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August 7, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 7, 1964

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901 Terry Avenue, Seattle 991N Telephone MAin 2-8BS0 Second-Class Moll Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Ray. James H. Gandrou .............................. editor Published every Friday by the Catholic Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. Mary eresnohan ............................ Associate editor PAGE 4 FRIDAY, AUGUST 7. 1964 Dangerous Game tate department officials are puzzled about the motives behind North Viet- namese attacks on U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin. One doesn't have to be a political strategist, however, to know that the ultimate motive behind Communist PT raids is total domination of the Asian Empire. It is likewise evident that the at- tacks on U.S. destroyers Maddox and C. Turner Joy, re&less as they seem, were not the result of an isolated and uncon- trolled group of Red fanatics. Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson speaking before the United Nations pointed out that "the unprovoked Com- munist attack was the work of author- ities dedicated to the use of force to achieve their objectives, regardless of the consequences." From what we know of Commun- ist philosophy and tactics, it would ap- pear that the Viet attack, occuring as it does within a United States election year, may well be aimed at forcing the West to compromise rather than risk the threat of all-out war. Neutralization of Viet- nam at this time would be to the advan- tage of the Chinese Communists, and they would gladly lose a battle in the Gulf of Tonkin if it means a step nearer to winning the total war in Asia. nfortunately, Communists do not play poker with cards, but with guns and men. Human lives are at stake m this tense and dangerous cold war game. There are no simple rules to fol- low when you sit across the table from master psychologists with nerves of steel, who deal off the bottom, use a different set of rules, and care little for the human lives at stake. Our nation's leaders need wisdom, courage, and Divine guidance if they are to call this Red Communist bluff in An Onion Grows BY W. L. ClClONE THE EARTH turns hard aft' a winter's thaw. With each spade churned wiggling creatures I saw. Disturbed from refuge in the fragrant soil, That seed might flourish 'neath the victor's spoil. The drench of summer's sweat I do deplore, The seed I plant is whole in any store. Why then this crave to witness nature's birth? But on with it, another turn of spade to earth! Well in you go, oh seed, to flourish; For on your summer's fruit I hope to nourish. It seems like watching pot to boil, But sure, I've wasted all my toil. FROM ALL the rain the heavens gave, The earth should burst, lest you're a knave. Come through now, seed, for I anger so With foolish thought that you shan't grow. What's this I see from earth's safe cover, Oh seed, what newness I discover? How proud your sun bathed shoots do show, How proud I watch an onion grow! ,. There Must Be An Easier Way F : ............ "':! .......... ............................... * ":I:?.:?::Y:: : i ................................................................. ? i . j :,:: :,: ... .: ... i:' 5 Be Immoderate In Liberty, Truth By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S. HIS is a column we write with some misgivings. It will probably be in- terpreted in a political way at least by some. It could hardly be less political. It concerns truth, truth about the nature of virtue. To eliminate any political implications, we will make a political statement which is unique for us. We have been seriously thinking of voting for President Johnson. This is not surprising at all with regardto a writer who is in no sense a politician. We may add, further, that we are now talking about an intra-Republiean squabble which we witnessed entirely as an outsider. So did you, probably. SENATOR Goldwater made a remark in his acceptance speech which is most "misunder- standable." He said, "Extremism in the de- fense of liberty is not a vice. Moderation in pursuit of justice is not a virtue." Some of those who were with us gasped. Governor Rockefeller later gasped out loud and in print. But this appeared to be an internecine political quarrel between a victorious candidate and one who, defeated, still licks his wounds and t  snarls. Their's was a private quarrel, thereforE.-- But what has been said for the record is public. Goldwater is right; Rockefeller, wrong. And we are talking about ethics. One simply cannot be too much devoted to lib6rty, provided it be properly understood, for a free man is God's most glorious creation. One A simply cannot be moderate in the pursuit of T W I justice. This is like some poor girl's being just a little bit pregnant--in the tired old joke. NO SAINT, for example, was a "moderate" in the Rockefeller sense. A saint loved God and neighbor beyond our understanding. He pursued justice also, as well as charity. He sought the liberty of the sons of God with his whole being. Truth is truth. And, politically, so far as we care, you can vote for Wallace and be damned. ' Chautauqua Is Vietnam. Pray for Them.  ....... . Why Not Madame Nhu?! V E me i 1 .**..=o paradox exists here American i ..... : il ery cu n ca soldiers are dying in South Vietnam to defend if: By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. On Mountain-Climbing Editor, The Progress: L'Osservatore della Domenica, the Vatican City Weekly, has been quoted in a recent dispatch to your paper as saying, "it is immoral to climb mountains just for the fun or glory of it". If it has been quoted torial staff has fallen a long way down from the mountain of esteem that Pope Plus XI built in the eyes of the world's sportsmen. The Vatican editor- ial staff sounds like the over- fond and doting mother who chides her little "Lord Faunt- leroy" not to play with the rough boys in the street. Let me remind you a little about Pope Pius XI (Achille Ratti). He was a mountaineer of considerable ability. He also was probably more acutely aware of any morality con- nected with mountain risks than the sedentary editors of L'Osservatore. In an ascent of the Grand Paradis, the highest mountain wholly in Italy, he met with an adventure which has been thus recorded by his companion: "On the glacier our guide fell into a crevasse and would have perished had it not been for the presence of mind, skill, and strength with which Ratti held the rope and little by little succeeded in drawing him back to saf- ety." Pope Plus XI knew the risks of mountaineering and obvious- ly did not consider them im- moral. Douglas W. Freshfield, who at the time was one of Eng-. land's outstanding mountain- eers, wrote the following about Pope Plus XI: "Let me take . . . as an ex- ample of Monsignor Ratti's en- ergy and endurance the cross- hag of Monte Rosa of which an account follows. Few more daring feats are on record. The ascent of the precipitous face of the Monte Rosa above Maeugnaga was for years reckoned as one of the un- solved problems of the Alps. "Monsignor Ratti's patriot- ism made him eager that this spectacular feat should be repeated by his country- men . . . and after its ac- complishment, the party con- sisted of himself, a colleague, Professor Grasselli, and two Courrnayeur guides, met with no perils with which they did not find themselves compe- tent to cope," In the Pope's own detailed account of the arduous climb, he told how he minimized the danger by selecting favorable correctly, the Vatican edi- weather and mountain condi- tions. He also told of the sights and feelings experienced by a mountaineer. High on the mountain they were overtaken by darkness; so sitting on a tiny ledge, feet dangling into space, and try. ing to eat their frozen food, here was how he described the experience: "At the height . . . in the center of the grandest of all the grand Alpine theatres... in that pure transparent at- mosphere, under that sky of deepest blue, lit by a cres- cent moon and sparkling with stars as far as the eye could reach.., in that silence... Enough! I will not try to de- scribe the indescribable. "Both Professor Grasselli and I are firmly convinced that nature is very unlikely ever to vouchsafe us a grander, a more magnificent spectacle. "We felt ourselves to be in the presence of a novel and most imposing revelation of the omnipotence and majesty of God . . . " "I thank God for that he has allowedme to admire at close quarters, beauties which are certainly among the greatest and grandest in this visible world he has created. I am glad that we have been the means of filling no in- considerable gap in the his- tory of the Club Alpine Itali. ano . . ." When Achille Ratti was elect- ed Pope, his beloved Club Al- pine Italiano sent him hearty congratulations: to which Car- dinal Gasparri replied on be- half of Plus XI: "The new Pope ... re- oices ihat he can, amid the avy burdens of his office, point to the ennobling ef- forts of the mountaineer as a true means to uplift the spirit of mankind, and to bring it nearer to God in the contem- plation of the eternal beau- ties of the mountains." I hope the timid editors of L'Osservatore della Domeniea will re-read these words of Cardinal Gasparri and remem- ber the glory of days gone by when a mountaineer was our sovereign pontiff. J. Alex Maxwell, A.A.C Yakima Asia from Communism, while in the United States we are granting privileges to Communists and we are refusing a South Vietnamese anti- Communist. The Madame Nhu- Elizabeth Gurley Flyrm case illustrates the strange double standard of the anti-anti-Communists. In handing down the majority opinion against the Subversive Activ- ities Control Act, the Supreme Court decided that a Communist such as Mother Flynn might want to travel abroad for no more sinister pur- pose, to quote TIME magazine, than "to read rare manuscripts in the Boclleian Library of Oxford University." Could not Madame Nhu then be granted a visa on the supposition that she wants to come to America for no more sinister reason than to read rare manuscripts in the Library of Congress? Of course there is a good reason why Ma- dame Nhu wants to come to the U. S., just as there is a good reason why Elizabeth Gurley Flynn wants to travel to the Red mecca in' Mos- cow. It is well known that Madame Nhu (whom the "liberal" press has portrayed to the American people as some sort of a "dragon lady" because of her fierce opposition to Communism) has been invited to address a meeting of Americans who believe in giving an anti-Communist a chance to speak against REd tyranny just as American soldiers are speaking oat against Communism on the jun- gle battlefields of South Vietnam. It is equally well known why Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and her U. S. comrades have worked so hard to regain their passport privi- leges. One of the Party's chief channels of communication is a direct representative from the Communist International who serves as a transmitter of oral instructions and directives which Moscow deems of special importance. In winning her case before the Supreme Court, Mother Flynn won for the Communist International the power to operate more effi- ciently and with greater precision. l -- MindzEnty Foundation like Lee Oswald from returning to Moscow for postgraduate courses in espionage, subversion and assassina- tion when the Supreme Court struck down the passport provisions for the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950 a few weeks ago. Top Red lecturer, Herbert Aptheker, and U.S. Communist Party Chairman, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, fought a hard battle to retrieve their passports, revoked in 1962 under provisions of the Subversive Activities Act, but the victory handed to them by the Supreme Court was worth it. Now all Communists are free to travel " between the United States. and Moscow as often as their superiors in the Soviet Union see the need. Whether it be to give them special train- ing in espionage or to deliver extraordinary assignments for them to carry back to secret members of the Party in the U. S., the Supreme Court decision gives the Reds carte blanche to '"'r6 fit will. " ........ ^[A .....  ,; This same freedom is no! allowed anti-Corn- munists. We can remember when Katanga's anti-Communist Premier, Molse TshombE, re- quested permission to enter 'the land of the free and the home of the brave" after he had been stripped by UN troops of his lawfully ' held office in the Congo. The freedom to tter promised by the Statue of Liberty was denied Tshombe. A similar request by South Vietnam's Ma- dame Nhu has recently been turned down by the U. S. on the grounds that her presence would bE "prejudicial to the public interest." Why would it be prejudicial to anyonE's interest e x e e p t to Communists and Communist ap- peasers to grant Madame Nhu a visa to visit the United States? Is Madame Nhu, a 90-pound mother with small children, a Catholic, and an anti-Communist, so dangerous to America? And is Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, an atheist, a race agitator, a defender of the Rosenberg spies, and an international Communist, a dis- tinguished citizen who should be granted all the privileges earned by patriots who have died to preserve freedom for our country? Historic Condemnation GILBERT for the majority of the American states and a severe blow to Castro's regime. Castro's first reaction was to assert angrily that he would provide "all available reasources" to pro-Communist revolutionaries in this hemi- sphere. Later, he professed to be seeking better relations with the U,S., but even then he included an accusation or two in his rhmarks and added a threat or retaliation if further "provoked," Soviet Russia leveled some new charges against the U. S. while the foreign ministers were meeting, obviously seeking to influence the outcome of their deliberations. What will happen now? First, it remains to be seen whether the four American states--and they are important states --that voted against condemning Castro's re- gime will join up with the majority in action. Immediately following the meeting here there were predictions that they would. It was an- nounced Bolivia would follow the will of the majority. Uruguay was expected to follow suit. Observers could not readily predict Chile's course, pointing to coming election in that coun- try in which a Communist-backed candidate is making a strong showing. MeKico's foreign min- ister w/is the only Latin American foreign affairs chief who did not attend the meeting. Speeches made for Mexico at the conference denounced the censure of Castro. Will Castro, already condemned by what