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November 6, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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November 6, 1964

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2--THE PROGRESS F,id00y, Nov00 6, !964 Dissolves Foundahon's I - '" Board government has dissolved the administrative board of the ,'_ Balzan P r i z e International Foundation which awarded its Churches Give Housing Aid LONDON (NC)--Catholics are cooperating with other Chris- tian groups in a British Churches' Housing Trust just formed to provide houses and apartments for rent for those in sPecial need. *'., The Anglican and Protestant Churches, Quakers, Jews and Cathbi/es are all represented on the trust, which is obtaining a grant fro London civic authorities and has appointed a pro- fessional housing adviser. He will stimulate formation of housing associations through local inter-church councils and other religious organizations to meet the most acute needs in each area. This will be concen- trated on London at present, but later it is hoped to operate in other areas of Britain. , ' q O @ Church.State Relation Topic ' LONDON (NC)--A commission appointed by the Swedish government to examine the relationship between the established Lutheran Church in Sweden and the state called on Catholic authorities in London to discuss the situation in Britain. The commission members spent over an hour at Archbishop's House, where they discussed the legal, educational, political and social issues involving Catholics in England, where the Anglican Church is the state church. Among those taking part in the talks on the Catholic side were Auxiliary Bishop George Craven of Westminster and three Catholic members of Parliament. first prize to the late Pope John XXIII in 1963. The government's action fol- lowed a dispute earlier this year when foundation officials awarded the prize to U Thant, secretary general of the Unit- ed Nations, without consulting the full prize committee. At the heart of the contro- versy has been Roy. Enrico Zucca, O.F.M., who has been charged by various other foundation officials with by- passing official committees and failure to observe the foundation's statutes. Last year the Swiss govern- ment froze foundation funds as a result of the controversy over the U Thant award and the Ital- ian government's action has been taken by virtue of the gov- ernment's power to watch over and control activities of the foundations. A commissioner has been ap- pointed to straighten out mat- ters over a six-month period. SARGENT SHRIVER AND WILLIAM E. MORAN JR. WASHINGTON, D.C. (NC) -- The 1964 Peace Award of the Catholic Association of International Peace was presented to Sargent Shriver by William E. Moran Jr., CAIP president and dean of the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service here. : ..: The presentation was' made at the annual CAIP conference here. Shriver was cited "for furthering the Christian principles of justice and charity in international life." : Appeal On Mi;ers' Behalf BONN (NC)--Bishops Franz Hengsbach of Essen and Joseph Hoeffner of Muenster have appealed to West German Chancellor Ludwig Erhard to take measures to aid thousands of coal miners facing unemployment in the Ruhr area. Twenty-eight Rub mines are scheduled to be closed because of competition from oil and cheap imported coal. The bishoPs' message to the chancellor expressed their deep sorrow at the threatened loss of jobs and asked "for effective measures especially to prevent the most serious human, family and social need." e O Converts Demed Pnwleges NEW DELHI, India (NC)--The Indian suprem e court has ruled that converts are not eligible to special privileges enjoyed by members of Hindu scheduled castes. The ruling came when the court upheld a lower court in- validation of election of a Buddhist convert from a constituency reserved for scheduled castes: The government claims that the aid is in relief of the dis- abilities suffered by Harijans on account of untouchability. The government argues that, as untouchability is a special feature of Hinduism, converts are not entitled to the relief. LOVE FOR THE SICK, the handicapped, the crippled, marked the life of Blessed Luigi Guanella, the social action priest whom Pope Paul VI beatified October 25. Here the Holy Father kneels to chat with a group of youngsters from the Father Guanella Home in Rome. Vatican Council II Takes Vote On Birth Control Schema (Continued From Page 1) sacrifice of a particular value in order to save the value of the whole marriage. Here he added a crucial sentence: "But with our new understanding of the science of man, and especially with our growing understanding the essential distinction between merely biological sexuality and human sexu- ality, an honest doubt is arising among many couples and among scientists and some theologians about the arguments produced to demonstrate that in such conflicts in the married life of the faithful 0f good will, complete or periodic continence is the sole solution which is entirely efficacious, moral and Christian." The cardinal said the Church should be solicitious for the purity of the observance of divine law, but it must also be solici. tious for human problems. He added: "The Church must in a holy and diligent way so search that all Christians may know that the Church, whatever the answer may be, has studied the problem with great charity with all the means which the various sciences can bring." Be suggested creating a permanent commission to follow the growth of problems treated by the council's schema on the Church in the modern world. Cardinal Alfrink's carefully prepared speech was followed by a virtually extemporaneous plea from Alfredo Cardinal Ot- taviani, secretary of the Congregation of the Holy Office, that the council not leave the role of Divine Providence out of the scheme's treatment of marriage problems. He said he had no text, since he had expected to speak later. (It is believed that the moderators warned him they planned to ask for a cloture vote, which, in fact, was passed by a great majority.) Then the cardinal, who has risen to one of the highest of- flees in the Church, recalled his childhood in Rome's tough Trastevere district. "I come from a family of 12 children," the cardinal began. "My father was a workingman, not an owner or manager. I was the 10th Child. "Never did my parents have any doubts about Divine Provi- dence." " " He quoted Christ's words: "Look at the birds of the air: they do not sow, or reap, or gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of much more value than they?" "We are forgetting Divine Providence," he declared. He asserted that the text insinuates that the Church has erred in the past on a grave moral problem. He said that if such is the case, the commission now drafting the text on the Church's indefectibility in doctrine should revise its text. Cardinal Ottaviani said the council cannot possibly approve the freedom granted by the schema to married couples to judge for themselves the number of children they should have. The Scriptural command to increase and multiply, he said, is not in opposition to the other text which speaks of married couples as two in one flesh. Cardinal Ottaviani said that Michael Cardinal Browne, O.P., of theRoman curia, would emphasize the doctrinal points which he too felt should be emphasized. Cardinal Browne first noted that he was a member of the mixed commission which had drafted the schema. He said that he therefore had at one time decided not to speak, But he added that he felt that certain things should be said which until then had not been said. "My purpose in asking to speak was to offer witness on things that cannot usefully be argued about," Cardinal Browne said. Some things are certain, he said, from beth of the Church's teaching authority and the classical schools of theologians. The primary end of marriage is the procreation and education of children. Other considerations of mutual help and the satis- faction of desires must not be lost sight of, but they are second- ary ends. He made the classical distinction between the love of desire, in which the lover desires his own good, and the love of friend- ship, in which the lover desires the good of the beloved. "The love needed in marriage to keep it firm, stable and deep is the love of friendship," he said. More for CPA in 64 at Seattle Pacific Northwest Regional Convention / CATHOLIC PRESS ASSOCIATION Sunday, Monday and Tuesday / NOVEMBER 8, 9, I0, 1964 host / CATHOLIC NORTHWEST PROGRESS / Sorrento Hotel / Seattle, Washington. THE HEADLINERS The RL. Rev. Msgr. Robert G. Peters President, Catholic Press Association Editor, Peoria Register, Peoria, Illinois The Roy. Nell G. MeCluskey, S,J. Academic Vice President, Dean of Faculties, Gonzaga University Former Education Editor, "America" The Roy. James H. Gandrau Pacific Northwest Regional President, CPA Editor, Catholic Northwest Progress The Rev. Francis J. Greene, S.J. Head, Journalism Department, Seattle University The Rev. Peter F. Chirieo, S.S. Professor, Dogmatic Theology, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore The Roy. John D. Lynch Moderator, Catholic Interracial Council of Seattle The Roy. Timothy Lamm, O.S.B. Journalism Department, St. Martin's High School, Olympia Mother Mary Loretta, F.C.S.P. Provincial Superior, Sacred Heart Province, Sisters of Charity of Providence Sister Gertrude of Providence, F.C,S.P. Administrator, Providence Hospital, Seattle James Doyle Executive Secretary, CPA Editor, "Catholic Journalist," New York City "In married life there is indeed sense pleasure. Yet it is German Hogan natural that the more one party is moved by desire, the more the other party loses the love of friendship. Therefore, care should be taken in demanding marriage rights." He said the teaching that the conjugal act must conform to nature and remain lawful in sterile periods can be found In the works of Popes Lee XIII, Plus XI and Plus XII. There are and always will be difficulties which must be solved by seien. tific discoveries rather than by theological discussions, he said, and added that the Church can only await the outcome of pres- ent research. If, with the Pope's consent, the council also occupies it- self with problems' about the infertile period, this should be done through a commission, he said. Auxiliary Bishop Joseph Reuss of Mainz, Germany, speaking in the name of 145 bishops of many countries, echoed Cardinal Alfrink's emphasis on the distinction between merely biological sex and human sex. He asked that the text be amended to in- clude this emphasis. Bishop Reuss said the schema should say that human sexu- ality involves the whole person. He asked for a forthright state- ment that married people must realize that they are called to procreation and not just to the selfish use of marriage. Archbishop Joseph Urtasun of Avignon, France, deplored the text's silence on divorce, which he called a plague of rood. ern life. Be pointed to the dangers to children involved in divorce. Be said the schema should include a passage on the social implications of chastity and its importance in helping to choose a marriage partner. He said he entirely agreed with Cardinal Alfrink. Bishop Abilio del Campo y de la Barcena of Calahorra, Spain, said some parts of the text conflict with the traditional dictrine on conjugal love and imply approval of errors which have been condemned by the Church. This means a danger of scandal both inside and outside the Church, he said. Like Cardinal Ottaviani, he criticized the scheme's failure to mention spiritual supports in the difficulties of married life. Be said the text implies it is almost impossible to keep God's laws, Bishop Joseph Nkongolo of Luebo, the Congo, said the schema should state the most basic requirements for a valid marriage and should insist on its unity and indissolubility. Bishop Francisco Rendeiro of Faro, Portugal, asserted that it is the state's duty to safeguard the sanctity of family life, especially through movies, radio and TV, He said it is an ines- capable fact that the theme of most shows in these media is human love, and that these do not always treat love with proper reverence. Youths must be protected, he said. Bishop Pietro Fiordeili of Prate, Italy, urged that the text deal with the problem of abortion and asked that some- thing be said about how to help young people of courting age. Special attention should be devoted to illegitimate children, who are deprived both of teir name and a home, he stated. Bishop Fiordelli said the council should not concern itself in detail with methods of birth control but should follow the Pope's example and put the question into the hands of a commission of experts. Bishop Juan Hervas y Benet for Ciudad Real, Spain, com- plained that the schema, though basically good, reflects one viewpoint among many. He said that there was no mention of the influence of the supernatural life, of trust in Providence, of the love and accep- ts.rice of the Cross. Archbishop Bernard Yago of Abidjan, Ivory Coast, urged the council to say something clear on the problems of tribalism. Be criticized the scheme's silence on the modern cult of sensuab ity and on polygamy. Like Bishop Nkongolo, he asked for a statement on the need for free consent in marriage. He also asked for a statement on the abuses of the dowry system and on divorce. Gregorio Cardinal Agsgienian, moderator of the day, an- nounced that the moderators considered debate had been suf- ficient on the subject of family life (Article 21). He put it to a vote. An overwhelming majority opproved. Managing Editor, Catholic Sentinel, Portland, Oregon The Rev. Paul J. Beeman Director, Public Relations, Methodist Church, Pacific Northwest Conference Walter T. Hubbard Jr. President, Catholic Interracial Council of Seattle George Edgar Station Manager, Radio KETO, Seattle Rip Collins News Staff, Radio KVI, Seattle Arthur Gerbel Sr. Director of Public