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Catholic Northwest Progress
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October 9, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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October 9, 1964
 

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+++The 'Upper 400' A id00u,00atoO Vatican II i" PVIA dc!d aI,;O S(1B iiiimiati:w:Sane:tgo:f::pThrii: !!::!::ii!:swG:zre,mri!i ciir:eeh  . iEB:s::i;,EIr:de;;i;;im:ebp!.Crta r "" '.. " .... "" Ordinaries also I not the presiding C) t dO UupCi --There are some 400 press them on their own ae- Danielou, a f om m organs of the council. Thus, S.J., and Henry de 25 to 30 members. These ex- and Bishop Joseph McShea of Francis Cardinal Spellman Note St. Francis as Patron ASSISt, Italy (NC) -- the 25th anniversary of the proclama- tion of St. Francis of Assist as patron of Italy was commemo- rated here with solemn religious and civil ceremonies. The highlight was the concelebration October 4 on the saint's feast by the Franciscan Archbishop Rodriguez Ballon of Arequipa, Peru, and 20 Franciscan priests, in the basilica containing the saint's tomb. In a letter read by Amleto Cardinal Cicognani, Papal Secre- tary of State who presided over the Mass, Pope Paul VI outlined St. Francis' life and character, then added: "In the sacred atmosphere of the ecumenical council at which the whole of Catholicism is present through its shepherds, and to which the whole of Catholicism is asked to contribute its faith and active adherence and above all its constant prayer, may the spirit of St. Francis quiver like a vital breath and may his message of brotherhood resound as a wonderful echo to attest to the world the faultlessness of the Church of Christ---one, holy, catholic and apostolic." A solemn novena with Oriental and Latin rites was observed in preparation of the celebrations. Denied Canadian Citizenship 'CAYUGA, Ont. (NC) -- A Dutch immigrant man and wife have been refused Canadian citizenship because they are atheists. Judge W. W. Leach rejected the plea of Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Bergsma of Caledonia, Ont., and commented: "After all, this is a country founded under God." The couple hays twice had their applications for citizenship turned down because they refused to take a citizenship oath containing the phrase "so help me God." Bergsma said he does not believe in God and "would rather not be a Candadian then be a lying Canadian." Catholics Stand for Office LONDON (NC) -- Eighty.four Catholics are among candi- dates for election to the British parliament in the elections to be held October 15. Of these, 39 are running on the Conservative ticket, 24 on the Labor ticket and 20 stand as Liberals. In the last parliament, there were 28 Catholic members, 13 Conservative and 15 Labor. Though the Labor party is designated as "socialist," its principles are in no way incompatible with Christian principles. Some years ago the Catholic bishops specifically stated that British Catholics are perfectly free to vote for any party in British politics, except the Communist party. That position still stands. 'Bri --' Interfaith de= Begun LONDON (NC)--A new monthly religious magazine produced jointly by Catholics, Anglicans, Methodists and Baptists has made its appearance in England. Archbishop Frances Grimshaw of Birmingham sent a mes- sage of goodwill to the first issue. Its aim is mutual understanding and its title is "Caversham Bridge." In pre-Reformation days, Caversham bridge over the river Thames was on the pilgrimage route to the famous shrine of Our Lady Of Walsingham and was famous for its pilgrimage chapel on the bridge itself. EUCHARISTIC CON6RESS EXPERTS HELP PLAN Pope Interested in Bombay Meet BOMBAY, (NC) -- Experts from Rome help forward plans for the 38th International Eucharistic Congress to be held here November 28 to December 4. Sent by Pope Paul VI as indicating his interest in the con- grass are (left) Msgr. Paul Marcinkus, Chicago priest in the Vatican Secretariat of State, and (center) Father Giuseppe Mis- seglia, general secretary of the Standing Committee for Inter- national Congresses, Vatican City, being briefed on plans by Father Herman D'Souza, general secretary of the Congress, for which Valerian Cardinal Gracias, Archbishop of Bombay, will be host. Adult Literacy Project Begun SALISBURY, So. Rhodesia (NC) -- A pilot project of adult literacy classes sponsored by all the churches in Southern Rho- desia has been established here. The project will begin operations next year under the direc- tion