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Catholic Northwest Progress
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November 9, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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November 9, 1962

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4---THE, , PROGRESS, Friday, Nov. 9,, 1962 Readership Defined e wish to call attetation to a spe- tance of its columns by pure guess or an cial Readership Survey which ap, occasional letter to the editor. pears in this issue of The Progress. Dr. Editors are human after all and they Woodrow R. Clevinger, associate pro- tend to favor certain types of features lessor of marketing, School of Finance over others. They tend to assume their at Seattle University directed the entire readers favor these features also. But if survey; and Edwin W. Brotherton, presi- a newspaper is to be truly effective, it dent of Data Processing Service analyzed must be willing, in the words of the the large volumes of mailed replies by philosopher to "sit down like a little child before facts." means of his company's electronic com- We have tried with the help of So- Furors. attle University's School of Marketing "'re have long felt that editors of and Data Processing to learn the truth large weeklies have an obligation to de- about Progress readership. For some feat- fine their readers, both for themselves urea which we thought were simply won- and their advertisers. The Catholic Pro- derful our readers showed little enthusi- asm. Other columns which we were on gross is one of the first weekly news- the verge of dropping received most fa- papers in the western United States to vorable response. conduct such a readership survey and The overwhelming general approval study of its subscribers. The valuable in- of The Progress which the survey re- formation which this objective and scion- vealed was a source of much encourage- ment. But it likewise pointed up areas tific sampling has afforded assures us that other and more detailed studies will that can definitely be improved. We shall attempt to make these improve- soon follow, ments week by week in order to bring Without positive reader contact a our readers the best coverage of North- publication is forced to judge the accep- western Catholic news possible. Red Specter Again Pushed Back By J. J. Gilbert tries Portugal--which has not monopolies and the influence WASHINGTON, N o v. 7  The specter of a truculent C o m m u n i s t China holding a second Communist veto in the United Nations Security Council has been fended off for anoth- er year. Much to the relief of Wash- ington, the United Nations de- feated for the 13th consecutive time a move to give China's U.N. seat to the Communist government of the mainland. The United States, which had led the fight each year against admission of the Pek- ing government to the world organization d e d i c a t e d to peace, expressed "gratifica- tion" at the 564o-42 vote of rejection. Twelve nations ab- stained. This year, as in the session of the past year, the vote was outright refusal to seat the Communists. In eleven previous sessions, the as- sembly had voted, with a diminishing margin between yeas and nays, to postpone consideration of the question of seating. Those in favor of seating Red China were mainly the Communist b I o c, including Cuba, the Asian and most of the Arab countries, joined by the three Scandinavian count- ries, the United Kingdom, seven Mrican c o u n t r i e s formerly under British administration, and Guinea and Mail." Opposed were the U.S., the Latin American countries, the rest of Europe, Australia, Can- ada and New Zealand. and 15 French-speaking African coun- hidden its disenchantment with its NATO allies since India's invasion of Goa and the be- laboring it receives in the UN on the subject of its African possessions--was among those absta!ning. One of the more curious aspects of the question is the fact that the so-called Peoples' Republic of China has never initiated its own case before the United Nations. It has been championed either by India or the Soviet Union, and the latter has been often suspected of deliberate- ly doing it in such a way as to generate opposition. As for the Red Chinese themselves, be- fore each General Assembly session they have usually em- barked on some military or other adventure not calculated to endear them as "peace- loving." Arguments put forward in the discussion range from the strictly legal to the Alice-in, Wonderland romancing of those who--like Ceylon and the Soviet satellites--claim that all ques- tions bedeviling the United Nations would be more easily solved if Red China were a member. In their championship of the Red Chin'''''''''e government, the Soviet Union and its friends play every possible variation of the themes which they use in every debate to appeal to the emotions of the new nations. In their speeches Red China is emerging as a people that has thrown off "colonial influence," foreign of concessionaires and