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Catholic Northwest Progress
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October 12, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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October 12, 1962

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CHRISTIAN :ULTURE SERIES PAGES 8 t nd 9 Official Newspaper far the NEWS AND PICTURES OF COUNCIL PAGES 2 and 3 Archdiocese of Seattle Vol. 6S--No. 41 ,*,41 Seattle, Wash., Friday, Oct. 12, 1962 (Published every Friday} eOPENS WITH COLORFUL PROCESSION: 3,000 Tal00:e 00ln Rome By Msgr. James h Tucek VATICAN CITY; Oct. (NC) m An estixnated 500,000 people jostled and strained to witness the passing of history as the members of the Sec- ond Vatican Ecumenical Council marched in pro- cession across St. Peter's uare and into the ba- silica to Leuin the council. This high moment in the Church's history started at 8:30 a.m. when the long procession of the world's bishops made their way to the basilica walk- in front of His Holiness Pope John XXIII, who was car- ried on his portable throne. The council Fathers had as- sembled at 8 a.m.: the cardi- nals in the Vatican's Hall of Benedictions and the Borgia Apartments; the bishops in the Hall of InscriPtions, and the Pope in the Hall of Vestments. The Pope vested in mantle and jeweled miter, the cardi- nal bishops in copes, the cardinal-priests in chasubles and the cardinal deacons in tunics. The Oriental RI t e pat- riarchs were vested in the solemn vestments of their own varying rites. The bish- ops, archbishops and abbots donned white copes. When all were vested, the art ouncil Pope entered the Pauline Cha- Creator Spritus, by which he pel of the Vatican Palace where the Blessed Sacrament was exposed. There he intoned the antiphon, Ave Marls Stella (Hail Star of the Sea), and the solemn procession began. For a full hour the procession passed: every--race and color and tongue, every rite, every degree of dignity, every cir- cumstance of human existence, respected and persecuted, af- fluent and poor--all one in creed, by baptism, in purpose of salvation. The procession ended as the Pope stepped down from the portable throne and went to the altar erected before the tomb of St. Peter. There he in- toned a second hymn, the Veni and all those present who took up the chant implored the guid- ance of the Holy Spirit in the work now begun. Cardinal Celebrates Mass The Pope went to his throne and Eugene Cardinal Tisserant, Dean of the College of Cardi- nals, began preparing to cele- brate Mass in honor of the Holy Spirit as the assembly continued the hymn: "Enlighten our senses; implant love in our hearts." At the end of the Mass the Pope removed his miter and mantle and vested as for Mass. After a ceremony similar to the "dry Mass" of the former (Continued on Page 3) Archbishop Describes Council Opening: 'That ! Should Live To See This Day!' ROME, Oct. 1 lmThat I should to see a day such as this! How good is the good God. This morning, the Feast of the Maternity of our Blessed Mother, shortly after 9:30, the Second Vatican Council, the 21st in the list of Ecumenical Councils tretchi,ng across a period of al- l,600 years, was formally opened by our Holy Father, Pope John XXIII. The Sovereign Pon- tiff i n t o n e d the Veni Creator Spiritus in a firm, clear and reso- nant voice, belying his 80 years, and the Second Vatican council was in session. The high hopes nd aspirations of the Father of tendom have been glorious- ly realized after three years of intense, exhaustive preparation. We had been directed to as- semble in the Vatican Mu- seum at 7:30 a.m., which would have called for an un- earthly rising hour at 5 a.m. However, the Pope a few days By The Mast Reverend Thomas A. Connally Archbishop of Seattle a g o granted permission f o r afternoon and evening Masses between 4 and 9 o'clock for all the Fathers of the Council (the traditional name for all the hierarchy in attendance) and those associated with them in the role of theologians, canon- ists a n d secretaries, on a n y day on which a Council ses- ion will be held. We are offer- ing our Masses this evening in our hotel, starting at 6:30 p.m. Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Si,gnorini, the genial owners and operators of the Grand Hotel Flora (95 Via Veneto) have been more than' generous and cooperative in pro- viding eve r y convenience, as well as Mass facilities for the 30 Bishops who are guests here. THE MOST REVEREND Thomas A. Con nolly, Archbishop of Seattle, telephoned The Progress from Rome following the opening of the Ecumenical Council to relate his im- pressions of that memorable occasion. With the Archbishop at the Council is the Most Reverend Thomas E. Gill, V.G., Auxiliary Bishop of Seattle, and Very Rev. John R. Sulli- van, S.S., from St. Thomas the Apostle Seminary, Kenmore. In the picture below is an artist's concept of the sessions the 3,000 prelates advisers and observers are attending. Ihe first plenary working session will be held tomorrow, Oct. 13, with similar sessions to take place October 16, 18 and 20. Buses provided by the NCWC and the Vatican called for the Bishops at the various h o t e I s and "pensones" at 7:15, and de- livered us at the door to the Vatican Museum. Bishops were gathering there from every part of the Christian world for this historic event, Various sections of the long hall in the Museum and Library were separated and provided for the Patriarchs, Primates, Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, etc., and local priests were on hand to directaU to their proper places. Open lockers or shelves di- vided into ,sections and num- bered had been constructed for the convenience of the Fathers of the Council where they might leave their vestment bags, hats and coats. We stood around in- formally c h a t tin g with our brother Bishops from all over the world, in English where pos- sible, and in Latin where neces- sary. The procession started at 8:30, and it took an hour for all to move through the Vatican halls and corridors to the great Piazza of St. Peter's, where an immense crowd of several hundred thou- sand had gathered to watch the procession and see the Holy Father. The air of hushed expectancy t h a t had pervaded Vatican City for the past several weeks suddenly g a v e way to the actual event itself. The Second Vati- can Council was a re- ality  the impressive procession of almost 3,000 Cardinals, Arch- bishops a n d Bishops providing a panoply of color and splendor as, walking four abreast, the Fathers of the Council wended their way through the crowd to the Basilica. E v e n the heavens responded. A driving rain last night t h a t practically paralyzed downtown Rome traffic had given way to clear skies and a warm sun. The interior of St. Peter's had been trans- formed into a tremen- dous meeting room, wi,th tiers of seats, six to a row, 14 rows deep or high, stretching from the center of the nave to the immense columns mark- ing the side aisles or sec- tions of the Basilica. The Vatican Band, stationed on the of the main door, pl a y e d the Pontifical March as the Holy Father, on his ele- vated throne, carried by 16 stalwart Vatican guards, came into view. Inside, the famed Vatican Choir was chanting the traditional "Tu Es Petrus" (Thou Art Peter), the beautiful falsetto voices of the boys blending bar- (Continued on Page 3) } Long.Awaited Council Convenes ]'HE SIGNING OF THIS PAPAL BULL many months continued the processional hymn: "Enlighten our senses; ago marked the beginning of plans for the 21st Ecumenical implant love in our hearts." The Second Vatican Ecumeni- Council. Yesterday, the Holy Father celebrated Mass in cal Council had begun. honor of the Holy Spirit as the assembled Council Fathers Colorful Council Rites Draw Throngs To St. Peter's Square By'Burke Welsh VATICAN CITY, Oct. 11 (NC)History is in the making here. The greatest meeting of Church dignitari,es in all the Christian era is in sessi,on in St. Peter's basilica. In many ways already one of the great assem- blies of all time, its full impact is expected to be felt far in the future. Events of enormous importance, probably unfolding slowly over many years, will be traced to it. Gathered about His Holi,ness Pope John XXIII are Cardinals, patriarchs, archbishops and bishops from the farth- est corners of the earth to the number of some 2,600. Together they constitute the Fathers of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council. Theologians and other expert consultants swell the num- ber of those present to about 3,000. Council Is 21st It is an ecumenical council, and only the 21st ever to be con- vened. The first met in 325 in Nicea in Bithynia (now a part of Turkey) with 318 persons taking part. The last previous one, the First Vatican Council, was held here more than 90 years ago. There have been many more than a score of large and important meetings in the two Christian millenia, but to date only 21 have been accorded the rank of general councils. In a motu proprio issued almost on the eve of the meeting's opening, Pope John said, "the coming ecumenical council by vir- tue of the number and variety of those who will participate in its (Continued on Page 3) Two Series High Court Takes Action On Council Scheduled Two informative series on the Ecumenical Council will be pro- vided Progress readers in the coming weeks, Both are from the NCWC News Service--the first is a series oh the country- by-country hopes and expecta- tions of the Council and the other will d eal topic-by-topic with items which may be dis- cussed by the Council. In order to keep readers com- pletely informed on the Council, NCWC has a complete staff re- porting at all times. Staff mem- bers include Don Antonio Mon- tero, editor of Madrid's "Ec- clesia"; Don Cipriano Calderon, Rome correspondent of "Eccle- sia"; Msgr. James L Tucek, Rev. P l a c i d Jordan, O.S.B., Burke Walsh and Patrick Gavan-Du'% Riley. all members of the regular NCWC staff in Washington, D.C. On Church-State Cases WASHINGTON, O c t. 9 (N.C.)--The U.S. Sup- reme Court, in the first public working session of its new term, took quick action on four key Church--State cases. In brief orders Octo- ber 8 the court: Agreed to consider challenges to religious p r a c- rices in the public schools of Maryland and Pennsylvania. --Refused to review an ap- peal from an Oregon Supreme Court ruling that lending text- books to students in religiously- oriented "standard" schools violates the Oregon state con- stitution. --Refused to consider a ease from Kentucky in which the leasing to Catholic nuns of a hospital built largely with pub- lic funds had been challenged on Church-State grounds. The court did not explain the grounds for its actions in any of these cases. It was unani- mous in all except the Kentuc- ky hospital case, where Justice William O. Douglas held that review should be granted. Justice A r t h u r Goldberg, who was sworn in as a Su- preme Court member lust a week before, took no part in the aetions. The Maryland and Pennsyl- vania cases both center on the issue of religious practices in public schoolsthe same issue that stirred a storm of contro- versy last June 25 when the high court ruled against a prayer prescribed by the New York Board of Regents for recitation in New York public schools. May Hear Oral Arguments The Supreme Court will hear oral arguments in the two new cases in the next three or four months. It directed that the Pennsylvania case be argued immediately after the Maryland case. Decisions in the two cases most t:'kely will be handed down between the time of oral argu- ment and the court's adjourn- ment next June In the Petmsylvania case, state school officials have asked the court to reverse a Federal court ruling that Bible reading in public schools is an uncon- (Continued on page 9) /