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Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
July 20, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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July 20, 1962

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Oregon Textbook Case Reaches. U.S. Supreme Court 1962 North American Liturgical Week. seatth i/ August 20-23 WASHINGTON, July 18 (NC) -- The U.S. Su- preme Court has been asked to revi,ew a decision that Catholic school pupils cannot take part in Ore- gon's program under which tax-paid textbooks are lent to children attending state-recognized "standard schools." In a petition filed July 12 with the nation's high court, three attorneys for Catholic parents argue that a November, 1961, deci.sion of the Oregon Supreme Court establishes "invidious religious discrimination" which violates the Federal constitution. The Oregon court, which upset a 2O-year-old textbook distri- bution program, held that the books were not an aid to the children using them, but to the school as a religious institution, even though it qualified as a standard school. The state textbook law provided free textbooks, selected by the public school authorities, to all children in standard ele- mentary schools or in grade seven and eight of standard secondary schools. Under the law, a standard school is one which meets certain requirements of the State Board of Education. One requirement, for example, is that all teachers hold a state teaching certificate. The Oregon high court held that despite recognition of a Catholic school as standard, it teaches religious precepts and thus the state constitution's ban on tax aid to religious institutions is violated. The court rested its decision on the Oregon constitution. It did not rule explicitly on the question of whether the textbook law violated the Federal constitution. The petition for review was filed here by F. Leo Smith and Randall B. Kester, both of Portland, and Eugene Gressman of Washington, D.C., all acting as attorneys for Catholic parents. The Supreme Court is in recess, but will return in October. The case began in Clackamas County, when three taxpayers sought to stop the local public school district from supplying textbooks to pupils at St. John the Apostle Elementary School in Oregon City. The petition to the Supreme Court contends that the Catholic school pupils were denied the textbooks solely because there was religious training in their school. "Religion and religious training have been made the sole basis for determining, from among pupils attending 'standard' elementary schools, who shall and who shall not receive and use the secular textbooks supplied by the respective School Districts. "The constitutionality of such a classification is thus raised in concrete and unmistakable form," the petition said. The Oregon court's decision, the petition said, "is a classifi- cation in patently religious terminology, utilized to /determine who shall receive the benefits of public welfare legislation. That type of classification is of the essence of the invidious discrimina- tion outlawed by the Equal Protection Clause." Vol. 65--No. 29 Official Newspaper for the Archdiocese of Seattle 4i Seattle, Wash., Friday, July 20, 1962 (Published every Friday) $4.00 per year--10c per copy FBI Chief Scores 'Apologetic' Attitude Toward Patriotism Move Junior GI Bills ....... iiii:/:i::iiii'ii!!il Ahead, Group Urges LOS ANGELES, July 16 (NC)--The Los Angeles ....... archdiocese's Committee on Education has called upon Catholic groups to ask Congress for action on. the so-called Junior GI Bills for Federal aid to educa- The five-member committee said that the U.S. Supreme Court's recent decision against official prayer in New York public schools, while not direct- ly related to Federal aid to education, "could likely be con- strued as indicative of the mind of the court." The committee, newly formed to report and evaluate activities affecting education, said the high court's decision has "possible consequences" which are "most disturbing and potentially destructive of order and harmony amongst the people, of established practices and of the conduct of good government under God." The committee said that "to meet the existing situation most effectively," appeals should be made to move the Junior GI Bills forward. The bills, several of which have been introduced in the House, but have not yet re- ceived any action, propose that a flat grant be given by the Federal government to parents who can spend it for the educa- tion of their children at the school of their choice. They are commonly known as Junior GI Bills because the distribution principle is based on that used in Federal education programs to benefit veterans of armed service. Mentioning specifically the bill introduced by Rep. James J. Delaney of New York, the committee said in a letter to the 100 organizations compris- ing the archdiocesan coordinat- ing committee: "The Delaney bill will ad- mit of no question of consti- tutionality. There will be no question of union or separa- tion of Church and State. Technical objections with re- gard to religion are absent from this measure." The committee urged that each member of the Catholic organizations to which it sent a letter write to Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., chairman of the House Education Com- mittee, and to their own con- gressman, asking action on the Junior GI Bills. tion. Headlines And Deadlines Pattern Of News Ever Same By George N. Kramer, Pi.D. Analyzing the news be- comes increasingly tedi- ous, like shoveling gravel, because the pattern continues to be ever the same. But that is the face of the news, and what can one do about It? President Kennedy called in the Soviet Ambassador, Anatoly F. Dobrynin, Tuesday and re- portedly told him that with. drawal of Western military forces from Berlin was a non- negotiable issue and warned him of the necessity of keeping the disagreement on Berlin un- der control That fs fine, but tt still Constitutes only a defensive declaration made many times before. Apparently the Soviets are not moved in the slight- est. President Kennedy likewise supposedly told the ambassa- dor that the U. S. very much desired an agreement to ban nuclear weapons tests and put an end to the arms race. Again, that is all to the good, but Secretary Rusk in six re- cent conferences with Dobrynin has made no progress on any issue; and after years of try- ing to negotiate peace with the Soviets we are driven to the conclusion that they do not want to agree to anything that is not of their invention. Consider, for example, the bhmt rejection Monday of the U.S. - British - French proposal for a four-power talk on Berlin in order to ease tensions over the wall dividing the city. In a note to the U. S., Khru- shchev registered "surprise" that the West would even con- sider such a prospect, and in the same note referred to the Soviet zone of Germany as "the sovereign and independ- ent German Democratic Re- public," which it is not. He then added arrogantly that the West's proposal was an at- tempt to "interfere" in the af- fairs of East Germany. The way it looks from here, the West should tell Khrushchev to tear down the wall of shame before further talks or negotia- (Continued on Page 5) l In Today's J Progress... Council Agenda Sent to Bishops .................... 2 Arts, Crafts Fair Opens Soon in Bellevue ................ 3 'Very Much Alive' (Editorial) 4 About Teaching Sisters (Arts Browsing) ................. $ Burse Circle Nine Disbands.. 6 World's Fair Visitors From Smithers, B. C ........... .. 3 Says We Should 'Thank God' For Otr Spiritual Heritage By J. J. Gilbert WASHINGTON, July 18 m An official here has spoken out to deplore "the apologetic approach to patriotism" which he says is "becoming fashionable" in some circles today. "The faith and principles which withstood the ravages of war, subversion, and crime over the years are almost passe," J. Edgar Hoover, director of the Federal Bureau of In- vestigation, has said in a message to law enforcement officers across the country. "Any exhibition of national pride and rever- ence for the American flag are merely by rote. The burning zeal of patriotism which was in the hearts of the men of '76 in many instances has turned to selfishness, apathy, and indulgence." "We should give humble thanks to God for the spiritual herit- age won" by those patriots who have gone be/ore us, the FBI head declared. Reporting that "one precocious high school editor" had proclaimed that "patriotism has outlived its usefulness," Hoover said: "God forbid that such misguided observations should reflect the reasoning of any sizable segment of our youth." Hoover is competent to warn of a loss of proper patriotism. Others, with as much and perhaps even more competence in their fields, have warned the nation against a growth in secularism. Some hold it has come to a practical exclusion of God and religion from the thinking and living of some, and a desire on the part of a few to exclude God from the public lives of all. One is prompted to ask if the two things being warned against do not go together. If. Hoover says, there is a decline in real patriotism, it coincides with the patent growth of secularism. Moreover, those forces which Hoover consistently sees as consti- (Continued on Page 3) THE REV. EDWARD BOYLE, art and exhibits chairman for Liturgical Week, explains the design of a statue of the Sacred Heart received for display at the August conference. The statue, by California sculptor Jon Raymond, is carved from Honduras mahogany and measures almost three feet in length. Besides displays of sculpturing, there will be paintings, mosaics, calligraphy, vestments, tapestries, cruci- fixes and stained glass windows exhibited. Many pieces will be designed for the home rather than the church or monastery. L urgical Week Over 75 West Coast artists will display their work at the Liturgical Week to be held August 20-23 on the World's Fair Grounds. According to Rev. Edward Boyle, chairman of art and exhibits for the Week, there will be displays from California, Oregon, Washington, British Colum- bia and Hawaii. Among those artists exhibiting will be Louisa Jenkins, mosaicist; Jean Chariot of Honolulu, well- known fresco muralist and sculptor Frances Rich. Local artists will include Jacob Elshin, Nancy Lou Patterson, Val Laigo, Sister Bernard of Jesus, F.C.S.P., and Tom Hemmen, who designs and makes stained-glass windows. Tapestries, vestments, calligraphy, crucifLxes will also be included in the display. Father Boyle emphasized that much of the art to be shown is designed for the home as well as the church: "The majority of objects are extremely modern, but we shouldn't consider them irreligious. Rather, we should keep in mizd that modern artists are will- ing to work in religious art if people wih accept it and buyit. "So many times," Father said, "in modern Attracts Artists homes the religious statue or picture is relegated to the bedroom or hallway because the piece is out of place in the living room. We should begin to consider modern religious art as having a definite place in our homes as well as our churches." Besides the art exhibit there will be an architec- tural display, featuring the work of architects and the churches they have designed within the past three years. During the conference the Spaeth Award and the Cardinal Lercaro Medal will be awarded for top ar- chitectural design. In charge of awards is Rev. Patrick O'Donnell of Fayettville, Ohio. Pictures of all churches in the competition as well as the art exhibits will be on display in the northwest section of the display hall below the Opera House. Felix CampaneUa, arcltect, is co-chairman of the art committee and will set up all displays. Helping Father Boyle in his correspondence with art exhibi- tors is Mrs. John Greksouk and her daughter, Suzanne. Following the Liturgical Week, several displays will go to the Benedictine Academy at St. Martin Abbey for exhibit. Italian Capuchin's Canonization Set ROME, July 17 (Radio, N.C.)--Th e Superior Gen- eral of the Capuchin Order anrtounced that His Holi- ness Pope John XXIII will canonize Blessed Franceso Maria Creese of Camporosso, 19th-century Capuchin Brother, December 8. The announcement by Fa- ther Clement Neubauer, O. F.M. Cap., of Milwaukee in- dicated that the canonization will take place in the presence of the Fathers attending the Second Vatican Council. The date is the feast of the Immac- ulate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, heavenly patron of the Capuchin Friars Minor. The canonization process of Blessed Francesco Maria passed one of its last major hurdles March 20. It was then, in the presence of Pope 3ohn, that the mirac- ulous nature of cures worked through the intercession oI the friar were approved. The Capuchin who is being canonized was born in 1804 in the town of Camporosso on Italy's northwestern c o a s t. The family was called Creese, and his father was a farmer and small scale olive grower. The boy was baptized Giovan- ni. When he was about 18, he joined the Conventual Fran- ciscans at Sestri Ponente as a tertiary. Two year later, how- ever, he decided to try the more austere life of the Capu- chins, and was sent to their novitiate in Genoa. He was given the name Francesco Maria, and was professed a lay Brother in 1826. The Capuchin friar was beatified by Pope Plus XI on June 30, 1929, and his feast established on the date of his death, September 17. The canonization cause was resumed March 30. 1931. The two instantaneous cures given final approval as mirac- ulous last March both involved Italians. The first concerned the cure on September 4, 1929 of the fractured jawbone and a concussion suffered by An- gelo Parpaglione at Chiavari. The second was the cure of Guido Negri at Genoa in July, 1945. The middle finger of his right hand was infected to the point of putrefaction, and he Romulo Stand At School Stirs Leftists MANILA, July 18 (NC)--The new administration of Carlos P. Romulo at the University of the Philippines has stirred opposition from le/tists because of the strong disciplinary stand it took on recent articles ap- pearing in the school publica- tion. The university suspended the two editors after articles of an allegedly obscene nature ap- peared and one issue was pub- lished without being cleared with the faculty adviser. Arti- cles have also been published sniping at Romulo's direction of the school since he came here from Washington, where he had been Philippines ambassador. had lost the finger nail. Police Seek Bombers ()f S. Peer's VATICAN CITY, July 17 (Radio, NC)Vatican - gendarmes and Rome po- lice combined forces to try to track down the origin of a time bomb that ex- ploded in St. Peter's basilica. The c r u d e I y constructed, low-powered bomb went off at 8:10 p.m. July 14. shortly af- ter the great basilica had been cleared of visitors for the night. Slight damage was done to marble facing at the base of the tomb of Pope Clement X, in the apse of the basilica to the right of the Altar of the Chair. Immediately after the ex- plosion, Vatican and Rome police began piecing together fragments of the bomb and studying the circumstances of its explosion. The recent bombing was the fourth such attempt to have been made in the basilica. The last was in 1950, during the Holy Year. None of the bomb. ings has done appreciable dam- age. Visitors to the basilica are normally required to check all packages at the door be- fore entering. It is recog- nized, however, that it is virtually impossible to pre- vent serious efforts to snmg- gle a bomb into the church. As a result of the recent bombing, the number of gen- darmes at the basilica en- trance has been increased as well as the number of plain- clothes police who are on constant duty inside the ba- silica.