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October 16, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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I) 2--THE PROGRESS Friday, Oct. 16, 1964 Cannot Attend Congress BOMBAY, India (NC) -- Prime Minister Lal Bahadur of India expressed regret in a letter to Valerian Cardinal Gracias of Bombay that he will not be able to attend the 38th Inter- national Eucharistic Congress to be held here from November 28 to December 6. Prime Minister Shastri said that his engagements make it impossible for him to attend. But, he added, "it is gratifying to note that our President (Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan) will be ad- dressing the congress. I know it is going to be a very important occasion." He thanked Cardinal Gracias for the "prayers for my health and success in the discharge of my difficult duties." PREPARE FOR ELECTION OF JESUIT HEAD Father John L. Swain in Charge ROME -- Vicar General of the Society of Jesus, left, Rev. John L. Swain, S.J., of Kemptville, Ont., a member of the Jesuits' Upper Canadian province, and Rev. James W. Naught- on, S.J., secretary of the Society's generalate in Rome, a mem- ber of the Missouri province, prepare for election of a successor to the late Father Jean B. Janssens, general of the Church's larg- est religious community, numbering more than 35,000 members. Protest Sudan Suppression BONN, Germany (NC)--Thirty-four members of the German parliament joined in an appeal to the German government to protest against the expulsion of Catholic missionaries from the Sudan. The deputies asked that the German government inform the Sudanese government of the German people's indignation at the suppression of Christian activities and the expulsion of priests. The deputies asked if the German government is prepared to stop giving support to the Sudan until the suppression is terminated. The answer of the German government is not expected before the end of October. Provides Homes in Hung Kong HONG KONG (NC)--Seventy-seven Chinese refugees have been given permanent concrete dwellings through the efforts of Catholic Relief Services-National Catholic Welfare Conference, the overseas aid branch of America's Catholics. Atmut 400 persons have moved into the $44,800 project that was financed by Britain's Oxford Committee for Famine Relief. The keys were given to the new tenants by Pauline McGuire, Hung Kong program director for CRS-NCWC. SISTERS ARE FACTORY WORKERS Forced to Earn Living VIENNA, Austria -- A Catholic businessman just returned from Czechoslovakia reports the persecution of the Church in that Communist-ruled country as severe as ever. Nuns are forced by the regime to earn their living by work- trig in day and night shifts. Persecution is more subtle than when it began 15 years ago. Teachers at Votive Mass ...... DUBLIN (NC)--Marking the opening of the academic year, more than 2,000 school teachers in the primary schools of the Archdiocese of Dublin attended Mass in St. Andrew's church here. Patrick J. Hillery, Minister for Education, addressed the teachers and urged them to inculcate in their pupils the virtues and characteristics which lead them to become good citizens. ! Fail tO Circumvent Council Rules ROME (NC)--An attempt to circumvent the au- thority of the ecumenical council and reverse its basi,c trends--carried out by forces whose identity can only be surmised--has been thwarted. It was thwarted by the resolute action of a group of progressive cardinals, headed by Joseph Cardinal Frings of Cologne, Germany, and including Albert Cardinal Meyer of Chicago and Joseph Cardinal Ritter of St. Louis-- the only American cardinals then present in Rome. Council Fathers familiar with the events that stirred public opinion over the weekend of October 11 have assured this cor- respondent that Pope Paul VI Was unaware of the contents of two letters recommending changes in procedure in dealing with two key council issues--the proposed council declaration on the Jews and religious freedom. The letters were sent by Archbishop Pericle Fellci, council secretary general, to Augnstin Cardinal Bea, president of the Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity, which had drawn up the declarations. That Pope Paul did not know about the letters' contents became a certainty when a memorandum signed by 15 cardinals was presented to him October 12. The letters had suggested. that the declaration on the Jews be taken out of the ecumenism schema and instead incorporated in the schema on the Church. They also suggested that a new commission be appointed from members of the unity secretariat and the Theological Com- mission to rework the declaration on religious liberty. In: connection with the latter suggestion, the name of Bishop Carlo Colombo, rector of the Milan, Italy, theological school, was mentioned. He is generally considered close to Pope Paul as one of his theological advisers. Also mentioned as members of the new commission were Michael Cardinal Browne, O.P., of the Roman curia, former master general of the Dominican Order; Rev. Aniceto Fernan- dez, O.P., present Dominican master general, and Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, C.S.SP., superior general of the Holy Ghost Fathers. The latter three are known to be unfavorably disposed to- ward the religious liberty declaration. Since a special subcommittee of the unity secretariat had been working on the two declarations for the preceding 10 days, Archbishop Felici's letters were immediately looked on as undue interference and as openly contradicting council regulations. Closing Date Of Council Discussed VATICAN CITY -- A joint meeting of officials of the ecumenical council