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Catholic Northwest Progress
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May 28, 1965     Catholic Northwest Progress
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May 28, 1965

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Christian-Marxist Diologue Dramatic 41 Vol'. 68, No. 22 Three{FIr'tOfsectlon,) Seattle, Wash., Friday,. May 28, 1965 $4.00 per year--10c per copy eSupreme Court Overturns Law Favoring Communist Mail WASHINGTON (NC)--Tbe US Supreme Court has unanimously overturned a Fed- law providing for detention by the Office of "Communist political propa- ganda." Associate Justice William O. Douglas, who Tuesday delivered the opinion of the court said the law, under which ad- dressees could receive such mail only by specifically requesting its delivery, vio- lated their constitutional rights under the First Amendment's free speech guaran- tees. He called the law "at war with the ninhibited, robust, and wide-open' de- bate and discussion that are contemplated by the First Amendment;' and quoted with approval this declaration by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes: "The United States may give up the Post Office when it sees fit, but while it carries it on, the use of the mails is almost as much a part of free speech as the right to use our tongues." The court's decision striking down the statute enacted by Congress in 1962 came in two cases involving challenges to the law, one arising in New York and the other in San Francisco. Associate Justice Byron White took no part in considering or deciding either case. The statute provided that mail matter, The Catholic Press Association presented 17 newspaper and 26 magazine awards at its annual meeting in New York for distinguished service to the Catholic press during the preceding year. Some of the recipients are (From Left) Msgr. J. G. Henley, editor of the Canadian Register of Kingston, Ont., Lawrence Cardinal Shehan, Archbishop of Baltimore, who presented the awards as Episcopal Chairman of the National Cath- olic Welfare Conference's Press Department and Edgar Barmann, news editor of the Catholic Exponent of Youngtown, Ohio. (Religious News Service Photo) except sealed letters, originating in a: for- eign country and determined by the See- retary of the Treasury to be "communist political propaganda" was to be detained by the Postmaster General upon its ar- rival in the US or subsequent deposit in the US mails. The Postmaster was to notify the ad- dresses that the material had arrived and inform him that it would be delivered only upon his request. Exempt from the provisions of the law was material sent on a subscription basis, mail sent to gov- ernment agencies or educational institu- tions or their officials, and material in- volved in a reciprocal international cul- tural agreement. In administering the law, the Post Office sent addressees a notice stating that Com- munist political propaganda intended for them was being detained and advising them that it would be destroyed unless they requested delivery by returning an attached reply card within 20 days. Prior to last March 1, the reply card contained a space in which the addressee could request delivery of any similar pub- lication in the future. A list of persons indicating that this was their wish was maintained by the Post Office. However, the keeping of the list has been terminated. In finding the law unconstitutional un- der the First Amendment's free speech guarantees, Justice Douglas based his de- cision on "the narrow ground that the addressee in order to receive his mail must request in writing that it be de- livered." "The addressee carries an affirmative obligation which we do not think the government may impose on him," he said. "This requirement is almost cer- tain to have a deterrent effect, especial- ly as respects those who have sensitive .positions. Their livelihood may be de- pendent on a security clearance. "Public officials, like school teachers who have no tenure, might think they would invite disaster if they read what the Federal government says contains the seeds of treason. "Apart from them, any addressee is likely to feel some inhibition in sending for literature which Federal officials have condemned as 'Communist political propa.. .... , ............... ,,,,; ............ In, a separate, concurring opinlon...Asso- elate Justice William J. Brennan, joined Catholic Vets to Honor IIFallen Comrades in Arms Catholic War V e t e r a n s of Seattle's Father Vingent Post will pay tribute Sun- day, May 30, to deceased veterans and to an Army chaplain from Seattle who was killed in World War II and whose bears the title of the post. CWV Mass at 8 am Sunday in Sacred Heart Church will be offered in memory of Father Clarence Vincent CSSR, who died 20 years ago during a bombing raid in Germany. A Communion breakfast will follow in Sacred Heart Parish Hall. CWV mem- bers afterwards will bold memorial services at 11 am in Calvary Cemetery and at 12:15 pm in Holyrood Cemetery. i Tickets to the breakfast will be avail- ble at the door for $1.25 for adults and alf-price for children. Breakfast speaker will be Fred Cordova of The Progress. Douglas Harvey, post commander, has extended an invitation to all interested Catholic veterans to attend Sunday's me- morial Mass. "Catholic veterans, both men and women, who have served in the armed forces of the US during any official mbat period are eligible to become WV members," he said. "Any wife, other, daughter or niece of a Catholic veteraq is also welcome in the auxili- ary." Chartered in 1947, Father Vincent Post was the first to be established in the Seattle area and is dedicated to a pro- gram of service to the Archdiocese, to veterans and veterans affairs. At one time there were as many as ight posts in the King County Chapter. President Plays Cupid I PROSPECT, Conn. (NC) -- President ohnson played Cupid. The Army is going to fly paratrooper Pfc. Frank Brigiia, Jr., home from the Dominican Republic on special leave. And Jaequeline Zabbarro, 19, at last report was tickled pink, way up there on Cloud 9. Briglia and Miss Zabbarro are being married on schedule May 29 in St. An- thony's Church here. The couple had set the date, sent out the vitations and made all necessary plans r the wedding some time ago. Then on May 4 Briglia and his outfit in the 82nd Anrborne Division were sent in a big hurry to the Dominican Republic. After recovering from the first shock of the separation, Miss Zabbarro wrote the President, outlining her plight in detail, asked his help and, for good measure, enclosed an invitation to the wedding. en President Johnson went into bew- d.arrow action. Among them were Father William T. Cummings Post in the south end and Commander Shea Post in the north. Last year, the CWV voted to consolidate all of the posts in the county under Father Vincent Post, composed now of 130 post members and 70 in the auxiliary. Father Vincent, who attended Sacred Heart School, was ordained in 1940. While a Latin and classics professor at Holy Redeemer College in Oakland, Calif., he received permission to enter the army as a chaplain. Assigned to General Patton's Seventh Armored Division, he narrowly escaped death in the Battle of the Bulge. He was killed March 13, 1945 in Germany. His name may be found on the service honor roll at the shrine of Our Lady of by Associate Justices Arthur Goldberg and John Harlan, said that while the First Amendment contains no specific guaran- tee of access to publications, nevertheless the right to receive publications is one of those "fundamental personal rights" ne- cessary to make it express guarantees meaningful. "The dissemination of ideas can ac- complish nothing if otherwise willing ad- dressees are not free to receive and consider them," Justice Brennan said. "It would be a barren marketplace of ideas that had only sellers and no buyers." As for the argument that requiring ad- dressees to return a post card in order to get mail is "only inconvenience and not an abridgment" of freedom, Justice Brennan commented that "inhibition as well as prohibition against the exercise of precious First Amendment rights is a power denied to government." "In the area of First Amendment free- doms," he said, "government has the duty to confine itself to the least intrusive regulations which are adequate for the purpose." Perpetual Help in Sacred Heart Church. D'pl G I omas o To 922 Seattle Grads The Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, Archbishop of Seattle,, will present di- plomas to 922 graduating seniors at the llth annual Seattle Catholic High School Combined Commencement at 3 p.m. Sun- day, May 30, in the Seattle Center Arena. Seniors will come from nine schools, including Blanchet, Forest Ridge, Holy Angels, Holy Names, Holy Rosary, Immac- ulate, O'Dea, St. Euphrasia's and Seattle Prep. The graduates' total is a record high in Seattle. Commencement speaker is Dr. Dix'y Lee Ray, director of the Pacific Science Center. The valedictory will be given by Robert H. Ingalls of Blancher and the salutatory by Kathryn Wheaton of Immac- ulate. Commencement exercises will also be held for 702 from Seattle University at 2 pm Saturday, May 29, in the Seattle Center Opera House. (See Graduation photos and details of schools in special graduation tabloid third section.) One of the traditional figures of Brazil's underdeveloped northeast is the ,mulher rendeira," the lace- making woman who makes table- cloths, bedspreads and other hand- worked items which middlemen buy for a. fifth of their market value or less. The Church has begun producers' cooperatives so the lace makers and their families may receive .a fair price for this painstaking work. (NC Photos) In Today's Progress FIRST SECTION -- Twelve pages of the latest news around the world and the Archdiocese, plus ordination photos. SECOND SECTION--Eight tabloid pages of 1965 Summer Vacation Living in the Northwest with the comlilete listing of the Vacation Mass Guide. THIRD SECTION -- Twenty-four tabloid pages, highlighting Commencement 1965 of schools in the Archdiocese. Father Pedro Arrupe, 57, Spanish. born Jesuit Provincial in Japan, has been elected Father General of the 36,000.member Society of Jesus at its chapter meeting in