Affairs, KOMO Radio-Television, Seattle Margy Grennan Producer, "Telescope," KING-TV, Seattle Dan Cheney Assistant Makeup Editor, Seattle Times Edwin J. Mitchell Church Editor, Seattle Post.Intelligencer Dr. Woodrow R. Clevenger Associate Professor of Marketing, Seattle University Robert Schulman Director, Special Features, KING-TV, Seattle Lane Smith Religion Editor, Seattle Times Ed Donehoe Editor, Washington Teamster, Seattle Marry Camp Educational Director, Radio KOMO, Seattle Producer-Moderator, "What's New in the Schcolhouse," KOMO-TV, Seattle Producer, "Challenge," KOMO Radio-Television, Seattle R. L. (Buzz) Capener Executive Vice President & Northwest Manager David W. Evans & Associates, Seattle, Portland, Salt Lake City Priest Receives German Award MILAN (NC)--The Rev. Leonhard Adler, O.F.M., builder of Berlin's Tempelhof airport and former Catholic Action leader in Germany, has received the German Cross for Achievement in a ceremony here. After many years of public service as an engineer, Adler came to Milan to direct the municipal transportation system. He later entered the monastery, and was ordained in 1956 by then Archbishop Giovanni Montini of Milan, the present Pope Paul VI. Protest Pope Paul's Visit POSTERS PROTESTING the forthcoming visit of Pope Paul VI to India are read by an Indian student in New Delhi. Religiousgroups in India are asking that the Pope's visit be cancelled and that Christian missionaries end their, work in India. Inter-American Married Couples Suggested Press Award As Council Auditors To Maryknoll MEXICO CITY (NC) -- The 1964 Inter-American Press As. sociation-Tom Wallace Award was presented hem to Mary- knoll magazine. The magazine was cited for its "excellent, comprehensive, perceptive coverage of Latin America." The Rev. Albert J. Nevins,: editor of Maryknnll, was presented with a bronze plaque by Manuel Cisneros, former Prime Minister of Peru who now publishes Lima's La Cronies. The ,Awards Committee cited 63 Maryknoll articles dealing with Latin America in 1953, and Cisneros noted that "since the end of World War II, MaryknoU magazine has made it a policy to actively promote friendship and understanding among the countries and : people of the Americas." ROME (NC)--A bishop from India wants married couples brought into the hall of the Second Vatican Council when it discusses its document on marriage. "Millions of families the world over would be filled with emotion and gratitude if one or two families were invited for the discussions on matri- mony," Bishop Lawrence Trover Picechy, S.J., of Jams- hedpur told the N.C.W.C. News Service here. It would be a "symbolic ges- ture," the Jesuit bishop said, and would show the council's "recognition of the dignity of marriage and family life." Bishop Picaehy pointed out that lay auditors were invited to the council in 1963, that women were brought into the third session, and that repre- sentative narish priests were invited to attend the debate on the priesthood. . Be said the exhaustive de- bate on the laity has failed to touch on one vital point--the family as the unit or "subject" of the lay opostolate. "God has instituted the family as the first and most basic social unit," the bishop said. "By its very nature the family apostolate can claim priority ever other forms." However, not every- one has the time and inclina- tion to join apostolic organi- zations, and not everyone is suited to their discipline, the bishop said. "Youth movement leaders are still grappling with the problem of how to preserve the zeal of their most promis- ing leaders after marriage. Perhaps the Christian Family Movement may prove1 to be a providential answer. A couple- centered apostolate is always more effective than an individ- ual effort." Press Agency Group Slates Rome Meeting ROME (NC)--Representatives of 11 members of the Interna- tional Federation of Catholic Press Agencies will meet here November 9 to elect a new president. The office was left vacant with the resignation of Frank A. Ball, who withdrew when he retired from the directorship of the N.C.W.C. News Service, Washington. The meeting will be attended by representatives of national Catholic news agencies in the United States, Canada, the Congo, Belgium, Germany, Aus- tria, Spain, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Italy and Argen- tina. Be sure to keep up with the latest in CYO news. Read The Progress each week. Let us help you plan your whole insurance program  for your family, home, car, boat, and business . . . your very way of life.., so that it protects you better with every penny you invest. Call or visit us soon! See your SAFECO AGENT He's listed in the Yellow. Pages INBURANGE