has been called the strongest measure ever taken at an inter-American eonferenca, decide to step up his aggression, and, in time, un- horse the governments that voted his condem- nation? Will Soviet Russia and Red China, which already have investments in Castro Cuba, extend Castro even greater material aid? Will they urge him on to greater defiance of the nations of this hemisphere? If Castra goes through his early blustering, it will be interesting to SeE in what manner, and to what extent, the American states apply the sanctions they have been given the license to USe. i By J. J. ASHINGTONThe meeting of for- eign ministers of the Organization of American States which invoked new economic and political sanctions against Fidel Castro's Cuba may have opened a new era in Latin American affairs. U. S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk has called it one of the most important meetings held in this hemisphere. Observers are virtually unanimous in calling it historic, though its actual fruits will be some time in maturing. The meeting held here backed up a report of an OAS investigating committee, which had found that Castro's regime had sought to sub- vert Venezuelan institutions and to overthrow its democratic government "through terrorism, sabotage, assault and guerilla warfare." And so, the meeting said: Cuba was guilty of aggression. The foreign ministers "energetic- ally" condemned Cuba for this aggression; said "governments of the American states shall not maintain diplomatic or consular relations with the government of Cuba;" directed American states to suspend all trade with Cuba, except in foodstuffs, medicine and medical equipment; and called on the American states to sus15end all sea trade with Cuba, except such as may be of a "humanitarian nature," Only four American states still maintain dip- lomatic ties with Cuba; trade between OAS members and Cuba. is estimated to total less than $15 million a year, or less than 1 per cent of Cuba'/world trade; air travel between Cuba and American states, for which there seems to be a loophole, now consists principally of three flights a week between Havana and Mexico City. There was immediate interest in whether the four countries that voted against the new sanc- tions -- Mex;o, Chile, Bolivia and Uruguay -- would now bnform to the action of the ma- jority. Some law.makers here professed to be disappointed that the action of the OAS meeting was not unanimous. Other authorities noted the 15 to 4 vote was above the two-thirds vote needed. It was also said that the vote was a psye.hological victory HE Ecumenical Council document on Ecumenism urges Catholics to be- come better acquainted with non-Cath- olics and to read up on the history of non- Catholic movements. I knew very little about ChautaUqua when I arrived there July 19 to give a series of lectures on "The Hopes and Chal- lenges of the Ecumenical Movement." But my eyes were opened by the bustling activity of this summer colony of some 10,000 residents. THE CHAUTAUQUA Institution is located on Lake Chautauqua, New York State, about 75 miles from Buffalo. Here the Chautauqua move- ment originated in 1674. The two founders' aim was to offer intensive training to Protestant Sunday school teachers during summer vaca- tions. The initial inspiration of Chautauqua was therefore religious but as the years went on, Chautauqua also became a center of adult edu. cation especially in art, music and literature. So great was its prestige that famous lecturers called their lecture circuits "travelling Chau- tauquas." Today Chautauqua is flourishing. Some 10,000 people make this religious and cultural enclave their summer home and about 40,000 attend some parts of the season's program. Lectures on every subject under the sun are given from early in the morning till late at night. Syracuse University conducts many of the lectures. There are concerts by a top-level symphony orchestra, plays, operas as well as innumerable aquatic and other sports. IN THE ENCYCLOPEDIA Americana, Ar- thur Bestor, Jr., says that Chautauqua "has adapted itself with remarkable resilience to changing social forces." I would like t 9 empha- size that it is now adapting itself to the ecu- menical movement. It was my privilege in July to be the first Roman Catholic priest to lecture at this great American institution. The invita- tion came through the head of the department of Religion at Chautauqua, the Rev. Henry Smith Leiper, long associated with the Ecu- menical Movement because of his work with the World Council of Churches. It took courage to break a 91-year precedent. He was my gracious host, table companion, and chairman of my lectures, t0 THE AUDIENCE was made up largely o elderly Protestant women, and Protestant clergy- mien who seemed to have a lively interest in developments at the Second Vatican Council as well as at World Council of Churches' meetings. These laymen and laywomen asked the