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September 6, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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September 6, 1963

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4--THE PROGRESS Friday, Sep. 6, 1963 Nuts To You OME of our Catholics are currently confused over the issue of Commu- nism. (One would be more exact in saying the issues of Communism.) Those among us who think that the Papacy is rightfully softening up a once hard line of defense, and those who feel betrayed by what they think ignoble com- promise are, fortunately, both wrong. The first group would hail a new, but non-existent, policy as a triumph of realism over outmoded dogmas. The sec- 6nd would bemoan the fact that doctrine has been sacrificed to political expedi- ency. The reason one can call both wrong is precisely that there is no one Communist problem. Instead, there is, for exam p l e, the confrontation of the Christian and ]ewish faiths with and anti-theism on many fronts. There is a g ai n the tension between a free and a non-free world. There is the political clash between various but quite influential people: A Mao-Tse-Tung, a Kennedy, a Khrushchev, a Harriman, a DeGaulle, a Rusk, and a Mikoyan, or an Aden- auer, or a Macmillan... There is, also the (to us) now more decisive struggle at the level of economic productivity. Which economic system is viable? China's? Russia's? The Common Mar- ket? America's? lVhat combination might work best, if some compromise be necessary? To return to the higher level: What policy best serves here and now, here or there, the i n t e r e s t s of our Church? Catholic Poland has one set of problems peculiar to it. Catholic Czechoslovakia has another tangled knot it must try to unravel, with God's help, as best it can. South American countries now stride towards their own solution of local ana- chronisms. We in the U.S. have to make our personal adjustment--what to do about soft emotionalism. This is what we mean by "the issues", as plural. There is no one simple pat Communism. There are only the many facets of this m a 1 e v o I e n t diamond, accursed as the famous Hope Diamond is said to be a curse to those connected with its possession. OW consider the position of the Pope, the Vicar of Christ. He is head of a universal Church. Spiritually he is not an Italian really; not a Pole, not an American, not a Slovak. It does not matter where he was born. He inherits the problems not of nations but of one supra-national mystical Body, Which is Christ. Again, the Holy Father, even though specially guided by the Holy Ghost and enjoying infallibility in some spiritual areas has to exercise God-given authority through other mere men. Men make mistakes, have made mistakes, will make mistakes. (Alas, that these simple remarks are no longer platitudes in 1963/) God has in His inscrutable wisdom left it to man to share God's power in large part. This is the major part of the mystel 7 of being man and mortal. It follows, next, that the greatest pos- sible error in this w h o 1 e immensely complicated threat of current Commu- nism is to try to reduce it to some formula which is (first) simple, and (second) inevitably silly. No Pope has ever made such a mistake. From the great Leo XIII down, our Church's policy has been evidently divinely en- lightned, supremely intelligent on the human level and, practically, wise. What our Popes have done is merely apply principles to actual situations. We apolo- gize for calling anything like this "mere- ly". Many people never master even the the beginnings of this subtle art. The papal policy be it noted, is also completely consistent. Perhaps'Rome itself has felt that it has b e e n the victim of various trim- mers on one side of another. There are those who push encyclicals to the left and those who push them to the right, consciously or no. Not all filberts-- nuts to you--grow on the rightist side of the tree. Both groups either intemperately forget the nature of the role of the Pope, or shrewdly miscon- strue it, or naively remain ignorant of what a Church on earth is, and must be. Anyway, we've recently noted from an RNS report that Vatican Radio pro- claimed, "There is no international situation, no easing of tension, no his- torical p r e t e x t that c a n justify any indulgence or c o n c i 1 i a t o r y attitude towards Marxism or Communism." It added that, "Marxism and its political expression, Communism, are irreconcil- able both with Christianity and human- ity." In a separate report from Vatican City, the Register correspondent cabled this: "By the most powerful denuncia- tion of Marxism in the last deCade, the Church has moved to make it clear to the world, and especially to Catholics, that there can never be a condonation of Communism or a justification for an indulgence in, or reconciliation with it." So what has changed? only the times, not the immutable Church on its solid Rock. A Visit From Tito? By J. J. GILBERT .WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. m Will Marshal Tito come to the United States this fall? If so, will he make it to Washing- ton? Josip Broz Tito, the Commu- nist dictator, has long wanted to be received in this country. Previous efforts to bring him here have met with resentment and rebuffs. A few years ago there were those who thought it would be a good idea to bring Tito here and show him a good time. You don't hear so much from them at this time, but the Red dictator himself is keeping the idea alive. Gov. Edmund G. (Pat) Brown of California had a 40- minute meeting August 19 with Tito during a visit to Belgrade. Russia would go to the United Nations this fall to register the test ban treaty, if it is ratified by this country. He was also asked if he would confer there with Macmillan and Khru- shchev "and with other leaders such as Marshal T/to." President Kennedy replied: "No, there has been no such plan. It has been suggested that I might speak at the United Nations, but I know of no decision that has been made on that." Tito is scheduled to visit Mexico and other Latin Amer- ican countries this fall. The Yugoslav embassy here says it has "never heard" of any plans for him to visit Cuba. But, if Tire gets to New York, and the mad at this, and the idea was put aside. In 1957, it was proposed that Tire be brought here in Oc- tober, when it was hoped Con- gress would not be in session. But an offhand suggestion that Marshal Zhukov of Soviet Rus- sia also be invited here for talks brought such a protest that both proposals were abandoned. The protests of Catholic newspapers across the coun- try, which made strong cases against the Yugoslav Red dic- tator, undoubtedly had much to do with thwarting the two earlier proposals. Those who have wanted to bring Tito here, and who have defended the enormt .:= financial aid given to Communist Yugo- United Nations, he will want to slavia, used to say that it was visit Washington. It has long all worthwhile if Tire could be been understood that he would " kept from joining up again with The Governor said afterwards that Tito told him he thinks he will attend the United Nations General Assembly session in New York this fall. Tito was also quoted as saying he hoped to see President Kennedy. At a press conference August 20; President K e n n e d y was asked if he, Prime Minister Macmillan of Great Britain and. any appearance Tito might Premier Khrushchev of Soviet make on Capitol Hill. Tito got like to receive a state welcome here. There was a proposal in 1956, revived in 1057, that Tito be brought here as a visitor. In 1956, a protest against a Tito visit was signed by 162 mem- bers of Congress. Some law- makers threatened to boycott Moscow Communism, which had broken with him. But the day after Tito re- ceived Gov. Brown, he received S o v i e t Russia's Khrushchev with such a blatant display of goodwill that it seems certain Tito is back in the Moscow fold. As far as one can judge from appearances, we've given away a tremendous sum of money for nothing. 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle 98104 Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second.Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published every Friday by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., 3.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor Paved With Good 1 Intentions Christian Strong x 00'oman? By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. N one of its recent is- sues, Life had an article entitled "Diem's 'Dragon Lady' Breathes Fire at Us." It was, of course, about Madame Nhu, the powerful Vietnamese strong woman who has spoken very sharply about U.S. attempts to protect the Buddhists. After reading this article, I turned to the Epistle for the Mass of a Holy Woman not a Martyr. There I found a des- cription of a worthy wife. She is worth more than pearls' to her husband for "she brings him good, and not evil, all the days of her life." She has sturdy arms and extends them to the poor and needy. She is a wise woman but "she opens her mouth in wisdom and on her tongue is kindly counsel." Wrong Style Madame Nhu is unquestionab- ly valiant and strong like the good wife described in the Epis- tle but she does not seem to have the kindliness, the charity and the warm love of human beings that we associate With the Christian woman. I speak of course on the basis of press reports and they might be wrong, and I refer to her pub- lic acts. God is the judge of her conscience. We want to see Catholic women taking a res- ponsible role in public life but I don't think Madame Nhu is the right style of Catholic wom- an for the future. She wrote a letter to the New York Times which that paper published August 14. Regarding the fire-suicide of Buddhist monks and other Buddhist forms of protest, she wrote: "I may shock some by saying 'I would beat such provocateurs ten times more if they wore monks' robes' and 'I would clap my hands at seeing another monk barbe- cue show, for one cannot be responsible for the madness of others.'" Then she went on to say that such bitter re- marks are an "electroshock" that the world needs to bring it to an understanding of the situation in Vietnam. This woman who can refer to a human death as 'a barbe- cue show" is a convert from Buddhism to Catholicism. She is reported as having criticized Pope John's Pacem in Terris adversely on the ground that it pleases everyone and can be exploited. Certainly, she must have disagreed with his state- ment in that encyclical to the effect that every man is entitled to worship God acording to his conscience publidv and private- ly. In the Life :aterview she said of the Buddhists: "These people dare to claim they are leaders