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Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
August 2, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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August 2, 1963

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00THE PROGRESS Frido00,, 00o00ost 2, ,963 Not Yet Deactivated God's World: Many Congratulations USO! Kinds Of Thieves with USO since 1942 and club director he formal blessin of Seattle's new USO facilities this Sunday will mark a milestone in Catholic service to this community. We say "Catholic" sere. ice because the USO here in Seattle is sponsored by a Catholic agency: National Catholic Community Service. The five other religious agencies which along with the NCCS comprise and sponsor United Service Organizations, Inc., are the YMCA, the YWCA, the Salvation Army, the Travelers Aid and the National Jew- ish Welfare Board. , The first USO-NCCS Club in Se- attle was opened and blessed on De- cember 7, 1941. At the very moment The Most Reverend Gerald Shaugh- nessy, S.M., was cutting the .ribbon for the blessing, bombs were being drop- ped on Pearl Harbor. It was at this event that the former Bishop of Se- attle learned the shocking news that signaled the beginning of the Second World IVar. From that historic moment to .the present day, the doors of USO have been kept open day and night for service men of every race, creed or color. Over the years, more than nine mil- lion members of the Armed Forces have found a home away from home by avail- ing themselves of Seattle's USO-NCCS facilities. This record speaks for itself. Only men and women possessed of a lot of love and an uncanny spirit of self- sacrifice could do so much good for so very many. Serving nine million service men in 21 years is indeed a feat of which our USO can be rightly proud. But when one stops to realize that the National Cath- olic Community Service is primarily an organization of volunteers, the work ac- complished is almost unbelievable. So vital is the volunteer service that without it there would be no USO-NCCS. The Progress in the name of the entire community wishes to congratu- late Mrs. Margaret M. Clegg, active since 1948, Miss Pauline Smith, staff assistant who has been with the club since 194I, Rev. John J. Murphy, O.M.L, club moderator and all those who have so faithfully served the Se- attle USO these past 21 years. In their own quiet and unobtrusive way these dedicated souls have lived a life of Christian charity which serves as an example of modern Catholic action for all. ut let us not forget that the work of the USO-NCCS in Seattle has not finished, it has rather just begun. Service to the military during this decisive cold war period is needed now more than ever. About three million young Americans, including over three quarters of a million Catholics are still in the uniform of our country. Most of these military are youngsters who for the first time in their lives are far away from home -- far from the re- straining and stabilizing influences of family, friends, school, parish church and familiar community. Unfortunately the morale of these young people does not have the benefit of the idealistic inspiration which military service during wartime often stimulates; civilians in general do not show the same friendly attitude they do during war- time, and organized as well as unor- ganized vice makes its wares tempting to these young persons. So it is imperative that the forces of morality and faith must not only make opportunities for proper leisure. time pursuits available,-but also make the alternatives to immorality more at. tractive than the deliberately planned temptations of evil. Why not drop in and inspect the new facilities this coming week? It would give you an opportunity to thank the staff personally for what they are doing for this community. Their new building could someday become your own boy's home away from home. The Hungry Bear he recent East-West test ban treaty peared in the July 29 issue of the New reminds us of the famous old York Times, Russia will have had it story about the hungry bear and the if the arms race is not stopped imme- hunter. It seems that one fine day a din'rely. The Times columnist cites the hunter happened upon a big bear wlJo recently issued Soviet report on the econ- immediately came charging in his direc- omy's performance during the first half tion. He raised his rifle and was about of 1963 to explain why Communism is to shoot when Mr. Bear did an amazing in real economic trouble. thing. He stopped, looked the hunter in Schwartz summarizes part of the re- the eye, and said: "Let's talk this over. port as follows: I'm sure we can come to a compromise "In the first half of this year, that will be suitable to both of us. All Soviet industrial production increased you want is a new fur coat. All I want at a slower pace than during any year is my supper." since IVorld IVar II. The volume of So the hunter, impressed with the new housing completed during this proposal, tossed aside his rifle and sat period was less than that of a year down to explore areas of agreement with ago. Soviet collective and state farms Mr. Bear. And sure enough, as it turned produced less milk during the last six out both got what they were looking for. months than they did in the period a The bear got his full meal and the year earlier, and on June 30 last they hunter his fur coat. There is just one had fewer hogs and poultry than they minor catch to the story. A few layers had had twelve months earlier. Soviet of bear meat did separate hunter and foreign trade grew by only two per coat. cent during the first half of 1963, When Mr. Khrushchev sat down to though it had grown by I3 per cent talk about a test ban treaty last week, he in the same period of 1962." was literally a very hungry bear. And Khrushchev is really on the spot. AvereU Harriman, who represented the In breaking with Peking, the Red Bear vested interests of this civilized nation, has exchanged the "bloody claw" for wanted nothing more than to set aside "the full tummy." his weapons and talk of peace. A s Schwartz points out in his con- But, Mr. Khrushchev wasn't just look- eluding paragraph: "If the Soviet /'k ing for supper. He Was most anx- leader's strategy is ever to succeed, he ious for a test ban treaty at this time, needs a long- range detente with the because according to his present strategy, United States and the opportunity for supper is not enough. If Communism is massive diversion of his resources from to gobble up Capitalism, people living rockets to tractors and from hydrogen behind the Iron Curtain need three bombs to artificial fertilizers." squares a day with all the trimmings. Whatever else the East-West test Khrushchev said as much in his major ban treaty means it certainly does mean speech to the Communist people last thismCommunism in the U.S.S.R. has a July 19. He declared that the real test new lease on life, and Khrushchev has of Socialism is the amount and quality been given another chance to prove that of the food, clothing and other amenities slave labor can outproduce the freedom- necessities provided the people living loving peoples of the West. under Socialist rule. Whether or not we laid aside our "If Socialism does not provide for weapons at the very time that Russia all this and does not give advantages was economically incapable of producing over Capitalism, we shall be idle bah- any more anyway only God knows. That blers and not revolutionaries," the big there is less danger now of being clawed bear declared bluntly, to death does seem certain and for this But the cold, hard fact is this: So- we are grateful. Now its up to our econ- cialism is failing miserably. According to omists to discover how to keep from an article by Harry Schwartz which ap- being eaten alive. 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle 98104 Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second.Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published every Friday by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BREb"NAHAN--Associate Editor I Quol:;00 System De]attmanizing By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. he national director of CORE, James Farm-  er, recently denied that CORE wanted a quota system in employment, that is, a set proportion of Negroes per con- struction job. There are, however, other Negro spokes- men who do seem to want it. Rev. Dr. Gardener Tay- lor, for in- stance, July 19 ann6unced a demonstra- tion to be held at the site of the state medi- cal center in Brooklyn b u t FR. SHEERIN suggested that the program might be altered if the demon. strators got official assurance that construction crews would be hired on a basis of 25 per cent Negroes. A Matter of Justice The quota system is no solu- tion to the problem of discrim- ination. What the Negro wants is equal opportunity with whites, not a special preference because of the percentage of Negroes in the population. It used to be said that there should be at least One Cath- olic on the Supreme Court be- cause of the number of Cath- olics in the population. That always seemed to me to be a thoroughly irrational way to attack the problem of discrim- ination against Catholics. It was of a piece with the Cath- olic and Jewish quota that were formerly applied in admit- ting studerts to certain private colleges. Justice is not a question of numbers. It is a matter of fair play, of rendering what is due to deserving persons and you do not be- come a deserving person sim- ply because you are a num- ber. The numbers game has be- come so ridiculous that some persons even claim that truth as well as justice is a matter of numbers. There is the old expression, "F o r t y million Frenchmen can't be wrong." The fact is that forty million Frenchmen and one hundred and eighty million Americans can be dead wrong. Truth and justice are not a matter of mathematics. I don't think the average Negro or Puerto Rican parent is looking for a quota system in the schools. They want their children to have high caliber teachers and proper facilities but they don't care a fig about quotas. That, however, is another problem. My concern here is with quotas in employment. There is undoubtedly discrim. ination against Negros in the building trades but the solu- tion is not a quota. A recent spot check by the U. S. De- partment of Labor showed that 2.2 per cent of the skilled work- ers on a Brooklyn building pro- ject were Negroes. The answer to this problem of imbalance between Negroes and whites seems to be that many skilled Negroes are not union members because some unions limit membership to the sons of existing members. This system of a self-perpetuat- ing clique should be scrutinized rather than ways and means to impose a quota. Recommendations As far as I have been able to glean from newspaper reports of the recent NAACP Conven- tion in Chicago, there was no serious consideration given to the idea of imposing a quota. The convention urged Negro union members to use their power more effectively within the unions, especially by elect- ing Negroes to top positions. It also made other reasonable recommendations such as the presentation of unfair labor practice charges before the National Labor Relations Board. But I do not believe that the convention was in favor of a quota system. Around New York City, we sometimes hear that Negroes should have 15 per cent of the jobs because they number 15 per cent of the city's popula- tion. If this rule were to be applied consistently, t h e n it should apply along natibnal and religious lines as well as racial. I am quite sure that there are more Italians in the barb- ering trade, more Irish in the police, more Jews in the gar- ment industry than their pro- portion o I t h e population seems to warrant. Is the answer a quota that will put more Puerto Ricans in tM garment industry, more Greeks in the barber shops, more Jews on the police force? The quota 'system is de- humanizing. It m a k e s the Negro a number rather than a person, To assure him social justice, we must treat him as a person and recognize all the rights that arise from his dig- nity as a human person. J ::,-i ,a .r" '' r I It's Been Fun By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore NE gets tired of trying to classify so-called "liberals." This species of anthropoid simply is uninteresting. I'd rather look at slugs or star-fish which, at least, have their place in Limnaean classifications. There are "liberals" who are really Communists. (These we respect.) There are liberals who are thrilled to think they are crypto-Communists. (These the Commies despise, while using them all the way, of course.) There are liberals who attend teas for birth-control or civil liberties or desegregation or do-good-to-everybody-all-over. These we somehow both pitifully admire but also pity outright. Since our space is restricted, we're quite happy to admit that there are conservatives to match (almost) each one of these pseudo-cate- gories we have devised, in all good humor. But, bored with the whole pursuit and the terribly dull letters we receive from abecadari. ans, we have turned to an entirely different field. Years ago we had started bird-watching, till we found, to our dismay, that the birds were watching us! This could have resulted in a nervous complex or something, according to the Minnesota Multiphase. But spurred by a col- league, we resumed the business. We have, to date, proudly decried a double-breasted poop- noddy (rare at over the 30-degree latitude), a slashed redwing heresiarch, and one poor soul- sick mallard who can't figure out why Ermin- trude left the nest. The latter we referred to "Dear Abbey," or was it "Dear Ann Landers." Still it's been fun. By REV. LEO J. TRESE USTICE is the virtue by which we render to every person that to which he has a right. Conversely, injustice is the vice by which we deprive a person, against his reasonable will, of that to which he has a right. Justice is one of the four cardinal virtues--- one of those four "hinge" vir- tues upon which all other moral virtues depend. Textbooks of moral theol- ogy, which are studied by candidates for the priesthood, give far more space to the consideration of "Justice and Rights" than to the treatment of any other virtue. This is not surprising, since no other virtue gives rise to as many questions as does the virtue of justice. "Is the theft of $25 a mortal sin or a venial sin? .... Am I obliged to restitution if I have knowingly accepted a stolen article? .... Is it a sin to cheat on my income tax? .... What must I do it if a store makes a mis- take in my favor on my bill?" These and a thousand similar questions resolve about the virtue of justice. Such questions can best be left to one's con- fessor. It is not our purpose to discuss them here. Won't Dwell On Racism Neither shall we dwell here on that aspect of justice which so plagues our contemporary scene: racial justice. The moral evil of denying a person his economic, educational or social rights because of his color, is undeniable. Just as undeniable is the fact that few of us are without blame in this area. North, south, east and west, most of us have sinned either by active discrimination or by passive acquiescence. However, there already is enough being said and written on this subject to stir the con- science of anyone whose con- science still is functioning. It is not my present purpose to add to that body of admoni- tion. I should prefer for the moment to direct attention to the practice of justice in a more limited arena. Physical belongings are not a person's most precious pos- sessions. There may be ab- normal individuals who con- sider money to be the highest good. Most of us will agree, however, that happiness is far preferable to wealth. Happi. ness is a compound of many things -- a feeling of self- worth, a confidence that one is loved by some and re- spocted by many, content. ment with one's lot, peace of mind--these are a few of the ingredients. Now here is an oddity of human behavior. We readily admit that we gladly would ex- change our worldly possessions, if faced with such an alterna- tive, in order to obtain" or pre- serve our happiness. (Many, in fact, do just that by embracing voluntary poverty). Yet, we who would not dream of steal- ing so much as a dime from anyone, will disturb or destroy the happiness of others with scracely a twinge of con- science. There are many ways in which we can rob others of happiness and thereby sin against justice. Gossip is one very common thief of happi- ness. If, by gossip, we whittle down a person's reputation and diminish the respect in which he is held we sin against justice as well as against charity. If by sly digs and insinu- ations, we set neighbor against neighbor, we are as much a bandit as a man with a gun. If we go into a sulk at home and cast a spirit of gloom and unease over the family, we are Unfinished Business o doubt, the United States is an affluent society, as Prof. Galbraith says. But it is well to remind ourselves that millions of Americans live on the fringes of this society, or even outside it. Their immedi- ate goal in life is not the acqui- sition of luxuries but the age- old struggle for necessities--for food, clothing and decent lodg- ing. The poor we shall always have with us, to serve and to cherish, but there are many more of them in the United States than there need be or should be. Despite all our progress, the elimination of poverty remains unfinished American business. (Rev. Benjamin Masse, S.J.) : i!ii::i FATHER TRESE filching happiness from our own flesh and blood. Defraud People There are many other ways, too, in which we may defraud people of their happiness. Harsh and unfriendly criticism, ridi- cule, snubs, sharp answers to well-meant questions: all there are, in varying degrees, as. saults upon the happiness of family, acquaintances or fellow workers. Mindful of the infinite com- passion of our Lord Jesus to- wards all who suffer, we have reason to be concerned if we have been an unjust aggressor against the right to happiness of any other person. The thief of money will have an easier time of it, in judgment, than the thief of happiness. We shall do well to pray that no one every may weep upon his pillow or clench his fists in mental pain because of any act or word of ours. Temptation To Believe NE of the most fas-. cinating characters in Sienkiewicz's "Quo Vadis" is Chilo Chilo- hides, who achieves the extremes of depravity and of nobility. He exemplifies the wise admonition that in our heights of triumph we must never be boastful, but in our depth of degradation we must never despair. Chilo was a cynic who for gain and advancement, while pretending to be a Christian, spied upon Christians and be- trayed them for Roman gold. By oily subservience and vici- ous conniving he even insinu- ated himself into the good graces of Nero, whom he aided in his ruthless harassment of the Christians. But somehow Chilo had within him a hidden and secret capacity for nobility and for courage, as indeed, which man has not? One day he was brought face to face with the tortured and dying. physician, Glaucus, whom be had betrayed. At sight of him, Chilo twisted into a lump like a wounded snake, and from his mouth came a cry more like cawing than a human voice. "Glaucus, in Christ's name, forgive me." Thereafter Chilo became a different man. To the amaze- ment of the people watching the Christians being put to death, he cried out to protest their innocence. Before he was apprehended by the Romans, he was en- abled to confess Christ and receive assurance of forgive- ness. When asked what one must do before death, he was told, "Have faith and bear witness to the truth." Later under torture he re. fused to retract his profession of faith and his tongue was torn out. Thus does Sienkiewicz so realistically portray, that even to the vicious there remains the allurement of virtue; to the sin- ners, the attraction of grace; to the doubter, if you will, the temptation to believe. Calendar SUNDAY, AUGUST 4, NINTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST, M A S S : Ecce Deus--Behold God (Green). Gl., Cr. Pref. of Trin. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, AUGUST S, OUR LADY OF THE SNOWS, MASS: Salve -- Hail, Holy Mother (White). GI., no Cr., Pref. of B.V.M. TUESDAY, AUGUST $, TRANSFIGURATION OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST, MASS: Illuxerunt -- Thy lightnings (White). Gl., 2nd Pr. of H. Martyrs, Cr., Com. Pref. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 7, ST. CAJETAN, CONFESSOR, MASS: Os just.i--The mouth of the just (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Donatus. THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, ST. JOHN MARY VIANNEY, CON- FESSOR, MASS: Os justi--The mouth of the just (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of H. Martyrs. FRIDAY, AUGUST 9, VIGIL OF ST. LAWRENCE, MASS: DispersitHe hath distributed (Violet). No GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Roman. Abstinence. SATURDAY, AUGUST 10, ST. LAWRENCE, DEACON, MARTYR, MASS: Confessio-- Praise and beauty (Red). GI., Com. Pref. e 1