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Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 26, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 26, 1964

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V l ETNA00 TOU R EN DS: General Visits M : en Jungle ) MAJOR GENERAL CHARLES J. TIMMES (fight), the general who got around, has just ended a three-year tour of duty as chief of the U.S. military assistance advisory group in Vietnam. He began each day with attendance at Mass, which he usually served. The general traveled incessantly, visiting camps, villages and jungle clearings. Here he is visiting Sgt. Billy Bobbitt of North Little Rock, Ark., who was giving medical aid to tribesfolk. (See story Page 2.) Chaplains Assist Alaska Recovery FORT RICHARDSON, Alaska (NC)wArmy chap- lains have donated $2,000 for repairs to Central Cath- olic Junior High School in Anchorage, damaged in the ]' Good Friday earthqUake that devastated Alaska. The gift was the latest in a series from the USARAL (U.S. Army, Alaska) Chaplains Fund to relief and reconstruction proj. ects launched in the wake of the earthquake. The fund was launched shortly after the Good Friday quake. Chaplains gathered some $27,800 from Army congregations in the 48 continental states and sent the money to U. S. Army, Alaska, headquarters. Money from the fund has so far been used to pay off Army tJi Emergency Relief loans, underwrite certain urgent private losses and aid several organizations. Previous gifts from the fund include $5,000 to the Disaster Relief Fund established by Bishop Dermot J. O'Flanagan of Juneau, $2,000 to the Episcopal Earthquake Disaster Fund, ! $2,000 to the Alaska Crippled Children's Association and $5,000 to the Anchorage Council of Churches. The $2,000 check for repairs to Central Catholic Junior High School was presented June 16 by Maj. Gen. Ned D. Moore, U.S. Army Commander in Alaska, to Msgr. Edgar Gallant of Holy ) Family Church, Anchorage.. Msgr. Gallant, first Catholic priest ordained in Alaska and a 46-year resident of the state, said the gift "will help us get back on our feet." To Return Afartyr's 00Relic to Orthodox O VATICAN CITY (NC) -- Pope Paul VI has an- nounced he will return the relic of St. Andrew, the brother of St. Peter, to the Orthodox Church in Patras, Greece, where tradition says he was martyred. The Pope told an assembly of cardinals June 23 the transfer of the relic is being made at the request of Orthodox Metropolitan Constantine of Patras. The relic, said to be the head of the Apostle, was taken from Constantinople by the crusaders in 1204 so that, in the Pope's words, "it might be worthily preserved next to the tomb of his brother, St. Peter, with the intention that it might be returned one day, God willing." " His gesture, the Pope said, testifies "to our veneration for the Greek Orthodox Church and to our intention to open our brotherly heart to it, in the faith and charity of the Lord." Pope Paul said the council Fathers would venerate the relic at the third session of the Vatican Council, and it would then be taken to Patras by a papal mission. Christian tradition credits St. Andrew with preaching the Gospel in Asia Minor and Greece, and an early tradition holds that he was crucified in Patras. In the fourth century the relic of the Apostle was taken to Constantinople, and in 1204 to the Cathedral of St, Andrew in Amalfi, in central Italy. Headlines and Deadlines oLodcje Comes Home By George N. Kramer, Ph.D. Headlines leaped high Tuesday to proclaim that Henry Cabot Lodge had resigned as U. S. ambassador to South Vietnam and was returning to Washington. Speculation regarding the reason for the unexpected an- nouncement made by President Johnson was quickly ended when Lodge released a statement in Saigon a few hours later. "I resigned," he said, "because it is my duty to do every- thing I can to help Governor Scranton to win for President. I also have accepted an invitation to address the resolutions com- mittee of the Republican Party," His decision to quit his diplomatic post seems to have been made on the spur of the moment, because as recently as last week he again reiterated that he had no intention of resigning soon. (Continued on Page 5) Pope Promises Pronouncement On Birth Control Regulations By Patrick Riley VATICAN CITY (NC) -- Pope Paul VI revealed that the Church is in the process of a major reevalua- tion of the question of birth control and said that for the present, at least, the pronouncements on the ques- tion by Pope Plus XII must be considered valid and binding for all Catholics. Pope Paul spoke out June 23 with the apparent intention of ending the current controversy over the possible legitimacy for using certain recently discovered hormone pills which can pre- vent conception. He did not refer explicitly to the "pill." But he said that the Church is being aided by "many eminent scholars" in an intensive study of the question, and that its findings will be revealed as soon as possible. Rules Remain the Same Pending a further pronouncement, he said, nobody is to "take it upon himself to speak in terms different from the norms" laid down by Plus XII. - Paul VI's statement came in the course of a 5,000-word dis- course before a group of cardinals on the eve of the feast of St. John Baptist, his baptismal Patron. He took the occasion to re- view the first year of his pontificate. But the bombshell of his discourse was the reference to the birth control controversy and his promise to reveal the find- ings of the current investigation as quickly as possible. For the time being, at least, he demanded adherence to the findings of Plus XII, whom he had served as a collaborator for many years. Pope Plus XII's detailed pronouncements on birth control re- affirmed the Church's condemnation of active interference with the procreative purpose of the marital