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August 16, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 16, 1963

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2--tHE PROGRE?S ' 16 !0063 Sees Era Critical For The Spirit: ' Buddhist Crisis Rests Partially On D!em's Po Sends Special M.essage To Shoulders, Writer Says s Old FI ock of Mn la n MILAN, Italy, Aug. 13 rupted, the Pope remarked, by mind of the former Archbishop special need of salvation. Ngo dinh Diem has spent almost two decades covering PREPARE CELEBRATION ! Cupertino, Italy, Aug. 13 (NC)The towns of Cupertino and Osimo are preparing for a year's celebration starting Sep- tember 18 to mark the third centenary of the death of St. Joseph of Cupertino. The Franciscan saint was born in Cupertino in 1603, and died in Osimo in 1663. September 18 is his feast day. * 9r 9r RADIO SCHOOL CONGRESS SET -- Bogota, Colombia, Aug. 13 (NC)The first Latin American Congress of Radio Schools, organized by Msgr. Joa- quirt Salcedo's Popular Cultural Action organization, will be held here September 13 to 19. Radio schools to fight illiteracy have been started in Colombia, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela, One purpose of the congress is to set up a Latin American confederation of radio schools. FREES JESUIT LEADER FROM PRISONuBuda- pest, Aug. 13 (NC)--The Rev. Ferenc Palos, S.J., Budapest Provincial of the Jesuit order who was con- demned to an 18-year prison term by the Communist regime in 1950, has now been released, it was re- vealed here. Father Palos was charged at the time of his ar- rest with "plotting against the state." While not covered in the amnesty decree of last spring, he is said to have been granted clemency after requesting it, SENTENCED FOR OBSCENITYTopeka, Kan., Aug. 14 (NC)Henry Haldeman, 43, inheritor of a publishing firm that published many anti-Catholic books in the 1940s, was sentenced to 18 months in prison for sending and advertising obscene litera- ture through the mails. Judge George Templar allowed Haldeman to remain free on $2,500 bond pending an appeal. Haldeman is the son of the late E. Haldeman- Julius, founder of the Little Blue Book Company of Girard, Ken. Haldeman-Julius, self-professed free- thinker, wrote critically about all organized forms of religion. . . 9r GRANTS NINE DOCTORATES mLeopoldvilIe, Aug. 13 (NC)The Catholic University of Lov.anium here granted nine doctorates at the close of its ninth academic year. Msgr. Luc Gillon, rector of Lovanium, award- ed six doctorates in medicine, two in law and one in chemistry at a ceremony presided over by Archbishop Vile Robertl, Apostolic Nuncio to the Congo. A thousand students from three continents were enrolled for the 1962-1963 academic year. The Lov- anLum granted its first doctorates (two, in medicine) in 1961. CARDINAL TOURS U.S. CRUISER -- Genoa, Italy, Aug. 13 (Radio, NC)Giuseppe Cardinal Siri, Archbishop of Genoa, toured an American cruiser, the USS Little Rock, and gave his blessing to the crew. The 57-year-old churchman was the guest of Adm. William Gentner August 9. He was received by Gentner and his entire staff at nearby Calata Zingari, where the Little Rock is 'anchored, and then escorted aboard ship. Among the party ac- companying him were officials of the U.S. con- sulate in Genoa. Cardinal Siri's visit was t,n return of an earlier courtesy call whicl Ads. Gunther paid on him a few days after the Little Rock's arrival in Genoese waters. MISSIONERS MAKE CONTACT BY RADIO Jolo, The Philippines, Aug. 12 (NC)A new radio system i making it possible for missioners on the 350 islands of the Sulu archipelago to keep in touch with one another. Since the Oblates of Mary Immaculate accept- ed the Sulu mission 25 years ago, the majority of the missioners have been isolated from Jolo, capi- tal of the province and seat of the Apostolic Vic- ariate of Jolo, Small motor launches, which call--infrequently --at the mission stations, provide the only means of transportation. But radio contact is now made regularly twice a day and can be set up easily at other times in case of emergency. .... i j i Order Your Copy NOWI THE DIRECTORY INCLUDES INFORMA- TION concerning: Archdiocesan offices and all 113 parishes, Catholic colleges and schools in which more than 36,000 youths and children are being educated, Catholic hospitals and homes for aged and infirm, and welfare organizations. COMPLETE T E L E P H O N E DIRECTORY, listing in alphabetical order all of the more than 450 priests in the Archdiocese. Printed on high- grade book paper, the Archdiocesan Directory includes much useful information in its 104 pages. Price, $1.00 per copy, postpaid Copies o] the Directory arc sent free to all priests, religious, Catholic institutions and public o/ficials and in/ormation centers. CATHOLIC NORTHWEST PROGRESS 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle 4 Enclosed find $ .......... for which mail me .... copies of the Directory of the Archdiocese Of Seattle at the price of one dollar per copy. Name ..*..0..*l*.e.....o...* m.. oo.*..*oo..* Street Address  City ......................... Zone ........ O I (Radio, NC) HLs Holi- ness Pope Paul VI in a special message to his old flock of the Arch- diocese of Milan asserted that "our age is decisive." The letter, dated August 11, was in its content and by the Pope's own description in the nature of a pastoral letter. As such--a papal pastoral to an individual diocese other than his own as Bishop of Rome--it was unique among pontifical documents. The Pope began the letter by explaining how, as Archbishop of Milan, he had established the custom of writing a pastoral let- ter ,to his people on the occa- sion of the feast of the Assump- tion of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven, August 15. He had done this, he said, as a kind of pre-holiday greeting, for Au- gust 15 traditionally marks the peak of the summer vacation season in Italy. The former Giovanni Cardin- al Montini said of his annual letter: "It was a comment on cer- tain aspects and events of the day; it was an attempt to create a common spiritual en- counter in the pious and com- forting thought of the Blessed Virgin Mary in heaven; it was in short a special state- ment of our pastoral dialogue, which was intended to assure you of Our vigilant concern and of Our blessing." This "dialogue" was inter- his election to the throne of Peter. But with the return of the feast of the Assumption, and since Milan is still without an Ordinary, he said he want- ed to preserve the tradition un- broken. He recalled gratefully that the Milanese had been good and generous to him, and re- marked that it was painful for him to leave that northern me- tropolis "where We hoped to end Our days." For, he said, "one does not work and pray and hope with others without sinking the sentimental roots of his soul into the soil where his min- istry takes place." Then he gave the main rea- son for his message, saying: "Our greater regret in this sudden farewell is in the thought of how much of Our ministry was left unfinished in Milan... Among the many things to which We had put Our hand, more was begun than was completed." . Pope Paul remarked that his successor in the Milan arch- diocese will certainly see where he left off and "he will act en- tirely as the Lord inspires him." "But," he added, "it does not seem out of place to recall . . . a few thoughts which guided Our pastoral action." T h e s e motivating thoughts. form the Substance of the mes- sage. It is in these that the im- port of the message goes be- yond Milan, as they reveal the of Milan who is now pontiff of the Universal Church. q'he Pope said: "We had the impression from the very beginning of Our min- istry there (in Milan) that the conditions of our society were leading the status of its relig- ious life into a state . . . of danger and crisis... "We could see the wealth of religious tradition threatened with decline and ruin. They were threatened not only ex- ternally but also internally be- cause of a change and a break- down in the popular awareness of that sound religious mental- ity and of that traditional fi- delity to the Church which are the basis and source of that wealth. "The measure of Our con- cern was proportionate to the worth of the spiritual heritage of which We found Orself the responsible administrator." The Pope insisted that this is not a "pessimistic gision of the religious character of our age, but rather a realistic one." He reminded the Milanese of "several alarming appeals" which he had given with docu- mentary and analytical support. He. recalled too that "Our conclusions were directed to- ward reawakening consciences, encouraging efforts, recom- mending undertakings, suggest- ing projects, as if there was not time to lose and every one of good will should revive him- self with renewed activity and militant courage because of a "Our age is decisive. It calls for intensity of efforts. It invests us with a vocation of defense and renewal. It de- mands the fidelity and the sacrifice of great moments. "Our priests have already felt this call for extraordinary pastoral dedication. They will do well to follow it. Our laity would do well to do the same. "Our age deserves a pro- found effort toward the interior life, toward