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November 15, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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November 15, 1963

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,2--THE PROGRESS Friday, Nov. 15, 1963 Archbishop's Communique: Observer Sees 'Another/vti, acle' Before Unity. (Continued from Page I) can church in Rome, so-called, were hosts at a reception for the observers and the Ameri- can bishops last Friday eve- ning in the Grand Hotel and it proved to be a very interest- mg occasion. A number of the observers spoke and answered questions put to them by the bishops. Dr. Douglas Hereon, former president of the Har- vard Theological School, was the master of ceremonies in an informal way and Dr. Albert Outler, professor of theology of Southern Methodist University delivered the main address, speaking in the name of the observers present. Something Wonderful Happening Dr. Outler declared t h a t something wonderful was hap- pening in the Catholic Church and that he and his associates were glad to be witnesses to it. The Church has closed a chapter of history that was en- titled "The Counter-Reforma- tion" and it was quite signifi- cant that the stimulus for ec- clesiastical reform was coming from the Church that at one time was thought to be un- reformed a n d irreformable, Doctor Outler continued. He said that the Ecumenical Coun- cil involuntarily is putting very uncomfortable pressure on the Protestant Churches to risk similar experiments in self-ex- amination and reform. Most of the English-speaking observers, about half of the entire contingent, were pres- ent and they all declared that they were being given excep- tional opportunities to see and hear what was going on, that they w e r e particularly im- pressed by our willingness to be observed by the inquiring eyes of friendly but not at all, Jewish Leader Is Pleased PARIS (NC)--A state- ment on anti-Semitism that is now before the ecumenical council Fathers has been welcomed here by Dr. Nahum Goldmann, presi- dent of the World Jewish Con- gress. "The Jewish people are moved and gratified by the prospects that the ecumenical council may adopt a declara- tion calling upon the Roman Catholic Church to eliminate 't h o s religious teachings which give rise to disdain, hatred or perseqution of the Jews,' " he said. "Such a declaration would be an historic event not only of fundamental significance for the whole Christian world, but it would also be a measure of vital importance toward the removal of age- old misunderstandings, wrong thinking and hostility which have saddened people and faiths, one against the other, and have caused the Jewish people 2,000 years of untold sufferings, persecution and appalling tragedy. "The hearts of all Jewry will be uplifted and refreshed by this new hope of an era of understanding and tolerance so profoundly n e e d e d for the peace and welfare of all." AAAAAAAAAAAAAA. with PANCAKE & WAFFLE At All Better Grocery Stores Remember "SUNNY JIM," famous Peanut Buttsr, Jams & Preserves ! uncritical observers and that the w h o 1 1 y unprecedented change of climate in the Chris- tian world was a source of comfort and encouragement to all of them. I feel that it would be, ben. eficial to all of our devoted readers as well as to our separated brethren who have the opportunity to peruse these columns if I report at some length the remarks of Doctor Outler: "But deeper than these ex- ternal signs of real Christian fellowship, significant as they truly are, are the inner mo- tions of the Holy Spirit within our hearts and yours, where He has begun to break down the old, encrusted barriers of ignorance, prejudice and en- mity that have so long divided us and has awakened a new disposition in us all of mu- tual recognition, of genuine interest and dialogue, fellow- ship and affection. The first great miracle of the ecumeni- cal reality has been wrought in our midst and who will deny that this is God's doing and marvelous in our eyes. It is the miracle of our mutual rec- ognition of each other as Christians." .. Most Important The good Doctor described all this as only the first fruits. He said that, and this is most important, "F u 1 1 Christian communion would not be worth having at the price of compro- mise on your part or abjur- ation on ours. It is painfully clear that yet another miracle will be required before full unity as one people, one house- l Pope Paul Greets Vatican Council Guests OBSERVER DELEGATES and guests to the second sea- varsities of Basle and Paris, is pictured shaking hands with sion of Vatican Council II are greeted by Pope Paul VL A the Holy Father. Protestant