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Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 5, 1903     Catholic Northwest Progress
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June 5, 1903

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2 WEEKLY iAMILY " NEWSFAPER. | I I III IIIIIIII Illlllll I iiiii II I I II VOL. V NO. 23. SEAVTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, JUNE 5, 1903 PRICE FIVE CENTS. I III I I INFANT i BAPTISM, ! : ITS EARLY HISTORY AND PRAC- = TIdE AS SHOWN BY THE EARLY = FATHERS IN THE CHURCH. , ! Roy. Fatlmr Doiohmann Quotes Many Authorities to Prove the Necessity of Infant Baptism. HE Presbyterian onurcn of the United States, assembled in general oounoil,adopted a few days ago a paragraph to their confession of faith, which reads as follows: "That concerning those who are saved in Christ, the doctrine of God's eternal decree is held in harmony with the doctrine of His love to all man- kind, His gift of His Son to be the propitiation for the sins of the whole world, and His readiness to bstow H/s saving graces on all who seek it. That concerning those who perish, the doctrine of God's eternal decree is held in harmony with tile doctrine tllat God desires not the death of any sinner, but has provided in Christ a salvation t sufficient tar all, adapted to all, and freely offered in 050 gospel to all; that men are fully responsible tar their treatment of God s gracious ofer; that His decree tfinders no man fxom accepting that offer, and that no man is condemned except on the iground of his sin. "Also that it is not to be regarded as teaching that any who die in infancy are lost. We believe that all dying in infancy are included in the election of grace and regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit, who works where and how He plesses." The texts of Holy S0ripture rela- tive to the Baptism of mankind,are as follows: "St. Matt. 28:19. "Going therefore, teach ye all nations, baptiz- ing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. St. John, 3:5 "Unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Ghost,'.he cannot enter in the Kingdom of God." Acts. 2:87:g8. "Now when they heard these things, they lind compunc- tion in their heart, and said to Peter, , and to the rest of tim Apostles, What shall we do, men and brethren  But Peter said to them : Do penance and be baptized every one of you in the name .of Jesus Cbrmt for the remission of your sins." Titus 3:4:7. "But when the goodness and kindness of "God our Savior appeared not by the works of justice, which we have done but according to His mercy He saved us by the laver of regeneration, and renovation of the Holy Ghost whom He hath poured forth |upon us abuu- dautly through Jesus Christ our Sav- ior; that being justified by His grace, we may be heirsaocording to hope of life everlasting." Other texts could b6 quoted relating to the necessity of baptism for the sal- vation of the soul, bat I think the .above mentioned ones will eleraly prove that Raptism is neaessary to salation and no one can enter the king- dom of heaven without being baptized. Their is no distinotion made be- :woen fld people or young. It clearly states that all have to be cleansed be- fore they can enter into hoaven. The little ones cannot be blamed for the :state in which they are and naturally the question can be raised, why sbould they participate in an evil which they have not committed and why can they ,not be admitted to see the glory of Almighty God. Infants without the use of reason are made heirs of earthly property be- fore they are capable of consenting to receive it. So,also, in Baptism infants are made heirs of heaven, bolero they are capable ef consenting to be baptiz- ed. Their consent in earthly as well as in spiritual or heavenly gain is just- ly presumed. Our Savior says: "no anolean can enter into the kingdom of heaven." Now, as the 'children are nclean, having inherited from the first parentsi"oviginsl sin, there s a necessity that they are cleansed from this siu and this :can only be done through the sacrament of Baptism, be- "fore they are allowed to see Almighty God in His glory. The Churcll holds and teaches that little ones dying without lmving re- eived tim saoramen of Baptism are mot cast into the hell ef the damned nor can they see the glory of God in its fullness, which constitutes the es- sential happiness of be blessed, but they enjoy a certain degree of natural beatitude, a happiness, which is based on the natural knowledge and love of God. In some respect a comparison can be made between the man who has the full use of his eyesight because he can behold the grandeur of the