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Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 28, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 28, 1964

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English Mass Launches Liturgical Week - Secon00 Section- I Lifurgisfs 5 28, ,964 Urged Will Teach Nomad Tribesmen In Renewal CAPE TOWN, South Africa (NC) -- Two young members of the Little Brothers of Jesus arrived here on their way to An- gola where they will work among the K'ung bushmen. Brother Francois, a Frenchman, and Brother Charles, a Bel- gian, will continue the work of Father Jean-Marie, who died last year after eight years among the bushmen. He founded a center to help these nomads, called Chamavere. The K'ung bushmen are a dying race, near to starvation ost of the year. They have no permanent homes and often eep in the open. They get meat only a few days of the year, fruit for about 65 days a year and for the rest mostly go hungry. The Little Brothers of Jesus are trying to teach them to set- tle in homes and to engage in agriculture. First for Trappist Abbot ORLAND, Calif. (NC) -- The sight of a Trap#st abbot of- ficiating at a marriage ceremony is as rare as -- well, as a speechless office seeker at a political convention. te But when Clara Ann Lavey of this city and Michael D. rown of Chico, Calif., were married in St. Dominic's church re, Abbot Eusebius Wagner, O.C.S.O., of Our Lady of New Clairvaux abbey, Vina, Calif., read the exchange of vows cere- mony and offered the nuptial Mass. It was the first time in his priestly career that the abbot had officiated at a wedding cere- mony. New Education Record Set LONDON (NC)--Catholic students at all Catholic schools in England and Wales this year reached a record total of 770,000, the Catholic Education Council announced. The number in state-aided schools amounted to 620,000, an ncrease of 23,000 on last year and 225,000 on 14 years ago, hile the number of state-aided Catholic schools rose by 45 to a peak of 2,241. Tax Law Exempts Churches MADRID (NC) -- The Spanish tax reform law which be- comes effective next January 1 exempts from taxes urban properties belonging to the Catholic Church, or to foreign states, corporations and individuals to whom the principle of nternational reciprocity can be applied." The exemption of Church properties conforms with the concordate between Spain and the Holy See. African Mission Progresses EMBAKWE, Southern Rhodesia (NC)--With the blessing and opening of a new church building August 16, the Catholic mis- sion here completes its 60th year. The new building, Church of the Sacred Heart, is designed ST. LOUIS (NC) -- One of the two American members of the Vatican I i t u r g y commission asserted here that all members of the Church must join in the restor- ation of the liturgy if the cur- rent renewal is really to suc- ceed. Archbishop Paul J. Hallinan of Atlanta, speaking at a Litur- gical Week session August 27, said the new role of the laity is "to speak up, to sing out, to volunteer, to help, to instruct." "If the liturgy is to be re- stored," he said, "if man is to be sanctified and God praised, if we are to become truly 'one in holiness,' then it must be done by the whole Church, not only by the bishops, priests and leaders among the faith- ful." "It will either be accom- plished by the gradual join- ing in of all God's people, the eager and the apathetic the anxious and the confident, the favorable and the hostile, or it will not be done rightly at all," he said. The Atlanta prelate called on Religious to see their parish churches rather than their chapels as the focal point of their prayer life. He said: "A special responsibility for Sisters and Brothers is to real- ize that after the diocese, the parish is the true liturgical en- tity. The 'sense of community' which is so vital is nourished primarily not in the faculty house, nor the school, nor the convent chapel, but in the par- ish church. There need be no revolution here, nor a break- ing up of traditional images or chapel altars. All that is needed is a due sense of proportion. "The liturgy in the parish church is more than just in a central location. It is the ordinary source of the Church's power. It is the or- dinary elimax of the Church's efforts." Archbishop Hallinan acknowl- edged that there is "some re- sistance to the new changes." While declaring that "zeal for the liturgy is a sign of the providential disposition of God in our time," he called for spe- cial tact: "We also need tact and courtesy and kindness and persuasion, and all these are Besides money from parishioners, donors include German Catholics responding to a circular letter issued by Julius Car- dinal Doepfner of Munich and funds from the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith in Rome. Asks Peace in South Tyrol BRESSANONE, Italy (NC) -- Bishop Joseph Gargitter of Bolzano-Bressanone appealed for peace in a message of greet- ing to the clergy and Catholics of his diocese upon taking charge of the renamed and reshuffled church district which includes both German-speaking and Italian inhabitants. In his message, the Bishop enjoined his Italian-speaking priests not to lose sight of "our mutual calling of peace and