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August 24, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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4--THE PROGRESS Friday, Aucj. 24, 1962 i ii Number Twenty.Three LD Testament Scripture scholars tell us that certain numbers had great religious significance for the chosen people. The number three, for example, exemplified perfection; four signified the four regions of earth; seven in Israel was the number for completeness or consummation. Those who attended this week's Li- turgical Conference in the World's Fair Arena will tell you that the number 23 will long be remembered by thousands of chosen souls of the present dispensa- tion. For on August 23, 1962, the North American Liturgical Conference con- cluded its 23rd Liturgical Week with a solemn pontifical Mass celebrated by His Excellency the Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly who was himself on the eve of celebrating his 23rd year in the episcopacy. The 23rd North American Liturgi- cal Week will be remembered for the largest attendance in Conference history. Pittsburgh boasted a record of 3,676 participants in 1960. But unofficial totals for the Seattle Conference to date show well over 4,000 paid registrations. The eagerness and enthusiasm with which Catholics of the North- west answered the invitation of their Archbishop to spend a week of prayer and study centered about the Holy Sac- rifice of the Mass is indeed a beauti- ful commentary on the zeal and apos- tolic leadership that have character- ized his 23 years as a member of the American hierarchy, As Archbishop Connolly offered the solemn pontifical Mass facing a throng of some 5,000 worshippers on the eve of his episcopal anniversary there must have been great joy in his heart. That Mass, in which shepherd and flock were so closely united in the sacrifice of the spotless Lamb of God was the greatest anniversary gift God could give to any Bishop or Archbishop. May the Lord continue to bless Archbishop Connolly's untiring efforts to bring his people closer to the Mass. We wish him numbers of anniversaries filled with equal religious significance. Respect For Law Needed By J. J. Gilbert, WASHINGTON, Aug. 22--We need as a people to re-establish respect for law and order. This is the sobering advice of the director of the Federal Bureau of Investiga- tion, who reports that there is a "massive avalanche of crime" sweeping over the coun- try. "We shall see no abatement in widespread lawlessness as long as there is wholesale dis- respect for law and order in our Nation," J. Edgar Hoover has said in a message sent to law enforcement o f f ice r s throughout the land. While warning that "there is no one remedial answer to the problem," because "the causes and factors of crime are far too varied and complex," the FBI chief said: "Indulgence and materialistic selfishness are eroding the tried and true American traditions of honesty, integrity, and fair play." He said that "day and night, at work or play, the indivi- dual's basic rights of personal security and pursuit of happi- ness are steadily diminishing." The average man, woman, and child "is in greater dan- ger than over before of be- coming a victim of this crim- inal onslaught," he added. As evidence of the "massive avalanche" he warns against, the FBI director said some I,- 926,000 serious crimes were committed in 1961, "topping the all.time high record of the pre- vious year by 3 per cent." In fact, he added, "during the past 5 years, crime has outstripped 0'e growth of the population 5 to 1." Youthful criminality, which Hoover calls "long a forebod- ing facet in the crime picture," continues to rise. Arrests of persons under 18 years of age in 1961 were up four per cent over the 1960 total. This age represented 43 per cent of all arrests for the more serious crimes. "As could be expected with a spiraling crime rate," the message continued, "the role of the law enforcement officer has become increasingly haz- ardous. Of the 71 officers who met violent deaths during the course of their duties last year, 37 were killed by Vicious crim- inals. Twelve of the killers were 21 years of age or younger.:' Only an awakened and well-informed public opinion can solve the increase in crime, or any social prob- lem, Hoover believes. He feels the country's news me- dia have done a "superior public service" in presenting a factual picture of the situa- tion. The FBI head does not des- pair of Americans' ability to handle the situation, if they make up their minds to do so. "History has proved," he said, "that Americans, when faced with hard reality calling for effective action, traditionally rally to the cause." He believes action in the war against crime has never been more sorely z :ded. Disarm In Laos Spirit By Louis F. Budenz ictator Khrushchev's grand strategy has become q u i t e visible. That is, for all who want to see. It is nothing other than trying to make the United States perform on a world scale what has been agreed to in the Lens pact. That was what Khrushchev proposed to us, and how he intends to force us to yield. Nothing shows this better than The Worker of August 12. Hardly had Soviet Russia brusquely r e- jected our con- cessions on in- ternational in- spection of disarma- ment than the Red paper here rushed into the fray. LOUIS It said quite BUDENZ arbitrarily that Soviet Russia's resumption of testing was due to the fault of the United States. We read that "as long as the Kennedy administration persists in its strategy of terror," it is to be expected that Soviet Russia will test on its part. But the Soviet Union has always stood for "complete and total disarm- ament" and all good men must "write or wire the President" to come to agree- ment with Soviet Russia on Khrushchev's terms. * And what are the Soviet terms on disarmament? They are stated by Khrushchev in the address to the World Con- gress of Peace on July 10. This address was being distributed by the Communists here in English translation five days after its delivery in Moscow. Very definitely, Khrushchev spoke against any adequate inspection of disarmament on Soviet soil because it would ':throw the doors open to a reconnaissance and espionage system and thus make things easier for a potential aggres- sor." It would seem strange that Sovmt Russia, which has made such a to-do about "cultural exchanges" and "coexistence," should object to inspection of armaments on an international scale. And it is immediately evident that the great noise about "disarmament" which Moscow is making is a cover for stratagems which will get to unilateral disarmament. Just as in the Laotian pact, we have persuaded that "a neutral" regir0e has been established whereas Communist rejoicings say clearly that it is a pro- Communist set-up. Let us inquire what the Com- munist camp is saymg about this pact. We could cite every directive organ from Moscow but it is preferable to refer to the voice of the Red power nearest to Lens. In the Peking Review for July 27, there ap- pears an English translation of an article in Remnin Ribao (The People's Daily of Peking). It is entitled "A Major Victory for the Laotian People and the Peace Forces of the World," It is to the "settlement of the Laotian question" that it refers. Of this it says that "thanks to the heroic struggles of the Laotian peoples over the last eight years," the United States has been com- pelled "to respect the sover- e i g n t y, independence, a n d neutrality of Lens." First of all, this "major victory achiev- ed by the Laotian people is a great inspiration to those countries and peoples who are still suffering from imperialist enslavement and aggression." The key thought given to the comrades is that by action of "such socialist countrms as Vietnam, China. the Soviet union and Poland." the United States was forced to abandon its proposals and acts of ag. gression there. When translated from Red upside down language, these words are an admission that a "neutral Lens" is actually a pro- Communist Laos. None should therefore have been surprised by the Washington announcement in early August that Red guerillas were pour- ing into South Vietnam through "neutral" Laos. They will at- tack in force next month when the Monsoon season ends. Since the American people have quietly accepted the word "neutral" for pro-Communist, Moscow confidently expects that we will eventually accept "disarmament" when in Soviet terms it actually means that only the U.S.A. shall disarm. The Kremlin and its friends will accordingly fiLl our ears and eyes with all sorts of as- sertions. One of them is by The Worker, that "U.S. scien- tists," un-named, admit that they could detect all atomic blasts. The other is that in the July International Affairs which asserts that "France carried on underground nuclear tests in Africa, w i t h o u t the French Government making any of- ficial announcement." But this fact did not remain a secret; which demonstrates that the United States claims for in- ternational control over nu- clear test bans "to be withou{ any foundation." Communist prognostications forecast that the Lens pact will prove as tragic for us as similar agreements for Poland and Hungary years ago. The extension of the "spirit" of that pact to world disarmament or to a Berlin settlement would prove fatal. Good Church-State Relations Pledged In Colombia BOGOTA, Colombia, Aug. 14 (NC) -- Colombia's new presi- dent declared in his inaugural address that Church-State re- lations in this South American nation must be "respectful and cordial." President Guilterrno L o n Valencia, who was elected in May, said that as "a sincere, fervent and practicing Catho- lic," he will see to it that rela- tions between his government and Church