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August 16, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 16, 1963

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4--THE PROGRESS Friday, Aucj. 16, 1963 Courageous Teens CCORDING to the current issue of Look, teenagers belong to "The Tense Generation." Shocking reports for parents on mixed-up failures at 16 seems to be very much in vogue. Everybody wants to read about the juvenile delin- quent -- why he steals -- why he de- stroys property -- why he takes dope why he has declared war on society. We readily admit and decry the growing crime rate among our young rebut what about the hundreds of thousands of American youth who are not so fortunate as to have been raised in a skid row environment and have not had the privilege of receiving their secondary education behind pris- on bars? Don't good kids ever do any. thing worthy of first rate national publicity? When the converted landing craft, Walrus, sank last Monday afternoon, the 26 CYO staff and campers who swam to safety made it very clear how danger- ous it is to make sweeping statements about the American youth. Sure, there are a lot of tense, ner- vous, frustrated hoodlums who turn city streets into blacktop jungles--but Jack Pyle's amazing on-the-spot account (see page one) of teenage courage, calmness and mature responsibility in the chilly waters of Carr Inlet gives us good rea- son to say a word about "The Calm Gen- eration". Within 60 seconds a'fter the Walrus had popped her port side armor plate, she was plunging into 30 fathoms of salt water about a half mile off "Deadman's" (campers' name for CuR's Island). In one minute the staff leaders got everyone but themselves into life jackets and clear of the sinking ship. Gary Foubert, the Walrus' youthful skipper, found time to toss the swimmers a 60-foot rope--an ingenius idea, for it enabled the entire group to keep track of one another in the choppy water. HE LEADERS thought of t h e i r chares first. There were lent'y of life jackets, but not enough time--so the campers came first. Once in the water, the strongest swimmers pulled the long string of campers to shore. The leaders even led songs to keep spirit and morale high. When one stops to think about it, what these youngsters accomplished in the short space of 60 seconds is noth- ing less than phenomenal. IVhy didn't the)' panic? IF'by did the), have every- thing under perfect control? After the grace of God, we believe maximum credit goes to the Water Safety Pro- gram of the American Red Cross and the two Water Safety Instructors, Cathy Cummins and Betsy Timmons who were in charge of the group. Every camper and staff member on board the Walrus had come under Red Cross swimming and water safety in- struction. Even the one girl who could not swim had been taught in her non- swimmer classes not to fear the water. Since nobody was afraid, the group had a chance to use that precious 60 seconds intelligently. This they did. As a result, not a single life was lost. All you have to do is pick up the daily newspapers and count the number of tragic drownings that occur from boat mishaps to know how much expert train- ing in this instance paid off. Elmer J. Holstrom, director of safety services for the Seattle-King County chapter of the American Red Cross, has called the Walrus rescue op- eration "a marvelous example of water safety service in action." IVe would be very proud, indeed, if he should see fit to recommend Cathy Cummins and Betsy Timmons to President Kennedy for the Red Cross Certificate of Merit. The President, who himself knows quite a little about the courage required in water safety, would surely be impressed by their amazing performance. We would like to see the story of the Walrus rescue receive as much pub- licity as possible, not because of CYO camping and not because of Cathy and Betsy--they couldn't care less--but we do feel strongly about the fact that too many people are stigmatizing all youth with the same branding iron used to sear juvenile delinquents whose shocking es- capades appear with growing frequency in national magazines. Some tense teen- agers do not necessarily indicate a tense generation. We think Cathy, Betsy, campers and Walrus crew played it pretty cool. Participation In Liturgy High The author o t the following article polled dioceses all over the world where English is spoken in preparing a dissertation "Liturgical Participation in the English-speaking World," for the Department of Religious Education o t the Catholic University of America. Curate at Christ the King church in Silver Spring, Md., he is a member of the advisory board of the North American Liturgical Conference. By REV. JOHN E. CORRIGAN WASHINGTON: Aug. 14 (NC)mThe growth of the laity's participation in the liturgy throughout much of the English- speaking world amount virtu- ally to a revolution, and the United States is in the van. guard. In United States dioceses with well developed liturgical apostolates, practically 90 per cent of the parishes regularly invite their parishioners to take part vocally in low and high Masses. Moreover, wherever their response to the invitation has been measured, majorities as high as 75 per cent favor it. These are highlights from a recently completed survey con- cerning effects of the Holy Sea's 1958 Instruction fostering participation in the Mass. The detailed results from a poll of 339 dioceses provide a measure for the first time of the liturgi- cal progress which has flowed from the papal decree of five years ago in dioceses where English is spoken. Although the surge of litur- gical participation has been notably swift in the United States, the ferment seeded in 1947 by Pope Pins XII with the encyclical Mediator Dei is visible in nearly every quarter of the globe. The 1958 directive added im- petus to the movement by calb ing for the creation of dioces- an commissions to promote the liturgy, recommending lay particip.ation in the Mass, and prescribing our levels at which the faithful and the Religious may take part. The conclusions pointing to a revolutionary growth are based on returns from 189 dioceses, a response of better than 55 per cent. The most indicative find- ings, however, flower from dio- ceses in Africa, Asia, and the United States which have em- ployed questionnaires of their own to find out how their pro- grams were going. In some in- stances, questionnaires gath- ered infoi:mation for the guid- ance of the bishops at the Second Vatican Council. The United States results, covering seven dioceses with active liturgical apostolates, disclosed that congregational participation is the practice in a uniformly high percentage of parishes. The range in participation was Kansas City-St. Joseph, Me., 80 per cent; Syracuse, 82; Pittsburgh, 84; St. Louis, 90; Burlington, Vt., 93.3; Se- attle, 99, and Youngstown, 100. These percentages are based on the number of par- ishes responding, with the range extending from about two-thirds to nearlY 100 per cent. A summary from Durban South Africa, disclosed,similar results. The Mass in dialogue is the custom at 84 per cent of the parishes, missions, convent chapels and Mass centers there. The range in Seattle was from 2.7 per cent "doing nothing" or clearly opposed to 67 per cent enthusiastic, with the balance of 36.3 per cent simply cooperating. The St. Louis pastors rated 7.7 per cent of the parishioners' attitudes as negative, 47.3 per cent indifferent, and 45 per cent enthusiastic -- the only returns in which the indifferent ex- ceeded the favorable or enthus- iastic. In Youngstown, the returns reported 7 per cent unfavor. able, 20 per cent indifferent, and 73 per cent favorable. Examples of the wider reach include: The adoption of the new seven-step baptismal cere- mony for adults in Seattle. Archbishop Thomas A. Con- nelly has announced that he will take pleasure in permit- ting it on every individual re- quest. A deeper appreciation of Baptism is the target of spe- cial programs in Cincinnati, Ohio, and Superior, Wis. Both are giving new emphasis to the observance of baptismal anni- versaries. The Mass remains, of course, at the heart of liturgical inter- est, and the survey found many new developments calculated to enrich its significance on the United States scene: The celebration of the Mass facing the people was sanc- tioned this year in Seattle, and the bishop's Chrism Mass of Holy Thursday was .given new meaning this Eastertide in Seattle and Steubenville. Bishop John K. Mussio in- vited school children of Steu- benville to attend and arranged a commentary to explain the rites unique to this Mass in which are blessed the holy oils for the whole diocese. In the Seattle archdiocese all parishes were invited to send lay repre- sentatives with their respective priests. Their return home was climaxed with a procession en- throning the holy oils in the parish church at the Holy Thursday evening Mass as an illustration of the many-faceted relationship of a bishop to the people. In Pueblo, Colo., B i s h o p Charles Buswell obtained per- mission for an adoption of the fore-Mass. The goal -- a more meaningful communication of the Word of God. The newly sanctioned practice gives the priest the option of reading the lesson and gospel in English immediately after he has read them in Latin. Furthermore, the Pueblo permission allows the sacred ministers to sing the two Scriptural passages in Eng- lish after they have been chant- ed in Latin and sung in solemn Masses. 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle 98104 Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published every Friday by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Msociat6 Ftor 'They Tried Religion To Defeat Me, Too' In Praise Of Quakers By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN N JULY 28 I took part in a panel dis- cussion on ecumenism sponsored by the Quakers. Their official name is The Re- ligious Society of Friends and t h e occasion was their New Y o r k Yearly Meeting which was held at beautiful S i 1- ver B a y on Lake George, New York. The other panelists were R v. William Norgren; d i - rector of Faith FR. SHEERIN and Order studies of the Na- tional Council of Churches, and Dr. Maurice Creasey, a Quaker ecumenist from Birm- ingham, England. I have always had a deep admiration for the Qvakers because of their practical Christianity even though I do not share their views on mat- teurs such as the theology of the Church, the sacraments and liturgy. Yet in the two days I spent with them at Lake George I became con- vinced that the Quaker religion can help us Catholics to re- discover some of the basic Catholic teachings that we have sadly neglected. Origin of Term Take, for instance, their doc- trine of The Inner Light. It can be traced back historically to the traditional Christian doc- trine of the Indwelling Holy Spirit that is the light of the soul. Placing great emphasis on St. John's reference to "the light that enlightens every man who comes into the world," the Quakers have a keen con. sciousness of the presence within them of a divine light that is of the Spirit. This consciousness was so overwhelming in the early