charity" "We want to strengthen and help all Catholics with equal /eve and devotion, without distinction of language," the Bishop eclared. In his pastoral, Bishop Gargitter announced the opening of a minor seminary in Bolzano for Italian-speaking students. to meet modern theological thinking and the wishes of the the ways of charity... Those Second Vatican Council. It is spacious, built in ste and glazed "" realWh lOVeelite,theandliturgyits muStforemostbe a brick and adorned with smooth terrazzo ad s]iiiling plaster, mark should be deep humility." Yugoslav Seminary Reopening BONN (NC)--The Yugoslav government has given permission to the Catholic seminary in Spalato, Croatia, to reopen this fall fter being closed for five years, the German Catholic News gency here reported. It also said that 74 priests were ordained in Yugoslavia this year--the largest number of Yugoslav priests ordained in one year since World War II. Gift from the President RECEIVING ONE of the pens President Lyndon B. John- son used to sign into law the "anti.poverty" bill is Msgr. Francis T. Hurley, assistant general secretary, National Catholic Welfare Conference David J. McDonald, presi- dent United Steel Workers of America (tie), look on. California Bishops Ask End of Bias SACRAMENTO, C a 1 i f. (NC)mThe Catholic bish- ops of California in a joint statement i s s u e d here have called upon their people "to work together to- ward the goal of healing the ancient wounds of discrimin- ation." "Through friendly coopera- tion we must work with energy and perseverence to provide for all, equal opportunity for employment, decent and proper housing, and full participation in educational facilities, pre- serving always the freedom of conscience in the free exercise of suffrage," the August 24 statement said. The statement was signed by James Francis Cardinal McIn- tyre of Los Angeles; Arch- bishop Joseph T. McGucken of San Francisco; Bishop Aloy- sius J. Willinger, C.SS.R., of Monterey-Fresno; Bishop Floyd L. Begin of Oakland; Bishop Hugh A. Donohoe of Stockton; Bishop Alden J. Bell of Sac- ramento; Bishop Francis J. Furey, Apostolic Adminirtrator of San Diego, and Bishop Leo T. Maher of Santa Rosa. The bishops said "that se- einl justice and rnoinl har- mony cannot co-exist with the hatred and discrimination of the racist, nor with the misguided activities of agi- tators which lead to violence and subversion of the law." "Only in the atmosphere of Christian love, through prudent and energetic cooperation can we, with the help of God, make positive progress toward the solution of the complex prob- lems of racial justice," the statement asserted. To Entertain Servicemen DUBUQUE, Iowa (NC)-- Drama students from Clarke College have been selected by the American Educational The- ater Association to take their "Coffee House Theatre" on a tour of U.S. bases in Europe in August and September. A pioneer in improvisational theater, the Clark Drama De- partment has been experiment- ing with Coffee House--black- outs, satiric revues, folk sing- ing, instant theatre, and dance --since the fall of 1981. The troupe will tour for seven weks, giving 45 performances in Germany, France, Italy and Scotland. ABSOLUTION in English will be used in Confession beginning September 14 in the United States. "I absolve you from your sins . . . ," the priest will say. Most of the other Sacraments and sacramentals similarly will be in English. Archbishop Reh to Head North American College VATICAN CITY (NC) Archbishop M a r t i n J. O'Connor has resigned as llth rector of the North Amer- ican College and will be re- placed by Bishop Francis F. Reh of Charleston, S. C. At his own request Archbish- op O'Connor gave up the post he held for almost 18 years. He explained that pressure of work in connection with sev- eral positions he holds in the Vatican administrative offices has made it impossible for him to give sufficient attention to his duties as rector. He will remain in Rome as president of the Pontifical Commission for the Communi- cations Media which he found- ed in 1948 at the request of Pope Pins XII. First called the Pontifical Commission for Religious and Didactic Films, it was revamped in 1955 to in- clude radio and television. In February 1959 Pope John XXIII made it a permanent of- fice attached to the Papal Sec- retariat of State. Archbishop O'Connor was also president of the ecumen- ical council's communications media secretariat which pre- pared the decree on the me- dia of social communica- tions approved by the coun- cil Fathers and promulgated by Pope Paul VI on Decem- ber 3, 1963. Archbishop O'- Connor holds several other Curia offices. Born in Scranton, Pa., in 1900, he was ordained in 1924 and consecrated Auxiliary Bish- op of Scranton in 1943. His ap- pointment to the North Amer- ican College came in 1946. Bishop RCh, a 53-year-old na- tive of New York City, has been the Ordinary of Charles- ton since June 1962. He was ordained in 1935 after studies at the North American College. He served as vice rector of the institution from 1954 to 1958. He was rector of St. Jo- seph's Seminary in Yonkers, N.Y., from 1958 to 1902, when he was named bishop of Charleston. As rector Archbishop O'- Conner directed extensive re- construction of the old col- lege located in Via Dell "Umilta" in downtown Rome and of the summer villa San- ta Caterina near Castel Gun- dolfo in the "&lban hills near Rome. The new seminary building on Janiculum hill overlooking Vatican City was opened Octo- her 14, 1953. Since then the old college has served as a resi- dence hall for student priests taking graduate studies in Rome. Both institutions have been under Archbishop O'Con- nor's responsibility. 