Rome. A survivor of the Hiro- shima atomic bombing in 1945, Father Arrupe was elected on the third ballot. See other details on Page Two. (Religious News Service Photo) Archbishop o Break Ground For John F. Kennedy Memorial High Ground breaking ceremonies for the proposed John Fitzgerald Kennedy High School will be held at 5 p.m. Saturday, May 29, according to an announcement made today by the Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, Archbishop of Seattle. By Barbara SticjImayr SALZBURG, Austria (NC)--The dra- matic confrontation of Christian and Marx- ist thinkers in this city concluded with considerably fewer sparks than had been predicted. Yet during the four-day meet- ing, about 250 delegates asked some hard questions of each other--questions that might eventually bear fruit if allowed to mature in an atmosphere of mutual sin- cerity. The Salzburg meeting was sponsored by the Paulus Society, a Catholic group that had invited participants from both sides of the Iron Curtain. As it turned out, those from Eastern Europe declined at the last minute to attend, perhaps due to the mis- understanding that the meeting was being sponsored by the new Vatican Secretariat for Non-Believers. Only a delegation from Yugoslavia and one person from Bulgaria were here to represent Eastern European Communists. The first question posed here was wheth- er Marxism is atheistic by its very nature. An Austrian Catholic argued that it is not, for he observed that Marxists refer to their ideology as an exact science, and science, he said, is not concerned with the existence or non-existence of God. Roger Garaudy, a member of the central committee of the French Communist par- ty, disagreed. Marxist atheism, he said, proceeds not from a denial of God but from an affirmation of man, The Marxist, he continued, understands history by an- alyzing the totality of humanity and sees human progress as a movement which formally negates a God-created world. At the same time, Garaudy, like many of the Marxists here, argued that religious feelings are a part of that "totality of humanity" which Marxism subscribes to. Thus, he said, Marxist humanism does not impoverish man by renouncing any human dimension, such as religion. One of the most stimulating discussions was started by Father Karl Rahner S J, the famed German theologian, in his ex- position of "a theology of the future." Since the "future" is the one form of transcendence accepted by the Marxists, they listened closely as Father Rahner defined Christianity as "the religion of the absolute future," insofar as it can only be understood from the future. This future, said Father Rahner, approaches each man on earth as an absolute, and thus it is essentially different from any planned or manipulated future. Because of this fact, Christianity shuns all future models of society, and in fact it looks upon all such human projections as uto- pian idealism. All observers at the April 29-May 2 Salzburg meeting eventually became aware that the Marxists present did not feel comfortable holding to any hard-line ide- ology. Led by the French and the Italians, they often spoke of a "social pluralism"-- society composed of many differing ide- ologies. Yet it was also evident that athe- ism continues to be a cornerstone of Marxism, and that Marxism continues to be one of the world's most rigid dogmas. France's Father Jean Calvez S J, ad- dressed himself to this fact when he said it is impossible for Christians to engage themselves in Communist policy, because Communist policy eventually becomes a philosophy, an ideology in which there is no room for real social pluralism. He appealed to the delegates present-- both the Christians and the Marxists--to "step down from the heaven of abstract philosophy and ideology to the earth oI our daily problems." The immediate ques- tion, he said, is not whether one should give up atheism or Christianity, but wheth- er persons of differing beliefs can learn to live together and work together for the common good. "Are you ready," he asked, turning to the Marxists, "to give up all philosophical determinations of policy? Are you ready to admit that human communication with- out reserve or condition has to be tried once more?" BishopsWarn Of Red Aims BOGOTA, Colombia (NC)--For the sec- ond time in three weeks, the bishops of Colombia have issued a warning that their i:ountry is a prime target for Communist subversion. They called on all citizens to work urgently to improve the political, social and economic climate of the nation. The statement May 17 was signed by Luis Cardinal Concha of Bogota and seven other Colombian archbishops. A previous appeal by the bishops April 29 received wide publicity in Colombia and sparked an emergency session of congress to con- sider new social and economic legislation. The bishops' new statement said not all of Colombia's problems are Communistic- inspired, but they said all the problems are being exploited by the Communists. The bishops further detected a general desire for the Church "to intervene ac- tively in tracing precise guidelines within the limits of her mission." CRS, Others In Dominican Relief Effort SANTO DOMINGO--(NC)--The US Cath- olic overseas relief agency together with US government and other private agencies has been doing yeoman service in distrib- uting food to the needy daring the fighting in the Dominican Republic. Catholic Relief Service-National Catholic Welfare Conference "is playing an inte- gral part in the President's emergency food program," reported Father James Clark of Washington, D. C. Father Clark, assistant to the director of the National Catholic Welfare Conference's Latin American Bureau, has been assisting in the relief work at the request of the papal nuncio to the Dominican Republic, Archbishop Emmanuelle Clarizio. In three weeks the Agency for Interna- tional Development and US voluntary agencies distributed some five million pounds of emergency aid in the Dominican Republic, most of it in this strife-torn cap. ital, the priest said. In one operation May 18, Father Clark reported, Catholic Relief Services in coop- eration with AID sent 12 trucks loaded with 246,000 pounds of rice, vegetable oil, corn meal and milk to 19 cities and distribution points in the interior of the country. "The civil war persisting in the capital has aggravated the food situation through- out the country," he noted. Father Clark said CRS-NCWC has been working with AID, CARE, and Church World Service under Organization of Amer- ican States coordination. In Santo Domingo, he added, "food is also bei n g provided by US soldiers" throughout the international safety zone they are maintaining in the city. "One of the chief problems in food dis- tribution is transportation of food from warehouses to distribution centers," Father thony's Church here. The Catholic agency has in the immedi- ate past imalntained the largest relief pro- gram in the country, .... !.. : :: ::: :. : Newly-ordained Father Richard Kenji Hayatsu (right) imparts his blessing on the Most Reverend Thomas A Connolly, Archbishop of Seattle, at the conclusion of the ordination of 11 deacons Saturday in in St. James Cathedral. Father William Morris SS (center) served as chaplain to the Archbishop. Father Hayatsu 'is the first priest of Jap- anese descent to be ordained for the Archdiocese. (More ordination photos on Page Four) Justifies Jewish Interference JERUSALEM, Israel (NC)--Jews have a right to urge passage of the proposed ecumenical council declaration on Cath- olic-Jewish relations because anti-Jewish and anti-Israeli groups are opposing its passage. This was stated here in an editorial in the Jerusalem Post, which said it hopes "reason will prevail at the Vatican over the sectional interests of Catholics in Arab states." Earlier, it was stated, "it was held by some Jewish leaders--and we believe right ly--that Jews have no business in Rome while the Church is discussing a purely internal problem, no place in a discussion of Catholic dogma." But recently, it went on, "it has become increasingly clear that it is the intention of a large body of non- Catholics--mainly in the Arab world--and many Catholics--both in the Arab world and elsewhere--to prevent the Church from removing the brand of guilt from the Jews, lest this lead to a acknowl- edgment of the right of the state of Israel to live." "Many Arab Christian and non-Christian spokesmen." it added, have become "in- creasingly active in trying to persuade Vatican leaders that it would be a politi- cal error for the ecumenical council . . . to ratify the 'Jewish schema' approved by an overwhelming majority at the last session." JOURNAL OF A SOUL 'It Is Good to be Humiliated' (Seventh in a series of 18 articles excerpted trom the torthcoming book "Journal o/ a Soul," the diaries of the late Pope John XXIII. These notes were written during 1956 and 1957 when the [uture Pope was Cardinal Patri- arch o/Venice. The entire 18.part series is brought to you through the courtesy o the Ballard Blos- som Shop, 2001 NW Market St., Seattle, SU 2.4213.) WITH regard to practical proposals for the year I have confirmed my resolution to achieve what has been the object of so many of my efforts, so frequently re- peeled, to improve my spiritual life: the perfection of mildness, patience and char- ity in my prayers as a priest and in my work for souls and for Holy Church, day by day. Add this at all costs, at the risk of seeming to be and being considered a per- son of little worth, with little to give. The sense of my own insufficiency, which is always with me and preserves me from vanity, is a gift from the Lord: it keeps me simple and saves me from mak- ing a fool of myself. I would not mind being thought a fool if this could help people to understand what I firmly believe and shall assert as long as I live, that the Gospel teachings is unalterable, and that in the Gospel Jesus teaches us to be gentle and humble; natu- rally this is nat the same thing as being weak and easygoing. Everything that smacks of pretentiousness and self-asser- tion is only selfishness and c o m e s to nought. "Give me more light: as evening falls." O Lord, we are now in the evening of our life. I am in my seventy-sixth year. Life is a great gift from our Heavenly Father. (Continued on Page 6) I