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Catholic Northwest Progress
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September 28, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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September 28, 1962

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The Drive['00 Sea) New Method The Pri M j,':..*;G.,y,:.': .... ..." "" ;..,..3 .'.': ...,... . A. Mclnerny business consultant To gain the benefit of the work of for several major U.S. corpora- tions, former newspaperman and owner of a financial and political news service in Washington, D.C., has recently writ- ten a book entitled "The Private Man." These seven terse sentences on the book's dust jacket caught our eye: "He preserved civilization. He en- dowed universities. He brought forth the guilds and commerce. He preserved the best manners of each passing age. He encouraged arts and letters. He in- vented banking. Why do we want to get rid of him?" Who is this private man? He is the hard working industrious American who owns his own property, supports his fam- ily, respects the rights of others and is possessed of a certain spirt of resource- fulness and dignity. Most of us fancy ourselves as aspirants to the life of a private man. But opposed to the private man is ?what might be termed "the public man." others, the public man gives himself over to the state; the state, in turn, furnishes him with housing, medical care, food and , sometimes clothing, all at the expense of the private man. And sometimes the actual Cost is multiplied because relief work administered by the government has a large mark-up due to graft, inefficiency or the tendency of politicians to load the public payroll with incompetents. Admitting the necessity of Federal aid to those of our citizens in need, there is nevertheless a great deal of truth in the thesis that nowadays it is the private man who is merely tolerated. And more and more of our citizens are giving them- selves over to the state not only out of necessity but out of a new social "ideal." While many Americans brag about how well they have been barring the Communists from this country's front door, it is rather frightening to discover how much of Lenin's philosophy is seeping in through the back door of the unguarded American mind. :i Support Food Program By J. J. Gilber* ASHINGTON, Sept. 25 -- The United States' decision to play a major role in the newly form- ed "World Food Program" puts this country squarely be- hind an historic international assault on world hunger. American support is a natur- al development stemming from a concern for the world's needy which has prompted this nation to distribute billions of dollars worth of food and services. In the past six years alone, the American people have given away commodities worth more than $11 billion. Despite this tremendous out. lay, however, the U. S: has barely scratched its fantastic surplus which, in wheat alone, stands today at 1,231,000,000 bushels. Secretary of Agriculture Or- ville Freeman told a meeting at which nations gathered to pledge commodities and ser- vices to the new world food effort: "In a very real sense, there is no surplus of food anywhere as long as food can be sent to those who do not have ellOUl. ' ' Thn new international pro- gram is an experimental one scheduled to live a modest, three-year life. But if it is successful, there is no doubt efforts will be made to ex- pand it. It will operate under, auspices of the United Nations and its specialized agency, the Food and Agriculture Organization. It will start by using pledged food to combat emergencies, to supplement the diets Of chil- dren in areas of chronic mal- nutrition and to test whether food can be used for economic development, such as being given in partial payment for work. The United States and 30 other nations have pledged a total of $86 million in cash and commodities. The U.S. assum- ed most of the burden, promis- ing $40 million in commodities and $10 million in cash and shipping services. The next largest contributor is Germany which pledged a total of $8 million. Canada and England each pledged $5 mil- lion. None of the contributing nations have continual sur- pluses in food products as does the United States. But they do frequently have morn than they can use. Canada and Germany, for example, have both had small wheat surpluses in recent years. New Zealand and Den- mark nearly always produce extra dairy products. France often has extra sugar beets. But for many of the pledged nations, the food donations will represent a sacrifice. The Holy See has welcomed the new program. Through its representative at the U. N., Auxiliary Bishop James H. Griffiths of New York, it pledged $1,000 as a token of its support and to show that His Holiness Pope John XXIII feels "deep personal solici- tude for this noble cause." The Pope's concern also is clear in his encyclical, Mater et Magistra (Mother and Teacher). He wrote in this major social document that "justice and humanity re- quire . . rich nations to come to the aid of those in need." He said that "to destroy entirely or to waste goods necessary for the lives of men runs counter to our obligations in justice mad humanity." Noting that some citizens oc- casionally can be harmed by surpluses, especially in farm products, the Pope warned that "nevertheless it does not therefore follow that nations with surpluses have no ob- ligation to aid the poor and hungry when some particular emergency arises." The U.S. government has made clear that emergence of the new international pro. gram does not mean it will stop its relief program, much of which is carried out by Catholic Relief Services--Nat- ional Catholic Welfare Con- ference. The U.N. effort is seen as supplemental to the American one. In addition, American par- ticipation depends on agree- ment between the international program's director and the United States on each separate project using U. S. contribu- tions. In addition, to assure the international character of the effort, the United States has insisted that its contribution in cash must not exceed 40 per cent of the total cash contributions. Addeke Hendrik Boerma of the Netherlands, director of the international program, has said it will undertake about 30 projects a year, beginning in Indonesia, Somalia, Tang- anyika and Brazil. Red Gains In Americas By Louis F. Budenz e are in for a ser- ious business with Castro's Cuba. Before it is over, if the Kremlin has its way, Soviet Communism will engulf new portions of Latin America. How the United States is to be stopped from doing any- thing about this Red invasion .,.: is outlined edi- i .......... ii!!iii torially by The ........ '' Worker of September 16. : ..... i:: Its deliberate- i::iiii:.:i! .................. i I y hysterical ?!!4i:. ::: ::: ;: editorial p r e- ; ::iii!:.i: ::  ,:: : :i :i :'i:Y:i:::i::i:::; ...... :i santa e v e r y American at- tempt at de- fense as bring- ing on "catas- BUDENZ trophe." Shril- ly it exclaims: "You must act to' stop war against Cuba or you may not live to regret it. The war they threaten against Cuba may bring the death of us all." A nation-covering campaign is to be carried forward thus appealing to the timid and timorous. Meanwhile, Soviet rule will be fastened perm- anently on Cuba and Red pres- tige expanded throughout the agriculture. It is the carrying out of the old Lenin pattern, to promise "land to the pea- sants" and then take it away from them. The making over of the is- land into a Soviet Cuba in this initial sector is explain- ed by Joseph North, corres- pendant of The Worker. Firstly, "the revolution has transformed the past lati- fundia previously owned by powerful domestic and for- eign landowners into coop- eratives." Then, the farm workers "decided" to be- come serfs again for the reason that they "had a working-class mentality rath- er than a land hunger com- mon to farmers. That rose from their previous relation to the soil, that of working men, proletarians of the fields." And so it is that the Com- munists explain their betrayal of the Cuban cane workers, of how finding many of them landless they dontinue them landless. This digging in of Soviet ec- onomy into the island is ac- complished by a spread of Castro's prestige elsewhere as the David defying the Goliath of the United States. We can turn to Jose Rodrigo and the August Political Affairs for what was going on even prior to the big importation of Soviet arms. Rodrigo says: "Latin American workers know that U. S. imperial- i s m's aggressions against Santiago Meet To forward such ideas there has been instigated by the Communists "a great Trade Union Conference of Latin American Workers, open to all trade unions." This was to be held in Santiago this month. In that conference--and this is what makes this move so serious--the "immediate de- mands" of the workers are to be linked up with "defense of the achievements of the Cuban Revolution" and attacks on "the intrigues of the U. S. im- perialists." It is rather astounding that the American press and other U. S. agencies have not sent out a flaming message of the encroachment on Cuban farm workers' rights represented by the State farms. What are American people to do? One of their leading newspapers, the New York Times, gives them a most con- tradictory picture, for in- stance, on September 14. On its front page that day, it runs an article by a British newspaperman, Edwin Teflow, who declares that "the Cuban" revolution is losing steam." He then goes on to conclude that the United States never- theless will have to make "a new deal" with Soviet Cuba. In the same issue, Hanson Baldwin, the military expert, e a s t i g a t e s Khrushehev's warning about war if we move against Cuba as a fata- l I i a r maneuver" designed "to encourage the cautious or worried element in Amer- : Americas. 'Land To The Peasants' What has actually been oc- curring? First of all, Castro has done much more than arm against the United States. Al- Is Introduced Justice Goldberg, Liberal Realist By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. HE appointment of Labor Secretary Gold- berg to the Supreme court has provoked a great amount of specula- tion about his future role as a high court jurist. Will he prove to be a "conservative" after the fashion of Justic Frankfurter or a "liberal" like Douglas and Black? Will he practice "judicial re- straint" and pay a large amount of respect and defer- ence to Congress and State legislators? Or will he be a legal theorist ready to scrap any state or federal law that does not accord with his notion of constitutionality? MY GUESS is that he will be a "liberal (whatever that word might mean!) but a "liberal" with his feet on the ground rather than a doctrinaire the. orist like Justice Black. As Secretary of Labor and previously as a practicing law- yer, Goldberg came in contact with labor bosses and workers and racketeers and employers and his down-to-earth practica- lity was the factor that settled many labor-management dis- putes. Whereas judges like Black and Douglas claim that the liberties of speech and press guaranteed by the First Am. endment are absolute free- doms. Jastie Goldberg will say that they allow of those exceptions that history and experience have shown to be necessary tor the public wel- fare. Whereas Douglas holds for total and absolute separation of government and religion, my guess is that Goldberg will support those exceptions that have worked out successfully in American history such as government salaries for chap- lains, etc. I sincerely hope that he will be an ardent champion of the rights nf Negroes. On this point I trust he will show very little judicial re- straint. The segregation laws of Southern states make a mockery of the moral law as well as the Constitution and are entitled to no deference or resoect. HE SEEMS TO have a well- balanced concept of the role of government. He is not for "big government." His plan for solution of labor-management disputes was a labor-manage- ment panel similar to the In- dustry Council Plan of recent Popes. In an interview with Harry Flannery in the Catholic World (June, 1961) Goldberg said that the papal encyclicals helped to shape his concept of such a panel. In a talk to the Executives club in Chicago last Feb- ruary, Goldberg announced that the U. S. Government "is going to unhestitatingly assert and define the national interest because after all we regard this to be our obliga- tion to all of the people." But he did not mean that the government would sit down to labor- management bargaining and dictate to the parties. He insisted that it would be up to the unions and management to make decisions and this was none of the government's bus- iness. In the Chicago talk, Gold- berg came out against compul- sory arbitration as a general principle and against price and wage controls. But he said he felt there are other ways than controls to save the public in- terest. The Government might, for instance, do more statistical and economic analyses to ad- vise the people of relevant facts before an agreement is reached It could also do a great deal to make labor and management more conscious of the public interest in any labor- management quarrel. I regret lhat Presidert Ken- nedy did not select a veteran jurist or an outstanding Amer- ican legal srholar for the high court but we can at least re- joice that he named a man of astute mind and practical cam- men sense. Vocation And Mission N the work on the farm the human personality finds every incentive for s e I f- expression, self-develop- ment and spiritual growth. It is a work, therefore, which should be thought of as a voca- tion, a God-giwn mission, an answer to God's call to actuate His providential, saving plan in h:story. It should be thought of, finally, as a noble task, un- dertaken with a view to rais- ing oneself and others to a higher degree of civilization. --Pope John XXIII, Mater et 'Magistra. Solid And Sane View By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSOH, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore ACH week we faithfully read the New Republic. We know many think it considerably left of center so perhaps we have just lost another hundred subscrip- tions or maybe you have lost your beloved columnist! In any case, it is no "pinko" sheet whatever it may have been under the guidance of Henry Wallace, who would now be consider- ed a conservative. professor of government, presuming TNR shares his view, the observation was made that "The UN is simply not equipped to cope with a world in which too many hunting grounds are left open; another aggression justified by anti-colonialism might, this time, provoke extensive bloodshed." Dr. Hoffman was referring to The Congo where he felt the U.N. had sold short the peace- Of It may come as qute a surprise to learn that in these modern times there is a rapidly expanding interest in a form of Rosary devotion which had been all but forgotten since the late Middle Ages. At least a thousand 20th cen- tury Americans have recently begun to pray the Rosary ac- cording to a 15th century method that was once widely popular throughout Western Christendom. In those days (about 1475. 1575 A. D.) there was a spec. ial little thought, or point of meditation, for :-.,.h Hail Mary of the Rosary. People recited these thoughts either before or after praying each Hail Mary. Together 10 of these thoughts told the story of each Mystery. This, of course, is quite dif- ferent from the shorter way that we pray the Rosary today. Nowadays we usually just men- tion the name of the Mystery and rely upon our powers of concentration to keep thinking about the Mystery as we recite the Our Father and the ten Hail Marys for each decade. Though*s Help Many people who have re- cently tried this old medieval method say that continuous cn- centration on each Mystery is easier because the story of the Mystery is distributed bead- by-bead throughout the 10 Hail Marys of each deca2e. These ten little reminders, they say, keep one's mind from wander. ing too far away from the sub- ject of the Mystery that they are meditating upon. On the other hand, people who have tried it point out that it takes a full 15 minutes to pray five decades of the medie- val Rosary, so they doubt that it will ever regain the popular- ity that it had in the late Mid- dle Ages. Yet, for those who wish to pray the Rosary in its full medieval splendor the old bead-by-bead method will be of interest. Rediscovered in Aus*ria The current interest in the ' medieval method began when it was discovered that the towns- folk of an obscure little moun- tain village called Schrocken, high in the Austrian Alps, have continued to pray the old med- ieval Rosary ever since the Middle Ages. It seems that back about 400 years ago their forefathers vowed to pray the Rosary together every week if their village was spared from the ravages of the Black Death. True to their promise, their descendants still gaflaer togeth- er each Sunday to pray the Rosary as it was once prayed throughout the Western World. Uses Scripture Quotations Investigation of their strange way of praying the Rosary inspired the recent publication of a new prayer booklet en- titled the "Scriptural Rosary." In this booklet, which is in- tended for modern use, the little Hail Mary thoughts of the medieval Rosary have been improved by changing some of the meditations so that the ten thoughts for each decade are now drawn directly from the Scriptures This modern version of the old Schrocken Rosary is called the "Scriptural Rosary" be- cause 148 of the 150 meditation points are word-for-word quo- tations from the Old and New Testaments. The ten Scriptural verses for each decade blend together gracefully to tell the Mystery as it is told in the inspired writings of the Old Testament prophets and the New Testament evangelists. For the first time in record- ed history, the Scriptural ac- count of each of the fifteen Mystery stories has been divid- ed into ten parts and applied to the ten Hail Marys of each decade of the Rosary. Thus, the new Scriptural Rosary, though based on the bead-by- bead meditation method of the medieval Rosary, is actually entirely new in the way that it merges the authority of the Scriptures with the beauty'of the Rosary prayers. The complete set of lS0 meditations for all 15 Mys- teries has been published in a pocket-size, 64-page book- let called the "Scriptural Rosary." It is available from the non-profit Scriptural Ros- ary Center, 6 North Michi- gan Avenue, Chicago 2, Ill. The booklet carries the Im- primatur of the Archbishop of Chicago. The Confratern- it.y of Christian Doctrine ver- stun of the Old and New Testaments is used for the scriptural quotations. The booklet also includes an interesting section telling the fascinating but little-known story of the development of the Rosary from its origin in 900 A.D. to the present. The cost of the booklet is $1 for one, 75 cents for 2 to 9 copies, 50 cents each for 10 to 99 cop- ies, and 35 cents each for 100 copies or more. A Saint In India F Holiness means letting Christ live i,n us and act through us, then Mother Teresa, fotmdress of the Congregation of the Mis- sionaries of Charity, is a living saint. The spirit of Christ is revealed in her ascetic, com- passionate and happy features. Shod in leather sandals, draped in traditional w h i t saris with blue bo rder s, Mothcr Teresa and the Sisters of her congregation h a v brought new hope and dig. nity to many thousands of In- dia's disease- ridden a n d starved poor who are without the social services common in Western countries. Called angel and saint India's poor, Mother Teresa depends u,on charity to con- tinue her work. When ques- tioned in the United States last year about how she raises the money, India's Mother of Mer- cy replied, "I go to the wealthy and when I ask them, 'Will you do something b e a u t i f u I for God?' how can they refuse?" Indeed how can any of us? --Prairie Messenger The Liturgy IT is probably due to the his- torical vagaries of the word "liturgy" that the average Catholic either shies away from its use altogether or confines it to the mere outward cere- monies or rubrics of the Mass and the Sacraments. But "It is a total misunderstanding of the true meaning of the liturgy," said Plus XII, "to regard it as the merely external element of worship . . . the outward ex- pression of ceremonial . . . or a mere catalog of rules and regulations issued by the hier- archy of the Church for the conduct of sacred rites." The liturgy is the exercise of Christ's priesthood and the continuation of His redemp- tive work in and by the Church as a whole "It is the integral public worship of the Mystical Body of Jesus Christ, of its Head and of its mem- bers," the Pope said. Indeed, the very name of his encyclical, Mediator Dei, Christ the Mediator, points to the es- sence of the liturgy, Christ's priesthood continued amongst US. I I SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, SIXTEENTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST, MASS: Miserere mihi -- Have mercy on me (Green). CI., Cr., Pref. of Trin. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, OCTOBER 1, COiVlMEMoRATION OF ST. REMIGIUS, BISHOP, CONFES- SOR, MASS as on Sunday (Green). No, GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Rmigius, no Cr., Com. Pref. Or MASS: Statuit -- The Lord made (white). GI. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 2, HOLY GUARDIAN ANGELS, MASS: Benedicite--Bless the Lord (White). G1. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 3, ST. THERESE OF THE IN- Calendar FANT JESUS, VIRGIN, MASS: Veni--come (White). GI. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 4, ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI, CON-, .FESSOR, MASS: Mihi autem --But God forbid (White). GI. FRIDAY, OCTOBER , COM- MEMORATION OF ST. PLA- CID AND COMPANIONS, MAR. TYRS, MASS of 16th Sun. after Pent. (Green). No. Gl., c. of St. Placid and Camp., 2nd Pr. of St. Placid and Camp., no Cr., Com. Pr^f. Or MASS: Salus autem--The salvation of the just (Red). GI. Abstinence. SATURDAY, OCTOBER $, ST, BRUNJ, CONFESSOR, MASS: as justi--The mouth of the just (White). GI. most without notice, he has' stepped deeply into Soviet Communism. We learn this from The Worker of Sep- tember 9. In the early part of that month, the quarter million of Cubans in the sugar cane cooperatives "v o t e d o v e r- whelmingly" to change over to state-owned farms. Although this action covers only about one-third of the cane lands, it is a vital beginning for cam- : piete Sovietization of Cuban Cuba are aimed at destroy- ing not only the Cuban Re- volution, but also the people's movements tor nat- ional liberation all over Latin America, They know that the use of sanctions a- gainst Cuba means for them all intensified repression and attacks against union rights and civil liberties, wage and salary reductions, increased unemployment and a rising cost Of living." ican public opinion." He as- serts that our naval base at Guantanamo is in extreme danger, and that the whole Red tactic is to prevent us from acting, until Castro has built the island into a Soviet stronghold We can, therefore, scarcely let the Communist propaganda (sure to be carried out here by n o n - Communist committees) cause us to do nothing effective again. What we ourselves like about it is its total dedication to the cause it has conceived, its honesty in this context, and, alas, its con- sequent poverty. If the postal rates are raised, it could .go under. To highlight our attitude perhaps we can best quote a letter we sent when we renewed our subscription: "The New Republic is so nice to disagree with." TNR recently spotted what seems to us to be the fundamental error of the policy of the U. N. One could hardly expect Adlal madly to concur but its view is solid and sane, In the person of Stanley Hoffmaa, Harvard ful policies of one of many martyrs to Mrica, Dag Hammarskjold. In our own words, it would x.,'.,r/,';''Y/-''/X'(4''''l'{"-''---'"" appear the U. S. is committed to the U, N. but .._...:...=-d,_.---.---..r.-2__...----._.., the U. N. is nt cmmitted t the U' S" r t _ e./ anything, controlled and confused by a motley membership in which Upper Behru could vote with Lower Pehru in favor of Nehru. Perhaps some of the Yale alumni will ob- ject to our quoting a Harvard professor. To them in their present political bereavement, let us direct one sympathetic question, "What do you hear from Yale these days? Oh? is it still open?" 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D,, J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor