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June 28, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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. 4--THE PROGRESS Friday, June 28, 1963 Three In One IOVANNI Battista Cardinal Men- tint, Archbishop of Milan, is the 262nd successor of St. Peter. What kind of pope will Paul VI be? Shortly after his election last week, the new Vicar of Christ outlined the goal of his pontificate. He told an old friend from the Secretariat of State that he hoped to follow the example of his three immediate predecessors: "Plus XI for his 'strong will. Plus XII for his knowledge and wisdom. John XXIII for his limit- less goodness." The brilliant ecclesiastical career of Milan's courageous, scholarly, and thoroughly pastoral Cardinal Archbishop gives every indication that Pope Paul's words were more prophecy than poetry. It must have taken the young Mon- tini tremendous will power and dogged determination to complete his studies for the priesthood. Although endowed with a fine mind, he was a frail, ailment- prone youth plagued by colds. Once, poor health drove him from the Jesuit School in Brescia, But he never gave up. That same strong will has asserted itself time and again throughout his adult life. His unflinching crusades against Fascism while spiritual adviser to the Federation of Italian Catholic Univer- sity Students in the early thirties and against Communism while Archbishop of Milan are examples of will power and unshaken conviction of which Plus XI rightly would be proud. OMEWHAT withdrawn and book- ish by nature, Paul VI will bring a scholarly and scientific approach to the problems confronting the Church in the modern world. So closely does he re- semble another of his predecessors in scholarship that newsmen and critics are already describing Paul's first message to the world as "shades of Plus XII." His thirty years as Vatican Diplomat and his nine years as Pastor of Milan, the largest archdiocese in Christendom, have given this man something of the wisdom of a Pacelli, a quality he dearly loved and admired in his late friend and spiritual father. But it is toward an acquisition of the "limitless goodness" of John XXIII that Giovanni Batffsta seems to be directing the bulk of his energies and talents. Pope Paul VI has made it clear to the world that he intends to continue the programs for peace, renewal and unity begun by John XXIII. At a funeral oration in Milan, he said: "Pope John has shown us some paths which it will be wise to follow. Death cannot stifle the spirit which he so infused in our era. Can we turn away from the paths so masterfully traced? It seems we cannot." The Twentieth Century might well be called the age of great popes. From Leo XIII to John XXIII, the Chair of Peter has been filled by men of unparalleled brilliance, wisdom and sanctity. Each of these modern day successors of Peter has made a unique contribution to the Church at the very time their particular talents were most needed. Could it be that with Christianity facing its greatest crisis, the Holy Spirit in. His Infinite Wisdom is giving mankind the talents of three great modern day popes in one? But human gifts are not enough to assure ultimate success in the King- dom of God. Another talented Church- man by the name of Paul once re- minded his parishioners at Corinth: '7 have planted, Apollo watered: but God gave the increase." (I Cot. 111:6). ERHAPS Paul VI had this in mind when he turned to the United States senior Prelate, Cardinal Spellman, short- ly after his election and said in English: "Please pray for me." These four words are Pope Paul's personal message to American Catholics. He needs and wants our prayers. The Papacy has weathered the storms of twenty centuries, not because men of talent and ability have grasped the tiller of Peter's bark. Important as taIented tillers, planters and waterers may be, in matters spiritual, "God alone giveth the increase." What Now, Samson? e Spain Not Excepted By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. ISHOP Pedro Cantero of Huelva, Spain re- cently defended the Cath- olic Church's preferential position in Spain. He claimed that Spain is not psy- chologically or mentally ready for religious liberty as it is found in other countries. The Spanish nation has a duty to defend the ages-old religious unity of Spain, according to Bishop Can- tero, and if it fails to do so, grave social disorder will result. "To open the flood- privately and publicly and there- fore the Spanish law which bans public Protestant worship is a violation of a fundamental human right. Moreover, the Spanish offi- cials would do well to give a close reading to Part II, No. 56 of the encyclical text which take pains to Promote the com- mon good of all without prefer- ence for any single citizen or civic group." The religious unity of Span- ish Catholics is a great good and the Catholics of Spain should preserve it but not at the expense of others who suffer loss of human rights thereby. A good end does not justify a bad means. Moreover, the Spanish Catho- lics are only a small part of the whole Catholic Church and they should be reluctant to follow a course of action that inflicts serious harm on other sections of the universal Church. For instance, the suppression of religious liberty in Spain is a serious handicap to the apos- tolic work of the Catholic Church in the U.S. It has been a thorn in the side of American Catholics who contend that the