authorities are good. President Valencia also paid tribute to Luls Cardinal Con- cha, Archbishop of Bogota, and the Colombian Bishops. He stated: "I am happy to acknowledge in the high prince of our Church one of the most enlight- ened exponents of the Colom- bian people . . , whose person- ality is tempered by the high- est Christian virtues; and to acknowledge... (the archbish- ops and bishops) as most ex- cellent and eminent prelates who embody the loftiness of dorine and, by the exemp- lary purity of their lives, give splender and honor to the re- public." Keep Your Eye On Outer Space Third Fatima Secret Faubus Rides Again By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. ALMOST v e years f i have passed since the tragedy of Little Rock. Americans h u n g their heads in shame when an American Governor Called out the National Guard to halt the desegregation of L i t t 1 e Rock's Central High School. Here was the highest of. ficial of s State of the Union defying the United States ot America in its attempt to protect the Constitutional rights of American cit- izens. FR. SHEERIN Now, five years later, we read that Arkansas has given that same Governor a victory in the Democratic primaries, This is equivalent to winning the election in November as no Republican has been elect. ed Governs: in Arkansas since Reconstruction days "and Fau- bus' opponent in November will be a little-known Revublican. Americans are heartsick these days over what hap- pened in Albany, Georgia, and the nomination of Fau. bus is another heartache. For to us and the world he has become, because of the shameful eplsod of 1957, the living symbol of segregation. One wonders, therefore, what in the world ever tmssessed David Lawrence when he wrote in his August 2 column in the New York Herald Tribune that the Faubus victory showed that the people of Arkansas are loyal to a man of courage in politics who dares to speak out his convictions. Courage is a virtue in a politician but it becomes a sort of vice when the poli- tician courageously r u n s amuck and violates prudence, justice and the law of the land. In referring to the Little Rock incident, David Lawrence said: "Throughout the length and breadth of America, more- over--and indeed overseas -- Governor Faubus, who ven- tured to protect his p e o pl e a g a i n s t public disturbances arising over a court order based on the 14th Amendment, was pilloried as some kind of ogre who had mangled the Con- stitution." It was a just retribution for a man who had stood out with a wierd and barbaric courage against the considered judg- ment of the American people and the conscience of the civilized world. At the time of his victory on August 1 Faubus re- marked that the people of Ar- kansas realize "that I'm ready and willing and I have the nerve to do what can be done, what is possible, to protect the rights of the people." By his action in 1957 he showed that l.e had nerve, the nerve to resist the United States of America by way of depriving Negro citizens of their human and Constitution- al rights, That is not the kind of nerve the average American is proud of. It is the nerve of a politician who stands firm in protecting v e s t e d interests against the onward march of racial justice and the Ameri- can dream. Faubus' nerve reminds me of the steely and sinister nerve of the OAS fighting desperately to protect the old order against the forward sweep of Algerian independence. The victorious Faubus on August 1 said that the people have shown that "they want their feet planted firmly on the broad highway of progress with the signpost of reason and honesty." One wonders why anyone would want to plant his feet firmly on a broad ',ighway to- day with traffic whizzing by at high speed. As far as Constitu- tional law and social justice are concerned, Faubus' follow- ers have their nedestrian feet planted in the wrong direction. Some sections of the daily press emphasized the fact that Faubus campaigned on a mid- dle-of.the-road platform. It is pleasant to hope that he has had a change of heart about segregation but there is little ground for such hope. He was opposing a hard. line segregationist, Repre- sentative Alford, and it wouldn't make much sense for Fanbus to run on the Not Disclosed Yet By Rev. John Rubba, O.P. Providence College Providence, R.I. HERE has been much spe:ulation regarding the third secret of Fa- tima, and more than a little bewilderment. Ac- curate and detailed information may he obtained in publica- tions specially dedicated to the cause, such as the English edi- tion of the official Fatima bul- letin, Voz Da Fatima. The following facts emerge as the most salient. "The fa- mous letter was opened be- fore the Bishops of Portugal early in 1960. They voted to send it to the Holy See for direction, and Pope John XXIII, after reading it prayerfully, judged that its contents should not be di- vulged to the general public at this time." This is consistent with Fa- tima history, since the second secret relative to World War II was not disclosed until after the event, that is until prophecy became history. One can imagine, for example, the consequences should nuclear war on a specific date be de- clared imminent. Fatima is a clarion call to prayer and pen- ance, not a catalogue of mili- tary maneuvers or political catastrophes. "Authorized by Rome, the. Bishop of Fatima invited all Bishops of the Catholic world to participate with the faithful of all nations in a universal exercise of prayer and penance on October 12 and 13, 1960. This appeal was not a revelation of the secret but consequence thereof." On the night of October 12, 1960, Catholics in 300 dioceses throughout the world joined in spirit with hundreds of thou.s- ands of pilgrims at Fatima in a full night of reparation. All Portugal had been invited to sacrifice sleep and keep prayer- ful vigil. Only God knows how much this public act of atone- ment did to alter the murder- ous trend of contemporary his- tory. During the vigil, the Bishop of Fatima made a fer- vent plea for great emphasis on the First Saturday devo- tion and renewed spiritual efforts for the conversion of Russia. "Pope John sent a telegram of approval to Fa- tima, blessing not only those who were there that night, but all in the world who were observing this great night of reparation. Fatima historians will recall that Pope Plus XII not only gave full canonical approval to Fatima in an apostolic letter dated November 12, 1955, but also blessed those "Americans who spread the Fatima mes- sage in this country. Response to the Bishop of Fatima's ap- peal was heartfelt but not uni. versal. It did not need to be unanimous since Fatima, like Lourdes, is a private revela- tion. Since Fatima was under at- tack in the American press during 1960 and 1961, little or same plat.')rm, no publicity was accorded to The fact is that he was ques- this night of reparation, even tinned after his victory and he in Catholic publications. In some parts of the world, how- ever, the reaction was striking. admitted that racial segrega- tion was still a vital issue and that it h 1 helped him win. He had not needed to talk about segrelzation, he said, because his position on that issue was well.known. In short, Christian social jus- tice and American law received one more severe jolt when Gov- ernor Faubus, defender of seg- regation, ,won his fifth term as Arkansas governor. ii i| |i i i A Rebuttal To Shriver By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore ("you don't agree--you're controversial") who has calmly pointed out that Sargent Junior, member of a wealthy family and a graduate of Yale, doesn't know the elementary facts of Cath- olic education. We might point out that Yale, by Catholic standards, has a fabulous endowment. So does Harvard. St. Louis University does not. The Cath- olic University, a unique institution, has a pitiful reserve fund, not to speak of endowments and all that. But Junior complained at St. Louis that our Catholic colleges and universities had not offered enough scholarships to foreign students and that we had not furnished enough applicants to his own project, the Peace Corps. Didn't it ever occur to Junior that we have little enough money t o pay current debts? And doesn't he realize that the Peace Corps has studiously ignored the thousands of missionar- ies his Church has been putting into the field, for nothing, since St. Paul got knocked off his horse on a certain road? Thank you, Father Coogan. atholics havs been dismayed at at- attacks upon Catholic schools the last decade or so. Some of these are merely cases of special pleading. Some are well meant but uninformed or silly even though they may come from Catholic sources. Some are certainly full of merit; deserve serious consider- ation; and should not be considered atcacks at all. In this last category, we think of the helpful criticism embodied in a speech by Monsigner Ellis, eminent historian of Catholic University and authority on American Church history, and reprinted in Thought. (We require our students m the Seminary's education program m read this.) But one attack, offered in the name of con- structive criticism (we hope) struck us as a low blow. This was delivered as an address at St. Louis (Jesuit) University by Sargent Shriver, Jr. The Rev. John E. (Jesuit) Coogan has, to date, offered the only, but not for that reason, the best rebuttal to it we have seen. Father Coogan, now at West Baden Semin- ary, is a woll.known "cortroversihr' sociolgist Calendar SUNDAY, AUGUST 26, ELEVENTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST, MASS: Deus in loco--God in His holy place (Green). GI., Cr., Pref. of Trin- ity. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, AUGUJT 27, ST. J 0 S E P H CALASANCTIUS, CONFESSOR, MASS: Venite-- Come (White). GI. TUESDAY, AUGUST 28, ST. AUGUSTINE, BISHOP, CON- FESSOR, DOCTO, TM- OF THE CHURCH, MASS: In medio-- In the midst (White). Gl., 2nd Pr. of St. Hermes. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 29, BEHEADING OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST, MASS: Loque- bar--I spoke (Red). Gl., 2nd Pr. of St. SaNna. THURSDAY, AUGUST 30, ST. ROSE OF LIMA, VIRGIN, MASS: Dilexisti -- Thou hast loved (White). Gl., 2nd Pr. of SS. Felix and Adau 'us. FRIDAY, AUGUST 31, ST. RAYMOND NONNATUS, CON- FESSOR, MASS: Os justi -- The mouth of the iust (C,,m. of Conf.) (White). Abstinence. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER I, SATURDAY OF OUR LADY, MASS: Salve -- Hail Holy Mother (White). Gl., 2nd Pr. of St. Giles, 3rd of 12 Holy Brothers, Pref. of B.V.M. Or MASS: Os justi--The mouth of the just (Com. of Abbots) (White). Gl., 2nd Pre. j)f B.V.M., 3rd of 12 Hol'y Brothers. The Vaz Da Fatima furnishes details. Cardinal Leger of Can- ada, carrying a large cross on his shoulder, led 50,000 Cana- dian Catholics through the streets of Montreal in a peni- tential procession to St. Jo- seph's on Mount Royal. The same was done by pre- lates in Germany to the edifi- cation of our American sol- diers participating. Elsewhere in the world, special Masses, prayers, and penitential exer- cises took place, despite silence of the press. The reading, unpublicized, of the I960 letter should impel all persons interested to act more vigorously in promoting Fa- tima crusade of prayer and reparation, since the diabolical victories of atheistic Com- munists have increased, and their bloody persecution of Christians has almost reached our shores. In Cuba, Fidelistas have destroyed tabernacles and trampled upon Sacred 'Hosts, clapping chalices together in blasphemous parades. The moral impact of the 1960 letter--publicized or not --and the obviously grave motive for the universal night of reparation, the current series of reparation, and the current series of crises has probably done more for Fa- tima than the miracle of the sun in 1917. We have been fittingly alerted. Meanwhile, war clouds darken, nations fall, martyrs multiply behind the Antichrist curtain, but it is not too late to storm heaven for the con- version of Russia and an end to Communism. God in ages past has rescued nations from destruction in answer to public prayer and penance. Why not now? Fatima, strong as Gibral- tar, remains perhaps the great- est, if not the only hope of world peace today. The Liturgy And Life (The Liturgy In History) HE remarkable success of the early church was due primarily to its almost exclusive concern with the liturgy. The lit- urgy was its life. Its educational (catechumenat) system was a step-by-step process to the Holy Mass; its almsgiving and wel- fare work began with the Mass. Every important activity in the ]ires of the early Christians was brought within the direct scope of the liturgy in one form or another. They all either began with Holy Mass or were blessed with the official prayer of the Church. It is true that our lives are much more compartmentalized today but they must not, they cannot, be sealed off from the liturgy. We are indeed a long way removed in time, custom and culture from the stational Masses in the principal church- es in the city of Rome in which all the Christian citizens were expected to participate, but we must not forget that the Mass that was offered in St. Paul's Outside the Walls, that was offered in the Cenacle in Jerusalem, the Mass that was offered in the catacombs, in the homes of peasants or in the palaces of kings, the Mass that was offered in the Byzan- tine basilica in the sixth cen- tury or the Gothic cathedral in the thirteenth was the same Mass that is offered secretly today in a Siberian concentra- tion camp, in the airport chapel at Idlewild or the Lady Chapel in downtown Los Rngeles. We must not forget that the Church that blessed the yoke of oxen for a Carthaginian farmer in the fourth century, the Church that blessed e little canoes that took the seventh. century Irish missionaries over a tribe-ridden Europe, the Church that blessed a Crusad- er's horse of the eleventh cen- tury is the same Church that blesses the Jet plane or space- craft today. Private Prayer And The Liturgy Private devotion, personal sacrifice, meditation and spirit- ual reading are essential to our spiritual development and make us "better disposed to take part in the sublime Sac- rifice of the Mass... " and " . . . to receive the Sacra- ments more fruitfully." Private devotion should ac- cord with the spirit of the liturgy. Through the Liturgical Year we are constantly sum- tanned to relive the Christ.life and walk in the footsteps of His saints. 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D.  REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor