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Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
November 23, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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November 23, 1962

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CHRISTIAN CULTURE SERIES, PAGE 6 Legal Expert Sees Year Of Crisis On School Aid WILMINGTON, Del., Nov. 23 (NC)BA Catholic legal expert said here that 1963 may be a "year of crisis" in the dispute over Federal aid to education. William B. Ball, executive director and counsel of the Pennsylvania Catholic Welfare Committee, Headlines and Deadlines: Laboring Under tlllusion By George N. Kramer, Ph.D. It would appear that the task of writing Head- lines and Deadines each week is becoming a matter of merely rearranging words that appeared the week before. The results always come out the same. We are still wag- gling our finger at the Com- munists and warning, "Navoh- ty] Naughty!" But that's as far as it goes. Anyone who even dreams that the Reds are going to surrender a bastion of mili- tary strength in response to polite pleadings, or even stern warnings, is laboring under a fatal illm'on. It is the kind of illusion lhat has brought us to the present sad state of affairs. It is the logical consequence of previous failures to take resolute ac- tion. It is the result of intermin- able haggling durin- years of (Continued on Page 5) said that in the coming year "all the opposing forces could come together to work out some type of bill." Ball argued that opposition to Federal aid to church schools is based on a "distortion" of the principle of Church-State sepa- ration by "extremists." "We now have a powerful body of opinion which seeks to secularize all phases of public life in this country," he said November 13 in a lecture spon- sored by the Catholic Educa- tional Guild of the Wilmington diocese. The issue of aid to church schools "is not a question of legality but a question of pol- icy," he declared. He added that opponents of such aid had made "a mountain of argument" out of "a mole- hill of constitutionality." Noting instances of public aid to church schools which have in- volved no challenges on consti- tutional grounds, he said there has been "no 'Catholic push' " for Federal aid. Rather, he said, the Catho- lic position has been that if a massive Federal aid program is enacted, church schools should be included in it. Ball said Catholic schools en- roll one-seventh of the nation's students and represent a sav- ings of between two and three billion dollars to taxpayers. "It makes no sense to say we're going to exclude one- seventh of our educational proc- ess in any program of aid to education," he said. BLESSED PIERRE JULIEN EYMARD, 19th century French founder of the Congregation of the Blessed Sacra- ment Fathers, will be one of three new saints proclaimed by the Church December 9 in St. Peter's Basilica. Others to be elevated to the dignity of the altar on that day will be Blessed Francis Camporosso, a 19th century Italian Ca- Receives American Bishops Expresses Thanks For Devotion Of U.S. Catholics Official Newspaper for the Archdiocese of Seattle 4l Seattle, Wash., Friday, Nov. 23, 1962 'For This Is Mry Body . . . My Blood' Vol. bS--No. 47 portions of bread are placed in a chalice of wine, and are served to the people. Preparation of the bread is shown at bottom left center and right. At top left, Father Mowatt places the bread in a chalice of wine and at top right he administers Communion to the laity. Religious News Service Photo.. By The Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly Archbishop of Seattle Rome, Nov. 20---The highlight of our council ac- tivities last week was the audience Saturday evening with our Holy Father, Pope John XXIII. He invited the cardinals, archbishops and bishops of the United States to the Vatican where he met them in the Clementine Hall. There were in the neighborhood of 190 prelates present on this •historic occasion, the greatest number of American Bishops ever to have an audience with the Vicar of Christ. Some 20 Bishops had not come to the council and the remaining absentees have returned to their respec- tive dioceses for reasons of health, old age or some other infirmity. There are 226 Bishops in the United States. Given Tremendous Ovation When the Holy Father entered the hall, he re- ceived a tremendous ovation from the Bishops, which brought a pleasant, paternal smile to his countenance. He appeared quite active and vigorous but every tizne that we see him, he seems to show the effects of his advancing years, particularly in his face which, at times, is quite drawn and wan looking. There is still some concern in certain quarters for his physical con- dition. Mentally, however, he is very alert. Pontiff In Excellent Humor The Sovereign Pontiff was in excellent humor and with a smile cautioned Archbishop