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July 13, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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July 13, 1962

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4--THE PROGRESS i Frida 7, July 13, 1962 Surrogate Mothers WO SCIENTISTS from the University of Wisconsin, Dr. Harry F. Harlow and Dr. Robert R. Sponholz, have been doing research on behavior patterns of primates for several years. One of their experiments with live baby monkeys is carried on before the viewers' very eyes at the Seattle World's Fair. Two pairs of monkeys all born on the same day form the basis of the Har- low-Sponholz experiment. One set of twins is placed in a cage with their na- tural mother who feeds and cares for them. But the other pair of baby monkeys is placed in an isolation ward. They are never allowed to see or know their mother. Instead, scientists create for these poor creatures what is called a surrogate, or make-believe mother. A surrogate mother consists of a monkey's body formed of wire draped with a warm cloth and topped with a carved wooden head-- add to this structure a feeding bottle and baby monkey has an artifical mother all his own. Both sets of twins are then placed under strict observation and their be- havior habits are carefully recorded. After many years of observing and comparing baby monkeys raised by their real parents and those "raised" by surrogate mothers, certain very pe- culiar behavior patterns in the latter  group reoccur with frightening regu- larity. The surrogate twins run to their wood and wire parent for warmth and soothing rocking motion whenever they are frightened or hungry, They go to the wire form for warmth and comfort when afraid far more times than they go for the their experimental counterparts. They play poorly together, do not idjust well to their environment, and when they them- selves become parents invariably reject their own offspring. There are exceptions --but when baby monkeys who never knew their own parents adjust well and behave well, they are indeed the excep- tion. Every mother ought to meditate up- on the behavior patterns of these poor little motherless monkeys whose only knowledge of maternal care was a piece of wire, a bottle of milk and a warm blanket. Could it be that the reason for so much juvenile delinquency, mental ill- ness and general unhappiness in our modern society springs from too many surrogate mothers and not enough real mothers? What of the mother who works all day every day away from home---who buys little Johnny and Susie every kind of toy, feeds them full of candy and lavishes upon them every creature comfort save the one they really want: a mother's sell less love? Are mothers who give their children everything money can buy, but deny their offspring long hours of care and attention for which a teenage baby- sitter is supposedly paid, anything more to their children than a wooden head, a metal form, a warm blanket and a feeding bottle are to a motherless baby monkey? The growing crime rate among juveniles makes us wonder. We don't know how much true ma- ternal love--the kind that gives of the self, not of the pocketbook--affects the total personality of any given human being, We will probably never know. But bottle. As these children of artificial par- the questions raised by the motherless entage grow up they are noticeably more baby monkeys at Seattle's World's Fair irritable, moody, and antagonistic than are worthwhile thinking about. Reds Laud Court VEN before the Su- preme Court's deei- s i o n declaring agnosti- cism in effect to be the official "religion" of the American Republic, the Com- munist leaders here had com- mended that Court warmly. Standing : .... ::!::!: the Red acclaim were Justices H u g o Black and William O. Douglas, whom the followers o f Moscow clearly d e - pend upon to defend them BUDENZ and their ac- tivities. The Worker of June 17 ran a long leading editorial along these lines, accompanying it by an extensive summary of the interview which Justice Black was to publish later in the New York University Law Review. It was there that the Justice from Alabama took such an extreme position on the First Amendment that he definitely extended it to pro- tect the utterances and inter- communications of the Com- munist conspiracy. 'Powerful Testimony' The Worker editorial sum- med it up thus: "Now comes new and powerful testimony from the pens of Supreme Court Justices Hugo Black and William O. Douglas and their judgments should in- spire a renewed wave of de- mands on President Kennedy and the Department of Jus- flee to call a halt to all prose- cutions under the monstrous McCarran and Smith Laws and to take executive actions to nullify these demonstrably an-Canstitutional fascist-style laws which violate the liber- ties of the people." The "pens of Supreme Court Justices Hugo Black and Wil- liam O. Douglas" were devoted to what amounted to a de/eso attorney's argument for Gus Hall,. leader of the Communist party, and the editor f The Worker, James E. Jackson, in their defiance of grand juries looking into the enforcement of the Internal Security Act. Very shortly thereafter, the cases involving several Com- munist officials, i n c I u d i n g Jackson, were dismissed by the courts under the legal atmos- phere created by recent Supreme Court decisions. ,While through the World Marxist Review and Inter. national Affairs, the Kremlin is crying aloud that this coun- try is "the center of fascism" and the leader of the, reaction- aries in every land, our courts seem to be bending over back. wards to assure the Com- munists that they may operate freely. The situation is almost as absurd as it was for Don Quixote in the Spain of his day to go about naming cobblers' daughters members of the no- bility. When.the "no prayer" deci- sion came down, The Worker was unable to contain itself and that for a two-fold reason. It saw that the decision struck sharply along the roadway of materialism, which the Com- munists hold to be their basic viewpoint. It also opened the way for the Reds to be still further encouraged in a legal way. 