Quakers that they literally trembled with awareness of the inner light of the Spirit. They quaked with emotion at their meetings. In fact, the term "Quaker" was first ap- plied to them by an English judge named Bennett who in 1650 used is as a term of re- proach. (Their original name was "Children of the Light";- today they seem to prefer the name "Friends"). ..... To the Quakers, or rather the Friends, this Inner Light is an immensely personal and vital experience. They feel that only the individual person can unlock the door to the spiritual life and that per- son must demonstrate in his own life the truths that he has discovered. With us Catholics, the In- dwelling Holy Spirit is seldom felt to be a throbbing reality. We usually have what Car- dinal Newman would call a notional but not a real knowl. edge of the light of the Holy Spirit. I believe the novena to the Holy Spirit is the only novena officially established in the Code of Canon Law, yet how few Catholic churches hold this novena. Devotion to the Holy Spirit is not very "popu- lar." Practical Charity Secondly, the FHends put most of us to shame by their practical charity and service of the distressed. They do not believe in external rites or sacraments and this is a pity. They do not reproduce the ex- ternal life of Christ such as the sacrament of the Eucha- rist which He instituted at the Last Supper but they try to live out the spirit of His acts. Christ washed the feet of the Apostles at the Last Supper. This they take to be an act they must reproduce not as a rite on Holy Thursday but as a lesson in service of the neighbor. They take it as a parable that illustrates how true Christians should be friends to all, serving all in humility. They-are willing to suffer in self-giving, sacrificial service towards all who suffer. Like "the early Quakers, the Friends of today are on. gaged in numerous projects to help those unfortunates who are in prison. Usually their reward from their fel- low-citizens is to be called "bleeding hearts." But the prisoners have come to look to the Friends for help. We Catholics have read St. Mat- thew's Gospel (Ch. 25) with the line, "I was in prison and you came to me." But most of us have never gone near a prison. The Sermon of the Mount praises the peacemakers and the Friends are deadly serious about their responsibilities in the cause of peace--even if it means a jail sentence. At the Lake George meeting they gave their unconditional ap- proval to the nuclear test ban treaty and urged Congress to approve it speedily and over- whelmingly. We Catholics have the sac- raments to help us serve the neighbor. In proportion to our numbers, do we compare with the Quakers in the spheres of civil rights, peace-making and prison reforms? Society Failed Him By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore OME TIME AGO, with some un- avoidable emotional overtones, we read of the death by hanging of a killer in our state prison. It is really somewhat ir- relevant here, though consoling to any Catholic, to learn that the condemned man felt the killing final jerk of the rope with a rosary in his hand. He had been converted in recent months by the zealous prison chaplain. The chaplain himself, shaken by this death, said frankly that the killer was the only man who went through the whole thing with courage. Our point is not the tangled issue of capital punishment. We will skip this for the time being. Nor is it our point that the condemned man was converted to our faith or to any Christian faith by a devoted chaplain. This is the area whic only God can preside. This is the realm of God's mysterious grace. Freely given, it would surely appear that God gave it to this now finally good man in his hours before exe- cution. At least he had a grace few of us will receive. He knew the exact time of his death. He didn't drop dead unexpectedly at his desk or in the street or after leaving a doctor's office pronounced to be in good shape. What worries us is that, we read, he had spent most of his life in one kind of institu- tion or another. He surely failed society in a terrible and even sickly way. Society failed him, as we look at the record. This appears to have been a potentially good man, judging by his death. We do not at all or in any way absolve him of murder. Neither do we in any way absolve society. God's World: Many Types Of Martyrs By REV. LEO J. TRESE ortitude, as we learned in our catechism many years ago, is the virtue which enables us to suffer all things, even death, for the sake of Christ. It is one of the four cardinal virtues bestowed upon us at the time of our baptism. If ever we gave thought to this virtue, we probably ex- press to ourselves the hope that, faced with the choice of i denying Christ or suffering !i " death, we would be brave enough to choose death. In all ! likelihood we do not dwell long ! on this possibility since mar- i tyrdom seems, for most of us, . a remote contingency. Consequently we may not i esteem fortitude as a very ira- !' portant virtue, as one having practical, here-and-now signi- ficance for ourselves. Such downgrading of the virtue of fortitude would be a grave error. The truth is that fortitude is vital to the everyday practice of our faith. We need moral strength to resist temptation. We need spiritual courage to accept God's will cheerfully and to do His will bravely. Eternal merit is the re- ward of effort and struggle. A virtuous person, in the ordinary sense of the term, is not a person without tempta- tions. He is a person who has faced strong temptations and has conquered them. A person without temptations may be in- nocent, but he becomes vir- tuous only when he has been tested and has proven his fidelity. Inexcusable Sophistries Perhaps it is a disregard for the virtue of fortitude which accounts for the sophistries with which sinners sometimes try to excuse themselves. Here, for example, is a woman who has divorced her no-good husband. She has several small children. She lets herself be- come interested in another man and, by civil marriage, embarks upon an adulterous union. "I know it's wrong," she says, "but the children do need a father. Surely God won't hold it against me." Again, here is a mother whose health simply will not stand another pregnancy. Her cycle is too irregular to use rhythm safely and her husband finds abstinence too difficult. Contraceptives are the easy answer. "God will understand our predicament," the couple assure themselves. "T h e r e just isn't anything else we can do." Then there is the business- man who indulges in sharp practices with t h e excuse, "I've got to do it to meet the competition," and the hold= er of public office who defends his shady deals with, "It's a part of the game." We have, too, the long pro- cession of people who lie to escape a moment's embar- rassment, who cheat to get out of a financial jam, who pet to attract the boys or who gossip to court popular- ity. You will have noticed that in all the examples we have mentioned, the persons involv- ed assume that God expects us to be good only when it is easy to be good. When the practice of virtue becomes dif- ficult, then we are absolved from the necessity of keeping God's commandments. No one puts this fallacy into words, of course; the absurdity would be too evident. Dilemma Escaped Often this dilemma is escap- ed by pretending to distinguish between God and His Church; by talking about what the Church forbids or commands, rather than about what God expects of us. This leads only to another fallacy: that Christ and His Mystical Body are divisible. The fact is that in all these examples the individuals con- cerned are lacking in the virtue of fortitude. Or, more accurately, they are not ex- ercising that virtue which is theirs by reason of their baptism. It is not true that martyr- dom is a rare privilege en- joyed only by some persons FATHER TRESE who live in Communist coun- tries. There is a little bit martyrdom in the life of every person who undertakes to fol- low Christ; who tries, day by day, to live his faith with fidelity. Indeed it has been observed with some truth that often it is easier to die Christ than to live for Him. (Father Tr ese welcomes letters from his readers. The increasing volume of letters prohibits personal answers but problems and ideas contained in such correspondence can be the basis of future columns. Address all letters to Father Leo J. Trese, care of The gross. Where Is The Justice In Original Sin riginal sin has been described by s o m e crotchety whiner as a gi- gantic swindle, whereby we reap the penalty for a sin we had no part in commit- ting. Let u s suppose a king to adopt a man, and make him his heir, so that all his de- scendants would be of royal blood. Then let us suppose the adopted man offends the king by some willful and hideous crime. The king cancels his for- mer agreement, and disinherits his adopted son. The natural consequence would be that ali the heirs would be likewise dis- :IF inherited, and could not claim the heritage of royal blood. Something analogous to this happened when original sin wal committed. When God created man, He  had to give man a soul, other- wise he would not be human, but an animal. God had to give man a body, otherwise would not be a man, but an an- gel. But God did not have to give man the gift of sanctifying grace, which is a supernatural participation in the very life of God Himself. When Adam sinned he lost his gift of supernatural life, and the power to transmit it to his descendants forever. However, this does not mean that we are, therefore, born into the world lacking some- thing that is due us as hu- man beings. Humanly speak- ing we are complete. What we lack is superhuman life, which is over and above any- thing that we can rightfully demand as men. Correctly understood as a A lack of sanctifying grace, andq not some type of damnable spot, we begin to perceive that original sin is the natural con- sequence of Adam's transgres- sion, and is certainly no swin- dle. Stumbling Block If you keep your eyes so l fixed on Heaven that you never look at the earth, you will never look at the earth, you will stumble into hell. Calendar SUNDAY, AUGUST 18, ELEVENTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST, MASS: Deus in lace----God in His holy place (Green). GI., Cr., Prof. of Trin- ity. 'Mass for Parish. MONDAY, AUGUST 19, ST. JOHN EUDES, CONFESSOR, MASS: Os justi--The month of the just (Com. of Conf.) (White). TUESDAY, AUGUST 29, ST. BERNARD, ABBOTT, DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH, MASS: In medio--ln the midst (White). Gl. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 21, ST. JANE FRANCES DE CHANTAL, WIDOW, MASS: Cognovi--I knew (White). GI. THURSDAY, AUGUST 22, IMMACULATE H E A R T OF MARY, MASS: Adeamus -- Let us draw near (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of SS. Timothy and Camp. Martyrs, Cr., Prof. of B.V.M. FRIDAY, AUGUST 23, ST. PHILIP BENIZI, CONFESSOR, I MASS." Justus -- The just shall flourish (White). Gl. Abstin- ence. SATURDAY, AUGUST 24, ST. BARTHOLOMEW, A P O S T L E MASS: Mhi Autem--To me thy friends (Red). GI., Cr., Prof. of Apostles. Mass for Parish. P