theologian, Professor Oscar Cullman of the Uni- hold of the faith can be at- tained. Our task as observers such is within the grasp of all. is that of discovering and up- It was, indeed, a most in- praising the richness of the teresting and spiritually prof- treasures of the deposit of itable evening and I feel that faith which you have conserved the cause of ecumenism was in the course of the tragic can- considerably advanced. May turies of our separation. It is as we discover your real cath- olicity and as you manifest it that we shall be moved for- ward toward eventual union." All present reacted to his ad- dress with thunderous ap- plause. The meeting as such was followed by a reception during which we all had the opportunity of meeting many of the observers from the States as well as from Eng- land and Canada. A11 agree that an organic union, so- called, a uniformity of belief and practice is a long way off but that a spiritual unity as its progress continue in our midst in the Great North- west! As forecast in these dis- patches last week, the recent discussions on the reformation of the Roman curia, its inter- nationalization and down,grad- ing as an adjunct of papal rule caused the sparks to fly on several occasions I'm sure that the daily press has given you a blow-by-blow account of the proceedings. Asks Complete Revision It all started more or less on Friday when Joseph Car- dinal Frings, the Archbishop of Cologne, took the floor and flayed the Congregation of the Holy Office, declaring its pro- cedures unjust, unfair and completely out of harmony with modern times. He called for a complete revision of its status and its rights and priv- ileges, saying that it was grossly unfair for the Holy Office to accuse, condemn and judge any individual without having the oportunity of de- fending himself at a hearing. He declared further that the number of bishops in the curia should be reduced and many of the posts taken over by lay- men. He minced no words in his denunciation. Challenged . . . He was immediately chal- lenged by Alfredo Cardinal Ottaviani, secretary of the Holy Office. To use the parlance of the prize ring, the Cardinal had been taking it on the chin so often during the past few weeks that he had reached the limit of his patience. He picked himself up off the canvas: he lashed out at all his critics, swinging freely right and left. In a voice shaking with emo- tion and pent-up anger, he de- clared that criticisms of the Holy Office were criticisms of the Pope himself, that the German Cardinal's words were spoken out of ignorance, if not worse and that the Holy Office never accuses, judges or con- demns anyone without thorough investigation, carried on with the help of competent consul- tors and experienced special- ists. It was the hottest exchange yet but of course, such things are to be expected for this council is not a sodality meet- ing. It is engaged in the ser- ious task of updating the Church and this cannot be done without treading on some toes. But the two old gladiators, loyal Churchmen as both are,  really went at it with drawn swords (it appears that I de- parted from the parlance of the prize ring there) and it was an interesting interchange of views. Both are almost totally blind and each spoke his piece in pure Ciceronian Latin with. out the benefit of any manu- script. At the conclusion of the session, both were seen leav- ing together and talking and we wondered whether either knew to whom he was talking. The Congregation of the Holy Office is the oldest and most powerful of all the Roman congregations, of which there are 12 in all, making up the Roman curia, the administra- tive arm of the Holy Father. It was formed in 1542 to com- bat heresy and it is both an administrative body and a tri- bunal. In addition to guarding against heresy, it is the Church's official watchdog, al- ways with a weather eye out for false teaching and it con- trols the index of forbidden books. In criminal causes it has jurisdiction especially over offenses against the faith and the unity of the church, such as apostasy, heresy, schism, profanation of the Eucharist, etc. Matters falling within its competence are handled under the seal of the greatest secrecy. Only Want Modernization No one wants the congre- gation abolished but due to the criticism that has been lev- elled at it for years, it is felt that its methods should be modernized, t h a t those who are to be judged by it be given the chance to defend them- selves, etc. I am sure that you have all Debates Curia, Bishops' Role In Sixth Week VATICAN CITY (NC) Ecumenical council de- bate reached a high point during the sixth week of its second session as two outstanding churchmen clashed