has reportedly resulted in a decision not to bring the council's third session to an .abrupt hal The most prob- able .closingdate appears to be November 20. According to reliable sources, the meeting of the council's presidency, coordinating com- mittee, moderators and general secretariat October 7 agreed that the present session should be long enough to permit dis- cussion on pending schemata and propositions to continue without pressure. The target date for the coun- cil's formal closing is now Pentecost Sunday, June 6, 1965. During the six month inter- val between the third and fourth sessions, committees will have sufficient time to go over the many amendments In both respects the motivation of the unusual move seemed to be to water down the contents of the two declarations. But this need not be so, because perfectly good arguments can be advanced in favor of incorporating the statement on the Jews in the schema on the nature of the Church, where it would fit well into the chapter dealing with the people of God, who in- clude the chosen people of the Old Covenant. As for the religious freedom declaration, there seems to be no objection to formulating it on firmer theological foundations. Cardinal Bea is known not to be averse to consulting on this with members of the Theological Commission. But it is now established beyond a doubt that the jurisdic- tion of Cardinal Bea's unity secretariat over both declarations remains in force, even though the suggestions in Archbishop Felici's letters will be given due consideration. The issue is not so much whether the Archbishop Felici letters were materially justifiable--and the question remains as to who authorized them--as it is the propriety of such interference, which appears to be in violation of regular coun- cil procedure. An impression was created, when information about the archbishop's letters leaked out, that a new attempt was being made by forces not in agreement with the basic ideas in the declaration on the Jews and religious freedom to make ineffec- tive decisions that were formally reached by the council by overwhelmitig majorities. This was especially true because one of the letters intimated that the declarations on the Jews, now elaborately drafted, might be condensed into a brief paragraph in the schema of the Church. Alarm spread over the weekend. This caused Cardinal Frings to call a meeting of a number of cardinals October 11 at his .Rome residence at the Teutonic College of Santa Maria dell'Anima. It was decided at the meeting to draft a memor- andum to Pope Paul to call his attention to the awkward situa- tion that had arisen. In the memorandum reference was also made to an alleged statement by Peele Cardinal Marella, president of the council Commission on Bishops and the Government of Dioceses, that as president he had changed a sentence in the scheme on bishops "on superior orders" after the schema had been ap- proved by the council. The passage allegedly changed had to do with the collegiality of bishops. The sentence spoke of "the supreme and full authority" of the bishops. The word "full" was supposed to have been eliminated. This would have meant emasculating this key council decision. In this instance, too, no hidden motives need be assumed, since a possible change in the text could have been prompted by a desire to avoid repetition of a similar passage in the schema on the Church. The cardinals' memorandum is said to have referred also to rumors that the fast pace achieved by the council has been motivated by the desire of a minority of Fathers to make the present third session the last one. If this were to be the last session, the memorandum pointed out, it would be impossible to deal properly with the important schema 13 on the Church in the modern world. But it has been alleged that this is just what the minority wants since it is against the scheme's basic concepts. The cardinals' memorandum insisted that schema 13 not be discarded and that therefore a fourth session should be held at a suitable time next year. All these arguments were summed up in the memorandum in an appeal to the Pope that he safeguard "the rights of the council and prevent interferences liable to stall its progress." It is certain, according to competent informants, that this appeal has met with a favorable response from the Pope. "So perhaps," a U.S. bishop said, "today it was all tempest in a teapot, although a big teapot." Protestant observers at the council who were aware of the developments expressed gratification that the cardinals' initiative had fully succeeded in asserting the council's author- ity, and that what at first seemed to be a major crisis was so quickly overcome. The memorandum was signed by Cardinals Fringe, Meyer and Ritter and by Raul Cardinal Silva Henriquez of Santiago, Chile; Julius Cardinal Doepfner of Munich and Freising, Ger- many; Franziskus Cardinal Koenig of Vienna; Achille Cardinal Lienart of Lille, France; Joseph Cardinal Lefebvre of Bourges, France; Bernard Cardinal Alfrink of Utrecht, The Netherlands; Giacomo Cardinal Lercaro of Bologna, Italy; and Leo Cardinal Suenens of Malines-Brussells, who came from his See in Bel- guim especially for the meeting. U.S. Pastors Pope Addresses Invited N.S. Physicians To Council w CITY (NC)--Pope Paul VI held an VATICAN CITY (NC) -- Four United States pastors have been invited to attend the rest of this session o f the ecumenical council along with nriests from several other countries. Pope Paul VI asked them to be on hand for discussions on the council's draft statement on "The Priestly Life and Min- istry." According to the cur- rent timetable, deliberation of this document is to follow de- bate on schema 13 on the Church in the modern world. Of the four American priests invited, two were al- ready present in Rome: Msgr. Walter .L Tappe, pastor of St. Rose's parish in Santa Rosa, Calif., and vicar general of the Santa Rosa diocese, and Msgr. J o s e p h E. Emmenegger, pastor of St. Andrew's par- ish, Delavan, Wis., and for- mer superior of the graduate audience for 70 members of the New England Ob- stetrical and Gynecological Society October 3 and urged them always to remember Christian ethics in defending the life of unborn infants. Speaking in English, the Pope said "We are certain that the consciousness of your pro- fessional function will illumin- ate and guide your skillful medical art and that, in the exercise of your practice, you will always recall the princi- ples of ethics which Christian morals raise to their highest and most exigent expression, particularly when it is a mat- ter of defending the life of each human begin." The Pope quoted Pope Plus XII (in his radio address of Nov. 27, 1951) as saying "In- nocent human life, no matter in what condition, is from the first instant of its existence to be secure from every di- rect voluntary attack. This is a fundamental right of every proposed for various texts so that the Fathers will be able to complete the final voting during a fourth session to be called shortly after Easter. A majority of the Fathers feel that the schema on the Church in the modern world requires special consideration which ought not to be rushed. A .feeling also prevails that many propositions as now drafted leave a lot to be de- sired and would result in gen- eral disappointment if not put on a more solid footing. The schedule now contem- plated will make it possible to provide for these needs to eventually lead to more posi- tive results from the council. GermanBishons IssueStatement On Jews VATICAN CITY (NC) -- The Catholic bishops of Germany have issued a statement sup- porting an ecumenical state- ment on the Jews, especially, thev said; "because we are aware of the severe injustice that was committed against the Jews in the name of our people." The statement was published October 2 four days after it was adopted by the German Bishops' Conference. Following is the complete text of the statement: "We German bishops wel- come the council decree on the Jews. Whenever th Church in council makes a statement about herself she cannot remain silent in re- gard to her relationship with the people of God of the Old Covenant. "We are convinced that this council declaration will be an occasion for renewed contact and better relationship be- tween the Church and the Jewish people. We German bishops welcome the decree especially because we are aware of the severe injustice that was committed against the Jews in the name of our people.'." Planetarium From athedral BONN, Germany (NC)--The Orthodox cathedral of Riga, Latvian Soviet Socialist Repub. lic was closed by the govern- ment to be converted into a planetarium, according to re-. ports of' travelers reaching nero. JIB Daily at The Council BISHOP PAUL LEONARD-HAGARTY, O.S.B., of Nas- sau, Bahamas, brings the Gospel Book forward in St. Peter's Basilica for its daily enthronement before the Fathers of Vatican Council II. house of the North Ameri- can College in Rome. The other two Amerioan priests are Msgr. Gerard L. Frey, Houma, La.; and Msgr. Thomas B. Falls, pastor, of Sacred Heart parish, Manes, Pa. Ends Debate on Laity (Continued from Page 1) ponsibility of charity and a He cited Pope John xXIII's unique among secretariats .of the Holy See. It would be a disaster to model it on any of the departmsnts already ex- isting in the Roman curia. Most of its members must be chosen from the laity." Five speakers devoted most of their talks to the spiritual formation required of the lay apostle. Several others stressed the need not only to Christian- ize individuals but a ls o, as Bishop Henry Donze of Tulle, France, said, the need for a "collective apostolate aimed at the whole social order, since evangelization of the world be- longs to groups as well as to individuals. Men are not only individuals, but also part of groups." Bishop William Pluto for Gorzow, Poland, said the draft does not state clearly enough the nature of the formation re- quired of the lay apostle. He said intellectual formation as well as spiritual formation is required and asked for a state- ment of four principles for such formation. ' 'Holiness of life; ascetical formation including the ideas of brotherhood, kindness and charity, which he called "humane virtues so rare in the world that they are prized highly;" formation for and with the Church; and the "golden rule" of religious and catechetieal instruction-- that is, that they be primarily spiritual as well as ascetical. Bishop William Power of An- tigonish, N.S., stressed that the spiritual life presupposes the order of nature, wh i c h must always be taken into ac- count. He said that laymen must learn how to make the Church active and present in the world. He suggested five principles for the layman's formation: The development of human. gifts and talents, including a keen sense of justice, the res- sense of the problems facing the world. The "insertion" of the layman into the real situation in the world so that he will have a real interest in it and conceive it in the right of the Faith. His insertion into the reali- ty of Christ. Emphasis on united action, which is demanded by the ev- olution of society in which the law of solidarity applies to spiritual as well as human affairs. Development of contact between laymen and the hier- archy with a realization of competence on each side. Bishop Andre Fougerat of Grenoble, France, chaplain of the Conference of International