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September 6, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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September 6, 1963

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Catholic Correctional Chaplains 'Help Us,' Pope Asks i Exchange Views On Priest sRole In Appea/To Laity ' To ,loin ostolate By Msgr. Jomes I. Tucek equality and fraternity ar together Christian, just as By REV JAMES J McGREAL FRASCATI, Italy, Sept. today's deep social as Chaplain, 'Washington State Reformatory, Monroe, Washington 2 (Radio, N.C.) -- "Come tions for justice and freedom. NEWSPAPER HITS BBC--London, Sept. 3 (NC) The Catholic Herald, national weekly newspaper, ac- cused the British Broadcasting Corporation of "pro- jecting an image of itself as anti.Christian and anti. Catholic." Referring to both ,radio and television programs of the state-controlled corporation it said: "Every chance of taking a swipe at the Church is grasped and rarely does one hear a BBC voice raised in protest when Catholics abroad have their schools seized or in praise of the Church's contribu- tion to the international scene. "It seems our value is merely one of 'spectacle' when popes are crowned or buried." TWO HAITIAN PRIESTS FREEDmLondon (NC) mTwo Haitian priests who were arrested and put in prison by the Duvalier government have now been released, according to word reaching here. They are Father Jean Claude Bajeux, C.S.Sp., and Paul Claude, C.S.Sp., both teachers at a seminary in Port-au-Prince and editors Of a magazine published there. The priests are believed to be still under police surveillance. .k k , CLOSES TERESIAN YEAR AT AVILA m Avila, Spain, Aug. 29 (NC)  Spanish-b0rn Arcadio Cardihal Larraona, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites, presided as papal legate at ceremonies here Aug. 24, closing the Teresian Year. The Teresian year was proclaimed last August 24 to honor the fourth centenary of the Carmelite refOrm. Local businesses closed down for the day, and most of Avila's population of 20,000 attended the ceremonies. Cardinal Larraona presided at a pontifical Mass and at the crowning of a statue of St. Joseph in the convent of St. Joseph here. St. Teresa of Avila founded that convent 400 years ago with four novices. The founding marked the start of the Teresian reform. SISTERHOODS MERGE m St. Joseph, Minn., Sept. 3 (UC) u Twin profession ceremonies here and in Nassau, the Bahamas, marked the end of a Ba- hamian community, the Sisters of St. Martin de Por- res, and its merger with the Sisters of St. Benedict's Convent here. Members of the Nassau community made Benedic- tine vows of obedience, stability and conversion of life, a ceremony which concluded a year's period of amalgamation of the two communities. The Sisters of St. Martin de Porres, composed entirely of colored Sisters, was founded at Nassau 26 years ago. It had 24 professed members. A statement of explanation from St. Benedict's here said that in 1962 Archbishop Egidio Vagnozzi, the U. S. Apostolic Delegate, expressed the desire that the purely local Nassau foundation be affiliated with a religious community of pontifical status. Always Delicious... ,-, PeR BREAKFAST --FOR LUNCH --.POR SNACKS SUNNY JIM PEAHUT BUTTER JAMS, JELLIES and " PRESERVES At ALL Better Grocery Stores a,d remember SUNNY JIM SYRUP Vocations Directors To Assemble ' NEW ORLEANS, La.--The Most Reverend John P. Cody, Archbishop of New Orleans, has invited the Association of the Diocesan Directors of Vocations to have their annual convention here September 23-26. These annual gatherings aid priest.directors entrusted with the responsibility of directing the vocation apostolate in the various dioceses and archdio- ceses throughout the country. Besides getting a wealth of information, these meetings af- ford an opportunity of sharing programs and experiences, Archbishop Cody said. Theme of the convention is "Ecclesiastical Vocations in Our Changing Society." Window Shows Mary Weaving OMAGH, Northern Ireland, (NC) -- A new church opened in the nearby village of Sion Mills depicts the Blessed Vir- gin Mary weaving. The windows were Inspired by the linen-weaving industry, an important part of the econ- omy of Sion Mills. q Highest Rate of Bank hterest Your savings at Prudential Mutual-earn 4% per annum the highest rate of bank interest in the state-.-- compounded and paid quarterly. And remember . ,. savings deposited at Prudential Mutual by the 10th of the month will earn interest from the 1st. Prudential Mutual Savings Bank "At tl /,tmdly ove, el Third ,ad Spvin." . pbor M A 2.,00 . Free aukiaa. Free loJttS* both wiwt on ms/l dslmlit* * Member From the four corners of the country, Catholic chaplains converged on Portland last week in conjunction with the American Correctional Associa. tion' national convention for a four-day session. These priests engaged in correctional work fOr the purpose of channeling their ideas and mutual efforts are organized into the Amer- ican C a t h o I i c Correctional Chaplain's Association. The Protestant Chaplains en- gaged in correctional and re- habilitative work are banded together in the same manner. Rev. George McCabe, Cath- olic chaplain at Washington State Penitentiary, presided over the Catholic chaplains' group during the past year. Though we Catholic chaplains were welcomed and encourag- ed to attend as many general sessions and panels as possible, our own meetings dealing with problems of greatest import- ance to us in this specialized work were of the greatest in- terest. Bishop Andrew G. Grutka of Gary, Ind. and Epi- scopal Advisor to the Cath- olic chaplains, celebrated the opening Mass at St. Michael Church, adjacent to our down- town headquarters. Monsignor William F. Wilkins of Wood- buorne Correctional Institution, New York, delivered the ser- mon. In it he made meaningful application of the parable of the Good Shepherd to the role of a Catholic chaplain--leav- ing the 99 to find the one lost sheep. A chaplain must also instill living Faith to the falter- ing, strong Hope to the deject- ed, and radiant Charity to the emLittered, he added. At a later session, a joint meeting of chaplains with war- dens and other officials discus. MEMBERS of the Catholic Correctional Chaplains Associa- tion gather at a dinner meeting held during their convention last week in Portland. Those at the head table include the Most Reverend Archbishop Edward D. Howard of Portland and the Most Reverend Andrew Grutka, Bishop of Gary, Ind. Seated at the extreme left is Rev. Francis Prange, S.J., sing the role of a chaplain in others in administrative roles correctional work was well at- attended as guests of the Cath- ter/ded. There was spirited dis- olic chaplains. The welcome cussion as to how much influ- ence the chaplain should have was delivered by the Most Rev- in the placing of inmates in  erend Archbishop Edward D. various jobs while in the in- Howard of Portland. The main stitution. On the panel with Rev. Ger- vase Brinkman, 0. F. M., chap- lain of Illinoi State Penitenti. ary in Joliet, was the newly appointed superintendent of the Washington Corrections Center --Ernest Timpani. Mr. Timpani left his post. tion at Washington State Re- formatory in Monroe to as- sume this new role. When complete, t h e Corrections Center in Shelton will func- tion as a diagnostic depot for law violators. Real highlight of the Con- gress was the annual Bishop's luncheon. Many wardens and address was given by Bishop Grutka, referred to already in the first part of this article. Because of the excellence of this talk, important excerpts are quoted here: "The life of a chaplain in a Correctional Institute is per. haps the most difficult of all lives in the Church. His life has to be lived amidst all the difficulties, frustrations and despairs prevalent in these institutions and very much in striking contrast to the high holiness to which a priest is called in the eminent sanctity of the office which he ful- fills. who just completed 20 years as chaplain at McNeil Island. Father Prange was given the St. Dismas Award for his long years of service. On the extreme right, fifth from the end, is Rev. James J. McGreal, chaplain at the Washington State Reformatory and pastor of St. Mary Church, Monroe. "The church considers the chaplain as a spiritual lead- er, a self-effacing man com- pletely devoid of all stage ef- fects. Dedication and not ex- ternal signs best define and describe him. He takes charge of others, assumes their hes- itant or failing responsibili- ties . . . He is quick in per- ceiving danger, not over-con- cerned about seizing oppor- tunities . . . To lessen waste- fulness of time and talent, he displays great patience and perseverance. To the c o I d and debilitating effects of Solitude, he puts up a resist- ance rich in human warmth . . The chaplain then, first, last and always must be ac- cording to the mind of the Church, a man of God re- flecting the way, the truth More Harmful Than Warfare and the life of Christ--a dis- penser of holinessl" In conclusion, a few words about the accomplishments of this gathering in Portland: Within a year, a completely revised Chaplain's manual will be in circulation dealing with the various duties of Chaplains. In addition to this, a train- ing program under the direc- tion of prudent, experienced chaplains and sponsored by the Catholic University of America for newly assigned chaplains is in the planning stage. So all in all, this convention was a worthwhile event, lend- ing itself to a mutual exchange of ideas and procedures. It was a most rewarding experience to this writer, especially since it was my first opportunity to at- tend a national meeting. Buddhist-Governmenf Dispute Could Have Been Avoided anything that might turn into political opposition have affect- ed Christians as well as Budd- his{s. When Buddhists began holding organized demonstra- tions in the streets in recent months, the police intervened with unwarrantable harshness. Vietnamese Buddhists pro. bably have made more pro- gress in the nine years since President Ngo dinh Diem came into office than in any century of modern times. The government has given them money, materials and land for constructing and re- novating pagodas. An - Quang pagoda in the Cholon section of Saigon, one of the centers of the recent agitation, stands on land rented from the govern- ment since pre-Diem times. Asked how much rent they have to pay the government, a bonze there told me: "Formerly we paid 10 pias- ters per square meter yearly. Now we pay only two pms- ters." That is about one and a half cents American. Who are the leaders in the General Buddhist Association? The titular head was an aged bonze, but the real leaders are men in their thirties a n d forties, some of whom came from north Vietnam in 1954, others belonging to central Vietnam. Some of the younger bonzes have studied abroad--Thailand, Ceylon, Japan or the U. S. They have returned eager to assert themselves and their group, resenting the relative backwardness o f Buddhism here. Those from the north and center observed and maybe learned Communist organiza- tion methods during the Indo- China war. I have seen no proof that any of these leading bonzes are Communists. What part have the Com- munists played in the recent agitation? They have naturally tried to get into the act and to profit by manifesting sympathy with the protesting Buddhists. There is no evidence that they got control. By Rev. Patrick O'Connor No. Buddha founded a moral system but no church. Further- SAIGON, Vietnam, more, Buddhism is split into Sept. 1 " Fifteen Viet- numerous s'ects. namese soldiers and five Buddhist associations a r e civilians were killed and modern developments. A per. 38 were w o u n d e d by son can be a Buddhist without Communists in south Vietnam, r::::::z, ;;::,::;,::: ::: August 21. Early the same day  ....... :i government force's broke into :;:: ::::i a dozen or more Buddhist pagodas and arrested hnudreds of bonzes, bonzesses and lay i' ersons. Among them were ! : onzes and students enjoying exemption from military ser. vice. : Government raids on the Buddhist p a g o d a s received worldwide attention--far more than the Communist attacks on villages, outposts and patrols that cost some 50 casualties, killed and wounded, every day. These casualties were suffered August 21 and every day in defense of the free world's interests, including the com- plaining Buddhists who have been engaged in a 14-week dis- pute wit h the Vietnamese government. What started as an avoidable dispute about riving Buddhist flags in Hue May 8 is now doing more harm to the Viet- namese government and people than several years of Com- munist warfare. Some of the harm arises from confusion, also avoidable. How many Buddhists are there in south Vietnam? Nobody can say, even within one million, what the number is. People who know the coun- try well put practicing Budd- hists somewhere between 20 and 30 per cent of the total population, which is 14 or 15 million. Because Catholics are organized into parishes and dioceses, one can better esti- mate their number: about 1.5 million, that is roughly 10 per cent. Is Buddhism a native re- ligion of Vietnam? No. Buddhism came to Viet- persecution of Buddhists in ham, by way of China prin- Vietnam? cipally, about 1,800 years ago. No. The last religious per- The original religion of the secution in Vietnam was of Vietnamese was a form of Christians. It ended one cen- ancestor worship, tury ago. Is there a Buddhist Church Measures taken by the Viet- now in Vietnam? namese government against REV. PATRICK O'CON- NOR, S.S.C., correspondent of NCWC News Service, has spent ahnost two dec- ades covering news in the Far East. For the past two years he has maintained headquarters in Saigon, Vi. etnam's capital belonging to any of them. The General Buddhist Association, whose legal existence dates from 1953, has been the mos't militant in: the recent contro- versy. Has Buddhism been active in Vietnamese life? Buddhism everywhere tends to be passive, though many Buddhists are distinguished for charity. Vietnamese Buddhists have lagged in the field of ed- ucation. They have establish- ed no hospitals or leprosaria. They have a few outpatient clinics and some orpl-.anages. Has there been a religious The Communists in north Vietnam, where they perse- cute all religions, have been piously denouncing President Diem for allegedly persecut- ing Buddhists, Catholics and others in the south. Is the Catholic religion something recent in Viet. nam? The Catholic religion had taken root here one century and a half before the American Declaration of Independence, long before French colonial power was established here. It was persecuted at intervals for more than 200 years. Why have Catholics been prominent i n Vietnamese public life in recent years? Catholics have always made greater efforts in the field of education. Secondly, the domin- ant element in Vietnam's exis- tence in the past nine years has been the near and present Com- munist threat. Catholics are ad- mittedly more definitely and militantly anti-Communist than any other section of the popula- tion. Inevitably the govern- ment has drawn heavily on this source. Have Catholics discrimin- ated