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Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
August 28, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 28, 1964

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3 Telephone MAin 2-8880 Published every Friday by the Catholic Northwest Progress Co.907 Terry Avenue, Seattle 98104 Second-Class Mall Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. Rtv, James H. Gandrau .............................. Editor Mary Bresnahan ............................ Associate Editor PAGE 8 FRIDAY, AUGUST 28, 1964 Meet Your Archbishop A BISHOP'S jubilee celebration with- out his people is only half a celebra- tion. For what is a shepherd without his flock? This is why the "meet your Arch- bishop" reception in the Grand Ballroom of the Olympic Hotel this Sunday after- noon is a fitting climax to the week's festivities. In his sixteen years among us, Arch- bishop Connolly has never failed to ac- knowledge the great part his people have played in his own episcopal accomplish- ments. His marvelous building program would have been impossible without your generosity, and the liturgical revival he has spearheaded would not be a reality without your response. We are to the Archbishop what sailors are to their ad- miral. Peter's barque belongs to all of us--we sink or sail together. But for those with faith the analogy goes much deeper than nautical illusions allow. Archbishop Connolly is the visible representative of C h r i s t ' s Body, the Church, of which all the baptized are members. We are not so much in Arch- bishop Connolly's service as we are mem- bers of Christ's family of which Arch- bishop is visible head. Sunday afternoon, then, offers a won- derful opportunity for all the members of Christ's Body to gather about His visi- ble representative and give thanks to God for the manifold blessings He has be- stowed upon the Northwest these past sixteen years. UT THE Church's concern is not limited to those within the family of believers. Archbishop Connolly's interest in human beings regardless of race, color, or creed is as broad and as profound as the Christ Whom he represents. This fact has been concretely demonstrated. In every area of public life where human justice is involved he has championed the c au se of the weak and oppressed-- whether it is a working man who needs a job or a Negro who needs a home. 'So, everyone is welcome this Sunday The Archbishop is looking forward to meeting you in person. We know you will take advantage of this wonderful oppor- tunity both for him and for yourself. .An Altar By DOROTHIE G. BERNARD OH LORD, last night I lay and cried-- So often had [ failed Thee, and belied The blessings, all, that You had granted me. All my minds thoughts were, "Lord, l'm lonely". I longed for You to touch me, lay Your hand To comfort me, to stroke my hair . . . Lost-child-like, 'till suddenly I was aware . . . That in my mouth, there was an altar there! For on my tongue I'd held the Sacred Host! Then was I shamed for all that made mouth foul.- For You had given me touch and caress, And I need ne'er feel loss, or loneliness! IF I CONFESS, and then in penance, pray-- Then, "Lo, I'm with you always," Christ will say. Dear Jesus--Lord! No, I am not alone . . . For You have made my tongue . . . Your humble throne! But Still Seated Thank You! HE PROGRESS takes this opportunity to thank members of the press, tele- vision and radio for the excellent cover- age they have given Archbishop Con- nelly's J u b i i e e celebration. We have received numerous calls from subscribers who expressed their delight at reading !;; : : about the Archbishop's Jubilee in the ": i x.i!f daily news, seeing him. on TV and hear- .: ing his remarks on radio ..... ..... .... : x: We, too are grateful and wish to acknowledge our o w n appreciation publicly. ; :: Peak for Teacher Demand Near By J. J. GILBERT ASHINGTON N The demand for teachers in elementary and second- ary schools of the United States will reach its peak in the year 1964-65. Schools will have to recruit some 210,000 teachers for the next academic year to take care of new classrooms, replacement of teachers leaving service and the retirement of some emergency teachers. The challenge is described as "reflecting the final academic accommodation of the elementary- secondary schools to the high birth rate of the mid-forties." The number of teachers needed in the years following this record-breaking need "will fall well below the peak level." This situation mirrors the drop in the number of births for a few years after 1947 and their slow down in rate of increase in the 1950's. These projections are made in a study pre- pared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U. S. Deportment of Labor. The study was concerned with manpower in teaching rather than pupil movement. (A study by Auxiliary Bishop Clarence E. Elwell of Cleveland made public last March said the Diocese of Cleveland had a 72 per cent increase in religious teachers in the 20 years be- tween 1944 and 1963. The Bishop, superintendent of Cleveland's diocesan school system, noted that the June, 1964 high school graduating class Was to be "the first of the large post war classes [the 1946 birth class now 18 years old]," and said that "if the increased percentage of vocations holds, it should mean a larger-than- ever number of vocations this fall." (Bishop EIwell said "the actual number of vocations and religious teachers has been on the increase without interruption, calamity howlers tO the contrary