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November 8, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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November 8, 1963

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'2--THE PROGRESS FricJay, Nov. 8, 1983 Archbishop's Communique: Together All Christians 'Struggle for Kingdom of Cod' i:. ! (Continued from Page 1) : ; reception, several of those who community affairs. i time between Rome and London passed all too rapidly. When I asked whether or not his con- fi'eres were able to swallow his statement, as it were ihe told me that some of them were 'quite vocal and vehement in their objections to his claim, .:that others probably hanged :!him in effigy although a num- .ber Of t h e older clergymen g'ould go along with him. Times Have Changed If a Protestant clergyman had said 10 years ago that the'Pope of Rome would be an, acceptable head for an all- Christian Church, the rafters would probably have shivered with Protestant anguish and Catholic skepticism. Today, however, it is different for we live in a fast warming climate of ecumenism where such a proposal can be made calmly and discussed without any show of hysteria, ; Bishop  Moorman is coldly realistic about the prospects on and progress of ecumenism as he searches for paths where Protestants and Catholics may walk together. He feels an ob- ligation in this day and age to extend the hand of Christian fellowship and even to accept some of the blame for the ,Catholic-Protestant rift of some centuries ago. He is respond- ing, as are many like him, to Pope Paul's insistence on a spirit of mutual, Christian for- giveness and doing it in such a way as to prod the con- science of every Protestant with whom he comes in con- tact. At the Council, the good bishop is the personal repre- sentative of the Archbishop of Canterbury. We shall meet again soon. The Holy Father held his first audience and reception for he observers a short time ago and they were delighted with the meeting. One of them told me in the "fragmenteria" later that if the observers who were here last year, had any voice in the conclave of last June, they would have elected Car- dinal, Montini unanimously to the Papacy. Pope and Anglicans Had Met Before :  had previously heard that a:ArchbiShop Of Milan, the CAxdinal several years ago, in- :Wted Some 10 or 12 Angli- Can Bishops'to Milan as his guests for the purpose of dis- cussing the prospects of Church Unity, after Pope John had announced his intention of holding an Ecumenical Coun- Vatican II Votes Against Sleazy" Art VATICAN CITY (NC)--The ecumenical council voted over- whelmingly October 31 to con- demn the use of sleazy religious art and inappropriate images in Catholic Churches. The condemnation, approved by a majority of 1,838 to 9, was the last of the basic li- turgical reforms on which the council has been working since its first session last year. While confirming the Catho- lic practice of placing images of the Blessed Virgin Mary and other saints in churches for eneration by the faithful, the document emphasizes that the images should be 'moderate in number" and "doctrinally, souod." Hurry, Fellows, ',M00"iust bought some SUNNY JIM PRESERVES cil. He greeted by name at the had come to Milan some years ago. Pope Paul thanked the observers for accepting his in- vitation to the Council and as- Sured them of "our joy, 'our respect, our esteem, our desire to achieve with you, in our Lord, the best possible rela- tionship." The Pope continued: YOur attitude holds no snare, no in- tention to disguise the difficul- ties of a complete and defini- tive understanding. To approach one ah0ther, to meet and greet one another, to know one an- other, to speak together. What is more simple, more natural, more human? "But here there is even more. To listen to each other, to pray for each other and after so many years of separation and such unhappy disputes, to begin to love one another. That is what makes this meeting memor- able and full of promise." He ended his remarks by telling the 66 Protestant and Orthodox observers f r o m 22 churches that insofar as Church Unity was concerned, "there were no miraculous and immediate solutions to the doc- trinal differences that are still unresolved but that the best method at our disposal "is to look not to the past but to the present and above all to the future. Others can and should study the past. We prefer to fix our attention not on what has been but on what ought to be." Believe Age of Indifference Past It is the consensus among the observers that the age of indifference on the part of the Church is forever past, that the dialogue between us is firmly established and that it is not going to be interrupted. So we say, all of us! After all, we have, most of us, a common faith in God, Creator of heaven and earth and our Merciful Father who has re- vealed Himself through Christ Our Lord. We have for the most part our common ac- knowledgment of Christ, His crucifixion and resurrection; the common hope for the com- ing of the Lord; the common esteem for Holy Scripture; in many instances even the com- mon recognition of Baptism and the Holy Eucharist. Because of what we share in common, there is a great potential, many possibilities for a common life after a fashion and a common in- Roman terest in more than mere All of these similarities help to establish a talking point, a dialogue with others for the purpose of clarifying and ev e n surmounting certain differences that exist I have devoted several col- umns to our esteemed sepa- rated brethren because .silent as they are in the council, they are by their very presence playing an imnortant role in our discussions. It is becoming increasingly more evident that the agenda of the Council is closely connected with its dis. tinctive pastoral character. A Council that aims only