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November 1, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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John Eckha More on the Blessed Mother ust prior to the begin- ning of the second session of Vatican II, Rev. Gregor-, Beam, O.S.A. made what I thought to be a particularly inane suggestion for the edification of the Coun- cil Fathers. It was Father Beam's wish this council do nothing more about Mariological doc- trine or dogma. i don't know if Father Baum was attempting to second guess the Divine wisdom of the Holy Spirit, or whether he just feels we have quite enough about Mary, and any more spoil our new image with e Protestant. In any case, I cannot but feel that Father Baum would do well to look further into our theology as it concerns the Mother of God. For any so lined I recommend, with rying degrees of enthusiasm, following books: "MARY MOTHER OF THE LORD," by Karl Rahne r, S. J., Herder & Herder, 107 pp., $2.95. he author needs little in- troduction. He is well known, and on e whole I think well con- ered. Father Rahner has made not a few antagonists as a polemic theologian, but in this little book he leaves the academic and philosophical battle fields for a work of quiet, yet keryg- rustic contemplation and doc- 'inc. With all of his attainments m areas of intellectual in- terest, the author still main- rains a child.like and loss sophisticated approach to Mary. This is good. Always, even when discussing the profound depths of meaning in her title Mediatrix of all Grace, Father Rahner shades 1is writing in what is really loving innocence. Do not mistake this for rank sentiment however. In showing that because of Christ, the God man Redeemer, a theology of Mary is not only By JOHN J. ECKHART possible but necessary he states: " . . . that is ultimately why a mariology is possible, a teaching of the faith con- cerning the Blessed Virgin Mothers' of Our Lord. That is why mariolngy is not merely a piece of the private life story of Jesus of Naza- reth, of no real ultimate significance for our salvation, but an affirmation of faith it- self coneeruing a reality of the faith, without w h i c h there is no salvation." And as if in answer to those critics, in and out of the Church who tremble that the Council may have more to say about Mary, the author writes: "So there is no need for us to be nervous, sparing or niggardly when we honor Mary. It is a sign of a truly Catholic life, when there grows to maturity in our hearts, slowly but genuinely, cultivated humbly and faith- fully, a personal and tender love of the blessed Virgin." While the book is essentially a short outline of various im- portant aspects of Marian theology, it is very well written and worthy of our full attention. In places it is a prayer. "MARY, ARCHTYPE OF THE CHURCH," by Otto Semmel- ruth, S.J., Sheed & Ward, $3.95, 175 pp. erhaps this book should be categorized to some extent as a special work for the speculative theologian. While this could, certainly not by intent, frighten away the less abstract thinking American layman, do not hesitate to read this book if the chance presents itself. The author has the near legendary Germanic facility for plunging to new and deep- er depths. Here, in this short book, he develops the sometimes com- plicated, but always es- sentially simple concept of Mary, the Mother of God, as the perfect archtype, the full and complete figure of the church of salvation, the community of the redeemed Feature Films Bellingham KVDS-TV Channel 12 Seattle On Television KING-TV (NBC) Channel 5 KIR0'TV (CBS) Channel 7 Tacoma , KTNT-TV (CBS) Channel 11 KOMO-TV (ABC) Channel 4 KTVW-TV Channel 13 MOTION PICTURE CLASSIFICATION BY NATIONAL LEGION OF DECENCY: A-I--Morally Unobjectionable for General Patrcnage; A-II--Morally Unobjectionable for Adults and Adolescents; A-III--Morally Unobjectionable for Adults: B--Morally Objectionable in Part for All; C-Condemned; Classification; NR--No Rating Available. (Note: The ratings listed below were those given the original movies. Most films before being shown on tele- vision are edited to conform to the television code and to the individual station's time schedule. For this reason, b]ectionable Darts contained in the original Dlot may be deleted in the television version and thus the original Legion rating may not be entirely correct.) SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2 11:30a.m.--KVOS-TV--Stranger on Horseback ................................ AI 2:30 p.m.wKING-TV--The Texas Rangers .............................. , .... " I:00p.m.--KIRO-TV--War of the Satellites ............................... " Cottage ..................................... A-I 9:00p.m.--KING-TV--Let's Make Love ........................................ --B 10:00 p.m,--KTNT-TV--The Mummy .. ................................ ........ ',, '' 11:00 p.m.--KI RO-TV--Aphrodlte ..................................... ' ......... r ................................. 11:00p.m.--KVOS-TV--The Boss "'Divide ........................ A I 11:25 p.m.--glNG-TV--AIong the ",r'' I_[ 11:30p.m.--KOMO-TV--East Side, West Side ................................... B 12:45 p.m.--KVOS-TV--KHIer Is Loose ................................... A-If SUNDAY, NOVEMBER S 11:30a.m.--KIRO-TV--The Blue Dahlia ..................................... A-n 11:30a.m.--KVOS-TV--The Lady Killers .................................... A-II 2:00 p.m.--KING.TV--The Golden Hawk ...................................... B 4:30 p.m.--KTVW-TV--GIIdersleeve's Ghost .................................... B 4:30 p.m.--KOMO-TV--Heldl ............................................ A-I 4:30p.m.--KTNT-TV--Jungle :)ira In the Forbidden Land .................. A- .m.--KVOS-TV--Son of Samson ....................................... NR ....... ............. .... .......A-I MON OA4, No VMOEa 4 9:30 p.m.--KOMO.TV--Rockabl[ly Baby .................................... A-I 2:00p.m.--KTNT-TVSo You Won't Talk ................................... A-I 3:30p.m.KING-TV--Because of Him .................................... A-II S:30 p.m.--KVOS-TV--Challenge of Lassie ................................. A-I 7:00p.m.KIRO-TV--The Fabulous World of Julius Verne ..... . ........... A-I 7:30 p.m.--KING-TV--White Feather ......................................... A-II 10:30 p.m.KTNT-TV--Lady from Cheyenne ................................. A-It 11:00 p.m.--KVOS-TV--ln A Lonely Place ................................... A-n 11:30p.m.--KOMO-TV--Man with a Million ................................... A-I I:00a.m.--KTVW-TV--By Your Leave .................................. NR TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 5 9:30 p.m.--KOMO-TV--Southwest Passage ................................... A-If 2:00 p.m.--KTNT-TV--:-Lady from Cheyenne ................................ A-II 1:30p.m.--KING.TV-LThe Lady and the Bandit ............................. A-II i:30 p.m.--KVOS-TV--Arabian Nights .......................................... e ).m.--KTNT-TV--Untamed Breed ....................................... A-II 11:00p.m.--KVOS-TVCaptaln Horatio Hornblower .......................... A-I 11:30 p.m.--KOMO-TV--Warpoint .............................................. NR 1:00 a.m.KTVW-TV--Weokend for Three ................................... A-If WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 6 9:30 a.m.--KOMO-TV--GOg ................................................ ....A-I 2:00 p.m.--KTNT-TV--Untamed Breed ...................................... A-II 3:30p.m.KING-TV--Sunny Side ot the Street ............................. A-I 5:30 p.m.--KVOS-TV--Okinowa ................................... A-I 7:00p.m.--KTVW-TV--Anne of Windy Poplars ............................... A-I 10:30 p.m.--KTNT-TV--Suez .............................................. A-il 11:00p.m.--KVOS-TV--The Bad and the Beautiful ............................ B 11:30p.m.KOMO-TV--Above Us the Waves ................................. A-I l:00a.m.--KTVW-TV--Mexlcan Spitfire Out West ........................... A-II THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 7 30 a.m.--KOMO-TV--The invitation ........................................ A-II ).m.--KTNT-TV--Suez .................................................... A-I I S:30p.m.KING.TV--The Brave Bu11s (Part I) ............................. A-If 5:30 p.m.--KVOS-TV--When the Daltons Rode ...... , ....................... A-II 7:00 p.m.--KTNT-TV--Killers of KIllmanJaro ................................ A-I 10:30 p.m.--KTNT-TV--The Invisible Woman ................................... B 11:00 p.m.KVOS-TV--Summer Stock ......................................... A-II 11:30p.m.--KOMO.TV--Ralders of the Seven Seas ............................ A-I 1:00 a.m.--KTVW-TV--The Master Race .................................... A-II FRIDAY, NOVEMBER S 9:30a.m.--KOMO-TV--Hell on OevWs Island .............................. A-II 2:00 p.m.KTNT-TV--Back to Nature ....................................... A-I 3:30p.m.--KING-TV--The Brave Bulls (Part II) ........................... A-II S:30p.m.--KVOS-TV--Jungle Jim and the Mark of the Gorilla ............ NR 7:00 p.m.--KTVW.TV--Adventure in Baltimore .............................. A-I 10:30 p.m.--KTNT-TV--Crash Landing .......................... ............... A-I 1:00 p.m.--KVOS-TVBhowanl Juncnon ..................................... A-II 1:30 p.m.--KOMO-TV--I Cry Tomorrow .................................... 1:00 a.m.--KVOS-TV--The Money ........................................... NR I:00a.m.--KTVW-TV--Affalr with e Stranger ..................... . .......... A-n This Review Is Sponsored by Catholic Gifts & Church Goods, Inc. Religious goods for the home, church and school. A pleasant shopping atmosphere with a select variety of religious gifts. 607 Union St., Seattle I MUtual 2-3929 that is the mysterious Body of Christ. Through her "fiat" Mary ac- cepted the happy fate of all men to share in the redeem- ing merits of Christ. From this act, and the subsequent act of the Motherhood of God, she became at once and for etern- ity the Co-mediator of all grace. Father Semmelroth explores the richness and majesty of Mary as Mother of God, Bride of Christ and co-redeem. er of man. Some of his chapters ex- plain some of the titles possessed by Our Lady, such as Co-Redeemer and Media- trix of all Graces, that are not fully understood, or downright misunderstood by many. With wisdom and as much clarity as is possible within such a subject, Father Sem- melroth indicates that these are not empty titles made up by sentimental slobs and that, "the crucial importance of Mary's veneration is founded in the essence of the Church and in the essence of Mary herself. "Devotion to Mary is most natural to the Catholic Chris- tian because of his understand- ing of the Church which mani- fests its particular stamp in her." "THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY," by Gregory Alas- truey, vol. I., B. Herder Book Co., 341 pp., $6.00. hile the first two books were primarily excur- sions into somewhat specialized explanation a n d speculation, Father Alastruey, canon of the Metropolitan Church, Vallodo- lid, Spain, has written what is essentially a compilation. As such it has great merit and much value. In this volume Dr. Alas- truey concerns himself with t h e ancestry, motherhood and virginity of Mary, as well as her freedom from sin, fullness of grace and gifts of body and soul. Within this framework of chapters he develops a num- ber of sub-thesis, all in scholar- ly and organized style. He states his thesis, dicusses its implications, calls in the wit- ness .of the Bible, the Church Fathers, Church councils, and finally explores the theology of each part. The entire work is a monu- ment of investigation and re- search. The results are more en- cyclopedic than engrossing but this only adds to the total value of such a book for real Marian understanding and appreciation. Legion Of Decency First-Run Movies Showing In Seattle A-I--The Mouse On the Moon, Lilies of the Field. A-2--=The Old Dark House. A-3--Maniac. Other Movies Currently Showing A-l--How the West Was Won, Gathering of Eagles, The Young and the Brave, Fan- tasia, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, Cattle King. A-2---Lawrence Of Arabia, Girls Girls Girls, Thrill Of It All. A-3---Love and Larceny, Heav- ens Above, Come Blow Your Horn, Twilight of Hon- or, The V.I.P.'s, Breakfast At Tiffany's, All In A Night's Work, Beach Party. B--Irma La Douee, House Of Fright. SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 3 7:30 a.m., Catholic Hour, KING-Radio (1090 kc.) The Rev. Bade Grlfflths, O.S.B, of Kerala, India, will be the guest speak- er during the Sundays in November. Today's talk is entitled, "The Splrtual Heritage of Today's India." 7:45 a.m., Hour of St. Fnancls, KXA- Radio (770 kc.) The true story of Maria Augusta Trapp, as told In her book, "The Story of the Trapp Family Singers," has Jane Wyatt In the leading role. The pro- gram Is entitled "Overture to Love." 9:15 a.m., Sacred Heart Program, KIRO-TV, Channel 7. The Very Ray. Robert I. Gannon, S.J., director of the New York Jesuit Missions, will speak on "Tall Tales about Catholics," the first in a new series entitled "Toward Boiler Under- standing. ' 6 p.m., Challenge, KOMO-TV, Channel 4. The Rev. William Treocy, Rabbi Raphael Levlne and Dr. Lynn Carson will discuss the role of Israel in the society of nations. Israel was one of the places they visited during their recent People.to.People tour. 7:i$ p.m., Sacred Heart Program, KETO, KTVW-TV, Channel 13. "The Inner Vision," by Rev. Francis L. Filas, S.J., chairman of the depart- ment of theology at Loyola University in Chicago, Is the fifth in the series of talks on "The Power of Love." TUESDAY, NOVEMaER 5 8 p.m., History of Mexico, KVOS-TV, Channel 9. Dr. Thomas Downey of Seoflle Uni- versity will discuss Mexico and the Church. Seattle Conference On Religion ,and Race: Statement On Proper Role of Clergy INCE JUNE, questions and criticisms re. the proper role of the clergy in the present debate over Open Housing have been raised in the Seattle City Council, in newspaper columns and by individuals. Speaking as leaders of the Catholic, Protestant and Jewish clergy of Seattle, we wish to point out that no one expects public officials to abdicate their personal consciences in this or any other matter. After all, they are finally responsible to God. He will judge whether they are right or wrong. We