Cody, Coadjutor Archbishop of New Orleans, who was the official in- terpreter, "to get everything straight." He thanked the American Catholics, represented before him in the person of their respective Bishops, for their devotion to the Holy See, for theix generous response to the Holy Father's appeals for the poor, for the persecuted, for the hungry, for the down-trodden of the earth, and for the example that they have given to the rest of the world. He congratulated them especially, among other things, for their enthusiastic interest in the Confra- ternity of Christian Doctrine, remarking that that particular apostolate was missionary in character, that it was spiritually profitable for those who be- longed to any phase of the work since they partici- pated directly in the teaching mission of the church, that they were all close to Him who commanded His apostles to teach all nations. He blessed all present and empowered them to convey his apostolic bless- ing to all at home. His Eminence, Cardinal Spellman, replied in Italian to the remarks of the Holy Father and declared that the American Hierarchy and the Catholics of the United States took second place to none inn their de- votion to the Holy See and in their loyalty to the person of the Holy Father. lie assured the Pope of their continuing prayerful intercession for the success of the Council and all its objectives that are so close to the heart of the Vicar of Christ. It was subsequently reported in the press here that the Car- RECEIVING HOLY COMMUNION in the form of both bread and wine has been discussed at the Second Vatican Council in Rome. It is a common practice in the Eastern Rites of the Church. In these photos, Father John Mowatt of Boston's Our Lady of Kazan Byzantine Rite parish is shown preparing Holy Communion for the faithful. Little Project On Revelation Sources (Continued on Page 2) Debated By Council Fathers I Cardina-0000rgeslndiansTo Accept Challenge I VATICAN, Nov. 21Pope John intervened in de- liberations of the Ecumenical Council with the result that the controversial treatise on "The Sources of Revelation" now will be redrafted by a new commit- tee which will include members of both the Theologi- cal Commission and the Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity. The council's press communique said November 21 that debate on the draft text was halted and a special committee was formed to reshape the docu- ment at the express wish of the Pope. The original draft was the work of the council's preparatory Theological Commission, headed by Alfredo Cardinal Ottaviani. Secretary of the Congre- gation of the Holy Office. The press communique said the new committee has the task of reworking the project on sources of revelation, making it shorter and giving greater em- phasis to the general principles of Catholic doctrine already treated by the Council of Trent and the First Vatican Council. The communique said the commission will sub- mit in due course a new project for examination and vote by the Council Fathers. the opponents of the original draft text had just failed achieving the necessary two-thirds vote which would have shelved the theological treatise. VATICAN CITY, Nov 20 (Radio, N.C.) A proposal regarding the sources of Divine Revelation brought out differences of opinion at the 19th, 2Oth and 21st general sessions of the ecumenical council November 14, 16 and 17). The council Fathers, it was reported in a council press bul- letin, voiced three opinions regarding it: 1) The objectors demanded that it be rewritten in its entirety; 2) The defenders said that it was basically sound and should (Continued on Page 2) BOMBAY, Nov. 23 (NC)India's Cardinal has urged his countrymen to rise to the challenge of Com- munist Chinese aggression. Valerian Cardinal Gracias, Archbishop of Bom- bay, told a congregation at the procathedral here November 11 that Chinese ag- gression is not only "an at- tack on our national integrity, but also an attack on our self- complacency." Cardinal Graeias left here November 14 to return to the Second Vatican Council in Rome. "Indians needed a shakeup," the Cardinal said, because "they had become soft and complacent and started lead- ing a life of ease and com- fort." "We are compelled in ac. eept the challenge of the Chinese With all its con- sequences, very reluctantly though, because it has been imposed upon us," he added. Alcoholism Information Week Proclaimed Alcoholism Information Week has been officially proclaimed by Mayor Gordon S. Clinton as November 25 through Decem- ber 1. Alcoholism has been recog- nized as a disease which ranks among the four major health threats, along with can- cer, mental illness and heart disease. It directly afflicts five mil- lion Americans and its cost is incalculable. The National Council on Al- coholism has for 17 years pro- vided through its information centers a three-pronged pro- gram of education, community service and research to bring understanding to people of the dangers of this disease. The Seattle Committee on Al- coholism, an affiliate of the above group, has instituted its third annual Alcoholism Infor- mation Campaign to focus pub- lic attention on one of Ameri- ca's gravest health threats. The mayor urges everyone in the area to support the Seattle Committee in their nation-wide campaign to alert citizens to the dangers of alcoholism. Danger Sicjnals... puchin lay brother, and Blessed Antonio Pucci, an Italian priest of the 19th century. --Religious News Service Photo PR"ALCO//O//C E,'I00iY 32"A G[$ ,4 l C O/I O LIYPl (See story of Blessed Peter Julian Eymard, Page 4.) The Pope's intervention took place one day after sy4fpro/    , , Bridges Red Wall ' S eeksTo Split Prayer , " ' " .oi. East German BERLIN, Nov. 21 (NC) eated inEastBerlinandthey rightful church. Buthere, as in ' "fi /- Catholics --The Red wall dividing live in West Berlin' all other border parishes, the r , i • . Also located in the eastern two halves of the bisected com- ; '-  the city of Berlin also sector of the city are the parish reunify are united by acoustic BERLIN (NC)--A journal cuts through the heart of house, kindergarten and Sis- as well as spiritual ties. " ters' convent. Thus while the The new bells of St. Mary's publishedolics,, in thebY SovietPr°gressivezone of Cath'Ger- several C a t h o I i c par- pastor and curates are able to carry their inviting call far " many is designed to pave the ishes, forcing parishioners to serve some 800 of their parish- into the East sector. The No one ever expects to become an alcoholic, but this illness happens to church bells also announce the passing away of a parish member, including those who now must be buried "over on the other side." The tolling of bells, how- ever, is only a symbolic ex- pression of parish unity. Of g r e a t e r importance is the brotherly solidarity achieved through prayer. For some time now parish- ioners in the East and West have prayed the Rosary simul- taneously. And once a week, at the same hour, parish youths assemble in the separate sec- tors to celebrate an hour of Faith. The Catholics of tke divided city of Berlin have thus built an unassailable bridge of pray- er testifying to the unity of the Faith. !l/ Do you frequently drink more than you intend? Doou drink because you are lonely? ufihappy?. llr  Do you have trouble remembering the details the next morning? Have you gone on the wagon without success?  Is your family worried about your be-,havior or health? • I CONTACT YOUR PHYSICIAN OR THE| SEATTLE COMMITTEE ON ALCOHOLISM i 3109 Arcade Bldg., MA 3-8380 ] SerVICeS free I Infermatlon cenfldentlal J i i ........ j people regardless of class or social status. The question is now bow often you drink or how much ............................................ BUT: Do you spend more money for drinking than you should at times? Have you started to hide, or minimize your drinking? IF SO--ALCOHOLISM MAY DEVELOP way for a schismatic "peace church" in that sector, accord- ing to Catholic observers here. Called "Begegnung" (En- counter), the journal is pub- lished by Karl Grobbel, 65, a member of the East zone's Christian Dem0eratic Union. It is being published without the eonsent of ecclesiastieal authorities. Observers say t he jnurnal prints some Catholic reports ob- jectively for appearances' sake, but its principal purpose is to sow dissension a m ong East German Catholics in prepara- tion for establishment of a "peace church." , ,, resort to a bridge of prayer to maintain their unity. Parish borders in Berlin used to be invisible lines along indi- vidual, peaceful-looking streets. But the present border lines are visible and grim: concrete walls topped by barbed wire or jag- ged pieces of broken glass--and behind them an unbroken line of armed sentries. The communal life of down- town Berlin parishes has been hard hit since the Communists erected the "wall" in August, • 1961, that divides the city into the eastern (Soviet) and west- ern sectors. St. Michael's, one of the oldest parishes in Berlin, ob- served its centennial I a s t .year, but 7,000 of its parish- tuners were unable to pray in the church because it is 1o- loners living in East Berlin they are cut off from the bulk of their flock. St. Sebastian's church, lo- cated in northern Berlin, is an- other example of how gravely the sealing-off measures can affect the living organism of a parish. Seven thousand of the parishioners live in West Ber- lin and 2,000 in the east. Many of the church wardens, choir members, altar boys and members of parish societies live in the Soviet sector. The woman who has served as par- ish secretary for 25 years lives immediately behind the sector border, in a house whose first- floor windows are walled. At St. Mary's parish, in Reinickendorf, W e s t Berlin, some 1,000 Catholics from East Berlin are cut off from their !