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Catholic Northwest Progress
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September 24, 1965     Catholic Northwest Progress
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September 24, 1965

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Rome Calls St Cabrini Radiologist Manslaughter Charged Baltimore Cardinal ,,,.., 00o.,o.o When it rains, it pours In Alabama !"-Heard on Reluguous when it does, Dr. HA YNEVILLE, Ala. (NC)  A grand jury has Liberty Schema By ,lames C. O'Neil| VATICAN CITY (NC)  Approval of the pro- ....... posed council declaraUon on religious freedom was favored by a majority of the speakers as discussion ':'of the statement's revised text entered its fourth day. Thirteen council Fathers, including nine cardinals, took the .tfloor during the 131st general meeting of the council September 20. At the same meeting voting began on the initial parts of the ._schema on divine revelation. =, Among the speakers of the day was Lawrence Cardinal - Shehan of Baltimore, who declared that the text as it stands " is acceptable in its ideas, structure and style. He urged its adop- .... tion, pointing out that it has been three years in composition ....,and has been discussed at two council sessions. ..... , Cardinal Shehan said that on the contrary, the doctrine in the ":" text can be implicitly found in the teaching of Leo XIII and that ,.it is not a new doctrine. Leo XIII taught that the purpose of the .:..Ehurch and the state differ and that the liberty of the Church from ,-state interference is based on the liberty of the people within the ,,state. Thus his teaching implicitly contained the idea of religious :,'"liberty. Cardinal Shehan cited other teachings of Popes Plus XI, vPius XII and John XXIII along the same lines. ...... ; The cardinal also advocated prompt passage of the document, together with an official explanation, so that its doctrine is clearly ,..understood. Agreeing with Cardinal Shehan that the document should be .=,accompanied by an explanation was Auxiliary Bishop Thomas :.Muldoon of Sydney, Australia. He said that the introductory report "'in the document, which was read by Bishop Emile De Smedt of Bruges, Belgium, on the opening day of discussion, was in parts .,, clearer than the text of the declaration. He suggested that parts of .the report be appended to the declaration so that there would be .... no confusion concerning the precise teaching of the declaration :, and so that it would not give the impression that man is free to accept false religions but only that the state cannot interfere with his choice. The tenor of the day's debate was decidedly favorable to the document, with only the major criticism of the text coming from Michael Cardinal Browne, OP, of the Roman curia and Arch- bishop Marcel Lefebvre, superior general of the Congregation of the Holy Spirit. Two Iron Curtain prelates--Stolen Cardinal Wyszynski, ...... Primate of Poland, and Josef Cardinal Beran of Prague--both favored the document, as did Aguelo Cardinal Rossi of Sao Paulo, Brazil, speaking in the name of 62 Brazilian bishops. ; Observers at the council pointed out that while over the past ' four days of debate, the speeches favoring or against the declara- tion seemed to be about 50-50, that this is not exactly correct. They pointed out that speeches by Fathers speaking in the name of many other bishops--such as the one by Cardinal Rossi-- have been highly favorable to the document. Those opposing it have been generally speaking in their name alone. The day opened with the Gospel enthroned by Archbishop John J. Krol of Philadelphia. Mass was celebrated by Archbishop i Luis Aponte Martinez of San Juan, Puerto Rico, for the 2,204 Fathers present. i Lead-off speaker of the day was 3oseph Cardinal Lefebvre of .Bourges, France. The cardinal, who is considered by many to be rather conservative in bis views, presented a strong defense of the document and challenged many of the criticisms aimed at it by those who oppose it. He took up objections point by point and answered them. To those who say it opens the way to subjectivism and in- differentism, he answered that the text clearly states that it is /" dealing with the problem of the civil liberty of man to seek re- ligious truth and expressly condemns religious indifference and affirms man's obligation to seek the truth. To those who say that the text runs the risk of weakening the teaching that there is only one true religion and one true church, he pointed out that the text clearly underlines this teaching. To those who worry that the text will lead to spreading re- ligious error, he replied that the declaration will be an effective "barrier against dishonest propaganda. As for those who object " that it will diminish missionary ardor, Cardinal Lefebvre noted " that where there is an absence of religious freedom there are to iii be found obstacles placed against the preaching of the Gospel. To those who say the document gives rise to a false human- ism or is in conflict with the Church's earlier teaching, he an-  .swered that the declaration stresses man's need to seek God and .... that it is necessary to take into account the evolution of cir- .. cumstances through the centuries. Cardinal Wyszynski said the declaration is in the interest ,. of all and should be issued by the council in the name of the teaching Church. He said the world today is composed of two :camps--those countries whose governments are based on Chris- "tian principles and those which are based on dialectual ." materialism. In the latter states, the cardinal declared, the only principle followed is that of the good of the class, permitting no rights ' to "the individual unless the state judges them compatible or Owen Martin is very pleased, for it all showers on St. Frances Xavier Cabrini Hos- pital. He literally is in love with this Seattle Catholic hospital where hs has been its director of radiology since 1957. The 43-year-old X-ray head is now attending the Ilth Inter- national Congress of Radiology in Rome. There before more than 1,000 X-ray doctor special- ists from every country in the world, including those in Com- munist hands, he will present a paper and a scientific exhibit. His topic will be "Double Catheter Method of Selective Cerebral Angiogrhphy" and will be earmarked for the congress' neuro-radiology or brain X-ray section. This is a first not only for the doctor from St. Teresa's Parish but also for a staff member of St. Cabrini Hos- pital. His talk and exhibit is a dif- ferent topic from that of the scientific exhibit he and his as- sociate, Dr. LeLand L. Burnett, had presented at the 76th an- nual convention of the Wash- ington State Medical Associa- tion two weeks ago in Seattle. That Martin-Burnett exhibit won for the hospital first prize and the Aesculapius Award. The Rome presentation will tell a method, improvised and successfully performed by Dr. Martin for brain X-rays. The double catheterization is basic- ally the insert of one plastic tube into another from the pa- tient's groin into a branch of the aorta. The system is designed to place selectively the catheter in each of 'the four arteries that supply blood to the brain. Material is injected which shows well on C-rays to demon- strate the blood supply of di- sease, involving the brain. Thus far, this method has not been recorded nor is it a routine. Congress officials were impressed with Dr. Mar. fin's findings and the report of catheterization successes and thus invited him to share this knowledge with his col- leagues from all over the world. The congress, meeting last in 1962 at Montreall assembles only once every three years in a different country. Dr. Martin sity and then .went to Yakima attended the 1962 meet. At to do general practice. Rome will be another N o r t h- Specializing in radiology for westerner, presenting a paper, oneyear at Boston's New Eng- Josef Cardinal Beta n, exiled Archbishop of Prague, spoke (Sept. 20) in +he council urging freedom of conscience for all peoples. Long pre- vented by the Czechoslo- vak government from exercising his duties, the Cardinal spoke from per- sonal experience and was applauded by the Council Fathers. (NC). Shown is the scientific exhiblf of Dr. Owen Martin, director of radiology at St. Frances Cabrini Hospital, Scuffle, and hfs assistant, Dr. Le/and L. Burneff, that was fudged the outstanding scientific exhibit at the 1965 annual meeting of the Washington State Medical Association at the Olympic Hotel in Scuffle. The exhibit demonstrates the principle and results of a specialized x-rpy apparatus manufactured in Europe which has been in operation at St. Cabrlni Hospital for the past six months. An ordinary X-ray sees completely through the body, but by means of this machine, radiologists can obtain very thin, accurate X-ray slices of various sections of the body. He is Dr. Melvin M. Figley, professor and chairman of the department of radiology at the University of Washington Med- ical School. The outcome of Dr. Martin's double catheter method has come, as he says, from the planning of the Missionary Sis- ters of the Sacred Heart. "The Sisters have supplied us with unusual good equip- ment to work with it," the doctor said. Citing the work of the hospi. tal and its resulting effects on the public community, he con- tinued: "If we have any special in- terest in the radiology depart- ment, it is in brain and blood vessel problems. St. Cabrini is a leader in this field among private hospitals in the area. It