believe that our elected City Council members have re- sponsibilities of decision-making for the body politic which only they can perform. On the other hand, moral and religious lead- ers have also certain unique and important responsibilities. These we wish to set forth in this statement. As commonly assumed, part of the clergy's function in the community is to create good will and understanding. However, religious leaders also have equally important historic functions of expressing judgment and of counseling those in political au- thority. The prophetic task of articulating the demands of God upon men cannot be evaded any more than the pastoral and priestly functions of clergy. Among the many prophets of ancient times who stood up fearlessly before kings and leaders were Moses before Pharaoh, Samuel before Saul, and Nathan before David. The Old Testa- ment writings are filled with many other examples. These men were not remiss in pronouncing sin and God's wrath when the divine law had been violated. Before Constantine, all Christians were in opposition to the imperial officials of Rome. Through the centuries of the Chris- tian era, priests, preachers, bishops, and other Christian leaders have often, in fulfillment of their divine calling, had to oppose those in government. (Admittedly, in doing so, the Church some- times was serving its own ends, but not always.) American History Shows Religious Leadership N OUR OWN NATION the colonial clergy often set themselves against the royal governors and other authorities. The clergy played a most important role in disseminating ideas, creating a favorable climate for the revolution, and undermining English domination in the early struggles for Ameriean freedom. Later, others of our clergy forefathers were among the most active spokesmen and agitators over several decades in the abolition of slavery. They even were critical of Abraham Lin- coln, for he did not decide to free the slaves until it became militarily and politically expedient to do so. If the pressure of religious forces had not been exerted over a long period of time and even upon the Great Emancipator, it is doubtful whether the slaves would have been freed when they were. In many other struggles for freedom, justice, and human rights in our nation and elsewhere in mankind's history, religious leaders have been in the forefront of bringing pressure to bear upon constituted authority who usually have wished to preserve the status qua. We have trled in our way, in our own time and in our own community, to carry on this historic and honorable task. It is true, of course, that Pharaohs of Egypt, kings of Israel, Christian emperors," colonial governors, and even Abraham Lincoln have been irritated by the expressions of the religious leaders referred to above. But it is also quire evident that progress in these areas of human affairs has been as much due to the out- spoken and courageous pronouncements of moral and religious leaders as other factors. Religion Has Important Function In Society HAT WE ARE trying to make clear is that prophets, re- ligious leaders, and Church and Synagogue have always had an important function in serving as the corporate conscience of society as a whole, if not of individual officials and citizens. If we do not fulfill this task, albeit sometimes poorly and in- adequately, we will become false prophets, religious leaders who fail to be God's spokesmen, and Church and Synagogue without integrity and purpose. James Reston in the New York Times for August 30, in com- menting on the role of church and clergy in securing adequate follow-up on the March on Washington, in terms of getting civil rights legislation passed by the Congress, gave one of the best answers to critics who say the clergy have no role in politics and government: "The whole movement for equality in American life will have to return to first principles before it will 'overcome' any- thing. And as moral principles preceded and inspired political principles in this country, as the church preceded the Congress, so there will have to be a moral revulsion to the humiliation of the Negro before there can be significant political relief." If there are to be advances in human rights and equality in Seattle, they will come about, in part, because of the moral re- vulsion over the inequalities of our present discriminatory prac- tices as articulated by religious leaders, lay members, and insti- tutions. (The Rev.) John Lynch, Catholic Co-Chairman (The Rev.) Lemuel Petersen, D.D. Protestant Co-Chairman (Rabbi) Jacob Singer Jewish Co-Chalrman (The Rev.) Samuel B. McKianey Chairman, Steering Committee --BROTHERS OF SAINT JOHN OF GOD--- Save Souls m a HOSPITAL BROTHER CANDIDATES ARE TRAINED AS: Registered Nurses, X-Ray, Laboratory Technicians, Pharmaciste, Therapists, Office Personnel Write: Director of Vocations 51'. John of God Hospital Los Angeles 1 8, Calif. 