against Buddhists in Vietnam? Buddhists' are enormously in- debted to Catholics here. For generations Catholic schools, hospitals and clinics have ser- ved Buddhists and others with- out distinction. Catholic lepro- saria and emergency relief ser- vices have given aid to non- Christians of all kinds. Budd- hists have done nothing on a comparable scale for their own, much less for their Catholic compatriots. Is President Ngo dinh D i e m ' s government "un. popular and corrupt?" It cannot be called a corrupt government though there is corruption in it as there is in most other Asian governments and in many outside Asia. The majority of the people live in rural villages where Saigon politics and Buddhist demonstrations mean little in everyday life. What matters to them is security against the (Continued on Page I0) help us now!" His Holi- ness Pope Paul VI said in a direct appeal to the laity of the world to enter ac- tively into the work of the Church. The Pontiff's strong and sim- ple appeal was made in his sermon during Mass at the cathedral of Frascati Sunday, Sept. 1. This also--the Mass and ser- mon-began to appear as some- thing new in the modern pon- tificates. It was the third suc- cessive Sunday that the Pope had left his summer residence at Castel Gandolfo to go to a nearby church in the hill coun- try south of Rome to celebrate the Eucharist and deliver a sermon after the Gospel, just as Catholic pastors everywhere were doing. The Pope himself had made this apparently developing pat- tern something to watch, for he had made the three sermons of the three Sundays vehicles for important pronouncements: August 18, was an appeal to the E a s t er n Christian Churches for reunion; August 25, a general appeal for a stronger living Faith; Sep- tember 1, an invitation to the laity to go to work in the apostolate "today -- immedi- ately." The occasion of the Pope's visit was a solemn ceremony to venerate the remains of St. Vincent Pallotti--who a cen- tury and a half ago had of- fered his first Mass, at Fras- call, and who was canonized by Pope John last January. Pope Paul hailed the newly sainted founder of the Society of Catholic Apostolate as "a pioneer in his discovery of the laity's capacity for good," and he said that Pallotti had given a lesson to the Church to en- able it to "foresee and pre- pare for this hour when the Catholic laity has come of age." The layman, said the Pope, "is' now one of the major hopes of the Church." Recalling how Father Pallotti had worked in the aftermath of the French Revolution, Paul VI remarked: "The motives for the social transformation wrought by the French Revolution, t h o u g h clothed in laicism and protest against the Church, were, how- ever, deeply Christian. "The tdeals of liberty, "All of us are res for our times and our brothers. Responsibility is a tremendous word which only the saints with their intuitive optimism conceived with energetic force. St. Vincent Pallotti was a pi- oneer of that perception." Then, phrasing his words in a direct and universal appeal, the Pone said to lay people: "The day is growing late Become convinced that it is necessary to we r k today -- immediately, that not an hour can be lost! The needs are im- mense and most urgent. "Come and help us to tell the world where is truth and where is error--t h i s world which is so distracted and al- most overcome by centrifugal movements. There is need to go to work today, immediate- ly. Tomorrow could be too late. Now is the hour of the laity . . . "It is now that the lay peo- ple must knowledgeably join the hierarchy in carrying the cross on the road of salvation and immerse themselves with the hierarchy in the diffusion of grace. The laity, awakened by modern culture, already feels this vocation." In the course of his sermon, the Pope also said: "The first responsibilities be- long naturally to the priest. But St. Vincent Pallotti saw that the layman himself could be- come an active element, thus anticipating by a century the modern forms of the lay apos- tolate. This truth is not yet recognized sufficiently. Pope Paul had arrived at Frascati at 8 a.m., where he was received by his Secretary of State, Amleto Cardinal Cicognani, who is titular Bishop of Frascati and by Bishop Luigi Liverzaoi, Ordi- nary of Frascati. Following the Mass, after he had given his blessing to the crowd, the Pope talked to U. S. Secretary of Commerce Luther H. Hedges. The Ameri- can cabinet minister, a Metho- dist, had attended the Mass with his family. The Pope then returned by automobile to Castel Gandolfo in time to appear at the bal- cony overlooking his villa's' in- ner courtyard to speak a few words and impart his blessing to the people waiting him there. Jet to Europe for as little as s31 down That's not a misprint. It's your 10% down, payment on Irish International's 21-Day Economy Excursion Fare to Ireland from New York. What do you have to do to be eligible for unprecedented low fares to all of Europe? Justgo for 2 or 3 weeks anytime between October I and April 30. 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