re- actionaries. The U.S. and it friends are tagged with the imperialist and reactionary labels. Red China is, its proponents would have the assembly believe, the vic- tim of reactionary and imper- ialist attemr)ts to keep it from having the government and po- litical ideology it wants. Uni- versality is reiterated as the ideal U. N. membership. Significantly, however, it was the representative of the tiniest first U.N. session, who point- ed up the basic Communist philosophy as an apologia of war. He recalled that Man Tse- Tung "has declared that the highest form of revolution is the assumption of p o I i t i c a 1 power by force and the solu- tion of problems by means of war." The representative o f t h e Cameroun stated his govern- ment had vroof the Red Chinese had "trained and arm- ed Camerounian terrorists who are trying to overthrow the democratically established Camerounian government." Colombia e h a r g e d Red China with extensive subver- sive activities in Latin Amer- ica, and the Philippines men- tioned v a r i o u s subversive activities in Asia. Both Cyprus and Japan warn- ed that forcing a change in the present situation between the two Chinese governments, "by supporting one of them and ex- cluding the other, not only would unnesessarily worsen the existing state of tension but it might also eventually incur the danger of war in the Far East." European Unity Oar Hope AN we of the West ever push back So- viet Communist expan- sion? If so, by what m e a s- ures? These perennial prob- lems of our era are sharp- ened by Nikita Khrushchev himself. In the Sep- tember World Marxist Re- view. Khru- shchev pre- sents as his premise this al- leged state of affairs: "The rulers of the Western world cannot but see that the bal- ance of forces is tilting more and more in favor of social- ism." Then the Soviet leader goes on to explain: "The old world of exploitation, colonial tyranny and oppression of the working masses is disintegrat- ing under the powerful blows of the emancipation movement of the peoples, is cracking up, threatening the ruling classes with catastrophe." Theme Song We could stop to quarrel with many of these observa. tions. We know. as one in- stance, that Soviet dictatorship over Cuba and Laos is proof, in Red eyes, that "colonial tyranny is disintegrating." But Khrushchev hurries along to contend that the European Common Market is "the" ene- my. It is the force which is linked up with "the aggressive NATO Alliance" to advance "the aggressive policy of the imperialists," to save their skins. This becomes the theme song of every Red organ, trickling into The Worker of October 14. There we see a solemn accusa- tion made, in the form of a lengthy Berlin distateh that "De Gaulle and Adenauer form BUDENZ By Louis F. Budenz Axis to heat up the Cold War." We can conclude that the chief fear of Khrushchev and his fol- lowers in a political sense be- comes increasingly the Euro- pean community and its pres- ent leaders. That is why it seems incum. bent upon us to help our Gov- ernment avoid the pitfalls which are to be seen in some of the schemes for defaming West Germany. These have been heard in Washington and some of them have been commend, ed in our daily press. Our American job seems to be to cement our bonds with the forces representing the resur- rection of Europe. In a discussion of this kind I had decided long ago to over- look for some years the date of October 11, which represent- ed the anniversary of my leav- ing the Communist party. It was too personal to keep harp- ing on, even though "the creep- ing blitzkrieg" that I had then predicted has now reached Latin America and Southeast Asia. But this October 11 was brightened by the opening of the Ecumenical Council with its promise of unity among men of good will. Giving advice to the papacy, the New York Times of October 11 remarked editorially that "a rejuvenated Church can more effectively cope with its greatest enemy, Communism, with a positive approach rather than what seems at the time to be mere negativism." Failure of Press What the Times means by "positive" we do not know. But when Pope John XXIII came forward with his positive" "Mater et Magistra" ("Chris- tianity and Social Progress") the Communists and their friends conducted a world-wide .campaign .against its chief pro- posal for profit sharing in big enterprises. There was no support given to the papal pronouncement on such a basic point by most of our daily press. Neither can it be said that in the contro,ersy over the strenuous attempt to exclude prayer to God from our schools that the general press on the whole has been of such aid. We shall soon revert to these positive subjects. Im- mediately, the issue of wheth- er we can do anything against Communism is joined in the matter of aid to Red Poland and Red Yugoslavia. On this very October 11, Walter Lippman brings the matter to the fore again, when he writes: "The worst case of Congressional usurpation (in foreign affairs) is the pro- viso about Yugoslavia and Poland in the trade bills. This