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Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 16, 1901     Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 16, 1901

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O A WEEKLY FAMILY NEWS PAPER. PRICE FIVE CENTS. vet. III. NO. 33. BETTER ACQUAINTANCE MODER- ATE8 MOST OF OUR PREJUDICES AND RE-ESTABLISHES NATURAL SYMPATHIES. P Maude Adams, who for the past few weeks has been taking the "rest cure" in a Catholic convent at Tours, has bade adieu to the nuns, with whom she had become a great favorite, and is back in Paris, writes a correspond- ent of the New York World. Today she left with a party of French lady friends for a leisurely tour of the beautiful castle region of Touraine. Describing her convent experience tc the correspondent, Miss Adams said: "My life there was most soothing. ine of the concern which fevers hu- manity penetrates these old provincial monasteries, where the time is passed in easy manual work, study and pray- er. "My friends who had arranged for my admission for the rest cure conceal- ed from the Mother Superior the fact that I was an actress, as the dear nuns entertain many strong though inno. cent prejudices, among which is a rooted beliefs that the stage is direct- ly connected with the satanic realm. "When I arrived I found that I was supposed to be an American heiress seeking heartsease, probably after some terrible love affair. But a few days afterwards I confessed my call- ing. The nuns screamed in holy hor- ror, but meanwhile I had grown to be a great pet with them all; and there was no thought of my expulsion, though tbe sisters sadly deprecated the fact that such a sweet creature as myself should be addicted to such aw- " ful work, and tried to convert me, but I think I went rather the other way. " However, I got them to view stage life more sensibly finally, and in a few days they begged me, with min- gled feelings of fear and curiosity, to recite for them. "Havi!g to use French, I was not at my best, but the nuns thought it was all" very fine. These impromptu ef- forts under the venerable chestnuts on the lawn of the convent garden were certainly my most pleasurable success. " "I lived exactly as the sisters lived. 1 arose at 4 o'clock, attended chapel till 6, worked in the dairy till 7:30, and then took a breakfast of m'ilk, bread and strawberries. I missed the coffee terribly, but I asked no favor. After   breakfast I was sent to 'tidy' the love- ly, bare, whitewashed, narrow cell which I occupied, making my bed my- self, shaking my little rug and 'sweep- in'g the floor. j "At 9 o'clock I reported with the others to the Mother Superior and was ! assigned sometimes "to the kitchen, I where rcanned more strawberries than i I 'will ever 'eat; sometimes to the dairy, where I learned to skim milk and make excel'lent butter; sometimes to the garden, where I picked fruit, or flowers for the altars. "At noon we gathered to the chapel for a, short prayer, after which we had dinn.", perfect silence is compulsory in tae refectory; nothing is heard in t'=vast vaulted hall except the voice of a nun reading history aloud. "After that we walked silently  around the cloister till 1 o'clock, when each retired to her own cell for study and meditation. "At 4 o'clock chapel again, then household duties, the needle ad gar- den work. At 7 we had supper, frugal, meatless and silent, like the n0on .,4[lmeai. From dinner until bedtime--9 o'clockwas devoted to reereati0ih. This was the only time during which tim nuns were allowed to converse. "What lovely, innocent twilights I enjoyed there, under the big chestnut i ' trees, surrounded by sixty saintly wo- i J men, some young and some old, but all so wholesome, so kind! "At midnight the silvery bell which directs everything in the convent sum- moned us out of bed for an hour and a half for the 'night office.' At first I found it an awful struggle to rise thus after my first sleep and dress and go through the long, weird corridors, peo- p!ed by silently gliding figures going to chapel; but loved the beautiful night office, with only the dim light of the altar candles playing among the col- umns under the lofty Gothic arches, and the darkly outlined rams in their interminable monotonously plaintive chant, begging God to forgive the wickedness of earth. "A few weeks spent thus, the abso- lute quiet, the regularity and the sim- ple food effected a complete change in me physically. My nervous(hess was gone and my mind unfevered. "Our parting was tearful. We had grown mutually attached. But I prom- iE;ed to return next summer."--Current Literature. THE EVOLUTION OF LABOR TROU. BLEB. Observations. Go back with me, and not very far. to the days of peaceful, honest labor; to the time when the laborer was con- sidered worthy of his hire, to the time when the factory was a shop and en- terprises were the proprietary inter- ests of single individuals. Let us watch the efforts of the untrammeled artisan carefully prosecuting.his task, studying to please and promote the interests of his employer. There is no estrangement between him and the employer who confides his business concerns to him. Both are happy and on terms of equality. In turn the workman became an employer and"the same peaceful, happy condition pre- vailed between employer and em- ployed. This was too much like Para- dise and the evil one came and sowed the seeds of discord. The evil day came, as evil is ever ready to fasten itself upon our days of homely thrift, and a transition followed that has iroduced an industrial condition that has become a moral question. Perhaps an avaricious master, ty- rannizing over faithful workmen, was the primal cause of our present dead- lock between capital and labor. Equity is a human instinct and at some time and place workmen unanimously decided to ask for pay in proportion' to the exactions of an employer. It worked so well that others tried it! I and the idea spread and hecame gen- erah The sole employer here and there found his margins lessened and his capital too small or that his vol- ume of business must be increased to live, so he combined with his neigh- bor and they extended their limit of trade and matters seem. adjusted. Labor caught up the idea of organiza- tion and unions were formed and they grew apace and made further de- mands. Capital made more and stronger combinations, and corpora- tions were formed that speculated on stocks--watere,d or otherwise. Unions began speculation, not only on labor but on strength of organization and demanded a larger share of profits. Then came trusts and syndicates on one side and federations of labor un- ions on the other. From indifferent contention it become a struggle of giants, each jealous of his laurels, and each forgetful of their mutual, depend- ence. Each stands as a cause and each as an effect of the other. We seem to have reached the point of culmination when the difference in dispute is reduced to a principle. Stated briefly: Labor says, only un- ion men shall work in union shops and mills, capital demurs. Neither can conquer, neither will yield. How: long shall this condition of stagnation exist? If they recognize no middle ground some exterior influence must be evoked or some duly empowered agent of government must interpose. It is not outside the province of good government to promote and maintain indtmtrlal welfare. Millions are ex- pended every year to extend our corn- SEATTLE, WASH., FRIDAY,AUGUST 16, 1901. meres; why not do something to con- tinue and shield industries upon which commerce primalily depends? A conflagration, a storm, a pesti- lence would produce less privation among women and children and yet no hand is raised in pity, no voice to cr out in authority removing the obstruction which is neither dollars nor cents, but a trial of strength be- tween the steel trust and the Amal- gamated Association. THE WORK OF THE MONKS. Father Young, the Paulist, has briefly drawn the line between the monks of the dark ages and their ac- cusers: "Protestantism," he says, "never civ- ilized one barbarous nation. It has claimed to have converted the Sand- wich Islanders to its form of Chris- tianity; bu did it civilize them? Did it succeed in the first element of civ- ilization, that of national self-preser- vation and numerical increase of the population? Here is a contrast: "The census of the Sandwich Is- lands, made by the Protestant mis- sionaries in 1823, gave 1.42,000 natives. In 1878 they were reduced to 44,088; in 1890, to only 34,436. The natives of the Philippine Islands were con- verted by Catholic Spanish mission- aries in the sixteenth century. The population m 1833 was 3,153,290; in 1877, 5,561,232; and in 1893, 7,000,000 (Encyclopaedia Brittannica and States man's Year Book, 1893)." DEATH OF HIS MOTHER. NEW YORK, Aug. t0.---Chaplaiz John P. Chidwick ofothe United States cruiser New York, now cruising off the coast or Japan, may not learn of the death of his mother/ Mrs. Mar- garet Chidwick, which just occurred at her home in Brooklyn, for several weeks. Cablegrams have been sen1 to various Japanese ports, but it is not known just where or when the cruiser will enter port. Chaplain Chidwick became well known several years ago as the chap- lain of the battleship Maine at the time of the explosion in Havana har- bor. CHILDREN ESCAPED. Bomb Exploded in Church of St. Nizier Troys, France. PARIS, Aug. I].--A bomb was ex- ploded this afternoon near the altar of the Church of St. Nizier, at Treys, doing considerabl damage to the thir, teenth century windows, but not in- juring any of the hundred children wbo, together with a priest, were in tile sacred edifice at the time. A Span- lard has been arrested on .uspicion of being the author o'f the outrage. PRIEST DEFENDS FRIARS. Father Doherty of New York Tells of Conditions in the Philippines. DETROIT, Mich., July 30.--"I went to tile Philippines determined to find out the truth of the charges against tile friars," said Father Doherty of New York at the Catholic summer school this morning. "I was commis- sioned by my archbishop to do so, and 1 spared no pains or trouble. Always, you know, it has been the friars when anything went wrong, but I tell you now it should be the salaried officials i of Spain, nominal Catholics, who, as the archbishop of Manila said to me, were the church's worst enemies." Father Dolmrty's whole talk was a de- fense of the friars. He concluded with the statement of his conviction that the fair and impartial work of the United States go'ernment investiga- tion wouhl soon sweep away misunder- standings and allow the zeal and self- sacrifice of the frairs and their un- swerving devotion to the Filipino peo- ple to be generally known. ISSAQUAH. Issaquah has been without Catholic church services since Father O'Brien went East. The Catholic gentlemen of Issaquah are succeedbg very well in organizing a court of tlle Catholic Order of For- esters. LINIITATiON OF TH[ RIIHTt OF I TRIK[RI. ARCHBISHOP IRELAND ON THE RIGHTS OF STRIKERS, Always Within Their Province, But They Must Not Interfere With Those Who Want to Work. NE WYORK, Aug. 9.--Thisafter- noon Archbishop Ireland passed through New York, returning home from tile Catholic total abstinence convention at Hartford. To the repre- sentative of the Associated Press he said that':the report in some New York papers to the effect that he had been invited to make efforts tending to- wards the settlement of the strike or that he had himself the intention of putting himself forward in this con- nection was utterly unwarranted and without foundation. Being further urged to express an opinion upon the present strike and strikes in general, he said : "The employes entering willing into a strike matter is one of their own personal concern, and other6 have but to concede to them their personal right to act in such manner as they will. Men ar the masters of their hands and their labor; the liberty is theirs to work or not to work, provided they understand the consequences. Not only indeed is this liberty at all times theirs, but we must furthermore grant that occasions may arise and do arise when a strike, however serious the consequences for the workman, is a means, and at times, perhaps, tile sole mbans through which rights apper. taining to them and which are of vital importance to their ultimate welfare, can be secured. When it is that under this aspect of things strikes may be allowed, or even condemned, is a ques- tion to be determined by close exam. inatlon of the circumstances of each i particular strike. 1 am laying down general principles of ethics--not de- ciding the merits of ally particular case. Must Not Interfere. "But, while the right to enter upon a strike is anti must be conceded, as a right belonging to the'personal free- dom of workingmen, this must be ver demanded--and in the name of the same people of personal freedom under which men may refuse to work --that they wire may cease to work must, in no way, interfere with the liberty of others who may wish to work. The personal freedom of the individual citizen is the most sacred and precious inheritance of Ameri. can.J. The constitution and the laws autlmrize it; the spirit of the country I procliams it; the prosperity of the )eople, the very life of the nation, re- quire it. Whatever the other interr ests at stake, that of the personal freedom of the iudividuai outranks them all, and this must be sustained even if those are to be sacrifled. Neither state nor fellow citizen may interfere with my personal liberty. This is the very cm'e of Americanism. This is the teaching of national and Christian ethics. "It is not for me to dispute the ben. efits that may be believed to accrue to tim workingman from labor unions nor am l prepared to say from infor- mation that comes to me through newspal/ers that in the present strike unions pretend to shorten personal freedom of men that do not join their ranks. But this may be ever em- phatically asserted and maintained as an inviolable principle, that however much labor unions may have reason tt; widen their muster rolls and how- ever much they have the legal anti moral right to do this through pacific and persuasive methods, they must not attempt to wrest from men outside their ranks the right to work, or to seek to coerce them into inactivity by illegal or unjust attacks upon their civil and moral freedom. Equity and law are superior to the personal wel- are of an individual or of aggrega- ions of individuals, and equity and law demand tllat the personal free- dora of the citizen, whoever he is, be made sacred and secure." GLEANED FROM OUR GERMAN EX- CHANGES, (Translated for The Progress by Mar- tlna JohnstoL) Teachers for the Philippines. I)uring the last few days the infor- mation has been given out by the press that several church dignitaries and Catholic institutions have been noti- fied by the government at Washington that Catholic teachers will be eligible to, positions in the public schools of the Philippine islands Thereupon the excessively optimistic "America," which hitherto has used only the po -I litest phrases and made the profound- est bows to the McKinley administra- tion, says in its issue of the 3d ult.: It is a matter for surprise that an ad- ministration that has shown itself most unfriendly to us Catholics should grant Catholic teachers to the children of the Filipinos. Meantime, before Mr. McKinley and his advisers receive praise which they do not deserve, read the following article, inspired by the secretary of war, from the New York Evening Post: "As concerns tim religious creeds of the teachers sent to the Philippines, the government takes the greatest pains not to injure itself with any de- nomination. A great number of edu- cational institutions, in all parts of the country, and of all shades of religious belief, as well as tlmse from which all religion is excluded, have been invit- ed to propose a suitable number or candidates for the positions offered in the Philippines. Notre Dame univers- ity, Holy Cross college, Georgetown university or the Catholic university, have been awarded no higher quota than non-Catholic institutions of the same rank. Throughout, the aim is to separate church and state absolutely nc. less in the schools than e in the Civil I government." In this there is no word! or' favor towards Catholics. On the l contrary, the federal government abridges the clear and indefeasible right of the Catholic Filipinos to have Catholic instructors for their children. But it wouhl be foolish because only the top of the little finger is extended the tip of the little finger is extended count to make no use of the grace, pus permission to send at least a few of those teacbers from among ourselves. In fact, so far as we are able to learn all those bishops and colleges that have been invited to do so have taken I the necessary steps in order that among two thousand and more teach- ers for the Philippines there may be reckoned at ],east A HUNDRED CATH- OLICS. THE TREATING HABIT. once becomes generally known no em- barrassment will result. This will en- list nearly all the men whose charac- ter and constitution make them eligi- hie to membership in fraternal organ- izations. Here is the means of mitl- ating the drink evil among millions of men. At heart all moderately tem- !perate men would heartily welcome such a social edict. The man who stands behind the bar would be glad to do business on the same basis as in other lines. He is financially a sufferer from the treat. ing habit, for it is no unusual thing for him to be asked "to treat. In an- swer to the usual question, "What will you have?" the answer comes, "The best." Nothing is too good for a man when he gets it for nothing. As to the evils resulting from this uncalled-for habit, much may be said. First, young men get their first drinks from the friend who thinks it would not be the same evidence of friend- ship if he offered to buy him a dinner. Hardly a boy will venture alone into a saloon and buy a drink. He goes under persuasion and protest. Second, the treater recognizes no limit and cares nothing about the con- dition of his friend. Then the friend must respond in kind and quantity. He soon passes the limit and is the victim of a custom Men drink about as i friends and, drinking so often, they become cronies, forgetful of the claims a wife and family have upon their earnings. First. the d'rinker suffers, then his family, and finally home has lost its charm. Its members remem ber it with indifference. The priva- tions and want of harmony make it a place so tiresome that its influence is depressing. No inspiring senti- ments lay hold of the boy in this place of noise and only brutal sympa- thy. We would recommend to our Seat- tle societies an adoption of the non- treating rule. WHENCE WAS AMERICA SET- TLED? When Columllus and his successor saw the inhabitants of the New World for the first time, the question natur- ally suggested Itself, Where did these people come from? Mr. John Fryer in the July Harper's Monthly answers this question by the theory of a Bud- dhist discovery of America. But the "theory is scarcely new. Dr. Leopold Arnaud, then of Detroit, a well-known vxplorer, furnished evidence in the Tribune of that city in June, 1899, that the "American race is a derivation fom the Mongolian," and among the evidence he cites the startling instance that some tribes of savages in South America have the same talismans, sim- ilar customs and almost the same re- ligion and language as certain tribes ia Asia. What was the probable direction of this Asiatic invasion of what we now know as America? It seems to have been along the Pacific current of Karl- Sire to Alaska, following the current !as far south as California, where they founded "Tulan," a name which was found by the Spanish in more than one part of the country; thence to Mexico and Central America, spread- ing about the Orinoco and into the Antilles. Dividing. some, it would seem, took a southward direction and ascended the Andes; others reaching Colombia, were again divided along the Amazon. History is corroborated by archaeology, and I)r. Arnaud makes a special point that "in the center of the American continent we have the 'yu,' a nephrite or judeite, peculiar to Asia, and bearing the characters evi- dently Asiatic." t,'urther corroboration is adduced front religious beliefs, from philology anti the manners and customs of the pep- % ple."--New World. The question of practical temper- ante is always seasonable. Last week the Catholic Total Abstinence union of America met at Hartford, Conn., and planned for more effective work in the cause of total abstinence. They have accomplished wonderful good for the individual. A short time ago the Knlgl|ts of Coh|mbus began a crusade against the treating habit. This is a very popular move and will do a great deal toward preventing excess in the use of intoxicating beverages. The idea of treating is an American insti- tution, or at least if has grown to its full length in our .country. When a man is drunk and broke he does not hesitate to ask a friend, nor even a stranger, to buy him a drink. Was it in this way the thing grew to be a national habit? If so, it is at best a reflection on one's sobriety to l)e asked to drink, and it should be looked upon :a, an insinuation that he is a hank- rupt or that he is too stingy to buy i what he wants. A Conversazione. A firm stand against treating or be- Stuffed Cat--Mr. O:,l, are you as ing treated should be made a part of wise as you look? the obligation of every society provid- Stuffed Owl--Goodness, no! Wise ing life insm:ance and of every society people never give themselves away by paying sick benefits. Thus handling lcoldng wise. Say: if you get hungry don't Jump on me, because I'm half men in groups will soon establish the full of cheap moth balls.--Chicago non-treating condition, and when it Record.