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October 5, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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October 5, 1962

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:4--THE PROGRESS Friday, Ocf. 5, 1962 Christianity On Trial N A CERTAIN sense the Second Vati- can Council promises to be unique among the Ecumenical Councils of Christ- endom. In past centuries, the bishops gathered under the Pope's authority to define a point of dogma. It was because some began to question the Divine Motherhood of Mary that a Council was convoked at Ephesus in 431. When enough questions Were raised about Papal Infallibility the last Vatican Council (1870) became a necessity, and the traditional belief of Christians con- cerning the inerrancy of Peter and his successors was clarified once and for all. But it is not so much with this or that point of dogma that our present Pontiff and his bishops must deal. It is rather the vadidity for modern man to hold any revealed truth whatsoever that has been called into question by disbelievers of our day. It is not this or that doctrine of Christianity that has been attacked--Christianity itself has been put on trial. The religtous heresy of the 20th Cen- tury attacks the dogma of heaven, of eternal life with God in a hereafter. This heresy teaches positively that man is an animal, nothing more; that his des- tiny is mother earth; that death is the end of individual life. And man will arrive at an earthly paradise to enjoy a few years of pleasure if he makes a complete act of faith in the god of natural science. Whether this heresy is taught openly in schools behind the Iron or Bamboo Curtain, whether it is only strongly im- implied in the secular classrooms of some American high schools and universities or subtly hinted at by radio, newspaper and television ads the effect i s always the same: man ceases to think about himself as a creature destined for the Beatific Vision. He tends to become molded more and more into the kind of anima] modern materialism insists he is. IVe said at the beginning that the definition of no single dogma caused the convocation of the forthcoming Council. This we still maintain to be true. Because once "Christian nations" show by the way they live that they no longer believe in heaven, then it is not one dogma, but all dogma that is no longer believed. Certainly all those who work for so- cial reform and better living conditions are not atheists. As a matter of fact, Christian charity demands that we see to the material needs of our neighbor. But the grave danger today with the advent of such dazzling discoveries made by scientific research is that more and more of the natural and less and less of the supernatural tends to motivate efforts towards social progress. A mum task of the coming Council will be to place the role of natural science and the obvious need for mate- rial betterment in its proper perspec- tive, In other words, the Second Vati- can Council will breathe the life of God back into the failing members of Christ's mystical body. So that the world will come to see that the good things of this life are not ends in them- selves, but means to helping man achieve the only heaven worthy of human aspiration: union with his Creator for all eternity. Christians of the 20th Century might as well face the fact that Communism could produce a material utopia unparal- led in the history of human civilization. Didn't the devil tell Christ as he showed Him the glories of this world: "All these things will I give you if only you fall down and adore me"? The Commu- nist has so fa'llen down. Earthly paradise and eternal damnation could well be their punishment. It could be ours too if we become hypnotized by the breath- taking advances of technical science. The Second Vatican Council is con- vening in Christianity's greatest hour of peril. True, this peril is not one of life or death. Easter Sunday has proven the Body of Christ can never die. But while Christ's body cannot die, His members can. Pray as you have never prayed before for the success of the Second Vatican Council. The salvation of entire nations is literally at stake. With A Grain Of Salt E OF THE Progress staff consider it a great privilege and honor to be able to cover the Second Ecumenical Council for Catholics of the Northwest. It is, however, necessary to issue a word of caution and warning to our re/ders. An Ecumenical Council is not a session of Congress; it is not a conven, tion; above all, it is not a prolonged political rally. The Rev. Gustave Weigl, S.J., pro- fessor of theology at Woodstock (Md.), prefers to parallel procedures of the forthcoming Council to those of the Supreme Court. The Second Vatican Council will be characterized by weeks and months of profound study, careful deliberation and cautious pronouncement. The proper interpretation of di- vinely inspired and divinely preserved tradition does not lend itself to sensa- tionalism. Therefore, we caution our readers to take the many rumors, out- landish predictions and far-out quota- tions that will inevitably appear in the secular press with a large gram of salt. Some unscrupulous reporters are bound to grow impatient with proceed- ings and, anxious to print something about the Council, will exaggerate or pre- sume to6"much. We know that the secular press is attempting to do what it can to avoid sensationalism, but a certain amount of it from past experience seems to be inevitable. We beg of you please check out for confirmation or denial news articles dealing with the Second Vatican Council which appear m the daily press with the Catholic Northwest Progress' weekly