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Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 19, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 19, 1964

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907 Terry Avenue, Seottle 9810,1 Telephone MAin 2-8880 Published every Friday by the Catholic Northwest Progress Co. Sec0nd-Class Moll Privileges Authorized at Seottle, Wash. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. Rev. Jomes H. Gandrau ................................... Editor [Mary Bresnahon ................................ Associate Editor PAGE 4 FRIDAY, JUNE 19, 1964. Oral Contraceptives HRISTIAN freedom is like atomic All the pills on the market today, energy. It will either light a city or destroy it, depending upon the maturity and responsibility of those who possess it. The desire for greater liberty for "that freedom wherein Christ has set us free" has become a characteristic plea of the modern Church. But if Christian lib- erty is to be truly dynamic rather than destructive there is need for greater ma- turity and responsibility on the part of those who seek it. Without increased faith, humility and discipline, misguided freedom will inevitably raze the City of God in a mushroom cloud of doubt and confusion. The present controversy over oral contraceptives constitutes the supreme test of true maturity and responsibility for the modern Christian. We read on page one of this edition that Cardinal Ottaviani has urged individuals not to make public statements about the birth control pill until the Holy See has had time to study it more thoroughly. To the immature Catholic who never reads beyond the headlines, such a state- ment could hold several dangerously false conclusions First, the Church is not sure about the morality of the present contra- ceptive pills, so the Cardinal is giving tacit approval of their use until more facts are known. Second, the plea for silence might imply a change in Church doctrine to be revealed in the near future. Third, the apparent muffling of theolo- gians indicates a complete disinterest on the part of Church authorities in the problems of the modern world--another indication that Rome is still a most medieval, antiquated institution. A more mature and responsible reading of Cardinal Ottaviani's state- ment reveals that in each of these ob- jections the exact opposite is true. Does silence imply uncertainty? Not if you read the entire statement. The Secretary of the Holy Office reaffirms in no uncertain terms the Church's unalter- able teaching on contraceptives. It has been traditional Catholic teaching that since birth control pills now on the mar- ket cause temporary sterilization, if used for contraceptive purposes they are gravely immoral. The Cardinal faithfully echoes the mind of Holy Mother Church when he writes, "The Church has spoken clearly with the encyclicals of the Roman Pontiffs, even those of recent years. Hence, we have the directives. To seek to change the situation simply because of population growth or because there are economic problems cannot be a valid rea- son in the face of the great doctrinal prin- ciples based in great part on the natural law." despite new names or general accept- ante in certain polite circles, fall under the above condemnation. For the ma- ture, responsible Catholic there can be absolutely no doubt about the Church's stand on oral contraceptives. Does silence imply change? Even a most passing acquaintance with the philo- sophical and theological bases for the Church's doctrine on artificial contracep- tion should tell the educated Catholic that Rome's stand on this matter will not, cannot change. This fact, however, does not imply that the Church is unaware of or unsympathetic with the difficulties and burdens placed upon the shoulders of modern Christian parents. She is most interested in scientific research conducted by both Catholic and non-Catholic uni- versities alike. She eagerly examines pro- posed means for responsible parenthood presented by sincere priests, physicians, laymen. HY THEN the caution of silence? It appears that in past months enemies of the Church fiom without have tried to confuse Catholics not yet accus- tomed to that greater freedom which has emanated from Vatican II. They subtly assure us Christians that the renovation of the Church initiated by this modern Council will soon mean a revamping of everything Catholic, including her anti- quated, outmoded, medieval stand on artificial birth control. At the same time, certain irresponsible Catholics from with- in taking undue advantage of this greater liberty for themselves have been putting forth in public theological questions bet- ter reserved for private moral and dog- matic discussions. Any theologianclerical or lay who makes positive statements on what science will or will not be able to do in the near future is in a sense revealing his own ignorance. Science is, by no means, sure herself. This whole field is extremely new, and efforts made to date are extremely primitive. What is certain is that present true or synthetic hormones may not be used as oral con- traceptives. No matter what is:said by this individual or that, the mature, re- sponsible Christian will await direction from the Holy See. For those who have problems or dif- ficulties relating to marriage in this Archdiocese, we recommend the newly- established "Catholic Marriage Center" at Providence Hospital, Seattle. Confer- ences are held at the hospital on the third Tuesday of each month at 8:30 p.m. Later, other such centers will be estab- lished in other areas of the Archdiocese. The '64 Model Racist BY RUSSELL ASHINGTON--Whatever may come of it, the presidential candidacy of Gov. George C. Wallace of Alabama has already es- tablished itself among the major national phe- nomena of 1964. Wallace's announcement at the National Gov- ernors Conference in Cleveland that he will run for President in the fall as an "Alabama Demo- crat" wherever he can get his name on the ballot was a logical step. He has already made surprisingly strong showings in Democratic pri- maries in three states--Wisconsin (nearly 34 per cent of the vote), Indiana (30 per cent, and Maryland (43 percent--and a Wallace-backed slate of unpledged electors won handily in Ala- bama itself. WALLACE'S ANNOUNCED intention in the fall is to win enough Electoral College votes to throw the choice of President into the House of Representatives. Though there seems little like- lihood at the moment that he will achieve this, hehas already succeeded amply in another aim: that of giving publicity and a rallying point to opposition to the civil rights bill and the Negro protest movement. What are the elements of Wallace's limited but real success? Two can readily be identi- fied: anti-Negro feeling in many parts of the country and among many elements of the population, and fears about such issues as states' rights, Federal encroachment and inva- sions of individual liberty. These factors alone, however, would seem insufficient to explain Wallace's showing if he were just another old-time racist politician. The Alabamian, however, is no tub-thumper. On the contrary, he is a distinctly contemporary politi- cian, witty, well groomed and articulate. In- deed, it is precisely the attractive wrapper on his brand of racism that makes it dangerous. WALLACE RECENTLY put his style on dis- play to a demanding audience at the National Press Club here and came off well. In an hour of prepared remarks and ad-libbed replies to written questions, he demonstrated a hair-trigger sense of humor and a sophisticated grasp of political and social realities. The capacity-plus crowd of newsmen rewarded him with frequent SHAW laughter and applause--tributes more to his per- forming skill, perhaps, than to his arguments. Wallace is a short man who looks younger than his 44 years, wears his black hair in a pompadour, and dresses conservatively. He was introduced as a former state Golden Gloves champion, and his cocky, aggressive manner make this easy to believe. ONE OF HIS major assets, it was apparent, and one that undoubtedly has served him well in his forays outside the South, is the ability to , give a ring of intellectual respectability and social responsibility to his anti-civil rights, anti- Federal government line. He takes pains to deny hostility to Negroes. Disclaiming a quotation that had been attrib- uted to him about the "nigger bloc vote" in Maryland, he insisted that he has "never used that expression publicly." "I don't even say it privately," he added a little later. Discrimination against Negroes in Alabama? "Negroes have just as much access to public facilities as the average whites," the governor declared. "They may not be the same facili- ties .... " Indeed, from his Press Club remarks, one would assume that Negroes are really very lit- tle in his thoughts and his real foes are the Federal courts and the northern press. THE FEDERAL courts ("the judicial oligar- chy") are targets of his heaviest artillery. Ac- cording to Wallace, they have usurped the con- stitutional powers of elected officials and are now running the country through "judicial legis- lation by fiat." Civil rights bills ("hypocrisy," "political gimmicks," the products of "left wing agitating folks") are merely an "extension of the revolutionary seizure of power" carried out by the courts. "I'm in good humor now and you all be in good humor too," he remarked, recalling that in Indiana his car top was dented by pickets' signs reading "God Is Love." This subject came up again later when he said he would "probably" be at the Democratic convention in Atlantic City "if I can get through the pickets." The crack had special point for listeners who had seen anti-Wallace demonstrators parading on the sidewalk outside the Pre@, Club building. Project: Heaven BY EILEEN EGAR H o deep the vast and endless spaces seem To man who now Would bring the planets near, The World Invisible is not his goal, Yet, angel songs are there for him to hear. How long and late he struggles at his task, The telescope excites him with its view Of sparkling worlds out there beyond the night; His future World is waiting for him too. H e sees the face of God, but passes on To ghostly moonlit craters, to fulfill His yearning for a land beyond his dreams; The stars reach out--but Heaven is nearer still. 'Ragged, Lightly Armed Red Volunteers' , ,.. ' , ' .... _ .. A Great and Precious Lot JILb stor By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S. E ARE beginning to feel a bit apol- ogetic about once more raising the question of some modern views on birth control. But a recent silly letter convinced us that we should do so. The writer ranted and raved about the fact that mere priests write on marriage questions -- "What does Father Gustafson know about such matters?" LITTLE ENOUGH (thank God?) but we do know what God has told His Church and this comes at last to be a great and precious lot. If one is a Catholic, one is guided not by funny inner feelings, as Lunn called them, but by the authority of the Church. This is recognized as legitimate and truthful. It is quite possible to reject this guidance. Many do. But don't claim the title "Catholic" in such a case. NOT THAT we are not talking about those who may have very real problems in their fam- ily lives. This problem they take to their direc- tor. So one very important distinction is in- volved here. It makes a terrifying difference, in reality, whether one falls 70 times 70 or whethcost i one tries to deny that there has been any frock v This is sheer self-justification and a rejection of the Church. Philosophically and theologically speaking, the fallacy involved in this letter we received is the primeval fallacy of the two who fell for Lucifer's flattery in Eden. They wanted ex- perimental knowledge of good and evil. The.rt got it! One need not experience everything to know what it is. Some wag has wisely observed that you don't have to be a chicken to know that an egg is rotten. Is Our Dream No More? a In Defense of Jury System Editor, The Progress: I have read in your very excellent newspaper an editorial by Mr. Roy Daugherty entitled "By Reason of Insanity." I feel compelled to comment on what I believe to be an incorrect view of the defense of insanity and an indirect attack upon the American jury system. It is, apparently, the writer's conclusion that many guilty persons escape their just pun- ishment by virture of the ruse of a plea of not guilty based upon insanity. While I have no statistics to support my thoughts in this regard, except my ex- perience as a member of the prosecuting attorney's staff and now an attorney engaged in the private practice of law, I am sure that this is not the case. First, it has been my ex- perience that the defense of insanity is not plead in crim- inal matters anywhere near as frequently as the average layman believes. Second, it has been my further experi- ence that such a plea is one of the more difficult ones to convince a jury as justified. An example referred to in the editorial is the Jack Ruby trial. I take very strong exception to the writer's apparent con- clusion that any trial involving life and liberty results in a waste of money and valuable court time. It r)resumcs on the writer's part the gift of know- ing when the jury has erred in its verdict. A recent article in the Read- ers Digest pointed out that the University of Chicago jury trial project study showed that 700 judges in 4,000 cases were in accord with juries 80 per cent of the time. The 20 per cent disagreement was in interpre- tation of evidence. The last thing which con- cerns me in the editorlal is the writer's apparent opinion that laymen are not qualified to determine the question of sanity of the accused. The inevitable conclusion of such reasoning is that this is a matter outside the scope of jury trial. It is the opinion of the ma- jority of people with whom I have come in contact that jury decisions are fairer, less biased and more accurate than those of individual judges or pur- ported experts. This arises, I think, because it is the decision of 12 people taken from all walks of life whose combined thinking tends to correct each other's errors and more truly smooth out the rough edges of bias. In addition, the jury is one governmental agency t h a t has no ambition and cnnvenes only for the day to do justice according to the evidence. In summary, I think it was unfair of the writer to conclude that today's system of insanity trials should be eliminated, that pleas of insanity be altered and that many accused people are escaping punishment they deserve by virtue of a plea of insanity. Paul N. Luvera Jr. 616 S. 2nd St. Mount Vernon Legion Ratings Editor, The Progress: My son and his friends wished to attend a movie to- night, so the first thing we did was reach for The Progress to see if there is anything showing in town that would be suitable for teen-agers to see. (f would do the same thing for myself if I wished to attend.) We find to our dismay that there is no index published in either the June 12 or June 5 edition of The Progress. We have neither the time, the money or the inclination to attend every first-run movie that comes to town, and I have, I am afraid, fallen into the habit of re- lying on the Legion of Dec- ency to perform this task for us, and of relying on The Progress to report their findings. Please, now that summer is here, and the youngsters have more time, and, because of summer jobs, more money to attend the theatres, make sure you have that rating in every week. For those of us who are try- ing to do what is right, and trying to raise our children the same way, this sort of thing is our only protection. We have no other way of knowing whether or not a movie is acceptable. My motto is: "I never believe anything I read in the daily press until I have read the version in The Progress." That has held me in good stead all during the ecumeni- cal council sessions, and for many other incidents that have been made much of by the secular press... I think you are doing a won- derful job with the paper, and certainly pray that God will give you all the graces neces- sary to continue . . . Mrs. Patrick E. Gurry. 11460 21st Ave. S.W. Seattle By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. AS the American Dream ended? Speaking at the Commencement ex- ercises of Columbia University, Presi- dent Kirk June 3 said that in a sense the American dream is no more. "Many of the cherished beliefs of our national youth no longer seem to fit the conditions of life in our time." Our goals should be social justice, the fostering of the life of the mind and the devel- opment of world peace but now, according to Dr. Kirk, the American people are unsure of them- selves and their prospects for the future. HE CITED the racial question as an example of our state of confusion. The education of a whole generation of Negro children is being sac- rificed to the short-sightedness of militant lead- ers on both sides of the integration struggle. He might have mentioned even more disturbing fea- tures of the fight for integration. At this moment, in the light of the situation here in New York City, some might say that the American Dream is a nightmare. Violence struck down President Kennedy in Dallas but New York City has more reason to hang its head in shame when the subject of vio- lence is mentioned. In Dallas one act of violence was committed but here violence is epidemic: Mayor Wagner has 20,000 patrolmen and 1,000 Transit Authority police on overtime for an indefinite period to combat racial vio- lence. Nor is New York altogether unique. The gen- eral expectation of Washington officials is that this summer will find the whole nation caught up in outbreaks of violence over civil rights. SO WE FIND certain pessimists saying that racial violence has put a definite end to the American Dream as it is a problem that cannot be solved in line with fundamental American principles of equality. The fact is, however, that we have solved bigger problems than this. We experienced the tragedy of the Depression, probably the wo1 domestic problem we have ever known. We solved it. We can solve the racial problem when we take hold of it by the roots, when we make a colossal effort to eliminate discrimination in employment, housing and education and all the other forms of injustice that spawn racial vio- lence. WE ARE not fatalists. I don't believe tbb ' American people could ever be convinced [  ) there is some evil force that is too big anu monstrous for them to grapple with and conquer. As a nation we believe that with hard work, in- telligence and the grace of God we can solve any problem. Pessimists say that such optimism is an anachronism today because there are forces working in history that are too strong for any people or nation. A few years ago, Robert Heilbroner wroel, n ha a article in The American Scholar entitk l "The Impasse of American Optimism." He claimed that our traditional American opti. mism about the future is a handicap today. His advice seemed to be that we should surrender to the inevitable evils that will inevitably con- quer us, no matter how hard we oppose them. According to the Marxists there is an iron law of history. The notion is that history is fatefL to move in certain directions and that the :im man moves with it, never against it, lest he thrown up on the shores as a derelict. Heilbroner claimed that we should realize that we can be defeated by the sheer force of adverse circumstances. We have been duped into optimism by the fact that we were blessed by great natural resources but now, says Heft- broner, the forces of nature and history are against us. AL I don't believe we can make nature but e can make history and, God willing, we can realize the American Dream. God's World: Sacre& I Heart Means Love By REV. LEO J. TRESE RUE Christian piety always must be centered on liturgical worship, the official wot'ship of Christ's Mystical Body. This is the worship which you and I together, as members of the Assembly of God, offer in union with Christ. Liturgical worship, as we well know, has its focal point in the Mass. IT IS evident that no form of private devo- tion, be it ever so hallowed, can compare with the Mass in value and importance. No novena service, triduum or Holy Hour can match the Mass, even remotely, as an act of worship and as a source of grace. This does not mean that there is no place in Christian life for non-liturgical devotions. Quite the contrary. Private devotions can in- tensify the faith and love which we bring to liturgical worship. OF ALL private devotion, devotion to the Sa- cred Heart of Jesus would seem to be the most logical. Since Christ's human Body is inseparably united to His divinity, every part of that Body is worthy of our adoration. His Heart, however, is particularly appropriate as an object of our adoration, since the heart, from time imme- morial, has been the symbol of love. Jesus is the living, personal expression of God's love for man. It was God's love for man and God's hunger for man's love which, from all eternity, decreed the advent of the God Man Jesus into this world. The whole history and rationale of salvation is concentrated in this one concept of love. IT IS NOT surprising then that in appearing to St.'Margaret Mary, Jesus centered her atten- tion and ours upon His Heart. "Forget My role of lawgiver and judge," Jesus seems to say. "With all the power of your being contemplak My love for you. I do not want from you  s vice of fear. I want your love. If you will low Me with even an infinitesimal fraction of the love I have for you, your obedience will take care of itself." Jesus compressed all of this into eight words: "Behold this Heart which has so loved men." If we love someone, someone who suffers, we are impelled to do all that we can to as- suage that person's pain. Quite naturally, them L in appealing for our love Jesus asks us to e press that love especially in prayers and act m" of reparation. This is not poetic imagery. Just as it was His divine foreknowledge of men's sins which brought on His bloody sweat in the Garden and His torture, "Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass away from Me," so also it was the foreknowledge of our love which enable Jesus finally to say, "Yet not as I will, but as wiliest." HOWEVER, IT is not His own personal com- fort that the Sacred Heart of Jesus seeks from us. Our real tributes of love to the Sacred Heart are the sinners whom we shall save by our reparatory acts.