamiliar Latin words of the service and to Cardinal Gracias when he said the Pope's visit will shaw to all persons "that the Catholic Church is supranational of its very nature; that she is mother of all nations and all people, no less then of all men indi- vidually; that she cannot and does not belong exclusively to this or that people . . . " Pope Paul said he chose to consecrate the six bishops to rOVe he was "obedient to the ve of Christ, that immense love pouring forth upon all peoples, upon all men of this earth." The Pope opened his next day's visit December 4 by cel- ebrating an outdoor Mass at St. Paul's church, a poor work- ing-class perish in one ofB0m- bay's industrial districts. More than 5,000 persons were pres- ent. From there he went to an orphanage to distribute first Communion to 22 small boys. After breakfast at the or- phanage, the Pope was whisked off to a rally of the Indian Catholic University Federation where about 40,000 high school and college students shouted their welcome. Then the Pope was taken to a large public hospital. He visited the chil- dren's ward, blesscd a young man giving blood at the blood bank, donated a diathermy ma- chine to the hospital and chat- ted with a group of Catholic nurses. That afternoon, after another civic reception, Pope Paul re- turned to the congress Oval to preside at a Malankara-rite Mass and bless about 50 sick and crinoled persons. He told the vast audience that the plurality of the Catholic rites "is a living witness to the catholicity of the Church of Christ." Later that evening he participated in a dramtic Way of the Cross around the tiered altar in the center of the Oval. During the evening, after the Mass, the Pope spoke AT ST. PAUL ORPHANAGE in Bombay, where the greetings of homeless boys brought tears to his eyes, Pope Paul VI had breakfast with a group of the ),oungsters. Here the Pope smilingly offers a rosary to a lad who appears to prefer to eat his orange. with newsmen who had been covering his visit. He told them that the press should attempt tO Steer nations away from the armaments race and should encourage them to use more money for the poor and for developing nations. The Pope left Bombay at noon on the following day, De- cember 5, a short time earlier than expected because of the receptiou being planned for him in Rome. First, however, he celebrated Mass once more in Holy Name cathedral--this time for Bombay altar boys.' After Mass he left by car for the small fishing village of Bandra for e visit to the shrine of the Blessed Virgin there. Another group of pilgrims, lead by Julius Cardinal Doepfner of Munich and Freising, Germany, had walked the 18 miles from the city. It was the familiar story of crowds jammed along the sides of the roads as the Pope ar- rived, driving past two gaily- decorated fishing boats drown up by the side of the road. After visiting the shrine, he departed for a brief visit to a diocesan seminary On his way to the airport. The airport's terminal was as crowded with people as it had been three days before on the Pope's arrival. After speaking a few words, Pope Paul made the sign of the cross and disappeared into the Italian jet liner. There were no stops on the flight back, and the trip was uneventful except when some Turkish military fighters, or- dered to escort the papal flight over Turkey, flew "dangerous- ly close" to the jet liner, ac- cording to some of those on board. Although some news- men and passengers were made jittery, it was reported the Pope was not disturbed by the incident. Rome was alight with torch- es and crowds for the Pope's arrival. He was met at the air- port by Premier Aldo Moro, Vice Premier Pietro Nenni and a large number of prelates. As he motored into Rome, small children in Trastevere launched balloons. One small girl gave him a bouquet of roses and the Pope leaned over to kiss her. The streets along his route were crowded with cheering Romans. Others shouted their welcome from office buildings. After a short ceremony in St. Peter's Square, witnessed by a crowd of 150,000, the Pope went inside, only to appear a few minutes later at the window of his apartment. He blessed the crowd in the square below, and they went home. for that Special Gift! A Subscription To The Catholic Northwest Proqress Sarf With The Christmas Edition Policeman Pays Homage to Pope A TRAFFIC POLICEMAN in Bombay kneels to kiss the hands of Pope Paul December 4 as he stands with his host, Valerian Cardinal Gracias. Darsban--Indian reverence for a person of integrity and dedication to God mwas every- where in evidence as the people of Bombay sought to honor "the holy man from Rome." Liturgy Series On KING During December The Catholic Hour will con- tinue the current series dealing with liturgical changes es de- creed by Vatican If on NBC radio during the month of De- cember. It is heard in the Northwest at 7:30 a.m. Sun- days on radio KING. These programs, highlights from the 1964 Liturgical Week held in St. Louis last August, feature noted liturgists speak- ing on the Liturgical theme: "The Challenge of the Council: The Pe.rson, the parish, The World." Speakers and their subjects include: December 13: "Church Mu- sic in Parish Worship," Rev. Frederick McManus, profes- sor of Canon Law, Catholic University of America. December 20: "New Con- cepts in Liturgical Music," The 309 mixed-voice Liturgical Week Choir under direction of Dr. C. Alexander Pelcquin, Christmas Appeal For Needy The St. Vincent de Paul So- ciety is again making its an- nual Christmas aFpeal for the needy in the Greater Seattle area. The program provides food baskets, warm clothing and toys for children of needy fam- ilies. Other little Christmas gifts are being asked for those in hospitals and nursing homes. "Vincentians will bring not only food and gifts personally to the many heavy-hearted people but spiritual blessings, comfort, kindness and en- couragement as well," said Thomas T. Kobayashi, presi- dent of the society's Particu- lar Council of Seattle. Contributions are earnestly solicited, he said. These may be directed to the Society of St. Vincent de Paul Christmas Gifts, 410 Marion St., Seattle 98104. Former Viatorian Superior Dies QUEBEC, Qua. (NC)--Father Lucien Page, C.S.V., 65, former Off the Press December 20 Order Todav! j will present examples of con- superior general of the Clerics temporary sacred music in the of St. Viator, died at the In- $4 for a Full Year's Subscription   vernaculer, recorded in St. stitute for Deaf Mutes at near- GIFT CARD WILL BE SENT  John s Basilica in St. Louis by Charlesbourg. I December 27: "Charity and Father Page served as superior I during the Liturgical Week. A priest for nearly 40 years, Ih  Progress t h e Christian Conscience," general of the Viatorians from Terry Avenue MA. 2.8880 mR Barbara Ward, noted econo- 1949 to 1959. He then directed I 907 , mist, author and let:turer, in the building of the Charles- her address to the 32nd an- bourg Institute, which now , nual convention of the Na- cares for 250 deaf mutes. tional Council of Catholic Father Page composed two Women, held in Washington, special works for deaf mutes, D.C., in November. a catechism and a prayer book, student of Vatican diplo- macy during World War II has said recent charges of sympathy by Pope Plus XII for the Nazis are in "absolute contradiction" to solid evi- dence. The Rev. Robert A. Graham, S.J., author of the volume "Vatican Diplomacy," made his comments in America De- cember 5, the National Catho- lic weekly review of which he is an associate editor. The Jesuit noted publication in European newspapers of papers found in the Nazi For- eign Ministry. These were dis- patches from Nazi diplomats in Rome to Berlin he&dquar- ters saying that Plus XII was sympathetic to their cause. He said they were not new papers, having been in use during the ;war crimes trials at Nuremberg in 1946. He also said they were "self.serving dispatches" by German diplo- mats. "If the Vatican Was really pro-Nazi, it succeeded admir- ably in keeping solid evidence to this effect out of Nazi dispatches," observed Father Graham who has read the original papers in the Politi- cal Archives in Bonn, Ger- many. Fui'thermore, he added, there are "convincing examples" of the Vafican's real positions. He said Pius XI1 hd a part in a 1939 plan 6f the anti-Nazi German resistance to abolish Hitler. The Pope transmitted proposals of the planners to the British Ambassador at the Vatican, he reported. Pope Plus also supported President Franklin D. Roose- velt's decision to extend lend- lease to the Soviet. Union, he said.. ,'When .the USSR was at, tacked, the question of Amer- ican aid to Stalin ran up against the objection that this would be a wicked form of cooperation wit h Commu- nism, denounced in the 1937 encyclical, 'On A t h e i s t i c Communism.' "Myron C, . Taylor,. President Roosevelt's personal represen- tative, plus XII, however, that.a less rigorous interpretation of the encyclical was both legitimate end neces- sary. As a result of Vatican clarifications, U.S. Catholic op- position melted away," Father Graham wrote. NCWC Groups Help Job Recruimen WASHINGTON (NC)- Sargent Shriver said here that Catholic agencies and other private groups will join in the recruitment campaign for t.he government's new "Job Corps" for deprived youngsters. Shriver, director of the Office of Economic Opportunity, said recruiting: material will be dis- tributed through 25200 local branches of 33 national organi- zations. Some 40,000 young men and women between the ages of 16 and 21 are expected to en- roll in the corps during its first year. They will be of. fered basic education and skill training in residential centers in both urban and rural areas. 'Catholic cooperation will be guided throughthe National Catholic Coordinating Commit- tee on Economic Opportunity. The committee's membership comprises various departments of the National Catholic Wel- fare Conference here and other agencies, such as the National Conference of Catholic Chari- ties and National Catholic Rural Life Conference. "Opportunity Cards" by which a youth indicates his in- terest in the Job Corps will be available through the cooper- ating private organizations and at all U.S. post offices. Or, an interested youth can merely send his name and ad- dress on a postcard to the Job Corps, Office of Economic Op- portunity, Washington, D.C., 20506, and the government will follow through. Vocations Increase ROME (NC) -- The number of seminarians in Spain has risen in the past 10 years from 13,056 to 16,478, according to a report published here. The survey on the pastoral situation in Spain also indicates an increase in the number of religious vocations, tAkeview 4-0666 Seaffle one French missioner and the imprisonment and expulsion of another priest from Brazzaviile, capital of the Congo Republic, one of the priests declared here. The Rev. Andre Lemaire, C. S.Sp., was expelled in late No- vember from the former French Congo along with Father Larre, who had been brutally tortured by the Brazzaville police. Also ousted from the African nation were four young French mere- the view of the Brazzaville government he e m b o d i e d trade union freedom, the right to live and