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Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 15, 1902     Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 15, 1902

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-VOL. IV, NO. 33. @ A WEEKI,Y FAMILY NEWSPAPER. i 'EATTIM, WASItINGTON. FRIDAY, AUGUST 15. 19/)2. "l PRICE FIVE CENTb i | ,r A DIGNII! IEI) )  1R0qEST. ;LHE RECENT PROTEST CALMLY DISCUSSED BY A PRIEST OF THE DIOCESE OF GRAND RAPIDS. To Petition the Government for Re- dress of Grievances Is Part of the Privileges of American Citizens. The dicsussion with regard to the timeliness of the recent Catholic pro- tests anent Phlippine conditions, grows as time advances, says the Catholic Telegraph. One of the most note- worry contributions to the literature ou the subject is from the pen of Rev. ('I. J. Gallagher, of St. Andrew Ca- thedral, Grand Ral)ids. It is cahu, clear-cut and conclusive in its reason- ing. Originally contributed to the columns of the Grand Rapids Herald,  its judicial tone and logical analysis " has attracted much attention. The protest of the Grand Rapids Catholics is yet fresh in the public mind. In part Father Gallagher sa,ys: "The wide publicity given to the '.imely rebuke' administered to the opponents of the administration by Archbisop lreland and the importance attached by many to his utterances make it appear imperative that local Catholics should re-examine their po- sitio after the cyclone has passed over. A careful perusal of the Arehbishop's words shows no reason why we should recede from the position already taken. And we believe this will also be ,the verdict of Bishops MeQuade, Horst- mann and Messmer, of the archbishops and prisots of the archdioceses of Cin- cinnati and Milwaukee, of the bishops and priests of Hartford, Columbus, Leavenworth, etc., etc., who dared without asking Archbishop Ireland to make use of their constitutional right to petition the Govermnent for redress of grievances. Contrary to the Arch- bishop's view this is not a matter to be left to the Pope, but it is a part of our privileges as American citizens. The man who has not spirit enough to stand up and defend his rights ill deserve to h.ave them. "We contend, in the first place, that the friar side of the Philippine ques- tion has never been heard. The Sen- ate Committee listened attentively to Governor Taft contradicting himself on the subject, they gave the unsavory Buenoamino a hearing, they called in the Methodist bishop of India to testi- fy against the friars, but they declined to hear the American Archbishop Cha- pelle, who studied Pidlippine condi- tions ou the spot, or any other Catho- lic witness. "To condemn a body of men on such exparte testimony without a hearing is contrary to all principles of fairness "- and justice, andwe willsay so, all the court prelates in the world to the con- rary notwithstanding. "We hold that to order out the friars, either directly or by circuitous meth- ods, without conviction of crime, is a violation of the Constitution and over- turns the safeguards of civil and relig- ious liberty. If Spanish priests can J be banished simply because an admin- istration'thinks ' it helpful in the work of Amerioanizing, Polish, Ger- man or Irish can be exiled for the same reason. And what is sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander, if an administration thinks it advatageous it would have the same right to ban- ish clergymen of any and all denomin- ations. We said, and say so still, that this is not the religious liberty we have hitherto enjoyed. If Archbishop Ireland doubts that the banishment of the friars was contemplated let him read Secretary Root's instructions to Governor Taft. "We maintained that to force the Filipinos to support a school system which they can not in conscience ac- cept, and a violation of liberty of cou- science. If the United States supplied tlm people with meat and furnished nothing but pork, would it be just to make the Jew pay for pork which we know he can not eat and must pay out as much more to purchase beef. If the FilipiNo pays $10 a year for the Catholic school which educates his children lie nmst by law pay at least $10 more for a school lie can not use, and we hold, wth all deference to His Grace of St. Paul, that this is eq--u'wr:'- lent to a fine of $10 a year for having a Catholic conscience, and a bribe of $10 a year iu one's pocket for adopting tt non-Catholic one. "The Arel,bishop accepts Governor Wright's sweeping denial, after three days'.investigation, of diserimintion against Catholics, as Gospel truth. The value of the inquiry can be gauged from the naiw, manner iN which it fund of California, sailed on the steam- ship Celtic today. The archbishop is accompanied by C. W. McEnerny, his legal advisor, and will be followed in a few days by United States Senator .W:ir o.bevada. The amount in- ..... SNO00H. Rev. Father Bourke, who has taken the place of Rev. Father O'Brien ill St. Miehaels' Church, Snohomish, held sevrices for the first time last Sun- day. Father Bourke has been trans- was conducted. I asked Mr. Oliver," fcrl'ed from Aberdeen, Wash., and says Wright, 'if he was a bigot, and he said, 'No.' The watcr-curecharg- es were also emphatically denied at first The Archbishop ays that the Taft commission was a compliment to the Holy Father, and that other govern- nlents would have gone ahead without asking the Pope. tie forgets we live, thank God, under a constitutional government, where the administration can not be arbitrury. Moreover, Gov- ernor Taft is shrewd enough to know that the Constitution and the Treaty of Paris stood in the way of the anti- friar program, and the Ronmn trip may not have been so much 'a gracc- ful compliment ' as a clever move to shift the odium of a tyrmmieal meas- ure on the shoulders of His Holiness If Leo was satisfied, as the Archbishop says, with the propositions made by him, Governor Taft would have left Rome with the doeomeuts ordering the ;friars to withdraw in his pocket. For the Pope admires the Amercian Re- leaves behind many friends and well- wishers. His remarks last Sunday were wJry impressive. Rev. Father O'Bricn moved from here last Saturday to Everett whore he'intends to make his future home. Father O'Brien has been in Snohomish for about eghteen months and has ac- complished a great deal During that time the parochial house has been lminted and furnished throughout. Six sets of new vestments,two chalices and one eiborium have been secured At present there is something over $700 in the fund to pay off! an old out- standing debt of $1000 that has been hanging over the church for some time. We wish liim every success in lfis new field of labors. Rev. Father Bourke, our new pastor, left here Tuesday morning for Aber- deen, his former home to bid his friends there good-bye. We expect him back the latter part of the week. THE CATAOLIC AS A CITIZEN. NOTABLE UTTERANCE OF HeN. E. A. PHILBIN AT KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS' BANQUET. Rehgmn aced " Placed upon the In- culcation of Al in and Devotion to the Re vealed Law. The following address was delivered by Hen. Eugene A. Philbin, cx-Dis. trier Attorney of ?Now York a a ban- quet given by the Knights of Colum- bus at Atlantic City. Mr. Phill)iu is a distinguished Catholic and an in- timate persomfl friend of President Roosevelt. Special efforts were made by the knights looking ro the publica- tion of the address by the daily papers, says the Catholic Standard and Times but they were in wdn. The " Catholic as a Citizen" was Mr. Philbin's topic and he spoke in part. as follows: It is nmst fitting that we Catholies should have brought ro mind the fact that this great continent was,in effect, 1)rought into being through the ageNcy of one of our religmn, and that the first act upon its soil was the utterance of a prajer from a Catholic heart:that a prominent motive in tim sending of the expedition was, iu the language ofColumbus, "r,o ascertain the means to be taken fur the conversion of the people, in the lands to be discovered, to the holy faith." It was notmerely an enterprise prompted by the greed public and would be willing to concede any thing consistent with his con- and the interests of religion. "Archbishop Ireland seems to think and many others with ilim, that all tim Filipinos are tenants of the friars. But, according to Governor Taft, they own 403,000 anres, partly unproductive. Give each farmer 40 acres, and five persons to a farm and you have at most 50,000 women and children con- cerned in the question. But there arc 6,500,000 Catholic Filipinos besides these, and the great majority of these desire the return of the friars, and no competent proof has ever been offered to the contrary. The President of the Centre Catholico,' representing sever- al million Catholics in the Philippines, spent $53 last week to wire ,Grand Rapids that the Fihpino Catholics wish to keep the friars. The Arch- bishop's views in regard to religious orders was condemned in the papal let- ter on 'Heokerism,' miscalled 'Ameri- canism,' and his opinions on the school question and on secret societies were also rejected in Rome. With this rec- ordasan interpreter of the Pope's mind, it can not cause surprise if some Catholics refuse to ac'ccpt him as an oracle on the Philippine question. "M. J. Gallagher." HISTORIG WINDOW SHATTERED. VENICE, Aug. 3.A great window in the basilica of the Dominican church, St. John and St. Paul, fell in today, as the result of having been shaken by a clap of thunder. The church itself, which ranks next in im- portance to St. Marks, has been de- clared by experts to be in danger of collapse. It contains fine monuments of the most famous doges, who lie buried there. The edifice was begun in 1340 and finished ninety years later. Contained within its history is the whole story of the rise, the grandeur and the decay of the ancient city. The architects are laboring to save the naves and other parts of the structure from collapse and are confident that they will we successful. ARCHBISHOP RIORDAN. Goes to Attend Meeting at The Hague for Settlement of the Plus Claims. New York, Aug.. 73.--Archbishop P. ft. Riordan of San Francisco, who is on his way to attend a meeting at The Itague before the international court, which will decide whether Mex- ico shall pay the interest on the Plus A very l)loasant evening was passed of man, but one suggested by an ear- at the home of Mr. A. LeBel last Sun- nest desire to carry c;'.lightemnent and religion to a benighted people. day evening. Many invited friends Could moreideal auspices for the Rev.Were FatherPresent'Bourke.amng whomice creamWaS wasthe birth of a new land be imagined ? served and all seemed pleased with It was dedicated to the Supreme Be- the evening spent, ing Ul)On its gift by Him to the civil- i * * * ized world, and through this great St. Mary's Court, No. 551, W. C. O. F. held its regular meeting Friday evening the 8th. There were eight more members accepted, two of whom were transfers from Star of the Sea. The court was favored with 'a visit from Mrs. Goggin of Chicago who needsno introduction as she is well knJwu both as a Forester and a l)rom- inent educator. She was pleased with the harmonious spirit that prevails in St. Mary's Court and she thought that the court was especially favored in having such a chaplain as Rcv. Father Metz. WILKESON. Th ere was a special train from here to Fairfax last Sunday, ann the crowd that went up to witness the base ball game enjoyed themselves immensely. The waterworks of Wilkeson are nearly completed and all the business portion of the town will be supplied. !..,. Mr. Joe Wine is having water put in his store. Willie Lewis, son of John Lewis, was hurt in the mine a week ago last. Tuesday and is improving slowly. His young friends never tire sitting up with him and administering to his wants. The Luzon Coal Company will be putting coal in their bunkers by the last of the week. Mrs. Dennis J. O'Brien spent Mon- day in Tacoma. Mr. and Mrs. Richards returned home Monday after a three days' visit in Tacoma with friends. Miss Kate Wareham spent a few days in Tacoma this week. Another rich strike was made last week at the Chenwis Falls Copper company's mine, much better ore than has been found yet, the ore running about 47 per cent copper, 17 in gold and .0367 in silver. Why do so many of our Catholic parents tend their children to non- Catholic Smday school when there is catechism and instruction given at the Catholic church every second Sun- day? We hope to see a better attend- ance in the future. country it has ever been an instrument for the elevation of mankind and a ful- fillment of a mission for the advance- ment of _the hmnan race, in teaching irresponsibility in self-government. It was ordained that the new world should contain an asylum for the op- pressed, who, by entering into an at- i mosphere in which was to be found i liberty in the highest and truest sense, would be given renewed ambition and worthy aspirations. When we recall the fact that the study of geography was actively en- gaged in by the Arabian sages in tim fifteenth century, we may well realize that it was the design of God that from the very first the discovery of this land should be reserved for His people and that it should be consecra- ted to His work. The thought of the small, vessels traversing trackless seas tells us that the spirit that caused them to persist was that of no mere human creation,but one truly inspired by the Creator Himself. The supreme faith in the success of the expedition shown by Columbus was born of the religious faith instilled at his mother's knee, and which made it impossible for him ever to refrain from placing the fullest reliance upon the merciful dispensations of Provi- dence. In a form of government such as ours the responsibility cast upon the citizen is immeasurably greater than under other circumstances, because he is not only called upon to submit to the law, as one governed, but he is al- so bound to enforce the law as oe who governs.. His life, liberty and proper- ty depend not only upon his insistence that the law shall be maintained, but also upon his own regard for that law. But when we speak thus we have in mind only the cihzen who loves order, and not he who is the enemy of society through a lack of moral sense and ever stands ready to profit by wrongs against his fellow-citizen. To men so predis- posed the civil law is of little use, for its penalties may often too be avoided by successful appeals through skillful lawyers to the credulity or sympathy of those charged with its enforcement. Reliance must, therefore, be placed upon the inculcation of appreciation and devotion to the revealed law. Such a devotion is inspired in the highest and best sense by such bodies as the Knights of Columbus. When we see housands of men bind- ing themselves together for no other objee than the mutual apl)reeiation and enjoyment of their religion, we may well look forward with confidence to the creation and maintenance of the highest standard of citizenship. S ch fraternal societies may be safe- l'y looked upon as representing the real sentiment of the Church,for their per- feet loyalty to the hierarchy precludes the taking of a 1)osition on any subject _,tdverse to the interests of the Church. iduals may have their visions obls to the real attitude of the Church by rsual ambtmn, but the - ,.N2inion of the fratermu eeneeNsus O ( ,,,.;,,; ..... ],'afely relied upon as so'a(Rlcs nmy be.' ' . . f autholtms o viet)l'o'ed byte: " ' the Church.  ..... 1 [)1(} (1ll I; A llev and very rosl)Oll  + ," has l)en rec(ntly cast npon t/l: . : . . 'ngln ohc Amerman ctzen m" the 1)ml nl. , . . "Ioa under the protection of the AmePl flag the hundreds of thousands " Catholics in the Philipl)ine Islands We American Catholics have a mission, not, to teach our coreligionists iu tlmse islands things regarding the faith, of American citizenship and to inspire such a devotion t,) American institu- tions as  ourselves feel In this aim we shall have the fulles and mos cordial support of our government. It has l)een my privilege to have had conversations upon this subjce wit.l the President of the United States and I can assure you that nothing will be done by this government that will be offensive to the Church. There is no intention to drive the friars out. If it should apl)ear that there is any friur in the islands who is an enemy to the American Government, or who is objectionable to his parishioners, the case should be brought o the superior of his order to be disposed of in an ap- propriate manner. Evidence that this great outcry against the friars comes from the iu- surrectors and not from the ordinary and peaceable eitizeds of Manila is gradually accumulating. The real fact of the nmtter is that the Government has been misilfformed as to the friars, not only by residents of the Philippines, but also by people of our own faiti in this country. It is only recently that accurate in- formation showing that there has been a great misconception as to the frhucs has becnbroughtato the Government. It is our desire to be reasonable iu this matter, and all we ask is that the great religious orders of the Church shall not be condemned without a hearing.. Justice only is asked for. Some months ago it was my great priv- ilege to have a private audience with the Holy Father, and on that occasion in speaking of the President of the United States said he would always be just to the Church. The Holy Father answered: "That is all we want--justice." It will be recalled that it was only on Sunday week that a great demon- stration was to be made in Manila against tim friars. As a matter of fact the whole thin was a most absurd fizzle, and the instigators were unable to even muster enough people for a parade. A cablegram was received not long ago from Manila expressing on behalf of 1,500,000 Catholics appreciation of the condemnation of the attacks up- on the friars. Such facts are being brought to the attention of the gov- ernment and removing the impression that it has been wrongfully given in relation to the matter. So that I feel justified in saying that