'Patriotic Decision' It does not surprise us, then, to read that this was "A Pat- riotic Decision," which is the title of the Red organ's chief editorial on July 1. And par- ticularly should we observe the following: "It is fitting that the Supreme Court, on the eve of the fourth of July, issued its decision on public school prayers, with its powerful affirmation of the in- violability of the First Amend- ment. "" T h e ultra-reactionaries, who have no real concern for the religions sensibilities of the American people, are trying to confuse the nation, just as their ancestors tried to confuse the people with the charges of atheism and anti-religion against Jefferson and the o t h e r democratic leaders of that early period. Their aim, however, is to use this decision for a new at- tack on the First Amend- ment to the Constitution. This has already become clear in Congress, where frantic e/- forts are being made to push a new amendment vitiating the Bill of Rights." The labels of "ultra-reac- tionary" and "fascist" have been worked overtime by the Reds to intimidate men of good will into unwittingly de- fending the cor-piracy and into preventing us from knowing how the .line" comes inces- santly from Moscow into American life, the second great reason for America's inability to cope with Soviet power. The Commurts are using this ecouragament which the Decree courts are giving them to work zealously for the downfall of America, which they predict is only a matter of time. The Soviet Society for the Populari- zation of Political and Scientific Knowledge even drafts Victor Perlo, former U.S. Government Economist and now writer for The Worker, to give the world the following view in the June International Affairs: "The motor of U.S. capi- talism has worn down and grown sluggish. The machine needs emergency treatment." But this motor "is too worn out for even a major overhaul to offer promise of lasting suc- cess." From American pens there thus issues confirmation of Khrushchev's prophesy of our downfall; we will appar- ently have'to do more to offset such psychological warfare. Never Again Alone THE passion of Christ -- shows you the enorm- ous contribution which suffering can make to the sanctification of souls and the salvation of the world. Look up to your crucified Re- deemer. By His words and His example He taught men; by His miracles He helped them; but first and foremost, He saved the world by His passion and crucifixion. Do you wish to help Him save more souls? Then, if you do, you possess in your infirmity an instrument which divine providence places at your disposal in order that you might say with St. Paul: "What is lacking of the suf- fering of Christ I fill up in my flesh for His body, which is the Church." (Col. 1:24) Here lies the great task ahead of those who are suffer- ing -- a task which generous souls will carry to the extreme consequences of heroic accep- tance and sacrificial offering. Nothing is beyond the reach of those in this type of apostolate; they can extend the benefits of redemption to all souls, many of whom would not be saved if these apostles had not prayed and suffered for it. Let those who are suffering fulfill this program in their lives; they will never again feel that the are alone; they will see the wonderful fruits of their spiritual activity in heaven, where there are neither tears, nor sorrow, nor separa- tion, nor the possibility of of- feuding God.--Pope John XXIII 'You-For A Joyous Era' Morality Of Mmder TI xeats By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. n a recent talk in Ro- mania Khrushchev com- plained that the Uni,ted States was preparing to launch a preventive war. Apparently he had advance in- formation about the talk de- livered by Secretary of Defense McNamara at the University of Michigan commencement in mid-June. The Secretary proposed that even if atomic war erupts, we should not direct our bombs at civilian popu- lation but at military targ- ets. "That is to say, prin- cipal mili- tary objec- tives, in the event of a w a r stem- ming from a major at- FE. SHEEKIN tack on the (NATO) Alliance, should be destruction of the enemy's forces, not of his civilian pop- ulation . . ." Some Washington observers agree with Khrushchev in see- ing in the Secretary's talk a threat to launch a preventive war. They take it that Presi- dent Kennedy is saying to Khrushchev: "If we see that you are get- ting ready to start a nuclear war, we will beat you to the punch by striking first and we will destroy your military forces but not your civilian population." Other experts do not inter- pret Mr. McNamara's remarks in this wise. They say he was simply telling the Russians that we are not bluffing when we say we will retaliate if the So- viets attack us first. These experts claim our de- terrence policy must have "teeth" in it and that in order to deter the Soviets from strik- ing us we must be certain they know we will retaliate. More- over, in order to deter them from striking our cities, we should make clear that we do not intend to strike their