Council coverage. K Fears Pads. Bonn By Louis F. Budenz Then it proceeds to depict our national capital as full of sound and fury, with "in- vasion shouters" engaging in "inflamatory outcries" and irresponsible propaganda." It then comments sarcastic- ally: "The .present invade-Cuba campaign ]s not motivated by fear of a military attack. It is ONTEMPT f o r the American nation is being spread nowadays among all the Communist par- ties. Their international boss, Nikita Khrushchev, has let them know that there is little to fear at present from the United States. motivated by fear of the in- De s p i t e our flence Cuba's revolutionary ex- tr emendous ample is having on all Latin strength, h e American countries anxious to looks forward cast off the yoke of North to our acting American monopoly exploita- immediately in tion." Cuba and eventually in In succession it presents Berlin w i t h the recent history of our in- the same do- ability to deal with Cuba n o t h ingness from the Bay of Pigs "in- BUDENZ t h a t marked vasien" through the so-called our course in Hungary. embargo to the present time. It points out that "the so- In contrast, the v i a I s of cialist countries" h a v eal. Khrushchev's wrath and fear ways been able to outwit the are poured on the heads of United States by their aid to Chancellor Adenauer of West Cuba. They have even broken Germany and President de the unity of the "capitalist Gaulle of France. This latter camp" by getting "vessels phenomenon is not only to be flying the flags of some cap- witnessed in the official bar- italist countries" to c a r r y rage by Moscow for three days wheat and farm machinery in succession in mid-September tn Castro. against the unity of these lead- ers. It is to be noted in every Its conclusion is: "The Cu- Communist directive organ in ban people were not intimi- every country since the four dated by the attack on their weeks .ago that I mentioned the capital or by the hysteria of subject in this column, certain American Senators. They are replying by strength- 'Hysterical Washington' ening their armed forces. The derision against the im- "Washington is hysterical, potency of the United States but Cuba is calm because her reaches a new high point in people know that they are the New Times of September marching in step with history, 12. This hit the streets of New while the U.S. militarists are York in English translation, vainly trying to reverse its straight from Moscow, almost at the same time it was pub- course." lished in Russian in the lat- Aura Of Joviality ter city. It leading article is headed "Hysterical Washing- The Worker of September 24 ton, Calm Havana." catches this spirit at once. It even surrounds its Cuban dis- cussion with an aura of jo- viality in the title of its edito- rial "Ice Pack for Hot Heads." The same picture of the "hot heads on Capitol Hill" is pre- sented. But they are "effect- ively" answered by one of the Reds' most quoted non-Commu- nist commentators, W al t e r Lippman. It is his column of September 18, showing that we can do nothing at all in Cuba, that furnishes the "ice pack" that official Washington needs. After having shown that we "cannot invoke the Monroe Doctrine" any more because of our own activities in Europe and Asia, the columnist adds that a blockade "would be an act of war not only against Cuba but against the Soviet Union." Then Lippman resorts to the argument which is being broadcast world.wide by the New Times: "Castro is not, and is not capable of becom. ing, a clear and present dan- ger to the United States." Interestingly, in the assault on the European community and its Common Market, Mr. Lippman is again singled out for quotation by the Commu- nists. This time it is in In- ternational Affairs for Aug- ust. This publication, issued by the Soviet Society for the Popularization of Political and Scientific Knowledge, presents a three-fold, barrage against de Gaulle and Adenauer and Eur- ope's unity. In order to do so, it does not hesitate to re-publish for world consumption the article by James Allen, the American Communist economist, in Po- litical Affairs of last February. As The World Changes... \\; \\; /00/5510#5 \\; A Mosquito Or -- By Rev. John B. Sheerin, CLS.P. ILL t h e Organiza- tion of Ameri,can States take strong meas- ures to dismantle the Commu- nist bastion in Cuba? Many diplomatic experts f e e 1 that Castroism is a Latin Ameri- c a n problem that should be handled by Latin Ameri- cans. The wisdom of a U.S. nav- al blockade to cut off Com- munist aid is big h I y dubi- FR. SHEERIN ous. Stopping S o v i e t ships could be risky business. Am other invasion of Cuba is also a dubious venture. We have no desire to repeat the first fias- co at the Bay of Pigs. But is there any ground for hope that the O.A.S. can be persuaded to act in concert against Cas- tro? Any positive moves by the O.A.S. w o u I d certainly em- bolden the budding revolution- aries in Cuba and there does seem to be a vast amount of discontent on t h e unhappy island at this time. Late this month the O.A.S. members are to meet in New York. What will they decide to do? Policy of Caution My own guess is that they will mouth s o m e oratorical generalities about the perils of foreign intervention b u t will make no significant moves. Brazil and Mexico have al- ready accommodated t h e m- selves to the fact of a Cuban Communism and they won't be anxious to start any trouble. The other nations will probably feel that while the Soviets in Cuba constitute an embarrass- ment to American prestige there is little chance that Khrushchev will risk a global war for the sake of a confed- erate as unreliable as Castro. Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Guate- mala and Venezuela may clam- or for aggressive action but I think most of the others will pursue a policy of extreme caution. Why the hesitation? The re- luctance of these Latin Ameri- can nations is due, I believe, to the force of public opinion in their countries. There is m Latin America generally the revolution of "rising expecta- tions" and the people want social and economic reforms. To many of these people, Castro symbolizes r e f o r m. Moreover, they have been prop- agandized by the Communists into believing that the United States has exploited them in the past and they admire Cas- tro as one of their own who talked back to the imperialist monster of the North. The American student who attend- ed the Helsinki Youth Festival this year found an amazing amount of anti - Americanism and fidelism even among the neutral Latin Americans. The two big facts in Latin America, and we have to keep them in mind in discussing Cuba, are 1) the increasing activity of Communists and 2) the Latin American's emo- tional commitment to social and eeonomie reform. (I re- fer of course to the masses, not to the tight.fisted mil- lionaires who a r e banking Swamp? their wealth in Switzerland and at the same time fight- ing land reform at home.) Many Catholic 1 e a d e r s in Latin America, fortunately, are promoting these much need re- forms. Teodoro Moscoso, co- ordinator of the Alliance for Progress, recently praised the Chilean bishops for their work in planning land reform and many religious orders in Chile are following the lead of the bishops and distributing church owned farmlands to t e n a n t farmers. Positive Steps The coming week will reveal what positive steps the Admin- istration at Washington w i I l take with regard to the pres- ence of Soviet military tech- nicians, advisers and material in Cuba. With the Castroites manufacturing charges about U.S. Marine "provocations" at Guantanamo, t h e Administra- tion may have to forestall a takeover of the Naval Base. But no matter what hap- pens we ought to retain a proper perspective on Cuba and I think Moscoso has phrased it aptly in a recent statement: "I have long felt that in building up Castro as an arch enemy of the U.S., we may well have magnified a mosquito into an eagle." To use the flit-gun on the Cuban mosquito will not solve all the problems of Latin America. That m a y become necessary but it won't get to the source of the troubles. The only cure-all is to drain the swamps of social and economic injustice that have spawned the mosqmto. By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore How confusing can you get? When our President has in fact rec- ognized a state of emergency regard- ing the fumbled Cuban situation and when Khrushchev is threatening nuclear war the Sec- retary of the Interior enjoys a status as special guest of the same Khrushchev who perhaps had good enough reasons for saying that "we will bury you". Not long ago Mr. Secretary guided a little band of happy (or slap-happy) public power fans into the Soviet sanctum. We feel that some of them must have felt quite at home. Nikita was most gracious. And why not? The secretary acknowledged that we "have much to learn" from the Communists. We can argree completely with that state- ment. But the question does nag us: When does Lesson I begin? And what does the sec- retary himself seek to learn? More about oen- tralizatien? More about Socialism? We do hope that Nikita showed the good secretary Russia's public parks and recreation system. Over here we Call it Siberia. Anyway, President Kennedy has asked for powers to call up 150,000 reserves to active duty. Russians hre pouring into Cuba. Britain has suggested cautiously that it be left ot of trouble. The Latin American states according to their own political and e.onomic interests assume various positions. We are left alone with Cuba 90 miles off the coast of Florida and Cape Cana- veral. But our favorite secretary, the highest rank- ing member of this administration ever to visit the USSR, joined his hosts at Lake Baikal and introduced touch football to the benighted natives. How confusing can the situation get? Rejection of College Bill May Dampen School Aid Efforts By J, J. Gilbert Church-State grounds made the WASHINGTON, Oct. 3 issue one of major significance Many legislators and in bill's defeat. educators here are wend- Many of those surveying the wreckage are asking if, as a ering if the House's re- result of this past session, the jection of Federal aid for challenges facing Federal aid colleges has not ended chances have not become too great for for adoption of any U.S. aid to enactment of any general as- education, sistance, whether it be for col- Undoubtedly, more attempts leges or for public and private to secure Federal,aid will be elementary a n d secondary made. President Kennedy al- schools. ready has said he will come Surely the NEA's agitation back with his college assist- on the Church-State issue is ance proposals next year. intended to make this a major The November Congressional stumbling block to inclusion of elections will be an indication church-related a n d all other of the strength a new drive for private schools in future pro- education aid will receive in posa!s" Congress. But. in view of the The NEA seeks this goal complete failure of bills this despite its lack of qualifiea- session and the heated centre- tions to speak on matters of versy generated by these meas- constitutional law and in the ures, some questions a b o u t face of an angry reprimand their future are natural, from the American Council The college bill staggered on Education for. the Associa. to the House f 1 o o r under tion's use of the. tactic. The heavy burdens. Indeed, the council is the major spokes- history of this legislation af- man for U.S. higher eduea- fords scholars an a ! m o s t tion which the NEA fails to classic example of the pres- represent in any significant sures--forceful and'varied -- way. that can be exerted u p o n But the NEA's campaign can legislative proposals, mean more than the death of Theoretically, it should have aid to private schools and col- been a strong measure, leges. As Rep. Edith Green of Both House and Senate, early Oregon, author of the college this year, passed versions of bill and vigorous supporter of college aid with a minimum equal participation by public of debate and lopsided votes and private colleges, said on in favor of such help. The the House floor in a reply to construction assistance pro- the NEA protests: posed in the major sections of "If they are' successful in both bills rested on extensive stirring up enough religious precedents, controversy on this, I do not College aid had the support think we will see an education of all organized spokesmen for bill in the Congress in the fore- higher education. The Ken- seeable future." nedy administration was be- hind it. The compromisethe ver- A L ; St dv sion sent to House was ov.n00, u painstakingly designed to meet A/HAT are the aims the constitutional questions al- legedly involved in helping of the Council? church-related colleges. Pope John has described Yet, it failed. Ostensibly, them at length in the rejection c a m e because it proposed loans and grants first encyclical letter for needy students, a pro- which is addressed to the gram H o u s e eenservatives Catholic world: opposed. "Truth, Unity and Peace." This was not the sole rea- The more specific concerns of son, however. Others 'included the Council have also been out- Republican desires to deprive lined by the Pontiff; they "will Democrats of an election year be the growth of the Catholic boast, Southern resentment of Church, the renewal of the threatened Federal efforts to spirit of the Gospel in the force schools taking U.S. funds hearts of people everywhere, to desegregate, and the gen- and the adjustment of Chris- eral reluctance among some tian discipline to the exigencies members of the House to pass of modern-day living." any type of education aid. In November of 1960, in an In addition, t h e Church- address to those who had been' State issue was deeply in- meeting in Rome to initiate the volved, despite protests by work of the Council, Pope John supporters of the bill that it insisted that "everything that was beside the point, the new Ecumenical Council is The decision of the National to do is really aimed at re- Education Association to pro- storing to f u 11 splendor the test equal participation of pri- simple and pure lines that the rate and public colleges on face of the Church of Jesus had at its birth, and at pre- senting it as its Divine Foun- To His People der made it" The Chur00 'as **" a mother.., present to every I T fs not above thy reach, it human event . . . as adorned is not beyond thy compass, with b e a u t y ever new, who this duty which I am now en- shines w i t h new brilliance, joining upon thee. It is not a bears new palms . . . "must 1 secret laid up in l:eaven, that also be described as "still a thou must needs find someone long way from the point where to scale heaven and bring it it will be transported into an down to thee before thou canst eternity of triumph." hear what it is and obey. it. It Thus, the highest and noblest is not an art, practiced far aim of the Ecumenical Coun. overseas, that thou must wait cit "is to pause a little in a for someone to go voyaging and loving study of the Church and bring it back to thee before try to rediscover the lines of .,d thou canst learn to live by it. her more fervent youth and No, this message of mine is to reconstruct them in a way close to thy side, it rises to thy that will reveal their power tips, it is printed on thy mere- over modern minds that are ory, thou hast only to fulfill tempted and deceived by the it ..... false theories of the prince of I call heaven and earth to this world, the open of hidden witness this day that I have set adversary of the Son of God, such a choice before thee, life Redeemer and Savior."--Car- or death, a blessing or a curse, dinal Cushing, 1962 Lenten Pas- ... Deuteronomy 30: 11. toral. I Calendar SUNDAY, OCTOBER 7, SEVENTEENTH S U N D A Y AFTER PENTECOST, MASS: Justus es--Thou are just (Green). Gi., 2nd Pr. of Our Lady of the Rosary, Cr., Pref. of Trin. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, OCTOBER 8, ST. BRIDGET, WIDOW, MASS: Cognovi--I have known (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of H. Martyrs. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 9, ST. JOHN LEONARD, CONFESS- OR, MASS: In sermonibus--By the words (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of H. Mart-,rs. 10, ST. FRANCIS BORGIA, CONFESSOR, MASS: Os justi --The mouth o the just (Com- mon of Abbots) (White). G1. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 1L I MATERNITY OF B. V. M., MASS: Ecce Virgo--Behold a Virgin (White). GI., Cr., Pref. of B. V. M. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 12, FE- RIAL FRIDAY, MASS of the 17th Sun. after Pent. No. GI., no Cr., Com. Pref. Abstinence. Am SATURDAY, OCTOBER 13, St. EDWARD, KING, CONFES- SOR, MASS: ,Os justi--The WEDNESDAY, 0 C T 0 B E R mouth of the just (White). 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published every Friday by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., $.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor