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July 27, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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July 27, 1962

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4---TH E PROGRESS I I I I Fridey, duly 27, ,1962 Too Many Babies? HE JULY 23 issue Of Newsweek car- ried an article entitled: Too Many Babies? The report began with a full page cartoon depicting a world atla s to- tally covered with a seething mass of human life. Men were standing on each other's shoulders, some were falling off the earth into space, others were clinging: on by ropes, millions perished and those who remained had but one thought: sur- vival. The text began with this shattering statement: "About three per second... two million a week . .. the flood is im- poverishing much of the world, wiping out Western-aid gains, and some call it a worse threat than war." With the read- er's mind. now thoroughly conditioned to accept the thesis that the present increase of human life is an evil monster that must be destroyed at any cost, the article goes on to present a 'scientifiC, "objective" report on "the sheer growth of humanity", i and to make a subtle but undeniable case for the "scientific" solution known as birth control. Those who lament what is called "population explosion," who dwell constantly upon the evils of over,popu- lation and rant in the name of sctence about the glories o[ birth :preiJention are, in our opinion, unworthy.of guid- ing the populous and ill-prepared to. wield the tools of "modern science. They are. unworthy of guiding the populous because they have lost, in spite of protestations to the contrary, sight of the true dignity and purpose '. o[ people. not support 100 billion people today; true, also, because of greed and avarice, laziness, ignorance, mismanagement, phy, sical catastrophe and a hundred other causes, it is difficult to support portions of the some three billion peoples who now inhabit the globe. But if we really value immortal souls we will rise to the challenge of what is possible; we will not become defeated by what is only difficult. Take as a parallel example the space race. Talk about something that is diffi- cult and seemingly-impossible  what about landing a hum. an being on the moon? Yet science tells us it is possible, leaders of the cold, war tell us it is neces- sary, and while many think it is crazy the American people roll up their sleeves (last year to the tune of 16 billion dol- lars) in order to prove a point. If we do manage to get somebody up there and back by 1970 it will have cost us in the neighborhood of 128 billion dollars to do so. This is a conservative estimate. But you don't hear NASA's leaders writing discouraging reports about all the dangers involved in space travel with a concluding plea to forget the whole project for it is too difficult. On the con- trary, these men of vision see conquering space as a great and exciting challenge, and we admire and applaud the courage and daring our astronaut heroes display. But when it comes to the chal- lenge of feeding and housing three billion human beings on a planet cap- able of feeding and housing 100 bil- lion, what do the so.Called men of We Can't Take God told Adam and Eve to increase and multiply, to fill the earth. God wants as many souls as possible to know and love Him here and in eternity. The great- est challenge to men of science is to use technological developments with ingeni- ous skill and wisdom so that as many people as possibly can, in compliance with the Divine Will inhabit this earth. Since advocates of birth prevention seek to use science not to help increase .human life but to destroy it, we are forced to con- clude that these men are,indeed ill-pre, pared to wield the tools of science. Amid frightening statistics on the world's starving, amid prophetic utter- ances of scientific birth planner Julian Huxley, amid reports on birth control projects in heavily populated India and Japan, two little paragraphs which should have begun the article and set the tone of the discussion somehow got themselves buried in obscurity. We quote in part: "Worldwide, it is estimated that Only one-fourth of the arable land ir actually cultivated  and only seven: per cent in Latin America. And on what land there is, the Japanese harvest seven times as much food per acre as the Indians, largely by intensive fertili. zation. Then there is the sea  its waters can be desalinated, its .plants harvested. "Industrially, too, the world can fulfill the needs of