cre- ation of mankind ; the one whose sight i is clouded and, who can ouly dimly discern the beauties of nature; and the one whose eyesight has been de- stroyed and who cannot enjoy the I splendor of God's making. An infant, dying after having been baptized, will see God face to face. ; an infant dying before receiving the sacrament of Bap- tism can only behold the glory of God in a ]lazy manner, whereas man, hav- ing come to knowledge of. good and evil and dying without bt:ing baptized, naturally will be excluded from the kingdom of heaven and will be east into eternal darkness. That the Chruoh established by our Savior has alwas administered.tim sac- rament of baptism to old and young is proven by our eminent writers in the  first centuries, from wimm I will quote to verify the statements in regard to tim necessity of Baptism to mankind. St. Hermas, who lived in the first century says: "Before a man receives the name of the Son ef God, he is des- tined unto death; |but when 15o re- craves that seal, he is liberated from death and delivered unto life. Now that seal is the water into which men go down, bound unto death, but come up assigned ante life." St. Barnabas: "And there was a riv- er running ou the right hand, and beautiful trees grew up out of it, and he that shall eat of them, shall live forever." Thus, the prophet says, that we go down into the water full of sin and pollution, and that we come up again bringing forth fruit, having in the lmart the fear and the hope which is unto Jesus, by the spi'rit. St. Justin of the second century: "They are then conducted by us where there is wa:er, and are regenerated according to the mode of regeneration of which we were regenerated. For they are washed in that water, in the name of God, the Father and Lord of the universe, and of our Savior, Jesus Christ and of the Holy Spirit. For Christ also said: '/xoept ye be born again, ye shall not enter into the kingom of heaven.' " St Irenaeus "He came to save all men through Himself: all, I repeat, !who, through Him, are born again un- to God, intants and children, and boys and youths and elders. Therefore did He pass through every age to infant s made an infant, sanctifying infants; in cbildren, a child, sanctifying those of i that age." Origen: "Whence is it that, since i the Baptism of the Church is given for the remission of sins, Bapt/sm is, according to the observance of the Churoih given even to little children? Since, assuredly, if there were noth- ing in little children which must re. late to remission and pardon, the grace of Baptism would seem to be superfluous." St. Cyprian: "Now as to the case of infants, who, you say, ought not to be baptized within the second or third day after birth, and that law of the ancient circumcision ought to be had regard to, so that, in yoIxt opinion,the ch|ld born ought uot to be baptized und hallowed within the eighth day, it seemed far otherwise to all of us in our council For in what you thought ought not tO be done, not one agreed; but we all, on the contrary, gave our judgment that to none born of man was the mercy and grace of God to be'dented." A great many anemnt writers could be named who testified In regard to the baptism of intauts, but I think this will suffice for every one to see that there isa necessity of baptizing the little ohiMren so that they may not be deprived of the association of Al- mighty God. Cardinal Gibbons in his book the ' Faith oi Our Fathers' says: "You may well judge how reprehen- sible is the ootJduet of Catholic parents Who neglect to have their children baptized at the earliest possible mo- ment, thereby risking their own souls as well as the souls of their innocent offspring." SPEAKS IN ITALIAN, NEW YORK, May 25Archbishop Farley confirmed 250 little boys and girls yesterday in the {,hureh of Our Lady of Pompeii in Bleecker street. The parish is largely Italian, and the Archbishop in addressing the candi- dates spoke in their native tongue. OLYMPIA OLYMPIA, June 4.-- Yesterday, June 3, was a great and important day for the Catholics of Olympia. At the first mass 26 children received their first H01y Communion at the lmnds of Rt. Rev. Bishop O'Dea. After the high mass all these children enjoyed the hospitality of good Sisters of St. Peter's Hospital, where a bounteous! breakfast was served. At 10 o'lock' all the children formed in procession at the Sisters' Academy and proceeded I to the church, where Rt. Roy. Bishop O'Dea administered the sacrament of Confirmation to a class of 73--27 boys and 46 girls. After this ceremony was over Bishop O'Dea addressed the ohil- dren in a beautiful and touching mau- nor. In the afternoon a splendid recep- tion was given to the Bishop and clef gy by the pupils of Providence Aeade. my. At the close of this the Bishop addressed thA children and his encour- aging words were eagerly listented to by young and old and will long and pleasantly linger on the minds of all those who had the good.fortuue of being present. At 4 o'clock the Bishop left wits the Very Roy Father Wolfgang for St, Martin's College where some of the students have been preparing for Con- firmation. At 7:30 in the evening, a solemn benediction was given, during which one of the children, Miss Sarah Moore. made, in ttie name of all, tim renewal ef our baptismal vows, and thus pleas- antly ended one of the happiest days I of our life. k Fdther Amsohwand Leaves fo Europe. POMEROY, May 31.Rev. Will- iam Amsohwand, perhaps the most talented and influential Catholic !priest ever stationed here, left Tues- day morning ' after a most successful ministry of foul years at this place, to i rev.isit his oldhome in the Swiss Alps. Father Amsohwand's work here has been productive of the most noticeable results. Under his care the Catholic membership has almost doubled in numbers, until now it is the strongest denomination in Garfield county, both numerically and financially. The Cath- olic school ires, under his manage- ment, become a permanent institution, i with an attendance of fifty tim last I semester. All the church property presents a fine.appearance, the build. ings having been greatly remodeled and improved, while the grounds are well kept. i The Catholic charge here is account- ed one ef the most difficult owing to the heterogeneousness of its national. ities and te the large vat|ante in the languages spoken by the parishioners. In overcoming this obstacle Roy. Am- schwand has been singularly success- ful, and his achievements in this line are directly attributable to his profi- ciency as a linguist. He will visit i points of in this be- ipterest country !fore sailing, and especially will make i a study of the workings of tim various government bureaus at" Washington for the purpose of securing data for a series of lectures on American insti- tutions he contemplates delivering, in foreign tongues in the various coun- tries of Europe through which his route lies. His tour will end with a journey to Rome and Holy Land, his return is expected in September. A Benedictine father from Mt. Angel, Ore., is to officiate during Roy. Am- schwand'svacation. ?ALLURE IN ) E l HILIPI)IN S THEODORE DE LEGUNA SAYS THERE IS WIDESPREAD DIS- : GUST AMONG THE .FILIPINO AT OUR EDUCATIONAL SCHEME The American Teachers Sent to the Philippines Were a Regiment of Carpet Baggers Exploiting the Country FEW years ago there was a great outcry tlmt t was he duty of the United States to civilize and Christianize the Filipinos. Accordingly there was a rush of parsons to the islands Bible in hand and. our government sent out teachers with American school books in hand. An idea widely prevails in our land that if a man has a Bible and  a few text books in his house he is 0hook full of Christianity and civili- zation. Aeoordingly we were going to fit the Filipinos i first olass shape, just as we are: fitted at home. Bat now comes the statement that err off, art to fasten our educational system is a failure in the islands. In the current issue of Gunston's Maga- zine Theodore de Laguna, Ph.D., a Cornell man who went to the Philip- pines as a teacber, unreservedly states that there is "widespread disgust " among the Filipinos for the Amerieau educational scheme, he tells us, and the chief desire of the teachers is to got back to America. All this is in strange'contrast wittl the high hope that so many had in the civihzing in- fluences of that shipload of teachers that crossed tim Pacific a year and a half ago. Dr. de Laguna attributes the failure to two principal causesthe quality of the teachers and the attempt to im- pose the English language on the na fives. In regard to the teachers he says: "he teachers wdr a ginien Of carpet baggers ome to exploit the co-ntry in their small way, and then, after a few years would sail happily ibome without a regret to spare. Had everythiug gone smoothly with the work here, the carpet baggers' inter- ests might have been sufficient to kee them at their task, but with the first breatt of failure, it would be hard to find any class of men more liahle to 'hopeless discouragement'. Then, in- i deed, it became a mere question of living ant one's time somehow and getting home again. "Few of the teachers had any con- siderable knowledge of Spanish; scarcely any could spea it grammat- i ieally and fluently. This was a seri- ou s handicap, not so much in the class- room as out of it. For though in these islands only a small percentage of the inhabitants can speak "Spanish, it is none the less the estabished idiom of culture. Every gentleman speaks it almost without exception. Thus it happens that the American teaober iu his ignorance of Spanish, and still fully taught. Elsewhere it is impor- tant ouly for 115o govelning class, at- fecting a it does their commercial and political interests. "But for the Filipino peasantry there s no nmtive tar learning Eng- lish, and accordingly they will not and cannot learn it. A new language can only come to them with a new life; sct/ooling cannot give it to them. Americans commonly suppose that these dialects are very simple affairs, consistiug at most of a few hundred words, and with no very elaborate grammatical structure. This is far from being true. To speak of the Vis. ayan language to which I have given some study, the richness of its voeab. ulary has been an ever recurrent occa- sion of wonder to me, and the .beauty and consistency of its grammatical structure are obvious euough to charm I eve a very imlrfeotly trained phi-! lologist." --Theodore de Leguna. DANGER IN YELLOW PRESS. BLOOMINGTON, Ill., May 26.- Resolutions adopted by the eleventh annual convention of tile State Feder- ation of German Roman Catholic So- cieties of Illinois at the concluding session today warn members of the Church of danger to public morals in yellow journals. These papers are de- scribed as unfit to enter Catholic homes and as a menace to reiigion. SERVICE IN GAELIC. Innovation Introduced at St. Vincent Ferrer's Ohureb. NEW YORK, May 26.--At St. Vin- cent Ferret's Roman Catholic church, the rosary was recited in Gaelic last evening. This innovation is due to the discovery made by the Dominicans Fathers, in tlmir last Imrish visita.[ tions t that  l..rge number of their pa- ] rlshtoners speak Gaelic, at least to the[ extent of knowing their prayers ia the I anment lengthS. I The rosary was led by Father J. A. Duly, O. P.,who learned tle language in his native land. On the only other occasion on which this service has been held the Dominican Father say, the responses were clear and confident. BISHOP O'REiLLY. Roy. C. J. O'Reilly of Portland and for some time editor of the Catholic entinel has been appointed Bisl,op of /tstern Oregon with Baker City as his official residence. Father O'Reilly is one of the best known priests of the West and will honor the higla position to which he has been called. In the face of statements repeatedly made that the stories of looting in the Philippines were without foundation, or grossly exaggerated, comes the re- port from Washington that a bell 200 years old, taken from a monastery in the islands, would be put to the pleb- ...... inn use of calling the men to work more m his picturesque at-, ........ ann to mnon m tne government props- tempts to express lnmself in broken, [ ........ gaiug garaens scum of the wasning- ungammatmal phrases, puts himself .......... ....... , . Ion monument, it is xurtner smtea upon me lever or tne noor aria una. ..... ' ... ]that the bell was shipped in a trans- vomamy exposes mmseir to con. . . ,, [port with some other relics aud found empt. stored away in the quartermaster's Tile teacher in time may learn Span- ish; but the native does not care to learn English. "The scheme is to teach the Filipi. nos something for whmh they feel no immediate need and in which they take no direct'interest namely, the English language. Other subjects have a place in the program, but the English language is practically the sole subject of instruction. "Why then do not tile children learn it? Some do learn it, namely,the few that have a daily opportunity of using what they learn. In a few cities, where there are hosts of Americans, soldiers and citizens, English is a liv- ing tongue; but for the great multi. tude of Filipinos it is practically a dead language. "Why should a Filipino care to learn English? Not many reasons are con- ceivable. In a few cities It might help, many a boy to get employment, but in these cities English van be success- depratment. :'"' BIG SANITARIUM. For Consumptives Dedicated by Bish- op Muldoon. CHIQAGO, June l.--St Anne's Sanitarium, for the treatment of con. sumptives was dedicated yesterday, the ceremonies being conducted by Rt. Rev, Blshop Muldoon who was assis. ted by a large number of priests. Th sanitarium will be conducted by the Sisters of tim Poor Handmaids ef Christ. It has 800 rooms and was built at a cost of $250,000. A park of five acres surrounds the structure and provides breatbing space. This insti- tutiun was erected because of.the fact that there was no place in the city whe consumptives are admitted. Patients wire aIe unable to pay will be'admitted free of charge. RELIGIOUS IABERTY. THE NEW DISPENSATION THAT HA9 BEEN PROMISED TO RUSSIA What the Recent Proeluntation of the C=ar on Freedom of Wor=hip In HI= Dominion=, If Crrled Into lf- feet, Will Meau to Our Church. Religious liberty in Russia is one of the thiugs that a few short months ago Were considered too wild a speculation to be given serious consideration. But the world moves, and recent events in- dicate that what was among the re- motest of poibilitie may evolute into a reality and that our church may in time be enabled to again gather into its fold the strayed sheep of that great empire. Speaking of the recent unex- pected pronunciamento on freedom of worship issued by the czar, the Man- chester IN. II.) Guidon says: Following the accounts of the Jubilee of the holy father come the glad tid- ings that the czar of Russia has pro- claimed religious liberty for all his kingdom, and he himself is about to visit the pope in Rome. This may mean much for the Catholic church. Here is a vast dominion of people, Catholic at heart, but separated from us by designing heresiarchs and kept apart for a mere speculative difference of belief that not one In a million of Its adherents can either understand or justify. It was in the year 870 that Photius found in the word "Filioque" of the Nicene Creed an excuse for throwing off dependence upon Rome Little by little the breach widened, but all tahese years this churcl has preserved 3ts holy orders with the greatest care and has kept her seven sacraments iutact. The condition of the Catholic church during these centuries in Russia has been one of great hardship. Those who clung to the old faith were under the ban, and any extension of Catholicity was almost impossible. When Catholic Poland came under the domination of the czar, the natives of that unhappy country experienced all the rigors of religious persecution. This at last, thank God, seems to be at an end. CathoUcs may now worship God ac- cording to the dictates of their con- science, and others may follow the in- spirations of grace without fear of earthly consequences. This policy of the ctar marks him as the most advanced and enlightened sovereign of his line. It is a departure fror all th. radittott 0f hl.s. ,...-,Hn. It. comes from bi own ncord. He can have only the highest object In pursu- ing such a cours yet we doubt not that the European press of his enemled will not be slow to attribute unworthy motives for it all, and perhaps Kipling may write a poem to discredit hlm again in the eyes of the worl& ThI granting of freedom of religion ts In line with the high Christian principles which prompted the czar to propose the disarmament of Europe and, when that could not be obtained, to bring about the establishment of a perma- nent peace commission at The Hague. We feel that no visitor to Rome thl year will be more welcome than the czar. Who knows but thts may be the first step toward a reunion of .the Greek and Latin churches? Bad Catholie. YOU must have heard many times Protestants aud infidels saying, "Oh, I'd be a Catholic, only there are so many bad Catholics." Now, it is easy to understand how "those who do not know the teachings of Christ should be scandalized and kept away from the chureh because of the fact that so many Catholics do not follow the teachings of their church. If such are really in earnest, the parable of the good and bad seed ought to be sufficient to convince them that the fact the" there are some wicked people who cab themselves Catholic in no way mili- tates against the truth of the church or against the thousand others whose lives are almost blameless because they follow the teachings of the church. Bishop itolera. The Right Rev. James Rogers, Re- man Catholic Bishop of Chatham, N. B.,died a few weeks ago. Bishop Rogers was born ou July 11, 1826, In Donegal county, Ireland. In 1831 his family emigrated to Halifax, where be was educated. He was two years In Ber- muda, and through his instrumental. its the first Catholic church there was erected. He was consecrated bishop on Aug. 15, 1860, at Charlottetown and was placed In cilarge of the new dio- cese of Chatham, where he remained till his death. In 1900 he asked the appolutment of a coadjutor, and Roy. Thomas Barry of Bathurst was se- lected. Last November Bishop Rogers gave enth'e charge of the diocese to Bishop Barry. A new Catholic orphan asylum was dedicated at Raleigh, North Carolina, last Sunday. Rt. Roy. Leo Haid, O. S. B., ricar Apostolic of North Care. lina, officiated,assisted by a nnmbor of prominent ecclesiastics. "j (i .4 "i