of 80 per cent of the population. As long as I have any breath in my body, I shall make them swal- low that pretense. They be- have as though we were all stupid idiots. I am furious." Legislates Morality I suppose Madame Nhu is too busy a woman these days to meditate very much On the Gos- pels and the spirit of Christian- ity. The Gospel is the good news of love, joy and peace to a world that had once thought of God as an inhuman Oriental potentate. Madame Nhu seems to have thought of Christianity as a rigid system of morals that has no concern for the human per- son, a Puritanical or Jansenis- tic list of don'ts. She has pushed through the National Assembly a bill that bans all dancing, even at private parties. The American colony protested and her response was sharp and crude: "Foreigners come here not to dance but to help Vietna- mese fight Communism. Danc- ing with death is sufficient." According to the New York Times of August 22, she has taken the lead in legislating morality by outlawinR adultery, polygamy and concubinage but she has not been very kind to her own parents. According to the Times she has described her mother as "a fanatic" and her father as "a coward." Madame Nhu is certainly the most outstanding woman to appear in Asia in recent years. She has the courage of a tiger and a mind that cuts deep. But it is unfortunate that her public acts reveal so little evidence of the love that is the essence of Catholicism. We expect a Catholic woman leader to foster the cultural and spiritual life of her people. We are disappointed when we find her helping to form a women's military force to be trained in the use of firearms. Seaplane Studies CU By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore VERYBODY has heard of the Wright Brothers but did you ever hear of Hugo Mattullath? Well, don't feel em- barrassed. It would appear that practically no one else has, either. The worthy Hugo, we just learned, decided in 1900 to build a model for a large twin-hull sea- plane he had invented. At first he could not even get a patent. The Patent Office explained to him, perhaps impatiently and in some fatigue, that "All devices for navigating the air without the aid of buoyant gas" were classed with "perpet- ual motion machines". This was several years before the Wright Brothers' first flight. The Office, reasonably enough, demanded a working model. So Mr: Mattullath set about pro- viding one. His first chore was to provide or to discover a laboratory which could do the work he wanted. What resulted was the establishment of the Catholic University Aeronautical Laboratory where research in aerodynamics had been be. gun in 1895 by the celebrated Dr. A. F. Zahm. In 1901 at the Catholic University the first wind.tunnel laboratory in America was set up for special research. Work was conducted for measuring air velocity and pressure, forces and moments on models, etc. The lab designed the torsion balance, the wire suspension balance, the coaxial pilot tube, the inverted-cup pressure gauge, the intake core and "Eiffel" test chamber. (No, we don't know what this means either.) Unfortunately, Mr. Mattullath died in De- cember, 1902, and the seaplane studies ended. But early in 1903, Dr. Zahm tested a model of an airplane of his own design, having a stream- lined cabin on wheels, a tractor propeller and modern controls -rudder, elevator, ailerons-- invented by him in 1893. Airplanes of this type came into practical use only about a decade later. And, if you happen to be able to grasp these technicalities, you will be more than interested in The Catholic University Bulletin (July, 1963) wherein Dr. Boehler describes the continuing work done at the university. God's World: When Compassion Is Needed By REV. LEO J. TRESE f the parents who read this column, perhaps one per cent will learn, within the next year or so, that their unmarried daughter is pregnant. It is to these parents that I address myself this week, with a plea that they face their grave problem wth intel- ligence and charity. When their beloved child in- forms her parents that she is pregnant, their first reaction is likely to be one of horrified grief. How can such a thing have happened to their child, perhaps still in her teens, whom they have so loved and cher- ished? She always was such a good girl--and now this! How could she have become such a wanton creature? Where have they, the parents, failed in their guidance? These are the kinds of ac- cusations and recriminations that parents, in their first shock, may be tempted to toss at their daughter and at themselves. Their shock is understandable, but this sort of reaction is the worst pos- sible response to the situa- tion. In the first place, their child has not changed into a bad girl by the fact of her pregnancy. She may have committed one single sin, in a moment of sudden temptation. That single sin does not mean th a t her whole character has changed. No doubt she already has bit- terly repented of the sin, has confessed it, and right now is in the state of grace. She is not a harlot. Basic Goodness The fact that she is going to have a baby does not make her sin worse. In fact, her very pregnancy may indicate her basic goodness. If she had been a promiscuous sort, if she had gone out "looking for trouble,' she would have provided her- self with a contraceptive. The sin of frustrated sexual intercourse would have been a more malicious sin because, like the mutual masturbation of those who confine themselves to "petting," it would have been a sin against nature. Moreover, if t h e i r daughter were without conscience, she might have procured an abor- tion and escaped shame by ad- ding the sin of murder to her first dereliction. Let it be emphasized, then that having a baby is no sin. The extra-marltal coitus was a sin, but the resultant preg- nancy is not. The child which this daughter carries within her womb is destined to be a child of God. When she and her boyfriend conceived the child's body, they brought into play God's crea- tive ower. God fashioned a spiritual, immortal s o u I for that body. It is the beginning of another saint for heaven. Needs Understanding The girl may confess her pregnancy fearfully or (to con- ceal her inward fear) casually or even defiantly. However the news may be broken to them, it is to be hoped that the par- ents will try to conceal their own tortured feelings and will rise nobly to the challenge. If ever there was a time when their daughter needed their un- derstanding love, it is now. The girl is frightened, wor- ried, shamed and confused. This is the moment for paren- tal arms to enfold her with the assurance, "We're sorry it happened, darling, but we still love you as much as ever. Stop worrying, now. The world hasn't come to an end. We'll work this out to- gether, and it won't be nearly as bad as you think." Then, a visit to the pastor or to a Catholic family counseling service will set matters in mo- tion. Marriage with the baby's father certainly is not indicat- ed unless there is solid prob- ability that the marriage will be a happy and an enduring one. Whether marriage is the an- swer or whether it is better to FATHER TRESE enter a Catholic facility for unwed mothers and there have the baby secretly; whether it is better to keep the baby or to give it for adoption; these are matters to be decided only after unemotional and realistic discussion w i t h qualified ad- visers. Whatever the ultimate solu- tion, when the crisis is past and their daughter is happy and smiling again, good par- ents can look back to this as their finest hour. They were dble to rise above their own shock and fear in the cause of love They were able to forget themselves in order to be twin towers of strength for their child when her need was great. est. (Father Trese welcomes let- ters from his readers. The in. creasing volume of letters pro- hibits personal answers but problems and ideas contained in such correspondence can be the basis of future columns. Address all letters to Father Leo J. Trese, care of The Progress.) Fearing Happiness T was very difficult for Julius Caesar to un- derstand why anyone should be afraid of death, "since, it will come when it will come." But there is yet a stranger fear than the fear of death, and that is the fear of happi- ness. Many lives are blighted by a disturbing fear of happi- ness and a distrust of joy. It may be that there are cer- tain temperaments particularly congenial to morbidity and joy- lessness. Some may have a special genius for conceiving of distressing possibilites. And presumably in a harshly com- petitive world of atomic bombs and inter-planetary explora- tion, a considerable amount of terror is bound to dwell in the suburbs of our minds. Suspicion of happiness and distrust of life may distill a particular brand of unhappi- ness. The man who lives in the constant dread that his good fortune will not endure, is not a happy man. The spiritual dullard who regards life as a poor thing at best will have only a small margin of hap- piness. Religious worship should be a source of deep and per- manent happiness and peace. God does not ask the wor- ship of a terror-stricken heart. God is a God of love. And Gad, our loving Father, wants His children to be happy. Don't demand too much hap- piness. Settle for what each day may bring. Above all, do not yield to the ridiculous and destructive notion that life is a poor thing at best, and that joy is not for man.--Walter $. Sullivan, C.S.P. Calendar SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, FOURTEENTH SUNDAY AF- TER PENTECOST, MASS, Pro-' tector noster -- Our protector (Green). GI., 2nd Pr. of Na- tivity of B.V.M., Cr., Pref. of Trin. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, ST. PETER CLAVER, CON- FESSOR, PATRON OF NEGRO MISSIONS, MASS: Satiavit- The Lord has satisfied. (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Gorgonius. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, ST. NICHOLAS OF TOLEN- TINE, CONFESSOR, MASS: Justus--The just (White). G1. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, COMMEMORATION OF SS. PROTUS A N D HYACINTH, MARTYRS, MASS on 14th Sun. after Pent. (Green). No GI., 2nd Pr. of SS Protus and Hya- cinth, no Cr., Com. Pref. Or MASS: Salus Autem--The sal- vation (Red). GI. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, MOST HOLY NAME OF MARY, MASS: Vulture tuum --All the rich (White)..GI., Pref. of B.V.M. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, FERIAL FRIDAY, MASS OF 14th Sun. after Pent. (Green). No GI., no Cr., Com. Pref. Abstinence. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, EXALTATION OF THE HOLY C R O S S, MASS: Nos autem -- But it behooves us (Red). GI., Cr., Pref. of H. Cross.