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Catholic Northwest Progress
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November 29, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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November 29, 1963

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--THE PROGRESS Fdday Nov. 2% 1963 Unwavering Support yndon Baines Johnson, although per- haps the most capable Vice Presi- dent ever elected to that high office, will nevertheless need the loyal and unwaver- ing support of the entire nation if he as President is to steer our ship of state through the mounting seas of fear and disillusionment which erupted on the streets of Dallas and have spread throughout the land. The Progress pledges unwavering support and fervent prayers that God will grant him the added heilth, wisdom and spiritual determination the Presi- dency of these United States demands. 'The Last Chapter' A week ago today, John F, Kennedy wrote the last ,chapter in "Pro, files in Courage." He wrote it in his own blood as the entire world looked on in shocked horror. No one will ever be able to rewrite that last chapter more elo- quently than John Kennedy wrote it himself. Words are incapable of describ- ing the eloquence of greatness. The Progress wishes to combine the tributes paid to our late President, women and children all over the world by our Holy Father, Pope Paul mby school children -- by the religious and clergy of every faith from every land-- by bus drivers and engineers--by diplo- matic heads of state--by all the members of the Armed Services standing in rev- erent salute across the globe--by fathers of families--by mothers--by stenogra- phers, clerks and druggists n by all the eloquence with which the human mind and heart acknowledged our fallen Chief, be it in the form of an inspiring eulogy or a glistening tear--tq all these expres- sions of respect, admiration, gratitude and love, we add our own humble ,Amen." May he rest in peace. The Lesson of Tragedy t would be remiss if Americans did not learn some profound lessons from the tragic events of last week. Certainly, a national re.eamination of conscience on the Second Commandment of God Love thy neighbormis in order. For the President's death shows clearly that the wages of hate, love's opposite, are irra- tional fear, animal violence and human destruction. But, how far should love go? Father Treacy's concluding remarks to the Knights of Columbus, at their spe- cial Presidential requiem Mass Mon- day evening, answered that question dramatically. He closed his eulogy on President Kennedy with a prayer for the departed soul of Lee Harvey Oswald. Shortly after Oswald's own violent death, many people were interviewed on radio and television. A shocking number thought that Jack Ruby deserved a Con- gressional medal of honor for his ignoble deed. Without realizing it, those people were motivated by the same principles of hate and violence that moved the killer to murder President Kennedy. In another area, last week's tragedy showed impressively the valuable con- tribution of television to modern society. It was television that first introduced John F. Kennedy to the American people. It introduced him, not only as a Presi- dential candidate, but as. a friencl m a close acquaintance -- someone Americans felt they could go right up and talk to because they have known him all their lives. And, likewise, "it was television that enabled the world to eye witness his death along with its world-shocking ramifications. We wish to thank the metropoli- tan newspapers and the 'radio and television stations in our area for the splendid cooperation and consideration they showed in announcing the times of requiem Masses ]or the departed President. In many instances, stations televised the Mass itself so that the entire community--Catholic, non-Cath- olic and ]ewish could unite with the priest in offering the Church's prayer- ful liiurgy. Many pastors have attributed the im- pressive turnout of worshippers during these trying clays to the speedy radio and television announcements of the times of Mass and church services. he President's death gave dramatic reality to the existence of evil in a fallen world. But even in overwhelming tragedy there was much evidence of good. The millions of noble and compassionate souls from every station and walk of life who spontaneously came forth to pay their respects to the deceased and to of- fer sympathy to his bereaved wife and family have filled our land with a new sense of pride and dignity and self- respect. adness has drawn Catholic, Protes- tant and lew closer together m grief over the loss of a mutual friend. Many who [locked to confession on hearing the terrible news openly told the priest that their President's sudden and unexpected death was a grace from God  it reminded them of the certain uncertainty and suddenness