1 1 - i1'! g i 00.Anfll0ny 00essonger The National Catholic Family Magazine 340,000 subscrlber$ $4.00 per year Sample Copy sent upon request a Published by the FRANCISCAN FATHERS El I enclose $foryeors [] Please bill me $forrs. [] Pteose send sample copy. Nell , , A4*e,t C.y Inn*  $te Moil poymen, fo: ST. ANTHONY MESSENGER . 1615 Re.public Streel, Cincinnati, Ohio 45210 Fr;day, Nov. I, 1%3 THE PROGRESS--5 'Let Down Scarlet Cord' By MOST REVEREND FULTON J, SHEEN DOME--The Church is holy. We say bishops in our midst all have one thing in I this daily in the Creed, but here common: they are all either very poor, or at in Rnm w  ;e ;, ooHn, A o,, least poor in spirit. Though I dislike being a ['" "'"'..': "Y" .[ .............. " beggar for these or apostles and their mis- American msnop I ozten desire, as did the "o " po " ............. st ns, I suffer It for thmr sakes and pass on woman m me Jospel, m mucn me rooes ol the ain to ou Two riests in the United P . Y p some of our missionary and persecuted brothers in the episcopacy. Almost all of the more than 2,200 successors of the Apostles are in St. Peter's at least half an hour before Mass begins. Many are at the altar of St. Has X and the tomb of John XXIII, but most of them are at the altar of Our Lord in the Blessed Sacra, ment. Every morning three priests hear their confessions, while many who cannot be ac- commodated on kneeling benches kneel on the marble floor. O Each morning as they file in, and each noon as they exit, one is reminded of the scarlet cord of Rahab. When the spies of the Jews were sent across the Jordan they lodged with this woman, who asked to be spared when the Israelites came to possess the land promised by God. They gave her a sign: "Lot down a scarlet cord." The Fathers of the Church said this symbolized salvation through the Blood of Christ. In any case, the bishops filing through the main door of St. Peter's look like a scarlet card seeking salva- tion for the sinners of the world. O Let me tell you the story of just one, whose name we cannot give for fear of reprisals. We inquired how he read Mass during his years of torture in a concentration camp. He answer- ed that once a week he was given raisin bread. He would take out the raisins, pour a little water on them and, when they fermented, use a drop of wine a day for -the consecration. O These hundreds and hundreds of holy States recently sent great sacrifices for these Christ-like missionaries. Other holy priests, we know, will do the same. And the laity, in- stead of giving to those who already have so much, will begin to give to those who have nothing. If you cannot send anything, say a prayer that some of that holiness may rub off on this beggar for the holy missionaries of the Lord. GOD LOVE YOU to B.L.P. for $25 "At the suggestion o/ one o/ my princely surgeons, instead o[ a /ee /or his services, I send you this or your missions." . . . to Mrs. Y. G. /or $20 "This was put aside to aU back on; we will fall back on the Good Lord and send this to you." . . . to Mrs. ].T.B. /or $5 "In thanksgiving /or a "no malignancy' report." Worldmission, a quarterly magazine of missionary activities edited by Most Reverend Fulton 3. Sheen, is the ideal gift for priests, nuns, seminarians, hymen. Send $5 ($5.50 for foreign mail) for a one-year subscription to Worldmission, 366 5th Ave., New York, N.Y. 10001. Cut out this eolamn, pin your sacrifices to t and mail it to Most Rev. Fulton J. Sheen, National Director of the Society for the Propa- gation of the Faith, $1 - Sth Ave., New York, N.Y. 100Ol, or your Archdiocesan Director, Rev. Stephen Szeman, 07 Terry Ave., Seattle 981. .... More Than Just Wheat (Continued from Page 1) high. They would prefer to use their own ships and have the right to re-export some  wheat to their allies, includ- ing Cuba. Tuesday, U.S. shiwners let it be known that they are will- ing to make a concession by cutting their rates by some five dollars a ton for this pro- gram. The Russian purchasing mis- sion had warned that the deal might :fall through if it Wei'e not done. This brought instant reaction from Sen. Hubert Humphrey, who demanded im- mediate relaxation of shipping regulations that might block the sale. Said he: "'If we are going to sell wheat, we ought not to have the sale vitiated by rules and regulations." He likewise called for a "bold review" of U.S. trade policy with the Soviet Union by "relaxing the restrictions" on non-strategic, Pro-people items." But what could be of greater strategic/'aiue for the" Russians than wheat and more trade? Reasons )uestioned Now, do the Russians want American wheat or don't they? Do they need the wheat, or is Humphrey's proposal what they want--an expanded trade with the U.S., something