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Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 21, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 21, 1963

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Bible Ruling Spurs New Controversy High Court Upholds Adventist's Right To Compensation .... WASHINGTON, June 17 (NC) -- The U. S. Supreme Court's ruling to bar devotional Bible read- ing and recitation of the Lord's Prayer from public schools has set off a new controversy throughout the nation. Observers had said months ago that the decision would be the most hotly debated since the school desegr:.tion ruli,ngs of 1954. The practices of Bible reading and recitation of the Lord's Prayer in public schools and the laws re- quiring them are "unconstitutional under the Estab- Headlines and Deadlines: Now It's A Russian Woman! By Jim Knudsen (Dr. George N. Kramer is on vacation) Well, the Russians have done it again. Yes sir, the first woman in space! It was to be expected. Those Reds are sharp! So far we haven't even sent up a female of any variety. Even the chimps were boys. Mr. Khrushchev was reported to be "joyful." Two days before, when the man was orbited, he was "jubilant." In between flights the prop- aganda mill in Moscow had ground out the statement that space flights "are as ordinary to us as trolley rides..." Mr. Khrushchev's overwhelm- ing glee might indicate that there must be uncertainties even to trolley riding in the Soviet. Exactly what is proved by sending up the lady astronaut is something else again. She is not a pilot. She is a parachute jumper. This particular skill is of little use if it becomes neces- sary to guide the space ship back into the atmosphere as our astronaut C.0oper did last month. Lieutenant Valentine Teresh- kova seems to have been sent up for just one reason--prop- aganda. Her biography was all pre- pared. She had been a member of various Communist youth organizations during her child- hood and is now a full-fledged adult Communist. She was shot into an orbit that came quite close to the then-orbiting Lt. Col. Valeery Bykovsky. She came so close to his ship that many scientists in this country were convinced that the Russians were going to accomplish another space first: the link-up of two space ships. It never came off, however, if it had been planned. There is only one other theory that explains the nearness of Valentlna's ship to Lt. Col. Bykovsky. It's getting so that the Russians don't send any- body out of the country without sending somebody else along to see that they come back. AetuallyValentina had been blasted into space under a pseudonym. They had been calling the woman cosmonaut "Ludmilla," in all the ad- (Continued on Page 5) lishment Clause" of the First Amendment and violate the "wholesome 'neutrality'" o f the State toward religion, the Court held June 17 in an opinion by Justice Tom C. Clark. In a separate ruling the same day, the high court up- held the right of a Seventh Day Adventist woman to re- ceive state unemployment com- pensation even though she re- fused, on religious grounds, to work on Saturday. To deny her the money, the court s aid, infringed her religious liberty without there being any compelling state interest to justify such in- fringement. Only Justice Potter Stewart dissented from the ruling on public school prayer and Bible reading, which applied im- mediately to schools in Mary- land and Pennsylvania. But it was evident that the issue had stirred soul-searching among many of the other members of the court. Five Separate Opinions The justices wrote five separate opinions totaling 121 pages and used such phrases as "elusive", "delicate" and a "most difficult and sensitive task" in reaching their con- clusions about the relations that should prevail between religion and the state in Amer- ica. Justice Clark, in a key pass- age of his 23-page majority opinion, s aid the "test" of whether a law violates the Con- stftution's ban on an establish- ment of religion lies in the answer to this question: "What are the purpose and the prim- ary effect of the enactment." He answered in these words: "If either is the advance- ment or the inhibition of re- ligion t h e n the enactment exceeds the scope of legislative power as circumscribed by the Consdtution. "That is to say that to with- stand the strictures of the (Continued on Page 3) They Give Their Blood LIMA, Peru -- Missionaries have ever been devising meth- ods to encourage their people to come to church. Columbian mis- sionaries here have been donat- ing blood to TB sufferers and have seen it pay off in family members returning to the sacra- ments and to church. "It's really a wonderful in- vestment," says Rev. Leo Don- nelly, S.S.C. "A soul's salva- tion for a pint of blood. Besides, we have the fun of teasing them about being part foreign -- and they love itI" Order Your Copy NOW! THE DIRECTORY INCLUDES INFORMA- TION concerning: Archdiocesan offices and all 113 parishes, Catholic colleges and schools in which more than 36,000 youths and children are being educated, Catholic hospitals and homes for aged and infirm, and welfare organizations. COMPLETE T E L E P H O N E DIRECTORY, listing in alphabetical order all of the more than 450 priests in the Archdiocese. Printed on high- grade book paper, the Archdiocesan Directory includes much useful information in its 104 pages. Price, $$,00 per copy, postpaid Copies o the Directory are sent #ee to all priests, religious, Catholic institutions and public oficials and information centers. CATHOLIC NORTHWEST PROGRESS 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle 4 Enclosed find $ .......... for which mail me .... copies of the Directory of the Archdiocese of Seattle at the price of one dollar per copy. Name ....... ...... .......................... Street Address ............................... City ............... .......... Zone ........ / / Vol. 66No. 25 Official Newspaper for the Archdiocese of Seattle , 41 Seaffle, Wash., Friday, June 21, 1963 i:i:!:i::i!i!,iii!iii!i!!iiii!i!i:i!i?:':::: :: :!. _ ii!iiii:!i::i::ili :: " :.:::.::::i: .... : :: :::: !! i Zi:!i!:: ii!: :: ...::..::i ' "'':::: :: '?:::i:::": ':""i i i: :i:i:i Robes For The New Pope PREPARATIONS FOR A NEW POPE! Seamstresses are three sizes: small, average and large. They will be ready shown at work sewing cassocks and vestments for the succes- for the new pontiff when he is elected by the Conclave of sor to the late Pope John XXIII. Vatican sources reported Cardinals which got under way June 19. that three sets of papal vestments would be prepared in --(Religious News Service Photo. Cardinal Cushing Cites Great Tasks The New Pope Will Face By RICHARD CARDINAL CUSHING Archbishop of Boston ROME, June 18 (N.C.) MThe new Pope faces superhuman burdens that only the prayers of entire Christendom can lighten. On the international scene, the Pontiff is confronted with a bewildered and chaotic world. Exaggerated nationalism which forced us into two world wars is still rampant. Newly independent nations, unaccus- tomed to self government, are plagued with instability. One-fourth of the world's in- habited areas are controlled by atheistic Communism. Some think we are entering a non-Christian era. While we cannot agree, nevertheless there is evidence for their conclusion. Despite its current prosperity, Italy gave an approval to Com- munism during the recent elec- tion which surprised even Com- munist leaders. Italian voters may not be classified as ideo- logical Communists, but their support of Communism is de- finitely discouraging. Proqress Noted The progress of this inter- national conspiracy in the cen- ter of Christianity is cited by Hearings Set On Obscenity Measures WASHINGTON, June 18 (NC)-- The House postal operations subcommitte will hold hearings June 25-27 on bills designed to protect postal patrons from obscene matter and communist propaganda. Disclosure of the upcoming hearings was made by Rep. Glenn Cunningham of Nebra- ska, sponsor of legislation along these lines as well as a bill to establish a commission to investigate the obscenity problem. Cunningham's postal bill (H. R. 319) and similar legislation would permit individuals re- ceiving obscene maferial or communist propaganda in the mail to return it tothe post- master with the request that no more of it be sent them. At the same time the plans for the House hearings were announced, Rep. William H. Bates of Massachusetts placed in the Congressional Record a statement declaring the sup- port of Massachusetts Knights of Columbus for Cunningham's two bills. those who predict the dawn of a non-Christian era. The new Pontiff is faced with the problem of counteracting this propaganda. Unnumbered children are being trained to become the Communist adults of the future. Latin America is another problem that weighs heavily on the new Pope. Cuba has been lost. Other countries to the south face a crisis which could explode at any time. Crisis I. Latin America One-third of the earth's Cath- olics live in Latin America. It has been conservatively esti- mated that over 100,000 priests are needed to give them ade- quate religious service and in- struction. But even if enough priests and lay apostles were available, their efforts would be of little avail as long as the present social order prevails in many of these countries. You cannot instruct and nour- ish people's souls when their bodies are wasting from hun- ger. Capitalists from the United States and Latin America in- crease their wealth and invest it in foreign banks, while mill- ions of persons live in sub- human conditions and their ehil- dren have no opportunity for even the most fundamental ed- ucation. I have met some of these masters of wealth. They call themselves Catholics, but they seem reluctant to follow the papal encyclicals calling for a new social order based on justice and the teachings of the Gospels. Within a few years, because of Latin America's high birth rate half of the world's Cath- olics could be located on this part of the Western Hemis- phere. To keep them within the fold of the Church is another problem confronting the succes- sor of Pope John XXIII. Missionaries In Peril Another concern is the miss- ionary life of the Church. We read of places closed to Catholic missionaries, of the curtailment of apostolic work, and of the exile and unjust treatment of missionaries. Miss- ionaries are the fulfillment of the command Christ gave to the Church: "Go, therefore, and make disciples of all na- tions." But the Church of Christ must expect difficulties o f every variety. "If they have persecut- ed me, they will persecute you also," said the Lord. The human instruments of the Church are not greater than their Master. If all things go well with us, if no opposition is encountered, we can be sure that God's work is not being accomplished in God's way. No vicar of Christ can ex- pect the glory of Mount Tabor. He must be ready at all times for Calvary. While the Church faces many problems, there are many reasons for hope and confidence. The Church is still young. We must always look to the future. "Thy kingdom come, thy will be done," we pray in the prayer that.Christ gave us. Must Expect Troubles, Trials In His time and in His way that prayer will be answered. Troubles and trials we must expect. Without them we would never fulfill the divine mission of Christ. The more troubles, the more saints; and I believe thai we have more saints to- day than we had at any other time in the history of the Church. Among the tasks within the Church itself is the Second Vatican Council, a pastoral couneil intended by Pope John XXIII to update and modern- ize its laws and practices to meet the challenges of the 20th century. Liturgical Week Speakers Announced WASHINGTON, June 17 (NC)--Principal speak- ers for the 1963 Liturgical Week, to be held in Phila- delphia from August 19 to 22, were announced here by Rev. Gerard Sloyan, president of the Liturgical Conference. The Rev. Paul Purta, S.S., who will leave St. Thomas Sem- inary, Kenmore, Wash., for a post in St. Mary's Seminary,, Baltimore, will speak August 22, on "The Word of God Forms the Christian." The Rev. Joseph Connolly of Baltimore, a member of the conference's board of directors, will speak August 19 on "The Renewal of the Church." Other speakers and their topics: --August 20: Father Sloyan, "The Mystery of Christ"; Rev. Richard Sneed, O.S.B., of St. Gregory's A b b e y, Shawnee, Okla., "The Mystery F o r e- shadowed in Israel"; "The Easter Vigil and the Mystery of Christ," an examination of the full meaning of the Holy Saturday ritual by a team of liturgical experts. --August 21: John B. Man- nion, executive secretary of t h Liturgical Conference, "The Mystery of Christ Pro- claimed Through the Church"; Rev. Godfrey Dick- mann, O.S.B., editor of Wor- ship magazine, "Sacramental Life: The Mystery Shared"; Rev. J a m e s D. Criehton, editor of Liturgy, British journal of liturgical studies, will coordinate a demonstra- tion of how the mystery of Christ should be proclaimed to various groups of people. --August 22: Rev. Bernard Cooke, S.J., of Marquette Uni- versity, Milwaukee, " G o o d Teaching: Fidelity to God's Word"; Rev. Frederick Mc- Manus of the Catholic Univer- sity of America, Washington, D. C., "The Council: Renewal and the Tasks Before Us.'