to con- demn errors, that ha for its purpose the formulation of doc- trinal and juridical theses can move faster than one which is trying to reassess the position of the Church in the modern world and discover ways and means to improve its approach to all men. Here to Observe Only It must be clearly under- stood that the observers were sent to Rome by their churches or church alliances simply to do what their name implies: To observe the Catholic Church during the Council. They were not sent to engage in conversations or negotia- tions. They are quite unable to speak "for their churches. Their presence at the Council en- ables them to get insights into the forces and movements alive in the Church today and they are commissioned to report on these to the Church authorities who sent them. What is, perhaps, still more important is their simple presence at the Council, a A Gift For Pope Paul POPE PAUL VI smiles at ties on a gilt-co!ored beaded garland given to him by the bishops of India. Valerian Cardinal Gracias, Archbishop of Bombay, left, made the presentation. The garland, which hangs almost to the knee, is a type that Hindus place around a visitor's neck as a mark of greeting or honor. (Religious News Service Photo) living symbol to all of us that today separated churches are not against us but with us, in the sense that together we struggle for the Kingdom of God. Daily, the observers gather in St. Peter's and attend the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, many of them kneeling and standing with us and some making the sign of the cross at regular intervals as called for by the rubrics. It is an edifying and inspiring experi- ence that we have here, pray- ing daily together as we do. Mid-Point of Session Here Well, we have reached the mid-point of the second session of Vatican Council II, moving as we are slowly along the course plotted for us by Pope John XXIII. During the past month, we have taken impor- tant steps in three major areas, tentatively approving all seven chapters of the schema on the Sacred Liturgy, putting this document well on its way to becoming the first conciliar decree. We have approved the principle of collegiality of the bishops, an auspicious pream- ble and possibly a stumbling block in the discussion on the new schema of bishops and the government of their dioceses. We have also proposed and taken certain steps to improve conciliar procedures. In this connection, let it be said that last Thursday, after an indig- nation meeting so-called on the slow moving pace of the Coun- cil. Josef Cardinal Dopfner of Munich cut off two bishops who were wandering from the point of discussion, three others who were repetitious, two who exceeded their time and as a result, four renounced their place to speak on the pro- gram. Some more of this kind of control and, as I remarked last year, we may be out of the trenches by Christmas. Elsewhere in this issue of The Progress, you will no doubt be brought up to date in the action taken by the Council Fathers on sacred art, sacred music and on statues and images. Normally. I would have some observations to make on these items but dis- cretion may be the better part of valor in this instance. Discussions of Roman Curia Begins During the next week, the daily press will in all proba- bility keep you well posted on the discussions of the Council with regard to the relations of the bishop of a diocese and the Curia ieems 'Sure Loser' In Roman Curia of Congregations. I am sure that some of the re- porting will have us at each other's throats, with a short, sharp stiletto well placed for action between the fourth and fifth rib. We shall see how the situation develops for we are only starting the schema in question and it will take sev- eral days to determine the various trends that the discus- sions will take. There is no doubt but that the R o m a n congregations need updating and modern- izing. There has been little change in their format and in their approach to the problems and various types of controversial material pre- sented to them over scores of years, if you will. They move all too slowly and cumber- somely and a definite area of friction has developed here. No one wants to do away with the Roman Curia. It is a necessary adjunct to the Vati- can which the Pope uses to as- sist him in his immense task of administering the world-wide business of the Church. As such, it does not participate or, I might better state it should not participate in the work of the Council for its work is ad- ministrative in character while that of the Council is legisla- tive. It is equally certain that the Roman Curia will be relied upon to implement the work of the Council insofar as the task of translating into action the decrees of the Council is con- cerned. Must Be Modernized On September 21, Pope Paul VI, speaking to the members of the Roman Curia, declared that the Curia would have to undergo a modernization pro- cess, that it would have to be- come internationalized, t h a t many of its powers would have to be turned over to bishops in their own dioceses or to con- ferences of bishops in their re- spective nations or regions. We shall see what develops; it will be interesting and I shall try to keep you posted. It is possible that before the week is out, we may have a translation system estab- lished (installed is not the word) in St. Peter's for the benefit of all the Fathers of the Council. It will probably work as fol- lows: Each Council Father will receive a transior radio on which he may dial the lan- guage he desires to hear, through ear plugs that will come with the radio. All speeches and discussions in Latin must be in the hands of the secretariat at least three days before the speaker is to take the floor so that they may be translated into the six lan- guages that will be used in the broadcasting, Italian, Spanish, English, German, French