is excellent in arterio.catb eterizations." "People, especially our own Catholic people, should take a second look at our Catholic hospitals and at St. Cabrini. They are performing real servlees for the community in research, study and new find- ings," he added. Secretary of the Washington State Radiological Society, Dr. Martin is a native of Spokane where he attended Lewis and Clark High School and Gonzaga University. He received his doctorate at St. Louis .Univer- land Medical Center and three Accompanying him to Rome years at the University of will be his wife, Fern. Michigan, Dr. Martin also Awaiting their return from served in the US Navy. This Europe are their eight chil- will be Dr. Martin's first trip dren at home, 3617 E. Marion abroad. St. They are Chris, 15, Seattle For the second time in the past three years, Dr. Owen Martin (left), director of radi. elegy at St. Cabrinl Hospital in Seattle, captured the Aesculapius Award for the most outstanding scientific exhibit at the annual scientific meeting of the Washington State Medical Association. Co-author of the winning exhibit was Dr. Martin's assistant, Dr. Leland L. Burneff. Dr. Martin receives the award from Dr. Alexander H. Bill Jr., Seattle, chairman of the State Medical Association Scientific Exhibits Committee. In- cluded with the award is a blue ribbon, plaque and $200 cash prize. Prep sophomore; Mike, 13, Betsy, 12, Nancy, I0, Doug, 8, all pupils at St. Teresa's School; Peter, 4; Mimi, 3; and Ricky, three months. Monsicjnor Einaudi Named Sound Of Music To Apostolic Delegation In The Missions WASHINGTON (NC) -- Msgr. Giulio Ei, naudi has been assigned by the Holy See to serve as secretary of the apqstolic delegation here, Archbishop Efidio Vagnozzi, apostolic delegate in the United States, announced. Archbishop Vagnozzi also an- nounced that the Very Re,. Thomas R. Gallagher OP, sec- retary of the apostolic delega- tion here, has been named a peritus of Vatican Council II. Monsignor Einaudi, who was born at San Damiano (Cunee), Italy, Feb. 11, 1928, and was ordained in .the caPnedral of Saluzzo June 29, 1951, comes to Washington after serving for five years as secretary of the cardinal Beran declared: "So history also warns us that in this council the principle of religious liberty and of liberty of conscience must be enunciated in very clear terms andwith- cut restrictions which migh t stem from opportunistic motives." t, , useful to the class. There is no firm principle except that the end justifies the means, He asked the council not to diminish the declaration but to !i The Polish Primate said that when these states enter into add to it an appeal to all governments to grant their citizens - agreements with the Church it is their attitude that it is the religious freedom and to free priests and laymen who are in Church which is obliged to follow the provisions of the agree- : meat. Thus when priests or others hold onto traditional views and methods of action, they are branded as reactionay, while in truth they are holding onto life. As an example, he pointed to the text of Pope John's en- d' cyclical, Pacem in Terris, that was universally applauded but not universally interpreted in the same way by all. When some interpreted its teaching in a way contrary to the state view, they have been accused of deforming the Pope's thought. .i Cardinal Wysznski asked for clear notions of the concepts of the concepts of the fights of the state and of liberty since there are great parts of the world governed by regimes which follow principles profoundly at variance with Christian and classical ,. traditions. Y Rufino Cardinal Santos of Manila asked that the declaration begin not with the recounting of historical facts but by pro- claiming the principle of submission to God and man's relation to God. He asked that the schema also treat of the rights of religious groups and associations as well as those of individuals. He said he wanted it to stress the positive obligation of man to worship God. He added that only the Catholic Church has received from God the duty and right to preach the Gospel. When Cardinal Beran rose to speak, he was greeted with loud applause in tribute to his long trials in Czechoslovakia. Al- though applause is forbidden in the council hall, the"day'e mod- crater, Gregurio Pietro cardinal Agugianian, was heard to say: "hone, bone" (good, good). Cardinal Beran said the declaration "is of great moment both theologically and practically." He drew on his personal experience in Red-ruled Czechoslovakia. "From the very ,moment in which freedom of conscience was radically restricted in my country, I witnessed the grave tempta- tions which under such circumstances confront so many. In my whole flock, even among priests, I have observed not only grave temptations to faith, but also to lying, hypocrisy and other moral vices which easily corrupt people who lack true freedom of conscience." Recalling that even the Catholic Church has restricted religious freedom in the past, such as the 15th-century burning of John Huss and the 17th contury's forced reconversion of a great part of the Czech people, he said the secular arm carried this out "wishing or pretending to serve the Catholic Church, but in reality it left a hidden wound in the hearts of the people." apostolic delegation in Bang- kok, Thailand. Following h i s ordination, Monsignor Einaudi made stu- dies in theology at the Gre. gorian University in Rome, in canon law at the Lateran Uni- versity in Rome, and attended the Pontificia Accademia Ec- clestica for Diplomatic Prac- tice. He also studied civil law at the Civil University of Rome. He holds doctorates in theology and canon law and a diploma in diplomacy. He was vicar at the ca- , thedrai of Saluzzo from 1951 to 1954; studied in Rome from 1954 to 1960, and served in the delegation at Bangkok from 1960 to the present. NEGROS, Philippines -- For the past 15 years Columban Father Jeremiah O'Connor has been teaching his love for music as a sideline to his mis- sion career. The students of Binalbagan College here will produce Rod- gers and Hammerstein's "The Sound of Music" this fall under Father O'Connor's direction. He plans to follow this with Sigmund Romberg's "Student Prince." In the past he bas produced "Peter Pan" and sev- eral of Gilbert and Sullivan's operettas. The busy Columban mission- ary is chaplain of one of the largest sugar centrals in the East, Biscom Central, Binal- bagan, with 7,000 Catholics. there are even greater dangers in a regime of non-liberty. Where freedom of religion is lacking, he said, the peaceful coexistence Of citizens is impossible and mutual trust is lacking. Religious liberty is a condition for the effective ecumenical and missionary activity of the Church, he said. Where Catholics are a minority, they can base their actions only on the power of the word of God, poverty and the testimony oft he Christian life of the laity, Cardinal Cardijn concluded. A major critic of the text, Archbishop Lefebvre, said its doc- trine must be rejected because it is based on principles developed outside of the Catholic Church. He traced these principles to the philosophers Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau. He called for a defense of the traditional teaching of the Church and of the teaching authority of the Church, saying that the text as it stands tends to pay greater tribute to con- science than to the Church's teaching authority. He disagreed with Cardinal Shehan and said the text contradicts the teaching of Leo XIII. Bishop John Gran of Oslo, Norway, a convert, said the declaration shows the sincerity of the Catholic Church to the whole world and said that if it is not approved, it will cause scandal in Scandinavia. He favored approval and promulgation, warning that it would be a mistake to deny religious freedom in the guise of respecting religion. Bishop Antonio Anoveros Ataun of Cadiz, Spain, called for setting the exact limits of religious liberty. He said the state has the right to limit the right of religious freedom to safeguard a political good, that is the public peace; a moral good, that is the defense of public morality; or a civil good, that is the har- mony of citizens in the exercise of their legitimate rights. The text must spell out the details or limits of these in each of the situations, he said. He suggested it might be well to put the text before a new subcommission composed of jurists, theologiatls and experts in matters of public right. He also called for a change in the title, suggesting "Civil Liberty in Religious Matters." The votes taken on the initial sections of the schema on divine revelation were as follows: First vote--concerning the fact that the schema win deal with doctrine on revelation and its transmission and define the nature and object of revelation--yes, 2,175; no, 19; null, 5. Second vote--expounding on the preparation for revelation in the Old Testament and showing that Christ completes revelation and establishes a new and definite alliance--yes, 2,180; no, 0; null, 3. Third vote--expounding on the revelation received by means of the faith and with the assistance of the Holy Spirit, and deal- ing with revealed truth and its relating of man to God--yes, 2,049; no, 20; null, 2. prison for religious activities.  He also asked that bishops and priests impeded from ful- filling their office be allowed to return to their flocks, Cardinal Beran has not been able to return to Prague since he came to Rome for the consistory in February. Owen Cardinal McCann of Cape Town, South Africa, urged that the text be accepted and left substantially unchanged. But he also asked that there be more emphasis on the moral obliga- tion man has to conform to the dictates of his conscience and to seek the truth and God. He also said he wanted it to be made clear that where a church enjoys a privileged position or is a state church, there should be no special burden of any kind imposed on others of different faiths. Cardinal Rossi said he found the text worthy of praise be- cause of its opportuneness, its structure and its depth. He asked, however, that some pastoral characteristics be added as guide- lines for bishops and clergy. He asked that two elements he omitted from the text as it stands. One is the section dealing with the privileged status for religion and the second is the one dealing with the his- torical details of the past. He said that present historical studies show there is not sufficient information for a full and complete picture. Cardinal Browne proposed a re-synthesizing of the text, taking into account the teachings of the popes. He said that in regard to the dignity of the human person, man's greatest dignity con- sists in his elevation to the supernatural order. Therefore, it is necessary to defend the Faith and impede the preaching of other religions not founded on supernatural faith, he said, adding: "Authorities in Catholic countries know that preserving the Church works for the greatest benefit of their citizens and that spreading other religions in a Catholic nation is a violation of public morality because it is contrary to the right of Catholic citizens and endangers the Faith. One cannot expose to danger, but must rather defend, the faith of Catholic citizens and of their children." Joseph Cardinal Cardijn, founder of the Young Christian Workers, heartily approved the declaration. He said 60 years of experience in working with youth have convinced him of the need for a solemn and clear proclamation on civil liberty in religious matters. Noting that there are dangers in a regime of liberty, he said Knights to Be McChord Guests McCHORD AIR F 0 R CE BASE- Knights of Columbus from Tacoma and St. Frances Cabrini Councils in Tacoma will be guests of Catholic personnel and dependents here Sunday, Oct. 103o observe mark Colum- bus Day observances. Communion breakfast will follow in the Non-Commissioned Officers Open Mess. indicted a local deputy sheriff on a manslaughter charge in the August 20 fatal shooting of an Episcopal semi- narian. Conviction of the c h a r g e carries a maximum penalty of 10 years in prison. The Lowndes County jury's indictment drew expressions of "shock and amazement" from Alabama Atty. Gen. Richmond Flowers, who said he thought the indictment should "cor- rectly and properly" be for first-degree murder. Accused of fatally shooting Jonathan Daniels, 26, of Keene, N.H., is Tom Coleman, a loc. ally prominent highway engi. near who is a "special' dep- uty in county police affairs. Coleman is also accused of shooting Father Richard Mor- rmroe, 26, a Chicago Cath. olic priest who had partici. pater with Daniels in civil rights demonstrations in this area. Father Morrisroe, suffering from a massive shotgun wound in the abdomen, remains con. fined in Baptist Hospital, Mont- gomery. He is described by I hospital authorities September 'qm 16 as "doing very well," but facing an undetemined recov- ery period. The grand jury indicted Cole- man on an assault and battery charge in the wounding of Father Morrisroe, a priest from St. Columbanus parish in Chi- cago. The charge carries a top penalty of one year in jail and a $500 fine. Attorney G e n e r a I Flowers said he would attempt to re- lieve Lowndes County authori-I ties of responsibility in the case of the seminarian. But Cole- man's trial on the manslaught- er charge is set for September 28 and may be over before Flowers can take necessary legal steps and secure a new indictment. "The failure to b r i n g a first-degree murder charge against the accused appears to be an abdication of grand jury responsibility," Flowers said. He appointed Joe Gantt, his top criminal investigator, to as- sist the circuit solicitor in seeking an indictment for mur- der. Daniels and Father Morrisroe were shot outside a weather- beaten Hayneville g r o c e r store. They, along with sev- eral Negro companions, had shortly before ' been released from jail on charges related to a civil rights demonstration. The trial of Coleman, who is free under a $12,500 bond, is scheduled to begin ene day aft- er three Ku Klux Klansmen go on trial for the nightrider slay- ing of Mrs. Viola Liuzzo, al Catholic mother from Detroit who came to Selma last March to join Negro voting rights demonstrations. 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