! General sessions of the con- vention will be held in Conven- tion Hall. About 8,000 people from the U. S. and Canada are expected to attend. Stole Is Pope's Gift To U.S. Bishops VATICAN CITY (Radio, A golden stole, the deathbed gift of Pope John XXIII to the U.S. Bishops, will be delivered to the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C., following the election of a new pope. The stole was a gift to Pope John from Francis Cardinal Spellman, Archbishop of New York, on the Pope's 80th birth- day. He wore it on the open- ing day of the ecumenical council. On June 11 the stole was re- turned to Cardinal Spellman with an accompanying letter from Amleto Cardinal Cicogn- ant, Pope John's Secretary of State. The letter said: "It is with great personal pleasure that I comply with the request of Msgr. Loris Capo- villa, private secretary of the late Holy Father Pope John XXIII, in transmitting the en- closed beautiful stole which the Pontiff wore at the opening of the historic Second Vatican Ecumenical Council on October 11, 1962. Turntables Links Of Communication With Cardinals VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC)As the world waits outside the conclave area for word on the de- liberations of the cardinals, inside the single link of communication is a turntable at the head of a stair- case. The turntable, which serves the officials of the conclave, is guarded by the marshal and governor of the conclave. It is situated on the staircase of Plus IX at the edge of the courtyard of San Damaso, There are two other turntables, located in the Parrot court- yard, but they serve only to admit supplies. Eighty-two cells in the closed- off section of the Vatican now h a v e beds, movable closets, chairs, bedside tables, work tables and other simple fur- nishings. Some of the quarters, used regularly by prelates liv- ing in the Vatican, were al- ready equipped for the extra- ordinary use by the eonclav- ists. Use Two Dininq Rooms Two dining rooms are in use by those in the conclave area. The cardinals are din- ing in the hall of Leo XIII, the largest room of the Borgia apartments. Their assistants take their meals in another room in the same apartment. Two kitchens are operating to serve the groups. The kitchen for the cardinals is t ha t which was formerly used when the diplomatic corps dined at the Vatican. It is located near the Parrot court- yard. During the reign of Pope John this area was renovated firmary for the conclavists has been set up in the Hall of Ben- edictions, the large room which constitutes the second floor of the front of St. Peter's Basilica. It is directly above the open porch of the basilica and is familiar to thousands of persons everywhere as a scene of papal audiences. From the central balcony (Continued on Page 2) Seattle Negroes Want Action By Fred Cordova The shadow of the suf- fering Negro is turning into the human shape of the crusading Negro in Seattle --a metropolis far from the racially-troubled points of the and a number of medieval Deep South. frescoes were uncovered and The specter of Birmingham restored. The second kitchen and Tuscaloosa, Ala., Jackson; is in the area generally used Miss., Danville, Va,, reea"gg;:,., by the Palatine Guard. boro, N. C., Cambridge, M&; A first aid center and in- and some 30 other turbulent i- Interfaith Committee Is Formed WASHINGTON, June 18 (NC)--President Kennedy, in a military-like fashion, recruited a small army of the country's religious leaders to mount an attack from the moral flank against t h e seething racial crisis. The President previously met with political and business leaders and mapped battle plans in the political and economic sectors. He also scheduled sessions with ed- ucators and lawyers to prepare still other frontal attacks from the educational and legal flanks. J. Irwin Miller of Columbus, Ind., president of the National Council of Churches (Pro- testant), was named to head the nationwide interfaith group. communities o u t s i d e of the Northwest has come alive in this Queen City of the Ever, green Playground. Happily, the demonstrations, staged Saturday and Monday in downtown Seattle, were peaceful. Hopefully, all would like to keep them that way. The ticklish problems of the non-white are no longer lah- able for the tickle has grown into an infected pain. The Negro in Seattle and elsewhere do not want to be brothers-in-law of the Whites. They simply ask to be treated as brothers with the same pro- visions of equal opportunity in education, housing, employ- ment and other guarantees of the American democratic in- stitution. And the keyword is NOW --not in the immediate fu- ture or some other indefi. nite time-measuring term-- but NOW. Unfortunately, the two Se- (Continued on Page 3) !963's First CYO Campers 1963's FIRST CYO campers to board the bus Monday:at the O'Dea High School yard were three lads from Seattle's Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish. They are (from left) Tom Gleason, 11; Paul Fife, 1i; and Pat Copper, 12. Colleifing their bus tickets is Bruce Russell, a new camp staffer from Loyola University of Los Angeles. The three boys plus 92 others were bound for Camp Blanchet for the first session and a fun-filled summer under archdiocesan CYO auspices. (Progress Photo by Robert H. Mller) t