express per- sonal opinions f r e e I y. All these things are scoffed at in the Congo now. Because of his presence and his activi- ties, Biyaoula was in the way of the government, which is trying, to impose on the coun- try a single state-controlled labor union similar to the currently-prevailing one-party system." bers of Catholic Action. All of What happened when Biya- them were released from jail. oula called on you for help? prior to their expulsion thanks "We hid him in the house to the intervention of the French embassy in Brazzavtlle. Father Lemaire told the N.C. W.C. News Service in an inter- view here that the current re- pression of the Church in the onetime French colony is caused by the fact that many of the political leaders there are Communist oriented. These re- gard the Church as an obstacle in carrying out their' policies because many Congolese are Catholic. Father Lemaire stressed that individual priests or Catholic laymen are just immediate tar- gets. The major object of gov- ernment action against them is the Church. The former French Congo adjoins the former Bel- gian Congo, the current scene of major bloodshed and rebel- lion. Father Lemaire said: "First of all I must point out that I was not tortured. But I underwent unbelievable mistreatment. I was thrown half naked into a dark cell with a cement floor where I spent a difficult night because I suffered from an attack of malaria. But I was not tor- tured." Asked if Ihe treatment of Father Larre could be called torture; he replied: "That is correct. My com- panion, Father Larre, was giv- en barbarous treatment: he was submitted to electric shocks, his arms and legs were twisted, his chest was crushed. He suffered a lot." What was the reason for such treatment? "They wanted him .to con- fess that we had received eases of arms and' ammuni- tion from some foreign em- bassies and that we had bur- ied them in the garden of the archbishop's r e s i d e n c e in Brazzaville." But did your arrest have an- other motive? "Yes. Father Larre and I were arrested along with four young French members of the Catholic Action (three girls and a boy) because we had sheltered Fulgence Biyaoula, president of the African Confed- eration of Christian Workers, and tried to help him leave the Congo 'illegally.' He had felt threatened and asked us to save his life." Were the police after him? "We did not know before he came to see us that there was a warrant out for his arrest. But he was evidently a hunted man, and our duty as priests was to help him." where the young French Cath- olic Actionists were lodged, Afterwards we looked for a way to get him across the Congo River, which is the boundary between Brazzaville and Leo- poldville, so that he could take refuge in the former Belgian Congo." And you were caught by the police? "Yes. The fugitive was sup- posed to cross the river in a canoe. While I was driving him to the river in my car, the po- messages every lice intercepted me. Biyaoula, confirm that." ated in eastern European tries. They grant shelter in the Congo to groups of political agitators, influenced more by Peking than Moscow, who regu- larly cross the Congo river to spread subversion in the former Belgian Congo. "The Church is regarded as an obstacle because many Congolese are Christian. Through the Biyaoula affair they tried to discredit us by claiming that the missions were connected with counter- revolution." What was the reaction of the( pea@. le? "Very good and extremely encouraging. Archbishop Theo- philo Mbemba of Brazzaville came back hastily from Rome and issued a declaration affirm- ing that neither I nor Father Larre had meddled in politics i by helping a man who was be-1 ing tracked down." " 'This is not politics,' Arch- bishop Mbemba said, 'this is just charity.' The Christians of the Congo understood this very well. Here in Paris we receive day which disguised in a woman's dress, was recognized and we were arrested and brought to the po- i lice station. "Biyaoula and Father Larre were tortured. One of the girls who was brought along was threatened with attack. I was supposed to be tortured the next day, but when the French embassy intervened it was decided to expel us." Is there any connection be- tween your case and the arrest of Father Louis Badila, editor of La Semaine Africaine? "No connection at all. The ed- itor of this paper is a young Congolese priest. His paper is the most influential in the whole Congo and even in other parts of central Africa. "Because of the present.situ- ation in the Congo, Father Ba- dila, who called for Congolese freedom, became a source of special concern to the govern- ment. His adherence to truth was looked on as unbearable in a country which is moving along the lines of Chinese Com- munism. For a long while this priest-journalist, in the view of the Brazza.ville government, was the man to knock down." And it took advantage of a good occasion to arrest him? "Yes. Although he did not take part in the unsuccessful attempt of Biyaoula to run away. Father Badila was ar- rested by the police pn:Novem- bar 25 and brutally tortured the next day to make him confess to plotting with certain embas- sies. In one of his latest articles in La Semaine Africaine, Fa- ther Badila had denounced the practice of torture in the Con- go." Do you believe that the real target of the Congolese regime is the Church? fish The Christian Brothers, Nape, California At All Better Grocery Stores Remember "SUNNY JIM," famous Peanut Butter, Jams & Preserves WEEK-END SPECIAL! At Your Favorite... U and l SUGAR 10-lb. 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