and" Arabic. For example, when the Eng- lish speaker is announced, a reader in a booth nearby will read his speech in English and those who wish to hear it, will merely tune in to that wave length and listen to the lan- guage they understand best. It will not be perfect for it will not take into consideration cor- rections a speaker may make in his manuscript, etc., but it will be an improvement over the Latin t' some of the Fathers speak or I should say, pronounce, for the Latin is per- fect but the accent used is bothersome. For the benefit of the femi- nine readers of this esteemed column, if such there are still in existence, may I state that a recent report has it that possibly before the end of this session, five women may be admitted to the sacred pre- cincts of our council aula! Proh dolor! (you look it up). I received the following from one of my loyal feminine read- ers. It is among the more kindly and more sympathetic notes that came my way from some people with no sense of humor or little of it: It seems that Michael told his father at lunch one day that the best student in his class was a girl but that he was the next best student. "Well, Michael," the father prodded him, "are you going to let a mere girl beat you?" "You d on' t understand, dad," said Michael. "Girls these days are not so mere as they used to be." I'll say they aren't. This reader has a nice sense of humor. Two Bishops Die It was reported today at the opening of the Council ses- sion that great old Australian Patriarch, Archbishop Daniel Mannix of Melbourne, died in his 99th year, active and with the full use of his faculties 'til the last. Bishop Ferdinand Piontek of Germany also passed to his eternal reward and I ask you to remember them in your prayers. Are you praying regularly, even in November, for the suc- cess of the Council? God love you all. (Continued from Page 1) were invited to review it. He said, however, that in its essence no one objected to what the document said, but rather to what it did not say. On the matter of increased faculties in dioceses, Archbishop Binz said: "We are saying to the Holy Father that any of the facul- ties which we have been able to get in the past merely by presenting our request and awaiting its confirmation by return mail should be able to be granted by the bishops themselves." Other bishops in Rome were referring to this as "rubber stamp dispensations." The session opened with an announcement by the council's secretary general, Archbishop Pericle Felici, that a booklet would be distributed with amendments proposed for the text of the schema "On Bishops and the Government of Dioceses." He announced further that for the present discussion would be limited to the general acceptability of the schema: The the schema was presented by Paolo Cardinal Marella, President of the Commission on Bishops and the Government of Dioceses. It was briefly explained by Bishop Luigi Carli of Segni, Italy, who, as spokesman for the commission, outlined the his- tory of the commission's activities. Achille Cardinal Lienart of Lille, France, the first to speak, said that the schema should contain a special chapter on the relationships between the Pope and the College of Bishops. He was referring, as later speakers in the morning were to do, to the previously decided question of the collegiality of bishops, that is, that the bishops acting together share in the power of governing the Church with .the Pope. He said: "If it were made clear in the text that bishops have and exercise their power without infringing in any way on the primacy of the Roman Pontiff, the text would be much more acceptable." Cardinal McIntyre noted that the schema devotes special attention to national conferences of bishops, that such confer- ences have long been in existence in some areas and that now the proposal is made to give them a defined juridical status. (As an example, although Cardinal McIntyre did not cite this specifically, the annual national meeting of the U.S. Bishops which imn!ements its works and decisions through the National Catholic Welfare Conference in Washington, D.C., could, if the majority agreed, decide on a certain legislation for the Church in the U.S. and make it binding for every diocese.) "This proposal entails serious consequences," continued Car- dinal McIntyre. "It might be criticized for appearing to place undue emphasis on the part of human wisdom in the care of souls and not enough on the supernatural. Giving clearly defined juridical status to national episcopal conferences would not be without anxiety and danger. It would introduce a radical change in the structure of the Church and could easily develop into a genuine threat to the unity of the Church. We should heed St. Paul's warning and base our faith not on human wisdom, but on the power of God." Cardinal Mclntyre noted that, both in the modern and an- cient history of the Church, the tendency to give legislative powers to conferences of bishops has led to trouble for the Church. Debate Cardinal Ruffini of Palermo warned that the proposal could "lead into dangerous waters." Cardinal Koenig of Vienna asked caution, saying, "Long experience of the National Catholic Wel- fare Conference in the United States and the Conference of Ger- man Bishops shows very fruitful results can be obtained even when the Conference has only moral and not juridical authority over its individual members." A basic weakness of the schema, according to Valerian Car- dinal Gracias of Bombay, India, is that it provides no clearcut definition of a diocese and fails to describe adequately the role of the bishop in his diocese. An identical point was made in his turn by Auxiliary Bishop Narciso Jubany Arnau of Barcelona, Spain. An accusation of tampering with the schema was made by Paul Cardinal Richaud of Bordeaux, France; Bishop Giuseppe