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Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
September 13, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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September 13, 1963

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Official Ember Days ..... Pastors and others concerned are asked to re- mind the faithful on Sunday, September 15, that Wed- nesday, Friday and Saturday, September 18, 20 and 21, are Ember Days. Wednesday and Saturday are days of fast and partial abstinence, i:e., meat may be taken at the principal meal; Friday is a day of fast and complete abstinence. Dispensation From Fast And Abstinence A dispensation from the law of fast and abstin- ence is hereby granted to all who will be in attend- ance at the Western Washington Fair in Puyallup Wednesday, Friday and Saturday, September 18, 20 and 21, 1963. Postures At Mass To the Clergy, Religious and Laity of the Archdiocese: Your attention i,s directed to a revised order of Mass postures for the laity which appears in this current issue of the Catholic Northwest Progress• These postures have already been indicated on the Archdiocesan Mass Participation Card published in 1959 and re-pubKshed several times since that year. The Reverend Pastors and Chaplains are now requested to call these more correct postures to the attention of their people and, where they are not al- ready in use, to introduce them at all Masses cele- brated throughout the Archdiocese of Seattle• In the interests of a uniform and orderly parti- cipation of the Holy Sacrifice, the revised order of Mass postures is to be adopted ixnmediately. For your guidance and convenience, the Catholic North- :.west Progress is printing on Page One a short form of the revised order which may be clipped and in- serted in your Missal. .J. United Good Neighbor Campaign Dearly Beloved in Christ: Our Blessed Lord repeatedly points out to us in :the Gospel our obligation of charity to our neighbor. Charity is to be the distinguishing mark of a Christian• "By this will all men know that you are my disciples," Christ said, "if you have love for one another" (St, John 13:35). Hence, again this fall I wish to recom- mend to your generous support the various United Good Neighbor and United Fund campaigns that are now being conducted in the communities of the Arch- diocese• Not only do I urge that you support these campaigns with your contributions, but also by volun- teering your time and efforts to make them success- ful. Your support of these campaigns will fulfill your obligation under the law of charity. No other campaign in any community makes so vital an appeal for the varied needs of so many peo- ple--the crippled, the blind, defenseless children, the emotionally disturbed, and countless others. The fact ythat these people may not be related to you, or be of your religion, of your race or nationality, does not ex- cuse you from offering your help. In the parable of the Good Samaritan, Christ clearly points out our obliga- tion to our neighbor in need, whomever he may be. Your support of these campaigns and your work on their behalf is truly an act of Christian charity to your :neighbor in need. } While we are all obliged to perform personal acts of charity to those around us who are in need, our personal acts of charity cannot fulfill our total obli- gation. Often we are not in a position to see the needs of others, even though they live close by in the same town. If we do see those needs, too often we must admit that our own efforts, as great as they may be in time and money and energy, are not sufficient•' Only when we join our efforts with those of others can we effectively bring relief. You can be assured that the distribution of funds raised in these cam- paigns and the supervision of the various agencies that spend them provide a most efficient and eco- nomic way of fulfilling an obligation incumbent on all of us. Further, your wholehearted participation in these community efforts will stand as an example of charity to all in your community. Nothing better exemplifies the Faith, its truth and its effect in the lives of men than good example. Your support of these campaigns should be a beacon of charity lighting the way for others to follow• I would also remind you that a number of our own agencies unite their appeals to these United Good Neighbor and United Fund campaigns. Among them are the Catholic Children's Services, CYO, Home of the Good Shepherd, Briscoe Memorial School, St. Ann's Home, Villa Maria Maternity Service, St. Paul's Children's Homes and the Catholic Seamen's Club. Each of these in its own way works with the many other agencies in our communities to meet human needs. I can personally assure you of the excellent job they are doing and the efficient way in which they are run. These agencies, together with the others who work with them in your community, deserve your help. May Almighty God reward you with the bles- sings He promises for acts of charity done in His name for your support of these worthwhile cam- paigns. Devotedly yours in Christ, Archbishop of Seattle N.B. The foregoingis to be read at all Masses in all churches and chapels of the Archdiocese in Clark, King, Skagit, Snohomish and Whatcom Counties, as well as in the cities of Aberdeen and Hoquiam. September 13, 1963. Lay Retreat Schedule The Palisades Visitation Retreat (Men's ReLze Huue) (Women's Retreat House) Septemb er 20-22 St. Patrick, Seattle Our Lady of the Lake, Seattle St. Francis of Assist, Seahurst September 27-29 St. Patrick, Tacoma St. Joseph, Lynden St. Michael, Snohomish St. Peter, Suquamish Fr;ch 7, sept. 13, 19b3 TE PROGRESS3 Father Treacy00WritesOf Visit To Moscow By Rev. William Treacy The 35 citizen ambassadors from Seattle arrived in Moscow Sunday, August 18 on a SAS jet caravelle from Copenhagen by way of Stockholm, Sweden. As soon as the plane came to a halt two policemen entered, one took up his position at the front door of the plane and one at the rear. As we left the plane and each policeman carefully scrutinized the passport picture with the passenger before allowing him to enter Russia. It took a couple of hours to complete im- migration and customs formali- ties before we reached our headquarters, the Hotel Ukraine. Built five years ago, this 32 story building is the second highest in Moscow. Mos- cow University is the highest and, according to our guide, has over a thousand rooms, making it the largest in Europe. The architecture and fittings are obsolete by American stan- dards. The following morning most of our group enjoyed a one day trip to Leningrad. Rabbi Levine and I went to the American Embassy which is near the hotel. I was anxious to meet Father Joseph Richard the As- Mass at 8 a.m. daily and at 9 a.m. Sunday. He also cele- brates two Masses Sunday, at 10:45 and at noon in the Argentine Embassy. He is the Apostolic Administrator for the diocese of Moscow. There is another Catholic priest at the Church of St. Louis in Moscow which is tole- rated by the authorities, two in Leningrad, one in Tiflis and one in Odessa. It was my privilege to cele- brate Mass on three occasions in the chapel of Our Lady of Hope. On the morning of August 22, the feast of the Immacu- late Heart of Mary I cele- brated Mass at 7:30 and then assisted at the Mass of Father Richard. Later a woman from the Bel- gian embassy, Marie Elizabeth Isaye rode down in the elevator with me. She had assisted at Mass and agreed to drive me back to the Ukraine Hotel. She told me that she was now serv- ing as secretary to the Belgian ambassador, but that her heart was in the Congo where she had worked for many years. Rabbi Levine had met the first secretary of the Congo Embassy in Moscow Antoine Efformi, and introduced me to him. He is a Catholic and his sumptionist priest who by treaty wife had worked in the Legion is allowed to minister to Cath- of Mary in the Congo. I invited olics in the American and other them to join me on the evening embassies. Fortunately he drop- ped into the embassy while I was present. The Assumptionist Fathers had been working in Moscow for many years prior to the Revolution, so by tradition an Assumptionist has been the official priest to minister to the embassy personnel ever s i n c e diplomatic relations were established with Russia. In his apartment is a small chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Hope where he celebrates of August 22, which was our last night in Moscow. Listening to Marie Elizabeth Isaye speak so enthusiastical- ly-about the Congo I invited her to join me with the secre- tary. At first she hesitated be- cause of the relations of the Belgians and Congolese. When I assured her that secretary Efformi had been educated in Brussels and that he and his wife were practical Catholics, she accepted. The four of us had a very REV. WILLIAM TREACY People-To-People Tour enjoyable two hours of People- to-People in the dining room of the Hotel Ukraine. It so hap- pened that Marie Elizabeth had served as a social worker in the town where Mr. and Mrs. Ef- formi had lived, though they had never met. I also learned that Antoine and his very young looking wife had eight children and that she had been honored by the Belgian government as an ideal Congolese mother. We all parted more concious of the bonds that unite us through our faith and the need to work for better understanding and brotherhood among men. As we were discussing these thoughts in the dining room we could observe representatives of many races and nations around us in the Communist capital. At the next table were seven eager young Africans from Uganda who had received free transportation and tuition for five years at the Patrice Lumumba University which, as a branch of Moscow University, caters to African students and hopes to send them back to their own countries as dedicated followers of the philosophy of MaPx and Lenin. It was difficult during the brief stay to make contact with the Russians and to evaluate their lot at first hand or to communicate with them. We were fortunate in having a group meeting with U. S. Am- bassador, Fay Kohler and two members of his staff. The ambassador addressed us for about 20 minutes while his aides answered our questions. Ambassador Kohler served in the embassy in 1948 while Stalin was alive. He pointed out that at that time there was a crack- down on writers and artists who were deviating from the party line. The offending ones either immediately confessed t h e i r party sins or were sent to Si- beria. Recently there was a similar crackdown but this time there was some open opposi- tion to the Party policy. This and other factors point to a gradual evolution which gives some grounds for hope though in his words, " it is a system contrary to ours which is based on the Judaeo-Christ- inn concept of man. We must study it, for our children and probably grandchildren will have to live with it. At first sight it appears to be falling apart but there is a gradual incline upwards taking a long perspective view." Many of our group were impressed by the signs of economic growth and development. Jack Matlock, political officer at the embassy for the past two years, explained, in answer to a question I asked about re- ligion and the new contacts of the Russian Orthodox Church with the Vatican, that a person can be prosecuted under the civil code for giving religious instruction. The regime has closed many churches. At pro-' . • :: +y: .... : Mexican National , i ! In ;" ....  ........ i" ...... : :.: Rome MEXICO CITY (NC)--Mexi. co's Bishops have issued a joint ..... :':i! pastoral letter announcing the creation of a Mexican National College in Rome. The Bishops lauded the work of the Montezuma Seminary in New Mexico, set up by the U.S. McGuire & Muri, Architects, Sketch of Convent Planned for Sacred Heart Parish, Tacoma 1936 to train priests Convent Planned At Sacred Heart for Mexicoatatimewhenthe Church in that country was suf- TACOMA  The Most R e v e r e n d Archbkshop Thomas A. Connolly has announced that the bid for the construction of the new con- vent at Sacred Heart Parish has been let to Merit Com- pany, Tacoma, for $97,680. Architects are -McGuire & Muri, A.I.A., Architects, also of Tacoma. The two story building with full basement will fea- ture eight bedrooms with built-in wardrobes, one of which will be used as the convent office temporarily, The first floor will have two conference parlors with a ves- tibule; combination d i n i n g room and community room with fireplace; "U" kitchen and pass pantry, store room, locker room, chapel and double carport. The second floor will be liv- ing quarters for the Sisters of Charity of Providence who staff the school. The basement will include a recreation room with fire- place, laundry and store rooms. The roof will be built of slate coated built-up roof and the interior walls and ceilings will be lath and plas- ter painted throughout. Floor coverings will be asphalt tile fering persecution, and the and carpeting and exterior Latin American College in Rome. walls will be brick veneer and rough sawn cedar. Vietnamese Prelate Other bids received (all from Tacoma contractors) were: in New York Strom Construction Co., Inc., $97,800; McKasson Brothers Construction Co., $99,900; War- ter Construction Co., $100,000; Goettling Construction Co., $100,760; Lincoln Construction Co., $101,700; Jardeen Brothers, Inc., $101,856; G. Kirkebo & Son, Inc., $104,500; Fitzpatrick- McIntyre, $105,800; and Con- struction Engineers and Con- tractors, $106,240. R O M E (NC) -- Archbishop Mgo Dinh Thuc of Hue, brother "of Vietnamese President Mgo Dinh Diem, left Rome Wednes- day to fly to New York• He gave no reason for leav- ing and did not say when he will return. He said the Vatican or- dered him not to discuss the situation in his country while outside of the country. sent there are 33 operating in Moscow when with half that population there were 400 prior to the revolution. Religion is also adversely affected by the closing of seminaries and the constant anti-religious indoctrin- ation of youth. In regard to contacts with the Vatican he expressed the opinion that for its own reasons the government had approved of these contacts or they could never take place. While in Moscow I had dinner with a young man from the Norwegian e m b a s s y, Tore Borreson whose friend Per Hal- vorsen in Copenhagen had given me a letter of introduction to him. Mr. Borreson is a very dedicated young Lutheran who attends the Baptist Church in Moscow. There are about 3,000 worshippers at the two hour service each Sunday. It was his opinion that the Orthodox Church needs an "aggiorna- mento" or bringing up to date before it could have an appeal to the youth. This is a subject which I would like to comment on in greater detail when I describe a visit which I made with Dr. Carson, Dean Left- ler and Father George Hirsch- boeck to the headquarters of the Orthodox Chureh in Zagorsk, which is about 50 miles northeast of Moscow. Father Hirschboeck is a MaryknoU priest, a pastor in Kyoto, Japan on his way home for a vacation to Milwaukee. He is the first priest the Russ- ians allowed to travel from Vladivostok through Siberia by rail to Moscow in 35 years. We celebrated Mass together each day in Moscow. From conversa- tions with Russians on the train in distant areas he found them more willing to talk and even to criticize the regime than in the Moscow area. Several of them told him that the Orthodox Churches were filled to capacity on Sundays. One of the reactions of our Vietnam Prelate Denies News Charges ROME, Sept. 12 (Radio, NO --Archbishop Pierre Ngo dinh Thuc of Hue, Vietnam, has de- nied remarks attributed to him by two Rome newspapers, ac- cording to a third paper• The Archbishop, brother of Vietnamese President Ngo dinh Diem, told the Rome D a i I y American that he had not told the daffy II Tempo that he had come to Europe in advance of the ecumenical council'a sec- ond session to visit various countries and give his account of Vietnam's recent disorders involving the government and Buddhists. According to the Daily American, the Archbishop does not plan to leave Rome before the session's start. The Archbishop of Hue flew to the United States from Rome for a "one or two day visit" with two friends, Francis Cardinal Spellman and Bishop Fulton J, Sheen. group and of the different em- bassy people with whom I visit- ed is best expressed by Am- bassador Kohler: "Communism presents us with a daily challenge to know and defend the values or our society which we so frequently take for granted." Celebrating Mass each morn. ing with a statue of Our Lady of Fatima beside the altar in the chapel of Our Lady of Hope, one realizes that one cannot fight Communism without pray- er and the penance needed to live a truly Christian life. We must pray for the Russian people and also for another important group of people in Russia, the members of our embassies that they may by their lives know, defend and live the truths which the Declaration of Independence tells us are 'self evident", the existence of a Creator who gives us our rights and who by His Providence watches over us. As we said goodbye to our charming g u i d e, Valentina Kotlaraskaya, she told me how worried she was about her hus- band who returned the night before from a vacation by the Black Sea with a high tempe- rature, and how she stayed up all night to nurse him. As we had breakfast at the Moscow airport, I explained to her what religion can do in such critical circumstances. "I understand" she said. It may have been a polite answer. Would that Val- entina and her fellow country- men could understand in her heart. Within the Kremlin walls are three beautiful churches now preserved as museums. The largest is the Church of the Assumption built in 1489 in which the Czars were crowned. The second largest was also dedicated to Our Lady of the Annunciation in 1489 as a family church for the Czars and in 1609 they built a third church within the Kremlin (which means fortress) in honor of St. Michael the Archangel, the patron saint of Russia. It was my privilege to ex- plain to our guide what the Assumption really means. In spite of being able to refer to it her questions put to me privately indicated a sincere interest in its meaning and significance. Evidently s h e had never heard the true facts about her wonderful religious heritage. One day Father Hirschbock, Father Richard and I walked into the National Hotel to have lunch. The manager was quite puzzled by our clerical dress and asked what we were. We told him that we were Cath- olic priests. Until then we were unable to get a table. He im- mediately became friendly and got us a table by ourselves where we had a quiet visit. In telling the rest of the group about the incident, Ed Pratt of the Urban League made an apt remark. "Somebody remember- ed a few facts•" With God's help we hope enough people in Russia re- member the facts of Christian- ity and teach them to their children, until freedom returns. Postures At Mass Defined For Laity' (Continued from Page 1) contribute an active liturgical participation in virtue of the baptismal character". The layman then,'by reason of his Baptism and his in- corporation into the Body of Christ, also has been "ordained" to participate in the Sacrifice of the Mass. Congregational participation at holy Mass no longer is some- thing to be begrudgingly conceded or reluctantly accepted. It may no longer be shrugged off as a mere arbitrary gimmick which may or may not be fostered according to the bent of the individual bishop or pastor. The fairy's duty of active participa- tion at Mass is gradually being established as law. But--and what is even more functional--the law itself is here only the formal promulgation of these sacred rights and duties which by our theology the laity already possess within the Church at worship. • . . This brief recasting of the underlying reasons for popular participation should help to explain why His Excellency Archbishop Connolly has now directed that our attention be called to a more correct order for standing, sitting and kneel- ing at holy Mass. The Church, with her profund understanding for the place of outward signs and symbols within the sacramental order, has ever expressed her reverence before God not only the sung or spoken word, but also--among other means--even by bodily posture. Each ceremonial movement, each slightest gesture of the priest celebrant at the altar is carefully prescribed by the Roman Rubrics. And this not for the mere sake of "ritual", but that each of the priest's postures in turn might also better ex- press every new sentiment or present thought within the devel- oping action of the Mass. The 1958 Instruction expressly states too that the partici- pation of the people should also include such well ordered acts. It numbers "bodily posture (kneeling, standing, sitting) and ceremonial gestures" among the necessary outward modes of participation. What is definitely at stake here is far more than mere eti- quette or a few polite niceties of church behavior. If indeed the people were only "strangers or mute spectators" at Mass and if the Mass was only a mystic rite which involved but the clergy exclusively, then the postures to be proposed for the onlookers in the pews would hardly trouble us. But if the laity do have a real and an active share in the Mass--and the Church has ruled that they do- then their own postures (like those of the celebrant) in fact take on a real significance. The congregation's order for standing, sitting and kneeling obviously should also correspond to and properly express that positive role now as- signed for the "holy people" within each new part of the Mass. Now what have been called (though quite incorrectly) the "traditional postures"--e.g., kneeling until the Gospel--in fact date only from the other times and place where congregational participation had already long since been abandoned. These pos- tures then actually presume non-participation, a passive laity, and sometimes bear little resemblance to the reality of the Mass Given any understanding of the Mass, what sense at all does it make say for people to remain kneeling when the Epistle is being read to them for their instruction? This vio- lates common sense as much as if the people were to remain kneeling throughout the sermon! Or how can the people under- stand the tremendous upward movement of the Mass when they are still seated after the great prayer of the 'Canon has already begun? Since 1959 then, and the publication of our "second stage" participation card, the Seattle Archdiocesan Commission on Sacred Music and Liturgy, with the approval and endorsement of the Most Reverend Archbishop, has encouraged what would seem to be a more correct and appropriate series of postures for the people. These postures were hardly invented by the local committee. They represent rather that order which quite gen- erally is being adopted throughout the Church now in many areas where there exists a healthier liturgical awareness. As the Church to date has not yet published any final code of rubrics to govern the precise deportment of the people at Mass, these postures have largely been developed -- with only one or two minor accommodations for the laity--from the official direc- tives laid down for the clergy when they form the congregation at Mass. (These same "choir rubrics" were again delineated and given the full stature of law by Pope John XXIII's 1960 revi- sion of the Roman Rubrics.) These common sense postures then conform to the most authentie traditions of our liturgy. They acknowledge the lalty's rightful place within the Mass and they relate always to those special roles assigned for the congregation. There are three possible postures for the laity at Mass: standing, sitting and kneeling. STANDING, from earliest Christian generations, has ever been the normal position for prayer -- and was once the only posture which Christians knew for the Eucharistic liturgy. (The ancient basilicas of Christendom were built free of all pews and kneelers: they presumed a standing congregation.) Standing symbolizes the Resurrection of Christ. as well as the confident knowledge that it is through the risen and glorified Lord that all our worship and our sacrifice of thanks and praise is being offered to the Father. Standing also inlicates respect. KNEELING became common in the Church only at a later date. Originally the posture of a subject before his master, now it expresses our own humility and nothingness before God's great majesty. SII'ING is the position of the learner or the observer. Working from these principles and recalling the role assigned for the people at Mass, the following order of postures has now been suggested for every Mass throughout the whole Archdiocese of Seattle: Priest's entry: We stand out of respect for the priest, our leader at holy worship. Prayers at foot of the altar: We kneel In humility to confess our sins and to prepare for Mass. (If an opening hymn is to be sung, of course it makes for better sense--and better singing --to remain standing.) Introit, Kyrie, Gloria, Collect: We stand and together partici- pate in these prayers. Epistle: We sit and listen. Gospel: We stand to show respect for the Christ who speaks to' us in this sacred reading. Sermon: Again we sit and listen. Creed: We stand to join this common battlecry of our faith. Offertory: Now we sit and observe prayerfully while our gifts are prepared at the alter. Canon-Preface: The offertory is over and we stand to join in the dialoge before the Preface and remain standing while the priest proclaims our thanksgiving in the Preface. We also remain standing while we recite or sing the Sanctus together. Canon -- after reading (or singing) the Sanctus: We kneel during the solemn priestly prayer before the Consecration and remain kneeling until the "Great Amen" which concludes the Canon. (Here the choir rubrics, except for a requiem, direct the priests in attendance to stand after the Consecration. Much could be argued in favor of all standing now while together with the Risen and Glorified Christ we offer His Sacrifice to the Father. But to remain kneeling here throughout these sacred moments has, nevertheless, been allowed as a justifiable con- :cession to our more modem habits of piety.) Communion--from the Pater Noster until after the Agnus Dei: We stand for the recitation of common prayer. Communion--after reciting (or singing) the Agnus Dei: We kneel in humble preparation for the Lord's Banquet and after- wards in thanksgiving. (While the rubrics again direct the clergy in choir to remain standing, and although standing while receiv- ing the Risen Christ is perhaps a more authentic and exact tradition, still a concession has once more been made for modern devotional customs.) Post-Communion: We stand (at the greeting Dominus vobis- cure) while our priest leads us in prayer. Last blessing: We kneel. Last Gospel: We stand again out ef respect for God's Word ---or for the final prayer. : Finally, it should be pointed out that one of the advantages of these postures (which, of course, are already in wide usage throughout the Archdiocese) is that they are equally valid for both high and low Mass. Once they are accepted in all our parishes, much:of the confusion which presently reigns in the pews during high Mass in some places should be eliminated. •