Catholic Church respects relig- ious freedom. In today's world we endanger the health of the whole Church if we attempt to suppress the religious liberties of non-Catho- lics in any corner of the globe. gates in the I" field of relig- k alert ar Imagined Dangers Real Issues ioo00,,00r00,n the form sought FR. SHEERIN SUNDAY, JUNE 30, FOURTH TYR, MASS: Lex veritatis  by international -- The law of truth (Red). {31. THURSDAY, JULY 4, FER- IAL THURSDAY, MASS of 4th Sunday after Pent. (Green). No GI., no Cr., Com. Prof. FRIDAY, ST, ANTHONY MARY ZACCARIA, CONFES- SOR, MASS: Sermo meus -- My speech (White). GI. First Fri.: 2 Votive Masses of Sacred Heart permitted (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Anthony, no Cr., Prof. of Sacred Heart. Abstinence. SATURDAY, SATURDAY OF OUR LADY, MASS: Salve -- Hail, Holy Mother (White). GI., Pref. of B.V.M. First Sat.: Vot. Mass of Imm. Heart permitted (White). GI., Prof. 6f B.V.M. SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST, propaganda, Spain would run MASS: Dominus -- The Lord the risk of creating within the (Green). Gl., Cr., Pref. of Trin- Spanish nation a g r a v e un- ity. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, JULY 1, MOST PRECIOUS BLOOD OF JESUS CHRIST, MASS: Redemisti nos --Thou hastredeemed us (Red). GI., Cr., Pref. of Holy Cross. Mass for Parish. TUESDAY, JULY 2, VISITA- TION OF B.V.M., MASS: Salve --Hail, Holy Mother (White). Gl., 2nd Pr. of SS. Processus and Martinian, Cr., Pref of B.V.M. WEDNESDAY, JULY 3, ST. IRENAEUS, BISHOP, MAR- rest . . ." -' I find it hard to reconcile these ideas with Pope John's teaching in Pacem in Terris. In Part I, No. 14, the text of the encyclical says: "Every human being has the right to honor God according to the dictates of an upright conscience and there. fore the right to worship God privately and publicly." The Pope made no exception in the case of Spain. Any human being anywhere in the world has the right to worship God The legal and philosophical "answer to this interpretation of the Constitution, it seems to us, has been well put by Mr. Jus- tice Stewart. "We err . . . if we donot recognize as a matter of the history and as a matter of the imperatives of our free society, that religion and gov- ernment must necessarily in- teract in countless ways." He cites example after example of the interaction -- from the use of prayer in the opening of courts and Congress to the State support of chaplains to minister to those in the armed forces who;of their own choice, seek such ministry. And he puts his finger surely upon the specious argument of Government ',neutrality" about religion. The duty of the State 'is to "accommodate those dif- ferences" of belief which a free society makes inevitable, not to try to set up "impermissible categories" and so throw its weight against those who may desire public expression of their beliefs. Not Neutrality "A compulsory State educa- tional system so structures a child's life," he observes, "that if religious exercises are held to be impermissible in schools, religion is placed at an artificial a n d State - crated disadvan- tage." In short, not neutrality but State action against re- ligion. Yet much as we share Justice Stewart's views, it is not alone the philosophy of the c o u r t majoritythat troubles us. Sure- ly it is a distortion of the Con- stitutionto suggest that when the Founding Fathers put into it the prohibition against "the establishment of religion" they were aiming even distantly at a prohibition against the read. ing of Scripture or of prayers in public bodies, including the schools. To them "establishment" From the "Wall Street Journal," June 19 F ALL the dangers to a free society of which our forefathers were fearful, and against which they sought to safeguard the people in the Constitution, the one that time has proved of no danger is that the State would prescribe a religious belief. In our history we have had many constitutional c r i s e s, some of which nearly tore the Country apart. We are torn to- day by a constitutional issue,  that of the treatment of our Negro citizens, which will re- quire the utmost efforts of great ! minds to resolve without politi, eel wounds. But nowhere in our history will you find any serious , threat by any church or sect to seize the State or to per- suade the State to use its pew- ers to establish it as the State " religion. Absolute Nonsense ! This elementary fact of our ' history, quite apart from all of the philosophical arguments, : seems to us to make absolute nonsense of the Supreme Court's decision about Bible readings in the public schools. A more ponderous effort upon a more trivial issue has rarely, if ever, emerged from the robed men who sit upon i the bench. This is not to say that the result of the decision is trivial, or that its consequences do not now raise grave questions. For what the Supreme Court has done, in the name of protecting us from the establishment of religion by the State, is to esta-  blish secularization -- atheism, " if you would have it bluntly -- as the one belief to which the State's power will extend its protection. Non.Believers Sheltered Thus if you believe in the meant literally setting up a God of the Jews, the God of State. religion. the Islam, you are denied abso- It is certainly a distortion of lutely any public expression of the views of such men as Madi- it in the schools which the pub- son and Jefferson and Roger licsupperts. Hearafter the views Williams to suggest that their of the non.believer alone are devotion to religious liberty is sheltered by the full panoply of somehow the seed of the view the State's police powers, to which this court has now come, depriving people of the liberty to express their religious views openly in the school. And what are we to make of it when this court, in order to buttress 'its opinion, re- minds us of the danger "that powerful sects . . . might bring about a fusion of gov- ernmental and religious rune. tions"? Are we to suppose that this danger, rightly guarded against by the Constitution, is somehow. now threatened because school children hear the Bible read? Upside Down Logic Apparently so. For in warn- ing us against this "minor en- croachment" against the Con. stitution, the C o u r t thunders that "the breach of neutrality that is today a trickling stream may all too soon become a rag- ing torrent." H e r e, without doubt, is upside-down logic. For if there has been any consistent trend in our roll. gious history, it is that what might once have been de- scribed as a raging torrent of religious intolerance has be- come by comparison a trick- ling stream. It is this disparity between argument and reality, between cause and remedy, that troubles us in the Court's decision. Per- haps it is undesirable public policy -- although we do not think so -- to provide a mo- ment of prayer, or a brief reading of the Scriptures, in a school whose purpose is to teach the ideas upon which Western society is based. But it is wholly ridiculous to argue that this practice, fol- lowed by generation after gen- eration without injury to our institutions, is now suddenly be- come a thing to undermine the Republic and demand the most absolute prohibitions against it in the name of the Constitution. Tortured History And it does not augur well for the future to see our highest judges torture history and turn metaphysical handsprings to justify that which they wish to decide. In the real constitutional issues which face the Nation today we should not have to fear that small minds will be brought to great questions. i Unforgiveable oversights By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore A RECENT statement issuing from a casually ignore the patient, often painful, labors symposium at the University of of the Josephite Fathers for almost a century. Portland (but not from the University) They have a seminary in Washington, D. C. It struck us as passing strange. Of course, we do fails to mention the enormous contributions made not have the full statement but we do have what by Mother Frances Drexel who poured her own appeared in the Catholic press. A Protestant, a vast fortune into the congregation she founded, Jew and a Catholic seem to have concurred in the Blessed Sacrament Sisters, who work for damning the churches and the Church in the U.S. Indians and Negroes. There is no allusion to as indifferent, theoretical and impractical in the thousands of lives lived in both North and South area of race relations, for Indians, Negroes, Puerto Ricans and various It was particularly distressing to read (at minority groups least in our version) that Dr. John O'Connor of It glides past the monumental decisions of Georgetown University described our actions as Archbishop Rummel and their further inplemen- "high-altitude whirling, never getting down to tation by his Coadjutor, Archbishop Cody, the where it affects people." decisions of Cardinal Ritter of St. Louis, or of Perhaps in his humility Dr. O'Connor forgets Archbishop O'Boyle in Washington, or of Bishop that he himself in his own person stands as a Waters in North Carolina. One could go on substantial refutation of this very charge. He and on. has devoted almost a lifetime to the active All this, finally, was done under the inspira- tion of Justice and Charity not by love of the practical and generous pursuit of interracial Supreme Court decision of 1954 binding only on Justice. public schools. Most of it was done long before The indictment, however, as it stands, would that decision. Be Comforted! Child 0 Psychology Is Love By REV. LEO J. TRESE F YOU are a parent, particularly a young parent, you may experience some anxiety as to your ado. quacy in the field of child psychology. Be comforted! The chances are that you are a better psychologist than you think. Infancy through childhood is the time of greatest vulner- ability in the development of h u m a n personality. Parents who bring their child safely to the age of puberty without serious psychological damage, can then sit back and relax. Their future parental responsi- bilities may not be wholly free from concern, but the most crucial stage is past. By the age of twelve or so, the human personality is quite solidly set. It cannot be greatly altered thereafter. Need Is Love From the moment of his birth, a child's one great psy- chological need is for love. It is love which gives him a feel- ing of self-worth. He is loved; therefore he is lovable; there- fore he is a worth-while per son. It is love, too, which builds in a child a sense of security. He is a stranger to tension since, being loved, he knows that all his needs will be cared for. The child, of course, does not reason this out. In his early years, particularly in infancy, a child operates pretty much on the level of instinct. But his instinct is sharp and per- ceptive. It is hard for us adults to realize how acute is the sen- sitivity of an infant to the presence or absence of love in his environment. Reiecfion Dangerous Rejection, or denial of love, is the most severe psychologi- cal wound which a human being can suffer. A child who feels himself to be unloved will be emotionally handicapped for life. In his mature years he in- evitably will exhibit person- ality difficulties. He must de- fend himself, somehow, against the deep-buried feelings of re- jection and insecurity which are too painful to admit to his conscious mind. It is not only a lack of love for himself which will under- mine a child's sense of security. The same result, in a less per- nicious form, will be effected by chronic discord within the home. The 10ud and angry voices of quarreling parents will leave their impress upon the infant's brain and nervous system and upon the child's personality pattern. These an- tagonists are the two people upon whom the child must de- pend for survival. Their quar- reling instills a fear that his home may break up; a fear, too, that he may be forced to choose between the two people whom he most loves. Such a child lives under continual tension. As an ex- ample; it has been discovered in classroam research that an intelligent child who fails in his studies, quite often is the victim of discord at home. Considering how complex is the process of personality de- velopment, we can be grateful that God has made the princi- ples of parenthood so simple. There really are only two basic rules of child psychology which are of surpassing importance. Love Your Child The first is: Parents, love your child. By word and by action, give him frequent as- surance of your love. You never can tell your child too often, "I love you." You never can love your child too much. A so-called "spoiled" child is not the victim of too much love. He is the victim of re- jecting parents who, feeling guilty, try to make up by leni- ence for the love they cannot give. Message of Love Love is quite consonant with discipline. If love is there, it will be evident even in punish- mont. "It is because I love you so and so much want you to have a happy life that I must punish--not you, but your mis- behavior." The parent may not put this into words, but the message of love will come through. The second basic rule is: Parents, love each other Let your children see that you love each other. There is no greater assurance that you can give to your children, than that theirs is a secure and stable world. A wider knowledge of child psychology will be helpful in coping with many incidental problems of parenthood. But, FATHER TRESE if two parents genuinely love each other and both love their children, they already have 90 per cent of child psychology solidly at work. (Father Trese welcomes letters from his renders. The increasing volume of letters prohibits personal answers but problems and ideas con- tained in such correspond. enee can be the basis of fu- ture columns. Address all let- ters to Father Leo J. Trese, care of this newspaper.) The Inner Light he counselor or the doctor who can bring peace to the unquiet heart of a jittery man is certain of prosperity and of praise. For in a time of in- tense excitement and clamor- ous agitation, there is a par- ticular advantage in staying calm. And the harassed unstrung enthusiast has ad- miration tinged with envy for the fortunate man who can possess his soul in peace. Tranquility and peace are sought frantically today, and all too frequently in the wrong places----drugs, narcotics, drink, sex--all types of anodynes and remedies are sought to re- lieve the inner turbulence gnaws at the frightened heart of man. The most obvious de- fect in these purported reme- dies is that they simply do not work. Sometimes, these dan- gerous "remedies" cause ad- diction, they make slaves, but alas, they bring no peace. Where then shall a man find peace? Strangely enough he q can find it where he may have least expected. He can find it in prayer. He can find it in contemplation. One modern philosopher of great mental acumen main- tains that one of the chief causes of the unhappiness in the heart of Western man is that he does nat contem- plate. Either he has lost the power ef contemplation or more probably, he simply neglects to use it. What to do? Begin now. Slow down. Take your Bible, for it contains the best thoughts of the best men in all ages. Read slowly. Think. Think about God, abo u t external things, about supremely im- portant things. Relax-- a n d rejoice in the very thought of God. Gradually there is a calmness, an end to torture, and you find peace.-- Waiter J. Sullivan, C.S.P. From Pope John's Notebook "This search for classical and Byzantine culture is an ornament of my sacred minis- try. Putting Jesus in the cen- ter, everything is lighted up and embellished." --May 17, 1939. "It is of great comfort to feel oneself understood, fol- lowed and loved. All this haw pens in a form superior to my merits."--Sept 4, 1[}39. . . in the most intimate conversations with the Lord. I must understand always that these are the moments best spent in my life."--Oct. 6, 1939. '"These souls need charity and unity. Instead the war will only indispose and lead away.'--Nov. 5, 1940. "I like so much to be char- itable to others, while I see the Lord bestows so much of it on me."--Dec. 25, 1940. 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second.Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published every Friday by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN.-Associate Editor !