thought and action, not only to protect the spiritual treasure t ha t tradition has handed down to us, but also to show its incomparable worth, its perennial vitality, its sur. prising reality, its marvelous youth and its inexhaustable pro- ductivity. "The Gospel, We have said before, is not old; it is eter- nal. But today, it must be lived fully, with a new con- sciousness of its originality and of its necessity, and with new dedication," The Pope gave practical pas- toral recommendations: "Preaching must be clear, true and vigorous. The people must be taught to participate in the liturgy; they must be taught to pray singing. Our whole cate. ehetical system must be strengthened an d developed. Immigrants must be ap- proached There is special need that people in the world of la- bor and the academic world know that they are loved by the Church and that they be drawn into new friendship with her." iiii!i!!ii00 African Cardinal Becomes NAACP Member LAURIAN CARDINAL RUGAMBWA, Bishop of Bu- meeting of Knights of St. Peter Claver at Indianapolis. In- koba, Tanganyika, is shown receiving a life membership in diana's Governor Matthew E. Welsh and his wife look on the National Association for the Advancement of Colored as Henry J. Richardson Jr. (left) a member of the NAACP's People. The African prelate had contributed $500 toward national board presents the plaque. (Religious News Serv- itJ work. The presentation took place during the annual ice Photo.) Fr. TonerMeets U.S. Bishops Discuss Council With Cardinal Subjects At Chicago Meeting Rugambwa Laurian Cardinal Rugambwa (Continued from Page l) Last June Augustin ardinal McAfee Brown, a Presbyterian Boa, S.J., head of the Vatican theologian who attended the D. D., Diocese of Bukoba, Tanganyika, East Africa, the first Negro member of .the Sacred College of Cardinals, conferred with Rev. Jerome Toner, O.S.B., Ph.D., Dean of Industrial at St. Martin's College Olympia, on civil rights and discrimination because of race, color, creed or national origin in Africa and the United States. The conference took place at the home of a mutual friend of the conferees. His Eminence was the honored guest at the 48th annual convention of the Knights of St. Peter Claver in Indianapolis early this month. The Cardinal was celebrant of an outdoor Mass attended by tens of thou. sands. Bishop Fulton J. the U, S. Bishops' meeting here. Those presenting reports, and the c o u n c i I commissions to which they belong, include: J a m e s Cardinal McIntyre, Archbishop of Los Angeles, Archbishop Karl J. Alter of Cin- cinnati, and Archbishop Leo Binz of St. Paul, Minn., all of the Commission for Bishops and the Government.of Dioces. as; Archbishop John F. Dear- den of Detroit, Bishop John J. Wright of Pittsburgh, and Aux- iliary Bishop James H. Griffiths of New York, all of the Doc- trinal Commission for Faith and M o r a I s; Archbishop O'Boyle and Archbishop John P. Cody, Apostolic Administratbr of New Orleans, both of the Commis- sion for Seminaries, Studies and Catholic Schools. Sheen, National Director for Also: Archbishop Joseph T. Propagation of t h e Faith, McGucken of San Francisco, preached the sermon, and Bishop Francis F. Reh of Father Toner, who is doing parish work and industrial re- lations and civil rights research in New York during the sum- mer, is the first priest in the United States to be a member of a State Board Against Dis- crimination. He is also the only charter and continuous member of t he Washington State Board Against Discrimin- ation. Laymen's Ideas Souqhf On Issues0000 WASHINGTON (NC) -- Arch- bishop Patrick A. O'Boyle of Washington has invited hymen of this archdiocese to submit recommendations on matters to be considered at the second session of the ecumenical coun. cil, which opens in Rome Sep- tember 29. Archbishop O'Boyle asked that suggestions be stated "very concisely" and deal with. matters that the council has not yet discussed. Charleston, S.C., both of the Commission for Discipline of the Sacraments; Archbishop Martin J. O'Connor, rector of the North American College in Rome, Commission for the Lay Apostolate, the Press and En- tertainment; and Archbishop Paul J. Hallinan of Atlanta, Ga., Commission on the Sacred Liturgy. Also: Archbishop Lawrence J. Shehan of Baltimore, Com. mission for the Discipline of the Clergy and Christian Peo- ple; Ukrainian Rite Archbish- op Ambrose Senyshyn, O.S.B. M., of Philadelphia, Commis- sion for the Oriental Church- es; and Auxiliary Bishop Ful- ton J. Sheen of New York, na- tional director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, Commission for the Missions. The possibility of a pro- nouncement by the ecumenical council on religious liberty has come up before. Secretariat for P r o m oti n g Christian Unity, discussed the question in a published inter- view conducted by Archbishop Hallinan of Atlanta. In reply to a question by Archbishop Hallinan, in which it was stated that many Ameri- cans are "anxious" for a "more accurate and modern definition of religious liberty," Cardinal Bea said this desire "is shared by Catholics and non-Catholics of many other countries." The Cardinal said the Sec- retariat for Promoting Chris- tian Unity had concerned it- self with the subject and had submitted to the council's Central Preparatory Commis- sion a schema dealing with religious liberty. Cardinal Bea said this sche- ma "up.held the necessity of recogmzmg a man's right to follow the dictates of his own conscience in matters of relig- ion." He said it emphasizes "the duties of civil s6ciety, in all its forms, including the state, to respect in practice the citizen's inalienable rights to religious liberty." In this connection Cardinal Bee quoted a passage from the late Pope John XXIII's en- cyclical Pacem in Terris in which the Pope said: *'Every human being has the right to honor God according to the dictates of an upright con- science, and therefore the right to worship God privately and publicly." A leading U. S. Protestant scholar said last May that an "explicit conciliar statement on religious liberty" would do much to reduce tensions be- tween Catholics and non-Cath- olics. This point was made in an address at Stanford (Calif). University by the Ray. Robert ecumenical council's first sos- sion as an observer. The Rev. Brown said a coun- cil statement on religious lib- erty "would have the most sig- nificant immediate results of anything the second session of the council could do." the news in the Far East. For the past two ),ears he has maintained headquarters in Saigon, Vietnam's capital, and kept a close eye on the complex political currents active in that Communist.embattled republic. By REV. PATRICK O'CONNOR SAIGON, Aug. 13 (NC)  Many of Vietnam's best Catholics feel that while the Buddhist agitators are wrong, President Ngo dinh Diem is not entirely right. Since he and his family are Catholic, any mistakes they make are likely to be used as ammunition against the Catholic religion. This is particularly u n f air when the mistakes arise not from the application of Catho. lic principles but from failure to apply them. Buddhist leaders are wrong in alleging that they have been suffering religious persecution, They have been wrong in lead- ing their followers into public demonstrations in defiance of the law. They have been wrong in threatening a campaign of contemptuous "civil disobedi- ence," which means disobedi- ence to lawful authority to a degree just short of rebellion. They have been doing all this while their country is under attack from Commu- nist aggressors. They have been doing it ostensibly to obtain redress of alleged grievances /hat, even if they were real, would not justify such extreme measures. Catholics, like other Vietna- mese citizens, recognize that the President has a duty to defend the state and preserve public order. Many of them feel, however, that he and his government should have done it with more tact and less severity. Not only would less severe methods have been more effective; t hey would have been more appropriate in a Catholic statesman. If any man should lean over backwards to avoid giving even an appearance of harsh- heSS towards non-Christians, even law-violating non-Chris- tians, it is a Catholic president in a country like Vietnam. President Ngo dinh Diem has not been guilty of perse- cuting Buddhists for their re- ligion. They have no grounds, nor has any foreign journa- list, for accusing him on that score. But security forces of his government have hit the Buddhists excessively hard for their politically aimed demonstrations. The hitting was done by sub- ordinates, probably without the President's knowledge. B u t after he came to know of it, he was slow indeed to do any- thing to salve the hurt. No member of his entourage was any faster. And the same kind of action is repeated. "It's just a storm in a teacup," an inti- mate supporter of the Presi- National Bank Of Commerce On First Hill National Bank of Commerce will open a new office on First Hill Monday, Aug. 19, Maxwell Carlson, NB of C president, an- nounces. Maurice F. Claeys will man- age the new office, to be lo- cated in temporary quarters at 1201 Madison Street, at the corner of Madison Street and Minor Avenue. Claeys was for- merly an assistant cashier at the bank's