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Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
June 26, 1903     Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 26, 1903
 

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O A WEEKLY FAMILY NEWSPAPER. VOL. V. NO. 26. SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, JUNE 26, 1903. PRICE FIVE CENTS. "AFRICAN MISSIONS, MISSIONARY LIFE AMONG THE INHABITANTS OF CENTRAL' AFRICA AS XPERIENCED BY THE WHITE FATHERS AND WHITE SISTERS. Portion of a Letter from a Missionary Sister of Our Lady of Africa--Visit to the Hospital--a very Busy Life. Concluded from last week. NE day in May, 1901,two of the principal Catholic chiefs came and offered to the Bishop three girls to be consecrated to God. Katikiro brought Anzera and Anna, hisdaughter and his niece, and K alma chief of the Mawohoba his daughter Eliza. TheBishop proposed to us then that we start the work of the catechist sisters planned a long . time before; and, out of a large num- ber of aspirants, he chose twelve to be- come the first members of our black novitiate. The fervor in this little cen- aole is very gret. How excellent the dispositions of the novices are,this let- ter addressed by one of them to tile Superior General of our Order will show : To my Mother Superior in Europe. "How have you passed the'day, my Mother Superior ? , "I am going to tell you the news of Buganda. Itis great trouble for us to make those read who have commenced to read in the book. There are a good many of them. And the little child- ten who have not yet received com- munion, there are a good many of them, too. Indeed, my mother, we have a good deal of ˘rouble. "We have beentwo years with Ba. bikira; we like them very much. But before, my mother, we had a good deal of trouble. Have pity on us, give us many Babikira. My Mother, have pity on us, so that they will not let us be separated from them and send us alone into tile villages. We ask you to pray much for us, my Mother, beeause we o not know enough to teach, and we will not .have the strength to do great labor un- less you pray for ns. PIay that God may lift up our hearts and strengthen them, because Go,l can, with your ' prayers, give us strength to work. My Mother, I have told you the news of Buganda. We would like to do this above everything,, to stay with the Babikara, but I am willing to go where God wishes, I do not care where. "I wll tell you, now, of tim trouble vhioh I have because my parents do not pray in the religion of truth. Pray for them, my Mother. When God performs this miracle I will write you the news. My heart is sad be- ' cause I cannot see you and speak to you. If we could all go to see you, but our hearts can travel faster than our dull bodies and they go to you. You know that we have only begun to learn tile religious life. Have pity on us, my Mother. Pray for me my Mother, that I may receive strength to obey well. I have finished. Good bye. May God guard you, and may Mary, our Mother, guard you, and maySt. Joseph and the Angel Guard- ian guard you I" I. Mayjra. Classes do not take up the entire day of a missionary SisteI iu Uganda. ' Before fininshing our journey it re- ' mains for us to seethe hospital. The building which we had at first, upon our arrival at Roubagaa'little hut dt. of reedwas transformed a few months later into a hospital of ten beds. Round about the mainbuHding nnd separated from it [we have had a namber of huts constructed. For our edification let us approa0h that old woman whom We see before us. Veronica is the oldest patient in our hospital. She is covered with sores cud suffers a continuous mart'yr- dora. Whenever the ulcers close the internal pains increase in intensity. Yet she never.eomplaius and all day long and a great part of the night Ver- onica prays for the conversion of tim pagans. We attribue to her prayers md to the sufferings which she bears so patiently tile graces which are be- stowed upon a large number of souls. I will tell you how little Bivaiga here came to be bal:tized. Her illnesscom- menced with a fever whicll resisted all remedies thou a sort of lethargy took possession of the little sufferer; at this ".fearing for her life we adminis- ered to her tile BaeraInent of Baptism. The child appeared to revive for.'a few hours but soon fell into a profouud sleep. Tiffs strange sickness is ire- quent, it appears, among the negros; it takes the form of a deep sleep often unbroken for many months some- times, even, ttmy say, for years, and it always ends in death. The story of that child yonder, so terribly burned, is a very sad one indeed. He is a catechumen, a pupil of tile Fathers ins parents are pagans. One day his father, furious at not being able to prevent him from praying, caugllt him up, bound him to a wicker gate and placed