billions. The old scare stories about vanishing coal sup- plies have themselves vanished, for the potentials of atomic and solar power are almost limitless. And there are still largely untouched treasures of iron in India, manganese in Brazil, tin under the Sahara. Dr. James Bonner of Caltech esti- mates that the world can support 50 bib lion people--17 times its present popu- lation--while another Caltech scientist, Harrison Brown, says he "can even visu- alize the means for supporting 100 bil- lion." Imagine, the world could possibly support 100 billion souls and there are those who now propose in the name of scientific evolutionary progress preven- tion of human life. True, tlae world could :rife science in this area tell us." that it is ,oobigajob, tbattberearetoo many A New Form of difficulties, that we had better retreat nd start preventing-the growth of human life. : " " By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. It took a sputnik to get America "Sectarian ' strife" is a agitating for complete isolation awakened to the fact that:we were begin- term often used m of religion from American pub- blic life. When certain Jewish ning to lag behind in the world of space legal d i s c u s s i o n s of Rabbis in New York City, for research. We are today way behind the Church- State relations, instance, endorsed the decision, Russians in exploring the possibilities of The rivalry of religious I was astounded by the and- Semitism that kept creeping Population growth. The Newsweek re- sects in England and in the into .private dizcussions of their port unwittingly :reveals-this. For the early American colonies did stand.. only Positive statements tha t begin to be cause no end of trouble. "-: The New York Times corn- worthy of a human approach to popula- It was the most natural mented editorially on the de- tion growth were uttered by two atheistic thing in the world for a pres- cision and said that "nothing byterian to raise a great hue could be more divisive in this Communists, paradoxical as this may and cry when country than to mingle relig. sound, the g o v e r n- ion and government in the Nikita Khrushchev has said of meat o f V i r- snsitive setting of the public - ginia compel- seheals," Russia that 100 million more people . led him to pay Actually the prayer decision The "would not be enough." And Evegny K. Fedorov, secretary-general to the Soviet Academy of Sciences, "holds out the prospect of mankind settling on new planets withi n a generation." Where are the leaders of the free world, men and who are sup- posedly dedicated, to the .proposiiion that one human life is more precious than the entire universe? Where is free world leadership when it comes to fac- ing the challenge of increasing popu- a tax to sup- port the Epis- copal Church. We can under- stand therefore the Supreme to keep the Court's desire public schools Flt. 8HEERIN free of "sec- tarian strife." As Justice Frankfurter said in the McCollum case, "Design- ed to serve as perhaps the most powerful agency for Womoting cohesion among a' heterogen- lation? eous democratic people, the There are ple.n of. alarming de: public school must keep scrup- velopments withiri society every bit as. uldusty free from entangelment portentous as the first sputnik if only we had the insight to interpret them. Tuesday's newspapers carried a story about a young expectant mother who is threatening to have an abortion against state law because her child will probably be born deformed. This premeditated tak- ing of an innocent child's life by its own mother causes scarcely a lifted eyebrow in this community. A shocking example of how effectively those who propose scien- tific means of controlling population have demoralized western civilization. The time has come for each of us to ask ourselves if the reason we swallow the biased slant of birth controllers so read- ily is that we ourselves have lost sight of God's evaluation of human life and are therefore caught in the quagmire of their own self-condemning pessimism. Soviets And Telstar Longshoremen's and W a r e- housemen's U n i o n, and the Communist. party. Telstar .interferes with that presentation and c o m b a t s Peri0's charge that the econom- ic and political "bind" that has brought our "economy to a By Louis F. Budenz in international communica- tions and belies such accusa- tions against the United States as are represented in the Amer- ican Victor Perlo's contribu- tion to the June International Affairs. His representation of America as an incurably dis- eased nation, economically, with its being only a matter of time until "the world socialist he pursuit of history. is next to godliness in bringing us the calm outlook required to deal with today's whirligig world and its Soviet "enigma." From its study we learn that there have been many past ups and downs for men and nations. in the strife of sects." THE ANGRY, nation-wide re- sentment against the high Court's ban on a New York school prayer is a new form of strife. No decision in years has touched off such an explosion. As The National Observer (July 2) said: "Though much of the cdn- fused protest was directed at the Court, the response went beyond a blind search for a target of resentment." The target was the group of minority forces that have been has been a sadly divisive factor. The angry reaction of the Am- erican people is a fact that the Court, if it is realistic rather than doctrinaire, must take into consideration in future cases dealing with religion and gov- ernment. FOR SOME years now the Abnerlean people have been vaguely uneasy about the grad- ual erosion of religion in Ameri- can life. I mean the great maj- ority of responsible citizens, not the John Birchers with their silly tirades at the Supreme Court. The average American will not ilook Upon the prayer decision as simply a ban on State-composed prayers. As Professor Mark DeWolfe Howe of Harvard Law School said, the language of the deci- sion indicates that future Court rulings may. find Bible reading, Christmas pageants and similar observances in the public schools unconstitu- tional. THE ORDINARY American citizen sees the New York ban as a symptom of a radical change that is running through the whole structure of Amer- ican society. He is alarmed be- Step For Liturgical Week: cause he feels that this change is not a natural evolution but an innovation engineered by a small minority. The American Civil Liberties Union has an- nounced that it is planning a nation-wide drive against all religious practices in the public schools. If these minorities persist in their campaigns and if they are successful in the courts, I see trouble brewing on the horizon. The angry response to the prayer decision will be mild compared to the fury that will break loose if "un- der God" is taken from the Pledge of Allegiance and prayers from our houses of Congress. An aroused people will take strong measdres--let us hope By Rev. Paul P. Purta, S.S. Professor of Canon Law St. Thomas the Apostle Seminary, Kenmore OMBOLO is a small v i 11 a g e in northern Italy, not too far from Venice. The village priest was sick, and a newly ordained as- sistant was sent to help him. The young priest was Father Giuseppe Sarto. Father Sarto found what most.young priests find, the in- spiring phenomenon of people's unpretentious goodness wrap- ped in faith But it hurt the young priest to see these honest-to-Ged people come to church every Sunday and simply stand by as witnesses (distracted wit- nesses, at that) until a spirit- ed on- one- knee wave of the hand meant the last blessing and release. As a seminarian, Father Sarto had been the seminary choir director. He had come to know church music, and Greg- orian Chant, coming in new richness from the monks at Solesmes, became a passion for him. Why not have the people sing together at Mass? Why not have them take part, feel that they are in some way helping produce the total wor- ship reaching Heaven from Tombolo? Congregational singing was an immediate and popular suc- cess. It's no surprise to see Father Sarto, now pastor of Salzano, continuing the only program which makes sense to him: participation at Mass, especial- ly though zong. Nor is it hard to imagine how BISHOP Sarto of Mantua, in diocesan synod, and CARD- /NAL Sarto of Venice in a famous letter to his clergy told the same lesson. Probably his most effective statement of these ideas occurs in this capsuled form: "Our deepest wish is that the Christian spirit should once again flourish in every way and establish itself among the faithful; and to that end it is necessary first of all to provide for the san- ctity and dignity of the temple where the faithful meet together precisely in order to find that spirit at REV. PAUL PURTA, S.S. Chairman of Seminarians 1962 Liturgical Week by the authoritative jangle of familiar keys: Father sarto now signed the document, PIUS X. Besides elaborating criteria for the judging and use of good church music, Plus X is a modern papal sponsor of lit- urgical efforts also in his work to bring children to the altar table earlier and to invite all to Eucharistic f0od more often. To focus on the Eucharist was to call attention to the Lit- urgy, because there is no Euch- arist apart from Liturgy. Plus X was concerned for the setting of the liturgy, and he set about putting his own home in order first. ".. , On February 11, 1904, he ordered a pastoral visita- tion of all the churches and sanctuaries of Rome, so that with Christian worship freed of any anomalies, the Roman clergy and people might be 'restored in Christ'--a re- form, in other words, of the house of God and its occup- ants". "And the house of God had been invaded by anomalies: ugly papier-mache' statues, cheap commercialized or- namentation, superstitious tinsel: all signs of a decadent its primary and indispensable : feligiou stinient, not in- source, that is . .. the active frequently accompanied by a participation in the most holy lack of care and cleanliness. and sacred mysteries and in There was need to intensify the solemn and e o m m o n religious instruction, to a- they are within the law--to prayer of the Church." rouse in the popular mind a He wrote those words in a taste for fitting worship," guard what they consider their document dated November 22; "The zeal of -the Supreme just rights and the American 1903. They were words that. Pastor took necessary men- tradition ...... : IN HIS dissenting opinion, stand straight and strong -with sures." (From Pins X by Igino Justice Stewart stressed the_ their own intrinsic worth, but. Giordani, p. 90) they come to absolute attention Odr attention on Plus X does because they are accompanied not mean to say there was no effort in things liturgical be- fore his pontificate. Calendar wa, v, w. the 16th century who had last looked at these matters close- SUNDAY, JULY 29, SEV, ly, though his efforts and those ENTH SUNDAY AFTER between his time and Plus Xs PENTECOST, MASS: Omnes might be considered more rub- gentes -- Clap your hands (Green). GI., Cr., Pref. of Trin- rical than liturgical. (There is a connection, but idea that the majority opinion had incorrectly concerned it- self with the dead past, with the trials and tribulations of per- secuted religious people centur- ies ago, Stewart felt that the law should be relevant to 1962 and the strength of the present- day tradition of prayer in pub- lic schools. In view of the wide diver- sity of legal opinions as to the meaning of the First Amend- ment, the high Court should certainly pay great attention to a fact that is not dis- puted, the plain and simple truth that the majority of the American people in 1962 an- grily resented the prayer de- cision. The Court would do well to take judicial notice of the fact that it is out of line with the conscience of the people. standstill" is that "of the lagher, executive secretary of danger to private initiative and garrisonstateY " re genuine charitywherever Necessarily, p e r I n recom- the N a t i o n a I Conference of the state monopolizes. This is mends "East-West trade" as a Catholic Charities, warned us currently the trend. means to halt temporarily our recently that control of private "There is a definite trend," ity. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, JULY 36, COM- MEMORATION OF SS. AB- DON AND SENNEN, MAR. TYRS, MASS as on Sunday (Green). No Gl., 2nd Pr. of Ss. Abdon and Sennen, no Cr., Com. Pref. Or MASS: Intret-- Let the sighing (Red) G1. TUESDAY, JULY 31, ST. IGNATIUS, C O N F E S S O R, MASS: In herniae--At the name (White). G1. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST I, COMMEMORATION OF THE HOLY MACCABEES, MASS of 7th Sun. after Pent (Green). No GI., 2nd Pr. of Mace, Com. Pref. Or MASS: Clamaverunt --The just (Red), GI. THURSDAY, AUGUST 2, ST. ALPHONSUS LI GU OR I, there is a difference. A litur- gist may not feel particularly l strong one way or the other over the prescription .that he should genuflect before opening the tabernacle to distribute Holy Communion outside of Mass. That prescription is a rubric. But the liturgist may have violent reactions to even the implic:.t suggestion that it would be ideal to receive Com- munion, let's say, before Mass q . . consequently outside of Mass . , . because that would leave the whole Mass long in which to make a Thanksgiv- ing.) Among the modern Popes, Pius X has has clearly echoed His Master's "great desire to eat this Passover" with us. Dom Beauduin and the Bel- gians then the Germans, and BISHOP, CONFESSOR, Dec- the French, and finr'ly the TOR OF THE CHURCH, English-speaking .world have MASS: Spiritus Domini -- The answered in what is the Lit- spirit of the Lord (White). GI.. urgieal Movement. 2nd Pr. of St. Stephen. (Series to be continued.) F R I D A Y, AUGUST , FERIAL FRIDAY, MASS of' Case of Blind 7th Sun. after Pent. (Green). No GI., Com. Pref. First Fri.: Votive Mass of Sacred Heart permitted (White). Gl., Pref. of Sacred Heart. Abstinence. SATURDAY, AUGUST 4, ST. DOMINIC, CONFESSOR, Helping Blind LOS ANGELES (NC) -- The Catholic Guild for the Blind here has presented a $100. check to be used to aid the blind in the African missions. Mrs. Lola Roberts, guild MASS: Os justi--The mouth of president, presented the dona- the just (White). Gl. First tion to Msgr. Harold Lau- Sat.: Votive Mass of Immac. bacher at a' Communion breal  Heart permitted (White). GI., fast here. He will forward the Threat To Private (,narities By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, Sf. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore Monsignor Raymond J. Gal- rather, that there is a grave render all our interests in our fellow man and turn it all over to the government, this will leave us in an intolerable po- sition." One no longer has charity; one Upon this knowledge we can camp achieves economic sup- draw when we compare the in- remacy in all spheres" is much itial silence of . di,nirdshed by this triumph of t h e Commun-  *private enterprise as represent- i s t directive ed by the American Telephone organs on the  and Telegraph Company. launching o f His contention that only "the Telstar w i t h advocates of peace and disarm- the loud out- ament" (by which he means bursts recom- .:: those who stand with the Soviet mended to the ':*: State for unilateral disarma- *: ment) can place any optimistic comrades a-  gainst Amer- perspective before our country ica's explosion IR'i " is paled by this invention. What in t h iono- BUDENZ he is specifically saying is that sphere. T h i s everyone in America is wrong will give us some insight into except those he mentions favor- Soviet purposes at Genev.a and ably, including Cyrus Eaton, on Berlin. t h e Cleveland industrialist, Telstar is an agency o peace Harry Bridges' International unemployment problem, but he charities is being threatened said M o n s i g n o r Gallagher. contends that no remedy can -by the federal government. "The new regulations in the overcome "capitalist contradic- .Perhaps you have already seen . Department of Health, Educa- tions" and that the United his warning. So much the bet- tion and Welfare take religion ter but let us repeat it here - of .adnntinn. Th Natinnal doomed. May I reply. ; . out ....  .................... and ask you to take t qmte that Telstar has given forecasts i ' Association of Social Work is sermusly of Vast industrial expansion . " " /only interested fin professional into Space in which America is Personal Responsibility " Work, not voluntary agencies. even now Still leading. . Charity is always a personal .... As the x-supported field Such considerations call for respensbflty .... and can never grows, mere s a sense oz sur- e m tratwe functmn render The mage of democra the momentary Red silence and be an dmi "s .... : : ' also for the extent of the out- It cannot be supplanted by cy is being destroyed." cry against our nuclear tests. Gus Hall, Secretary of the Com- munist party here, denounced this test as "a criminal and lawless act." automatic taxation and com-' 'Intolerable Position' pulsion. Not that the state Speaking upon the same oc- does not have legitimate duties casmn Archbishop John F. along these lines. The point Dearden of Detroit stressed Monsignor Gallagher makes is, the same theme: "If :we sur- has instead, further and further c. of St. Dominic. Pref. of gift to Bishop Frederick Hall, interference in private life. It B.V.M. M.H.M., of Kisumu, Kenya. is easy for the bureau Which feeds your kids to take the -' " X" ..... ' //'' "/'_//. ' next step and tell you that you "vta/i"lL'-,:/...lf_--..'- are to have no more. Sociai k(___"--c.,.T=-   "efficiency" is really a ter- rible thing. We should know " this by now if we are ever to  --q-'*'- ]earn the lessons of Nazi Ger- many, where the state started 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8890 at first to care for the ill and Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle. Wash. the aged in the name of that same "efficiency" and finally by the same test eliminated them. This turned out to be far more :'efficient?. Published by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas .A. Connolly, D.D., J,C.D. REV. JAMES 'H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor