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November 1, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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November 1, 1963

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2--THE PROGRESS Friday, Nov. I, 1963 Archbishop's Communique: Blessed Mother Still '0 , ur Queen Life, Sweetness, Hope (Continued from Ps,"e 1) hypothetically set up whereby any given date would fall on the same day of the week each year. This calendar would have 13 months. No Long Weekends The consequences, however, of this reform are somewhat discouraging. There would be no long Fourth of July weekend any more for that date would always fall on a Wednesday, thus eliminating the extra dividends of leisure time when the date would fall on a Friday or a Monday. The same can probably be said about legal and Church holidays and holydays for Christmas would also always fall on Wednesday, Washington'a Birthday on Sunday, New Year's Eve on Saturday night, etc., etc.; a "revolting development," if you ask me. It would take much of the zest out of life, not to mention the agreeab!e sur- prise as one realized Wednesday that with Memorial Day coming up Friday, there would be only one more day of work. More Conformi W It is said in some quarters that the United States stands for uniformity, standardization, anonymity and I believe that this new calendar would more or less accentuate the positive, as it were. We have enough uniformity in our lives now, don't you think? This new reform would throw all the calendar makers out of work eventually for calendars would be attractively framed and preserved to last a lifetime, even passing from generation to generation. Unfortunately, too, there would never be five pay days in a month anymore, and the landlord would be collecting an extra month's rent but you would be earning an extra month's salary. So you would even with him on that score. We could go on and on in this vein but that is enough for the nonce. You will probably read elsewhere in these columns that the Council voted that the Church would have no objection to a fixed date for Easter if there were a universal demand for such action To Discuss Our Lady's Place In Church Yesterday the Fathers of the Council voted to insert the schema on the Blessed Virgin Mary into the constitution on the Nature of the Church instead of treating it as a separate issue. In all probability, the underlying motive for this plan of action rested on the fact that no new definition or declaration or decree on the role of Our Lady as Mediatrix of all Grace or as the Co-Redemptrix in the plan of salvation, was contemplated or envisioned. It was indicated in the official schema that her posi- tion as the Mother of the Church was to be offered for discus- sion to the Fathers of the Council and that is the program that will be observed. It is somewhat unfortunate that there should be any con- troversy on this proposal for I am sure the secular press will headline the action taken as a de-emphasis of the Blessed Mother's role in the Church when no such action was intended. It will also be claimed that such action will have widespread implications in the Council's efforts to promote Christian Unity, which may or may not be true to some degree. There was, indeed, a pronounced division among the Fathers on the subject and the vote to insert the schema into the constitution on the Nature of the Church carried by only 40 votes. It was dearly understood that no vote in favor of either proposal could be regarded as lessening the dignity of the Blessed Virgin or downgrading her pre-eminent role in the Church. She is still our Holy Queen, Our Life, Our Sweetness and Our Hope -- she is still our Blessed Mother and our Chief advocate and mediatrlx with her Divine Son. Gentle readers, there is no cause for you to worry--just say your Rosaries hi your family circle daily. Last Monday, Pope Paul VI celebrated a low Mass at our Council altar in memory of the election of Pope John XXIII, Mission Sunday Consecration In St. Peter's MORE THAN 30,000 witnessed the consecration rites Bishop Arnold R. Cotey, S.D.S., of Milwaukee, and Arch. Mission Sunday in St. Peter's Basilica, Romel by Pope Paul VI of 14 bishops representing the world's six conti- nents. Among the new bishops, mostly missionaries, were October 28, 1958. He walked into the Basilica with his entourage and vested at the altar as does each celebrating bishop each day. We joined with him personally in the celebration of the Holy Sacrifice by making the responses and uniting with him in the recitation of the Gloria, the Creed, etc. It was an impressive and touching ceremony The sermon was delivered by Leo Cardinal Suenens of Belgium and he utilized the occasion to invoke Pope John's memory as well as his words to rouse the Council to action. There is no doubt that it has been lagging somewhat, mired as it was in the bog of dogmatic speculation. There was a great deal of unrest and dissatisfaction over the interminable onslaught of speech-making, much of which con- tributed little or nothing to the discussion at hand. Earlier this week there was a meeting of the Council presidency and the moderators to devise some plan whereby more control might be exerted on the Fathers who felt inclined to talk, merely for the sake of talking. An attempt was to be made to prohibit speeches that were repetitious in character and to encourage the appoint- ment of episcopal spokesmen who would speak and represent the views of a national or territorial body of bishops. We devoutly hope that something practical comes from this meeting and that the compulsive orators will disappear from the scene, entirely, that is. Apologies To Fair Sex I take back all that I said about the loquacity of the fair sex. You should know that I had my tongue in my cheek when making the remarks. I had no intention of turning husbands against wives, brothers against sisters, employers against era- , ployees, etc. Pardon that "aside.." It appears already that the above-mentioned meeting has bishop Igino Cardinale, Apostolic Delegate to Great Britain, who spent most of his youth in Boston and Brooklyn. borne some fruit for today, we voted on five propositions con- nected with the schema on the Nature of the Church that are intended to assist the commission in the revision of the text. This is a new departure from the usual schedule or program but all five proposals were approved almost unanimously by the Fathers. Let us have more of the same. Last week, as you have probably read in your daily papers, the bishops from the U.S., with a southern bishop as spokesman, called on the Council Fathers to condemn racial discrimination. It was proposed that the text upon the equality of the members of the Church make specific reference to racial equality. While the text as such could be construed as condemning racial bias or prejudice, still it was felt that the indication was not plain or clear enough. Bishop Robert E. Tracy of Baton Rouge, La., had the sig- natures of 147 Bishops affixed to his thesis for that is all that were at the Monday meeting of the U.S Hierarchy, other Bishops attending meetings elsewhere. However, he had the unanimous support of all Of us in his plea. There are 182 Ameri- can Bishops present at the Council out of a total of 230. The Church of Silence has found its voice in the Council and almost daily some bishop or other from behind the Iron Curtain expresses a point of view proper to his own political situation. They are all understandably opposed to proposals that might :weaken: their already precarious position in Com- munist lands. Their principal difficulty is that the Church as such is unable to express itself as an external society. When there are no parishes, no Catholic schools, no Catholic press, when so many churches are closed and the government takes everything in its own hands, the Church has few visible ways to make its presence felt. Polish Bishops Ask Church-State Separation The Polish Bishops have called for a complete separation of Church and State and the abolition of all concordats or treaties between the Holy See and individual governments. They declared that while the Church and the State are two forms of society, each with its own level of activity, the concordats limit the freedom of the Church, lessen the responsibility of the faithful and permit the State to meddle in Church affairs. Separation of Church and State provides more advantages to the Church. An independent Church cannot be accused of being a government spokesman. It speaks directly for the people and it is free to act for the general welfare and safeguard essential values. This was the first time that this vital issue was brought before the Council and you will undoubtedly be reading more about this topic before very long. The Council Fathers from Yugoslavia and Poland seem to move around more freely than those from Hungary, Czechoslo- vakia and East Germany. It is common knowledge here that two of the clergymen accompanying the Czech Bishops are mem- bers of the Secret Police. None of the latter mingle much with the general body of the Bishops, either in the "fragmenteria" or snack bar, or elsewhere. On the Social Side On the social side of life here, I beg to report that earlier in the month, we were engaged in observing a number of anni- versaries in the accustomed style. Bishop Dermot O'Flanagan of Juneau hosted Bishop Joseph Dougherty of Yakima and the Archbishop of Seattle at dinner at the Scoglio Di Frisio restaurant opposite the famed Redemptorist Church on the Via Merulana in observance of the consecration of Bishop D0ugherty and the in- stallation of the Archbishop as Archbishop of Seattle in 1951. The latter then had as his guests at the plush Cavaliert Hilton Hotel, Bishop Dougherty and Bishop O'Flanagan in ob- servance of their respective installations in their new sees hi 1951 There are between 35 and 40 American Bishops at the Hilton, most of them St. Vincent de Paul cases, subsequently a number of Bishop alumni of St. Patrick's Seminary, Menlo Park, Cali- fornia, were invited to the Generalate of the Trinitarian Fathers here to observe the 20th anniversary of the consecration of Archbishop James P. Davis of Puerto Rico. His consecration took place in Tucson, Arizona. An excellent dinner was served and a pleasant evening was spent reminiscing on the Spartan regime under which we were trained and educated at Menlo Park. The elderly Brother who returned some of us to our hotels later in the evening, when asked why he called his ancient car "The Lollobrigida" pointed to the license plate which bore the numerals 34-20-38, whatever that means. Could it be that he has a refined sense of humor? I recently read a report from New York that some school janitors are earning or maybe, getting, is a better word, some $40,000 a year, more than the superintendent of the entire school system. There will probably be some sweeping changes there in that situation before very long. Two Prelates Die Last week Archbishop Aurelio Guerrero of Peru passed to his eternal reward and this morning, Archbishop Francis Beck- mann of Panama, died very suddenly in the Vatican pharmacy, from a heart attack. I commend