Catholic Organizations, empha- sized the right and duty of lay Catholics to organize interna- tional movements. Welcomes Vatican Statement COPENHAGEN (NC) -- "The council discussions on religious freedom are highly significant," declared the secretary general of the World Council of Churches, Dr. Willem Vissert't Hooft, in an opening address here at the conference of the European non-Catholic churches on the Danish sh!p "Born- holm." He said that the schema on religious freedom constitutes a milestone in the history of ecumenism. In it, the Catholic Church has let it be known that she wants to look upon her position more as a service to the world than as a means to dominate it, the Protestant leader said. On this level, a reapproachment between the Catholic and Protestant churches can be achieved. The meeting, attended by about 200 delegates of different European churches, was to end October 9. encyclicals in support of his proposal and said the Po p e had specifically praised the effectiveness of such interna- tional organizations as the United Nations and its spec- ialized agoncies. He said it was for the same reason thatthe majority of lay auditors were chosen from international organizations. He added that the "whole Chris- tian world is turning its eyes to these men." Warning 'against "institu. tlonalism," on the other hand, Bishop Manuel Larrin Erraz- uriz of Talcs, Chile, presi- dent of the Latin American Bishops' Council, said the lay apostolate must be "incar- nated in the world, but it sur- passes all institutions." An exaggerated form 0f institu- tionalism, he said, would stifle the fiery zeal of apos- tles and might have the effect of closing Catholics off in "ghettos." Taking up the theme of Bishop Donze on the social as- pects of the apostolate, Bishop Luigi Civardi of the Roman curia said that the lack of such a treatment in the draftmight disillusion many. The Church cannot omit a strong teaching on justice as a necessary means in the apostolate, he said. "We must not only preach against misery, but di'y up the fonts of misery," he stated. He added that many have become Communists because of sociil needs and wants rather than through intellectual conviction, and thus the Church must be careful not to forget stomachs while it develops social con- sciences. Bishop Joseph Hoeffner of Muenster, Germany, deplored the omission of any mention of original sin in the draft, and also said that there is too close a connection in the text be- tween the cooperation of the Church with non-Catholic Chris- tians and its cooperation with non-Christians, which :he said must be different because the Church has the common bond of Christ with the former. human person . . ." 9) It Comforting Statistics Awaif00 Archbishop KWANGJU, KOREA -- When Archbishop Harold W. Henry returns to his archdiocese here this month, he will find some comforting statistics awaiting him. Sidelined for almost a year after a severe heart attack last December, the Minneapolis- born prelate will find his 86 priests (54 Columbans, 16 Ko- rean, six Guadalupe, four Jes- uits, five Salesian and one Mar- ianist), six Orders of Sisters and four Orders of Brothers have compiled the following figures during the past year: Pope Plus said he is well Baptisms, 4,371; marriages, aware of the complexity of 423; catechumens, 4,037; semi- problems connected withthese narians, 25 major and 71 min- principles, but said "we cherish or; 5,028 students in 20 Cath- the hope that your studies, ex- perience and conscience will be able to contribute to their proper application for the good of mankind and the greater honor of your profession." "This personal meeting gives rise to thoughts of the delicacy, gravity and dignity of your profession, bound up as it is with the care and protection of human life at its biological fountainhead, where it merges with that ontological fountain which springs forth from the creat- ing hands of God. "We render'homage to your service to the good of man- kind during the secret and sacred phase of maternity when woman, the mother, fulfills her highest mission, most deserv- ing of reverence and care. The seed of a new life is the weak- est and most in need of recog- nition and defense, and of help in attaining its natural fullness and perfection." olic schools; 4,985 children re- ceiving catechetical instruc. tions in 32 centers; 97,568 pa- tients treated at one hospital and two dispensaries; 388 or- phans in three orphanages and 333 lepers at one leper col- ony. In 1954, there were 13,575 Catholics in Kwangju; today there are 65,489 out of a to- tal population of 3,896,782. There are 32 parishes and 139 mission stations in the Arch- diocese. Because of his ili health, Archbishop Henry has been excused from attending the third session of the Vatican Council. Interfaith Fete Nets Charity Funds EASTCOTE, England (NC)-- A joint garden party organized by members of Anglican and Catholic parishes here has raised $1,200 that will be divid- ed for the care of handicapped children and the elderly. What's the best way to pay your bills---check or cash? Most people today pay he;r monthly bills by check. Why? Los o reasons. For example: paying by check saves time. There' no running all over town fo pay bills in person wifh cash. You're prefected against loss--and every cancelled check acfs as a legal receipf oo. Need a 'ew more reasons? Come in. We'll behappy fo answer all your qu.esfions .and help you choose a PacJm National checking account fo suit your needs. |1 The Pacific National Bank of Seattle I Bankside parking at every 6ce: 2nd and Marion Unlversl Queen Anne Metropolitan Center, Bellevue f/allingford * Falrvi Boeing Plant 2 Boeing M.P. C. oeing.D, C. Member:F.D.I.C,