act. He also reiterated the illegality of direct sterilization--any deliberate attempt, either as an end or as a means, to make procreation impossible. Plus XII did not, however, condemn every act that would bring about sterilization as an undesired effect, such as the sur- gical removal of diseased ovaries. Dealt With Problems of Pill Shortly before he died in 1958, Pope Plus dealt with moral problems connected with pills that prevent ovulation. He described this effect as "temporary sterility." This is a judgment which medical and moral specialists have been closely examining and disputing. Plus stated that the woman who takes such a pill as a neces- sary remedy for an unhealthy uterus or organism, rather than to prevent conception, "provokes indirect sterilization, which is permitted according to the general principles governing acts with a double effect." This traditional distinction of the "double effect" refers to acts using legitimate means and having a licit goal, but which could have a secondary result which would in itself be illicit. Speaking to participants in the seventh International Hemato- logical Congress in Rome whom he granted an audience at Castel Gandolfo Sept. 12, 1958, Pope Plus stated that it would be im- moral to take such a pill if the goal were simply to prevent con- ception. "But a direct, and therefore, illicit, sterilization is provoked (Continued on Page 2) Pope Paul Own Grou CHILDREN 'ADOPT' PRIEST Signing Asks NEA Prays For To Reverse Father Kobayshi Sings of Rights Senator Aid Policy First Mass for Pupils Bill May K e n n e d y 00.W0000vi00IorNGTrOuNp o(Nf C)th-'e B e I u ly 4 BOSTON (NC) w Pope Paul VI pledged prayers for Sen. Edward M. Ken- nedy who suffered severe back injuries in a plane crash at Southhampton, Mass., when en- route to the Massachusetts State Democratic Convention. The Pope's cablegram was received in Boston by Richard Cardinal Cushing. It stated: "Request Your Eminence to transmit the following massage National Education Asso- clarion has recommended pro- ponents of general Federal aid to public elementary and sec- ondary schools abandon their position and work for "cate- gorical" aid for "politically feasible" specific educational objectives. The recommendations were made in a 30-page report issued here by the Educational Poli- cies Commission, which is an advisory group of the NEA and WASHINGTON (NC)w President Johnson is ex- pected to sign the historic civil rights bill into law July 4 with an appeal that forces mobilized in its support stay active to urge compliance with it. The President's anticipated appeal has been foreshadowed in several statements, including some to religious groups which vigorously backed the legisla- to Senator Edward Kennedy: "We are deeply grieved to learn of your airplane acci- dent, and, while expressing sincere sympathies to the families of the deceased for whom we have prayed, we beseech Almighty God for you and the others injured to hasten your return to good health. "For this intention, we im- part our apostolic benediction." Anglican Leader May Visit Pope Paul LONDON (NC) -- Archbishop Michael Ramsey of Canterbury declared that it is "more than likely" that he will visit with Pope Paul VI "in the near future." The Anglican prelate predict- ed the visit in an interview that appeared in the June 12 edition of the Economist, a London weekly. It would be the first visit between the heads of the Catholic and Anglican churches since Dr. Geoffrey Fisher, then Archbishop of Canterbury, met with Pope John XXIII in December, 1961. Dr. Ramsey declared in the interview that the Catholic Church's position on papal in- fallibility and Marian dogmas are still barriers to union with the Anglicans. He said it is possible that someday the Anglican Church may re-establish full ties with Rome if it could keep its married clergy and local cus- toms, much like the eastern churches which are in union with Rome. the American Association o$ S c h o o I Administrators. ,The commission's stand represents a reversal of the strategy of the NEA and the AASA. "In view of the failure of Congress to establish nation- wide Federal aid to education," the commission report said, "and in view of the actual ex- istence of a number of cate- gorical aids, we recommend that educational leadership de- vote immediate and detailed at- tention to the improvement and spread of categorical aids, in order to obtain, to the extent possible, the values previously sought through general aid." In addition, the commission also recommended the estab- lishment of a U.S. department of education on a cabinet level. It said such a depart- ment would give education "a higher status at home and abroad and more direct ac- cess to the executive policy- making machinery." The commission's r e p o r t, "Educational Responsibilities of the Federal Government," it was predicted here, will stir up considerable controversy within the NEA and the AASA. "A candid review of the ac- tual blocks to passage of des- irable legislation reveals that it is not the issue of need or the issue of control that ac- counts for the difficulty in ob- taining Federal action," the commission report said. "The real opposition," it con- tinues, "arises from three is- sues: 1. The issue of public funds directed to church-related schools. 2. The issue of deseg- regation in public schools. 3. The issue of expanded Federal spending." Requiem Sung For Fr. O'Larey M O U N T L A K E TER- attle, following a heart attack. Presiding at the Mass was the Most Reverend Arch- bishop Thomas A. Connolly. His chaplains were Rev. John Egan and Rev. A. L. Leahy. The celebrant was Rev. How- ard Lavelle. Deacon was Rev. William E. Gallagher and sub- deacon was Rev. Anthony Mc- Girl. The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Philip H. Duffy was assistant priest. The Rev. George McLean was master of ceremonies at the Mass and Rev. Stephen Szeman was master of cere- monies at the throne. The met- ropolitan crossbearer was Rev. James McGreal and the pro- FATHER O'LAREY cessional crossbearer was Rev. George McCabe. Present in the sanctuary was the Most Reverend Jo- (Continued on Page 3) RACEuA solemn pontifi- cal requiem Mass was sung Tuesday, June 23, at St. Plus X Church for Rev. Lout- ence O'Larey, 45, pastor of St. Plus, who died Saturday, June 20, at Providence Hospital, Se- tion on its year-long journey through Congress. Only five days before the bill's passage in the Senate, Mr. Johnson told an interfaith group from New York: "Certainly the nation's re- ligious leaders can play a very key role in creating an ............... attitude of compliance when the bill is enacted." After the bill's Senate pas- sage, the Chief Executive com. mented that the measure "will enlist one of the most powerful moral forces of American so- ciety on the side of civil rights --the moral obligation to re- spect and obey the law of the land." The measure, the most sweeping civil rights legislation since the Reconstruction era, passed the Senate June 19 by a 73 to 27 vote after 83 days of debate. Tense galleries broke into applause when the vote tally was announced. The ll-title bipartisan bill outlaws racial and other dis- crimination and c a ! I s for equal opportunities in voting, public accommodations, edu- cation, public facilities and private employment. The measure approved by the Senate is a substitute for A JAPANESE PRIEST, Sacred Heart Father Augustine Hiroshi Kobayshi, offered his the one approved by the House. But it follows the general lines first solemn Mass in Cleveland's Our Lady of Good Counsel Church because the 1,049 of the House bill and House pupils of the parish school adopted him. The children tried to raise enough money to leaders said they will accept bring the priest's parents to the U.S. for his ordination in Fall River, Mass. Failing, the Senate version, confidently they bought the priest a chalice instead. Making the presentation here are David Harden predicting that it will be and Mary Ann Benedict. Father Augustine is a convert from Buddhism. cleared for the President by July 4. Prominent in the ranks of NC Warns School Praye supporters ofthebillwereor- on r ganizatins representing the ha" tion's major churches, aligned in a historic cooperative under- WASHINGTON (NC)-- "The first amendment sop- themselves and provided added taking that saw the develop- Legal Department of the orates Church and State by reason for caution." ment of varied forms of sup- National Catholic Welfare prohibiting establishment of Among the principal Bible port from big interreligious Conference has adopted an at- religion and also by prohibit- reading and prayer proposals rallies to the silent, 24-hour.a- titude of caution and reserve ing government interference was that sponsored by Rap. day vigil maintained by semin- arians near the Lincoln Me- toward the proposed constitu- with the free exercise of re- Frank J. Backer of New mortal here. tional amendment to permit ligion. The government is York, which would provide In Catholic ranks, there was Bible reading and prayers in thus under a constitutional the constitutional amendment strong support for the legisla- the nation's public schools, the obligation to show special re- to permit school p r a y e r. tion from individual prelates spear for the religious liberty Catholic spokesmen took dit- and groups of bishops, such as department's director had ad- of all citizens; forbidden to fernt views in testifying be- those in Michigan, New Mexi- vised, prefer one religion to anoth- fore the committee. No post- co and Pennsylvania. William R. Consedine made er, or to prefer irreligion tion in the controversy was Principal provisions of the the point in a statement sent over religion." taken by the U.S. Catholic bill are: to directors of Catholic bureaus The statement said the House hierarchy. -- Voting: Registrars must of information in dioceses Judiciary Committee hearings "There is too much uncer- apply uniform standards to all conducted by chairman Eman- tainty as to what should be seeking to vote. Rejection of throughout the country, uel Celler of New York, "con- done, let alone the possible el- applicants for minor errors on The statement accompanied tributed to the confusion fect on the existing guaran- their forms is barred. Literacy issuance in pamphlet form of presented by t h e proposals tees," Consedine asserted, tests must be in writing, and a a series of articles written by sixth-grade education is pre- George Reed, associate director sumed enough to make a per- f the department' n the I d I sn literate" Applies nly t prayer and Bible reading case. In To ayls Progress,, Federal elections. Provides The articles were written for means to speed up court litiga- the N.C.W.C. News Service and Family of Vietnam Victim Receives His DFC ................ 2 tion of voting cases. were print ed previously in Monastic Professions at St. Martin's Abbey .... ................ 3 -- Public accommodations: Catholic papers throughout the For Us Sheep (Editorial) ....................................... 4 Discrimination barred in hotels, country. Cuba and the Christian ......................................... 5 motels, restaurants, gasoline stations and places of amuse. "The department continues to 9,828 Volunteer Workers Answer UGN's Call 6 ment if the goods they handle believe the present clauses in ................... the Constitution are of incal- Thirteen Postulants Receive Dominican Habits ................. 7 move in interstate commerce rulable benefit to religion," the The Many Achievements of Tom Kelley ....................... 8 or if local laws purport to re- Consedine statement said. Danes Like Married Priest ..................................... I0 quire segregation.