their souls to your merciful prayers. That is 30 for tonight and please continue to give us all a share in your daily prayers and Rosaries. Thank you. Council's Fourth Week In Review: Discrimination, Church-State Relations Are Topics separation" of Church and State that" was in the council docu- ment under discussion. He said the experience of the Bishops in the U.S., where Church and State are separated, "has been very good." Bishop Robert E. Tracy of VATICAN CITY (NC) --America's Bishops pro- vided the highlights of the fourth week of the ecumenical council's sec- ond session by calling for council statements denouncing Baton Rouge, La., said the racial discrimination and clari- council should make it clear tying Church-State relations, t h a t racial discrimination cannot be "reconciled with the truth . . that G6d cre- ates all men equal in rights and dignity." During the week the council Fathers ended discussion of Chapter III of the draft pro- posal -- or schema -- "On the Nature of the Church" and be- gan debate on Chapter IV. The third chapter deals with "The People of God and Especially the Laity"; the fourth is en- titled "Call to Holiness in the Speaking for the U. S. Hier- archy, Archbishop Lawrence J. Shehan of Baltimore said Church-State relations are too critical and touchy a topic for the council to deal with, casual- ly, and stressed the need for a complete council treatment of the matter. Bishop Victor J. Reed of Ok- lahoma City and Tulsa report- ed that the U. S. Bishops did not like the phrase "regrettable v---- Church." Meanwhile, the Fathers also passed Chapter IV as amended of the liturgy schema. The chapter concerns the breviary. Later they passed all 10 Hurry, Fellows! "Morn" just bought some .SUNNY JIM PRESERVES BOY THE FAMILY PACK! . . ,rod remember SUNNY JIM TABLB SYRUP amendments to Chapter V deal- ing with the Liturgical year. In addition the council pre- pared to vote on whether the chapter on Our Lady should be included in the schema on the Church or dealt with separate- ly. e Rumors Afloat As the second session neared its halfway mark, rumors re- garding its progress'and con- tinuation began to flow, two of which were often repeated in usually reliable circles. The first said thit differenc- es have developed between the council's secretary general and the cardinal moderators on the matter of controlling repeti- tious speeches. The second said that Pope Paul VI is ready to terminate the council as an as- sembly of physically present bishops and continue it as a kind of "council by correspond- ence" with only the council commissions p r e p a r i n g all schemata for a final session. A full and accurate council treatment of the question of Church and State was called for at the Fathers' 54th general meeting October 23 by Arch- bishop Shehan. He said that "the question of Church and State is entirely too important and too delicate to be treated only in passing, almost casual- ly, in a discussion on the apos- tolate of the laity." Archbishop Shehan a d d e d that the question of Church and State "should be placed in a context where it can be treat- ed with the fullness and accur- acy which it needs. Likewise the text should clarify the meaning of the term 'the world.' " He continued, "After the example of Christ, we should distinguish the world in its disparaging sense and the men who live in the world. This will give a better idea of the mission of Faith and the scope of Catholic Action. It will also clarify our pastoral preaching on 'the world' and U.S' Theologian By Msgr. James I. Tucek ROME (NC) -- An American Jesuit with an encyclopedic s t o r e of knowledge and a quick wit is quickly becoming the favorite of the press corps here to report the Second Vati- can Council. He is Ray. Gustave Weigel, S.J., 57, professor of theology from Woodstock College, Mary- land. Five times a week he joins a panel of experts in the U. S. Bishops' press panel to hold "class" with the journab ists. He bullies, banters, abuses the iournalists and even some- times his fellow panelists, but always with such wisdom, eru- dition and good humor that no one is offended. On the con- trary, he is respected and sought out for his answers to questions which are unfailingly informative and colorful. It is a commonplace, when some journalist asks a loaded question, to hear someone mutter, "Watch this now; you're going to see Weigel at his best!" Five days a week members of the English-speaking press corps sit opposite such men as these: Rev. Francis Connell, C.SS.R., former dean of the School of S a c r e d Theology, Catholic University of Ameri- ca; Msgr. George G. Higgins, director of the N.C.W.C. Social Action Department; Rev. Fran- cis McCool, S.J., professor at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome; Rev. Frederick Mc- Manus, professor of canon law at the Catholic University of America; Rev. John Sheerin, C.S.P., editor of Catholic World; Rev. Robert Trisco, professor of Church history, Catholic University of America, and Rev. Georges Tavard, A.A., professor at Mount Mercy Col- lege, Pittsburgh. What goes between the jour- nalists and the experts is in fact an informal and popular course combining history, the- elegy--speculative, pastoral and otherwise -- canon law and Scripture. The "hook" upon which they hang the course is the current debate inside the council hall. Father Weigel sits in his place each day with the other Is Press panelists, draping his large- boned six-foot frame in such a relaxed attitude as to hide from the uninitiated the alert and perceptive mind that is REV. GUSTAVE WEIGEL, S.J. , constantly at work. One jour- nalist has likened him to a sea turtle snapping at files. His manner of speaking is provide a better understand- ing of the Christian vocation to holiness." The following day, October 24, the U.S. Bishops called for a council declaration against race discrimination. Spokesman for the American Hierarchy was Bishop Tracy, who noted that the text of the schema states that there can be no in- equality among members of the Church because of national ori- gins, social class or sex, He asked that the text be amend- ed to include race. e All Men Equal . . . He declared: "The inclusion of this point would emphasize that equality which is enjoyed by all the members of the peo- ple of God in the Christian economy. No discrimination based on racial considerations can be reconciled with the truth whereby we believe that God creates all men equal in rights and dignity . . . "If this change is made it will be easier for bishops to provide their faithful with the proper instruction on the ques- tion of race prejudice. It would also reassure those who have been humiliated or have been deprived of natural rights be- cause of racial prejudice. In addition it would serve as a basis for important future dec- larations of the council." At the October 23 meeting a U.S. prelate declared that the laity should be encouraged to take a greater part in the life of the Church by means of a "genuine dialogue between the hierarchy and the laity." Bish- op Ernest J. Primeau of Man- chester, N.H., stated: e Laity Want To Do Their Part "It is a fact of experience that in many fields members of the laity are much more com- petent than the clergy or the hierarchy. They have a genuine love for the Church and are animated with the spirit of rev- erence for their superiors in the ,'e I the questioner may wish he Corps Favorit00 with the slowly paced, precisely enunciated word that gives the impression, merely from his voice, that he is standing at an imaginary blackboard, outlining and underlining. With plastic face and deep voice, and the peculiar habit of holding his cigarette between the middle finger and ring finger of his right hand, he ban- ters words with the journalists with a masterful timing that would be the envy of any "deadpan" comic. "Would you tell us in the language of a journalist... ?" a correspondent once asked. And, before he had gotten the question well out, he was hit with the reply, "I wouldn't dream of using the language of a journalist." "Would you care to elaborate on... ?" another said. "No, I would not!" came the death- blow reply. A loaded question from the journalists' side of the table usually leads Father Weigel to preface his remarks with, "This is utter nonsense!" and then go on to explain just why the question is nonsensical with such devastating accuracy that had never opened his mouth. Father Weigel's original connection with the ecumeni- cal council was a consulter of the Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity. When the council actually got under- way, he was used for his fa- cility with languages as an interpreter in the observer- delegates' box during the council assemblies. On a strictly informal basis, since he lives in the same build- ing with many of the observer- delegates, he gives much of his time to being of personal ser- vice to them. In this particular he jokingly calls himself "third floor corridor prefect for the observer-delegates." Like all the members of the press panel, his services are on a volunteer basis. Each after- noon, when the council is in session, he generously gives an hour from 3 to 4 p.m. from an already crowded schedule to do what he can to help the journal- ists write a full and correct ac- count of the council and the meaning of its issues. Church. They want to do their part. "Unless this council deter- mines the respective roles of liberty in the laity and author- ity in the hierarchy, there will be great danger that dedicated laymen may lose interest in the mission of the Church, give in to discouragement and even- tually fall away. "The obligations of the hierarchy in this respect have particular importance when dealing with intellectuals in the Church, since it is nee- essary to acknowledge their right to freedom of investiga- tion and to intellectual ini- tiative. Our text is too nega- tive and too clerical. It might be said to sum up the duty of the laity as being: believe, pray, obey and pay." On October 24 the presiding moderator of the day, Julius Cardinal Doepfner of Munich and Friesing, Germany, called for a standing vote to end de- bate on Chapter III of the schema on the Church. The vote passed. Then Cardinal Doepfner announced that sev- eral Fathers had requested that the doctrine on Our Lady should be made a chapter of the schema on the Church rather than stand alone as a separate schema. By agree- ment of the moderators and the president of the Theological Commission, Alfredo Cardinal Ottaviani, he said, it had been decided to hear two members of the commission present the pros and cons concerning this proposal. Rufino Cardinal Santos of Manila addressed the assembly urging a separate schema for Our Lady. Franziskus Cardinal Koenig of Vienna favored in- corporating it into the present schema on the Church. Bishop John J. Wright of Pittsburgh, a member of the Theological Commission, ex- plained the origin of the pro- posed vote at the press panel. (Continued on Page 3) % Highest Rate of Bank Interest Your savings at Prudential Mutual earn 4% per ennum the highest rate of bank interest in the state-- compounded and paid quarterly. 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