'Cultural Relics:' Communist Chinese Begin Reform of Peking Opera HONG KONG (NC)-- Despite their great and enduring popularity, all traditional Chinese operas and plays are being scrapped by the Chinese Communist govern- ment as "cultural relics" as part of a vigorous campaign to extend its thought control campaign. Branded in the mainland press and in speeches as serv- ing" "feudalism and capitalism" the rom antic, imaginative themes of traditional Peking opera have been replaced by modern revolutionary themes portraying such subjects as in- dustrial production, agricultural quotas and other aspects of Communist revolution. Although reports received here state public response to the recently concluded two- month-long opera festival in Peking which concentrated on the new themes, was far from enthusiastic, the government is persevering in its efforts to convert all the dramatic arts into vehicles of official propa- ganda. According to a speech on the reform of Peking opera, made by Peng Chen, member of the Secretariat of the Central Com- mittee of the Chinese Commu- nist party July 1, and printed in the July 31 issue of "Hong- gi" No 14 (Red Flag): Peking Opera like all lit- erature and art must serve politics and the development of productive forces. The mass of workers, peasants and soldiers, and es- pecially the young people, are dissatisfied with Peking opera always staging plays about emperors, kings, generals, and not staging plays on contempo- rary, revolutionary themes. The ideological content of Peking opera should be revo- lutionary. More ground rules for the further advance and reform of Peking opera art according to the "spir;'. of the times," set forth in the Peking Review of August 7 (No. 32) stipulate among other things that: LIBRETTISTS: "It is of para- mount importance that they .r mould their ideology by going out among the workers, peas- ants, and soldiers, not just for a short time but for consid- erable portions of time, the longer the better." ACTORS: "... must get rid of the old habit of slavishly playing up individual charac- ters at the expense of overall concept or significance of an opera." DIRECTORS: "... have the duty, too, of acting not only as leaders artistically, but also politically." Playwriting is apparently in- cluded under the same general mandate. One of the reported "hits" of the Peking theatrical season bears the title: "A Bucket of Manure." Bellingham Pastor Dies in Ireland The Rev. John C. O'Connell, pastor of Bellingham's As- sumption Parish, died sudden- ly August 26 in Ireland. The 60-year-old pastor, a priest of the Archdiocese since 1928, was vacationing* in Ire- land. He died at I p.m. (Pa- cific Daylight Saving Time) Wednesday, according to a trans-Atlantic phone call from Rev. Gerald Lover of Seat- tle's Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish, who is also vacationing in Ireland. Burial was held from St. Brendan's Church in Ardfert, County Kerry. Born October 12, 1903 in Lim- erick, Ireland, Father O'Con- nell received his early educa- tion from the Christian Broth- ers in Tralea and at St Brew dan's in Killarney. He attended Urban College in Rome from 1922 to 1924 before entering St. Peter's Seminary in Wexford, Ireland. He was ordained for the Dio- cese of Seattle in 1928 and was first assigned as an assistant at Seattle's Assumption Parish. Subsequent assignments includ- ed being chaplain of Mary- mount Military Academy, Ta- coma: administrator of St. Mary's Parish, Monroe, andu- sistant pastor at Immaculate Conception, Everett, and St. Joseph's, Wenatchee. He became a naturalized ci- tizen in 1939 in Everett. His first pastorate came in 1939 at St. Joseph's in Cash- mere and Leavenworth; pastor of St. Thomas', Riverton; ad- ministrator of Holy Cross, Tacoma; and pastor of St. Mary's, Marysville from 1957 to 1960. He was named pastor of Bel- lingham's larger parish Feb- ruary 12, 1960. Father O'Connell's parents were Daniel and Elizabeth Crowley O'Connell. Mrs. E. O'Connell o f Ballylongford, County Kerry, a near relative, survives him. St. Brendan's in Ardfert was the family parish. Liturgical Booklet Published ATLANTA, Ga. (NC) -- An instructional booklet for parish- ioners entitled *'How to Under- stand Changes in the Liturgy," by Archbishop Paul J. Hallinan of Atlanta, has been published here. Copies can be obtained for 25c each from G. B. Publica- tions, Atlanta, Ga. The Holy Sacrifice Served As Keynote By Paul McCloskey ST. LOUIS (NC) -- The annual Liturgical Week got underway here with major stress on the 20th cen- tury Catholic's mandate for responsible involvement, not only in the public worship of the Church, but also--in coop- peration with men of all faiths and none--in efforts to solve "the problems and perplexities of this world." Serving as beth the foundation and keynote