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Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
June 19, 1903     Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 19, 1903

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--,i .. .jl A WEEKLY FA'MILY NEWSPAPER. / I VOL. V. NO. 25. SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, JUNE 19, 1903. PRICE FIVE CENTS. : ing. NG allS  " lit r $ 'e ], ttle. AFRICAN MISSIONS, MISSIONARY LIFE AMONG THE INHABITANTS OF CENTRAL AFRICA AS XPERIENOED BY THE WHITE FATHERS AND WHITE SISTERS. Portion of a Letter from a .',[issionary Sister of Our Lady of AfricaVislt to the Hespitala very Busy Life. ARDINAL Lavigerie ounded C two Congregations which he destined for missionary work in Central Africa and the Sa- hara, the White Fathe, s and the White Siste, s. The White Fathers, as hey went about on missionary jour- neys immediately after tiller arrival in the county, became,really,the discover- ers of this part of the Dark Continent. Wllen the Vicar Apostolic had satis- factorily proved tie stability of the newly founded ohuohes, the White Sis- ters came, in their turn, and, under the direction of the missionary Fa- thers, established on all sides sctmols, dispensaries and hospitals. The fol- lowing letter will show the good al- ready accomplished by the spirit:al daughters of the great Cardinal: I invite you to come and pass two dayE in Central Africa, dierectly uuder the,equator, we shall occupy tile first day in visiting the work confided to ,the White Sisters of St. Mary of Rou- bags; then, if you are 3ot tan greatly fatigued, the second day we will de- vote to  missionary ouxney into some neighboring village. Uganda, which has been baptized with the blocs of its martyrs, contains at the present day about 80,000 Cris- tlans and 105,000 catechumens. In 188 missionaries came to the country for the first time; the White Sisters were called there by the Viar Apostol- ic in 1899. The Fathers perform only he duties of the sacerdotal ministry; to the Sisters have been confided,espe- cially, tile care of the young. Let us begin by visting the school which is situated only a few steps from our dwelhng, As soon as we come forth in the morning we flndlour way blocked by a "group of natives who show their affection for us ia ma- .ny ways. Some will grasp us by the hand and inquire after our helath; others will cry out with joy at our ap- pearance; a woman, perlapw, will offer us some bananas, or a little girl will slip into our hand a few shells, whispering at the same time in our ear, "These arc for you, because I 10re you." To all we reply either with a kind word or a little caress upon a woolly hens. A large building, the walls nothing but a wicker work of reed, the roof, hatch ; the floor made of earth,sprink- led, with a carpet of dr grassthis is the school louse. It is divided in. to six parts, each part having a differ. nt class months an examination for admission is held and, ordinarily fifteen children are chosen. These little birds of pass- age remain only a year at the mission too short a time,indeed, for their prop- er instruction, but a long while Ior their parents, who, while their chil- dren are here, are deprived of their services. The vacancies left by their going, however ale are soon filled. Near by is a class for little boys; there are twenty of them, ranging from five to seven years, whom the Father superior sent us one day, ask- ing us to -take charge of them. These children have not yet rsecivd baptism and it is a very difficult task to lmld their attention while the mis- sionary is giving mstruction to the dults. The little Bagandas are rest- less,hence it is not eas[to preserve or- der and silence. From time to time babies are given to us by their patents so that very often this little class par- takes somewhat of the nature of a foundling asylum. We have received in this manner three children in two days. Tile most interesting was just fifteen days old; he had been sent to us with a letter of recommendation by a missionary Father who told us hat the child had lost its vhother four days previously. The little one was placed in a box about eigllteen inches long, where he slept peacefulya primitive crib, but a splendid one'for a Muganda, for the native children have oMinarily only a banana.leaf for a couch and for swaddling cloth. In all the classes .which we lave visited the pupils re- main but a very sbort time. The members of the school of St. Restitude, howeve,, stay at the mis- sion much longer. .;orning and even- ing, the young girls of this school are given lessons in reading, writing and sewing, in additiot to the religious instruction which they received. The greaer part of the pupils belong to the families of he 0hisfs hereabouts, prin- cipally to that of Katikiro, the prime minister. Many princesses are in' the classes. One of the daughters of Mwanga, the deposed king,who is now on the coast, the prisoner of the Eng- lish; she is consequently tle sister of the little king who rules nominally under Englistl sovereignty. The daughter of Klwewa and some of Ka- rome's daughters are also members of the school. All these princes, whom I have mentioned, are the sons of Mtesa and they have all reigned successively after having either burned or slaugh- tered tle descendants---of their rivals. As the kings have a great many wives, their progeny is very numerous. We experience a little cold fit when we tlink that our pupils are the children of those men who have deluged Ugan- da wit, blood and that they belong o those unhappy xoyal families; mem. bership in which is sufficient, at each revolution, to send them to their death. A course in singing is given to some of these pupils. By means of very reg- ular lessons the native voices have been softened and made supple and In the first place we meet the oat+ now our scholars chant all the oathe- humens, who have two lours of dral offices. It was a great event, study a day. After they have reeived when, at the church the organ,wlioh religious instruction from t'he mis- sionaries they come here o recite their lessons, to learn their prayers and to be taught to read. They num. bet one hundred and fifty and are di- vided into groups; the' young, who learn easily, and the older ones who do not,for the heads of the latter have grown hard and thei memories rusty. had previously been kept by the Fa- thers, was given o the girls of the schools. If you could have come to us on some festival day, you would hear the Ave Verum, and Venit Adorem's, and the Laudate of Gunned. Let us now pass on to Sister Joe ohim's class. This is composed of "grea ladies," who do no hestitate to As they are very numerous and stay come and sit upon the dry grassin at Roubaga but a short time. five or other surroundings one would say .six months'at the.'most, just time benohesof the school in order to re- enough to receive the most elementary pair the ignorance of their younger instruction, it is necessary to push on the work as much as possible. Let us pass on, to the class of chil. dren who are preparing for First Com- munion. These pupils, who are receiv- +d at the recommednation of the Fa- thers, at the present tithe nmuber six- ty. They are the dearest portion of our flock and also the most difficult to keep together, for in Landa the ohil: dren are the servants of everybody'. When I asked a mother whe att4aded +ur school to send her child to us, she replied, naively, "And who will watch over my gents '. Who will take ,care of me?" Every two or three years. They apply themselves to study with a onstancy which is astonishing. O-e of them, the grandmother of Ka- tirko, has succeeded, with great per severance, in learning to read fluently. The more advanced are able to write fairly well; his is the height of their ambition and satisfies the great desire which all the Bagandas have for cor- respondence. The scholars in this class number about five hundred. Before going on to the hospital it may be interesting to visit the noviti- ate. What, you will ask, a novitiate? Yes, indeed. Before our arrival the missionaries had employed some worn- Continued on Page Four.) ANTI-DIVORCE MOVEMENT. ROTESTANTLEADERSREADY TO JOIN HANDS WITH THE CATH -! OLIC CHURCH TO RESTRAIN THE HEADLONG TENDENCY TO DIVORCE. A Careful Estimate of the Number of Divorces Granted During the Past Twenty Years Gives Alarm to all Serious Men and Women HE sentiment against divorce is growing so rapidly and the mania for divorce has become so uncontrollable that many' persons and cehurdes here- tofore indifferent now have come out agaisnt tle evil Most newspapers have taken partiuclarl notice of the approact of Protestant ministers to some formal declaration on the sub- ect. From the Catholic Citizenj we copy the followig summnary: More than 500,000 divorces have been granted in the United States in the last twenty yea,s, ac.'ording to Rev. William O'Brien Pardow, S. J. formerly Jesuit provincial of the New York province had president of St. Francis Xavier's college, New York City. He estimates that 1,500,000 Aerican children nave seen their homes broken up. The umbe of per- sons divorced would populate the state of i Nebraska or the city of Philadel- phia They are more than the popu- lation of each of twenty-five states and territories of the Union. These figures are from statistics and esti- mates furnished by Roy. William O'Brien Pardow. An attempt is being made to bring about an understanding between the denominations  Catholic, Episcopa- lian, Presytenan, Methodist and many oreto stem the divorce tide in this country. Already a subcommittee has been formed. Protestants to Take Action The Episoopalians, l, eaded by Ray. Dr. David H. Greer, rector of St. Bartl, olomew's, where the Vanderbilts and many others of the fashionable set worsl,ip, began the movement. Dr. Greer takes practically the same losi- tion as the Catholics, for whom Father Pardow, leader of the Jesuits in New York, has tsken upthe cudgels. Now going with them in the movement are such men as Bisi, op Deans of Albany, the venerable Bishop Clarke of Rhode Island, Bishop Paret of Maryland and Francis Lynde Stetson, all represent- ing the Episcopalians; Rev. Dr. Will- iam Henry Rooerts of Philadelphia, stated clerk of the general assembly; Roy. Charles A. Dickey and Roy. Drs. MeIlvaine, Nienolls and MoCaughan, and John E..Parsons, for the Presby- erian and Bishop E. G. Andrews, Dr. Kelley." and Judge Reynolds for the Methodists. Statement by Fail,or Pardow. Archbishop Farley has been invited to join the movement in behalf of the Catholics. Wl,ile he is trongly op- posed to divorce, it has been left to Father Pardow to make he chief pro- test. He makes a statement to the world,in the co-rse of which he,says: "In these "days of modern eiviliza- tioh, we glory in the horseless car- riage, smokeless powder and wireles telegraphy; soon we will be craning to the motherless child and the childless mother. More than 500,000 divorces have been granted in the United States during the last twenty years. Think of the homes broken up, the children whose parents are separated, the un- told misery that such a state of affairs brings aboatl "There are to,lay in this land prob- ably as many as 1,500,000 children who have not what we calla real homenot "a hens in which father and mother unite to bring up their children as God willed them to do. Long List of Divorces. "In 1889, by authority of congress, the Unfed States commissioner of labor was ordered to report upon marriage. and divorce in the United States for the twenty yea, s from 1867 to 1886 in- elusive. Haound that in that time ther had been granted 828,716 di. THE NEW (:ATH]00])RAL. The lroposed cathedral for Seattle is represented above. When erected It will be a piece of architecture not common in America; it will repre- sent the ideal of a capable architect in symmetry, graceful outline and as a commodious structure. Tl,e begin- ning and completion of this magnifi- cent churcl, rests to a large degree with each individual Catholic. Such a noble struotu,'e appeals to every lov- er of his faith, to every admirer of splendid and massive prop:rtious, to every person who loves Seattle. The dimensios of the buinlding are 80x148.feet. It will be completed af. ter the most approved ideas of conve- nience, bauty and general utility. The design is Spanish Romanesque It will seat fully 2,000 persons com- fortably. The floo will pitch toward the sanctuary so that an unobstructed view may be had by all. As is well known it will stand on the Terry Ave block between Columbia and Marion. ............... +,+++++++++++++++++++++4 k++++-++++++#+# .... # ..... ----# -,#-+- : -; + vv VTTT vetoes--657,432 people lad severed the marriage tie. "All we can say in estimating fig. ures for the last twenty years is that the ratio is increasing every year, and that since those figures were compiled more than a round half milieu of divorces have been added to the num- ber. This is no mere speculation. The figures, 828,716 were upon an estimated population of 50,000,000. question of social ostracism. "The worst oases in the world are in Newport. If people iu high life frown upon divorce and make it a social reproach, those who fear such censure would be less liable to kick over the traces. Let society men and women subject the remarried divoreed people to social ostracism, and an al- most universal alleviation of this curse would be secured." With our present population of 80,000,- 000, the estimate of 500,000 divorces :"A GREAT"ORGANIZATION, is little enough. "During the same period in Europe, wih its population of 880,000,000, the number of divorces has been only 214,841. With a population five times greater than the United States there have been less than one.half the num- ber of divorces. "Considering the loose hold tl,at religion now seems to be havingupon so many of the people of the United States, it seems as if the power of coming to the rescue of the country has been transferred from the church to society. "The responsibilities ef the rich and the educated upper classes cannot therefore be too much insisted -'upon. This water run down hill by its own weight, so the breaking of the divine law[among the 'four hundred' will soon reach the millions, spreading from the classes to the masses. "The religious penalty seems not to have the power of restraining .'from divorce. There 'remains now the Broad Work of the Catl=o|lo Poo- ple's Association of Germuny. The Catholic People's association ot Germany, says the Homiletic Review, is about ten years old, is scattered al'l over the empire and has 186,000 mem- bers. It aims to arouse the people tO the need of social reform and to enlist their co-operation in this important undertaking. Some 28,0)0,000 copies of social writings have been circulated. The masses are to be brought to realize the social situation, and in- struction is given them how to meet the demands it makes. Every phase of social activity is included in the work of the association. Speakers arc prepared to address meetings, and abundant literature is put at "their command so that they may present the instruction needed on the numerous points connected with the social prob- lem. Centers are established where infor- mation is imparted and where books and Journals on social subjects are dis- tributed. The individual workmen and their homes are to be elevated, and labor organizations on a Christian basis are to be aided in efforts te ete the condition of the 900 Catholic labor .organizations for the furtherance of their Interests. The association is based on the the- ory that social reform is so difficult and momeatous a task that it ought to be undertaken by a union of all classes. In this work the church and the school, the state and voluntary organizations, teachers and pupils, priests and people, the platform and the press, are to be united. Much enthusiasm has been aroused for the undertaking, and this enthusiasm is educated so that it may bring to its mission the most enlight- ened means. Catholic Summer Schools. Roman Catholics began some years since to take hold of the summer school idea, and they now have .two centers, both of them growing rapid- ly. One is on Lake Champlain, north- ern New York, for Catholics of the east, and the other has lately been transferred from Detroit to Minne- apolis, where this year it will become permanent, and for Catholics of the west. Education and recreation ar the features of both of thee schools, but unlike the Protestant schools they are not specially for young people. The social feature is made much of. At the selmol on Lake Champlain one new cottgc, built by Catholics of Buf- falo. will be opened, and at the west- ern school at Minneapolis new and permanent buildings will be used for the flmt time. Catholic educators of prominence are taking hoRt of these summer ventures, and bisimps and archbisiops are visiting them for masses on 8undays.--Loulsvllle Cou. rter-J ournal. Cardinal GibbOns has presented to St. Michael's Convent of the Perpetual Adoration, Porto Rlc, a Jeweled oten- sorium for the chapel. II/l l / I/