of the Institute of Adult Education of the Salisbury Univer- sity College. The need for the joint project was illustrated by figures showing that 70 per cent of the adult population in this country is illiterate. Seamen Gypsies Come Ashore JOLO, The Philippines (NC)--A free school for the children of the Bedjaos, seamen who spend their entire life on the sea living on small boats, was opened at Bongao island near here by American-born Bishop Francis J. McSorl, O.M.I,, for Jolo. The Badjans are fishermen who have never established them- selves permanently on land and now, as a result of the new school, have already built several houses near the school, thus living on land for the first time. Will Fight Pornography HONG KONG (NC) -- A "good reading club" to fight porno- graphic literature was set up here by the diocesan council for Lay Apostolate and a Catholic publishing house, The Chang Wen Press has established a monthly publication in Chinese which is distributed free among youths to foster good reading. The diocesan council is headed by John T. S. Chen who has been appointed by Pope Paul VI as lay auditor at the ecu- menical council. men in the ecumenical council whose voice is never heard on the floor. Yet their influence is consider- able. Some call these men "the powers behind the bishops' thrones." Others call them "mystery men." In reality they are not mysterious at all. They are the "periti," the theologians who function as ex- pert consultants to the council Fathers, men of great learning appointed by Pope Paul VI on the recommendation of their bishops. Their names are list- ed in the official papal year- book. Bernard Cardinal Alfrink of Utrecht, the Netherlands, said here that most bishops have little time to devote to study. This is why they must rely on their theologians when topics come up for discussion in the council which require a great deal of theological knowhow. So the "periti" are con- suited all along, mainly in cord. If we could eavesdrop on such a meeting we would find the committee members as- sembled in a room in one of the buildings that belong to the Holy See, such as the Consistor- ial Palace or the Hospice of St. Martha. A cardinal usually pre- sides. The "Periti" sit along the walls watching the proceed- ings and stand by to answer questions of the bishops. They are men of great rep- utation. Among the best known American periti are Rev. John Courtney Murray, S. J., of Woodstock College, Md.; Rev. George Tavard of Pittsburgh, who is chairman of the theo- logy department a t Mount Mercy College and author of a number of theological works; Rev. Frederick McManus of Boston, professor of canon law at Catholic University; Rev. Godfrey Diekmann, O.S.B., pro- fessor at St. John's c o I 1 e g e, Collegeville, Minn. Other prominent "periti" are Fathers Gregory Baum, O.S.A., of Canada; Karl Lubac, S.J., of France. There are also many others widely known as teachers and Catholic scholars. Their assignment to the var- ious committees depends on their special competence. The Rev. Francis J. Connell, C. SS. R., former dean of the School of Sacred Theology at Catholic University, is likely to be consulted on matlers of moral theology. The Rev. Francis J. McCool S.J., New York priest who is a professor at the Pontifical Biblical In- stitute in Rome, is consulted on Scripture. Msgr. George W. Shea, rector of Immaculate Conception semi:nary in Dar- lington, N. J., and Rev. John J. King, O.M.I., of Lowell, Mass., superior of the oblate Fathers' Rome house of stud- ies, are consulted on dogmatic theology. The Rev. Robert Tri- see of Chicago, professor of Church history at Catholic Uni- versity of America, is a con- sultant in his specialty, while Msgr. Mark J. Hurley, chancel. lor of the Stockton, Calif., die- amine and revise the draft pro- posals to be discussed on the council floor. American mem- bers serve on all'of them. Archbishop John F. Dear- den of Detroit, Bishop John J. Wright of Piltsburgh and Bishop Marco McGraih of Santiago de Veraguas, Pana- ma, are members of the i Commission on Faith and Morals presided over by AIfredo Cardinal Ottaeiani, Secretary of the Congrega- tion of the Holy Office. On the committee dealing with bishops a n d diocesan government, J a m e s Francis Cardinal Mclntyre of Los Angeles, Archbishop Leo Binz of St. Paul and Archbishop Karl J. Alter of Cincinnati are the American mbmbers. Other Americans serving on various committees include: the Orient- al churches, Bishop Bryan J. McEnlegart of Brooklyn; the administration of lhe sacra- merits, Archbishop Joseph T: McGucken