unconsidered clause (which denies them favored nation treatment), if it is not re- pealed next winter, will wreck our toreign policy in Eastern Europe." Now, is that the truth? Most assuredly it is not. For Khru- shchev, in strengthening the Soviet-ruled Council of Mutual Economic Aid (Comecon) writes in the World Marxist Re- view: "The June meeting ap- proved the important proposals made by the Central Commit- tee of the Polish United Work- ers Party (Communist) and the government of the Polish People's Republic enhancing the role of the Council and im- proving its functions." That move made for tighter organiza- tion "between our socialist coun- tries" to combat the Common Market. At the same time, Tito pledged to Moscow he would fight unswervingly against' the European Community. Ameri- can aid to these Communist- ruled countries would therefore be a blow at our staunchest allies. Not Yet Out of the Woods Close The Truth The Open Bible I n Peter's By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. rHEN Cardinal Bea spoke to the observ- ers here i,n Rome October 15, he used a considera- ble number of quotations from the Bible. Professor Ed- mond Schlink of the Evangeli- cal Church of Germany re- sponded for the observers and remarked that he was happy that the Cardinal vas a Bible sch. Iar for it is from the Bible that Catholics and Protestants can draw inspiration for the most fruitful ecumenical dis- cussions. As the Council goes on day after day. it becomes ever more obvious that the Gos- pel is the center of attention. This has been the fact since the very opening of the great "parliament of the Church." On that day, the less thought- ful were perhaps distracted by the pomp and ceremony. The procession in- to the vast basilica of St. Peter's was a dazzling a n d magnifice n t spectacle. There were t h e Palatine guards in crimson jack- ets, the Swiss FR. SHEERIN guards in red, purple and yel- low, the Bishops in lustrous white mitres and the Holy Father carried on a portable throne by attendants in crim- son capes. The Mass celebrated by Cardinal Tisserant, with the Pope presiding, was colorful and inspiring• Gospel On Display But after the Mass, a simple but deeply significant event oc- curred. Archbishop Pericle Fe- lici, Secretary of the, carried a 15th century book of Gospels to the altar and placed it there• It will remain there during the entire Council in full view of the Council Fathers. In a true sense it will be the beginning and end of all their discussions. This may seem surprising to some Catholics who have not considered the Bible een- tral in their religious think- ing, and who have felt that Bible reading should be done sparingly for fear of wrong interpretations. Pope John, however, in his opening address at the Council made clear that the Catholic's religious life should be Gospel centered. He said that it is the Gospel that prepares men for their life with God in eternity and it is the Gospel that leads them to do their share of work as citizens on earth. It is the Gospel that makes men holy of heart as individuals and it is the Gospel that leads to a transformation of society. He pointed out, therefore, that the Council should take as its main task the preser- vation and the more effective teaching of the Gospel. He put special emphasis on the need to present the Gospel in such a way as to pene- trate consciences and to bring about a deeper person- al commitment to the Gospel among the members of the Church. In concluding his talk, the Holy Father alluded not to some theological expert of our time but to the Book of the Apocalypse, the first chapter. Using the words of the Scrip- tural writer, Pope John com- pared the Bishops to "the stars" mentioned in that chap- ter and he likened the Bishops' Sees to "the golden candle sticks" of the same chapter. Bible Is Source The open Bible means that the Bible is the court of last resort in all Council discus- sions. The duty of the Bishops is not to devise human ways and means of meeting the chal- lenges of the 20th Century but to look to the Bible for an- swers to the great problems. Human intelligence by itself too often proves to be "sounding brass and tinkling cymbals," futile dialectics and brilliant blunders. And in presenting the Gospel answers, it will be necessary to use language that will not obscure the Gospel message• So often the Church has been accused of introducing medieval innovations simply because it resorted to medie- val terms in teaching its doc- trine. For that reason it is the hope of the Holy Father that the Council will keep its gaze fixed on the Bible. Having their eyes on the pure sources of revelation and tradition, the Council Fathers will be able to present in more understandable language t h e substance of truth of which the Church has been guardian for centuries. Another Case Fc,r ] .efauver By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore HE indefatigable and fatiguing Sena- tor Kefauver has investigated almost everything except the basic issue as to whether his investigations make any sense. His lovely southern drawl (we have our prejudices here) makes him probably the second best-heard southern senator since Fred Allen's Senator Claghorn. Some still remember his attempted flaying of the drug industry; but if you can't recall this don't feel you're lacking a sense of civic re- sponsibility. Not even the good senator can re- call all the evils he has sniffed out. Anyway, we wonder what he will make of a new book so skillfully promoted that it will be a best seller and confuse thousands of ordinary readers. We refer to "The Silent Spring," au- tbored by the gifted writer who produced "The Sea Around Us," a gem of expert populariza- tion. Rachael Carson attacks the indiscriminate use of insecticides in a powerful assault upon haphazard science. She blasts away at the pro- ducers of all those chemical gimmicks and de- tails same of the horrors which may result or have already resulted. We imagine that our senator trembled like a well-bred bird dog in a field trial when he first heard of this book but if he has read it by now he must be in a state of real shock. The villain is not simply the drug industry. The revet'ed Department of Agriculture has endorsed insecti- cides point by point. There has certainly been enough federal control even though some are Gap On Cuba/ N recent years there has been much talk about the bomber gap and the missi.le gap, but the most dan-. gerous gap in our national security is the truth gap. The Cuba crisis today is the direct result of the persis- tent gap between what the rest of the country knows and what the State Department doesn't. The American people knew from the early months of Cas- tro's rule that he was a Com- munist. They followed the common-sense precept so well expressed by Cardinal Cushing: "When I see a bird walking like a duck, swimming like a duck, feeding like a duck, I know that bird is a duck." The State Department re- fused to recognize this obvi- ous fact and as late as Aug. 29, 1961, refused to allow Gen- eral Joseph F. Carroll to refer to "the Communist govern- ment of Cuba." When called upon this year for an explanation, the State Department said: "At the time this speech was made, a policy decision had not yet been made as to whether Cuba should be treated as a Communist govern- ment." (This was four months after our country had sponsored the disastrous Bay of Pigs in- vasion to overthrow Castro.) The State Department did not discover the truth about Castro until Dee. 2, 1961, when Castro made a speech boasting that he has been a dedicated Commu- nist since his college days and 'Tll remain, one until I die." Invasion Doomed To Failure The American people knew that the invasion of 1,400 Cuban Freedom Fighters at the Bay of Pigs could not succeed with- out air and sea support; and this support had been planned by our Defense Department and promised by responsible U.S. officials. But the State Depart- ment professed to believe thai: 1,400 men without air and sea support could take a well-forti- fied island of 7 million people. By blocking necessary air and sea support as it did in the Korean war, the State Depart- ment again doomed America to a costly and humiliating defeat. The American people h a v e been calling for a blockade of Cuba for more than a year and have known about the Soviet missile bases there since last August: But right up until the day the President made his tele- vision speech, the State De- partment flatly denied the ex- istence of Soviet missile bases on Cuba. When the fact of missile bases on Cuba was of- ficially announced October 22, this wasn't news to anybody except the State Department. Unbelievable! Many Americans find it diffi- cult to accept the thesis that highly-educated officials of our Government do not know the facts about Communism. Con- siderable insight into why the truth gap exists in the State Department was recently pro- vided when the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee issued a report on the State Department man most responsible for shap- ing U.S. policy toward Castro: William Wieland. The Senate report said: "He never told his superiors officially or wrote in any State Department paper, down to the very last day when. Fidel Castro stood before the World as a self-proclaimed Marxist, what he told friends privately as early as 1958.--or earlier-- that Castro 'is a Communist' and 'is surrounded by Com- mies (and)... subject to Communist influences'." In other words, according to this Senate report, Wieland knew Castro was a Commu- nist, but never told this to his superiors and instead became "an active apologist for Fidel Castro.'