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Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 7, 1903     Catholic Northwest Progress
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tl THE CATHOLIC PROGRESS. .ko,o,o,o,o,o,o,o*o*o,e.o*o *o*o*o*o*o.o,o.o.o,o,o,o,o * A ,- l)t v e rort,.th *. I  | lame NT nlllltt v,-i*,.,,,.v * dL  MqldAIALM v]. JIll qk411 War Story " At Chattanoogt00 ; 4t AtluJt 16-21, . i 1863 oooooooooooo oooooooooooo lpyrlgt, 103, by G. L. E:llrner.] TRATEGY doesn't destroy ar- mies. That must be done by fighting. But strategy often se- lects the battlefield and indirect- ly wins a victory. The fierce combat of Cblckamauga was set down to happen in the book of fate by a campaign of mtrategy which ended at Tullahoma. renn., July 4, 1863. Tbe Confederate Army of the Tenne see had marched northward from Chat- tanooga in midsummer, 1862, under General Braxton Bragg to invade the rotate of Kentucky. After two fruitless battles, at Perryville, Ky., and Mur- freesboro, Tenn., midsummer, 1863, saw It filing back to Chattanooga, fol- lowed by its old enemy of Perryvtlle and Murfreesboro, tile Army of the CUmberland. The contest in the west between these two forces was a paral- l to that between the Army of North- ern Virginia and the Army of the Poto- mac in the east, a continuous duel for position. Defeated and turned back homeward In his march to Kentucky, Br clung to central Tennessee as a base for a new attempt to cross the Ohio and to protect Chattanooga, the Richmond of the west. It was no fault of Bragg that the spring and summer of 1863 passed without a battle to a finish In central Tennessee. He was ready to fight--to fight oil ground of his own choosing. Roseerans was a ready fighter, but he too, wanted to choose the battle grouml. Bragg lay behlnd fortified lines at Tul- lahoma, and Roseerans moved his guns and battalions around him and gave him no choice but to vacate the works i and fight in the open or retreat for tle third time within a year. Bragg retreated to Chattanooga, where he could place rivers and moun- tains between his army and the foe. The Sequatchle rh, er, the Cumberland: mountains and the Tennessee river were barrtors facing Roseerans when he broke camp on the Tullahoma line Aug. 16 to keep in touch with Bragg. Having opened the campaign with a brilliant stroke of strategy, the Federal commander decided to try it a second time even at the risk of belug detected in repeating himself. Bragg began to fortify Chattanooga against attack by building earthworks on Mission ridge, behlud the city. He also sent his cavalry late the moun- tain passes to head off Rosecrans and fortified the crossings of the Tennessee above and below Cllattanooga. Na- ture had don0 much to make the roads from Tullahoma to CImttauooga im- possible for an army with active foes in front. It was only necessary for Bragg to fill up the gaps and Chatta- nooga was safe. "The Tennessee will be taken as out" line," sald Bragg. Rosecrans waited over a mouth for ature to do a good turn for the at- tacking army. The corn would ripen about the middle of August, and as the region was generally sterile and the mountain roads of the roughest it would be a boon to the troops to find sustenance by the wayside. Bragg took it for granted that his enemy would come down upon him through the Sequatchle valley, a rich and broad bighway. Ite concentrated 11 his strength to defend that route, an Rosecrans encouraged the policy of hls antagonist by sending an army corps through the valley to make a feint of attack on Chattanooga from the north. On Aug. 20 Bragg saw the Federals filing through the passes of the Cum- berland mountain toward Chattanooga nd prepared to fight. Next day scouts orougbt word that the Federals hal -crossed the Tennessee river on the real' f his army and were moving south toward his line of railroad communica- tions with the interior' of the Confed- eracy. Tls last bit of news was confirmed by the sound of cannon shot at Clmt- tanooga. General J. T. Wildcr's F('d,:,ral cavalry had galloped up to the bank of the Tennessee opposite the town and began tossing shells into the streets. It was fast day, and the elmrches were filled with worshipers. One