Cardinal Gargitter of Bressanone, Italy; Bishop Jean Rupp of Moaco and Bishop Pablo Correa Leon of Cucuta, Colombia. Cardinal Richaud said: "The schema as it stands seems to be somewhat out of harmony with the intentions of those who prepared it." Bishop Hodges of Wheeling asked that the schema under consideration spell out the difference between powers reserved to the Pope himself and those reserved to congregations of curia. Auxiliary Bishop Rafael Gonzalez of Valencia, Spain, asked that representatives of the whole body of bishops elect the Pope, not just cardinals. On the matter of the powers of bishops, Archbishop Baudoux added: "The approach used in the present text amounts to a downgrading of bishops because it speaks of a 'grant' of facul- ties to them." Council's Fifth Week Notes Major Moves VATICAN CITY (NC) ---The ecumenical coun- cil in its fifth week in ses- sion made these sweep- ing moves: --paved the way for a declar- ation stating the bishops of the world as a body, led by the Only they know the secret Only four monks of the Carthu- sian Order know the secret of making Chartreuse, a secret preserved for more than 350 years. Their dedication is re- warded by your enjoyment of this superb liqueur. Before or after dinner, Chartreuse is en- joyable in a variety of ways. For illustrated booklet write Schieffelin & Co., 30 Cooper Sq., New York, Dept. R CHARTREUSE Yellow 86 Proof , Green II0 Proof Pope, have divine right su- preme power over the whole Church. --voted approval of the last chapter of its document on the ! liturgy, thus setting the stage  for final approval within a.mat- ter of weeks of the whole schema which looks toward broad revisions in the public worshi p of the Church. --approved in principle the ordination of deacons to serve as such permanently, r a t h e r i than going on to the priesthood. -.-:: .. operated under procedures revised in a way promising to BUY THE FAMILY PACKi ..... speed up its activity. . . -rid remember " ' The October 30 action promis- SUNNY JIM TABLE SYRUP ing a declaration on the collegi- --:A _%  ality of the bishops was regard- ed as a council turning point. The Fathers voiced their ap- proval of the concept of the college of bishops and on the restoration of the permanent diaconate in a special vote on five questions. The vote was called for by the council moder- ators as a way to speed up pro- cedures. The balloting was to serve as a guide to the council Theological Commission in re- vising the chapter dealing with the hierarchy in the schema on the nature of the Church. It thus precluded fur- ther prolonged discussion. The five questions, with the voting results, were: I. Whether episcopal conse- cration is the highest grade of the Sacrament of Holy Orders: yes, 2,123; no, 34. 2. Whether every bishop, who is in union with all the bishops and the pope, belongs to the body or college of bishops: yes, 2,049; no, 104. 3. Whether the college of bish- ops succeeds the college of should be restored as a dis- tinct and permanent rank in the sacred ministry: yes, 1,588; no, 525. At the American Bishops' press panel following the meet- I g, Rev. Gregory Baum, O.S. A., of Toronto, council expert, noted that the vote in favor of the five points was "an in- estimable aid and support of the AUGUSTIN CARDINAL BEA In An Ecumenical Mood Apostles and, together with the pope, has full and supreme power over the whole Church: yes, 1,808; no, 336. 4. Whether the college of bish- ops, in union with the pope, has this power by divine right: yes, 1,717; no, 408. 5. W h e t h e r the diaconate I tion to subdivide itself into I I ' The ' subcommissions, as it has al- I I I I ready done in order to take I (ATH011C ,,.,.,.._., points u n d e r consideration NORTHWEST rnuunm and reorganize the schema.  ! I The day it took the special  Bi99er and better ban over--brings you vital Catholic vote on the collegiality concept,  news and views from all the world, for only $4.00 a year [ [-- less than 8 cents a week. the council also passed amend- ments to the liturgy schema's ! chapter on sacred music. These  Sign the Cord NOW, Pay at Your Convenience ] ! included among other things a I I Enter my subscription for The Catholic Northwest Progress. position of the moderators." He recommendation that tradition- u said that the successful use of al local music be adapted to the ! this procedural device would liturgy, especially in mission  Name ................................................... enable moderators in the fu- ture to discover the majority feeling of the council Fathers on a particular subject without the need for hearing an inter- minable multiplication of speak- ers. Bishop John J. Wright of Pittsburgh, a member of the Theological Commission, told the vote on the five points would make it "enormously easier" for the subcommission dealing with the collegiality of bishops to revise the chapter. He said that the Theological Commission is now in a posi- regions. Then October 31, before re- cessing for a four-day holi- day, the Council F a t h e r s passed the final chapter on the document on public wor- ship. They saved almost a whole day's work by combin- ing into one two chapters I dealing with sacred art. ! ! Among the provisions adopt- ed were: n encouragement of the use j of contemporary--but not ab- stract-art forms in churches. I establishing beauty, rather I n I I Street .............. [ I I I I  Town .......................... Zone ...... State .......... I , l Parish ................................................... I I Mail to the Catholic Northwest Progress 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle, Wash., 98104 or call Progress Circulation MAin 2-8880, Ext. 19 I Why Not Send THE PROGRESS To ] A Non.Cathollc Friend? [ I (Continued on Page 3) I l'-- llm nllll I llll l iN i iii iill I i l l i ill l U iIi llllllflllllllllll ll iN ll