for the Week was the opening Mass offered at 5 p.m. August 24 in massive Kiel Auditorium. This Eucharist was in effect a preview demon- strating the broad potential offered by the constitution on the liturgy enacted by the ecumenical council, and the American Bishops' decrees for putting it into effect, which are to become general throughout the country next November 29. English was used for all of those prayers and Scripture readings which the Bishops have decided will he in the ver- nacular. Most of the Service of the Word was in English--not only the unchanging parts such as the Kyrie, Gloria and Creed, but also the Introit, Epistle, Gradual and Gospel. In the Euchar- istic Liturgy, the Offertory Anthem and Sanctus, and Lord's Prayer and most of the rest of the Communion Service were all in English. The Frederick R. McManus, Catholic University of America canon law professor and liturgical expert of the ecumenical council, was celebrant. He offered Mass facing the people, at a large but starkly simple altar table. It was he who preacheci the homily on the liturgy of the day, the feast oft he Apostle Bartholomew, and he who led the restored "Prayer of the Faith- ful," a brief litany of intercessions especially for the Church's bishops, priests and people, all Christians, the Jewish people, government leaders, and those involved in the cause of justice, including civil rights. For the congregation, 11,000 strong, there was total involve- ment. During the Communion, when "the celebrant and a score of priests and deacons fanned through the auditorium to bring Communion to the people, congregation and choir joined in two Communion songs. One, in the style of a Negro spiritual, was sung by its composer, Father Clarence $. Rivers of Cincinnati, as cantor. The people sang the refrain: "God is love, and he who abides in love abides in God, and God in him." The Mass was filmed and tape-recorded to serve as a guide for the future for dioceses across the nation. Convention deliberations began the same night with a wel- come by Joseph Cardinal Ritter, host bishop and one of the 42 members ofthe ecumenical council's liturgy commission. The Cardinal read a personal message sent by Pope Paul VI for the occasion. Father Gerard S. Sloyan, president of the Liturgical Confer- ence and head of the department of religious education at the Catholic University of America, also extended a welcome to other Christians and to "our Jewish friends . . . here as our elder brothers." Pope Pledds for Peace On War Anniversaries CASTEL GANDOLFO, Italy--Aug. 26 Pope Paul VIi s s u e d a passionate plea for peace among nations and d e n o u n c e d nationalistic pride, armaments race and eco- nomic antagonisms as syrup- Stamp Issued Mail reaching the U S. from Argentina brings evidence of tribute paid by still another country to the late President John F. Kennedy. This is a four pesos stamp issued by Ar- gentina. tomatic of "growth of divisions and opposition between peo- ples," here today. The Pontiff called on all na- tions to remember that "se- curity is found . . . in an ef- fort at mutual understanding . . mutual trust, spirit of col- laboration for the common good and aid, particularly to developing countries, "rather than on hypothesis of a law- ful and collective use of armed force." "In a word, it rests on love," he added. The Pope made his plea for peace at a regular general audience. He said he would dis- cuss "some serious thoughts" because of the 50th anniversary of the First World War and the 25th anniversary of the Second. He said he was also motivated to these thoughts by "acute disagreements, already stained with blood and pregnant with menacing omens, existing today between various countries." In a voice choked with emotion, the Pope pleaded: "Men of good will: listen to our humble voice, that of a brother and a father, evok- ing undying memories of two fearful wars, not to proieet upon the world's p r e s e n t stage empty and frightening phantoms." He urged to all responsible reflection and "to place above every o t h e r interset, every Pope Asks Peace other value, that of human dig- nity and brotherly peace and a In Cyprus VATICAN CITY (NC)--Pope Paul VI has urged Turkey, Greece and the government of Cyprus to restore harmony to the strife-torn island of Cyprus. In identical telegrams des- tined for all the three govern- ments the Pope said it is "the duty of his apostolic ministry" to make known his anguish at the internecene warfare on Cy- prus. Contrary to the usual cus- tom, the contents of the tele- gram were revealed by the Vatican press office. The telegrams, sent on the Pope's behalf by Amletu Car- dinal Cicognuni, papal secre- tary of state, were addressed to the apostolic nuncio in It- aly, Archbishop Carlo Grano, and to the charge d'affairs of the internuneiature in Tar- key, Msgr. Luigi Bellotti, Archbishop G r a n o was charged with making the message known to the ambas- sadors of Cyprus and Greece in Rome while Monsignor Bel- lotti was charged with relay- ing the contents to the Turkish government. foretaste of joy and prosperity which can never again be born of war, but only of peace in sincerity and goodness." barbecue tonight? ... make if marvelous with KIKKoMAN teriyaki marinade