noted pastor had Just opened prayer when the first shell whistled past the win- dows. He continued the Invocation calmly to the end, but on op( .,ing his eyes found that he had few listeners. The troops in the place retired to the fortified hills, and for hours Chattanoo- ga was helpless under the guns of the enemy. Again Bragg had been outgeneraled. The enemy was In his rear and Chatta- nooga In danger. This was the first time a gun had been fired at the great Confederate depot of the west. Federal armies had more than once turned their beads toward that point, but never he- fore came to a collision with its de- fenders. Chattanooga was the gate- way of the rich region between the Mississippi and the Atlantic bordering pon the gulf. It was nountaln locked and at a glance seemed beyond con- quest. Had it been wrested from the Confederates In 1862 after the fall of Donelson and the battle of Shiloh tim life of the Confederacy would have been cut short a year and Vicksburg would never have figured In the great contest. Chattanooga stood guard over the railways which banded the whole southern tier of Confederate states to- gether, welding Texas, Louisiana, Mis- sissippi. Alabama and Georgia to the Carolinas. Vicksburg had been able to hold out solely because Chattanooga was behind it. With Vicksburg taken. Chattanooga was the next bulwark in the chain of eeuthern defenses to be re- aueed if the Federals were to control the west. Rosecrans counted upon help from Grant's army, which had con- quered Vicksburg. But Grant had oth- er plans Itosecrans' march upon Chattanooga from the west left one weak point in the campaign plan. The upper Tennes- see valley from Chattanooga north- ward to Knoxville, guarded on the west by the Cumberland mountains, was still open to the Confederates. This valley connected Chattanooga with Virginia and Bragg's army with the army of Robert E. Lee. Moreover it gave Bragg an open road to Ken- tucky if he chose to offset Rosecrans' march southward by a second invasion across the Ohio. Bragg had maintain- ed a strong division at Knoxville under Buckner to keep the road open. Army movements are sometimes, though not often, surrounded with mys- tery which completely baffles the keen- est leaderof the opposition. Bragg knew he was fated to be attacked at Chatta- nooga or In that vicinity by Rosecrans. He knew he might bc attacked also by Grant with the Vicksburg army, either in conjunction with Rosecrans or inde- pendent of him. These threatening at- tacks must come from the west. While watching them the last days in August a new and wholly unlooked for foe took the field in east Tennessee, head- ing for Knoxville. The new foe was a new Federal army under General Burnside. Had Burnslde's march been revealed to Bragg a few days earlier he might have ignored Rosecrans toiling through the mountains and sent help to Buck- net to hold Knoxville, for the posses- sion of that point gave the Confeder- ates railroad connection between Chat. tanooga and Virginia direct. The news from Knoxville, however, did not reach Chattanooga until Rosecrans had cross- ed tile Tennessee river into Georgia and was heading for Dalton, on the railroad in rear of Chattanooga. Bragg was not to be allowed to fight for Chat- tanooga from behind the defenses he had built with great care, but must march out and fight in the open, and that not merely to save Chattanooga, but to save lds army from ruin. Should Rosecrans plant his army in the passes of the mountains of north Georgia be- hind Bragg the Confederate would bc in a trap. IIe couldn't feed his army with Tennessee closed to him and Georgia cut off. He couldn't retreat, for mountains hedged him about-- mountains and Federal armie% A little more activity ou the part of General Meade, who was confronting Lee In Virginia, and Bragg's army would have been smashed by Rose- crans in the passes of north Georgia or It would have bee)) cooped Ill) bi Chat- tanooga. Help was to come to Bragg lu lhe crisis Roseerans was weaving FEDEnAL nATTEltlES SHELLING CHATI'A- NOOG&. about him from faroff Virginia and that not by the short cut through east Tennessee via Knoxville--for Burnslde had closed that route--but the round- about course of the Carolinas. Still another combination for the d- strnctlon of Bragg and Chattanooga was figured out on paper while Rose- erans was toiling through the moun- tains the last weeks in August. Grant proposed to take his Vicksburg army south, reduce Mobile and then march north into the interior of Georgia be, hind Bragg, cutting the Confederacy In two the second time. This plan was overruled in Washington. Had it been begun, even not to say earned thugil, Cldekamauga would never have been fought. In the event of Grant's at- tacking Mobile Bosecrans would have been given the task of threatening Chattanooga to keep Bragg busy, an- other case of one army holding the head of the enemy while another skl>, his legs. Left to his own devlces, Rosecran pounded Chattanooga wltfi' shells and passed hls army around It to the rear, compelling Bragg to follow and leave Chattanooga empty. Burnside was too fur away to march In, and Grant's ar- m, was temporarily broken up. GEORGE L. KILMER. The Bee00uty of, } Ashcroft... } By MARTHA M'CULLOCH- WILLIAMS q* Copyright, 1902, by T. C. McCluro * Ensley was In the middle of presenta- tion commonplaces when Bernice inter- rupted with, "Do you care to earn my everlasting gratitudeT' "Certainly. Only tell me bow," he said lamely, taken all aback. She smiled at him, a faint, odd smile, more of eyes than month, as she an- swered, wlth ihe lewposslble shrug: "Say that you have heard of the beau- ty of Ashcroft and are captive In ad- vance. Everybody says that in course of an hour, and when things become chronic I like to get them over with." "Who Is the beauty of Ashcroft?" Ensley asked, with eyes of wide inno- cence, yet a suppressed inclination to chuckle. Bernice shrugged again. "You do It very well," she said--"much bet- ter than common. Still I know you know." "Prove it," lie said, st'Ill trying hard to look puzzled. She laughed and asked demurely, "Is not this Ashcroft village?" "No," he said promptly. "That Is where you are wrong--where all the "I SHAIh SERVE iT MANFULLY,",*NSLEY SAID. good people ave wroilg. They tdd me It was Ashcroft, and, behold, I have found out better within the first hour." "You are giving yourself room to say It is fairyland instead and that you have found the fairy queen," Bernice said solemnly. "That sounds new and original, no doubt, to you, but really two other men have said It, since--well, since I've been the beauty." "Oil, so It Is youl A thousand par- dons. I'ray forgive my density," Ens- lcy Implored. Bernice gave him a long look, then said, "l wonder if you have the courage for a great experhnent." "I an) a rank coward every way, but ready to dare all a coward may," Ens- ley said, pressing the hand he still held softly between both palms. Bernice made to draw It away, but he kept it fast. They were In the bay window niche, well sheltered from curious glances. "You were made to be loved. That goes without saying," he whls- pcred; "also to be made love to. Tell me, though, did any of the others ever take fire quite so suddenly"-- "Suddenly!" Bernice's tone and look were withering. "Dear reel You ask that after wasting five 10ng minutes before discharging the whole duty of mail '." Ensley flung back his head, laughing heartily. "Quarter! I cry quarter!" he said. "But If I must do penance for my misdeeds, please remember that even injustice needs a tempering of mercy." "Mercy would be wasted here," Ber- ulce said severely, though with twin- kling eyes. "Your sentence is to speak and behave sensibly toward me, no matter what I may do, the whole time you stay In Ashcroft." "I shall serve It manfully," Ensley said, smiling quizzically. "But there will come a day of reckoning, later, and I shall be in It." Ensley kept his word throughout the fortnight's visit, albeit Bernice did her best to make him break it. In spite of fairly haunting her, seeking her out morning, noon and night, he showed himself always and only a ,sprightly and entertaining comrade, taking chiv- alrous account of her womanhood, but none whatever of her youth and charm. It was wholly a new experience. Men had been prostrating themselves to worship her ever since she was in short frocks. The men had been very plenty. Her father, bluff and hearty Squire Elton, was the soul of hospital- ity no less than the great man of Ash- croft. His btg house, although It stood well outside the village, was the social center. Whoever had his good word and countenance was welcome any- where roundabout. Naturally Bernice, sole daughter and heiress to the Elton thousands, who had grown up motherless, was a trifle solled--notwlthstanding a fine young ereature, honester with herself than Is the wont of womankind. Therefore, even before Ensley went away she had begun to ask herself if It was wholly pleasant to have him sensible rather flaan foolishly adoring, iI-e had not been gone lwo days bcfore she lind an. wel'ed her own question with a decid- ed "No," and, furthcr, had made up her 'mind that when lie came again she wonhl not flout his lovemaking, no matter how earnest it miglit be. She could }ot of course adlnlt even to her linage lu lhe mirror how in)possible she found it to get hin out of mind, nor how long and dull the short wlnter days were now that he no longer claimed nnleh more than half of them. Somehow she had a fancy that he would surely come back for Christmas. Ilcr father, she kuew, lind pressed him, and she herself had smiled invitation, though sire had said nothing outright. But it took her all aback to have Peggy Glenu run lu and say: "Only think, Ber-: ry All of us wasted our sweetness on an eligaged man! Frank Ensley is a wretch of the first water! Brother Jack has a letter from him saying, 'I expect to be married early in the new year, so will gladly let Asheroft delights beguile my impathmce for the happy day.' Now, what do you think of that?" "Oh, that it is--characteristlc," Ber- nice said, the least possible break in her voice. Peggy stared hard. "Jack must be right after all," she said. "I was dead sure Ensley was courting you hard, but that brother of mine said all along you were only chums." "Jack is a good fellow and discrimi- nating," Bernice said, smiling, although she saw things through a mist and felt her pulses beat all over. Somehow she held herself steady until Peggy went off to spread the news. How she fought through the next hour only the soul of infinite compassion will ever know. The news came in mid-December. Ensley was to follow it. The day be- fore Christmas Bernice had herself well in hand. She loved him, faced the knowledge of it as became a thorough- bred and was resolved to break her heart, if it needs must break, with laughing llps. She would wish him Joy, clear eyed, clear Voiced. She would even affect to have discerned his estate of bondage and claim to have saved him from farce comedy perfidy. Not- wlthstandlng, twilight of the winter solstice found her very low and miser- able. The dlty had been lowering and sodden, full of gusty rains and shriek- ing cliin blasts. By way of offsetting the gloom Squire Ellen had heaped logs on the big andirons and lighted all the candles in the big silver sconces while it was still but murk outside. Then he had bustled off to seo after some of hls poor neighbors. Bernice was alone except for the servants, who had been there ever since she was born. She sat, wan and drooping, star- ing into the heart of the fire as Ensley came noiselessly through the door. "I will not offer a penny for your thoughts, l know exactly what they are," he said, stepping to her side, but not offering Ills hand. "You are con- ning the pretty speech you mean to make me. That is wrong. You should not felicitate me until you hear whom I am going to marry." "Is there more against her than hav- Ing accepted you ?" Bernice asked, with a flash ef her old spirit. IIe stooped and lmlf llfla'd her to her feet before answering. "She is 'that impossible she, tile sum of all perfections in a wo- man.' " "Indeed! How did you prevail? Was It the attraction of opposites?" Bernice I asked, trying to speak saucily, though her heart beat like a triphammer. "And, further, what's her name, and where's her home?" "IIer home" is--her," Ensley said, drawing her close to his breast. "As for her name, it iv the very sweetest in the world, but I believe she likes best to be called the beauty of Ashcroft." A Iteeord In Servanta, "My wife nnd I," said a Gm'mantown I man, "have been married a little over I five years. We have no children, there I are Just two ill the family and we have I use for bnt one servant, a girl to do general housework. One would nat- urally think that such a Job would be a sinecure for a girl at $4 a week, the wages my wife pays, and yet in those five years we have had no less than sixty-three separate and distinct girls. IIow do I know the exact number? Well, I keep a diary, and among other things I have Jotted down the numer- ous changes in servants. Some of them have stayed a day or two, the longest term of Service being Six mowths. Some have been discharged, some have gone out and failed to re- turn, some have l?ft because the work was too hard, some have married, one was arres:ted on a warrant sworn out by a former mistress whom she had robbed. It seems to me that sixty- three servants in five years is about the record, and yet I don't think we are hard people to get along with. If I didn't own my own home I'd give up housekeeping and board." -- Phildcl- phia Record. A Tempest In a TeApot, What war was caused by a clay tea- pot? For an answer to this question we must go, as might be supposed, to the land of plgtalls and porcelain. The story goes that a Chinese emperor In olden days gave as a mark of special favor a magnificent clay teapot of rare design to Lo Hung Chang, hls. favorite mandarin. This was laid up as a priceless pos- session among the treasures of Lo Hung or borne at his side by two at- tendants at all high public festivals and functions. A rival maudarin saw these signs of distinction with the green eyes of Jeal. ousy and hired a man to break the ob- noxious pot. The elumsy fellow was caught In the act and betrayed his master. War followed between the two mandarins and their respective follow- ers, which resulted in the overthrow and death of Lo Hung Chang and the reception of his rival Into royal favor in his place.--London Answers. _ The Two Ve, ugh00n.e [Origlnal.] It was just 9 o'eloek when I entered lay ollice. The clerks were busy at Lhelr various duties, while my type- writer was reading a morning paper, waiting for work. I was surprised to lee my desk open and a man sitting in my place. There was something fa- miliar in the clothes he wore, which were of the same pattern as a suit I ften wore. But what was my aston- ishment when he turned and--great heaven, there sat myselfl The first thought that darted through my brain was that I had received some physical shock which had bereft me of my mental equilibrium, but upon glancing at the clerks I saw they Were as m'uch astonished at my en- trance as I was at the appearance of the man at my desk, who appeared to be equally surprlsed. "Well, sir," I gasped. "Well, sir," echoed the man. "What are you doing at my desk'P' "Your desk?" "Yes, sir; my desk." "Who are you, str? Your appearance Ls remarkably like mine."  "I am John Vaughan, the proprietor of this office." "John VaughanT' "Yen, sir; John Vaughan. And who are you?" "1 am he whom you claim to be-- John Vaughan." I grasped at the back of a chair to steady myself, while a cold sweat stood on my brow. My double sat starlng at me, with something of the same evidences of terror in him that were tn me. Partially mastering my- self, I turned to the head bookkeeper and asked: "Who is this person,FrazerT ' Frazer stood with mouth and eyes wide open, staring first at me, then at the man at the desk, but answered never a word. "Who he is?" i repeated, addressing young Curtis. a clerk. "We supposed he was you, sir," he replied hesitathgly: . My double turned to the persons ad- dressed and repeated my questions verbatim. Had I gone daft? If so, how account for the astonishment of the employees ? "I-Iow long has he been here?" I asked. "He ame in ten minutes ago, slr," Curtis answered. "He was earlier than you usually are." "Where do you live?" I asked the pretender. "At 3943 Chestnut street." Again I clutched the back of the chair eonvnlsively. The man bad named my owu residence. "Sir," he said, rising, "If i had had a twin brother I would surely think you were he. As I have no brother I am inclined to think either that I have lost my senses or you are pretending to be me for a pnrl)ose." A pained expression passed over his face as though he had begun to doubt his own sanity. Then, turning to the gaping clerks, lie said: "Come. Decide between us, and do it quickly or we slmll both go mad. Am I John Vaughan or not?"- The clerks continued to gape. "Decide!" I said on the verge of frenzy. "Decide," repeated my other self, "and if I am not myself I will leave thts office and betake myself to a mad- house." At this point Miss Towne, the type- writer, arose and with far more pres- ence of mind than the others surveyed us both. Then, pointing to me, she said: "You are Mr. Vaughan." With a shriek, my double sprang past me, down a flight of stairs and out of the building. I fell into a chair in a dead faint. When I recovered, all the clerks were bending over me with anxious faces. "What does it all mean?" I asked. "Have I been dreaming something ter- rible or was the scene real?" "It was real," said the head book- keeper, "and the strangest experience I have ever had In my life." "Where is MIss TowneT' "Here." The circle opened and ! saw ber Standing before the safe, which I now for the first time noticed was open. "Who opened that safe?" I asked, astonished. "I, sir," said Frazer. "I opened it on your--I mean the other one's order." "How much money was there In lt?" asked Miss Towne of me. "Fifteen hundred dollars and over. Is it there?" "There's no money here that I can see." Someth'ing began to dawn on us all at the same moment. The safe had stood open all the time that I had been talking to my double, but I had been too disturbed to notice it. "Frazer," I said, "you've been vle- timlzed. We've all been victimized. But I gladly lose my money to kno. I'm in my right mind. Telephone the poller. Be quick[" My double was finally caught and most of the money recovered. He told a very Inter#stlng story Of how he had eoncelved and prepared for his plan. For a long while he had frequently been taken for me, on the street, in hotels, everywhere that people are met. Being one of the best confidence men known to the police, he determined to "do" me. He had learned all about me and procured a suit of the same pattern as one he had seen me wear. When all was ready he walked into my office ten minutes before my time, ordered the safe opened and helped himself. He was about to leae when I entered, and hc played a role he had thought of for such an emergency, and played It admirably. F.A. IITCHEL. x / Pacific Coast Steamship Company Owning and Operating a Full First el FIRST CLASS TEAbISPllP Between--- Alaska, Washington, Oregon, California, a ad Mexico. Bellingham Bay Route..Doubl Daily Scryicll ' Everett, Whatcom, Anacortcs and Falrhavea, ." STATE of WASHINGTON-- Leaves Daily except Saturday, 10 p. m. SEHOME L eaves Daily except Sunday, 8 a. m Full information relative to aalll rates, etc., may be obtained from an agent of the company, or Seattle Ticket Office, 113 James St. C. D. DUNNAN, Genl. Pass. Agent. 10 Market St., San Francisco. SHORT L!NI. n TO Spokane, St. Pa,n, [luluth, Minneap01is, Chicag0 AND POINTS EAST T00ai00s Daily Fast Time No. 2, "THE FLYER," leaves Seattlo daily, 8:30 a. m., only 2 nights to SL Paul, 3 to Chicago, 4 to New York. No. 4, "EASTERN EXPRESS," leav Seattle daily, 7:30 p. m. New Equipment Throughout, Day Coaches, Palace and Tourlat SleSp- ee, Dining and Buffet Smok. Ing Llbrary Cars. Dtrect Connection at St. Paul (Union Depot with all Lines East and South. For Tickets, Rates, Folders and Full Information, call on or address C. W. Meldrum A.B.C. Dennlaton C. P. & T.A. G.W.P.A. 61:2 FIRST AVENUE, SEATTLE, WASH Daily Stearner, F08 WHATCOM, ANACORTE$, FAIRfiAVEN and BLAINE Steamers UTOPIA and GEe. E. STARR leave Pier No. 2, Seattle at 8 p.m., retarning leave Whatore dally at 7:45p. m. LaGonner Trading & Transortation Go. Tel. Main 211 Pier No.2. 4m00nm (L ,00,tue, Reoently the Bishop of Southwork held a reoeption on the grounds of the Ursuline Convent, Dover, Engla'. The Mayor of Dover, als many prom- inent Protestants, ailed on the Bish- op in the afternoon. Several of the leading Oathit Journals of exioo are adooaring he prinoiples of Christian democaoy pre- limiuary to forming Christian De'o- oratio Leagnes, thus prevonting the growth of sooialism. f ,L,:  c' '