.' After Castro came to power with his help, Wieland was promoted to foreign serv- ice officer-Class I, with a salary of $17,650 and is still in that status. (Everyone should write to the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, S e n a t e Office Building, Washington, D.C., and ask for the report on State De- partment Security: The Case of William Wieland, Oct. 4, 1962.) History shows that time and again Americans have thrilled at a courageous goal announced . by our President. But time and again these same goals, for which Americans have willing- ly sacrificed their lives, have been surrendered by our State Department. A half million American boys gave their lives in World War II to fight dictators, only to see our State Department give away our victory at Teheran, Yalta, Potsdam and Geneva, turning over to Stalin many of the same can aid to C u b a n Freedom nations we liberated from Hit- Fighters.--Cardinal Mindszenty ler and Japan. 50,000 American . Foundation. boys gave their lives in the Korean War, which our Presi- dent told us would prove that "aggression doesn't pay." "Aggression Does Fay" But after our State Depart- ment gave away at Panmunjom the North Korean hills and is- slands so many Americans had died to capture, Red China was convinced that aggression does pay, and continued her aggres- sion in Tibet, North Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, South Vietnam and now India. Responsible officials of our government had promised that American poliey was dedicat- ed to "liberation" of the cap- tive peoples of Eastern Eu- rope. But when the Hungarian Freedom Fighters set up an anti-Communist government in Budapest, our State Depart- ment sent a message to the Kremlin via Tito that the U.S. did not look with favor on anti-Commanist governments on the border of the Soviet Union, a message which, in diplomatic language, was the signal to Khrushchev that he could send in Soviet troops without opposition from America. Speaking of Laos, the U.S. promised, "There must be a cessation of the present armed attacks by externally supported Communists." As the American people relaxed in the security of this statement, the State De- partment withdrew recognition from the legitimate anti-Com- munist government of Prince Bom Oum and forced him into a Communist-coalition govern- ment with the predictable result that Laos is now in the Red orbit. At this writing it appears that the State Department has, as in Korea, snatched defeat from the jaws of victory. State Department, Again When, in the words of Cardi- nal Cushing, "at long last the Administration is doing some- thing" about the Communist military buildup in Cuba, the State Department proceeded to weaken the President's procla- mation. The so-called "block- ade" did not even stop petro- leum, the most important war materiel of World War II. De- spite Lenin's boast that "prom- ises are like pie crusts, made to be broken," the State De- partment traded the Monroe Doctrine for Soviet promises that they will dismantle their "offensive" Cuban missile bases. This alleged "dismantle- ment" will be inspected by the same system which failed so completely to detect the rearming of No r t h Korea. Khruschev and the U.N., not the U.S., will decide what is "offensive." Cuba is now the headquarters of the Communist conspiracy in the Western Hemisphere. Every week brings additional evidence of the exiling of the clergy, chil- dren taken from their parents and sent behind the Iron Cur- tain for indoctrination, and per- . seeution of anti-Communists. From Cuba, there flows a steady stream of Spanish-speak- ing agitators, student organiz- ers, Communist agents, spies, r a d i o programs and printed propaganda. If we permit the Red gan- grene to remain unchecked in Cuba, we are acquiescing in the poisoning of our good neighbors to the south. The responsibility of our State Department in helping Castro to conquer Cuba, as well as the security of the Western Hemis- phere, demand that our policy toward Cuba be liberation. The fact that this is not now our goal is made clear by the U.S. letter to Khrushehev on October 27 promising U.S. "assurances/ against any invasion" of Cuba. The U.S. taxpayers are still paying pensions to American servicemen who fought in the Spanish-American War to free Cuba from the relatively be- nign control by Spain. It is contrary to social justice, the American tradition and our own security to accept control of Cuba by the international communist conspiracy. We can liberate Cuba by giving the anti-Communists the same help to overthrow Castro that our State Department gave to the pro-Communists to in- stall him in power, namely, an effective blockade of all war j materiel, combined with Ameri-I clamoring for more. But isn't it utterly discon- certing to read that it was the Forest Service of - _n"e'." the Department of Agriculture which managed =:'='-'--" " [-""'-"f'E'%' ....... (/;  t6' exterminate moose, beaver and trout in the '--""--'"-: state of Wyoming by an ill-advised program of  -d::'-J-YY 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle. Wash. Published every Friday by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor random spraying? We are neutral on the issue of the preserya- tion of moose. We can take the moose or leave it alone. But, Senator Kefauver and the federal government, if you are not infallible that leaves us back where we started--stuck with the Popel