we may rest with entire confidence upon a dispo sition of the subject that will be en. tirely satisfactory to the Church, Hardly less in importance to our churches in the Philippines are our schools, and the educational slystem of the Church must be sustained to the fullest extent, and I am confident that it will. In evidence of this I can speak of an instanee read of in a Cath- olic periodical, which told of the action of a local official in closing a Jesuit school, and his immediate removal by his superior wheu the complaint was made by the Jesuit father, k'oa can not have good citizens without relig- ious training. i spoke from actual experience when I said that the civil law neither nor keeps men good. I will. admit that even those who have had religious training fall, but they have either been esmranged from their faith or are so constituated that they would have fallen long before, or lower, if it had not been for such training, Support us in our effort to train our young and the Church will give you good 0itizens. It is unfair, however, to cat upon us such a responsibility if you render it impossible by interference Wtf our schools for us r,o disohargeit. In our performmme of the "duty we owe to our fellow Catholics in the Philippines, we must not lose sight of the obligations resting upon us here, for it: might be aptly said that good citizenship begins at home. I do not thiuk that ;o be a good citizen one must, bc an aggressive and voluble re. former. It is my belief that those re- '' formers who are constantly advising /: or attackiug public officials through the press are more intent upon gaining mtoriety than serving ally useful :. t'-)ose. ]:heir constant efforts to ',,, pu . . :/' PU.,ne another m clamor and a- +, Olll;UO', . = ' , i , ,, ublic attention remind IUO . r, racung "a " ' ."" :.Naof the days when I go fish-  very mucn'.. .. . ": '::  " ,  Slllall oraos common- ., '{ lllg la 1([ use $111 w  .. ,, , _ .. fi, - " ,. ly kn(vn aS "fla .......... ' '  , -' ...... ; .( .... . .--".tienty xor me me : ,' ,,v. ten VllllO Walr, lllgpta  ..... :;; .' ........... o ;-,Ne heard,' these: " .... :i thatever comes I ha.'- . . ; op, and if I looked at them I Wouldr" " . il be sure to see the selfish wa.. in wl!j,!k ...... one "fiddler" would climb n another ' ;' '"ff:l'l. to escape. I do no intend these re. ;, nmrks o apply to those reformers who ; ,"i, quietly give their time and money with great, eagerness for the govorn- "  ment's good and whose names ,}ly - , appear, except as members of reform bodies, or contributors to their expens. OS. Let us in the fullness of appref '. .............. ,' tion of the privileges of American oJ izenship never lose sight of .the rocal duty owing, but strive alwayso be to our fellow citizens all that-is worthy of our Church and its tea0h lugs. INTERESTING SUMMARY OF MILITARY TRIALS I'N THE IS-  i LANDS. evere Sentences Imposed for Sri. ous Broaches of , Discipline. From time to time ohargea have been made against our sMdiers in th . Philippines and each of these accusa- tions brought forth a storm of from the administration organs military officials at home. "water-cure" was first mentioned was indignantly denied that sueh rices were indugled in by our men, Later developments, however, have more than proven the charges true. Again the whole nation was startled at the brutal orders rgiven by Gea Jacob Smith to 'kill all over ten years of age and to make Samara howling ( wilderness'. Gem Smith's acknowl- edgement of the truth of these orders and his subsequent court-martial and oonviotionsilenoedalr denial in h{s case. But now comes a report con- taining an interesting summary of the results of a number of court-mar- tial cases in the Philippines and a pe- :usal of its contents should open the eyes of those who believe there hu been no excuse for the many olargos : made. The report shows that out Of ',; 1023 oases where oonviti0n followed i trial the accused in 227 oases were dis- honorably discharged, in 231 oases for- feited pay and allowances, in 115 oases, suffered other punishment, in 110 oases were fined, and in 320 cases were sen- ; teneod to confinement. The charges included murder, manslaughter, as- .,, saults and attmepted assaults. The , great majority of the cases were for trivial offenses and were based upon : complaints made by the native Filipi. ' nos. To the credit of the military au- thorities in the islands, however, it must bc said that severe penalties have been attached to all broaches of disoi fliue and m ,stanoes the death 1