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June 21, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 21, 1963

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,2THE PROGRESS Fr;clay, June 21, 1963 These Cardinals Are Among 80 At Conclave here are 82 members in the College of Cardinals entitled to vote for a Pope to succeed Pope John XXIII. However, only 80 were expected at the con- clave which opened Wednesday, June 19. The two cardinals not attending were Cardinal Mindszenty, who has been in the United States legation in Budapest since the Hungarian revolt was suppressed in 1956, and Cardinal De La Torre, 66, of Quite, Ecuador, who is ill. The cardinals and their, aids locked themselves in the carefully-sealed area of the Apostolic Palace ,which they will not leave un.ti! allew Pontiff is chosen. Members of the Sacred College who are pictured have been promtnent in Church affairs, some of them for many years. A number have taken an active part in the recent ecumenical council, All probably will figure in the "favorite son" aspect of the election if there is such in a papal conclave. CARDINAL AGAGIANIAN REGORIO Cardinal Agagianian is a man with many missions. As" prefect of the Sacred Congrega- tion for the Propagation of the Faith, he is responsible for some 750 mission jurisdictions in the world totaling more than 40 million Catholics. An accomplished linguist, the Armenian prelate has visited the United States several times, C a n a d a, Ireland, Indonesia, Burma, C e y I o n, Australia, Japan, Korea, Thailand, the Philippines, Hong Kong, For- mosa and Kenya. Cardinal Agagianian was born September 18, 1895 at Athalt- sikhe, a small village in the province of Tiflis in Georgia, near the Turkish border. He was christened Lazarus. CARDINAL ANTONIUTTI olding posts in China, Portugal, Albania, Canada and Spai,n, Ilde- brando Cardinal Antoniutti is a 64-year-old Italian prelate who has served in the Holy See's diplomatic corps from 1927 to 1962. Since being named by Pope John XXIII as a cardinal in February, 1962, he has been a member of the Vatican admin- istrative staff, serving on four congregations. A tall, thin prelate, with a command of several languages including English, the Cardinal has a reputation for gentle- ness, brilliance and adminis- trative ability. The prelate was born at Nimis in the northeastern It- alian province of Udine, August 3, 1898. CARDINAL CASTALDO A RESTLESS builder of churches and schools, Alfonso Cardinal Castaldo, Archbishop of Naples, is determined to have the Church help raise living con- ditions in Italy's depressed south. In !934, when he was named a bishop, he chose to dramatize his intention by putting on his coat of arms an illustration of the sea in motion, an image clearly understood by Neopoli- tans who know the constant pounding of the sea against the shore. "He shall neither sleep nor rest," proclaims the motto. Born in Casoria November 6, 1890. Alfonso Castaldo's par- ents were Aniello and lVlarianna Crispino Castaldo. A VETERAN Italian diplomat, Amleto Cardinal Cicognani helped the Church in the United States meet the demands of its period of greatest growth and then jerved Pope John as his closest collaborator. Cardinal Cicognani was chosen in 196! by the Pope as his See. retary of State and the almost b r o t h e r I y relationship that sprang up between the Pontiff and his "other self" was vividly dramatized at Pops John's death. The future Secretary of State was born February 24, 1683, in Brisighella, Italy, the son of Guglielmo and Ann (Ceroni) Cicognani. His older brother-- late Gaetano Cardinal Cicogn- ant was Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites. CARDINAL CICOGNANI RUSTED associate of popes since before he was 30, Carlo Cardinal Confalonieri knows the work- ings of the Church from every angle. Under Pope John XXIII, who named him a cardinal Decem- ber 15, 1958, six weeks after his own coronation, no other cardinal save Amleto Cardinal Cicognani, the Secretary of State, served on more of the governing congregations and commissions of the Holy See. And as with Cardinal Cicog- n a n i, Cardinal Confalonieri's case adhered to the old law of management -- a job well done begets not a vacation, but more work. CARDINAL CONFALONIERI ELIGHTED at the "real live Indians in the American Southwest, Giuseppe Cardinal Ferretto is a scholar who has lived all of his 64 years virtually in the shadow of St. Peter's. Although the youngest of the Cardinals of Rome, he out- ranks most of them. This is be- cause he is one of the six members of the order of cardi- nal bishops. Cardinal Ferretto was born in Rome March 9, 1899. He was ordained in the Lateran arch- basilica February 24, 1923, by Basilio Cardinal Pompili, Pope Pius XI's Vicar General for Rome. Pope Plus entrusted him with the work of editing his apostolic constitution "Exsul Familia" which dealt especially with religious assistance to migrants. CARDINAL FERRETTO FREM Cardinal Forni joined the Vatican's administrative s t a f f in 1962 after spending nearly 41 years in the diplomatic serv- ice, most of them in Ecuador. A native of Milan, Italy, he spent the first eight years of his" priestly career as a semi- nary teacher, then entered the H o 1 y See's diplomatic corps and served in addition, to Ecuador, in Portugal France and Belgium. He was named to the Sac- red College of Cardinals by Pope John XXIII February 19, 1962. He went to Rome and became a member of three congregations: Consist- orial, Council and Extraordi- nary Eccesiastical Affairs. Cardinal Forni was born in Milan, January 10, 1889. CARDINAL FORNI CARDINAL KOENI@  DATED as, one of the : :l Churchs greatest canon lawyers of modem :imes, Francesco Cardinal R0- berti officiates in the Vatican's hih: sit s court. ' Prefect of the Sacred Tribunal of the Apostolic Signa- ture. This court has jurisdiction over certain matters arising .from the Sacred Roman Rote, decides jurisdictions a m o n g lower tribunals, deals with legal 7:, matters pertaining to Vatican :.iCity and handles some concor- ;!: dat, , . ? Cardinal Roberfi has devoted 41 half-century of his life to the :?$tudy, teaching and practice of : canon law. : He was born July 7, 1889 in :Pergola, an Italian town about 40 miles south of the Republic of San Marine. :/:(.-: : CARDINAL TUTA .;;:Im, has been a figure i: ::.: closely identified with ec, !iclestastical Rome and Catho- :!llc prolects undertaken in the E Eternal City since 1936, :; The principal ordaining Bish- :': op of Rome for nearly 25 years, ! ,tlie Cardinal estimates that he has ordained more than 2,500 -4 . , e "iprlests, including hundr ds of :,iprests from the United States. :.' From 1936 until he was "'!named to the Sacred College .i of Cardinalsin 1960, he served ::: U Vicegerent :of Rome, assist- ::!:: lag 'ihite administatlon of the "i:, diocese: - .ii:: Born April 3, 1695, in AI- ! o' near Rome, he was or- .: dained for the D i o e e s of :':!.Rome, August 10, 1917. He wal Tene of seven churchmen to be ?'. elevated March 28, 1960. A B t b 1 i c a 1 scholar, !::: : ii:i:i:iii:i!il teacher, author and ':': ::: .......... ::::' ., ! a linguist a com- mand of Asian and most European languages, the career i" of Franziskus Cardinal Koenig has been marked by his special interest in the problems of workers and youth. Son of a devout Catholic farm family, the Archbishop of Vienna has won wide pop- ::::ii:iii,. ularity. : 'I Cardinal Koenig was born in Rabenstein in Lower Austria August 3, 1905. He was ordain- ed in Rome October 27, 1933. During the war, he taught religion at the Sankt Poelten high school, headed the dio- cesan youth organization, and was chaplain of University of Vienna students and prisoners of war. CARDINAL LERCARO A NOTED pastor and administrator, H i s Eminence Ernesto Car- dinal Ruffini, Archbishop of Palermo since December, 1945, nevertheless is probably best known as a scholar and teach- er of biblical and scriptural science. From 1913 to 1930 he served as a professor in two Roman universities, where he became the teacher and friend of many American prelates and priests. He served as Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Semi- naries and Universities during which time he was the author of a constitution reforming Catholic higher education. Cardinal Ruffini was born January 19, 1888, in the vil- lage of San Benedetto Po, near Mantua in the Po Val- CARDINAL ROBERTI Icy region of northern Italy. A VETERAN Vatican diplomat, Gustavo Cardinal Testa was named in 1962 to head the Sacred,Con- gregation for the 0 r i e n t a I Church, a post in which' he. has made extensive use of first hand knowledge of e a s t e r n rites ga!ned in the Middle East. As a Latin Rite prelate, he directs a congregation which handles all matters pertaining to the persons, discipline and distinc- tive rites of Eastern Catholi- cism. Gustavo Testa was born in Boltiere in the Diocese of Ber- gamo, July 18, 1886, the young- eat of four children. He was ordained October 28, 1910. Cardinal Testa was named prefect of the Oriental Church congregation August 2, 1962. CARDINAL TRAGLIA CARDINAL TISSERANT he first episcopal ap- pointment of Pope J o h n XXIII November 11, 1958, was the transfer of Archbishop Giovanni Urbani from the Diocese of Verone to the Patriarchate of Venice. Six days later the new Patriarch was named a cardinal. For Cardinal Urbani his appointment as Patriarch of Venice was a homecoming. He was born in Venice March 26, 1900. "In September 1922, he was ordained by Pietro Car- dinal La Fontaine, then patri- arch of Venice. He set forth a moral code to guide persons working in the film medium, and urged Catholics to work for Euro- pean unity, saying that they are called "to become con- scious and active citizens of this Europe." CHOLAR, teacher, lit- urgist, former mili- tary chaplain, skilled or- ganizer, helper of the wartime anti-Fascist underground and implacable foe of Communism, His Eminence Giacomo Cardi- nal Lercaro, Archbishop of Bologna, is perhaps best known for going out to his people. He is known as a man of proverbial c h a r i t y who has turned the best quarters of his residence in Bologna into dor- mitories, study halls and rec- reation rooms ,to provide a home for orphmi boys. His personal' r e I i e f office, manned by volunteers, is al- ways open. Born at Quinto al Mare, in the Archdiocese of Genoa, Oc- tober 28, 1891, the Cardinal was ordained July 23, 1914. CARDINAL RUFFINI "n exemplary priest, a savant among the elite!" This tribute was paid Eugen Cardinal Tisserant in 1932 by Pope Plus XI when the then Monsignor was celebrating his 25th jubilee as a priest. Cardinal Tisserant visited the United States in 1927 and 1933, and returned in 1950 as the guest of the Society of St. Edmund of which he is the protector. Born March 24, 1884 in Nacy, France, where he was ordained August 4, 1907, he has devoted almost his entire life to the study of Oriental culture. But he combined scholarship with a profound grasp of contemp- orary social problems. 00i!!ii00iiiii CARDINAL URBANI CARDINAL MARELLA HE "Soup Bishop" and "l'Americano" are two of the titles won by Gui- seppe Cardinal Siri in a career marked by heavy responsibili- ties and high honors at unusual- ly early ages. A priest at 22, theology pro- fessor at 24, and bishop at 37, he was only 46 when he was created a cardinal in January, 1953, and became the then youngest member of the Sacred College. He was ordained in September, 1928. Cardinal Siri, Archbishop of Genoa, was born May 20, 190, in Genoa. The son of working class parents, he decided at an early age to study for the priest- hood and entered the seminary in his native city in 1916 when he was I0. pAOLO Cardinal Mar- /ella Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of the Basilica of St. Peter, is a 68-year-old Roman who has spent 35 years in the Church's diplomatic service as a member of the central administrative staff at the Vatican. In 1948, he was appointed Apostolic Delegate to Australia, New Zealand and Oceania, mak- ing him the Pope's personal representative to the Church spread over thousands of miles of the South Pacific. His diplomatic career .was capped in 1953 when he was called back to Europe and named Apostolic Nuncio to France. During the war, the Arch- bishop helped many foreign in- ternees. CARDINAL SIRI CARDINAL MONTINI eo Cardinal Suenens, known to the outside world mainly by his writ- ings, has served recently as an interpreter in public of the encyclical Pacem in Terris. The Archbishop of Maline- Brussels and Primate of Bel- gium represented the late Pope John XXIII in May, 1963, at the annual meeting in New York of the U.S. Committee for the United Nations. His purpose was to outline and ex- plain to the committee, com- posed of 135 national organiza- tions, the peace encyclical of John XXIII. Born in Ixelles, a suburb of Brussels, July 16, 1904, he was ordained September 4, 1927, in Brussels. He served as vice rector of the Catholic Univer- sity of Louvain during the diffi- cult war years. IOVANNI Cardinal Montini, a veteran of some 30 years' service in the Vatican Secretariat oft State, has made his voice heard ! in behalf of the Church on many fronts since his appointment as head of the Milan archdiocese in 1954. Cardinal Montini has achieved wide recognition for his unre- lenting battle against Commu- nism. This has, to some extent, put in the shadow his activity as a builder of churches, his out- standing Work in b eh a I fofl Italian Catholic Action, his ef- forts toward the attainment of Christian unity. A native of Concesio, located on the outskirts of Brescia, Cardinal Montini was born Sep- tember 26, 1897. He was or- dained May 29, 1920. CARDINAL SUENENS Balloting For New ,Pope In Progress (Continued from Page 1) of this hall, facing St. Peter's Square, the new Pope will give his first public bless- ing. Always associated wi t h a conclave is the stove that sends out the' signal of a decisive vote, the white smoke accom- panying the burning of ballots. It will have some help this time in sending up black smoke after an unsuccessful balloting. A plastic substance is ready, along with the tra- ditional straw, to insure a rich black smoke when the votes are inconclusive. At the last conclave a ballots-p 1 u s-straw fire sent up a signal that was widely misinterpreted. Another precaution taken out of the experience of the 1958 voting is the new safeguard for the stovepipe. It has been wrapped in asbestos to elimi- nate any danger from over- heating. Next to the stove is a set of fire irons painted silver and a silver-painted bin of three compartments -- two of which hold straw and he third old copies of L'Osservatore Re- mane, Vatican City daily news- paper. A third receptacle stands by empty, probably for the chemicals to make incon- clusive ballots give off smoke that is unmistakably black. Canopies in Purple The canopies above the 82 chairs for the cardinals are in deep purple, as are the wall hangings behind the chairs and U.S. Cardinals Attending Papal Conclave THE FIVE U.S. Cardinals are shown in Vatican City before the opening, June 19, of the 79th Conclave to elect a new pope, the successor to the late Pope John XXIII. Left to right: Their Eminences Albert Cardinal Meyer, Archbishop of Chicago; Richard Cardinal Cushing, Archbishop of Boston; Francis Cardinal Spellman, Archbishop of New York; Joseph Cardinal Ritter, Archbishop of St. Louis; and James Francis Cardinal Mo Intyre, Archbishop of Los Angeles. (NC Photos) the coverings of the desks that stand before each chair. Fifteen overhead lights have been installed for the conclave. In the cardinals' dining room, armor is piled up in the corners and between the tall, small-p a n e d windows. Busts of Popes Alexander VII and Leo XIII watch the cardinals at their meals. '1930 Modern' In many of the rooms, me- dieval chests that would prob- ably fetch a fancy price on Italy's active antique market are side by side with cheap veneer wardrobes of a style best described as "1930 mod- ern." A room that is comfortable by conclave standards was re. served for Jozsef Cardinal Mindszenty, Primate of Hun- gary, even though it was known that he would not be able to take part in the elec- tion of the new pope.