of death  it reminded the entire nation that God, not man, is running the uni- verse, something that Americans these past few decades have perhaps tended to forget. God alone can bring good out of evil, and since every new birth of free- dom is first conceived in blood, we may hope that last week's pain will bring forth a better America. In Memoriam, J. F. K. (Nov. 22, 1963) G ' rief is gripping at our souls today with icy fingered ]ear that shivers in our nerves nd leaves us cold and numb [or the bullet in your brain has entered and exploded in our hearts. Your final leap of pain has carried you across the last frontier a leader still and we have died a little too, But though we mourn we will not "grieve as those who have no hope." For we will reach with prayer across the gulf of death and offer sacrifice before the very throne of God. Our common faith unites, us yet nd is alive with love which cannot die. -- Rev. Earl LaBerge, St. James Parish, Vancouver 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle 98104 Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published every Friday by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRF.NAHAN--Associat. F.Aitor That This Nation Shall Not Perish 4/: !? Vindication Of Fr. Murray By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. ather John Courtney Murray is emerging as one of the towering figures of the Council. The Theological Commission re- cently voted 18 to 5 to ac- cept the draft document on religious liberty prepared by the Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity. This means that the document will be discussed in the Council. It is no secret around Rome that Father Murray played a large role in the framing of the document and at the Commis- sion meeting he was roundly applauded. We can be grateful to Cardinal Spellman that the Jesuit scholar was invited to the Council as an expert. Under A Cloud This great personal triumph for Father 'Murray comes after a period of more than 10 years in which he was under a cloud. He had been forbidden byaRoman authority to write on the subject of re- ligious liberty. But the Church is on the march a n d t i m e FR. SHEERIN marches on and at this moment_he is the admiration of European as well as American experts and Coun- cil Fathers. I sincerely hope that this statement on religious liberty, which constitutes the fifth chapter of the schema on Ecumenism, will be taken up for discussion before this ses- sion ends. Father Murray, of course, is not the only scholar who has been vindicated during this Council. The great thee- logian, Father Karl Rahner, S.J., a persona non grata to the Holy Office, is warmly welcomed in meetings of bish- ops. In fact, on November 7 the Archbishop of Freibourg- im-Breisgau presented Karl Rahner to the Holy Father. Pope Paul praised his work as expert of the Council and as author of many theological works he himself had read with satisfaction. The Pope encour- aged him to continue with his great work and expressed the wish of having him at Rome after as well as during the Council. So too with Father Congar, the French Dominican. The "grand old man" of ecumen- ism has been praised by Pope Paul as one who has contrib- uted greatly to the Council. Father Hans Kung never met with the volume and vehe- mence of criticism that was directed at Father Congar but he has at times been "in trou- ble." Now his demands for reform seem bland in com- parison with some of the pro- posals heard at the Council. A Fresh Wind In short, the Church has emerged from the winter of the Counter-Reformation and is now entering into the springtime of the liberty of the children of God. As Pope John remarked to the press at the first session, so Pope Paul has told the non- Catholic observers at this ses- sion that "our intention is to hide nothing from you." A fresh wind has been blow- ing through St. Peter's and it has been a welcome wind to Catholic scholars and journal- ists and writers. Regarding the c I a s h be- tween Cardinal Frings and Cardinal Ottaviani over the reform of the Holy Office, Le Monde said November 12: "T h e s e ,debates scandalize only those who prefer their personal quiet to truth and those who ignore all the seri- ous shocks that have shaken the Church since First Vati- can or earlier Councils." There are those who were %candalized" by C a r d i n a 1 Frings' attack on the Holy Of- fice. He spoke quietly and se- renely but with severity. He asserted that the Holy Office is out of step with the times, that it is a source of harm to the faithful and of scandal to non- Catholics, that no Romah con- - gregation should have the au- thority to accuse, judge and condemn an individual who has had no opportunity to defend himself. Honest Speech This was free, open and hon- est speech. Should he have kept this criticism quiet? Or to use that old maxim that justified suppression of the truth, did the Cardinal have a fight to "wash dirty linens' in public"? Pope Paul answered that ques- tion when he called in the Car- dinal and let him know that he approved the burden O f his address. All of which serves to re- mind us that many of us are going to find the reforms of this Council at times painful and disturbing to our old ways of thinking. This is n o t u Council of "sweetness and light. '' It is a Council intent on stripping away the dead and dying branches on the vine. Or, in the words of Pope Paul, this council aims to strip the Church of what is unworthy or defective and "to tap the fresh spring water of the doctrine and grace of Christ Our Lord and let it flow over the earth." Your Advent Wreath Directions for making an Advent Wreath: 1. Take two 12" to 15" flat wood sticks and nail at center. 2. About an inch from each tip, nail a candle socket. 3. Enclose with a hoop or two of coat hanger wire, stapled to the ends of 'the wood sticks. 4. Cover the wood that shows in the center of the wreath with aluminum foil. s. Tie or wire small clusters of evergreen branches to the wire circle to make your wreath. 6. Decorate with dark purple ribbon. 7. Insert three purple candles and one pink candle in the sockets, and your Advent Wreath is complete. In Christian symbolism, the wheel or wreath stands for eternity. Its use is especially fitting during Advent, the season of the anticipation of the coming of Our Lord. The purple candles represent the first, second and fourth Sundays of Advent. The pink candle symbolizes the joyful third Sunday, Gaudete Sunday. The ceremony of the Advent Wreath begins with the blessing of the wreath before the eve- ning meal on the Saturday before the First Sunday of Advent. The head of the household blesses the wreath by saying the *following prayer: "Oh God, by Whose word all things are sanctified, pour forth Thy blessing upon this wreath, and grant that we who use it may prepare our hearts for the coming of Christ, and may receive from Thee abundant graces, through Christ Our Lord, Amen." Each night during Advent, before the eve- ning meal, the family gathers to say the Collect from the Mass of the preceding Sunday. One purple candle is lit the first week, two the second, two purple and one pink during the third week, and all the candles the fourth week. After Advent, the candles may be changed to white and the wreath decorated in a festive manner during the holiday season. God's World: We Are Men, Not Angels By REV. LEO J. TRESE HERE are two passages in St. Paul's epistles which strike a responsive chord in most of us. In Romans (7:19-23) St. Paul tells us, "I do not the good that I wish, but the evil that I do not wish, that I per- form . . . For I am delighted with the law of God according to the inner man, but I see an- other law in my members, war- ring against the law of my mind and making me a prisoner to the law of sin that is in my members." St. Paul returns to the same theme in Galatians (5:16-18) when he says, "The flesh lusts against the spirit, and the spirit against the flesh; for these are opposed to each other, so that you do not do what you would." Sustained Tension Anyone who makes a sincere endeavor to lead a Christian life is aware of the sustained ten- sion that exists between our spiritual self and our animal self. A Freudian psychologist would describe it as the strug- gle between the id and the superego. However we define it, we know by experience that there often is a wide gap between good intentions and actual performance. We understand only too well the force of St. Paul's words, "I do not the good that I wish, but the evil that I do not wish, that I per- form." St. Paul was a realist. He did not pretend that he or his con- verts were angelicized by rea- son of baptism. He insisted that he and they face honestly the fact of their humanity, the fact of natural passions disordered by original sin. Spiritual growth would be hindered, rather than helped, by a denial that we have within us a strong poten- tial for evil. A wilful child is not reformed by confining him to a dark closet and passions are not controlled by the pre- tense that they do not exist. We must aim to discipline our pas- sions, not to repress them. Not Disgraceful It is not a disgraceful thing that we find in ourselves evi- dences of lust, hate, sloth, jeal- ousy, pride or greed. We are not ignoble persons;by reason of the fact that we find lustful thoughts pleasurable, or experi- ence flashes of hate for those whom we ought to love (even for parent or spouse) or feel stirrings of resentment at the good fortune of a neighbor, or are elated when praised by oth- ers, or cast covetous eyes on a top job or a big bank account. It is not ignoble to possess these tendencies. They are part of our human nature, our fallen human nature. They are distorted manifestations of dynamic drives which basic- ally are good and necessary ones. Evil enters the picture only when we willingly surrender to these distortions. Here is the ever-present danger. Because these weaknessis are quite nor- mal, in the sense of being com- " men to us all, we may make them the excuse for easy cap- itulation. "It's perfectly nat- ural," we may tell ourselves, "so it can't be so very wrong." These temptations are normal in the same sense that a cold in the head is normal in winter= time; but we still try to guard against the infection of a cold. Self-Discipline Spiritual growth is achieved precisely through our efforts, assisted by God's bountiful grace, to discipline and control our errant urges. We seek to make ourselves boss of our pas- sions rather than let them be bess of us. Even on a natural level and aside from any spir- itual motivation, this is the way FATHER TRESE in which we become most fully human. We have nothing but pity for the hardened sinner or the habitual criminal who has completely abdicated to his passions. We recognize that he has dehumanized himself by allowing himself to be so thor- oughly victimized by his grosser instincts. Y t we sometimes are blind to the fact that there is only a dif- ference of degree between him and ourselves if we try to j u s t i f y sin by saying, "Well, that's the way I :am." By all means let us admit to ourselves (and to God) that we are human and therefore weak, with a boundless capacity for evil. Aside from the fact that it is true, such a conviction on our part affords God the ideal foundation upon which to build. There is no one who offers such a welcome challenge to God's grace as the sinner who comes to Him in a spirit of utter de- pandence. The Message Of Hope fter St. Paul was ton-. verted and took to the highways of the Roman Empire preaching his message of peace, he was greeted with cold and sometimes brutal hostility. Beat- en with rods, stoned and left for dead, shipwrecked, impris- oned, footsore, hungry, lonely and utterly exhausted, he still carried on, preaching his mes- sage of peace. It was the Gos- pel of Christ, and Christ cruci- fied. Paul was moved to pro- claim, "I am not ashamed of t h e Gospel." Unfortunately, there are those today who are. A man received into the Church at the age of 65, when asked why he delayed so long, replied "Nobody ever asked me!" His wife boasted, "I never mentioned religion to him!" One wonders why? Was she afraid of causing unpleasant- ness, of being rebuffed, of being stoned, or of being beaten with rods and imprisoned? The Apostles were men of peace, and carried their won- derful message of peace to the ends of the earth,, but they shrank from the compromised religious peace of the pussy- footers who will not endeavor to spread the teachings of His Church. St. Paul persecuted the Church, St. Peter betrayed Christ, St. Thomas d o u b t e d Him, St. Mark lost heart, St. Augustine delayed his conver- sion, but by God's grace they won the race in the end. So, today, the Church of Christ has sympathy and patience with the sinner and the unbeliever, trust- ing that one day they shall know the truth, and the truth shall make them free from en- tangling and paralyzing vice and befogging and blinding er- ror.--Walter J. Sullivan, C.S.P. Calendar S U N D A Y, DECEMBER 1, FIRST SUNDAY OF ADVENT, MASS: Ad te levavi--To Thee I have lifted (Violet). No Gloria, Credo, Preface of Trin- ity. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, ST. BIBIANA, VIRGIN, MAR- TYR, MASS: Me exspectave- runt--The wicked (Red). GI., 2nd Pr. of Feria. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 3, ST. FRANCIS XAVIER, CON- FESSOR, PATRON OF THE MISSIONS, MASS: Loquebar-- I spoke (White). GI., c. of Feria. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 4, ST. PETER CHRYSOLO- GUS, BISHOP, CONFESSOR, DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH, MASS: In mealie--In the midst (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of Feria, 3rd of St. Barbara. THURSDAY, DECEMBER $, THURSDAY, OF THE FIRST WEEK OF ADVENT, MASS: (Violet) as on Sun. No. GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Sabbas, omit Alleluia, no Cr., Com. Prof. FRIDAY, DECEMBER $, ST. NICHOLAS, B I S H O P, CON- FESSOR, MASS: Statult ei-- The Lord made (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of Feria. First Fri: 2 Votive Masses of SaclA Heart permitted (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of Feria, 3rd of St. Nicholas, No Cr., Prof. of Sac. Heart. Abstinence. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 7, ST. AMBROSE, BISHOP, CON- FESSOR, DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH. MASS: In medio-- In the midst (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of Feria. First Sat: Vet. Mass of Immac. Heart permit- ted (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of F e r i a, 3rd of St. Ambrose, Prof. of B.V,M. Fast and Ab- gdnence.