notwithstanding." "We have not, of course, had a supply equal to the tremendous increase of babies since 1946, but wait until the 1946 baby group gets old enough to knock, on the convent door, which is June of 1064, this present year," the Bishop continued. "Then wait four or five years more for them to finish colleg e and novitiate years. Then, I am confident, the crepe- hangers will have to eat their predictions.") The U. S. Government agency, in its study, predicts that, granting the usual factors hold stable, the teacher supply situation in elemen- tary sehools of the country will improve sig- nificantly by 1975, and there will be more than an adequate supply available for secondary schools. For the next 11 years, the supply of ele- mentary school teachers is expected to total 1.2 million, with the demand totaling 1.3 million leaving a deficit of about 100,000 teachers a year for the period. For the secondary schools, it is thought that 1.3 million new teachers and "re- entries" will be available over the 11 years,. while the demand is not expected to total more than about 953,000. After the peak year, 1964-65, when close to 105,000 secondary school teachers must be re- cruited to take care of classroom growth and replacements, annual requirements drop nearly one-half to 57,000, reflecting the decline in the number of births after 1047, the record-breaking year. Even though an upward trend in secondary school teacher requirements is expected after 1965, it will be 10% below the 1964-65 peak as late as 1075. The demand for new teachers comes mainly from two sources: (1) to staff additional class- rooms, and (2) to replace teachers who leave teaching for a variety of reasons. Just to take care of increased enrollment in public and pri- vate elementary and secondary schools, the sup- ply of teachers estimated at 1.8 million in 1063-64 must be increased to 2.2 million -- a gain of 400,000 or 23 per cent--by 1975. The estimated 47 million pupils in public and private schools -- kindergarten through high sebool--in the fall of 1963 are expected to increase to 57 million by 1975. The study discloses many interesting facts, including the following: The present rate of school attendance is 97 per cent of all children of elementary school age and is expected to increase slightly by 1975 . . . The secondary school rate is 91 per cent of all children of that school age... Nearly four times as many new teachers are needed to fill vacan- cies in existing staff than to fill new jobs created by expanding enrollments . . . The average sep- aration rate for classroom teachers is 8 per cent . . Women represented 86 per cent of. all class- room teachers in elementary schools and 47 per cent of the secondary school teachers in 1960... The separation rate for women teachers is high- er than that for men on both levels . . . Only about 62 per cent of all newly trained teachers enter the teaching field... About one-fourth of the teachers newly hired each fall are "re- entries" . . . A little more than 13 per cent of those taking bachelor degrees each year are trained for elementary school teaching. The study notes that most states now re- quire school attendance at least from 7 to 16 years, and some from 6 to 18 years. A footnote observes that every state had a compulsory school attendance law between 1918 and 1950, but that following the Supreme Court decision requiring integration ih the public schools, three states--Mississippi, South Carolina and Virginia --repealed their compulsory school attendance laws, and five states--Alabama, Arkansas, Geor- gia, Louisiana and North Carolina--provided for waiver of the compulsory provisions under cer- tain conditions. Dialogue "DUT WE cannot turn our gaze away D f r o m the contemporary world without expressing a cherished desire namely that our intention of developing and perfecting our dialogue in the varied and changing facets which it presents, may assist the cause of peace between men, by providing a method which seeks to order human relation- ships in the sublime light of the language of reasori and sincerity, and by making a contri- bution of experience and wisdom which can stir up all men to the consideration of the supreme values. "The opening of a dialogue, such as ours with World would be, disinterested, objective and sincere, is in itself a decision in favor of a free and honorable peace. It excludes pretence, rivalry, deceit and betrayal. It cannot do other than condemn, as a crime and destruction, wars of aggression, conquest or domination. It cannot confine itself Io relationships with the heads of nations, but must set them up also with the body of the nation and with its foundations, whether social, family or individual, so as to diffuse in every institution and in every soul the understanding, the relish and the duty of peace." --Ecclesiam Suam, Pope Paul VL Encycdcal Cleans Air Editor, The Progress: Thank you for your fine coverage of Pope Paul's first encyclical "Ecclesiam Suam" which was like the opening of a window to let in a breath of fresh air for those of us who believed as Pope Plus XII that tt was our "duty to oppose and expose Corn- munism", but who for too long have been muzzled, scorned, derided and ridiculed for not swallowing the hogwash of co- existence, appeasement and re- treat. Needless to say our "liberal" press decorated it with a gar- land of sour grapes. In recent years it has sick- ened me to hear people speak of "Catholic Communism" and preach the line that Commu- nism has changed, that there's "a lot of good in Communism" and because Pope John never mentioned it by name our atti- tude towards the evil was out of date. Frankly it should: not be necessary to repeat the warn- ing of Communism in every Encyclical, but obviously we are children who are easily led. But now--my, the air feels good again. FRANK ARDEN 4550 Ontario, Vancouver, B.C. Ecumenism "THE principle that we i are happy to make our own is this: Let us stress what we have in com- mon rather than what divides us. This provides a good and fruitful subject for our dia- logue. We are ready to carry it out wholeheartedly. We will say more: On many points of difference regarding tradition, spirituality, canon law and worship we are ready to study how we can satisfy the legiti- mate desires of our Christian brothers, still separated from us. It is our dearest wish to em- brace them in a perfect union of faith and charity. "But we must add that it is not in our power to compromise with the integrity of the Faith or the requirements of charity. We foresee that this will cause misgiving and opposition, but now that the Catholic Church has taken the initiative in re- storing the unity of Christ's fold, it will not cease to go forward with all patience and consideration . . . The Catholic Church will not cease, by pray- er and penance, to prepare her- self worthily for the longed-for reconciliation." -- Ecclesiam Suam, Pope Paul VI. One Point of View Editor, The Progress: It is a pity that you are per- mitting The Progress to be used by an organization like the Cardinal Mindszenty Foun- dation, especially that you have twice recently put Mindszenty Foundation propaganda in the editorial columns of The Prog- ress. As far as I can tell from hav- ing been exposed to their publi- cations for a few years, this organization has little to rec- ommend it except the good name of Cardinal Mindszenty. As a Catholic I resent the use of the Cardinal's name for this political body and 1 resent equally strongly their obvious efforts to imply Catholic ehurchbacking for their extreme right political ,iews. Their line is of more real help to the Communist cause than it is to the cause of freedom and justice. It has always been Commun- ist technique to divide and con- quer, to create confusion and distrust of established institu- tion among the people, and to exploit and subvert respected organizations for the sake of furthering party aims. In this the Communists seem to be succeeding very well with the rightist organizations in this country. Certainly we must he con- stantly aware of the dangers of Communism, but we must fight Communism in a posi- tive way -- by strengthening our lives as Christians and by oorrecting and strengthening our own demoeratie institu- tions, not by oondemning ev- ery person, act, or belief that is not clearly anti-Communist. Democracy is not anti-Com- munism; democracy is a posi- tive political force dedicated to the dignity of man and based on the premise that free men, by the grace of God, are cap- able of governing themselves equitably. MARY A. DELSNIAN 12020 Edgewood Ave. SW Tacoma The Tax.Payer e Pays and Pays By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S. OOR old USA, it seems to be full of iniquity  at least if you read the August 8 issue of The New Republic wherein T.R.B., whoever he may be, bleeds from every pore. We're sure he will need a transfusion before the next issue. Recently he left either Washington, D.C., or Marion, Ohio (we can't tell from the masthead) and timidly ventured westward where the course of empire still takes its way. And quite clearly he disagrees with Bishop Berkeley's further remark that "Time's noblest offspring is the last." IN RENO, he discovered the slot-machine. It must have been quite a shock to this "naive correspondent," as he terms himself. In an "air of drama impossible to describe" a lady next to him hit the jackpot. The machine "sim- ply gushed nickels." Imaginel Goodness gra- cious! There's nothing in Keyes or Laski or Justice Holmes about such anti-social goings- on. What about the public sector? What wouldl Galbraith say? I This seems to be the climax 9f his trip. But lately he had been "shook" to find that  the toll of the Mackinac bridge is a prohibii- tive $3.75." This bridge separates Detroit from Northern Miehigan, you may know, which teems with deer. Alas, the poor hunter with only a couple of thousand worth of equip- :AI menh who can't pay this discriminating tollI f fee. 'qF Also, T.R.B. rode over a federal interstate highway system which will cost $41 billion and, he says, is the "greatest engineering feat of man." He seems to think Uncle Sam gave it to us. Dear Uncle. But where did our ever-loving uncle get the money? Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus. 'We Adore Only Christ-Paul VI By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. EADING Pope Paul's encyclical, I was struck by the constantly re- curring references to Christ. The Pope devotes many paragraphs to the bond between the Church and Christ and makes many isolated references to the t h e m e in various places throughout the text. Last fall at the Council he drew the rapt attention of many Protestant observers with his words about Christ. In his opening address at the second session he de- voted several paragraphs to his request to the bishops 'that they keep Christ constantly before their minds in their deliberations. ONE MIGHT think these repeated and ex- tensive allusions to Christ out of place in this encyclical. It is addressed to the bishops and surely they need no reminder of the central place of Christ in Catholic life and thought. Yet Paul urges the bishops to keep "always before your eyes" this central theme of Cath- olic teaching. Here, as in his opening address last fall, the Pope was addressing his remarks not only to the Catholic bishops but to all Pro- testants as well. He wanted to bring home to Protestants the fact that the Catholic Church does hold that Christ is our Life and Guide, the ultimate Authority in the Catholic Church. There are many Protestants who feel that the Catholic Church has exalted the Pope to such a degree as to dethrone Christ and put the Pope in his place. They assert that only God is infallible and that the Catholic Church, by de- claring the Pope infallible, has deified him and so they regard the concept of an infallible Pope as the height of human pretension and ar- rogance. A PROTESTANT author has objected to the phrase used by Catholics, "The Church is the continuation of the Incarnation." He claimed that the assumption of such a title leads to idolatry. If the CatholicChurch pictures itself as the continuation of the Incarnation, then it will consistently claim that it is the equivalent of the God Who took flesh and dwelt amond us in Palestine. The inevitable result of such way of thinking, he said, would be the infallible Pope concept, the Catholic Church arrogating to itself the person and authority of Christ. So Pope Paul in the encyclical is saying in effect: "We do adore Christ as supreme." Quoting from the encyclical of Pope Plus XII on the Mystical Body, he says: "We must accustom ourselves to see Christ in the Church. It is Christ who lives in the Churel' Who teaehes, governs, and sanctifies throug it." Then he makes clear that the whole hier- archy (including the Pope) is simply a means to bring Christ to the people. It is divine only in the sense that God established the hierarchy in His Chureh at its foundation. But it is an instrument and therefore sub, ordinate to the God who employs it for Hi purposes: "It is by means of this divine in, strumentality that Christ communicates to I-I mystical members the marvels of His truth a,.W of His Grace, and confers on His Mystical Body as it travels its pilgrim way through time, its visible structure, its sublime unity, its ability to function organically, its harmonious complex. ity, its spiritual beauty." Elsewhere in the encyclical, the Pope says he is distressed that many separated brethren . regard the Papacy as a stumbling-block to unity because of its claim to primacy of honr and jurisdiction. He observes that the Papacy ? the very principle of unity in the Church an that it was given to the Church by Christ Him, self. Nor is this claim to primacy a prideful and arrogant one. "It is a primacy of service, of ministration, of love." Free Will Free 'No Matter' By REV. LEO J. TRESE ,! OD has endowed us with free will, so we may be capable of making a willing choice of Him. Only by being free could we make that act of love which is embodied in an act of self-surrender. We know our freedom can be limited by "externals. The will is a blind faculty. It can act only when motives for action are presented by the intellect. When the mind forms the judg- ment, "This is a good thing to do," the will responds and the choice is made. Any factor which affects the mind's judg- ment necessarily affects the will's freedom. This is recognized both in civil and in moral law. A person cannot be convicted of first de- gree murder if he can prove that his crime was unpremeditated and committed under a sudden excess of passion. Neither will a person go to hell for a sin which, while objectively grave, is lacking in the deliberateness which would make it a real. rejection of God. Emotions and passions play the most havoc with the will's freedom, by obscuring the lucid- ity of the mind's judgment as to the goodness or badness of a particular actioq. Fear, anxiety, anger and sexual excitement can be particularly disturbing to freedom of decision. A woman may be so fearful of pregnancy that she uses contraceptives in spite of good resolutions. A man of otherwise blameless life may be so anxious about family needs that he becomes a thief. A teenager may be so be- deviled by a sudden or prolonged sexual urge as to sin against cliastity. It would be folly to rationalize our sit hoping to escape responsibility by manufactu ing excuses. It is only God, with His full view of the human heart, Who can accurately assess the degree of culpability. It is enough, if under unbearable stress, a person lacked freedom to make the right choice. This is comforting. It is equally comforting to know God can influence our freedom. With- out entirely destroying our liberty, God can and does often make easy for us a course of actior that will redound to our good. H we have t responsive will and a sincere desire to do what is right, we can be sure that in many wavering moments God has weighted the odds in our favor. By an inf0sion of extra grace or by a more favorable arrangement of circumstances, God has made easier our decision and ultimate victory. Operation of the human will is shrouded in mystery. Some men try to escape the mystm" by denying of human freedom, saying freede! I is an illusion; we do what we must because we must. Conscience gives the lie to such escapism. Given reasonable mental health, there is a point at which we freely choose. WE are subject to pressures and recipients of grace. Despite pressures and grace, there is that margin of freedom. We speak our own "yes" or "no."