sharply over the role of the Roman curia. Throughout the week the curia  the congrega- tions and offices at the Vatican which assist the Pope in govern- ing the Church--had come in for severe criticism. At the general council meeting of November $ the debate came to a dramatic climax when Joseph Cardinal Frings of Cologne, Germany, vigorously objected to the practices of the curia's top body, the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office. De- fending it was its secretary, Alfredo Cardinal Ottaviani. The exchange between the two cardinals brought out into the open the battle between an old and a new order which, whatever its outcome, will alter the face of the Church in'the |uture. Cardinal Frings said: "The distinction between the administrative and juridical pro- cedures in the Roman curia should be extended to all areas, including the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office. Its procedures are out of harmony with modern times, are a source of harm to the faithful and of scandal to those outside the Church. No Roman congregation should have authority to accuse, judge and condemn an individual who has had no oppor- tunity to defend himself. With all due reverence and gratitude for the devoted individuals who spend their lives in the difficult work of the Holy Office, we feel that its methods should be basically revised." Cardinal Ottaviani replied: "The opportunity must be taken to protest most vigorously against the condemnation of the Holy Office voiced in this council hall. It should not be forgotten that the prefect of the Holy Office is none other than the Supreme Pontiff Himself. The criticism formulated proceeds from a lack of knowledge, not "to use a stronger term, of the procedures of this sacred congregation. "No one is ever accused, judged and condemned without thorough previous investigation carried on with the help of competent consulters and experienced specialists. Besides, all decisions of the Holy Office are approved by the Pope person- ally, and thus such criticisms are a reflection on the Vicar of Christ." The debate over the curia grew out of the draft proposal-- or schema--on bishops and the government of dioceses which was introduced November 5 at the council's 60th general meet- ing. A major issue raised was whether or not the powers now exercised exclusively by the curia should be returned to the bishops of dioceses. In connection wth this there was much talk of organizing an international body of bishops to help the Pope govern the Church and of giving jurisdictional powers to national confer- ences of bishops. Discussion therefore involved the idea of the collegiality of bishops. This idea--which maintains that the bishops of the world as a body, led by the Pope, have supreme power over the Uni- versal Church--was a major topic in the debate on the previous schema on the nature of the Church. An advisory ballot on Octo- ber 30, in which the Fathers voted overwhelmingly in favor of the principle of collegiality, was a council turning point. Those favoring the idea in the debate on the schema on bishops and diocesan government argued that it does not affect the primacy of the Pope. Fathers opposing it warned that it does. The first Speaker on the new schema, Achille Cardinal Lienart of Lille, France, said that its text should include a special chapter on the relationship between the Pope and the College of Bishops. The next day, November 6, Bishop Joseph H. Hedges of Wheeling, W. Va., also called for a chapter on the relationship between the bishops and the Pope as head of the College of Bishops. At the same meeting, Ernesto Cardinal Ruffini of Palermo, Italy, stated that objections that the schema does not mention the matter of collegiality assume that the question is settled. This is not so, he declared. A similar point was made by Michael Car- dinal Browne, O.P., of the curia. Cardinal Ruffini also supported the stand taken the day before by James Francis Cardinal McIntyre of Los Angeles, saying that "the discussion of the proposed national conferences of bishops can lead to dangerous waters if these conferences are given real authority to carry out their decisions." He added that "since the Pope could hardly turn down the recommendations of national conferences, this would in fact and for all practical purposes mean the disappearance of his primatial jurisdiction." Franziskus Cardinal Koenig of Vienna noted that "the long An Ecumenical Gift SOME TIME ago 14-year.old Stephen Bagley wrote to the Holy Father asking for an autographed picture, explaining that he wanted to give it to Sister Elizabeth, R.S,M., of St. Joseph's Infirmary, Atlanta, "Because she is so good to me," Stephen, a Baptist, has been a hospital patient. experience of the National Catholic Welfare Conference in the United States and the Conference of German Bishops shows that very fruitful results can be obtained even when the conference has only moral and not juridical authority over its individual members." During the day Augustin Cardinal Ben, S.J., President of the Secretariat fo r Promoting Christian Unity, urged that "bish- ops from the outside should be brought to Rome to work with the Pope in the way determined by himself." Ukranian Rite Archbishop Maxim Hermaniuk, C.SS.R., of Winnipeg, Man., repeated the recommendation, saying "the organization of an apostolic college to aid the Pope would be very effective." Melkite Rite Patriarch Maximos IV Saigh of Antioch closed the day's ,discussion with a call for radical reform of the curia. i He said: "To assist the Pope; the schema Offers only the curia in its present structure. It adds a timid suggestion that some bishops of the world be given a share in the government of the Church. This does not answer the needs of today nor does it reflect of collegial responsibilities of the bishops of the Church. Just as the Pope uses priests in the government of his diocese of Rome, so also should he use the bishops in the government of the entire Church... "To assist the Holy Father there should be something along the lines of what the Oriental churches have had for centuries, namely a 'permanent synod' with members succeeding each other by term. This body would be supreme, even over the curia, with the last word always resting with the sovereign pontiff because of his supreme primatial jurisdiction." The following day, November 7, Armenian Rite Patriarch Ignace Pierre XVI Batanian of Cilicia came to the curia's de- fense. He stated: "From the First Vatican Council we know that the Pope has the fullness of jurisdiction, that his power comes directly from God and is not subject to limitation by any human author- ity. Consequently, he has the right to organize the curia as he wishes. Since a tree is judged by its fruits and the general state of the Church today is good, we must conclude that the Roman curia, which has had such a great role in the expansion of the Church, has done its duty satisfactorily. "Every institution has its weaknesses and we should try to correct them wisely and prudently. This does not mean publish- ing them and bringing them to the attention of everyone with the risk of scandalizing or shocking certain souls. It is not right to forget all the services rendered by the curia and to concentrate only on its weaknesses." At the same meeting Joseph Cardinal Rifler of St. Louis called for the restoration of powers which "are basically of divine origin" to the bishops. Among those supporting him was Bishop Piotr Kalwa of Lublin speaking in the name of the Polish Bishops. Earlier Archbishop Maurice Baudoux of St. Boniface, Man:, had stressed the idea that increasing the powers of bishops is not something to be "granted" but rather to be "returned." Cardinal Ritter also asked that the schema's chapter entitled "The Relationship of Bishops with the Roman Curia" be changed because "this organ [the curia] does not exist except as a dele- gate of the Pope and does not have any autonomous existence." In his November 8 speech, Cardinal Ottaviani criticized the idea of collegiality. He said: "Those who propose the collegiality of the bishops proceed in a vicious circle since they presume that the Apostles existed and acted as a collegial body. From the collegial character of the Apostolic College they deduce the collegial character of the body of bishops. But even learned and experienced professors of Sacred Scripture will admit that this thesis has no solid founda- tions in the sacred books. Defending collegiality entails some limitation of at least the exercise of the universal primacy of the Roman pontiff." During the day's debate opposing views on bringing bishops to Rome to aid in governing the Church were expressed by two cardinals. Laurean Cardinal Rugambwa of Bukoba, Tanganyika, de- clared: "The establishment of a permanent body of bishops in Rome is called for by the social structure of modern times and por- tieularly by a genuinely 'redemptional' vision of the entire world. It is not only the right but also the duty of the council to make this possible." Cardinal Browne answered that "against the proposal to bring bishops to Rome to assist the Holy Father no objection can be raised on theological grounds. But the congregations constitute the curia and the curia belongs to the Pope. Its cardinals, major officials, consulters and so on, are appointed not by the Holy See but by the Pope personally. "If collegiality confers on all bishops a right to ogovern- ment with the Pope, then he in turn has an obligation to recog- nize the right. This would inevitably lessen the power of the Pope who would no longer have full jurisdiction." Giacomo Cardinal Lercaro of Bologna, Italy, remarked that "this proposal [on bishops' sharing in Church government] supposes that the matter will be decided by the authority of the Roman Pontiff, since the council can do no more than offer a suggestion or make a recommendation." Population Rises 60 Per Cent In F00ve Years TA!PEI, Formosa (NC)--For- mesa s Catholics have increased by more than 100,000 or 69 per cent during the last five years, according to figures released by the Bishops here. Catholics numbered 244,876 June 30, 1963. Five years pre- viously, June 30, 1958, they totaled 144,731. There were 18,496 adult and 9,557 infant Baptisms during the past 12 months. The increase during this period, from the 219,214 figure of June, 1962, is greater than the total Catholic population of Formosa 10 years ago. In June, 1953, there were 25,175 Catholics here. Catechumens enrolled to take religious instruction number 51,388, according to the Bishops. Classified advertising gets results in The Progress. Home to sell, buy or rent? Call MAin 2-8880, Extension 21 and solve your problems the easy way. been informed of the debate that has been going on re- garding the formation of re- gional or national conference of bishops with some type of juridical status. There seems to be some fusion in the minds of re'an the pro,'Jonents of this new cat- egory of self-determination, if you will. Others are calling for the establishment of a senate of bishops in Rome to assist the Pope in governing the Church. The motivating ele- ment in all this seems to be attempt to get the bishops from under the thumb of the Roman curia or even in some instances of the Holy See it- self, to give them more inde- pendence. ... Doesn't Seem Feasible I just don't see it myself for if all these suggestions were acted upon, the ordinary residential bishop or archb op would be responsible only to the Holy See and the Curia, but to the National Con- ference as well. Moreover, if coadjutor bishops are also given some type of jurisd,= tion, ex officio and apart frl the bishop of a diocese, latter would be further ham- strung in his actions and activities. I ventilated a "Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death" fervorino at a recent meet- ing of the American bishops on this point and found my- self in the camp of the mos backed reactionaries. He rors! ! l It is said that this "National or Regional Conference" idea is a tool in the hands of all dioceses of the enactments, decrees and ordinances of the Ecumenical Council relating to Liturgical Reform. T h e out- come will be interesting fo this schema will have to worked over like the scheID r on the Nature of the Church, on which over 1600 amend- ments were advanced. Neither will come up again for dis- cussion or final action at this session of the council, it is believed. . On Anti.Semitism The same may be said for the document recently subrJdbk ted to the Council Fathers inspection, regarding anti-sem- itism. The brochure will form a new chapter in the schema on Christian Unity. It declares that the responsibility for Christ's death falls upon sinful mankind for it was to atone for the sins of all mankind that Christ offered Himself on the Cross. The deaths of the followi bishops were reported dur- ing the week and I commend them to your generous prayers: Archbishop Edward Tonna of Italy, Bishop Jean Reesinck of Holland and Bishop Antoine Fargo of Sy- ria. The Grim Reaper takes his toll. Please keep us, too, in prayers that through the of the Holy Spirit, we may continue to keep to the course plotted by Good Pope John XXIII and our present Holy Father Pope Paul VI. God be with you all. FBI Finds Polish Museum Loot CHICAGO (NC)--The Bureau of Investigation said here it has found $1 million worth of art treasures stolen September 22 from the museum of the Polish Roman Catholic Union. The FBI said October 18 the loot was found in the trunk of a car parked on Chicago's northwest side. M. W. Johns chief FBI agent here, said thieves, still unknown, appar- ently failed to sell the stolen goods. The announcement did not say how the FBI traced down WSrPAr00ORF: SAM| /taste /smell I MOUT" t /eft ,, effectiveness /WeASH t= ;. as he over.priced brand FULL PINT ONLY AMBE R, RED or BLUE Burke Sales Co,, Seattle i i STILL AVAILABLE 1963 ARCHDIOCESAN DIRECTORY 4 We Have More Available... Send Remiffance With Order ............ $1.00 each Catholic Northwest Progress 907 Terry Avenue Seattle 98104 i s