tradi- tional questions about devotion to Mary, mixed marriage and the promises, birth control. One woman handed in a sharply derisive question about the Assumption but I was informed late that she was an atheist. Otherwise, my reeeptionqF was warm and genial--especially on the part of the Protestant ministers. In addition, I formed a close friendship with another lecturer, Dr. Thomas Crosby, pastor of Central Union Church in Honolulu, Hawaii. CHAUTAUQUA is a good example of the radical change that is going onin American life generally. Protestants had it all to themselves' for many years but now, under the impact o  pluralism, the picture i.,'s changing. The Institute is sharing its cultural and other riches with non- Protestants. Roman Catholics are only a trielde in the vast stream of people who take the courses and listen to the lectures but they am beginning to increase in numbers. Two of my Catholic friends have been going to Chautauqua for the music concerts and courses. A NUN is picturesquely visible in the class- rooms. Sister Mary Martha, O.L.V.M., of Vi,:.Ah " tory Nell, is taking courses in creative writing / and other fields. She meets with nothing but the most cordial treatment though she is sometimes the center of curious attention. A woman asked her if she were "a real nun," thinking she might be an actress from the oper a that was in rehearsal. MASS is offered on Sunday at the movie theatre for the Catholics. YES, Chautauqua is changing but I think wider fellowship will strengthen and enrich thisl qp'' grand old American institution. Room at The Top ASHINGTON -- Women are not replacing men in top jobs in the United States, not rapidly at any rate. This is brought out in a study by a government agency, which advises that college women and their counselors give more attention to planning careers. Women now "take jobs" rather than "make careers," because they "expect or hope" their attachment to the labor market will be "inter. mittent," says the U. S. Bureau of Labor Sta- tistics. But, in contrast to the "old days," women's "attachment to the labor force" is now high; 8 m every 10 girls between 20 and 30 years of age work at one time or another. And, the pro- portion of college women in the labor force "is much higher" than for women with less edu- cation. The percentage of all women with a col. lege degree who were employed rose from 50 per cent to 70 per cent in 10 Years. The Commission on the Status of Women ap- pointed by President Kennedy drew attention to the availability of room at the top for women. that is, in jobs paying $10,000 a year or over. But the Bureau of Labor Statistics says how much room at the top is going to be available to women may well depend upon how much thought women give to planning careers and estimating the competition they face in the la- bor market. "Despite the publicity given the growing acceptance of women in the occupations once reserved exclusively for men, the number of women in these eccupations is still small and not increasing significantly," the study re- veals. Engineers, accountants, natural scien- tists and pharmacists are listed among these oceupations. Women predominate in several large pro- fessional fields, such as teaching, nursing, _If- work and social work. These four oecu__. brary pattens account for nearly 70 per cent of all 'v ..... women in professional and technical occupations today. Incidentally, the need for personnel in the occupations is expanding and replacement requirements are substantial "because of the size of the occupations and because turnover is high among women (far exceeding that among men)." Manpower requirements in other occupational. in which college women are employed will be) growing rapidly between now and 1975, it is "v stated. If college women were to maintain the same proportion relative to men that they now hold in each professional and managerial occu- pation, "the supply-demand situation in these fields would augur well for women." "The outlook, however, is not as rosy am this would suggest," the study continues. "How college women actually fare will de- pend on their career planning, the attitude of. @) employers toward hiring women, and the om. " petition for available jobs from the large num- ber of college trained men." It is expected that 7 million men with col. lege degrees will be in the labor force in 1975-- over 2 million more than in 1962. "In the years ahead, many of these men may be competing for jobs in occupations in which women have long predominated," it is observed. Between 1950 and 1960, the proportion of men high schooli " teachers increased from 43 per cent to 50 per' cent; the proportion of men social workers from 31 per cent to 37 per cent; men in library work from 11 per cent to 14 per cent, and men teach- ers in grade schools from 9 per cent to 14' per cent. On the other hand, women are primarily em- ployed in the traditional women's occupations. 0 ,,