him over a fire. The cries of the unllappy child attracted he at- tention of his mother Who released him. Then the little martyr dragged himself along the ground until lie came to the missionaries, who, seeing his condition and fearing a fatal re- mit from Ilia burns, baptized him and carried him to tile hospital fol treat- ment. Now, having finished our visit let us return to our dwelling by way of the dispensary a place much frequent- ed, though at this hour there are not so many about as usual. Yet what is this gathering _'which comes forward to meet us? Two or three rpersons separate themselves from tbe main body and stepping forward salute us respectfully. "We have learned" says tie spokes- man "that this is the day on which you entered into the big boat,"It is in fact the tenth of June the ann}ver- sary of our embarkation at Marseilles. --"This is the day on which you set out to come to us. Blessed be the dayl" Titan all cry "Thanks be to God, praise] to God who sent you herel" And compliments and flowers are howered upon us from all sides, m . You may conclude from what has been said above that there is plenty of work for us to do in Uganda. Our days are well oeeipied at the mission with our elasaes and with the care of the sick at the hospital .and dispen- CARDINAL =,. influenco:on English thought had been very great. His eloquence, eom- VAUG-HAN DIES bined with a dignified and comlnand- ing presence, made him a personal power with:all whom lie met, and his HEAD OF THE CHURCH IN :ENG- published writings are numerous. LAND PASSES AWAY AFTER A As the proprietor of thTablet, a MOST SUCCERSFUL CAREER newspaper, and the Dublin Review, AS A GHURCHMAN AND G1T- he had wide infiuenbe apart from his IZEN. priestly office• Under his leadership i the Catholic Church made many eon- Gardinal Vaughan, Archbishop of verts from the high church element of Westminster, Calmly Prepared for the End he knew was nigh as a .Christian and Businessman. ONDON, June 20.Very Rev. Herbert Vaughan, cardinal and archbishop of Westminster, after an illness :: of three monttls, due to heart disease and dropsy, died at midnight last night. His death was peaceful, and in a sense unexpected, as it was thought that be was rallying from the combination of diseases which had afflicted him since last Maxch. ' Though the end was sudden, Cardi- nal Vaughan had made every prepara- tion in his ecclesiastical affairs. Thursday lie appeared in the full robes of his office in tile ellapal of St. Joseph's College, which he founded, and made a farewell address to his bishops and priests. Yesterday he was wheeled iu a bath ehair about the corridors ot the college. The carainal was thought to .be near death late in Maroli, since which time lie had been in feeble health, gradual- ly stoking, yet rallying.at times. He i was in his seventy-second year. His I body will lie in state in tile cathedral at Westminster, and will be buried in St. Joseph's Church. CAREER IN THE CHURCH,' His Eminene, Herbert Vauhan cardinal, D. D. and archbishop of Westminster, had been the head of tile church of Rome in England since the death of his great predecessor, Cardi- nal Manning, in lg92. He came from a family that was on of the most an- cient and honorable of the realm, and bad been noted for its stanch devotion to the Catholic church since the days of Henry the VIII. Cardinal Vaughan was born at Gloucester, April 15, 1832. He was i the eldest son of lhe late Lieutenant Colonel Vaughn of Courtfield, Her- fordshire, and the first of six sons of his parents to enter the prieshood. His education was received at Stony: hurst College, Lancastfire, on the con- sary; nevertheless we cannot neglect a work so important as that of visit. ing the neighboring people for it is in tinent, and at Rome, where lie entered this'.way alone tiler we can reach a the Academia die Nolnli Eeclesiasti- of. At the age of 22 tile future archbishop was ordained a priest at Lucca. Returning to EngJand he be- came a member of the Oblates of St. Charles, an order of secular priests founded at Bayswater by Cardinal great many young people who would not come to us unless we first made tdvances to them, Tills morning then after mass hav- ing received the blessing of ,'our be- loved Vicar Apostolic three of us set THE CHURCH act of the Spanish government led to a tu'otraeted controversy between N CUI Spain andtheHolySee, thefimlout- ' I , come of which was embodied in [the Concordat, p:blished in.1861, in which instrument it as agreed in effect REPORT OF GENERAL WOOD AS with Spain that the properties which EVIDENCE THAT THE CHURCH had been sold should be dropped from consideration, and those which could IS  FAIRLY DEALT WITH BY ne returned to the Hmreh should be, TIE GOVERNMENT. and that those which had been put to secular uses, and were needea by