of San Francisco and American-born Bishop John Allentown, Pa., are on the committee dealing with Re- ligious. Auxiliary Bishop Fulton J. Sheen of New York is a mem- ber of the missions committee. The liturgy committee has Archbishop Paul J. Hallinan of Atlanta. On the committee on the welfare of the clergy and faithful is Joseph Cardinal Rit- ter of St. Louis. The committee on seminaries and Catholics education includ- es Archbishop John J. Cody, Apostolic administrator of New Orleans and Archbishop Pat- rick A. O'Boyle of Washing. ton D. C. The 1 ay apostolate com. mittee has Archbishop William E. Cousins of Milwaukee and Bishop Allen J. Babcock of Grand Rapids, Mich. In addition there is the Secretariat for the Promotion of Christian Unity headed by Augustin Cardinal Ben, S.J., with Archbishop Dearden and Archbishop Lawrence J. Shehan of Baltimore as the American of New York is one of the 12 members of its presidency and is also on the Committee of coordination beaded by the Papal Secretary of State Amleto Cardinal Cicognani. Archbishop John J. Krol of Philadelphia is one of the five undersecretaries of the council The "periti" a r e indispen. able to the council. Its success depends on them to quite some extent. Many an important speech has been drafted by them, many a cou.ncil docu- ment has been prepared wilh their expert advice. No wonder their influence is felt, but for this very reason instructions were recenlly issued to pre- vent them from giving public interviews or otherwise trying to make their views prevail. So now as a rule they remain in the background and shun publicity. These "upper 400" are men of great discretion. They know that it is behind the scenes that the really important decisions are reached. Thanksqivinq Cl.othing Drive Set WASHINGTON (NC)-- The 16th annual Thanks- giving Clothing Collec- tion sponsored by the U.S. Catholic Bishops in behalf of the needy overseas will be conducted in the more than 17,000 Catholic parishes throughout the nation during November. In a letter to the bishops of the e o u n t r y, Archbishop Patrick A. O'Boyle of Wash- ington, chairman of the ad- ministrative board, National Catholic Welfare Conference, formally launched the appeal. The consistently generous response of American Cath- olics to the annual Thanks. giving Clothing Collection has made it possible to bring help and hope, without regard to race, religion or color, to millions of needy people in 55 countries of Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin Amer- ica, the archbishop stressed. "The fact that the amount of serviceable used clothing, footwear, blankets and bed regularly exceeds that of the previous year, is, I think, ample proof that our good Catholic people look forward every No. vember to the Bishops' Thanks. giving C l o t h i n g Collection," Archbishop O'Boyle said. Last year, 15,028,424 pounds of clothing, shoes, blankets, bed linen and other mate- rials, having an estimated value of $21 million, were donated to the Bishops' Thanksgiving Clothing Col- lection. Distribution of the clothing to deserving needy persons is made under American super- vision by CRS-NCWC, the over, seas aid agency of U.S. Cath- olics, which maintains relief programs in more than 70 countries. Observers Given Leatherbound Testament VATICAN CITY (NC) -- The non.Catholic observers of the ecumenical council were p r e s e n t e d luther- bound copies of the New Testament at the reception given them by Pope Paul VI September 29, it was re- vealed. The Pope himself is under- stoodto have made the choice of the gift. It is the edition of the Pontifical Biblical Institute in both Latin and Greek, which the Pope is said to have felt would be symbolic, Inas- much as it indicates that the word of God should inspire all men of good will seeking reunion In Christ. Each of the observers re- ceived a copy of the book embossed with the words, "Second Vatican Ecumen- teal Council, 1964." International Education Meeting MEXICO CITY (NC) -- The Mexican National Parents' As- sociation has complained that the World Education Assembly held here in September has un- dermined Mexican education by discrediting the rights of parents and the role of re- ligion in schools. In a letter appearing in the daily newspaper Excelsior Sep- tember 29, the association charged that most of the for- eign delegates at the assembly had no official status and that they were given undue atten- tion by the Mexican ministry of education. Holy Father Greets Armenian Prelate POPE PAUL VI greets Bishop Ardavazt Terterian of the Armenian Church of