University office, having been with the bank since 1949. Residents and business peo- dent told this correspondent, speaking of the Buddhist agi- tation. This attitude is a political error, aggravating the evil stead of curing it. And, Catholics see it, it leaves their religion exposed to criticisms, which, however unreasonable, will still be damaging. It gives enemies of the Church another pretext for attacking Catholics. Politics Seen Root Of South Vietnam Unres! By J. J. GILBERT WASHINGTON, u g. 14 A Through some quick-breaking Im developments, the focus in the so-called Buddhist issue in Viet- nam was transferred briefly from Saigon to this city. Out of t h e s e developments emerges the very strong im- pression that while people in this country have been led to believe there is a religious per- secution of Buddhists in Sout Vietnam, this is not true. There also emerges the impression that politics is at the root of the trouble. Vietnamese Ambassador Tran Van Chuong issued a statement disavowing remarks made by Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu on an American television interview produced in Saigon. This cause_cp a stir because Madame Nhu is the Ambassador's daughter and also the hostess, or "First L a d y," of her brother-in-law, Vielnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem, who is a bachelor. The Ambassador said re- marks of Madame Nhu in the interview "only represented the personal opinion of the in- terviewee" and did not reflect the viewpoint of his govern- ment. In the interview, Madame Nhu was reported as saying the Buddhists in Vietnam had "bar- becued one of their m o n k s" whom they had "intoxicated," and that they used "imported gasoline" to do it. This obvi- ously was what the Ambassa- dor referred to, as he said sequently he was sure "my ernment does not approve the lack of respect for the memory of the Venerable Tith Quang Due." (This was the monk who burned himself to death in June.) Madame Nhu also sald a few "Young Turk" Buddhists want to overthrow the Viet- namese government, without( having anything positive to of. fer inits place. Apparently the Ambassador was not disavow, ing this statement, as the em- bassy issued at the same time a booklet entitled "Documents on the Buddhist Issue in Vietnam." All of this served to recall that more than one warning ha been released that the "Budd. hist Issue" in Vietnam is not a religious struggle, does not stem from persecution of the Buddhists, but is basically a po- litical maneuver. ple in the neighborhood are in- -----v---- vited to visit the office during [ __......f. N.Y. Cardinal an informal open house, Re- freshments will be served Is Legion throughout the opening week. Banking hours will be 10 a.m. Medalist to 3 p.m., Monday through Thursday, and 10 a.m. to 6 INDIANAPOLIS, I nd. p.m. Fridays. (NC)  Francis Cardinal The full range of banking Spellman was the unani- services will be available at mous choice for the 1963 the new First Hill office, in. Distinguished S e r v i c e eluding safe deposit boxes. A night depository and letter Medal of the American Legion. drop makes 24-hour banking IL James E. Powers, legion na- possible. Free customer park- IP tional commander, announced ing while banking is provided the presentation will be made across the street from the to the Archbishop of New bank at the Union 76 service York on September 10 in Mi- station. ami Beach, Fla., during the The new office will b,e well legion s 45th annual national situated to serve Seattle s ma- convention, which runs from jar hospitals and the related clinics and medical service September 6 to 12. The commander said the Cardinal was the unanimous choice of the executive com- mittee of the veteran's organ- ization. The medal is the legion's highest award to an individual for service in behalf of causes to which the legion is dedicated -- the service of God and country. The award was instituted by the legion in 1921. Cardinal Spellman is Mili- la W Vicar of the Military Or- dinariate, which serves the nation's armed forces at mili- tary bases in this country and abroad. For the last 12 years, the Cardinal has made trips at Christmas tim e visiting members of the U,S. armed forces at military posts overseas. facilities in the area, and near- by Seattle University, its stu- dents and faculty. The First Hill office will be the 72nd NB of C banking of- fice in Washington and the 26th in the Seattle area. For the UNUSUAL IN GIFTS... GUnDERSOn S27 PINE 764 BROADWAY SEATTLE TACOMA EVERY MONTH IS SANDWICH MONTH WHEN THEY'RE MADE with SUNNY JIM PtANUT llUTTtR JAMS, JELLIES and PRESERVES At ALL Betide Groem.y Smnm