tim government should pay a rental there- An Interesting Review of the Settle- for, which amounted practically to an ment of Church Claims In the out for the village of Buddg. A number of pupils from our school accompanied us for this is the cus- tom of the country. Respectable peo- ple ought always to have a "'suite" therefore on our journeys we take with us two novices and at the veIy least ten young girls from tlie school who are delighted to be of tile party. At length we have crossed the marsh • r - t wlthoutaooIden. Upon the other side we met witti an old negro wile is hoeing a patch of potatoes and ad- dress him thus: "Good day my friend what is your name ?' ' "Godni" lie replies which means "I im called So.and-So." "Don't you want to*ell us your name?" we.ask in surprise. "I have forgotten it" is the answer. the Anglican church. Perhaps tile most important of Cardinal Vaughan's public utterances Was delivered in September, 1897, on the occasion of the celebration of the thirteenth oentennary anniversary of the |andlng of St. Augustine and his monks at Ebbsfleet. His emphasis of what he declared to he"the divine purpose of visible unity amongst Christians as a fact of revelation" ex- cited much interest all over the world, and drew attention to the movement toward Rome iu England. During the events leading up to war between the United States and Spain lie had the collect of peace said in all ;lie churches under his control, and wheu the outbreak of hostilitioJ came his voice was raised iu disapproval of zloodshed. Tile late cardinal took a prominent part in the movement for a moral alliance between the United States and Great Britain. "The world, ' lie said, "is governed by ideas and, tile race which is domi- nant in tlmse two great :oountries represents the spirit and the da which wlll be the greatest advantage to humanity. Their joint influence would work toward wide peace and the spread of the gospel in all lands." ...... I|SHOP CHATARD. " 1 Silver Jubilee of the First Prelst(o Appointed by Pope Leo XIII, The second oldest suffragan bishop of the Cincinnati provluce, the Right Rev. F. S. Chatard, D. D., of Indian- apolls, Ind., celebrated on May 12 his silver episcopal Jubilee. Archbishop Elder, Bishop Moeller and all the bish- ops of the province attended the cele- bration, and many noted churchmen from all parts f the United Staten in attendance. Bishop Chatard enjoys the distlnetion of being thetrst bishop appointed by Pope Leo XIII. and his silver Jubilee therefore fol- lowed closely on'that of the pope. Bishop Chatard is a native of Baltt. more, where he was born Dec. 13, 1834. Hailing from a family of physicians, he, too, became a member of the med- Ical fraternity, but in 1857 he resolved to study for the priesthood and went to Rome, where he completed his priestly studies and was ordained in 1862 at the Church of St. John Lateran by Cardinal Patrlzzl. Shortly after his ordination he was made vlce rector of the American college at Rome, and on the consecration of Dr. McCloskey, the rector, as bishop of Louisville, Dr. Chatard was made rector and presided over that celebrated institution for teu Manning. Thence he was sent to St. years. In 1878 he was appointed blsh- Edmund's College, near Wase, of op of Vincennes, Ind., and on May 12 which Je was vice president until ef the same year he was consecrated In Rome In the church of the Amgrican 1862, when lie became a special repre- college. On his arrival In this country sentative of the church to gather he took up his episcopal residence at fudns for the foundation of a mission- Indianapolis, which is now the epis- cry college. On this errand lie visit- copal see instead of Vincennes, where his predecessors resided• Three years ed the United States in 1868. In 1869 ago Bishop Chatard applied to Rome he founded the institution so dear to for an auxiliary bishop, and since then his heart iu his last days, St. Joseph's Bishop Denis O'Donaghue shares the Foreign !Missionary College, at Mill duties of his office. The diocese of In- dianapolis numbers 196 priests, 179 Hill, in Middlesex. Toward the close churches, 100 parish schools and has a of 187l lie accompanied to Maryland Catholic population of 104,495. the fisrt detachment of "priests sent from St. Joseph's College to the he- Wrlnlty Collee. Trinity college, Washington, is the groes of the United States. only Catholic collelfe for women In ] Ou the death of Bishop Turner the the United States, and though its per- [ futare Cardinal Vaughan was made tals were only opened in 1899 the] bishop of Salford, being consecrated attendance from all over the country i Oct. 28, 1872. While bishop of Sal- has been so large that plans for a new ford he published a series of letters dormitory have been made and it Is to be in readiness for the opening of the It is evident from this that we have which made aim prominent in the fall session. Trinity ls in Charge of the crusade against intemperance, the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur, and met a pagan; those' poor people are movement for rescue work among its professors and instructors are grad- ashamed of their names which are children and the 0ause of commercial uates of the best American and Eu- often ridiculous as it is the custom of education. In the interest of the last ropean universities, while the require- ments for entrance are more severe the country tocall a child by tm first named object he built St Bede's col- than Wellesley, Smith or Vassar ex- words spoken by the mother after its birth. We finally found out:that the lege. act. Many scliolarshlps have been man to whom we had spoken was The appointment of Bishop Vaugh- founded by private citizens and the Catholic women of the country have named "Food-to-Eat." an as archbishop of Westminster, the taken such au interest in the success "Your name is not pretty" one of most important see in England, dour- of the institution that scholarships :ed March 29, 1895, by tile pope on have been founded by the women of us said to him "but your garden is. recommendation of tile propaganda. Chicago, St. Louis, Boston, Albany and Providence, and now a number of the I congratulate you on your garden." Iu January, 1893, came the crowning energetic Catholic women of Brooklyn And Food to Eat replied: honor of .=the cardinalship, for which have organized for the pmllose of "In my turn I congratulate you." Archbishop Vaughan was summoned founding a scholarship in perpetuity This is the customary form of salu- to Rome, where he was treated with for Brooklyn students exclusively.- teflon iu Uganda. great distinction. Cardinal Vaugh- Brooklyn Eagle. Continued on Pge Two Islaud of Cuba• HE several dispathes that flare appeared in the Ameri- can press during the pat few weeks on the subject of au alleged programme of restrictive measures to be directed against the Church by tile present government of Cuba have not been inspired by a feel-! ins friendly to auy of the interests in- volved. And even if we admit the good faith of the agencies engaged in the dissemination of this "news," we cannot acquit them of a failure to properly weigh 'incidents tllat serve only to air the views of a few-individ- uals and have no special significance as far as the. general policy of the Government is concerned. . First as the statement that the question of church property, which was settled between General Wood an Bishop Sbarretti, is to be reopen- ed, there is not the least fear of any untoward action by the present Gov- ernment. In this connection there has just appeared the civil report of 1901 of Brigadier General Leonard Wood, military governor of Cuba, on the subject of e,urch property. It is a plain statement of plain facts and reflects tim general iairness with which our late military overnor ap- proaoled all religious questions iu the island. As to the resolution introucdced in tile Hous ot Represntatives of Cuba.' making it obligatory upon priests and monks to attire themselves in public in civil dress it is only one of the legion of wild projects presented in the same house. The resolution was merely read in the house over the signatures of five radical members who covet no- toriety at all hazard. The subject never came up for diosussion. Like so many other bills, it is filed away without ever having been taken seriously :by the members who pre- sented it. An amusing lecture of a bill pre- sented by St. Castellanes, and dwelt amount and allowance for the maiu. tenanoe 6f worship This sum was re- gularly paid in Cuba by the state to the Church, and from the time of the Concordat to the date of th American occupation tiffs amounted in round numbers to approximately twenty million dollars. Upon the establish- Inent of American intervention ay- ments to tile Church for the use of these properties ceased, but the prop- erty continued to be in the possession of and devqted to the uses of the government. The claim of the Church was cmioretely: "Either give us back our property, or pay us for the use of it." Afte considerable discussion and xtended investigation, it was apl:a- rent that the claims of tile Church were just and reasonable, and that it was incumbent upon tim military government to take such steps as was necessary to recognize the rights of the Church and to deal with it equita- bly and fairly. _With this end ill view tile judicial commissioners referred to the report of 1900 were established, and upon the reports submitted by them a basis of agreement was estab- lished. The military governor and the Bish- op of Havana, representing respec- tively the government of intervention the Roman Catholic Church and its various orders, past andIpresent by the judicial commissions. These properties consisted of real property, such as lauds and buildings, in various parts of the islands, and ,"eensos,"or mortgages, and "eapella- nias,"a type of religious mortgage placed upon property to payLfor i masses and religious observances for the dead. These latter mortgages i were fusually in perpetuity. It may be said that in certain sections of the island properties were literally cover- ed with timm. After protracted dis- cussions, the Bishop of Havana and the military governor came to an agreement as to the value of tile real property ofthe Otmroh in the Bishopric of Havana. The nominal value of the "ceases ' and mortgages was, of oourae, apparent, '_but there was-con- siderable difficulty in coming to a basis of agreemen as to their real value. This, however, was finally aeeomplisimd, and amounted to an ac- ceptance of approximately thirty-six cents on tim dollar, an agreement which is believed to be to tim advan- tage of the State, as many of these mortgages were secured by property in Havana, and in other prosperous towns in the vicinity. upon in the press dispatches, was a Tile teal property consisted principal- resolution which aimed to prohibit the ly Of some large public buildings and taking of vows in convents. The wording oi the resolution was so rude that it was equally prohibitive of mar- riage. The :papers are not slow iu holding up the whole project to ridi- cule, partiularly as we are ia a caun- try where no divorce is recognized by law. I do not believe there exists any real antagonism between the Catholic Church and the people of Cuba. They are indeed Catholic or nothing. Geuoral Wood's Report. The report of General Wood on the question of Church property is so fair in spirit and so informing as to facts that it deserves the widest possible publication by tile Catholic press of the United States. The first thought it suggests is one of regret that the United States representative entrusted with the settlement of similar prob- lems in the Philippines did not ap- 3recoil their task with tim same dis position. Following is tile report: The question involved in the settle- ment of property belonging to the re- ligious orders of the Roman Catholic Church was referred to in the report of 1900. Thin matter has been con- tinued during tile present year,1901, and pratieally concluded. The whole question of Church property in ˘uba is briefly stated as follows: In the period between 1887-41 Spain secular. ized in her various possessions a great portion of the property belonging to the vaIious religious orders of the Roman Catholic Church.' This act affected the church property in Cuba. At the same time of the secularization tile government of Spain directed her governors general on seizing this prop- erty to seize all titles thereto, conse- quently the question of settlement was made much more difficult. This land in the vicinity of Havana. ]:he value thereof was appraised by expert appraisers. This agreement was etmbodied in a formal document, in which the State was guaranteed an option ,to buy the real property at the valueagreed upon at any time within five years.'from the date of tke agreement;and until such time as the State should buy, it was agreed that it should pay an annual rental at tile rate of five per cent. on the accepted value of the property which the government retained tile use of. The "oensas"and "oapallani- as" were bought outright for approx- imately thirty-six per cent. of tlieir nominal value. The Church was also omnpensated for the use of tile prop- ety from the date of the occupation to the date of the signing of tile agreement. This settled definitely for all time the much disputed question of chuerh property in tile I;isopio of I consider this settlement of the question of church property as most important, and one which will remove irom the coming,Cuban government a great and fruitful source of annoyance. The position of the Roman Catholic Curheh iu Cuba during the American occupation has, to a certain extent, been a trying one, as it found itself under entirely new conditions incident to the severance of those relations whieh had formerly existed in Cuba between Church and State. The at. titude of the Church, i however, has been one of eo-operation with le mil- itary government in the work it has to perform in Cuba, and the relations existing bare always been harmon° ious and ',.riendly.Havana cortes. pondence to The Standard and Times. Joseph Maekle, a student of St. Francis Xavier's college, Livelpool, has gained the Christopher Bushell scholarship at University college, of the value of $200 for three years, opeu to eandidates of not more than eighteen years ofage. The scholar- ship was gained on classical subjects.