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Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 7, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 7, 1963
 

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Official Mourning Begins Today: .Pontiff Entombed In Crypt Near Plus X Holy Father Sorrowing Throng Admired America Joins Procession And Americans To St. Peter s The great respect and affection Pope John XXIII held for America and Americans was manifested on many occasions. A sign of this came in his address at the cere- monies commemorating the 100th anniversary of the North American College in Rome, October 11, 1959. He surprised his audience by speaking first in Latin and then repeating his talk in Enklish. It was the first time he had used the language at a formal cere- mony. The Pontiff said: "Our visit to this edifice is not merely evidence of Our participation in the college centenary: We in- tend it also to be a manifestation of the warm affec- on which We cherish for your country, and especially for its hierarchy, priests and Catholic people. "The flourishing condition of the Church in your great country, despite its youthfulness, is a splendid example of what loyal collaboration between zealous bishops and pastors and a devoted people can achieve under God's benign providence." Headlines and Deadlines: Nix On oPapal Pundits By George N. Kramer, Ph.D. Headline of the week appeared Monday with the message: "Pope John Is Dead." Although for days the sad had been expected mo- mentarily, it still came as something of a shock. It was not only the headline of the week, but of the year, for the world had suffered a great loss. With the passing of Pope 3obn, a brilliant light has gone lout and a great leader of hu- manity, of understanding, of friendship and love has been lost to the world. Mankind everywhere, from the exalted to the lowly, poured out expressions of high esteem and prayerful sorrow. Press editorial as well as news cov- erage has rarely been excelled Land it reflected the popular r sentiment of heartfelt loss. Throughout, there appeared to be no other important news; or rather, it seemed to be held in abeyance as defer- ring to the flood of informa- tion emanating from the Vati- can. But this event must pass, like every occurrence great and ,small, and give place to news the day, as time hurries on. One of the topics which will demand prominent attention for some weeks is the question of Pope John's successor. As usual, self-appointed pundits are already writing with assumed authority that this or that mem- ber of the Sacred College of Cardinals has the inside track. The election is thus reduced to the appearance of a politi- cal race or some similar kind of contest, with no indication of its divine direction and holy implications. Naturally, everyone is expect- antly awaiting the announce- ment of the next successor to St. Peter, the Vicar of Christ on earth, but to speculate t whether he will be as great as the late Pontiff is scarcely a worthy thought. Every Pope in his way has been great, and any compari- son among those of the past century is an exercise in fu- tility. And any mention of conserva- tive or progressive in this con- nection is not only utterly rldic- )ulous but offensive. Those who think in this fash- ion may intend no irreverence but they have failed to appre- hend the deeper meaning of the papacy. Another Loss In the U.S. the passing of one of the most influential, although (Continued on Page 5) In connection with the beati- fication on March 17, 1963, of Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton, foundress of the Sisters of Char- ity of St. Joseph in the United States, Pope John said: "Citizens of America have explored the sea and air; they have given open-handed hos- pitality and employment to people immigrating from every land. It is a source of satisfaction for Us to pay such a tribute to that illus- trious nation as an augury for further advances in spiritual progress." In acknowledging receipt of "The Minutes of the Fortieth Annual Meeting of the Bishops of the United States," held in November, 1958, Pope John's Secretary of State, the late Domenico Cardinal Tardini, stated: "With paternal satisfaction, the Pontiff noted in this docu- mentation how zealously the hierarchy follows every as- pect of the Church in the United States through the multiple departments of the National Catholic Welfare Conference, adopting prudent- ly effectlve measures to cope with problems that arise from time to time." When the second highest post in the Vatican became vacant upon