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Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 7, 1903     Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 7, 1903
 

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; /!// 0 A WEEKLY FAMI]Y NEWSPAPER. VOL. V. No. 32. HIS HOLINESS POPE PIUS X. ...... SKETCH OF THE LIFE POPE PIUS X. THE NEW POPE i8 NOTED FOR HIS LEARNING IN THE ECCLESI- ASTICAL DOCTRINES, IS A PATRON OF THE ARTS AND SCI- ENCES, IS MODEST AND ENERGETIC AND IS HONORED BY ALL FOR THE STRICT UPRIGHTNESS OF HIS LIFE. Pope Plus X. Has Always Divided His Time Between Good Works and StudymHe Was Ordained Priest in 1858; Consecrated Bish- op of Mantua in 1884; Created Cardinal in 1893; Elected Pope Aug. 4, 1903. ARDINAL GUISEPPE SARTO was born at Ries, province of Venice, June 2, 1835. He was created cardinal and patriarch of venice June 12, 1893. He is very learned in the ecclesiastical doctrines, is modest, energetic, a good administrator and organizer, a patron of the arts, and his seriousness always has been proverbial. Early in April Pope Leo, in a conversation with Father Perosi, the Italian composer, said, in speaking of Cardinal Sarto: "Hold him very dear, Perosi, as in the future he will be able to do much for you. We firmly believe he will be our successor." He has been known for many years as one of the greatest preachers in the church, and Cardinal Sarto belonged to the ecclesiastical congregation of bishops regulators, sacred rights, indulgences and sacred relics. He enjoyed great popularity in his diocese. He is honored by all for his purity, for the strict uprightness of his life and for his liberal ideas. He is a moderate and agree- able man, highly cultured, very kind-heart'ed and still strong and robust, in spite of his sixty-eight years. He has never taken part in the political and public life of the church, but divided .his time between good works and study. Although most faithful to the holy see, he was presented t'o the king and queen of Italy in Venice. He was considered among the more liberal members of the Italian episcopate and sacred college. It is stated that Leo XIII. sided with him on one occasion vchen Sarto disapproved Rampolla's policy. "Sarto," in Italian, means "tailor," and Plus X., when a young seminarist, being rather elegant in his priestly robes, his companions used t'o Joke, saying that he began his education at a seminary at Treviso and continued it at Padua, the seat of the famous university, one of the best not only in Italy, but in the world. Plus X. was only 23 when he was consecrated a priest at Castel France, the birthplace of the gre'at master, Giorgione, acting afterward for nine years as coadjutor to the parish priest at Tombolo, province of Padua, a small village of 2,950 people, who were the first to appreciate his virtues. His kindness was untiring. He sought to fill their wants, and never a murmur was heard when he was called dn the middle of a winter night to a death bed, which proved to be nothing of the kind. He gave freely of his very small means, until he often went without meals himself, but he kept many a poor family from starvation. In 1867 he was appointed parish priest at Salzano, which was considered an important promotion, being a village of 3,341 souls. Still, he was exceed- ingly carry to leave Tombolo, having become attached to the people. The 1)easants, when he left, made a most enthusiastic demonstration, crying: .... women whose children he had nursed, Viva Don Guiseppe, while many weDf copiously. He distinguished himself so much at Salzano that he was kept there only two years, which is remarkable in the career of an Italian parish priest. In 1875 he was elected chancellor of the bishopric of Treviso, then spiritual director of that seminary, Judge of the ecclesiastical tribunal and finally vicar general. Pope Leo, who had highly appreciated his cleverness, piety and modesty, appointed him in November, 1884, at' the" age of 49 years, bishop of Mantua, where .he was made a cardinal and appointed patriarch of Venice.' He there distinguished himself as a thorough reformer, suppressing all abuses, re- storing the dignity of the clergy and the earnestness of religion." To him is SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 7, 1903. i due the revival of a Gregorian chant in the beautiful churches overlooking tim lagoons, and to him is due the strict liturgic rules. From his appointment rose heated polemics between the holy see and {he Italian government The latter, as heir to the ancient privileges granted by the pope to the republic of Venice, maintained that it had the right to choose and appoint the patriarch. The government, however, after having long re- fused its exequater, eventually granted it to Sarto, who meanwhile succeeded in gaining general esteem, including that of the government officials. The Italian cabinet had no feeling against Sarto personally. In fact, he might quite well. have been their choice if the papacy had not wished him, I but it was a political question on which, however, they soon gave way. Sarto became the idol of the Venetlans. When his gondola went through the canals, the people rushed on the bridges and along the sides of the canals, kneeling and saluting, the women exclaiming: "God bless the patriarch." The new pope used to Eay that he did not like to go out of sight of the lions of St. Mark, which now he will never see again, if, as is almost sure, he follows the rule inaugurated by his two predecessors, never to leave the Vatican. In a few cases in which he came to Rome, on returning, when asked if he enjoyed the gorgeousness of the papal court and the magnificence of the functions, Sarto answered: "When I am there I feel like a fish out of water." He has very modest tastes, having retained almost the same habits as when he was a mere curate at Salpazo. He was severe, but just with his clergy. There is nothing he dislikes so much as publicity, detesting the praise and compliments of courtiers. Frankness is another of his principal qualities, although he is somewhat timid. As the Italians say, he has no harm on his tongue or pen. Even so, Plus X. otter wrote truths which were perhaps unpleasant. The relations of Sarto with the house of Savoy are well illustrated by what occurred two months ago, when the king oz Italy went to Venice to open the international art exhibition. King Victor Emmanuel gave orders that the patriarch be given precedence over all the local authorities, but Sarto, having arrived while the king was speaking t the prefect, who is the highest govern- ment official in the province, he refused to be announced and said he would not disturb his majesty. He remailaed in an ant'e chamber, affably conversing with the generals and admirals gathered there. ,h When the king learned of his presence he came to receive him on the reshold of the chamber and kept him in conversation, accompanying him afterward in a gondola, while all the soldiers and guards rendered Sarto milt- tary'honors. Naturally this does not mean that Sarto, once pope,, will funda- mentally change the policy that the church has adopted toward the Italian state, but certainly his personal feeling will be favorable to moderation. Advices from Rlese, the birthplace of Plus X. and a village of 4,000 inhabi- tants, state that the pope's mother, now dead, when living there occupied a small peasant's house, having in her humility always refused to live with her son Guiseppe, as even his modest establishment was considered by her to be too luxurious in comparison with what she was accustomed to. The elder brother of the{pope, Angelo, lives in the village of Dellegrazie, province of Mantua, being the postman of the district and receiving $80 a year for his duties. He adds to his income by keeping a shop in which he sells tobacco and pork. His two daughters are the belles of the village, beilg known for miles around as the handsome Sarto sisters. When Plus X. was bishop of Mantua his brother Angelo used often to go L ' tllerb'Y.0T reasons.connected lth "hls 1 *lm:vlce- Th other clerks would'ask him jokingly why his brother did not find him a better posftion. Angelo, with sturdy independence, answered that he preferred only to be what he could make himself. Still, following papal precedents, the tobacconist and postmal of Dellegrazie should become a royal count. RELIGIOUS CLOTHING AND PR'O- FESSION AT AQUINAS ACAD- EMY, TACOMA. The annual spiritual retreat of fen days was given by Rev. R. Smith, S. J., 'of Spokane, Wash., and closed on Tuesday morning, August 4th, the fes- tival of the great founder of the Dom- inican Order. At 10 a. m. the candidates for re- ception to the Religious Habit and the Sisters who were to take their final vows entered the sanctuary, where Right Reverend Bishop O'Dea, D. D., presided. After a beautiftll discourse by,the Rev. R. Smith, S. J., Solemn High Mass was celebrated. Rev. J. G. Cunningham, of Spokane; deacon, Rev. F. Demetrius, O. S. B.; sub-deacon, Rev. A. Fisher; master of ceremonies, Rev. A. Le Blanc; Rev. F. Dwyer and Rev. Fr. De Decker were assistants to the Right Reverend Bish- op. The ceremonies of reception to the Habit and Religious Profession followed. There is something st'rikingly beau- tiful in the thought that for seven hundred years these ceremonies have scarcely varied in the slightest de- tail. The same questions are an- swered, the white woolen robe replaces the bridal dress, the linen veil shades the face, the rosary as "a precious heritage" replaces all worldly gems. In a period so imitable, such stead- fastness is restful. The following young ladies received the Habit and enrolled under that ban- ner, whose ever-unfurled fold bears the one word Vcritas: Miss Margaret Loughnane, in religion, Sister M. Lucilla; Miss Margaret Hardy, Fox-: ford, Sister M. Angela; Miss Alphon- sine Morin,. Falrhaven, Wash., Sister M. Leona. After the reception two religious,: whose time of professed novices had elapsed, pronounced the solemn form- ula of ,the final vows. They were Sis- ' LEO XIII. (All rights reserved.) The Christian world is mourning; Sadness and grief today Come for the mighty spirit Who hath passed from earth away. Down through the longl long ages Each faithful soul hath won The victory, and Leo Hath well his duty done. Poet, statesman and hero, Priest of the law divine, Heavenly light to the nations, Guardian of virtue's shrine. In the great affairs of the nations The voice of Leo was heard, Teaching the truth of the ages, The principle of the Word. And the nations hear the message And nearer come to the Throne; In the love that is universal That Christ may be with his own. Peacefully as the sunset Enters the gates of the West, Passes the gentle spirit Unto eternal rest. Beauteous and holy angels, Rejoicing around the throne, Welcome their kindred spirit,- Welcome among his own. Peaceful amid the warfare, Tae earthly toiling and strife, Peaceful through endless ages The crown of eternal life. MICHAEL ANGELO McHALE. Newman's Urbanity. In an article urging greater courtes in controversy with non-Catholics the kve Maria speaks of Newman's never failing urbanity, even when he was most earnest, and says: "It was be- ter H. Hyacinth, McNamara, of Jersey cause Newman thought energetically City, N. J., and Sister M. Vincentia [ that he could afford to be temperate in expression, and it is because the vio- Quinn, of Seattle, Wash. In the in- I lent spoken and ill tempered have not creased sphere of Aquinas' usefulnessl power of thought that they use thel this band of devoted laborers is heart- hands and lungs so energetically. New- tly welcome, man's career was a great lesson in ur. Truly do such celebrations make of banity. His wards were a rebuke tu these who are given to mud slinging St. Dominic's Feast a day of holiest aml who only injure a good cause by memories, their offenslve championship of it. PRICE FIVE CENTta. CARDINAL SARTO CHOICE UNANIMOUS OF THE CONCLAVE. ON THE FOURTH DAY OF THE CONCLAVE THE CARDINALS CHOOSE Y A UNANIMOUS VOTE CARDINAL SARTO, THE PATRIARCH OF VENICE, AS THE SUCCESSOR OF THE LATE POPE LEO Xllh The Assumption of His Holy Office by'Pope Piss X. was Marked with Striking Demonstrations and Impressive Ceremonies He is Overcome With Emotion at the Announce- ment of the Result. HE conclave, after being in session for four days, on Tuesday elected V Guiseppe Sarto, patriarch of Venice, as pope to succeed Leo XIII., and Sarto now reigns at the Vatican and over the Catholic world as Plus X. All Rome is illuminated in his honor. His election and the assumption of his holy office were marked by a striking demonstration and impressive ceremonies at the Vatican. Wednesday, the now pope, clad in his full pontifical robes and with all the ritualistic cere- mony, received the members of the diplomatic corps, the cardinals and the bishops, who offered their official homage. The new pontiff is a man of simple origin, and although not a prominenl candidate, he has been frequently mentioned as one of the many cardlnats ho might be taken up as a compromise. In several respects he resembles his predecessor, notably in his reputation for culture and piety. Having been associated with no factions, this fact alone won him much favor from foreign cardinals, who were without a special candidate. Plus X. was humorously described as a "count'ry mouse who could not possibly find .his way about Rome." Venetians, who know the new pope well, say he will soon be as much loved as pontiff as he was yesterday as the patriarch of the poor of the Adriatic. In appearance Plus X. is a handsome man. He has a fine, erect figure, despite his 68 years, his face greatly resembling that of the late Phllips Brooks, of Boston. \\; When he pronounced his first benediction at St. Peter's his voice rang out with splendid resonance. In every way today he showed beyond a doubt that he had dignity and personality in keeping with the best traditions associated with the famous pontiffs who for centuries have ruled the Vatican. OVERCOME WILTH EMOTION When the result was announced in the conclave, Cardinal Sarto was so overcome with emotion and touched by the unlooked-for confidence reposed in him, that the could not longer control his feelings, and to the surprise of all he broke down, declaring that such responsibility and honor were not fSr him, and that he must refuse it, if elected. Tears rolled down his cheeks, and he seemed firm in his determiWctl4n to refuse the dignity. He was so palpably '=IncRre 'that}consternatlofi t.l;e$ in th eonolava, and the cardinale spent the whole evening and much Of the nlghtin convincing him that his election was the will of Providence, and that he must accept-. FIRST PAPkL BENEDICTION , Cardinal Sarto assumed the title of Plus X. The new pope appeared in St. Peter's, where, amidst the greatest excitement, he pronounced his first papal benediction. Many thousands witnessed the historic scene and signified their approval of the choice of the cardinals by tumultuous cheering. The usual large crowd assembled before St- Peter's at about 10:30 a. m. to await the rising of the smoke from the Sistlne chapel. Hundreds of car- riages stood in the blistering sun, which seemed hotter than ever. The colenades were blocked with peoplee, but there the anxious watchers could scarcely escape from the severe heat Whn quarter after eleven o'clock struck the crowd left its shelter and stood bravely in the sun in the belief that the smoke would appear within a few minutes, as if .had constantly given its signal at about this hour since the conclave commenced. Minutes passed on and still no smoke was seen. When the bells sounded half past eleven the ministers and others left their carriages and Joined the watchers on the steps of the basilica. Inside St. Peter's many also were wait- ing and the suspense brought thousands running from nearby streets, the delay on the fourth morning of the conclave being interpreted to mean that a decision had at length been reached. The troops spread themselves across the square and nervous anticipation possessed them all. Hundreds of sur- mises passed from mouth to mouth. Minutes seemed like hours. . : SHOW HIS ARMS ,. ....... .,r- St. Peter's boomed out the three-quarter of the hour and there was still no sign. A second later the great central window of St Peter's facing the piazza swung open slowly. A loud shout arose and all rushed madly towards the cathedral. At the open window half a dozen Vatican attendants appeared. Suddenly there broke out int'o the fierce sunlight a gorgeous banner, bearin] t cardinal's arms. Reinforcements of troops crossed the piazza at the double. They closed their ranks and held back many who stralnied every nerve to get close to the window. For a minute or more none knew to which cardinal belonged the arms so significantly displayed. Then the rumor arose that they were Sarto's, but few persons were absolutely sure of their identity. Five hundred troops lined up around the top of St. Peter's steps, thus dividing the great crowd which was increasing every moment into three sections. The tension was soon relieved. Cardinal Maechi, in iis cardinal robes, carrying a large red book and preceded by a great glittering cross, appeared at the window. A wild shout went up. Cardinal Macchi waved both hands for silence. In a second a solemn hush ell on the scene, broken only by a shar) word of command from an officer and the rattle wherewith the troops brought their rifles to present. In clear tones Cardinal Macchi read the preamble, the people below being scarcely able tb sustain themselves until fie reached the word "Sarto," when a terrific roar went up. Those out of hearing of the cardinars voice Joined in the acclamation, and the whol square became one mass of men and women. thrbwing hats in the air, shouting and cheering at the top of their voices. ....... INTERRUPTED BY CHEERS Vainly the cardinal waved his hand for silence. The long pent up feelings el' those who had watched the fumata for four days now found an outlet, and for some minutes they could not be suppressed. After some minutes they were quiet enough for Cardinal Macchi to proceed and say that the new pontiff had taken the name of Plus X. Then with a bissing on the crowd, the cardinal disappeared from the window, and the atcendants quickly drew up the banner. Those below made a rush to go into St. Peter's, and a mad scramble en- sued for the basilica. Thousands dashed towards the four huge doors, and i spite of their width a desperate jam occurred in which the women narrowly escaped injury. Like a roaring wave the people swept into St. Peter's. still cheering and waving hats. Within pandemonium reigned. Those already standing in a good position to see the gallery window, where Plus X. was momentarily expected to appear, were hurled back to t.he further ends of the nave by the irresistible impacts of those seeking entrance.