Khrush- chev has been advocating for a long time. If thiswhat sale were really a financially profitable deal for the U.S., there might be some ground for defend- ing it, but the reasons given Communists, but no sooner had- commercial banks of this coun- we agreed to sell them wheat try. Their interest rate, plus than trouble developed in the the Export - Import Bank Berlin corridor, charge would total five per We were told that crop faib cent for the Russian loans. urns had caused a serious The article further states: wheat shortage and that sale "The guarantee by the of U.S. wheat would be a humanitarian act, but it now Export-Import Bank would be appears that there is no ration- made to the commercial ing of bread in Russia nor are banks, and the banks would there any indications that re- make the loan to the grain tioning will be necessary., traders rather than to the We were told that is Russians. would be a profitable sale of "However, the traders our surplus wheat, but then would then pass on the full it was discovered that the cost of the loan to the Soviet Russians could buy the cam- buyers . . . The terms on. modity for 90 cents a bushel visioned by the U.S. export less than Americans have to financing agency are report. pay for the same wheat. In ed to call for a 2 per cent other words, American tax- cash down payment, with the payers are subsidizing Soviet remainder p a id in three purchases o[ wheat, equal installments over an Finally, we were told that 18-month period." this sale of wheat would help Now, remembering that the bring up our gold supply, but Soviet Union owes the U.S. now we understand this may more than $11 billion as a not happen, because the So- World War II debt and has viets are applying for credit, conistenly refused to pay one We were also told it would kopeck on its just debt even diminish our surplus stockpiles when the U.S. scaled it down at tremendous savings for the some 80 per cent, the question taxpayer, arises why our wheat should be sold on credit to this de- Actually, this wheat sale will faulting nation. neither noticeably reduce our wheat surplus nor appreciably It could possibly be that we increase our gold supply, even shall end up by giving this if the Soviets paid with gold wheat to the Soviets. If they bullion on the ship decks, should refuse to pay, the U.S. government will assume the Interesting Note cost of the loss to the Export- Recently, on the financial Import Bank, which has guar- page of the New York Times anteed the loans made by cam- appeared t h i s enlightening mericai banks. item: "The Export-Import Bank This would mean that the of Washington has fixed the U.S. taxpayers would shoulder terms on which it will guaran- the burden, just as they have tee loans to the Soviet Union shouldered the $11 billion loans for the purchases of U.S. in war materiel and supplies at the time President Ken- nedy gave it his blessing have already proved to be open to question. We were told that this friendly act would inspire a detente with the disgruntled wheat, according to a leading bank in Chicago." According to this unidenti- fled bank, the Export-Import Bank would charge 5/8ths of one percent to guarantee loans made to the Russians by the Sister says 00'Use the Missal." Ttl, mxssai " in the. Amencan idiom Available at your book- store in bindings from $3.50 to $22.50. MISSALS P. J. Y & SONS Publishers to the Holy Apostolio See during World War II. Just Supposing Assuming that the Soviets will pay for the wheat in gold and promptly, what has the wheat :deal accomplished in terms of defending the Free World? In the first place, before Communism came to Russia, that country was the grain basket of Europe and was always capable of exporting wheat. Even the U.S. fre- quently purchased w h at from Russia. Now, the Soviets have con- sistently produced nothing but shortages. One is led to won- der why the U.S. should be expected to pay the penalty of a system that is incapable of producing sufficient food for its people. All other things being equal, does it not appear passing strange that we have shelled out $I00 billion in foreign aid, some of it to Communist coun- tries, allegedly to defend the Free World against Commu- nism? ;Again, in helping these slave camps to survive, are we not working against the best interests of the people there who do not see any ad- vantage for themselves to produce more? And finally, if we engage in expanded trade with those 'countries, are we not unfairly requiring our own unionized labor to compete with slave labor? Instead of cooperating with Khruhchev's plan to bury the West through trade, as he has promised, supposing the U.S. made propaganda capital of :the abysmal failure of the Communist economy and pub- ]icize this throughout the world. The downfall of Commu- nism might soon be achieved.