the death, in July, 1961, of Cardinal Tardini, his Papal Secretary of State, Pope John chose as his successor a diplo- mat who had served for 25 years in the United States, Am- leto Cardinal Cicognani, Apos- tolic Delegate in the United States from 1933 to 1958. Elevated Five Americans Pope John heaped many hon- ors on the bishops, clergy and (Continued on Page 10) Flags At Half Staff As Jtaly Mourns ROME, June 5 (Radio, NC)-- Italy went into mourning for Pope John XXIII. At government orders, flags flew at half staff from all pub- lic buildings. Embassies flew their own national flags at half staff. Schools, theaters and courts were closed. Italian television limited it- self to a special service on the carrying of the 'Pope's body into St. Peter's basilica and a news summary. Throughout Rome, b I a c k- b o r d e r e d manifestoes were posted by authorities of the city and province of Rome. The provincial governor wrote: "The death of Pope John XXIII leaves a void that cannot be filled in the entire world and especially in the hearts of our Roman peo- ple." During the last days of the Pontiff's illness, Italian Presi- dent Antonio Segni canceled two garden parties that had been scheduled at the Quirinal Palace, the papal summer resi- dence prior to 1870 and now the official residence of Italy's presidents. Rome's new 400-room Hilton Hotel canceled its plan for a week of parties that would have marked its formal open- ing. In Today's Progress . . FIRST SECTION Dedicated Life, Consecrated Death .................... 2 Death of' Pope John XXIIII (Official) ................. 3 'Jesus... Jesus' (Editorial) ................ 4 Guidelines to Teen Dating... 5 Provos Mark 50th Anniversary .............. 6 Five Jesuits To Be Ordained 7 Blancher Names New Hoop Coach ..................... 8 Nun Programs CBEA -. Institute .................. I0 SECOND SECTION Documentary on the Life of Pope John XXIII .......... I-4 Documentary On The Life Of Pope John. XXlll See Second Section Vol. 66--No. 23 Official Newspaper for the Archdiocese of Seattle .-if First of Two Sections Saffle, Wash., Friday, June 7, 1963 'Pope of Peace' Mourned Throughout the SON OF A SHARECROPPER, His Holiness Pope John XXIII is shown above upon his coronation Nov. 4, 1958, as the 261st Pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church. The Holy Father's death June 3 is mourned throughout the world for, in a pontificate of less than five years--dedi- cated to the Church, the council and to peacehe en- World deared himself to the great and to the lowly'. His world- wide peace efforts began when, in his first address to the Church and to the world, he appealed to rulers of all na- tions to strive for peace. At the same time, Pope John voiced his paternal affection for all Bishops, priests, and particularly missionaries, "heralds of the Divine word." On Death of Pope John XXII! By THE MOST REVEREND THOMAS A. CONNOLLY, ARCHBISHOP OF SEATTLE by a paternal and sympathetic understanding of the ills that affect mankind over the face of the earth. The illiteracy, the hunger and abject poverty, as well as the percecution, the oppression and acute suffering that are the lot of so many of the world's people, all touched the heart of the Holy Father with keen n- tensity. He has set a challenging pattern for every responsible citizen of our time. His concern extended to all men of all nations, all races, all creeds. No prob- lem in the world seemed alien to him, and it is little wonder that he has endeared hunself to millions within and without the Church. He was, indeed, a humble, kind, understanding father to all. So intimate and so direct was his con- tact with the Christian community, so great was the image of his personality in every corner of the world, that in his passing we all experience a pro- found sense of personal loss. We humbly thank a benign Providence for hav- ing given us so great, so strong, so holy a father to govern and guide the members of Christ's flock. We pray that the Hand of the Lord may rest lightly upon him. May his soul enjoy the eternal peace that his labors have so rihly deserved. OHN XXIII, our venerable and beloved Pontiff, is dead. A great Pope has been called to his eternal reward, and a saddened Christendom bows its head n grief. Although he occupied the throne of Peter for less than five brief years, this humble, warm and friendly sharecropper's son quickly, surely and di- rectly won a place in the hearts of people of every land and of every religious belief. He will long be re- membered as a Pontiff who dedicated his short pon- tificate to making his Church better understood in the world, and to giving mankind a renewed incentive and a revitalized formula for peace. Angelo Cardinal Roncalli was elected Supreme Pontiff October 28, 1958, taking the name John XXIII. Since that time, despite his advanced years, he amazed everyone by his boundless energy, initiative and courage. The convening of the Second Vatican Council, his tradition-shatterLng journeys through Rome and Italy, the unprecedented reaction of people everywhere to his recent Encyclical on Peace, all bear strong testimony to these outstanding qualities of mind and heart. From the very beginning, his reign was marked Bishop Gill Declares: 'Race Issue Is Between Men And God' followed the Bishop's address with four afternoon workshops, a symposium and dinner at Seattle University. Like a pilot with a sturdy hand on the helm, Bishop Gill gave the conference its course in his talk, entitled, "Race-- Challenge to Religion." "The question before this house, therefore, is more fun- damental even than civil rights such as political free- dom and equality, fair em- ployment or open housing," he said. "These are conse- quences of sound race rela- tions, not their constitutive charter." Citing the 1958 Joint State- ment of United States Bishops, the prelate partly quoted the text by saying: " 'The heart of the race ques- tion is moral and religious. It concerns the rights of man and our attitude toward our fellow man'." Controversy, he said, will not accomplish the conference's purpose alone. The meeting "must have a program, a spe- cific goal and a definite course (Continued on Page 3) Churchmen of the three major faiths were charged by the Catholic Auxiliary Bishop of Seattle to bring their congregations and the whole of the American pub- lic into face-to-face confronta- tion with the truth that racial segregation actually denies the sacredness of human person- ality. Speaking at the opening ses- sion of the National Conference on Religion and Race in Seattle Wednesday, the Most Reverend Thomas E. Gill, V.G., declared: "The real issue is setting right our national conscience. The real issue--.even before the issue between men and their constitutional govern- ments--I submit, is between men and God. That is precise- ly why it is before this body today." The conference, keynoted by Bishop Gill's afternoon address, featured an all-day session of 300 Catholic, Protestant and Jewish clergy and laity who delved into the national and regional problem of racial dis- crimination. One of 10 such local meetings in the country, the conference VATICAN CITY (NC)  The official nine-day mourning for Pope John XXIII was proclaimed to start today, June 7. The remains of Pope John were entombed pro- visionally in a crypt in St. Peter's near that of Plus X. The conclave to choose a new pope to succeed Pope John will begin Wednesday, June 19. The date was set at the first general meeting of the Card- inals in Rome which was presided over by Eugene Cardinal Tisserant, dean of the College of Card- inals. Regulations require that the conclave open be- tween 15 and 18 days after the death of a pope. Since Pope John died June 3, Cardinals could have chosen any date between June 18 and 21. VATICAN CITY, June 7 (Radio, N. C.)--The body of Pope John XXIII was carried into St. Peter's basil- ica along the same route over which the Pontiff had been borne on his portable throne nine months earl- ier to open the ecumenical council. Despite overcast skies, hundreds of thousands of Romans and visitors filled the vast square in front of the basilica to pay tribute to their beloved Pope John. The words of the penitential Psalm, Miserere, carried into the square: "Have mercy on me, O God, according to thy great mercy." The procession formed in the Royal Hall of the Vatican Palace. The Pope's body was brought down from the floor above in a bier carried by the "sediari," the men who bore the papal throne during Pope John's lifetime. As the procession moved slowly out of the bronze doors, the bells of St. Peter's began their funeral tolling. Their deep notes mingled with the chant: "Cast me not away from thy face; and take not the Holy Spirit from me. Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation and strengthen me with a perfect spirit." The procession was a spec- tacle of Renaissance beauty and pomp. It was led by a squad of Palatine Guards who set a slow and measured pace. Next came four Swiss Guards in uniforms said to have been designed by the artist Raphael. These were followed by offi- cers of the Papal Gendarmes, the Palatine Guard of Honor, the Swiss Guards and the Noble Guards. After coming out of the bronze doors, the procession turned right and moved toward the obelisk in the c e n t e r of St. Peter's square, where it turned right again and moved forward to enter the main doors of the basilica, Julian Choir In Procession Following the group of papal guards came a cross bearer flanked by acolytes. Next came the Julian Choir, the choir of St. Peter's. Behind them came the students of the Roman Sem- inary. Next, in b I a e k and gold vestments, came the celebrant of the ceremony, Bishop Peter C. Van Lierde, the Papal Sac- ristan, who later imparted ab- solution to the body after it was placed in St. Peter's. The Bishop was followed by the "bussolanti" of the papal palace, the men who wear the red crimson costumes with knee britches and who are on duty in the state apartments of the popes. Behind them came the Knights of Cape and Sword in b l a c k velvet uniforms with white ruffs. These were followed by offi- cials of the Vatican Court, in- cluding Msgr. M a r i o Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano, Master of the Apostolic Chambers. Be- hind him were additional mem- bers of the Noble Guard, clad in black instead of the usual crimson. Noble Guards Follow Bier At last the Pope's bier emerged. It was followed by Noble Guards and f our ser- geants of the Swiss Guard car- rying broad swords with their points turned toward the ground as a sign of mourning, and six mace bearers in black and vi- olet velvet. *The silver maces were also turned toward the ground to symbolize the fact that the papal 'throne is vacant. As the body was borne through the vast square, thousands knelt almost as if to receive the bless- ing of the Pope who four and a half years ago had given it so gladly and freely at the time of his election and coronation. Cardinals Dressed In Mourning Immediately behind the body was Paolo Cardinal Marella, Archpriest of the Vatican basil- ica, wearing the cappa magna, an ermine-trimmed silk cape. Behind him were the more than 30 cardinals present in Rome. These were dressed in mourn- ing purple instead of the usual cardinal red. Then came the Grand Master of the Knights of Malta, Angelo de Moiana di Cologne. followed by the Prince Assistants at the (Continued on Page 3) Requiem For Pope AI Cathedral A solemn pontifical Mass of requiem will be offered Mon- day, June 10, at 4 p.m. in St. James Cathedral for Pope John XXIII. Civic leaders from Seattle and King County will be present and all members of the clergy, Religious and laity are invited to attend. The Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, Archbishop of Se- attle, will preside, preach the sermon and give the solemn absolution. The Most Reverend Thomas E. Gill, V.G., Auxiliary Bishop of Seattle, will be the celebrant of the Mass. Assistant priest will be Rt. Rev. Msgr. Cornelius M. Power and chaplains to the Arch- bishop will be Very Rev. John R. Sullivan, S.S., and Rev. Cornelius Snyder, O.F.M. First master of ceremonies will be Rev. Stephen Szeman and metropolitan cross bearer will be Rev. Leo Eckstein, S.J. Officers of the Mass will be Rev. Raymond Traik, C.SsR., deacon, Rev. Joseph H. Doo- gan, subdeacon, and Rev. William Gallagher, assistant priest. The Rev. Lawrence H. Willenborg will be second masters of ceremonies and Rev. William Slate proces- sional cross bearer. The priests' choir will Sing under the direction of Rev. Joseph Buck. O The Archdiocesan Union of Holy Name Societies will at- tend a requiem Mass for the Pope Wednesday, June 12, at 8:15 a.m. in St. James Cathe- dral. The Rev. Cornelius Sny- d e r, O.F.M., Archdiocesan spiritual director, will be the celebrant. iArchbishop tSends Condolence On the news of the Holy Father's death the Most Rev- erend Thomas A. ConnoUy, Archbishop of Seattle, cabled his measure of sympathy to: Amleto Cardinal Cicognoni Vatican City Bishop Gill, clergy, religious and faithful join me in an expression of profound sorrow and heartfelt sympathy on the death of our Holy Father. Of- fering Masses, prayers for eternal repose for his noble soul. Promise unswerving loy- alty and obedience to his successor. Archbishop Connolly.  L810 Attend Nocturnal Vigil Nocturnal vigils on the eve of the first Saturday of June attracted a total of 810 per- sons at St. James Cathedral, Seattle, St. Patrick Church, Tacoma, and Perpetual Help Church, Everett. The Cathedral had an attend- ance of 222 and there were 30t at St. Patrick's and 287 at Perpetual Help. The devotions are held on the eve of the first Saturday o[ each month in answer to requests of Our Lady of Fatima. r