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Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 26, 1904     Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 26, 1904

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,r JH i FEDERATION DISCOURSE "AMERI3AN FEDERATION OF j. CATHOLIC SOCIETIES LISTENS TO ELOQUENT VIN, DICATION OF CATHOBIO FIDELITY AND PLEA FOR GOOD CITIZENSHIP. irtue, Religion and Truth Make Men Free, and in America With Civil Equality Oatholies Are the Freest People in the World. Continued From Last Week. ,HAT have the Catolics of W this country ever done timt their loyalty should be called in question by any one? Have we ever taken up arms against our government? Have we ever plotted for its overthrow? Is a century o[ good, loyal conduct no ar- gument in[favor of the Catholic Church iu this country? Hero iu this free land, liberty of conscience is' guaran- teed to all by the constitution of the United States, and it is the proud boast of the American people that here ever- yone is permitted to worship God ac- cording to hl conscience. Let Amer- icans never forget that tiffs liberty to worship God according to one's con- science was first proelsimed in this oountxy by the Catholi, olony of Marylacd. Why should tin. prejudme exist against tile Catholic religion, when all other terms of religion are allowed to go unrebuked? What have we ever done that we should be sin- gled out as the enemies of tle Repub- lio?this Republic for which Catho- lics by thousands poured out their blood. We yield to no class of citizens, any other religious denomiuation in our love for tt land in which we live and from which we derive shelter and support=-neither shall we yield on io- ta of our love for God and our holy Churehthat grand old Church that has withstood the storms and vieissi- tunes of nineteen hundred years--the Church that has Christianized the Christian world--whose missionaries have penetrated into the four quarters of the globe, into the wilds of Asia, the deserts of Africa, the islands of the sea and the ferests of'our own Amer- ican continentthat grand old Church whose banner of tile Cross was first thrown to the breeze in the New World by the great Catholic discoverer, Chris- topher Columbustim graud old Church that has Witnessed the rise and falLof empires and kingdoms, and still flourishes, beautiful, brigilt and im- mortal as when it came forth from the hand of God on the morning of its birth nearly two thousand years ago. But, whilst we re Catholics in re- ligion, and love our God nd our Church, in civil life we are American oitizens,a title of which we are proud. We take as mueli pride in calling our selves American citizens as St. Paul did in calling himself a Roman citizen. We are proud to be citizens of the freest, happiest and greatest country on earh,a country whose flag has nee- ' ' esbeen stained by religious persecu- tion. We urn proud to be ruled by a government thathas never put any man to death for his religion. We are glad we escaped from th0 religious ty- rany of the Old World,wlere so called Christian rulers persecute our co-reli- g|.iBts and banish timm from timir homes ald ceuntry. America, liberal and free America, opens her ports to those poor exiles and welcomes thegn to homes beneath the protection of her flag. What a contrast between some of the European governments and the American governments And the Amer- ican government in their relation to tile Catholic -Church, Here, where there is no union between Church and State, the government has no control over the Church. Here, the Church financial support O A WEEKLY FAMILY NEWSPAPER. SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 26, 1904 PRICE FIVE CENTS ther, tbe bishops and priests. ,Our Eu- ropean brethren sometimes call us "liberal" Catholics. Yes, American Catimlios are liberal. They py more for the supvort of religion, education, charitable institutions and the Holy Father, than any other country in the world. While the Church on the Eu- ropean continent is bound hand and foot by the civil governments, tim Church in liberal Amemea is free, outhful, vigorous, exuberant and full of lifo and faith. The Catholic church is more flourishing in this glorious Republic, beneath the warm rays of the sun of liberty, than in ay other part of the world. , The enemies of our faith lmve been telling us in this country for years that the Catholic Church could not fiourisll in a free Republic; and that liberty would kill if. The flourishing condition of tbe Cathoho Church in this free Republic disproves that false statement. With a fair field and no favor, the Catholic Church is the most flourishing religious denomination in our country today, notwithstanding we are burdened with the extra expense of supporting our parochial schools, and notwithstanding tile prejudice that exists against our faith. A hun- dred and twenty-eight years ago, when tbis Republic was born,there were one Bishop, thirteen priests and about 40,- 000 atholies in this country. There are more Catholics in the City of De- troit today than there were in the whole country at the nation's birth. We lmve now one Cardinal, 97 Bish- opt, i8,300 priests, and the Catitolie population is estimated at about 1- 000,000, though I believe it is nearer 15,000,000, with churches, parochial scllools, universities, colleges, con- vents, hospitals, orphan asylums and religious institutions of every kind dotting the land. Let our European critics take note of that. That is a sample of true Catholic "American- ism." Tim objection that the Catholic Chureh can not flourish m a free re- public being disposed of, the enemies of our faith will tell us timt the Catholic Church is secretly opposel to republics, and that sbe is particularly a menace to the free institutions of our country. This alse charge can be as easily disposed of as the other. Tlmre is nothing in Catholic govern- mental policy or in Cnuroh theology opposedto Republican governments. Our greatest tlmologian, St. Thomas Aquinas, who wrote as early as the thirteenth century, in treating of the different forms of government, says: "The choice of rulers iu any state or kingdom is best when one is selected for hismerit to preside over all." Tiffs is the way the Pope is selected as well as the Iresident of lhe United States. The government of our Re- public closely resembles the govern- mont of the Catholic Church. As each diocese has home rule and a Bishop of its o*wn,so each tate has home rule and Governor of its own. Like the dioceses and the Bishops that are sub- ordinate to a central power at Rome, so the States and tbe Governors are subordinate to a central power at Washington. To continue the larallel, the Pope and the President are elective officers, Hm one by a limited,the other by a universal suffrage. As all om citizens are equal before  the laws of the State, so all Catholics are equal bef-re the laws of the Clmroh. But there is no oomparisoo between the limits of tile Catlmlio ChuIch and; the limits of tile United States. Tile Catholic Church is not bounded by national lines, and lmnce site has no national capitals. The atholic Gimreh is universal,with its capiial at Rome. It is tim kiugdom of God on eaztl. An empire embracing in its spiritual ei'tizenship all the countries d all the races in the world, an em- pire upon which it may be truly said the sun not only never sets, but it nee- WASHIIqGTO00q NEWS LETTER A BIT OF CHURCH LIFE IN PURI- TAN DAYS IN BOSTON AND HOW IMPOSSIBLE FREEDOM WAS IN SUCH EXACTING TIMES. Penalties for Absence from Church-- Methods of Preserving Decorum Class Distinction Promoted by Customs Unworthy so Ser- ious a People. Sneoial Correspondence of The Catholic Progress. 'ASHINGTON, August 22.-- The religion of a people who believe in taking liter- al interpretations of the Old Testament as their guide in the gov- ernment of a country which they had misnamed the "land of the free," reached the height of its impossible demands at the middle of the Seven- teenth century. A st'atute framed in Boston in 1653 regarding the penalties for breaking the laws of Sunday ob- servance are the severest of any formed before or since, and show what a day of dismal gloom this day of rest must have been. In the days of the Puritans, an ob- servance of Sunday meant an atfend- anec at all the church meetings, and it meant little else. Worship in the public meeting house was compelled by law. When the bell tolled out its summons, all must go, willing or oth- erwise, and notwiflstanding the diffi- culties in the way of the journey. This often meant a tramp of many miles over rough ground where one carried his footgear in his hands. At the time this severest of all stat- utes was passed in Boston, no one was allowed to go anywhere on Sunday ex- cept to ehurch, unless there were some extraordinary need or the errand was one of mercy. No one was permitted to go from one town to another on that day or to enter any public house for u drink. Guards were stationed at the edge of the town Salurday night at sundown to see that no vehicle passed either in or out of the city from that time until the close of the following day, and labor of all sort was prohibited. Even children were ot allowed to be seen in the street nor young men and women to prome- nade. In fact, it was because the worthy town officials had heard of the grievous misdemeanor of childish laughter in public highways, and' had been informed that certain young peo- ple had Committed the offense against God of walking in the fields on the Lord's day, that the statute regulating penalties for these faults had been en- acted. Parents were responsible for the misdemeanor of children between te ages of seven and fourteen. Over that age they were required to receive themselves, the penalty of their own misdoing. For breaking any of these laws the first time, the punishment was a severe reprimand from the chief executive of the town. If any daring child escaped for a moment the family corral to frolic upon the public high- way, this untoward action would not fail to bring his parents into open disgrace. 'For a second offense of the same kind a fine of five shillings was im- posed, and for the third offense, ten shillings. Adults who could no pay the fines were subject to a public whip- ping at the han(s of the constable, wbo was not allowed, however, to deal out more than five blows as an equiv- alent for the ten .shillings fine, and less for the smaller one. Iu the Puritan days in Boston an officer of tlie law was g'ivcn charge of every ten houses in one neighbor- hood to see that the observance of Sunday was kept. ltis authority was supreme. He was not only allowed to keep a watch upon who came in and out of one's hottse, but lw had the right go go inside himself to see just wtmt was being done. He was an inspector. There were inspectors for everything that might unlawfully happen. Amoug others, there was lhe iusl)ector of youths, who But not even Puritan adults:enjoyed oing to church if the records of his- tory all read aright. They went be- cause they had to, and they didnT listen to the sermon either. If they had been in the habit of so doing, the stories told of them would never have been recounted. One of these concerns an old woman who, when she was asked if she had understood t:he ser- mon, answered by exclaiming that she wouldn't have so much presumption as to try to understand what the good man was aying. It is also told of a minister of the early time that: h tried to instill good cheer into the heart of one mem- ber of his flock by exclaiming after the service: "Sunday must be a great blessing to you who work so hard during the week." "Ira}ned, sir," the good churchman refilled, "I work hard enough all the week, that"s certain. But then I come to church .Sunday and just sit down and think about nothing." He didn't reply that he went to sleep, although he probably did, for sleeping in church was so much a cus- tom among the early Puritans thai: one of'the church officers was a man who went up and down the aisles during the services armed with a long pole, with a hard round knob on the end of it. With this, in no particularly gentle mann', he touched t]e heads of those who; sleeping, snored too loudly. When they were dismissed finally it was in a regularly ordained malt- ner which ruled that the first pews must be emptied first, because here the people of rank and wealth sat." Occupants of rear pews were requh'ed t'o wait until their betters had left the church. Outside the meeting house no one was allowed to loiter to say a kindly word to a neighbor, on pain of being caught by an ever- vigilant officer of the law'and hurried away to the pillory. The best part of the modern church service--the kind- ly shaking of hands after the sermon, was considered a crime in the days of _the Puritan. The modern htbit, al- so, of beginning to think of depar- tures before the end has arrived is seen in the sight of historical facts to be honestly inherited. E. L. SCHARF, Ph.D. REPENTING AND AFOOT TO ROME. Prince and Princess Doing Penance for Scandal and Separation. Prince and Princess Schoenburg- Waldenburg are now on a long journey to present their humble submission to the laws of the Catholic Church through Pope Plus X who officiated at their marriage,at Venice in 1897. The: Princess is [he daughter of Don Carlos, pretender to the throne/ of Spain. Mutual disagreements and recriminat- ing accusations as well as personal ln- iury led to a divorce and much scandal last December. Being personal friends of the Pope he never ceased lamenting the course the young people had taken and now through his instrumntaltt'y a reconciliation has been effected and hand in hand the tzouple will travel afoot over four hundred miles of rough and mountainous road to Rome, where they will start on a life of humility and charity. The self-imposed penance is a hard one being pursued with great fidelity and when oecasion offers they are dispensing charity. They are i ot clothed in royal garments, but in coarse and homely apparel and in no wise disguising the fact that they are in need of penance, and that they pray for pardon. Trudgtng through dust anti heat of day they never complain. Over the Alps and wearily round many a tower- ing cliff they will wenef their weary way. Footsore and thirsting they will dri-nk from mountain streams nor wish for the nectar that made the life at ourt so delusive and artificial. The peasant whom they meet finds them his equal 'because sharing tTle dis- comforts of a homely life. Pride, the vice of SUl)erficial people, has departed and a larger life is theirs 1)ecause sym- lmthy has brogh them in touch with their kind. A thousand years of proud CHRISTIANIZED newin thcirBishop.Calls to pay homage to their ...... :'LI: CANNIBALS evening public prayers, with chant, were offered. I is customary :,: to observe these exercises each morn- !i ing and evening, and they are regular- A HALF CENTURY OF CHRISTIAN- ly attended by all the people Never ITY, THE LIVES OF A FEW GEN- have I witnessed anything more edify- ::{ ERATIONS OF MISSIONARIES ing than these daily devotions, and the :; TRANSFORMED TRIBAL SAVAG- attitude of the popular'ion. What a ERY INTO RIGHT HUMAN LOVE. marvelous result has been achieved by the heroic devoted missionaries. These ::! Experiences of a Newly Appointed people, whose faith is scm:ce fifty years Bishop in His Triumphal Journey old, puts into the shade the devotion to the Seat of His Diocese. of even our best Aust'alian Catholics. "; Music, Feasts, Religion On Monday at midnight, we were . and Friendship in aroused by a great beating of lalis, Constant Attend- which was the signal to starf cooking ance. for the College Katoanga (festival gathering). Although rain was fall- ing, it did not hinder the preparations, ::i::(: Oceanica, the home of the cannibal and all night long,.the workers waded t2"ibes, has m interest to Catholics in the water like ducks. .t nine for various reasons. Recently Right o'clock in the morning tle weather Rev. Oiler, S. M., was appointed eo- cleared. Everything being in readi- adjutoF}bdshop of Central Oceanica, ness for the celebrations, the kavas ,. and on his return to his diocese he were dragged in, and twenty-one pigs i was given a warm welcome by tho l (the largest of which cost eight natives, whose rejoicing was unbound-]pounds), a large bullock, bunches of :i:i ed. The people are known as Togansl bananas, tapas, etc., were then brought and have for fifty years been under [and set before the assemblage. o as :: the influence of the Church, and as a[ nt tk) repeat myself, I will pass on to .? consequence they have abandoned their ] the great parochial Katoaga to hteh :: canibalistic hal)its. On the ret'urn of the above feast--a fine one Indeed for ii Dr. Oller great feasts were prepared college boyswas but a prelude. ! to celebrate his elevation, in which The Katoanga of Maofanga began oi ;numerous pigs fnrnished the substan- Wednesday evntng with the charac- tial roast instead of some human vic- teristic singing of the Matua, or el- tim as in pre-Christian generations ders, who came from several villages wonld have been the fact' in case of and formed three choirs. The Ton- a specially joyous feast. The new bish- gans are undoubtedly an offshoot of op was consecrated by Cardinal Me-t'he scattered Jewish race, and if proof ran of Australia: The. new bishop at o this assertion is required it is only : once set out for his fiehl of lahor n.ecessary to point out that their cus- accompanied by Father Piquet, S. M., i toms are Jewish, and their language .... 0 to whose interest the substance of this a compound of Hebrew and Greek. "":" sketch is due. He is sojourning in According to the traditions of the na ...... ii:j: that' beautiful climate for health's lives, this sacred chant of the Matua I sake, and takes a lively interest in the is a reproduction of Soiomon's thant affairs of the people. The story as at the consecration of the Temple. .{.:( TheY commenced to sing at seven :.ii::i published in The Church Progress, fl" i o'clock, and for four consecutive hour l owe : ...a After describing at length their vis- they never stopped; the three choirs: . its to Fiji and Samoa, where the relieving eachother in turn. The exe- were royally entertained by the a- eutlol of this ceremonial must be very ,,: fives, Father Piquet writes of the re- difficult, as the performers keep on th ception given them at Nukualofa, the chromatic gamut most of the time .... t pretty cai)ital of the Tongan Empire. However, it seems to be no hindrance .... ilii' There was a great number of people to them, and wm'e it not. for the men- on the wharf and as soon as permit- otonous recitative and their coarse ted, the crowd rushed upon deck, and voices, through over-smoking, one in a thousand ways manifested their would enjoy the unique music. delight at' Dr. Olier's return s their On Thursday at 8:30 a. m., the Ks- :::i Bishop. toanga proper began. This is eminent- }!!: As soon as Bishop Oller came in lya Tongan national fete, which origi. ,: sight, all the lulls or wooden bells of antes from time immemorial. For a the natives were sounded, the church while, it was allowed to lapse, but was bells pealed joyously, and the brass iudiciously revied by the present Co- bands played airs of welcome. The re- adjutor-Blshop, then Father Plier, as i ception was most enthusiastic. The an efficient means, tosether with kava- cathedral was first visited, and pray- making, of gathering and instructing ers of thanksgiving were offered. Then the natives. The two Bishops the mis- s solemn kava'was held, with nmch sionaries, the lay Brothers and Sisters, i:iii! display. The peculiar root was crush- the prlncil)al chiefs, and the people (of .:i! ed t'o pulp between two stones, dilnted all denomlnhtions) being sealed on the and pressed with the hands in water, ground, the Katoanga commenced. The :! strained through cocoanut fibers, and performers, sat Tongan fashion in six .,:i:!:: with special ceremony and singing groups. Then the provisions or offer- :,,,,/a:,:v., served out in a cocoanut shell, ac-ings were fetched. First came the ks- "' ' .. cording to rank. and dignity. After vas, some of them very large and thte rmmds, the kava was over, and heavy, upon rustic sledges, which were Dr. Plier held a kind of levee, there dragged by a number of women and .... i'. being no end to ring-kissing and con- ehihlren, all singing a peculiar ::5 gratulat'ions, rhythm, marking the pull and pace. ill On Pentecost Sunday morning at Then came sixty-four pigs roasted :eight o'clock Pontifical High Mass was with yams, which were pulled in the celebrated, at which Bisltop Olier .of- same way as the kavas. Some of them, :., ficiated. "Dr. Lanmze was present in which were very hig, were for the the sanctuary. Notwithstanding his higher chiefs. Then a huge sledge, on seventy-four years, forty of wllich have which lay a huge bullock, was hauled been spenf in the arduous work of the in. The 'slaughtered beast is not ntisslon, and the hardships experienced roasted, but is prepared for cooking ::"::' by land and sea hy a South Sea Island and carving. Upon this followed missionary, I)r. 1.amaze is robust and twelve hundred fai.ka.gais; or dishes :}' well preserved for one of his years, of bread fruit, banana, or sago, cook- His eyesight is good, and he can--like ed in cocoanut oil, within hanana 7 :he Cardinal--read the smallest print leaves, large bunches of bananas, .!:;ii wilhout glasses. Tbe solemnity of the rams, etc.. and a papalangi (European) ,ji entrance of the prelates n(1 priests to n'esent of a big sledge cart' laden with .; the cathedral was very intpressive, the eaves of bread and tins of ja'm, :;{j College brass band played the march. Meanwhile a l)rocession of women ,i. ::5' The Marist Fathers and the pupils of filed in carrying valuable nattes and' ,,i the Sisters' school led the congrega- fine tapas, some of them forty and tional singing, which was mostly in cven sixty yards in length. They also : ,, plain chant, althouglt parts of Weber's brought tobacco, fowls, aud eggs, and iMass was sung. The effecl was very one of them a long chain of shell " ::i idcvotional, and the music wouht have pearls. All of these objects were de-  ,:::! been perfect lint for over-rendering, posited, in order, before the'guests, ::.=' which proved the excessive joy and herahls being appointed t'o acknowl- '...!: earnestness of the singers. At the edge each cue, and to thank lhe don- Gospel, Dr. Plier delivered his first ors. At a given signal the carver iii!:'" receives no from the govenment; but her free- erSballset till it goes down at the evd sat with them in church to keep t'hent ancestry and the claim to titlcs pass sermou to the people, who listened t.i sprang forwar4, and in a few minutes d0nt more thau oompensates for that. of the world never more to rise. But, quiet during the preachiug of lh'e set'- for nothing when resolution constTalns his stirring words with rapt attenthm, they disected all the largest pigs, as . : In tlds country the Chur0h is liberally though the Catholic Church is not na. ion. The last l)enclies ,of the lower them to a better life., The whole congr0gation received l:loly well as the I)nllock, The vat'ious shm'es ' :: tional, Catholics should be tilourough- floor were reserved for small boys, Communion, and the sight' was a most were ther. sorted, proclaimed, and " luntar contribu- " . supported by the vo Y ,, ,,,Ha, t.h th 1,.,,B i,, whlnh anal the rear benthos el the gallery ...... edifying one. m:tde and when 'this was done the ::i!ii " ul and In - J . ,  P.I; a I'eon m/tss mo.I;lug of( In , .. . ,, ;,, . tlons of her generous falthf Y ., , ........... _ ^ .*.i ,.=. to' boys el a arger grow h. Knowl- .. ........ , .... , 13ened ctlon ot lhe Blessed Sa(q,.- speeclles l)t!gan. . :.t{ ff ' .... e who I/ney live, una btl)y isHouu on ill t{ur- " ...... 1-51rnllngnanl, 21nt., steps we, re ,K.,, .. v i'v(n i t lie at'  ' i:l al laity ,wno are exceueu, ay , , men" with their fellow citizens of ev edge o[ the Amerwan ,)oy today will provide It monument, to be erupted over ment x as g ' 1 I , tornoou at There vtere several .l)(akers. and :: are not equalled by any other Catho- ,.. ,)olitioal and reli,,ioas belief aid any one w!lo needs such help in t, he grave of. Fathe O'Reilly who lost four o'clock, followed by kava-making, grmeful allusions to the Pope, who i;i " lies on earth, in financial hberahty, "' .-.,. -e, ..... _ .... " determining whether or not t'hese in- his lifo through an aooident at the Dr. Oiler wa: kept busily egage(1 re- heroin:tied, and rhe Cardinal, who con- .}fi' .... to the Church, the Holy Fa- (Continued to Page 5.) specters earned their wages, maneuvering of state troops. ' ceiving the natii, e:, wt:o were ceaseles. secrated their heioved Coadjuto .... i::' GOOIIOB , . , , ;,,'!,