cities. This sounds as though the H-bomb strategy of the West is all very moral. Moral theology says that in war the innocent noncombatant civil- ians should not be attacked. But the $64 question is: how can an attacking :force bomb a city like Moscow without striking the civilian population? Surely, the Russians are not going to move all military tar- gets and military forces out of the city so that the West will be free to bomb them in their new location! Possibly the Secretary of De- fense was merely making a bid to the Russians to join the U.S. in making up a new set of ground rules for nuclear war. Such a code would be a bless- ing in case a nuclear war does erupt. But it seems rather fanciful to think that Russia would ever consent to such an agreement. one remark in Mr. Mc- Namara's talk that was un- fortunate. He said: "The very strength and na- ture of the Alliance forces make it possible for us to re- tain, even in the face of a massive surprise attack, suf- ficient reserve striking power to destroy an enemy society if driven to it. In other words, we are giving a possible op- ponent the strongest possible incentive to refrain from striking our own cities." This may be only a threat-- but it is a threat to devastate Russian cities if we are "driv- en to it." In other words, if the Russians attempt to wipe out our society, we should not hesitate to wipe out theirs. Which means that we would kill every man, woman and child in these cities even though they are not part of the mili- tary forces. Maybe Mr. McNamara means it only as a threat, a threat that we would not--as a Chris- tian nation, actually put into execution. But if we have no such intention to muraer in- discriminately, we have no right as a Christian nation to lie about our intention. We have no obligation to tell the Rus- sians what our intentions are --but we do have an obligation not to lie about them. An editorial in Worldview (Summer, 1961)said: "No re- sponsible theologian  Protes- tant or Catholic--would admit the justice of any war in which nuclear weapons of mass de- From the standpoint of moral struction are employed against theology, however, there was civilian populations." Person With A J ol To Do By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, $.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore O FAR as the representation of , priests and nuns is concerned, we have come a long ways since the la- mented youth of the present writer. While he must confess that he hasn't seen a movie .in the last 15 years, he can still maintain that he reads the same magazines and newspapers as you do and that he probably knows as much about the movies, secondhand, as you do. Anyway, when this writer was a kid and stole off to the movies with a misdirected dime, he used to have to watch the most ludicrous portrayals of the priest or the nun. It was not uncommon in those days for the movie priest to bless himself most solerrmiy on the wrong shoulders or for the nun to represent herself as a victim of unrequited "passion" (a won- derful word from the promotion angle). She offered her spoiled romance to God because nobody else seemed to want it. Then gradually a new era came about. Priests were heroes and sisters were the an- gels of the battlefields and all that. Still a lot of us in the profession felt that nobody could come up to Barry Fitzgerald and Bing Crosby and Ingrid Bergman and Deborah Kerr. This is pretty stiff competition. (Incidentally, we had to call a friend for some of these names!) Judging from a critical review we read re- cently, the wheel has come round again. "Film Polski," we learned, has produced something that outdoes even our youth. The story con- cerns a Mother Superior in a Roman convent, "no common wench" .but a "full-bodied young woman"--and we quote. The rest of the story became not only ridiculous but downright funny. A couple of half-mad priests figure in, a la Freud, and birds fly by, symbolic of something or other and a certain Father Joseph dissolves into tears, just why we forget. We wondered just how imaginative one can get. Your priest or your nun or your brother, as you well know, is a person with a job to do. It's really not very romantic. There are the sick to anoint and the kids to educate and end- less details to watch for: paying bills on time, listening to old Mrs. Smith denouncing Mrs. Jones, fixing the plumbing . . . Liturgical Movement Concerned BasiCally With God's Worship By Rev. James H. Deady Pastor, Our Lady of Lourdes Parish Vancouver, Wash. HE LITURGICAL movement is a true and essential Catholic revival. It is not concerned with what is new and novel nor with simply restoring what is an- cient. It is a movement working within the stream of the eternal vitality of the Church, reviving, restoring. and implementing unchanging truth and essential forms in the light of the needs of modem man. The truth of the Church and the life of the Church are not tied to any era or any lo- cale but are vigorously able to meet and match the needs of men in every situation. The vernacular movement, for example, is an effort not to destroy tradition but to adapt the means to the end, that our people may be in- volved in the worship and prayer of the Church with the fulness of their human powers of mind and body. Like every other phase of the liturgical movement it is at all times subject to the guidance and di- rection of the apostolic au- thority of the Church. In the minds of some the liturgical movement has been identified with mere richness of ceremony, with style of vestment or forms of music and art. The essential concern of the movement is God's wor- ship, with which man's salva- tion corresponds. Of course we must be concerned with bring- ing what is good, beautiful and useful to God's service. Vest- ments which are ugly may re- pel us, but to be good and beautiful they need not be elaborate. However, such con- siderations are quite secon- dary. God's worship, whether in the splendor of St. Peter's or the shabby surrounding of a mission hut, is the unique concern of the liturgical movement. Modern man -- that's us needs to realize that he is made to worship God. This is the reason of his being at all. He needs to be aware too that his worship cannot be con- fined to isolated periods in his workaday life, an hour once a week. His Sunday worship in the House of God must over- flcw into, inspire and inform all his work and leisure to make worship of these also. Catholic worship, especially in its central, supreme action, Holy Mass, is designed to do this. Catholics are missing not less than half the point if they do not understand that the Mass means to be an integrat- ing, organizing principle in their lives. It means to gather up all their living, every facet of life except sin, and direct it through Christ to the wor- ship of the Father. We are moving beyond the era when so many of our con- gregations were silent, pas- sive, immobile crowds of hu- manity. The Church's program of active, vocal participation Calendar SUNDAY, JULY 16, FIFTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTE- COST, MASS: Exaudi, Domine --Hear, O Lord (Green). GI., Cr., Prof. of Trinity. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, JULY 16, COM- MEMORATION OF B.V.M. OF MOUNT CARMEL, MASS as on Sun. (Green). No. GI., 2nd Pr. of B.V.M., no Cr., Com. Prof. Or MASS: Gaudeamus--Let us rejoice (White). GI., Prof. of B.V.M. TUESDAY, JULY 17, COM- MEMORATION OF ST. A L E X I U S, CONFESSOR, MASS as on Sun. (Green). No. Gl., 2nd Pr. of St. Alexius, no Cr., Com. Pro/. Or MASS: Os justi--the mouth of the just (white). WEDNESDAY, JULY 18, ST. CAMILLUS DE LELLIS, CON- FESSOR, MASS: Majorem -- Greater love (white). GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Symphorosa and seven sons. THURSDAY, JULY 19, ST. VINCENT DE PAUL, CON- FESSOR, MASS: Justus -- The just shall flourish (White). FRIDAY, JULY 20, ST. JEROME AEMILIAN; CON- FESSOR, MASS: Effusum--My liver (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Margaret. Abstinence. SATURDAY, JULY 21, ST. LAWRENCE BRINDISI, CON- FESSOR, DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH, MASS: In medio--In the midst (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Praxede. REV. JAMES DEADY 2nd Vice Chairman 1962 Liturgical Week would fall far short of its pur. pose if it did not serve to in. volve us in the wholeness of our being in the worship of God. We assemble at Mass as members of Christ to join with Him in offering His worship to the Father. This cannot be be an isolated act dissociated from the rest of our living. This Eucharistic worship in- volves the rededication of our lives and the re-direction of all our living to God. This is why a meal, Holy Communion, is essential to Catholic worship. God is worshiped and we are fed. We are nourished with divine Food to engender divine life and divine strength into our weak nature to enable us to go out of God's house into God's world to live like duti- ful, loving children of His. We saw last week that the Church is Christ in the world. We brought this down to the local level: the parish is Christ in the neighborhood. Our Lord's whole purpose is the worship of the 'Father, with the corresponding salvation of men. This means that the Church, Christ's Body in the world, is a worldwide society of worshiping people. On the local level, it means that the parish is a worshiping com- munity. Have you ever thought of your parish in this way? Far from being a kind of "spiritual service station" to which you have periodic re- course to be "serviced" with sacraments and sermons and counsel, your parish, every parish, is a community of the people of God organized and postured for the worship of God. You belong to this dedicated people. You are a member of this worshiping community. If our Catholic people are going to grow in an awareness of their personal vocation to worship, it must be nurtured in the revitalized climate of our parishes understood to be congregations of the members of the Body of Christ dedi- cated to one only purpose, the worship of Almighty God, in and through Jesus Christ, our Head. Local Interest The outstanding feature of preparation for the August Liturgical Week in Seattle is the local effort and interest. The Liturgical Conference tries to hold a convention that not only is of national interest, but has a local and regional impact. The visitor will profit from the Liturgical program in progress in this area and the daily sessions, demonstrations and Masses will help to stimu- late Archdiocesan interests in Worship -- Rev. Frederick Mc- Manus, president, Liturgical Conference. Not Just For Monks Father Giuseppe Sarto, par- ish priest of Salzano, later Pius X, Bishop of Rome, sum, marized his efforts to get peo- ple to receive Communion fre- quently and to sing congrega- tionaUy by saying that the liturgy is ,the primary and indispensable source of the true Christian spirit." Not just for Monks; for all.--Rev. Paul Purta, S.S., Chairman Semina rians, 1962 Liturgical Week. __. 90"/ Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 24880 Second-Clam Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAUEditor MARY BRESHAHAN--Associate Editor