Marseilles, France, former professor of the patriarchal seminary in Lebanon, and one of 75 council observers representing 23 churches of the world. The Pontiff presented each observer with a leather-bound copy of the New Testament in both Latin and Greek. Augustin Cardinal Bea, resident of the Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity (center) and Bishop Jan Wille- rends, secretary of the unity secretariat, introduced the observers. Lay Apostolate Council Topic (Continued from Page 1) the church -- evangeliz, hierarchy has turned over to 'play in this Christianization of the world because the hierar- chy's action does not reach the temporal order directly. The third section also directs attention to works of mercy and charity on the part of the laity. Such works receive their apostolic effectiveness in the degree to which they respect.+ the dignity of the human per- son, freedom of conscience, and the image of God and Christ imprinted in each person. Section four deals with var- ious forms of association and stresses the importance of the organized apostolate. Noting the existence of various or- ganized forms of the lay apos- tolate, the schema recognizes the freedom of the laity to or- ganize associations but warns against dispersal of forces and energies. Regarding Catholic Action organizations, the schema says that those bearing such a name have three characteristics: 1. They have as their apos- tolate the apostolate of ation and the sanctifica- tion of men. 2. The laity assumes res. ponsibility for the organ. Ization of the group. 3. In these groups they act as organized groups and lastly they act under the direction of the hierarchy itself. The fifth section is devoted to the principles of organiza- tion or relationships between forms of the lay apostolate and hierarchy. Among these are the movements organized by the laity on their initiative and res- posibility. These cannot be called Catholic without the im- plicit or explicit agreement Of the hierarchy. Other movements are rec- ognized by canon law, while still other movements are those in which the hierarchy assumes responsibility for apostolic ac- tivity by the laity and associ- ates this activity with that of the bishops. The schema also lists the movements In which the the laity certain duties per- formed by clerics. These duties might be found in the liturgy, in preaching and in pastoral activity. In cases in which the laity participate'in the apostolate proper to the hierarchy, they are complete- ly subjected to ecclesiastical authority. This status is known as the canonical mis- sion. The schema exhorts pastors, bishops and priests to recog- nize the place iwhich belongs to the laity and emphasizes the necessity of the overall co- ordination of apostolic efforts. It even provides for organiz- ing a secretariat in Rome to function as a Iconsultative or- gan and reseah center at ths service of the hierarchy and laity. Lastly, collaboration with the others, Christian a n d non- Christian alike, is recommend- ed to stress the value of the common patrimony which is found in the Gospel + or in human values. Prelates View 'Declaration on Religious Liberty'+ Finds Acceptable: Sees Weakness: ROME (DW)--His Eminence, Rich- ard Cardinal Cushing, 69, Archbishop of Boston, speaking "in the name of almost all the bishops of the United States, ' said today in the Council Hall that "the declaration on re- ligious liberty in general is acceptable," but does need some amendment here and there. "But it is earnestly hoped," he said, "that the amendments be such that the Declaration be stronger in the meaning it already expresses, ROME (DW) -- His Eminence, A1- fredo Cardinal Ottaviant, 73, head of the Doctrinal Commission: of the Second Vatican Council, today pointed out various weaknesses in the schema on Religious Liberty for the Individual in Human Society. He said the Church had always taught the general pr!n- ciple contained in the declaration, that "no one must be forced into religion," and quoted Ter- tullian as a witness of this. and not weaker." He said "the substance of the doctrine as we have it here is true and solid, and it is aptly appropriate for our times. Therefore the declaration must remain intact as to its es- sential meaning." Cardinal Cushing said it was of the greatest importance that the Church in this declaration "show itself to the entire modern world as the champion of liberty of human liberty and civil liberty, specifically in the matter of religion." He said the question was a practical one of great importance, "both for the life of the Church and for the social and civil life." It was likewise a doctrinal question, he said, "for the doctrine of the Church on religious liberty in modern civil society has not yet been declared clearly and unambiguously." But he said the schema was guilty of ex- aggeration where it said "He is worthy of honor" wbo obeys his own conscience.-and thus also said it would be better to Say such a per- son is worthy of "tolerance" or, at the most "respect" or "charity." Listing various weaknesses in the schema text, Cardinal Ottaviani said "the principle which says each one has. the right to follow his own conscience must suppose that the con- science is not contrary to the divine law.'! He said there was lacking in the text "an explicit and solemn affirmation of the first and genuine right to religious liberty which Objec- tively belongs to those who are members of the true revealed religion." Vatican City News Q Discusses Celibac00 VATICAN CITY (NC)--Vatican City's :ly, replyi,ng to a reader who asked whether the Church might not relax the law of priestly celibacy, pointed out that the suggestion had never been made in the debates of the Second Vatican Council. L'Osservatore Della Domen- ice said: "Although celibacy is a pure- ly ecclesiastical law, it has its roots in the Gospel, centered in the example of Christ Him- self and in the direction taken by the earliest Christian tra. dition, which was later formu- lated into a law at the provin- cial Council of Elvira at the beginning of the fourth century. "Despite the complete aware- ness of the council Fathers that the Church has the power to make celibacy optional in the Latin world as well (as in the Eastern rites), none of them who spoke in the council de- bates put forward proposals for a thinning-down of the law of priestly celibacy in the Latin Church, though the admission of married deacons was much discussed." The weekly quoted the late Pope John XXIII. "Priestly celibacy is not a dogma imposed by Holy Writ, and it would' be very easy for me to pick up a pen and sign an order giving priests who want it the fac- ulty to marry. But I cannot do this, and will never do it, because the Church has taken this sacrifice upon herself freely, generously and hero. ieally." The magazine noted that there "has never been a lack of cases of dispensation from vows in the history of the Church." But it said, apart from cases brought about by events outside the Church's control, such as during the French Revolution, such dis- pensatioos "have always been sporadic and isolated." The article raised the ques, tion of a French priest who recently publicized his dispen. III sation from the law of celibacy to a pledge he had made as a coodition for that dispensation. Ib. This priest had argued that a IP young ma.n of 23 or 24 years is incapable of realizing what celibacy would entail. The writer of the article, Msgr. Ferdinando Lambru- schini, pointed out that no one wants to invalidate a marriage on the grounds that young men and women are unable to realize what a life- long and exclusive union will 1ff mean. Monsignor Lambruschini con- tinued: "It is not a decisive argument to refer to Eastern rites priests who, while being united to Rome, have kept the opportunity of choosing be- tween celibacy and marriage . . This confirms, if that is the Church's broad- necessary, mindedness. "qw "Moreover, it is not by chance that while rumors of attenuation of the law of cel- ibacy in the Latin Church are periodically heard among the public, there is more emphasis in the Eastern and Protestant Churches on the full value of perfect chastity in priests." t IF More News On the Council Page Seven ANNOUNCEMENT TO ALL SISTERS It was just a year ago that NHA was selected to + carry the hospital-medlcal.surgical protection for the Teach;oH Sisters and lay school personnel of the Seattle Archdiocese. NHA s proud of the success and acceptance of this program. Now, because of numerous requests from other Sis- ters, NHA makes hls valued protection available to ALL SISTERS OF ALL ORDERS. NHA coverage is backed by over S8 years of ex- perience . . . experience in a never-endlng search ... search for ways to offer greater protection against the high costs of illness and injury . . . a search for ways to give you the very best in health protection at reasonable rates. For information of what this fine protection can do for you and your Order, please contact: Joseph Wil- son, NATIONAL HEALTH ASSURANCE, phone MA 4.4409 or Ed Donnelly, 424-3rd Ave. W., AT 2-6390. NATIONAL HEALTH ASSURANCE Home Office: Vaneouver, Wash.  It Ib Q tt